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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor. TIIIBSDAY, MAY 8, 1873. OPPOSED TO THE RAILROAD. Helena people are of the opinion that there must be some mistake in reference to A. M. Woolfolk's "oration" to Got. Potts, oppos ing the North and South railroad project, of which information was given in our special dispatch from the Capital yesterday. Col. Woolfolk, as most of our citizens know, was, until recently, one of the stoutest of the railroad advocates in our midst, and they could not readily believe that he had "chop ped around" in the manner spoken of. Our •correspondent telegraphs that Mr. Woolfolk makes the surprising statement that "four fifths of the people of Lewis and Clarke are opposed to it" (the North and South railroad enterprise),' which statement the Governor makes the most of, and has it "actively ad vertised" at the Capital. Air. Woolfolk, in terviewed by our reporter, wishes to be un derstood us saying in his letter that "four fifths of the tax-payers of Helena with whom he had talked were opposed to the railroad." Mr. W. will confer a favor by informing the public as to the number of tax-payers from whom lie obtained this expression of oppo sition to the railroad connection south.. Was the number five, six, a dozen, or twenty ? At this writing we can recall four-fifths of five tax-payers in Helena who don't want any railroad. Beyond that number we do not think the Colonel can safely claim. As our correspondent justly remarks, "if the citi zens of Helena are thus to be misrepresented, they can expect none of the benefits to be derived from railroad communication with the East." Since writing the above, we have been handed a card from Col. Woolfolk, which we append hereto : To the Editor of the Herald : While the Sanders bill was pending, there being at the time no other railroad measure before the Legislature, I stated substantially in a letter to the Governor that as far as I could judge from my opportunities I did not think I would err if I said that four-fifths of the property holders of this county were op posed to the North and South railroad pro ject—meaning, of course, the project to im pose a subsidy of seven hundred and fifty thousand dollars upon this county, as pro posed by the bill. I am willing to concede that other gentlemen may have had better opportunities than myself to form a correct estimate of public sentiment, but when I re member what seemed the almost universal dissatisfaction existing among all classes against the Sanders' bill, I still think that my estimate was rather below than beyond the truth. A. M. Woolfolk. 1.1A It II. IT IKS OF COMMON CAR RIERS. The question as t# what are the liabilities of common carriers is one of great interest to the business classes of the country gener alty. Some time since a decision was ren dered by the Supreme Court of Illinois to the effect that transportation companies are not responsible for the loss' of consignments stored by them in their warehouses. That decision is noAv overturned by the Supreme Court of the United States, involving the same issues. There was, in addition, a printed condition attached to the receipt for the goods, given at the date of shipment, which stipulated that all goods were at the risk of owners while in the warehouse of the com pany, unless loss should occur through its negligence. The court, however, held that, in the absence of an express agreement to that effect by the shipper, he was not bound by such condition ; the decision being that the carrier is liable to the «xtent of Lis route, and until lie has delivered the property to the next carrier. The decision may be taken as a final settlement ef this important question. If tue Daily Graphic • lives, it will serve one good purpose. It will prevent the whole sale stealings from foreign publications by the weekly illustrated press. When it is pos sible a picture will appear in the daily even ing journal, the weeklies will think twice be fore they appropriate it. Let the Graphic , then, take for its own embellishment all it desires of the foreign work, and if it keeps it up long enough, we shall not have to com plain of the same engravings appearing simultaneously in all the weeklies. Tue New York ex-ring thieves appear to be all diligently engaged in enjoying them selves. Tweed is in Canada, Corson is among the orange groves of Florida, Woodward is doing the Jardin Mabille in Paris, Ingersoll inhales the morning airs in the New Jersey mountains, Sweeney is studying art at Lake Mohopac, Connolly is catching fish on the Nova Scotia coast, Fields is airing liis huge form among the New Brunswick blue noses, while Garvey and Oakey Hall remain quietly in the metropolis._ . The President has filled the vacancies in the civil service advisory board, made by the resignations of Hem. Geo. W. Curtis and Mayor Medili, by the appointment of Hon. Dorman B. «Eaton, of New York, and Hon. Samuel Shellabarger, of Ohio. Both these gentlemen have not only been earnest friends of civil service reform, but of reform in eveiy branch of the Government, municipal State, or national._ . The Patent Office did more work in March than in any other month of its life-time. " MOM TAMA'S INDIAN RING." Under this caption the Gazette this morning reprints from the New