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1 m I i I w t.t sc Volume 7. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 15, 1873. No. 25 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. « -itv ?hihsorib<*r«, delivered by Carrier, per month, £t 00 One copy one month............................00 On« copy three month«......................... 6 00 Owe copy «ix month«............................H 00 On? copy one year...............................2t 00 THRMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year............ Six month«......... Three month«....... D. W. FISK,* A. J. FISK. I ....... Ç6 00 ....... 4 00 ........2 50 THE WEEKLY HERALD ri: BUSHED EVEKT TIIl'IWDAT MORNING. FISK BEOS., Publishers f'licup Transportation Convention. New York, May 7.— The cheap transpor tation convention, this afternoon, after con siderable discussion, adopted an extremely lengthy set of resolutions setting forth that the productive industries of the United »States are necessary to national and indi vidual existence ; that cheap transportation for people and commodities is an absolute necessity, and that the great duty of the hour is to obtain relief from the present rates, and to that end h is the duly of this association to obtain from Congress and the different .State Legislatures such legislation as may be necessary to control and limit by law within proper constitutional and legitimate power the rates and charges on existing lines for transportation, to increase, where practicable, the capacity of our present water ways, and add such new avenues, both by water and rail, as our immensely increasing interna tional commerce demands. Certain leading railroad corporations of the country, although chartered to subserve the public welfare, and endowed with the right of eminent domain solely for that reason, bare proved them selves practically monopolies, and become the tools of avaricious and unscrupulous capitalists to be used to plunder the public, cuvich themselves, and impoverish the coun try through which they run ; that many rail road corporations have not only disregarded the public convenience and prosperity, but have oppressed our citizens, bribed our Leg islatures, defiled our executives and judges, and stand to-day the most menacing danger to our agricultural liberty and to republican government ; that the present system, bv its management, having failed to get the just expression and demand of a long suffering people, must be radically reformed and con trolled by the strong hand of the law, both .State and national, and railroad corporations compelled to perform their proper functions as servants, not masters, of the people ; that to this end aid is invoked from all fair-minded men in all States of the Union in excluding from the halls of legislation, from executive offices, and from the bench, all such railway officials, railway attorneys, or other hirelings as prostitute the public offices to the base uses of private gain. A committee, with Jos. Quincy, of Boston, as chairman, was appointed to prepare an address to the people. The convention ad- journed to meet in Washington in January, 1874, at the call of the executive committee. -------- ^ 44 I — I - The Indian Question. Washington, May 6.—A Commission will shortly be sent to negotiate with the Sioux and other Indians on the reservation in south western Dakota, for a modification of the treaty of 1863, so as to withdraw from the Indians the privilege of hunting outside of their reservations. The Commission will consist of three or four persons, and the Board of Indian Commissioner« will probably name the chairman. New York, May 6.—The Board of Indian Commissioners unanimously adopted a report yesterday on the President's Indian policy. After speaking of the causes which led to the revolt of the Modocs, and often previously published, the Commissioners alluding to the assassination of General Canby and Peace Commissioner Thomas say : A treachery so base admits of no palliation, nor can any punishment meted out to the perpetrators of the crime be too severe. It is held, howeyer, that the 3Iodoc. war cannot be charged against the President's peace policy ; and it is also affirmed that the misdeeds of individual Indi ans or bands should not be charged against the innocent or upon the race. The red man has no friends to take his side of the story. No degree of exaggeration or falsehood is too gross to be unhesitatingly accepted by the public mind against him. The report says it has never been the expectation of the friends of the Indian policy that it would iu the short period of a few years civilize the savage tribes, nor could it be expected to bring the red man