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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 15, 1873, Image 2

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ft. E. FISK, ■ ■ • ■ Editor.
THOISDAY, MAY 15, 18t3.
The Deer Lodge maliçnants before the
Assembly adjournment, kept the wires busy
for a few dayB, hoping to induce the repre
sentatives from that county to commit 7iari
lcari , and refuse to permit the citizens of the
East Side to build a railroad, if they so de
sired. Full of envy and hate, the malignants
implored the representatives from Deer Lodge
to refuse to allow the people of the East Side
to aid in the construction of a railroad. They
had no responsibility, and they trusted to be
able to use the fingers of Messrs. Kerley,
Dance, Aikin, Alger and Dean to pull their
chestnuts out of the fire.
If the ultimate condemnation of the people
at such insolence should be visited on these
representatives, the malignants felt sure that
that condemnation would not condescend to
notice their motives, and the ruin of their
own friends was of no importance to them if
they could satiate their revenge on men who
never harmed them, but who were compelled
to be witnesses of their folly, insolence and
pride. The men who vote against submitting
a proposition of business to counties which
they do not represent, of course have no fu
ture, and deserve none. . Messrs. Dance,
Owen, Hass, Askin, Alger, Kerley and Dean
know this, and do not care to go into history
as advocates of such folly.
They say, as all must say, "this is a busi
ness transaction, and if thoße counties think
it a wise thing to do so, we know of no justi
fiable function of a Deer Lodge County Repre
sentative to prevent them. They are our
equals and friends, not our foes. Let them
do as they please." Who would say less is a
cur of very low degree. For this action—the
act of gentlemen answering the behests of
common decency—the west-side papers (the
Missoulian conspicuously and honorably ex
cepted) pour the vials of their puerile wrath
upon the heads of honorable gentlemen. We
greatly misjudge the west-side people if such
a course does not meet with a rebuke such as
the Northwest and Independent seldom get.
The cause moves on, and already the Rail
road enterprise is an assured success.
Our Lewis and Clarke delegation voted to
override the Governor's veto on the amend
ment to the election law. They inform us
that by the law, female suffrage is provided
for those ladies of Montana who had the
good luck to be born in foreign countries,
and who here declare their intention to be
come citizens of the United States. The
section of the election law, as amended,
reads as follows : "All male citizens of the
United States, above the age of twenty-one
years and all pertone of the same age w r bo
have declared their intention to become such
citizens shall be entitled to vote." It is pre
sumed that the good ladies of Montana, of
foreign birth, will declare their intentions,
and vote at the election next August.
Contracts for supplying the several Indian
agencies in Montana with beef and bacon for
the .year commencing July 1, 1873, were
awarded on the 1st inst. by the Purchasing
Committee of the Peace Commissioners, at
their office in New York. The awards for
supplies other than beef and bacon, if made,
are not yet publicly announced :
Beef—C. A. Broadwater, 150,000 pounds,
to be delivered at the Milk River Agency, at
$2.45 per 100; Nelson Story, 70,000 pounds,
to be delivered at Blackfeet Agency, at $2.33
per 100, and 225,000 pounds, to be delivered
at the Crow Agency at the same rate.
Bacon—Bleig & Co., Sioux City, 150,000
pounds at Milk River Ageucy, at 10£ cents
per pounds ; Nelson Story 25,000 pounds at
Blackfoot Agency, at 13 cents per pound, and
80,000 pounds at Crow Agency at same rate.
Report reaches us that the awards for flour,
sugar, coffee, etc., were made on the second
inst., but the names of the successful bidders
have not transpired.
A gentleman from I)cer Lodge this morn
ing expressed to us his determination to re
move with his property to one of the railroad
counties if the road is built, specifying
Lewis and Clark or Jefferson, saying the
advantages to accrue from the* road will
greatly overbalance any apprehended in
crease of taxes by reason of the subscription.
That this will be the result in a multitude of
instances we do not doubt at all. The West
Side, we fear, will be yet more depopulated,
amtil they too have a road, which they must
build to save population and property.