York Sun a windy letter, intended as an expose of fraud and cor ruption in the Indian management of this Territory. The letter in question purports to hare been written from this city—which probably it was not. Its authorship is very generally attributed to a W est Side ex-Indian agent, under Johnson's administration, who, for some time past, lias been "browsing around" Washington, trying to sponge bis "fodder" from the public crib through the winter and spring months. The writer, prominently known as a political bed-fellow of the Gazette , was, in his capacity as Indian agent, the most notorious "peculator" and irresrular "winner" of Indian appropriations that Montana ever had or will ever have again. This person designates Clagett, Sim mons, Judd, Viall, Black, Baldwin, Hauser, Pease, Broadwater, Peck, Fisk, ( J âmes L. ) Ilev. Van Anda, Harlan, Delano, Logan, Armitage, and others, as connected, near or remote, with the "Iudian Ring," and "shar ing in its profits and plunder." Several of the individuals wdiose names are made to fig ure in this narrative are favored with bio graphical sketches ; hut the writer devotes the principal part of his production to a florid description of "magnificent jobs," "How Delano manages matters," Who got the steal ings," "What the Teton Sioux didn't get, "How Indians are swindled," and other items of that sort, depicted in the indignant language of the exiled Indian agent, who deplores all of the naughty thing* charged under these heads—tor the reason that he was denied the privilege of being one of those to perpetrate them. The Gazette gives sanction to the Sun letter by republishing it. A number of the gentle men "exposed" by the writer are political friends of the Gazette and the principal own ers of that concern. "Indian money," as it %vere, contributed largely to its resusci tation and support, and its Democratic friends who have been and still are members of that "odious Indian ring," will doubtless evince some surprise at the misrepresentations done up in such shape tor them by our co temporary. The Herald stands square upon its own bottom, asking nothing and receiving nothing from the Indian officials or contractors. We recognize the fact, nevertheless, that Indian management in Montana the past few years has been a gratifying success, and w'e do not hesitate to say that most matters in connection therewith have been conducted in such a manner as to secure safety and peace to our people, and the hearty endorse ment of the Government's policy efficiently carried out by its officers in controlling and quieting thousands of the most troublesome Indians on the continent. We deiounce un qualifiedly the anonymous letter-writer of the Sun. His representations are little more than [a tissue of falsehood, and the Gazette , nowing this to be the case, is equally culpa le in reproducing the lies of the ex-Indian agent sorehead. UIJLLOCK'S RAILROAD BILL. A dispatch from the Capital announces the passage, in an amended form, of Bullock's railroad bill, in the Council. This hill is drawn on the basis of a stock-subscription by the several counties, in the ratio of 20 per cent, valuation of property in Lewis and Clarke at the time of completion of the road, 15 per cent, in Madison, Jefferson and Gal latin, and 10 per cent, in Meagher. Its pass age was recommended in Committee of the Whole by a vote of i) to 3—the opponents being Newcomer, of Deer Lodge, and Fisher and Stewart, of Jefferson. The bill, we understand, subsequently passed the Council by more than a two-thirds vote, and it is ex pected to pass the nouse without material opposition. A PUBLIC SERVANT DENOUNCED BY III» CONSTITUENTS. Jefferson City, May 2, 1S73. To the Editor of the Herald. The news of the defeat of the railroad bill in tjie House is received here. I need not assure you that the adverse vote of the mem ber from this side of Jefferson county, em bracing one of the richest and most exten sive mineral fields in Montana, produced profound astonishment. He is generally and emphatically denounced, and by none in stronger language than those who elected him to the Assembly. DEMOCRAT. Our Capital correspondent gives the rail road opponents in the House an airing such as they undoubtedly well deserve. We are disappointed in failing to receive our special dispatches yesterday and to-day, which we depended upon to impart the latest and most important Legislative news. The Herald has habitually show n its superior enterprise in this as in other newspaper matters, which the public will readily recognize and ac knowledge. We have an excellent letter to day, w hich our readers will peruse with in terest. The act apportioning the Congressional representation of Tennessee, passed by the last Legislature, provides that in the event of a tie vote between Congressional candidates, the Governor of the State shall give the cast ing vote, and issue the certificate of election accordingly. The New York District Attorney says that the greatest criminals of New York are young men of sixteen and eighteen. Three steamers and a Boston ship named Atlantic have been lost within the memory of th^present generation. Letter from the Capital. What tlic Legislature has Done amt is Doing—The R. R. incorporation Act— Its Passage Assured—Coleman's Va« grant Rill—Raron O'Keefe and His Dog