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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 08, 1873, Image 4

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R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor.
Helena people are of the opinion that there
must be some mistake in reference to A. M.
Woolfolk's "oration" to Got. Potts, oppos
ing the North and South railroad project, of
which information was given in our special
dispatch from the Capital yesterday. Col.
Woolfolk, as most of our citizens know,
was, until recently, one of the stoutest of the
railroad advocates in our midst, and they
could not readily believe that he had "chop
ped around" in the manner spoken of. Our
•correspondent telegraphs that Mr. Woolfolk
makes the surprising statement that "four
fifths of the people of Lewis and Clarke are
opposed to it" (the North and South railroad
enterprise),' which statement the Governor
makes the most of, and has it "actively ad
vertised" at the Capital. Air. Woolfolk, in
terviewed by our reporter, wishes to be un
derstood us saying in his letter that "four
fifths of the tax-payers of Helena with whom
he had talked were opposed to the railroad."
Mr. W. will confer a favor by informing the
public as to the number of tax-payers from
whom lie obtained this expression of oppo
sition to the railroad connection south.. Was
the number five, six, a dozen, or twenty ?
At this writing we can recall four-fifths of
five tax-payers in Helena who don't want any
railroad. Beyond that number we do not
think the Colonel can safely claim. As our
correspondent justly remarks, "if the citi
zens of Helena are thus to be misrepresented,
they can expect none of the benefits to be
derived from railroad communication with
the East."
Since writing the above, we have been
handed a card from Col. Woolfolk, which
we append hereto :
To the Editor of the Herald :
While the Sanders bill was pending, there
being at the time no other railroad measure
before the Legislature, I stated substantially
in a letter to the Governor that as far as I
could judge from my opportunities I did not
think I would err if I said that four-fifths of
the property holders of this county were op
posed to the North and South railroad pro
ject—meaning, of course, the project to im
pose a subsidy of seven hundred and fifty
thousand dollars upon this county, as pro
posed by the bill. I am willing to concede
that other gentlemen may have had better
opportunities than myself to form a correct
estimate of public sentiment, but when I re
member what seemed the almost universal
dissatisfaction existing among all classes
against the Sanders' bill, I still think that my
estimate was rather below than beyond the
truth. A. M. Woolfolk.
The question as t# what are the liabilities
of common carriers is one of great interest
to the business classes of the country gener
alty. Some time since a decision was ren
dered by the Supreme Court of Illinois to the
effect that transportation companies are not
responsible for the loss' of consignments
stored by them in their warehouses. That
decision is noAv overturned by the Supreme
Court of the United States, involving the
same issues. There was, in addition, a printed
condition attached to the receipt for the
goods, given at the date of shipment, which
stipulated that all goods were at the risk of
owners while in the warehouse of the com
pany, unless loss should occur through its
negligence. The court, however, held that,
in the absence of an express agreement to
that effect by the shipper, he was not bound
by such condition ; the decision being that
the carrier is liable to the «xtent of Lis route,
and until lie has delivered the property to the
next carrier. The decision may be taken as
a final settlement ef this important question.
If tue Daily Graphic • lives, it will serve
one good purpose. It will prevent the whole
sale stealings from foreign publications by
the weekly illustrated press. When it is pos
sible a picture will appear in the daily even
ing journal, the weeklies will think twice be
fore they appropriate it. Let the Graphic ,
then, take for its own embellishment all it
desires of the foreign work, and if it keeps
it up long enough, we shall not have to com
plain of the same engravings appearing
simultaneously in all the weeklies.
Tue New York ex-ring thieves appear to
be all diligently engaged in enjoying them
selves. Tweed is in Canada, Corson is among
the orange groves of Florida, Woodward is
doing the Jardin Mabille in Paris, Ingersoll
inhales the morning airs in the New Jersey
mountains, Sweeney is studying art at Lake
Mohopac, Connolly is catching fish on the
Nova Scotia coast, Fields is airing liis huge
form among the New Brunswick blue noses,
while Garvey and Oakey Hall remain quietly
in the metropolis._ .