in three years to become as free from crime as the white. It is the opponents of the policy wiio expect the Indian to be more free from criminality than the people of our most civilized communities. Four years of trial has proved the peace policy to be a success, and with the exception of a contest wiih a few bands of Apaches, and the present unhappy struggle with a handful °f Modoc braves, the country has been saved from Indian wars. Christian denominations are invited to co-operate, and then the most mvetei ate Indian haters will hardly venture t° complain of the policy or the result. „ ----- ^ »» m --- A New York paper wants to know why it ls "drowning men catch at straws." We don't know that they do. We have seen a number of gentlemen drown, but those of them who had any preference at all, seemed to be prejudiced'in favor of a plank. We non t remember ever being asked for a straw *} a gentleman who was drowning, and it is just as well, perhaps, liecausc we never carry one with us. * ATTE9IPTTO KESCPE A MVROEUER Tlic Rescuer shot and Killed. From the Sacramento Union, April 17. A flaring attempt was made at half-past one o'clock this morning to rescue Charles Mortimer, the murderer of Mrs. Gibson, from the County Jail. The effort was frus trated and the principal actor killed by the vigilance and decision of Deputy Sheriff Manuel L. Cross, who w r as on duty at that hour. On the west side of the jail is an open court or jail yard about 80 feet square, which is surrounded by a brick wall 20 feet high. A man, whose name is believed to he Flinn, sealed the wall by means of a ladder taken from a grocery store in the vicinity, leaving his hat and boots on the outside. To accom plish this feat he placed the ladder on the west side of the wall in the rear of an un occupied building where his movements could not be discovered from the street. Having reached the top of the w'all he passed to the roof of a shed in the jail yard, used as a boiler house, and lowered himself by means of a stout wire guy, attached to the smoke stack, which had extended across it, but which he broke off at one end. This much was accomplished without alarming in any manner the jailer on guard. The main hall of the jail imwhich the cells are located is connected with the yard by a doorway, w hich is closed by a heavy iron cross-bar door on the inside and a w.oodcn door on the outsider The iron door was locked and the wooden door closed but not locked. Deputy Sheriff Cross was inside of the jail, when the bell was rung from the door which opens from the court to the open yard on I street. The otlicers, it appears, had some reasons for ex treme caution, fearing the possibility of an attempt to rescue the prisoner. Cross un locked the inner door, and with his revolver pushed the wooden door open suddenly, but saw no one in the yard, lie cautiously step ped forward and looked along the w'all of the building in each direction, but still saw no one. He then started to go across the yard to the gate, a distance of sixty feet. When about ten feet from the door he glanced his eye backward and saw a man without a hat, and w ith his face masked with a white hand kerchief, advancing from around the corner of the building. He had covered the officer with a pistol, and commenced some excla mation or sentence which was not understood. Cross instantly wheeled and fired, dropping on his knee at the same time to dodge the ball of his adversary. Flinn staggered but still kept on his feet, and moved toward the door as though to gain access to the jail. Cross fired a second shot which also seemed to take effect. Flinn still kept on his feet and passed into the jail, running across the hall directly to Mortimer's cell, which was about sixty feet from the door. As he reached the cell he grasped at the wicket, but fell and died in a few minutes. One ball had taken effect in the right side and one in the mouth. A purse was found on his person containing $27.80. The principal reason for believing that this man is a brother of Mor timer is that he had several keys on a fiat steel, on which was engraven "William J. Flinn, Lynn, Mass." On the arm of Morti mer the name of "Charles Flinn" is marked in India ink. lie had been to see Mortimer two or three times since his iucarcerotian. On his person were found two revolvers and a knife. One of the pistols was a Colt's five shooter, and the other a Wesson seven shooter. It has been ascertained that this man has been stopping at the City Hotel on K street under the name of Williams. The jailers seem to think that Flinn had no ac complices in his daring undertaking, and that he rang the bell by reaching the w ire in the yard. On the other hand, there