Law—Regulating Stage and Ex press Cos—The Ilnrdf Rill Passed Amendment of the Liquor Law—Yea ger's Penitentiary Rill—Adjournment this Week. [from our regular correspondent.] Virginia City, April 28, 1873. The Legislature has devoted the last few days to the consideration of fee bills and the killing of unimportant bills. A number of bills needful in the correction of our present statutes were tabled, for the reason that the shortness of the present session would not admit of a mature consideration of their merits, and the Legislature veiy properly de termined that all amendments not absolutely demanded in the securing of justice to the people and protection of property in the Ter ritory should be left until the length 'of the session will permit an entire renovation of our laws. The railroad incorporation act was con sidered in Committee of the Whole in the House to-day, Aiken in the chair. The whole act was considered section by section, and thoroughly discussed by the members. The Committee arose, and recommended the passage of the bill with hut few and unim portant amendments, and it will pass to morrow'. It is a satisfaction to all friends of railroad enterprises that the members, on a thorough examination of this bill, found in it all that could be expected or required, and so little to find fault with, for it was an evi de*ce to them that no advantage was at tempted to be taken of them, and that the unjust and umvarranted suspicions and slurs of the enemies of railroads were character ized by the baser motives that actuate man kind. The vagrant bill of Coleman, which some days ago passed the House and was sent to the Council, to-day passed that body, w r ith the amendment that it apply to Gallatin county alone. This amendment will be con curred inHiy the House, and in the garden county of the Territory poverty will be a reproach and a week of leisure will subject the pleasure-seeker to the tender mercies of the sheriff and a sumptuous entertainment of bread and w r ater at the county's expense. The bill repealing the tax on dogs, intro duced by O'Keefe, of Missoula, passed the house to-day by a large majority. The result of this vote is an evidence of the energy and faithfulness of Mr. O'Keefe, for it was an Unpopular measure at first, but that gen tleman stayed with it until success crowned his labors. I am pleased to record the fact, that in Mr. O'Keefe Missoula has a faithful and vigilant representative, who looks after her interests at all times and under all cir cumstances. The bill for regulating stage and express companies in Montana will come up for pas sage to-morrow in the House. It is intimated that it will be defeated. Among its general features it provides for a fare of ten cents per mile, prohibits piling baggage and express matter on passengers, and ot her alleged acts of drivers tending to the discomfort of travel ers, and provides penalties. Mr. Salsbury is expected up to night to urge its passage. The hurdy bill passed both Houses, has been approved by the Governor, and is a law at the present date. The bill repealing the Liquor Act of last winter passed, with the amendment that the penalties stand in full force against those who sell liquor to minors against the wishes of parents or guardians, or to habitual drunk ards. The bill as amended is all that could be desired, and the amendments are highly proper. The penitentiary bill will come up for con sideration to-morrow. I understand the joint committee have agreed upon the hill intro duced by Yeager, of Madison, with some modifications. Both Houses seem determined to adjourn on Saturday, and the present week will be a warm and busy one. A large number of the members are sparring for position before their constituents, and votes will be cast with regard to a record at which an enthusiastic people will exclaim, "Well done, good and faithful servant—enter into the office of sheriff, and such!" L. C. Virginia Uity, April 30, 1873, To-day the House presented the first dram atic and exciting scene of the session. For many days the opponents of the railroad en terprise have been busily engaged in organ izing their opposition, and endeavoring to force the railroad men to withdraw their bills, while all around hung with listening ear and knowing looks the vultures of the Legislature, ready to fasten on any material railroad "bonus" that might come to the surf açe ; and this afternoon the contest be tween the poor quartz miners and the office seekers' ring was inaugurated—a contest that, through the future history of our Terri tory, will continue until the men, who, by disregarding the rights of the people because they art poor and ragged, deny them a voice in all questions that affect their material prosperity and wellfare, will be condemned and turned over to the scorn and contempt of the very men they now despise. The bill providing for certain counties to subscribe to the stock of a railroad company came up for discussion Jn the House. The motion of Mr. Ezekiel to commit the bill to a select committee of two from each county mentioned in section 2 of the bill, aftei dis cussion, was lest. Rogers, of Deer Lodge, made a motion to reject* the bill. Upon this motion ensued a discussion that occupied the entire afternoon Ezekial argued against the motion in a forcible manner, insisting that the people