The Lewis and Clarke Legislative delega
tion, consisting of Lawrence, Bullock, San
ders, Chessman, Dusold, Hartwell and Heldt,
are now all arrived in Helena, and are re
ceiving an ovation of popular approval such
as is seldom accorded to public servants.
Their record on the railroad question is a no
ble one, and, with their Democratic allies
who voted with them to submit that propo
sition to the people, they will be gratefully
remembered and rewarded by their rejoicing
and thankful constituents.
Capt. Mouland, the brave captain of the
Cunard steamer Batavia, who gallantly res
cued thé crew of a foundered bark at sea last
winter, and received therefor a gold medal
from the British Humane Society, has been
visiting Mark Twain at Hartford.
the other message.
A mock Legislature wafc convened in ex
traordinary session at Deer Lodge recently.
The Governor (by proxy) appeared and
read his message.^ After felicitating the
country on the advanced condition of the
bunch grass, the prospective deliverance at
an early day of the people from the whoop
ing cough and the stage stock from the epi
zootic, the Governor proceeded to shake up
the Code Commission in a lively manner. By
way of parenthesis, he remarked that, having
publicly reprimanded the Commission as a
body, he deemed it politic to address to the
West Side Codifier a private message apolo
gizing for including him in his official cen
sure, which was only done to pull the wool
over the eyes of the people and give his
state paper the air of consistancy. Further
than this, to make sure of doing no violence
to the feelings of this particular member of
the Commission, he had, at the expense of
much self-respect and the cost of some gov
ernment postage stamps and stationery, pri
yately communicated with said Codifier's
particular personal friends, informing them
separately that if he had unintentionally
committed a wrong in the premises for which
he was sorry, he wasn't glad of it, and if he
was ever caught in doing the like again in
public he would promptly make the most
ample private reparation, as in this case he
had endeavored to do. Further still, it was
not generally known that he himself had
signed the Code report without reading it,
which he should not have done, and was,
therefore, even more culpable than the Com
mission, but the people generali}' had not
discovered that fact, and if he could help it
he didn't intend they should. Finally, this
personal message must be held to be strictly
confidential , as the Helena Hekai.d and
other newspapers in Montana (excluding his
beloved personal organ at Deer Lodge) had
repeatedly and not without cause charged
him with deception, and stultification, and
other odious offenses, which made him ap
pear the merest pigmy of a man and officer,
when in reality he was the biggest and high
est in Montana.
Following this explanatory interpolation
on personal account, his Excellency, accord
ing to notes furnished us by a special re
porter, proceeded to discuss the railroad
question, desiring his friends to understand
that he should interpose the entire bulk of
his Executive dead weight between the people
and the North and South locomotive cow
catcher, and should thus effectually blockade
that road—conditioned upon his demands
upon the Northern Pacific company for a
lucrative position being complied with. As a
rule, he was opposed to railroads, anyhow,
and he had lobbied, and log-rolled, and ve
toed with much gusto against allow ing the
people to vote on propositions of this nature,
thus making his voluntary promise to Mr.
Rice good, and establishing a record that
ought to hurry up his appointment from the
corporation with whom he was trying to deal
understandingly and harmoniously. Without
his identification in some prominent position
with that enterprise he seriously doubted^
whether it would ever amount to much, if,
indeed, it was ever carried forward to com
pletion into and beyond Montana. He
-was led to this impression by a little
experience of his own in past life.
The rural town in which he had lived in the
States at one time conceived the idea that a
railroad and telegraph line would be a good
thing to have in the community, and he
thought so too, until his fellow'-citizens, fail
ing to consult him or to mention his name in
connection with the undertaking, had shown
to his satisfaction that the scheme w'as an
improvement for which the burg was not
prepared, and he was successful in dis
couraging the threatened innovation upon the
pastoral life of his people. After an absence of
nearly tw r o yeay, he had visited his home in
America, and he rejoiced that the old town
wore the familiar garb of other days, nor
w'erc any of the ancient landmarks obliter
ated to give place to the desecrating improve
ments of our modern civilization. No loco
motive's shriek disturbed the quiet repose of
that delightfully sequestered elysium ; no
telegraph wire shocked the good country
folks with the startling sensations flashed to
this mountain land. The w'hole aspect was
one of profound peace, contentment, and
rest, which to one who had enjoyed these
blessings once, had more impressed him w ith
their loveliness and fitness after a boisterous
seige in public life.