are reports that several men were seen to run away from the vicinity when the shooting took place. The intention was no doubt to have subdued or killed the jailer, and then to have secured the keys with which to have effected Mortimer's release. The Daily New Mexican -, published at Santa Fe, in English and Spanish, says that the San Juan country is beinjs; rapidly* settled up outside of the reservation. In regard to mining operations, it says they would have been extensive this season had not a War De partment order warned miners off the Indian reservation. "A general confidence," it says, "is felt in the richness of the mines, and if it bad not been for this order, thou sands of men would have been at work dur ing the coming summer, and scores of mills and reduction furnaces would have been iu operation. A number of mills and furnaces are already on the ground, but dare not enter in the face of the Government order." The Indians w ould never work mines, and if it is really true that there are rich deposits of the precious metal in their domain, some arrange ment must be made for the legitimate work ing of the mines. Let the Government pro tect the miners, and in return exact a royalt}' ,for the benefit of the aboriginal proprietors. An enraptured Texan editor thus gives his impressions of the opera: "The aroma of violets exudes from it as though every note were an odorous petal whose exquisite scent is carried to tbc finer nerves of the brain upon the balmy air of sound, dying away in melodious and evanescent falls, and swelling with the richness of perfumed life into being again, until the soul.is wrapped in a mantle of sensuous delight that makes it faint with rapture." If a common opera affects him thus, what would be the result if he should see Miss Neilsson as Juliette, to bo followed by doses of Le Ulercq, Thompson, Weathers bee, Aimee, and so on down to those of homoeopathic size? The post offices which give tbG department most trouble are those of which the salary is $12 per annum. The appointees generally hold office until they draw their first quarterly salary of $8, and then resign. *1 here are about 8,000 of them. some Remarkable dices Playing. The chess club at Sheffield, England, has been excited of late over the mental feat of Mr. Blackburne, who fought ten strong play ers at the same time, and without the sight of either board or men. Mr. Blackburne, though only thirty years of age, occupies a very distinguished position among the En glish chess-players, and it is a singular fact that he is most successful when thé board and men are kept from his view. His oppo ponents, on this occasion, were seated at ta bles extending nearly the whole length of the room, while he sat near the fire with his back to the boards, calmly smoking a cigar, and occasionally conversing with a bystander. Play commenced at half past fire, and was continued until midnight, with an interval of fifteeen minutes' rest, when the contest had lasted two hours. At first the audience seemed afraid to move or speak, lest they should disturb the memory of Mr. Black burne, but they were informed by him that he did not mind a noise, and sor the re mainder of the evening the room was any thing else but quiet. The general result of the contest was that Mr. Blackburne won six games, drew two, and lest two. Of the al lies, the losers were Mr. Brown, who resigned at the 18th move ; Mr. Champion, who gave up at the 24th ; Mr. Cockayne, to whom Mr. Blackburne announced mate in four; Mr. Huckvale, who was mated on the 27th; Mr. Goodwin, who resigned on the 27th, there be ing an immediate mate; and Mr. Davy, who succumbed at the 30th move. The draw games were with W. Cackavnc and H. Davy, each at the 26th move. The winners were Mr. Rossell and Mr. Whitman, to whom 3Ir. Blackburne resigned, the former at the 33d move aud the latter at the 35th. The ten and has some reputation as a chess-player, being himself able to conduct four simulta neous games blindfold. Mr. Blackburne was loudly applauded at the close, and indeed several times during the match, especially when he demonstrated the announced mate in four. The Arizona. Indian Campaign* The following is the manner in which General Crook speaks of the campaign against the Indians of Arizona: "The operation of the troops in ibis de- partment in the late campaign against the Apaches, entitle them to a reputation second to none in the annals of Indian warfare. In the face of obstacles heretofore considered insurmountable, encountering rigorous cold in the mountains, followed in quick succes- sion by the intense heat and arid wastes of the desert, not uufrequently at dire extremi- ties for want of water to quench