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SX' t* % % H m 1 SS m 3 s» f n w « «SH 1 «3 3c Volume 7. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 22, 1873. No. 26 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR TUE DAILY 'HERALD. City .QnVcribor«, delivered by Carrier, per month, $3 00 BV BAIL. On« copy ono month.............................t® 0® One copy three mouth*......................... ® ©0 Ob« copy sJx month«............................I* 0® One «opy one year...............................5* 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year........................................99 Six month«.............................. * rr Throe month«....................................^ 50 THE WEEKLY HERALD l'UIJUSIIED EVEltT THURSDAY MORNIHS. FISK BEOS., Publishers '•I AM AWOMAS." 1 mu a woman—therefore I may not Call to him, cry to him, Fly to him, l'ray him delay not. And when he come« to me, I must sit quiet: Still a« a stone is, Harder and colder. If my heart riot— Crush and defy it. Should I grow bolder— Say one dear thins to him, All my life lliug to him, Cling'to him— What to atone is Enough for my pinning ? This were the cost to me, This were my winning— That he were lost to me ! Not as a lover at last if he part from me, Tearing my heart from me— Hurt beyond cure— Calm and demure Then my behavior ; Showing no sign to him L5y look of mine to him. What he has been to me. Pity ms—t) my Savior! ------- ** ►► -- THE GJ.U MAID'S SOLlliOttt Y. Ala« ! the seasons come and go, They bring no change for me; I'm sitting where, a year ago, I sipped my Oolong tea, My mirror opposite proclaims The pad, unwholesome truth, That all the charmes I boasted once Are passing like iuy youth. My raven locks are changing fast, My face betokens bile ; My voice seems cracked, for when 1 sing, My saucy nieces smile. I seek in books the largest type— Not that my eyes are dim— I must have strained the optic nerve, Looking in vain for him. Ah! once I thought that Sandy Beau Would offer me his hand; But he was drafted to the war And killed at Cumberland! Then John McMartin walked with me From church tiiut rainy day ; But a '"war widow" drafted him And took him home last May. My hopes are like the withered leaf, ' Borne on the Autumn blast ; My brightest morning sun at noon With clouds is overcast. The streets are full of flirting girls— Such horrid, sick'nig sights I can't endure; I'll take the stump, And go for woman's rights! Cu.pt. Jack oi the Lava lied*. I'm Captin Jack of the Lava Bed«, I'm "cock o' the walk," and chief o' the Reds. I km "lift the bar" and scalp the heads Of the whole United States army. When I go out my squaw she cries, My squaw she cries, My squaw sne cries, When I go out my squaw she cries. You'd better look out for the army ! [Oli, yes, ladies aud gentlemen, I'm the Iginal Captin Jack, of the Modoc braves big Indian me—white man he make lie too uch bombshell and telegraph dispatch, but • no savvey the lava bed. White man he ay "high low," but he no catchee dis Jack, r— I'm Captin Jack of the Modoc braves, And cock o' the walk to the lava caves, When I catches 'em out—their heads I shaves— The heads of the braves of the army ! When I stand up the picket* they star«, The pickets they stare, The pickets they stare, When I stand up the pickets they stare— And then run back to the artay. [Oh, yes, ladies and gentlemen, big medi ae man Killem, he going to cat Modoc liefs at one square meal, but be make he o much light with the télégraphe man at in Francisco, and shoot bombshell at Mo te squaw and calp only the big Indian, larley. Ugh ! Caplin Jack, he bully boy ith glass eyes. Captain Jvillcm, be played it on dis line—all summer time.] Inmense deposits of iron and coal ha\e cn discovered and arc likely to be soon de lopcd in the vicinity of Birmingham, Ala nia. The iron appears to be in the form of I hematite. One vein is fully twenty feet de, and vields over fifty per cent of iron, is located in Red Mountain, which takes its me from the color imparted to the soil by c iron it contains. The mountain is aboqt a ndred miles long and five hundred feet ^h. The red hematite is known to extend rough many miles of the length of the auntain. A short distance from the iron c located the Cahaba coal fields, of which me fifteen or twenty workable seams have ready been discovered, the average of which said to be about fifteen feet. "Hie coal field believed to be twelve miles wide and forty des long. The Warrior coal field, which is cated a short distance from Chattanooga, ntains an erca of nearly five thousand uare miles. The Louisville^ railroad^ is just •mpleted through this locality, and it is he wed that coal can be delivered at the cars $<2.50 per ton. Northern capital has been vested to develop these mines, and several aelting furnaces will soon be put in opera Mceting: of the Grand Army of the Re public. New Haven, May 14.