The President has filled the vacancies in
the civil service advisory board, made by
the resignations of Hem. Geo. W. Curtis and
Mayor Medili, by the appointment of Hon.
Dorman B. «Eaton, of New York, and Hon.
Samuel Shellabarger, of Ohio. Both these
gentlemen have not only been earnest friends
of civil service reform, but of reform in
eveiy branch of the Government, municipal
State, or national._ .
The Patent Office did more work in March
than in any other month of its life-time.
Under this caption the Gazette this morning
reprints from the New York Sun a windy
letter, intended as an expose of fraud and cor
ruption in the Indian management of this
Territory. The letter in question purports
to hare been written from this city—which
probably it was not. Its authorship is very
generally attributed to a W est Side ex-Indian
agent, under Johnson's administration, who,
for some time past, lias been "browsing
around" Washington, trying to sponge bis
"fodder" from the public crib through the
winter and spring months. The writer,
prominently known as a political bed-fellow
of the Gazette , was, in his capacity as Indian
agent, the most notorious "peculator" and
irresrular "winner" of Indian appropriations
that Montana ever had or will ever have
again. This person designates Clagett, Sim
mons, Judd, Viall, Black, Baldwin, Hauser,
Pease, Broadwater, Peck, Fisk, ( J âmes L. )
Ilev. Van Anda, Harlan, Delano, Logan,
Armitage, and others, as connected, near or
remote, with the "Iudian Ring," and "shar
ing in its profits and plunder." Several of
the individuals wdiose names are made to fig
ure in this narrative are favored with bio
graphical sketches ; hut the writer devotes
the principal part of his production to a florid
description of "magnificent jobs," "How
Delano manages matters," Who got the steal
ings," "What the Teton Sioux didn't get,
"How Indians are swindled," and other items
of that sort, depicted in the indignant language
of the exiled Indian agent, who deplores all
of the naughty thing* charged under these
heads—tor the reason that he was denied the
privilege of being one of those to perpetrate
The Gazette gives sanction to the Sun letter
by republishing it. A number of the gentle
men "exposed" by the writer are political
friends of the Gazette and the principal own
ers of that concern. "Indian money," as it
%vere, contributed largely to its resusci
tation and support, and its Democratic
friends who have been and still are members
of that "odious Indian ring," will doubtless
evince some surprise at the misrepresentations
done up in such shape tor them by our co
temporary. The Herald stands square upon
its own bottom, asking nothing and receiving
nothing from the Indian officials or contractors.
We recognize the fact, nevertheless, that
Indian management in Montana the past few
years has been a gratifying success, and w'e
do not hesitate to say that most matters in
connection therewith have been conducted
in such a manner as to secure safety and
peace to our people, and the hearty endorse
ment of the Government's policy efficiently
carried out by its officers in controlling and
quieting thousands of the most troublesome
Indians on the continent. We deiounce un
qualifiedly the anonymous letter-writer of the
Sun. His representations are little more
than [a tissue of falsehood, and the Gazette ,
nowing this to be the case, is equally culpa
le in reproducing the lies of the ex-Indian
agent sorehead.
A dispatch from the Capital announces the
passage, in an amended form, of Bullock's
railroad bill, in the Council. This hill is
drawn on the basis of a stock-subscription
by the several counties, in the ratio of 20 per
cent, valuation of property in Lewis and
Clarke at the time of completion of the road,
15 per cent, in Madison, Jefferson and Gal
latin, and 10 per cent, in Meagher. Its pass
age was recommended in Committee of the
Whole by a vote of i) to 3—the opponents
being Newcomer, of Deer Lodge, and Fisher
and Stewart, of Jefferson. The bill, we
understand, subsequently passed the Council
by more than a two-thirds vote, and it is ex
pected to pass the nouse without material
Jefferson City, May 2, 1S73.
