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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
ft. E. FISK, ■ ■ • ■ Editor. THOISDAY, MAY 15, 18t3. A PLAIN STATEMENT. The Deer Lodge maliçnants before the Assembly adjournment, kept the wires busy for a few dayB, hoping to induce the repre sentatives from that county to commit 7iari lcari , and refuse to permit the citizens of the East Side to build a railroad, if they so de sired. Full of envy and hate, the malignants implored the representatives from Deer Lodge to refuse to allow the people of the East Side to aid in the construction of a railroad. They had no responsibility, and they trusted to be able to use the fingers of Messrs. Kerley, Dance, Aikin, Alger and Dean to pull their chestnuts out of the fire. If the ultimate condemnation of the people at such insolence should be visited on these representatives, the malignants felt sure that that condemnation would not condescend to notice their motives, and the ruin of their own friends was of no importance to them if they could satiate their revenge on men who never harmed them, but who were compelled to be witnesses of their folly, insolence and pride. The men who vote against submitting a proposition of business to counties which they do not represent, of course have no fu ture, and deserve none. . Messrs. Dance, Owen, Hass, Askin, Alger, Kerley and Dean know this, and do not care to go into history as advocates of such folly. They say, as all must say, "this is a busi ness transaction, and if thoße counties think it a wise thing to do so, we know of no justi fiable function of a Deer Lodge County Repre sentative to prevent them. They are our equals and friends, not our foes. Let them do as they please." Who would say less is a cur of very low degree. For this action—the act of gentlemen answering the behests of common decency—the west-side papers (the Missoulian conspicuously and honorably ex cepted) pour the vials of their puerile wrath upon the heads of honorable gentlemen. We greatly misjudge the west-side people if such a course does not meet with a rebuke such as the Northwest and Independent seldom get. The cause moves on, and already the Rail road enterprise is an assured success. SEIFKAGE. Our Lewis and Clarke delegation voted to override the Governor's veto on the amend ment to the election law. They inform us that by the law, female suffrage is provided for those ladies of Montana who had the good luck to be born in foreign countries, and who here declare their intention to be come citizens of the United States. The section of the election law, as amended, reads as follows : "All male citizens of the United States, above the age of twenty-one years and all pertone of the same age w r bo have declared their intention to become such citizens shall be entitled to vote." It is pre sumed that the good ladies of Montana, of foreign birth, will declare their intentions, and vote at the election next August. AWiKD OF INDIAN CONTRACTS* Contracts for supplying the several Indian agencies in Montana with beef and bacon for the .year commencing July 1, 1873, were awarded on the 1st inst. by the Purchasing Committee of the Peace Commissioners, at their office in New York. The awards for supplies other than beef and bacon, if made, are not yet publicly announced : Beef—C. A. Broadwater, 150,000 pounds, to be delivered at the Milk River Agency, at $2.45 per 100; Nelson Story, 70,000 pounds, to be delivered at Blackfeet Agency, at $2.33 per 100, and 225,000 pounds, to be delivered at the Crow Agency at the same rate. Bacon—Bleig & Co., Sioux City, 150,000 pounds at Milk River Ageucy, at 10£ cents per pounds ; Nelson Story 25,000 pounds at Blackfoot Agency, at 13 cents per pound, and 80,000 pounds at Crow Agency at same rate. Report reaches us that the awards for flour, sugar, coffee, etc., were made on the second inst., but the names of the successful bidders have not transpired. A gentleman from I)cer Lodge this morn ing expressed to us his determination to re move with his property to one of the railroad counties if the road is built, specifying Lewis and Clark or Jefferson, saying the advantages to accrue from the* road will greatly overbalance any apprehended in crease of taxes by reason of the subscription. That this will be the result in a multitude of instances we do not doubt at all. The West Side, we fear, will be yet more depopulated, amtil they too have a road, which they must build to save population and property. The Lewis and Clarke Legislative delega tion, consisting of Lawrence, Bullock, San ders, Chessman, Dusold, Hartwell and Heldt, are now all arrived in