their pro- longed thirst, and when their animals were stricken by pestilence, or the country became too rough to be traversed by them, they left them, and harrying on their own backs such meagre supplies as they might, they persist- ently followed on; and, plunging unexpect- edly into chosen positions in lava beds, «aves and canyons, they have outwitted and beaten the wiliest of foes with but slight loss, com- paratively, to themselves, and finally, closed an Indian war that has been waged since the days of Cortez." --— 44 ICI M ------ Tl»e Lndieron*» In Palciils. Speaking of combinations, he must have come trom Missouri or Kansrs who asked for a patent for a combination of cannon and plow. For this purpose he filed three appli cations, making the' elongated handles hol low, so as to form two cannon. These were to be kept loaded till the guerrillas were after him; the guerrillas shot down, and the farmer to go on his way rejoicing. Another asked for a patent for the inven tion of the generation of steam, by boring a hole into the ground till he reached the wa ters that are boiled by the internal fires of earth. He set forth among the advantages of his plan, that there would be no danger of explosions, no expense for fuel, no necessity of engineers, all of which statements are un doubtedly true. It must have been a relative of this last gentleman, and one equally well acquainted with the laws that govern the hidden heart of this planet, "who applied for a patent for boring the earth for artesian wells for pur poses of irrigation. He gravely set forth that he made the discovery that quicksilver was heavier than the common earth. He therefore proposed to start a hole and to empty into it a little mercury. By the laws of nature that mercury would be sure to work its way downward till it struck water, and the water would then be sure to work its wav upward till it struck air. ! -- I— M ►* w * ---- Use ef a Receipt.« In the city of Halifax there dwelt a law yer. crafty, subtile aud as cute as a fox. An Indian of the Miamic tribe, named Simon, owed him some money. The lawyer had waited long for the tin. His patience at last gave out, and he threatened the Indian with faw suits, processes and executions. The 'poor' red man got scared and brought the money to his creditor. The Indian waited, expecting the lawyer would write a receipt. "What are you waiting for ?" said the lawyer. "Receipt," said the Indian. "A receipt," said the lawyer, "receipt? Can you understand the nntiwe of a receipt ? Ten me the use of one, and I will give it to you. The Indian looked at him a moment, aud then said: "S'pose maybe me tile ; me go to bobbdu; me find the gates locked; me see the 'postle Peter ; he say, 'Simon, what you want ?' Me say, 'want to get in.' He say. 'you pay Mr. J. his money.' What me do ? Me hab no receipt ; hab to hunt all ober hell to tiud yon. He got the receipt. a The Siberian Pacific Railroad—4.200 Utiles in Length« It is announced that the construction of the Russian Trans-continental Railroad, to con- nect the Baltic with the Pacific, through Siberia, will be commenced as soon as ar- rangements can be made, and probably be- fore the end of this year. It will commence at Nijiri-Novgorod, in the Volga—in the basin of the Caspian—600 miles from St. Petersburg, in latitude 56 degrees, and run in an eastward direction 600 miles to the summit of the Ural chain, and 250 more in the same direction to Novolsk ; thence east southeast- ward through Tomsk aud Krasnogarsk 1,500 miles to Irkoutsk, on Lake Baikal, in latitude 53 degrees ; thence the route to the Pacific, a distance of 1,500 miles, will be determined by survey yet to be made. Such is the general project,* but no working surveys between Novgorod and Irkoutsk have yet been made, and The plans may yet be altered. The total distance to be built is about 4,200 miles, and of this distance more than 3,000 miles will be north of latitude 50 degrees, and much of the distance in the basin of the Arctic ocean, north of the Altai mountains, and at a con- siderable elevation above the sea, so that it is almost certain the road will be closed to travel for five months in the year in some part of its route by snow and ice. The Pacific terminus will probably be at Alexandreffsky, on the Japanese sea, in latitude 40 degrees— that place being the chief port of Manchooria since the transfer of the government offices from Nicolaiefisk, on the Amoor river. Noth- ing is said of the time when the road is to be finished, and a long time will elapse, as the work will advance only from the West. Its completion, however, when it does come, will be a great benefit to the coasts and commerce of the North Pacific .