To the Editor of the Herald.
The news of the defeat of the railroad bill
in tjie House is received here. I need not
assure you that the adverse vote of the mem
ber from this side of Jefferson county, em
bracing one of the richest and most exten
sive mineral fields in Montana, produced
profound astonishment. He is generally and
emphatically denounced, and by none in
stronger language than those who elected him
to the Assembly. DEMOCRAT.
Our Capital correspondent gives the rail
road opponents in the House an airing such
as they undoubtedly well deserve. We are
disappointed in failing to receive our special
dispatches yesterday and to-day, which we
depended upon to impart the latest and most
important Legislative news. The Herald
has habitually show n its superior enterprise
in this as in other newspaper matters, which
the public will readily recognize and ac
knowledge. We have an excellent letter to
day, w hich our readers will peruse with in
The act apportioning the Congressional
representation of Tennessee, passed by the
last Legislature, provides that in the event of
a tie vote between Congressional candidates,
the Governor of the State shall give the cast
ing vote, and issue the certificate of election
The New York District Attorney says
that the greatest criminals of New York are
young men of sixteen and eighteen.
Three steamers and a Boston ship named
Atlantic have been lost within the memory of
th^present generation.
Letter from the Capital.
What tlic Legislature has Done amt is
Doing—The R. R. incorporation Act—
Its Passage Assured—Coleman's Va«
grant Rill—Raron O'Keefe and His
Dog Law—Regulating Stage and Ex
press Cos—The Ilnrdf Rill Passed
Amendment of the Liquor Law—Yea
ger's Penitentiary Rill—Adjournment
this Week.
[from our regular correspondent.]
Virginia City, April 28, 1873.
The Legislature has devoted the last few
days to the consideration of fee bills and the
killing of unimportant bills. A number of
bills needful in the correction of our present
statutes were tabled, for the reason that the
shortness of the present session would not
admit of a mature consideration of their
merits, and the Legislature veiy properly de
termined that all amendments not absolutely
demanded in the securing of justice to the
people and protection of property in the Ter
ritory should be left until the length 'of the
session will permit an entire renovation of
our laws.
The railroad incorporation act was con
sidered in Committee of the Whole in the
House to-day, Aiken in the chair. The
whole act was considered section by section,
and thoroughly discussed by the members.
The Committee arose, and recommended the
passage of the bill with hut few and unim
portant amendments, and it will pass to
morrow'. It is a satisfaction to all friends of
railroad enterprises that the members, on a
thorough examination of this bill, found in
it all that could be expected or required, and
so little to find fault with, for it was an evi
de*ce to them that no advantage was at
tempted to be taken of them, and that the
unjust and umvarranted suspicions and slurs
of the enemies of railroads were character
ized by the baser motives that actuate man
The vagrant bill of Coleman, which some
days ago passed the House and was sent to
the Council, to-day passed that body, w r ith
the amendment that it apply to Gallatin
county alone. This amendment will be con
curred inHiy the House, and in the garden
county of the Territory poverty will be a
reproach and a week of leisure will subject
the pleasure-seeker to the tender mercies of
the sheriff and a sumptuous entertainment of
bread and w r ater at the county's expense.
The bill repealing the tax on dogs, intro
duced by O'Keefe, of Missoula, passed the
house to-day by a large majority. The result
of this vote is an evidence of the energy
and faithfulness of Mr. O'Keefe, for it was
an Unpopular measure at first, but that gen
tleman stayed with it until success crowned
his labors. I am pleased to record the fact,
that in Mr. O'Keefe Missoula has a faithful
and vigilant representative, who looks after
her interests at all times and under all cir
The bill for regulating stage and express
companies in Montana will come up for pas
sage to-morrow in the House. It is intimated
that it will be defeated. Among its general
features it provides for a fare of ten cents
per mile, prohibits piling baggage and express
matter on passengers, and ot her alleged acts
of drivers tending to the discomfort of travel
ers, and provides penalties. Mr. Salsbury is
expected up to night to urge its passage.