This picture the Governor drew to show,
first, the futility of inaugurating or trying to
push ahead internal improvements without
either his sanction of or identification with
the same; and second, the undesirableness
of breaking in upon the established order of
things, to which the country was acustomed
and the people had become attached.
His Excellency, briefly referring to other
matters of public concern, closed with the
assurance that he should be further heard
from at another extraordinär}' Legislative
session which he expected soon to convene.
Mb. Tom P. Ochiltree has been appointed
United States Marshal for the Eastern District
of Texas. Mr. Ochiltree was a general in the
Confederacy, bat at the close of the rebellion
accepted the situation. He was a delegate to
the Republican National Convention in Phila
A Louisville paper warns its readers that
the sidewalks in that city abound in holes "the
size of a lady's foot," and hr another column
says that a boy six years old fell into one of
Speculation-Paper Castle*-The Labor
quMtion-DlicuHion of Indian Mat
ter»-Tippecanoe Battle Ground
Amendment to tbe Indiana Criminal
Law, etc*
Lafayette, Ind., May 1st, 1873.
To the Editor of the Herald.
Circumstances beyond my control still hold
me within the limits of Hoosierdom, and
while in many respects pleasant, yet the cli
mate and weather being so different and the
many ills with which the people of the States
are subject to, owing to the sudden changes
and miasma with which the atmosphere is
impregnated, robs a visitor from our healthy
and invigorating climate of many of those
pleasures incident to the comforts secured
here, and which time will yet give Montana.
There is seemingly great prosperity in the
States, great and rapid improvements being
made, real estate speculations being largely
indulged in, (especially in Chicago and In
dianapolis), transfers being made daily, each
at an advance over the transactions of a few
days previous, but an examination of the
transactions in most instances, I think, will
rob them of the apparent w'ealtli they repre
sent, as the transfers show little money, but
plenty of paper and mortgages. A financial
disturbance like '57, or much less than that,
would cause a tumbling of paper cattles , and
shake the country from one end of it to the
other. The people are extravagant in their
dress and living as well as ideas, spending
that which they have not got, importing
largely in excess of exports, and adding daily
to an indebtedness in Europe, which U. S.
bonds or othsr paper will not always pay.
A reckoning day must come, when the bal
ance on the wrong side will have to be met.
The bullion product of the Pacific coast qnd
Western Territories, which has largely added
to the credit of the country, and without
which the country would have been hope
lessly bankrupt long ago, together with the
products of the States, still leave us largely
in debt.
The agitation of farm laborers and of the
poorer classes of England are but indica
tions that will have yet to be met here.
"Sturdy old Ben Wade" may live to see large
accessions of converts to his views and advo
cacy of agrarianism, and the way may yet
be found, through agitation and discussion,
by which a solution of these questions may
be reached and the excesses of tue French
Communists, or the violations of social and
moral ideas by the Mormons be avoided.
"We may be happy yet." The views ex
pressed in President Grant's inaugural may
soon be realized. The millenium may not
be so far distant, and, although not expect
ing to be an eye-witness, I should like to look
upon the typical American w'hen the reduc
tion of the conglomerates are gathered, after
their distribution at Babel, and the perfection
arrived at.which amalgamation now points
to, who, with all his imperfections, I think I
would prefer to the original "Red." I sup
pose we might look for him about Lincoln,
Neb., in the course of time, as they claim to
be the centre of the United »States, or
Seward's prophecy in regard to St. Paul may
yet be fulfilled by the accession of the British
posessions. The contribution from Montana
would no doubt be interesting.
The Indian question is being largely dis
cussed, and the death of Canby and Thomas
will, I hope and feel, destroy the glamour
and false ideals that the people of the East
have formed of the Indian, and lead to a
policy of justice to all, be they red, yellow,
or, last but not least, white.