Helena, and are re ceiving an ovation of popular approval such as is seldom accorded to public servants. Their record on the railroad question is a no ble one, and, with their Democratic allies who voted with them to submit that propo sition to the people, they will be gratefully remembered and rewarded by their rejoicing and thankful constituents. Capt. Mouland, the brave captain of the Cunard steamer Batavia, who gallantly res cued thé crew of a foundered bark at sea last winter, and received therefor a gold medal from the British Humane Society, has been visiting Mark Twain at Hartford. the other message. A mock Legislature wafc convened in ex traordinary session at Deer Lodge recently. The Governor (by proxy) appeared and read his message.^ After felicitating the country on the advanced condition of the bunch grass, the prospective deliverance at an early day of the people from the whoop ing cough and the stage stock from the epi zootic, the Governor proceeded to shake up the Code Commission in a lively manner. By way of parenthesis, he remarked that, having publicly reprimanded the Commission as a body, he deemed it politic to address to the West Side Codifier a private message apolo gizing for including him in his official cen sure, which was only done to pull the wool over the eyes of the people and give his state paper the air of consistancy. Further than this, to make sure of doing no violence to the feelings of this particular member of the Commission, he had, at the expense of much self-respect and the cost of some gov ernment postage stamps and stationery, pri yately communicated with said Codifier's particular personal friends, informing them separately that if he had unintentionally committed a wrong in the premises for which he was sorry, he wasn't glad of it, and if he was ever caught in doing the like again in public he would promptly make the most ample private reparation, as in this case he had endeavored to do. Further still, it was not generally known that he himself had signed the Code report without reading it, which he should not have done, and was, therefore, even more culpable than the Com mission, but the people generali}' had not discovered that fact, and if he could help it he didn't intend they should. Finally, this personal message must be held to be strictly confidential , as the Helena Hekai.d and other newspapers in Montana (excluding his beloved personal organ at Deer Lodge) had repeatedly and not without cause charged him with deception, and stultification, and other odious offenses, which made him ap pear the merest pigmy of a man and officer, when in reality he was the biggest and high est in Montana. Following this explanatory interpolation on personal account, his Excellency, accord ing to notes furnished us by a special re porter, proceeded to discuss the railroad question, desiring his friends to understand that he should interpose the entire bulk of his Executive dead weight between the people and the North and South locomotive cow catcher, and should thus effectually blockade that road—conditioned upon his demands upon the Northern Pacific company for a lucrative position being complied with. As a rule, he was opposed to railroads, anyhow, and he had lobbied, and log-rolled, and ve toed with much gusto against allow ing the people to vote on propositions of this nature, thus making his voluntary promise to Mr. Rice good, and establishing a record that ought to hurry up his appointment from the corporation with whom he was trying to deal understandingly and harmoniously. Without his identification in some prominent position with that enterprise he seriously doubted^ whether it would ever amount to much, if, indeed, it was ever carried forward to com pletion into and beyond Montana. He -was led to this impression by a little experience of his own in past life. The rural town in which he had lived in the States at one time conceived the idea that a railroad and telegraph line would be a good thing to have in the community, and he thought so too, until his fellow'-citizens, fail ing to consult him or to mention his name in connection with the undertaking, had shown to his satisfaction that the scheme w'as an improvement for which the burg was not prepared, and he was successful in dis couraging the threatened innovation upon the pastoral life of his people. After an absence of nearly tw r o yeay, he had visited his home in America, and he rejoiced that the old town wore the familiar garb of other days, nor w'erc any of the ancient landmarks obliter ated to give place to the desecrating improve ments of our modern civilization. No loco motive's