The hurdy bill passed both Houses, has
been approved by the Governor, and is a law
at the present date.
The bill repealing the Liquor Act of last
winter passed, with the amendment that the
penalties stand in full force against those who
sell liquor to minors against the wishes of
parents or guardians, or to habitual drunk
ards. The bill as amended is all that could
be desired, and the amendments are highly
The penitentiary bill will come up for con
sideration to-morrow. I understand the joint
committee have agreed upon the hill intro
duced by Yeager, of Madison, with some
Both Houses seem determined to adjourn
on Saturday, and the present week will be a
warm and busy one. A large number of the
members are sparring for position before
their constituents, and votes will be cast with
regard to a record at which an enthusiastic
people will exclaim, "Well done, good and
faithful servant—enter into the office of
sheriff, and such!" L. C.
Virginia Uity, April 30, 1873,
To-day the House presented the first dram
atic and exciting scene of the session. For
many days the opponents of the railroad en
terprise have been busily engaged in organ
izing their opposition, and endeavoring to
force the railroad men to withdraw their
bills, while all around hung with listening
ear and knowing looks the vultures of the
Legislature, ready to fasten on any material
railroad "bonus" that might come to the
surf açe ; and this afternoon the contest be
tween the poor quartz miners and the office
seekers' ring was inaugurated—a contest
that, through the future history of our Terri
tory, will continue until the men, who, by
disregarding the rights of the people because
they art poor and ragged, deny them a voice
in all questions that affect their material
prosperity and wellfare, will be condemned
and turned over to the scorn and contempt
of the very men they now despise.
The bill providing for certain counties to
subscribe to the stock of a railroad company
came up for discussion Jn the House. The
motion of Mr. Ezekiel to commit the bill to
a select committee of two from each county
mentioned in section 2 of the bill, aftei dis
cussion, was lest.
Rogers, of Deer Lodge, made a motion to
reject* the bill. Upon this motion ensued a
discussion that occupied the entire afternoon
Ezekial argued against the motion in a
forcible manner, insisting that the people of
the respective counties should have a chance
to say by their ow'n votes whether they de
sired the rejection of the railroad.
Mead, of Beaverhead, spoke in opposition
to the bill, and said he would always vote
against railroads ; that no one wanted a rail
road in his county.
Coleman, of Gallatin, insisted that lie was
an agent of the people of Gallatin, and he
proposed to determine what was best for
them, and he was opposed to the bill.
Several other rural members emerged from
their obscurity and declared that they were
not afraid of their constituents.
The Speaker of the House, Rogers, of
Deer Lodge, took the floor, and in a happy
manner recited some of the most sensational
editorials of the Northœe&t, and aired the
opinions of Messrs. Cooley, Dixon & Co.
To the general public, who are not readers
of the Deer Lodge paper, his speech was
original and really refreshing. His position
was that it was irasconstitutional for counties
to take stock ; but his law was the coinage
of a vitiated or diseased legal mind ; liis rea
soning unreal, and his whole effort unworthy
of the occasion and the man.
Sanders replied, and the unanimous senti
ment is that he never made a better speech.
He dispelled the sophistry, crushed the legal
authorities, and tore away the flimsy struc
ture erected by the gentleman from over the
range. His speech was an earnest and effec
tive appeal in behalf of the working men of
the Territory—a manly protest against treat
ing them as not v.'orthy to be trusted—and
declared that from henceforth he wonld not
rest until the foul arid cowardly assault upon
the rights and honor of the poor people of
Montana should be vindicated and justice be
done unto them. It w r as a splendid effort,
and was a complete vindication of the great
enterprise sought to be defeated.