—Alta California. -- «4 -4^^. ►* - Weighing the Evidence« The New Orleans Picayune is responsible for the following: A short time since a worthy magistrate of that city had rather a difficult question to decide, in the solution of which he struck out a path hitherto unknowrn in j urisprudcnce. It seems that twelve negroes appeared before him, each one of whom swore positively that himself and the other eleven had done a certain amount of work on a steamboat, aud was entitled thereby to wages. It was a steady streak, each one of the dozen swearing precisely the same. On the other side appeared the mate of the boat and eleven deck hands, who all twelve swore directly aud point blank to an opposite state of the facts to those testified to by the twelve plaintiffs. Here the evidence closed, leaving the Judge to make up his mind. His Honor scratched his head, looked w ise, pondered a few moments, and then said: "The law makes it the duty of the court, when in doubt, to weigh the evidence. I shall proceed to do so in this case. You, (turning to one of the suing party,) take your crowd over to Mr. — store and have them weighed, and bring me a cestificate of their weight from the clerk. And you, (turning to the mate,) do the same with yourself and witnesses. This court must make up a judgment somehow." The man- date of the court was obeyed ; the contestants appeared w ith their respective certificates, the mate's party outweighing the other by nine pounds, which was sufficient to turn the scales of justice, for judgment was given for the boat. --- m ♦< c i I» e r -- Tl»u Primeval Forest« The Tulare Times of April 12th has this reference to one of its resources : About forty miles fron Visalia, and about twenty-five miles from the foot hills, between the North Fork of the Middle Fork of the Kaweah and the Middle Fork, is situated a "pinery" of the finest timber to be found anywhere in the Sierras. The forest is ap parently inexhaustible in extent, while the trees are large, tall, free from limbs, and un surpassed in everything going to make good, clear lumber. The principal variety is sugar pine—the best for lumber in the world. This extensive and valuable forest has never yet been marred by the ax of man. As it stood centuries ago, it now stands, "the forest primeval." But the time has come when it, in common with our numberless other unde veloped sources of wealth, should be devel oped aud made subservient to the interests of human progress ia this great valley. We understand that but a comparatively small outlay would be required to construct a pass able wagon road into this pinery. The ma chinery of a saw mill thereat could be pro pelled by water power, and the running ex penses would of course be light. With a mill at this point a flume could be constructed down the Kaweali, and lumber could be floated at no expense whatever right down to the plains. A recent lumberman's circular estimates the number of railroad ties in present use in the United Stales at 150,000,000. A cut of 200 ties to the acres is above rather than un der the average, and it therefore has required the product of 750,000 acres of well timbered land to furnish the supply. Railroad ties lpt about five years; consequently 80,000,000 ties are used annually for repairs, taking the timber from 150,000 acres. The manufac ture of rolling stock disposes of the entire yield of 350,000 acres, and fuel supply of nearly 500,000 acres more, every year. It appears, then, that our railroads are stripping the country at the rate of 1,000,000 acres per annum ; and their demands arc rapidly in creasing. The accounts of Mme. Adelina Patti's ben efit at St. Petersburg recently present the Em peror Alexandria iu an entirely new' light. His Majesty went on the stage and, vvith his own hands, offered the heroine of the eve ning » diamond coronet representing wild roses. At the inspiring sight of the Czar of all the Russias making a present on the pub lic boards to an undoubtedly charming prima donna, the royal audience rose as one man and applauded, w hether the Emperor, or the prima donna, or the homage done by the former to the latter, does not appear. PERSONAL. —Jay Gould is set down at $23,006,000. ' —Queen Victoria is a pattern of punctu ality. —'Mr. "Ginx" Jenkins studied law iu Phil adelphia. —Vice President Wilson opposes capital punishment, but is sound on all other points. —Mr. Clement Bates has rung the town bell in Plymouth, Mass., four times a day for forty-two years. —The correspondence regarding Jerome Bonaparte's marriage w ith Miss Patterson is to be made public. —John Hopkins, the richest man in Mary land, has just given $4,000,000 to found a hospital at Baltimore. —Rev. Henry