shriek disturbed the quiet repose of that delightfully sequestered elysium ; no telegraph wire shocked the good country folks with the startling sensations flashed to this mountain land. The w'hole aspect was one of profound peace, contentment, and rest, which to one who had enjoyed these blessings once, had more impressed him w ith their loveliness and fitness after a boisterous seige in public life. This picture the Governor drew to show, first, the futility of inaugurating or trying to push ahead internal improvements without either his sanction of or identification with the same; and second, the undesirableness of breaking in upon the established order of things, to which the country was acustomed and the people had become attached. His Excellency, briefly referring to other matters of public concern, closed with the assurance that he should be further heard from at another extraordinär}' Legislative session which he expected soon to convene. Mb. Tom P. Ochiltree has been appointed United States Marshal for the Eastern District of Texas. Mr. Ochiltree was a general in the Confederacy, bat at the close of the rebellion accepted the situation. He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in Phila delphia. A Louisville paper warns its readers that the sidewalks in that city abound in holes "the size of a lady's foot," and hr another column says that a boy six years old fell into one of them. LETTER FROM INDIANA. Speculation-Paper Castle*-The Labor quMtion-DlicuHion of Indian Mat ter»-Tippecanoe Battle Ground Amendment to tbe Indiana Criminal Law, etc* Lafayette, Ind., May 1st, 1873. To the Editor of the Herald. Circumstances beyond my control still hold me within the limits of Hoosierdom, and while in many respects pleasant, yet the cli mate and weather being so different and the many ills with which the people of the States are subject to, owing to the sudden changes and miasma with which the atmosphere is impregnated, robs a visitor from our healthy and invigorating climate of many of those pleasures incident to the comforts secured here, and which time will yet give Montana. There is seemingly great prosperity in the States, great and rapid improvements being made, real estate speculations being largely indulged in, (especially in Chicago and In dianapolis), transfers being made daily, each at an advance over the transactions of a few days previous, but an examination of the transactions in most instances, I think, will rob them of the apparent w'ealtli they repre sent, as the transfers show little money, but plenty of paper and mortgages. A financial disturbance like '57, or much less than that, would cause a tumbling of paper cattles , and shake the country from one end of it to the other. The people are extravagant in their dress and living as well as ideas, spending that which they have not got, importing largely in excess of exports, and adding daily to an indebtedness in Europe, which U. S. bonds or othsr paper will not always pay. A reckoning day must come, when the bal ance on the wrong side will have to be met. The bullion product of the Pacific coast qnd Western Territories, which has largely added to the credit of the country, and without which the country would have been hope lessly bankrupt long ago, together with the products of the States, still leave us largely in debt. The agitation of farm laborers and of the poorer classes of England are but indica tions that will have yet to be met here. "Sturdy old Ben Wade" may live to see large accessions of converts to his views and advo cacy of agrarianism, and the way may yet be found, through agitation and discussion, by which a solution of these questions may be reached and the excesses of tue French Communists, or the violations of social and moral ideas by the Mormons be avoided. "We may be happy yet." The views ex pressed in President Grant's inaugural may soon be realized. The millenium may not be so far distant, and, although not expect ing to be an eye-witness, I should like to look upon the typical American w'hen the reduc tion of the conglomerates are gathered, after their distribution at Babel, and the perfection arrived at.which amalgamation now points to, who, with all his imperfections, I think I would prefer to the original "Red." I sup pose we might look for him about Lincoln, Neb., in the course of time, as they claim to be the centre of the United »States, or Seward's prophecy in regard to St. Paul may yet be fulfilled by the accession of the British posessions. The contribution from Montana would no doubt be interesting. The Indian question is being largely dis cussed, and the death of Canby and