of the respective counties should have a chance to say by their ow'n votes whether they de sired the rejection of the railroad. Mead, of Beaverhead, spoke in opposition to the bill, and said he would always vote against railroads ; that no one wanted a rail road in his county. Coleman, of Gallatin, insisted that lie was an agent of the people of Gallatin, and he proposed to determine what was best for them, and he was opposed to the bill. Several other rural members emerged from their obscurity and declared that they were not afraid of their constituents. The Speaker of the House, Rogers, of Deer Lodge, took the floor, and in a happy manner recited some of the most sensational editorials of the Northœe&t, and aired the opinions of Messrs. Cooley, Dixon & Co. To the general public, who are not readers of the Deer Lodge paper, his speech was original and really refreshing. His position was that it was irasconstitutional for counties to take stock ; but his law was the coinage of a vitiated or diseased legal mind ; liis rea soning unreal, and his whole effort unworthy of the occasion and the man. Sanders replied, and the unanimous senti ment is that he never made a better speech. He dispelled the sophistry, crushed the legal authorities, and tore away the flimsy struc ture erected by the gentleman from over the range. His speech was an earnest and effec tive appeal in behalf of the working men of the Territory—a manly protest against treat ing them as not v.'orthy to be trusted—and declared that from henceforth he wonld not rest until the foul arid cowardly assault upon the rights and honor of the poor people of Montana should be vindicated and justice be done unto them. It w r as a splendid effort, and was a complete vindication of the great enterprise sought to be defeated. The question was called and the vote stood as follows : Those voting to reject the bill were Aiken, Alger, Brown, Coleman, Curtis, Dean, Emersom, Harrington, Kennedy, Kerley, Mallory, Mead, McCauley, Sutton, Tate, and Mr. Speaker. Those voting against rejection, Carmichael, Chessman, Dnsold, Ezekial, Hartwell, Heldt, O'Keefe, Sanders and Stafford. Thus for fear the people would vote the stock provided in the bill, it was killed. Killed because, as is said, the poor men in the several counties would vote it, whereas the tax-payers alone ought to vote. Such is the character of the legislation the people must expect so long as they send men to make their law's who are dead to ever y dictate of justice, and heedless of the rights of men, because they are unfortunate and poor. In this contest the Lewis and Clarke dele- gation evince no fear of the poor men of that county, but insist that all alike should be consulted upon this, the greatest and best enterprise #ver inaugurated in the Territory of Montana. L. C. -— «*• ** y* «*»— - Our San Francisco Letter. Tlie Modoc Massacre—Funeral Obse quies of Dr. Thomas—Tribute to the Memory of Canby—A Stunning San Francisco Sensation—Gold versus Greenbacks—Lecture by Prot« W alker —Alter Ego's Criticism—Southern Pa cific It. F*.-San Diego—Suicide—A Montan mu Loaded Down with "Kock*"-Ddsglitful Weather, Fruits, etc« [FROM OUR REGULAR CORRESPONDENT.] San Francisco, April 10, 1873. Ere this letter can reach you, you will have heard all the particulars of the treacherous murder of Gen. Canby and Dr. Thomas by the Modocs, and the vigorous measures of Gen. Gillem for the extermination of those bloody fiends. This subject is now upper most in the minds of our citizens. A feeling of bitterness towards the Government, w'hich •f is charged with being the cause of these mur ders, pervades all classes. Gen. Schofield sent a detachment of troops to aid in sur rounding the Modocs yesterday, but to-day we learn they have escaped from the lava bed, and at last accounts, were in full re treat to the mountains. Three days of con stant fighting have, so far as known, resulted in killing six Indians and wounding as many more, but the ejection of them from their stronghold is regarded as the sure precursor of their destruction. A competent force of cavalry was in full pursuit of them yesterday. The body of the Rev. Dr. Thomas arrived in the city on Friday evening, and his funeral obsequies were performed by the entire Methodist clergy of the'city yesterday. More than seven thousand people were in attend ance. The entire Masonic fraternity of the city, numbering perhaps a thousand, escorted the body to the grave, in the Masonic Ceme tery, near Laurel Hill. It was perhaps the most imposing funeral pageant that ever transpired in this city. The Doctor was greatly lamented, as well for his unostenta tious piety, and vigorous, practical life, as for the manner of his "taking off." A similar demonstration awaits the arrival of the remains of the lamented Canby, except that it will be more of a military character. Few army officials commanded more of the respect and affection of the army than Canby. Of bravery unquestioned, he was mild and amiable in his general' deportment, and with 1 w of As in ing of to a a all the noble qualities of a gallant soldier united the graces of a Christian gentleman. The great sensation of the moment is tin* apparently well established fact that on Good Friday a young girl in this city was visited by the Stigmator, or, in other words, was during a