Ward Beecher has begun his course of lectures upon theology before tho students of Yale College. —That stoiy about the death of the daugh ter of President Thiers is said to be a hoax. He never had a daughter. —The statement that Prince Gortschakoff was about to retire on account of advanced age is declared to be unfounded. —James L. Ridgley, Grand Secretary of the United States Grand Lodge of Odd Fel lows, is dangerously ill at Baltimore. —The Marquis of Bute has refused to grant the tenantry of his estates an extension of the time for the payment of their rents. —Sam. II. Elbert, the new Governor of Colorado, was greeted w ith a most enthusias tic reception on his arrival at Denver. —Governor John G. Bagley, of Michigan, is rich aud honored, but began life poor, and has nobody to thank but himself for his suc cess. —Governor Hoffman writes from Flor ence : "I do not believe I can ever again be induced to take a part in the game of poli tics." —A man at Sandy Hill, N. Y., holds a note against General Washington for $1,500, for supplies furnished for the Revolutionary army. —Frederick A. Lane, of Erie notoriety, and more recently notorious in connection with his attempts to form a ring to manipu late Boston, Hartford and Erie stock, 1ms been ignominiously expelled from the Century Club. j__ How to be Nobody« The following rules are full of the severe irony of truth. Strictly obeyed, they will secure to boy or young man the bitterest failure that his worst enemy could wish : Spend your leisure time on a whisky bar rel. Drink as much as you can pay for or get others to pay for, or get on credit. Smoke cigars on the same ratio. Master the intrica cies of dominoes, billiards and checkers; above all things, make yourself an adept at card playing. Chess, the game of an intel ligent young man who foolishly desires to be somebody, you should eschew'. Don't read anything except the dime nov els of the day. Cultivate the impression that women like to be insulted, and that all men are thieves. If you should ever become con scious of a decent emotion—to which weak ness, alas! the most of us are liable at odd moments—crush it out with a little im promptu blackguardism, or drow n it iu a horn of whisky. Make fun of your mother behind her back, and never think—because thinking is dangerous—of how much she has done for you. Cheat your father, and borrow your sister's little savings. Do these things and whatever else vile and worthless that may suggest itself to you, and your ambition will be sated. You shall stag ger and swagger through life, too insignifi cant to be despised, aud tumble into your grave almost too loathsome to be pitied. "Live and Let Live«'» A New' York pick-pocket makes the fol lowing appeal to the public through a public print of that city. Similar complaints may be expected from our local thieves and bur glars most any time : Sir :—Please advise your readers always to leave their names and addresses iu their pocket-books. It frequently happens in our business that we come in possession of porte monnaies containing private letters and pho tographs which we would be glad to return, but we have no means of doing so. It is dangerous to carry them about, so we are forced to destroy them. I Temember an in stance where I met with serious trouble be cause I could not make up my mind to de stroy a picture of a baby which I had found in the pocket-book of a gentleman, which came into my hands in the way of business on the Third avenue road. I had lost a baby myself, the year befor of the same age as this one, and I worn »ave given all I had for such a picture. ' iere was no name in the porte-monnaie, aud no way of findin out who was the owner, and so like a fool advertised it and got shadowed for it by the police. Tell your readers U> give us a fair show to be decent—and always leave their addresses in their pocket-books. We want to live and let live. Yours, truly, A PICKPOCKET. -—I nsi ■ The editor of the Minneapolis Tribune says: "The éditer of the 'Tribune is widely acquainted with American daily journalists, knowing hundreds of them in all departments of the profession, aud he is not able to name three Evangelical Christians among them all. In the list mteht be mentioned aide and ac complished editors in New York, Philadel phia, Baltimore, Washington, New Haven, Hartford, Providence, Boston, Utica, Roch ester, Buffalo, Cleveland, Pittsburg, Cin cinnati, St. Louis, Detroit, Chicago, Madison, Milwaukee, St. Paul, and many »mailed cities in different States. We doubt if any other E rofession or guild can be named, whose uudred most conspicuous members will be found standing so uniformly Outside of the limits of the Evangelical Church.