The massacre did not surprise or shock me
to the extent I witnessed here. The victims
being a Peace Commissioner and a General,
while more prominent and a loss to the coun
try generally, is after all only a distinction,
not a difference, from the humbler ones w'ho
are buried all over our Territories, testifying
to the treachery and rapacity of the Indians,
be they Modocs, Sioux, or Piegans.
Gen. Crook has shown the humane and
true policy in Arizona. Gen. Connor showed
it on Bear river against Pocotaligo. It was
shown in this State by Gen. Harrison Gd
years ago. We can illy spàrc such men as
Canby, but if his death is the cause of a bet
ter understanding of Indian character by the
people of the East, and brings a rigorous
policy for tbe prompt fulfillment of our own
obligations to the Indian, and the prompt
punishment for the least outbreak or dissat
isfaction amongst them, the loss will be
amply repaid.
I was one of a car load who escorted Gov.
Hendricks and other State officials to the
Tippecanoe battle ground, they constituting
a committee appointed by an act of the Leg
islature to supervise the erection of an iron
fence around the grounds. There are about
17 acres in the tract given to the State by
Gen. Tipton, one of the survivors of the en
gagement. He was the only officer not killed
m his company, of which he was Ensign or
Third Lieutenant The title of General he
acquired in later years.
The appropriation is sufficient to put a
splendid wrought iron fence around it, and
to restore a historic spot to a position com
mensurate with the results which flowed
from the success gained over the Indians
I witnessed two criminal trials here, in
which, under the law passed by the Legisla
ture last winter, the accused were allowed to
testify in their own behalf. The first waa
for murder, and the accused was acquitted.
The other was a petit larceny, with the same
result; but from what I could see or learn
the testimony of tbe accused had but little
weight, unless confirmed by other strong tes
timony. It is yet an experiment and only
slightly tested, as these two cases were, in
the opinion of everyone with whom I con
versed, a foregone result* of acquittal.
The May parties projected for to-day were
met with lowering clouds and a storm lasting
until about noon. The skies are'now bright
and clear, and spring seems at this late day
to assert her rights and prerogatives, and with
hopes for her continued success, I remain,
Our Jefferson City Letter.
County Financial Affair*—Mining' In
terests—Rlcli Quartz Strike—The R.
II, Question—Censure of a Represen
tative—Col* Woollolk's Letter—Why
he " Flopped."
Jeffbkson City, May 12, 1878.
To the Editor of the Herald :
Our county affairs have lately undergone a
thorough examination by a committee of gen
tlemen appointed by tbe Board of County
Commissioners for that purpose. They report
some interesting facts, among which 1 may
mention that our county debt within the last
four years has increased from $5,000 to $40,
000, and that the térms of court held at Ra
dersburg (including Probate Justices) are
used as tbe skeleton key by which is carried
on a most systematic robbery upon our County
Treasury. We shall, await with much inter
est the report of this committee, and if they
shall fail to give eur county affairs a thorough
ventilation, we feel justified in saying that
their career "upon the high road to fame
will have terminated.
Our quartz interests here are looking well,
and will now take new life since the passage
of the R. R. bill. C. Y. Anderson has thirty
tons of ore ready for shipment taken from
the Argentum, and A. M. Esler^c Co. have
made an unusually rich strike on the "Eu
rekà" lode. I was shown some rock from
this lodo yesterday, and \t was literally cov
ered with native silver. Work is soon to be
renewed upon the Gregory and other lodes in
that vicinity.
As the railroad question is uppermost in the
minds of all, you will excuse me for giving
this subject a passiig notice. The rejoicing
here at the passage of the bill is only equalled
by the indignation felt over the action of the
representatives from this county, who have
attempted to betray the wishes of the people
and subvert their best interests. Mr. Emer
son, least of all, can find justification for his
action in the House, for he knew' very well
that a large majority of his constituents on
this side of the county were in favor of a
railroad bill. It w r as rumored here before
Mr. Emerson left for Virginia City that a ring
had been placed in his nose by a few anti
railroad men at Radersburg ; that Otis Curtis
and Bob Fisher were to manipulate the rope
attached thereto, and that'the snubbing post
w as to be a good fat county office in the com
ing election, and a town lot in Radersburg
thrown in. How true this rumor was we
cannot say, but if we should to-day meet
with the gentleman who at that time gave us
the information, we should take back some
thing we then said on the subject and pro
nounce him a prophet, or a son of a prophet.