The question was called and the vote stood
as follows : Those voting to reject the bill
were Aiken, Alger, Brown, Coleman, Curtis,
Dean, Emersom, Harrington, Kennedy,
Kerley, Mallory, Mead, McCauley, Sutton,
Tate, and Mr. Speaker. Those voting against
rejection, Carmichael, Chessman, Dnsold,
Ezekial, Hartwell, Heldt, O'Keefe, Sanders
and Stafford.
Thus for fear the people would vote the
stock provided in the bill, it was killed.
Killed because, as is said, the poor men in
the several counties would vote it, whereas
the tax-payers alone ought to vote.
Such is the character of the legislation the
people must expect so long as they send men
to make their law's who are dead to ever y
dictate of justice, and heedless of the rights
of men, because they are unfortunate and
In this contest the Lewis and Clarke dele-
gation evince no fear of the poor men of that
county, but insist that all alike should be
consulted upon this, the greatest and best
enterprise #ver inaugurated in the Territory
of Montana. L. C.
-— «*• ** y* «*»— -
Our San Francisco Letter.
Tlie Modoc Massacre—Funeral Obse
quies of Dr. Thomas—Tribute to the
Memory of Canby—A Stunning San
Francisco Sensation—Gold versus
Greenbacks—Lecture by Prot« W alker
—Alter Ego's Criticism—Southern Pa
cific It. F*.-San Diego—Suicide—A
Montan mu Loaded Down with
"Kock*"-Ddsglitful Weather, Fruits,
San Francisco, April 10, 1873.
Ere this letter can reach you, you will have
heard all the particulars of the treacherous
murder of Gen. Canby and Dr. Thomas by
the Modocs, and the vigorous measures of
Gen. Gillem for the extermination of those
bloody fiends. This subject is now upper
most in the minds of our citizens. A feeling
of bitterness towards the Government, w'hich
is charged with being the cause of these mur
ders, pervades all classes. Gen. Schofield
sent a detachment of troops to aid in sur
rounding the Modocs yesterday, but to-day
we learn they have escaped from the lava
bed, and at last accounts, were in full re
treat to the mountains. Three days of con
stant fighting have, so far as known, resulted
in killing six Indians and wounding as many
more, but the ejection of them from their
stronghold is regarded as the sure precursor
of their destruction. A competent force of
cavalry was in full pursuit of them yesterday.
The body of the Rev. Dr. Thomas arrived
in the city on Friday evening, and his funeral
obsequies were performed by the entire
Methodist clergy of the'city yesterday. More
than seven thousand people were in attend
ance. The entire Masonic fraternity of the
city, numbering perhaps a thousand, escorted
the body to the grave, in the Masonic Ceme
tery, near Laurel Hill. It was perhaps the
most imposing funeral pageant that ever
transpired in this city. The Doctor was
greatly lamented, as well for his unostenta
tious piety, and vigorous, practical life, as
for the manner of his "taking off."
A similar demonstration awaits the arrival
of the remains of the lamented Canby, except
that it will be more of a military character.
Few army officials commanded more of the
respect and affection of the army than Canby.
Of bravery unquestioned, he was mild and
amiable in his general' deportment, and with 1
all the noble qualities of a gallant soldier
united the graces of a Christian gentleman.
The great sensation of the moment is tin*
apparently well established fact that on Good
Friday a young girl in this city was visited
by the Stigmator, or, in other words, was
during a season of temporary illness, marked
in the feet, hands and sides w ith blood marks
resembling scars occasioned by piercing like
those of the Savior. The story is told with
all the seeming accompaniments of truth,
by the priests, w ho were first informed of the
miracle. Several reporters of the city papers
have seen the scars, and the subject is ex
citing a good deal of wonder. To be sure
some are irreligious enough to doubt, and to
express the opinion that the marks were
made by human means, but the majority
rather credit the idea that they are of super
natural origin. The young lady professes
entire ignorance of the manner in which they
were effected, and our doubting Thomases
thereupon have the audacity to intimate that
she was mesmerized by some interested per
son, who took advantage of her unconscious
ness to inflict these marks. Our Catholic
citizens one and all regard the matter as a mir
acle, wrought to give fresh impulse to Cath
olicism. If the thing is a fraud, it is a very
bold one, as the young lady lias been visited
by hundreds, and all testify to the distinct
ness of the scars. If it is a truth, it is a very
suspicious one, and will make more enemies
than converts to a faith which, in this en
lightened age, deems such a phenomenon of
the least importance in the way of establish
ing its verity.