season of temporary illness, marked in the feet, hands and sides w ith blood marks resembling scars occasioned by piercing like those of the Savior. The story is told with all the seeming accompaniments of truth, by the priests, w ho were first informed of the miracle. Several reporters of the city papers have seen the scars, and the subject is ex citing a good deal of wonder. To be sure some are irreligious enough to doubt, and to express the opinion that the marks were made by human means, but the majority rather credit the idea that they are of super natural origin. The young lady professes entire ignorance of the manner in which they were effected, and our doubting Thomases thereupon have the audacity to intimate that she was mesmerized by some interested per son, who took advantage of her unconscious ness to inflict these marks. Our Catholic citizens one and all regard the matter as a mir acle, wrought to give fresh impulse to Cath olicism. If the thing is a fraud, it is a very bold one, as the young lady lias been visited by hundreds, and all testify to the distinct ness of the scars. If it is a truth, it is a very suspicious one, and will make more enemies than converts to a faith which, in this en lightened age, deems such a phenomenon of the least importance in the way of establish ing its verity. Our stock and commercial men were ad dressed Thursday last by Prof. Amasa 'Walker, of Harvard College, on the compara tive merits of gold and greenbacks as a cur rency. The Professor took the California view', denounced greenbacks, claimed that they had been and would continue to be a curse to the country. A final and tremendous crash in the Eastern commercial world was predicted, which California would escape. California was declared to be the richest of all the States, and urged to adhere to her gold currency as the rock of her sal vation. Her condition w r as pronounced supe rior to any other in the Union, simply be cause of the provision against paper. And yet, in the face of all this, our market is des titute of money for operations in stock or commerce. A plain fact it seems to me shows the fallacy of this gold theory of Prof. Walker. Soon after the developments of the Credit Mobelier were made, English capital ists, w'ho held ten millions in bonds of the Central Pacific Railroad, alarmed at the dis honest and fraudulent operations of Ames, insisted upon their redemption. The Presi dent of the road, as the story goes, exiled upon a leading capitalist of this city for aid, offering the bonds as security for the money. He obtained it, but in doing so, withdrew from tlie monitary circulation just ten mil lions of gold and silver. Our market could not stand so large a draw', all at once, with out corresponding depreciation hr business. Stocks began immediately to decline, and have been declining ever since. Now', were w e favored with a greenback currency, these bonds, which are locked up in the vaults of the bank as security, could be hypothecated, so as to obtain capital enough to organize a bank which w'ould supply the hiatus in the circulation. As it is, they are useless. All oî Prof. Walker's fine spun theories cannot meet and overcome an exigency like this. The people of Southern California are greatly excited at the prospect of an early completion of the Southern Pacific Railroad. San Diego has already put on the airs of a metropolis. Lots eligibly located there arc offered for sale in our market, and, possess ing the only harbor on tlie coast south of San Francisco, she has a fair prospect for rapid grow th in commercial importance. There is no country, however, susceptible of cultiva tion, within thirty miles of the city. It is an interminable sand desert. A son of Governor Dennison, of Ohio, committed suicide here yesterday, lie was a Lieutenant in the Navy of fair promise, but given to occasional excess in drinking. Ilis wife, living in this city, had, during the voy age from which he just returned, determined upon a divorce, and so informed him by letter upon his arrival. Ife endeavored to concili ate her through a friend, and blew his brains out when informed that it w as without suc cess. Chinese immigration continues at the rate of 1,200'per month. Forty thousand China men in this city live in four hundred houses. Thus they live, make money, spend nothing here, and will not be buried here. Is not tlie subject one that promises to become inextri cable ? The epizootic has arrived, but in much milder form than it was in the Eastern cities. As yet it has not materially affected the busi ness operations of the city. You recollect Captain Gleason, who lived in Montana several years ago. He was, I be lieve, one of the first discoverers of El Dorado Bar. He is now in this city with his pockets literally "full of rocks," having returned a few,weeks ago from a successful jew el hunt ing expedition into Arizona. He has about forty pounds of stones which have all the qualities of the finest Spinel Rubies. Some of them are very large—one pronounced by our lapidaries to be worth a million. He in tends going to Europe with them, and if, ftS claimed, they are the genuine article, Captain Gleason will doubless realize an immense fortune. The weather is delightful. The market is glutted with strawberries, oranges, bananas and other delicious fruits. ALTEB EGO.