We have been much amused (and, I must
say, fatigued,) at reading Mr. Woolfolk's
letter in the Gazette on the railroad question,
and we are free to say that this last acrobatic
feat of Mr. Woolf oik will give him a name
which Blondin himself w'ould envy. He at
tempts to soar his eagle very high on this
subject, but fails entirely to get that noble
bird above the level of his Water ditch and
the profits and emoluments he is to receive
therefrom. Apparently he has become so
accustomed to measure out water by the inch
that he know's ef no other way to ascertain
the cost of this railroad except to ascertain
the cost of one inch and multiplying by tbe
number of inches in the road. Hence the
enormous expense and the enormous burden
upon tbe people.
But perhaps your readers have not been in
formed that on his way fropi the East Mr.
Woolf oik met Mr. Rice, of the N. P. R. R.
They became very intimate. They walk the
streets like Siamese twins, and as the
coach was about to depart for tbe North
W'hicli was to bear him back to his water
ditch and his mortgages, he kept it waiting
some time, that he might have one last con
fidential talk with his friend Rice. Whether
Mr. Woolfolk's "flop" on the railroad ques
tion dates from this time or not, we cannot
say, but will leave that question for him to
answer. ALL ABOARD.
A wealthy fanner of Stratton, England,
successfully pleaded his own illegitimacy as
exempting him from liability for the support
of his aged mother, then in the workhouse.
A keen attorney of the government directed
the attention of the court to the fact' that the
fanner had inherited and enjoyed his uncle's
property, paying only a legacy duty of three
per cent, as a nephew, instead of twelve per
cent as a stranger in blood, as he would be
if illegitimate. An inquiry was instituted,
and the farmer has been compelled to pay
the deficiency with compound interest since
A g test at the mansion of the late Sam'l
Colt, noticed that the gas was horning all over
the house. Great chambers, unoccupied, large
halls and stately corridors, were blazing like
the day. "You are extravagant with your gas,"
said the stranger to the butler, who was show
ing him the house. " Perhaps so," was the
reply; "but you see, the Colonel owns the gns
works and we like to patronize him."
reported specially for the HERALD by
I From the Modoc Country.
San Francisco, May 11.—A dispatch re
ceived from Yreka to-night says: William
Hathaway, an army packer, who left Gen.
Davis yesterday morning, arrived here last
night. He brings the latest news from the
camp, having started twelve hours after tbe
regular courier. Donald McKay aud the
Warm Spring scouts found the Modocs in the
lava beds, 4 miles south of their old strong
hold, near the foot of Snow Mountain, where
they are strongly entrenched.
San Francisco, May 12.—A courier ar
rived at Yreka at 9 o'clock this morning with
news of a battle between Hasbroucks' com
mand aud tbe Modocs, in which the Indians
were repulsed. No particulars have yet been
A.dispatch from the lava beds, California,
under date of May 10th, via Yreka, May
12th, says: On the 9tli inst., an expedition
for the recovery of tbe bodies of Lieut. Ar
thur Cranston, 4th artillery, and the men of
bis command who were missing in the en
gagement of April 26th. and those who could
not be brought off the field, left camp under
command of Lieut Edward Field, of the 4th
artillery. The force consisted of batteries
A and K, 4th artillery, and companies E and
G, 12th infantry, under command of Lieuts.
Camp and Kingsbury. The command left
camp at 6:30 à. m., and was supported by
troops F and K, 1st cavalry, and a detach
ment of troop II of the same regiment, the
cavalry being under command of Capt. Joel
H. Tremble, 1st cavalry. Tbe object of the
expedition was frustrated by reason of tin;
advanced stage of decomposition in which
the bodies were found. Tbe bodies, how
ever, were buried on the field where they fell.