Thomas will, I hope and feel, destroy the glamour and false ideals that the people of the East have formed of the Indian, and lead to a policy of justice to all, be they red, yellow, or, last but not least, white. The massacre did not surprise or shock me to the extent I witnessed here. The victims being a Peace Commissioner and a General, while more prominent and a loss to the coun try generally, is after all only a distinction, not a difference, from the humbler ones w'ho are buried all over our Territories, testifying to the treachery and rapacity of the Indians, be they Modocs, Sioux, or Piegans. Gen. Crook has shown the humane and true policy in Arizona. Gen. Connor showed it on Bear river against Pocotaligo. It was shown in this State by Gen. Harrison Gd years ago. We can illy spàrc such men as Canby, but if his death is the cause of a bet ter understanding of Indian character by the people of the East, and brings a rigorous policy for tbe prompt fulfillment of our own obligations to the Indian, and the prompt punishment for the least outbreak or dissat isfaction amongst them, the loss will be amply repaid. I was one of a car load who escorted Gov. Hendricks and other State officials to the Tippecanoe battle ground, they constituting a committee appointed by an act of the Leg islature to supervise the erection of an iron fence around the grounds. There are about 17 acres in the tract given to the State by Gen. Tipton, one of the survivors of the en gagement. He was the only officer not killed m his company, of which he was Ensign or Third Lieutenant The title of General he acquired in later years. The appropriation is sufficient to put a splendid wrought iron fence around it, and to restore a historic spot to a position com mensurate with the results which flowed from the success gained over the Indians there. I witnessed two criminal trials here, in which, under the law passed by the Legisla ture last winter, the accused were allowed to testify in their own behalf. The first waa for murder, and the accused was acquitted. The other was a petit larceny, with the same result; but from what I could see or learn the testimony of tbe accused had but little weight, unless confirmed by other strong tes timony. It is yet an experiment and only slightly tested, as these two cases were, in the opinion of everyone with whom I con versed, a foregone result* of acquittal. The May parties projected for to-day were met with lowering clouds and a storm lasting until about noon. The skies are'now bright and clear, and spring seems at this late day to assert her rights and prerogatives, and with hopes for her continued success, I remain, V MACK, Our Jefferson City Letter. County Financial Affair*—Mining' In terests—Rlcli Quartz Strike—The R. II, Question—Censure of a Represen tative—Col* Woollolk's Letter—Why he " Flopped." Jeffbkson City, May 12, 1878. To the Editor of the Herald : Our county affairs have lately undergone a thorough examination by a committee of gen tlemen appointed by tbe Board of County Commissioners for that purpose. They report some interesting facts, among which 1 may mention that our county debt within the last four years has increased from $5,000 to $40, 000, and that the térms of court held at Ra dersburg (including Probate Justices) are used as tbe skeleton key by which is carried on a most systematic robbery upon our County Treasury. We shall, await with much inter est the report of this committee, and if they shall fail to give eur county affairs a thorough ventilation, we feel justified in saying that their career "upon the high road to fame will have terminated. Our quartz interests here are looking well, and will now take new life since the passage of the R. R. bill. C. Y. Anderson has thirty tons of ore ready for shipment taken from the Argentum, and A. M. Esler^c Co. have made an unusually rich strike on the "Eu rekà" lode. I was shown some rock from this lodo yesterday, and \t was literally cov ered with native silver. Work is soon to be renewed upon the Gregory and other lodes in that vicinity. As the railroad question is uppermost in the minds of all, you will excuse me for giving this subject a passiig notice. The rejoicing here at the passage of the bill is only equalled by the indignation felt over the action of the representatives from this county, who have attempted to betray the wishes of the people and subvert their best interests. Mr. Emer son, least of all, can find justification for his action in the House, for he knew' very well that a large majority of his constituents on this side of the county were in favor of a railroad bill. It w r as rumored