Our stock and commercial men were ad
dressed Thursday last by Prof. Amasa
'Walker, of Harvard College, on the compara
tive merits of gold and greenbacks as a cur
rency. The Professor took the California
view', denounced greenbacks, claimed that
they had been and would continue to be a
curse to the country. A final and tremendous
crash in the Eastern commercial world was
predicted, which California would escape.
California was declared to be the richest of
all the States, and urged to adhere to
her gold currency as the rock of her sal
vation. Her condition w r as pronounced supe
rior to any other in the Union, simply be
cause of the provision against paper. And
yet, in the face of all this, our market is des
titute of money for operations in stock or
commerce. A plain fact it seems to me
shows the fallacy of this gold theory of Prof.
Walker. Soon after the developments of the
Credit Mobelier were made, English capital
ists, w'ho held ten millions in bonds of the
Central Pacific Railroad, alarmed at the dis
honest and fraudulent operations of Ames,
insisted upon their redemption. The Presi
dent of the road, as the story goes, exiled
upon a leading capitalist of this city for aid,
offering the bonds as security for the money.
He obtained it, but in doing so, withdrew
from tlie monitary circulation just ten mil
lions of gold and silver. Our market could
not stand so large a draw', all at once, with
out corresponding depreciation hr business.
Stocks began immediately to decline, and
have been declining ever since. Now', were
w e favored with a greenback currency, these
bonds, which are locked up in the vaults of
the bank as security, could be hypothecated,
so as to obtain capital enough to organize a
bank which w'ould supply the hiatus in the
circulation. As it is, they are useless. All
oî Prof. Walker's fine spun theories cannot
meet and overcome an exigency like this.
The people of Southern California are
greatly excited at the prospect of an early
completion of the Southern Pacific Railroad.
San Diego has already put on the airs of a
metropolis. Lots eligibly located there arc
offered for sale in our market, and, possess
ing the only harbor on tlie coast south of San
Francisco, she has a fair prospect for rapid
grow th in commercial importance. There is
no country, however, susceptible of cultiva
tion, within thirty miles of the city. It is an
interminable sand desert.
A son of Governor Dennison, of Ohio,
committed suicide here yesterday, lie was a
Lieutenant in the Navy of fair promise, but
given to occasional excess in drinking. Ilis
wife, living in this city, had, during the voy
age from which he just returned, determined
upon a divorce, and so informed him by letter
upon his arrival. Ife endeavored to concili
ate her through a friend, and blew his brains
out when informed that it w as without suc
Chinese immigration continues at the rate
of 1,200'per month. Forty thousand China
men in this city live in four hundred houses.
Thus they live, make money, spend nothing
here, and will not be buried here. Is not tlie
subject one that promises to become inextri
cable ?
The epizootic has arrived, but in much
milder form than it was in the Eastern cities.
As yet it has not materially affected the busi
ness operations of the city.
You recollect Captain Gleason, who lived
in Montana several years ago. He was, I be
lieve, one of the first discoverers of El Dorado
Bar. He is now in this city with his pockets
literally "full of rocks," having returned a
few,weeks ago from a successful jew el hunt
ing expedition into Arizona. He has about
forty pounds of stones which have all the
qualities of the finest Spinel Rubies. Some
of them are very large—one pronounced by
our lapidaries to be worth a million. He in
tends going to Europe with them, and if, ftS
claimed, they are the genuine article, Captain
Gleason will doubless realize an immense
The weather is delightful. The market is
glutted with strawberries, oranges, bananas
and other delicious fruits.

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