Headboards were placed at the graves of
Lieut. Cranston aud tbe men who fell with
him. The bodies of eight men who were
left ou the field had sage brush piled over
them which had been fired by the Indians
and were almost unrecognizable. Tbe troop
advanced as skirmishers, with flanks well
protected. The skirmishers were deployed
in groups of three, instead of the usual order,
five or ten paces apart, and the flanks w*ere
thrown back to a depth nearly equal to the
Gen. Davis is aw T aiting information from
Capt. Hasbrouck's command, which is in
pursuit of the Modocs.
Inspector General Hardie started this morn
ing for Fort Klamath, Oregon, w here he is
instructed to learn from the Indian agent the
disposition of the Indians in that yicinity,
This done, Hardie will return and afterwards
proceed on a tour of inspection through sev
eral posts in Oregon and Nevada, and Fort
Colville, Idaho.
Acting Assistant Surgeon B. Lemigue«*
had a leg amputated, yesterday, midway be
tween the ankle and knee. lie has been re
commended by all the officers in this com
mand for a commission, with the view' of
placing him on the retired list.
Lieut. Harris' mother and brother are ex
pected to-night or to-morrow from Philadel
phia, Penn.
Capt. Lydecker, of the engineer corps,
f oes this morning to examine the island on
'ule lake with a view to ascertaining its
adaptability to the purpose of a military
ispatches from the lava beds dated May
11th say : Dispatches from Lieut. Boyle s
camp suite that at sunrise yesterday the Mo
docs came into camp and fired on the picket
guard. Capt. Hasbroucks' command, which
had been scouting all the day previous, re
turned to Sorass lake for water and were
making efforts to secure some by digging,
but none could be found. McKay w as sent
back to Lieut. Boyle's camp as an escort to
battery B, 4th artillery, and G and B troops,
1st cavalry. The distance being seventeen
miles, it occupied all night. At dawn of
day Capt. Jack's band rode w ithin one hun
dred yards of the camp. All dismounted
and charged on the camp, firing into the herd
and guard. The first volley stampeded the
herd. They left for the camp, and while tbe
men w ere getting under arms the Modocs
gave volley after volley, killing four soldiers
and one Warm Spring Indian. A rally was
made and a charge sounded. At this time
McKay came up, w'hen the men united and
drove the Modocs into the timber, capturing
tw'enty-one ponies and three pack mules.
One Modoc was left on the field. The trail
is covered with gore. The Indians beat a
hasty retreat towards the McKlade range of
mountains. Capt. Hasbroucks has now' five
days supplies, but water is very scarce, which
deters a long stay of the troops in the field.
Gen. Davis is determined to keep them
moving until the last Modoc is killed. He
thinks the soldiers will gain greater courage,
as they have them on the open ground. The
wounded are being brought into camp in
w agons, and from there they will be sent to
headquarters. Two soldiers are reported
mortally wounded. Capt. Hasbroucks thinks
the Modocs have no ammunition except what
is in their pouches, as they lost their entire
stock of ammunition in this fight. Capt. Jack
has but seven animals. He had on the attire
of Gen. Canby, and took his position as
lordly as if he was a Brigadier General. All
the artillery will be moved at once to the side
of the lake. Enough men will be detained
in the old stronghold to keep it safe, while
the rest will give chase and try to exterminate
the last one. There were 33 Modocs engaged.
No squaws were seen during the fight or by
the scouts on the following night. There is
strong suspicion that Capt. Jack is receiving
aid from some unknown party. It appears
strange how he got six boxes of centre
primed carbine cartridges. He did not cap
ture them from our forces, and it i9 certain
he could not have picked up the amount after
the battle of January 17th. When the cour
ier left the troops were between the lava bed
and the Indians, the latter being entirely out
of the stronghold.
Lieut. Hams' condition is much the same
as last reported, but there is greater hope of
his recovery.
San Francisco, May 13. — The following
has just been received from Yreka : Capt.
G. J. Lydecker, of the engineer corps, ar
rived from the front this evening with a six
mule team. He left the front yesterday
morning at the same time the regular courier
did. He has been sketching and photograph*
ing the lava bed country, and pronounces it
one of the strangest imaginable natural for
tifications. He confirms the previous reports
concerning the engagement of the 10th inst.,
except that there was one soldier and one
Warm Spring Indian killed, and eight sol-

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