here before Mr. Emerson left for Virginia City that a ring had been placed in his nose by a few anti railroad men at Radersburg ; that Otis Curtis and Bob Fisher were to manipulate the rope attached thereto, and that'the snubbing post w as to be a good fat county office in the com ing election, and a town lot in Radersburg thrown in. How true this rumor was we cannot say, but if we should to-day meet with the gentleman who at that time gave us the information, we should take back some thing we then said on the subject and pro nounce him a prophet, or a son of a prophet. We have been much amused (and, I must say, fatigued,) at reading Mr. Woolfolk's letter in the Gazette on the railroad question, and we are free to say that this last acrobatic feat of Mr. Woolf oik will give him a name which Blondin himself w'ould envy. He at tempts to soar his eagle very high on this subject, but fails entirely to get that noble bird above the level of his Water ditch and the profits and emoluments he is to receive therefrom. Apparently he has become so accustomed to measure out water by the inch that he know's ef no other way to ascertain the cost of this railroad except to ascertain the cost of one inch and multiplying by tbe number of inches in the road. Hence the enormous expense and the enormous burden upon tbe people. But perhaps your readers have not been in formed that on his way fropi the East Mr. Woolf oik met Mr. Rice, of the N. P. R. R. They became very intimate. They walk the streets like Siamese twins, and as the coach was about to depart for tbe North W'hicli was to bear him back to his water ditch and his mortgages, he kept it waiting some time, that he might have one last con fidential talk with his friend Rice. Whether Mr. Woolfolk's "flop" on the railroad ques tion dates from this time or not, we cannot say, but will leave that question for him to answer. ALL ABOARD. A wealthy fanner of Stratton, England, successfully pleaded his own illegitimacy as exempting him from liability for the support of his aged mother, then in the workhouse. A keen attorney of the government directed the attention of the court to the fact' that the fanner had inherited and enjoyed his uncle's property, paying only a legacy duty of three per cent, as a nephew, instead of twelve per cent as a stranger in blood, as he would be if illegitimate. An inquiry was instituted, and the farmer has been compelled to pay the deficiency with compound interest since 1856. A g test at the mansion of the late Sam'l Colt, noticed that the gas was horning all over the house. Great chambers, unoccupied, large halls and stately corridors, were blazing like the day. "You are extravagant with your gas," said the stranger to the butler, who was show ing him the house. " Perhaps so," was the reply; "but you see, the Colonel owns the gns works and we like to patronize him." TELEGRAMS reported specially for the HERALD by WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. UNITED STATES. I From the Modoc Country. San Francisco, May 11.—A dispatch re ceived from Yreka to-night says: William Hathaway, an army packer, who left Gen. Davis yesterday morning, arrived here last night. He brings the latest news from the camp, having started twelve hours after tbe regular courier. Donald McKay aud the Warm Spring scouts found the Modocs in the lava beds, 4 miles south of their old strong hold, near the foot of Snow Mountain, where they are strongly entrenched. San Francisco, May 12.—A courier ar rived at Yreka at 9 o'clock this morning with news of a battle between Hasbroucks' com mand aud tbe Modocs, in which the Indians were repulsed. No particulars have yet been received. A.dispatch from the lava beds, California, under date of May 10th, via Yreka, May 12th, says: On the 9tli inst., an expedition for the recovery of tbe bodies of Lieut. Ar thur Cranston, 4th artillery, and the men of bis command who were missing in the en gagement of April 26th. and those who could not be brought off the field, left camp under command of Lieut Edward Field, of the 4th artillery. The force consisted of batteries A and K, 4th artillery, and companies E and G, 12th infantry, under command of Lieuts. Camp and Kingsbury. The command left camp at 6:30 à. m., and was supported by troops F and K, 1st cavalry, and a detach ment of troop II of the same regiment, the cavalry being under command of Capt. Joel H. Tremble, 1st cavalry. Tbe object of the expedition was frustrated by reason of tin; advanced stage of decomposition in which the bodies were found. Tbe bodies, how ever, were buried on the field where they fell. Headboards were placed at the graves of Lieut. Cranston aud tbe men who fell with him. The bodies of eight men who were left ou the field had sage brush piled over them which had been fired by the Indians and were almost unrecognizable. Tbe troop advanced as skirmishers, with flanks well protected. The skirmishers were deployed in groups of three, instead of the usual order, five or ten paces apart, and the flanks w*ere thrown back to a depth nearly equal to the front. Gen. Davis is aw T aiting information from Capt. Hasbrouck's command, which is in pursuit of the Modocs. Inspector General Hardie started this morn ing for Fort Klamath, Oregon, w here he is instructed to learn from the Indian agent the disposition of the Indians in that yicinity, This done, Hardie will return and afterwards proceed on a tour of inspection through sev eral posts in Oregon and Nevada, and Fort Colville, Idaho. Acting Assistant Surgeon B. Lemigue«* had a leg amputated, yesterday, midway be tween the ankle and knee. lie has been re commended by all the officers in this com mand for a commission, with the view' of placing him on the retired list. Lieut. Harris' mother and brother are ex pected to-night or to-morrow from Philadel phia, Penn. Capt. Lydecker, of the engineer corps, f oes this morning to examine the island on 'ule lake with a view to ascertaining its adaptability to the purpose of a military depot. Dis ispatches from the lava beds dated May 11th say : Dispatches from Lieut. Boyle s camp suite that at sunrise yesterday the Mo docs came into camp and fired on the picket guard. Capt. Hasbroucks' command, which had been scouting all the day previous, re turned to Sorass lake for water and were making efforts to secure some by digging, but none could be found. McKay w as sent back to Lieut. Boyle's camp as an escort to battery B, 4th artillery, and G and B troops, 1st cavalry. The distance being seventeen miles, it occupied all night. At dawn of day Capt. Jack's band rode w ithin one hun dred yards of the camp. All dismounted and charged on the camp, firing into the herd and guard. The first volley stampeded the herd. They left for the camp, and while tbe men w ere getting under arms the Modocs gave volley after volley, killing four soldiers and one Warm Spring Indian. A rally was made and a charge sounded. At this time McKay came up, w'hen the men united and drove the Modocs into the timber, capturing tw'enty-one ponies and three pack mules. One Modoc was left on the field. The trail is covered with gore. The Indians beat a hasty retreat towards the McKlade range of mountains. Capt. Hasbroucks has now' five days supplies, but water is very scarce, which deters a long stay of the troops in the field. Gen. Davis is determined to keep them moving until the last Modoc is killed. He thinks the soldiers will gain greater courage, as they have them on the open ground. The wounded are being brought into camp in w agons, and from there they will be sent to headquarters. Two soldiers are reported mortally wounded. Capt. Hasbroucks thinks the Modocs have no ammunition except what is in their pouches, as they lost their entire stock of ammunition in this fight. Capt. Jack has but seven animals. He had on the attire of Gen. Canby, and took his position as lordly as if he was a Brigadier General. All the artillery will be moved at once to the side of the lake. Enough men will be detained in the old stronghold to keep it safe, while the rest will give chase and try to exterminate the last one. There were 33 Modocs engaged. No squaws were seen during the fight or by the scouts on the following night. There is strong suspicion that Capt. Jack is receiving aid from some unknown party. It appears strange how he got six boxes of centre primed carbine cartridges. He did not cap ture them from our forces, and it i9 certain he could not have picked up the amount after the battle of January 17th. When the cour ier left the troops were between the lava bed and the Indians, the latter being entirely out of the stronghold. Lieut. Hams' condition is much the same as last reported, but there is greater hope of his recovery. San Francisco, May 13. — The following has just been received from Yreka : Capt. G. J. Lydecker, of the engineer corps, ar rived from the front this evening with a six mule team. He left the front yesterday morning at the same time the regular courier did. He has been sketching and photograph* ing the lava bed country, and pronounces it one of the strangest imaginable natural for tifications. He confirms the previous reports concerning the engagement of the 10th inst., except that there was one soldier and one Warm Spring Indian killed, and eight sol-