—The National En campment of the Grand Army of the Re public met at noon, Gen. Burnside presiding. After the transaction of the routine business, Burnside made a brief address, congratulating the Encampment on the growth and prosper ity of the order. He declined to be a candi date for re-election. It was voted to hold the next session at Harrisburg. At a meeting of the Cavalry Corps Asso ciation Gen. Sheridan presided. The society adopted the old constitution, on the recom mendation of the committee, and voted to continue its old name. The ofliccrs of last year were re-elected, and the place and time of the meeting to be the same as the Army of the Potomac. At the meeting of the Sixth Army Corps, in the absence of Gen. WTight, Gen. Slialer presided. Shaler was elected President for the ensuing year. At 8 o'clock the Society of the Army of the Potomac gathered at Music Hall, which was gaily decorated. The floor was filled with members of the society, and the galleries packed with spectators. Shortly after the doors were thrown open the distinguished visitors began to assemble. First came Gen. Sherman, then Sheridan, 'Burnside, Shaler, Hartranft, McDowell, Hancock, Hawley, Franklin, Vice President Wilson, Lieut. Gov. Tyler, ex-Governor Jewell, of Connecticut, and Lieut. Gov. Robinson, of New York, each being greeted with hearty cheers. When the noise and confusion had partly subsided, the shout was given, "Here conies Grant," and as soon a 3 the President made his ap pearance in front of the audience i lie eptire assemblage rose to their feet aud three deaf ening cheers went up from a thousand voices in honor of the chief magistrate. After quiet had been restored, Gen. Burnside in troduced the orator of the day. Gen. Devins, who delivered an eloquent address, at the conclusion of which, Van Zandt read a poem. The President was loudly called for, aud in compliance w ith the call lie stepped to the front of the platform and addressed a few words to the audience. The other distin guished gentlemen on the stage were each called out in turn and made brief responses. This evening 'a concert was given by Gil more's band, which w r as well attended. At the close Col. Wright made a speech of wel come to the Grand Army of the Republic, to which Burnside briefly responded. Mc Dowell was elected President of the Society of the Army of the Potomac. The other ofiicers are the same as last year. — «4 ---- A Novel Cure for Dyspepsia. The following is Dr. Brown-Sequard's method of curing dyspepsia, which he claims has been successful, in the majority of cases, during the last ten years of bis practice: The plan consists of using but very little solid or fluid food or any kind of drink at a time, and giving those tilings at regular in tervals ef from ten to twenty or thirty min utes. All sorts of food may be taken iu that way : but during the short period that such a trial is made, it is obvious that the fancies of the patient are to be laid aside and that nour ishing food, such as roasted or broiled'meat, and especially beef, mutton, eggs, well-baked bread, and milk, with butter and cheese and a very moderate quantity of vegetables and fruit, ought to constitute the dietary of the patients we try to relieve. This plan should be pursued two or three weeks, after which the patient should gradually return to the or dinary system of eating three times a day. The only absolutely essential points are that the amount of food taken every ten, fifteen, twenty or thirty minutes be very small (from one to four mouthfuls), and that the amount of solid food in a day be from thirty-two to forty ounces, or a little less when, instead of water, the patient drinks beef tea or milk. How the Word '•Boston" was Made. A writer in the Good News thus incidentally mentions the curious derivation of the name Boston : "Lincolnshire, or Lindissev, as the land south of the Humber was formerly called, received the gospel from the good Bishop Paulinus, in the seventh century. In the same century a pious monk, known as St. Botolph, or Botholp,—that is, Boat-help founded a church at a place called Y-cean-lio. The town which grew up around it was called Botolph's Town, contracted into Bot-olphs-ton, Bot-os-toq, and finally Boston. It was from this town that the Rev. John Boston came to America and gave the same name to the seaport in which lie settled in Massachusetts. St. Botolpb, or Boat-help, is the patron saint of sailors, and the spire of his church suppports, three hundred feet high in the air, a lantern visible at sea forty miles, thus both lighting the worshippers home from the stormy sea, and pointing their way to the haven of rest" It was under the shadow of the tower of that old church that Jean Ingelow was born. The favorite relaxation of Indiana editors is to twit each other on the size of the feet of the inhabitants of their respective localities. Terre Haute is thus far ahead according to a rival paper, which avers that "the rfeigning belle of that city has feet so large that they do not come within the jurisdiction^ of the corporation. They run so far out into the country that they are under the operations of the government survey. When she wants a 6hoe mended a shoemaker goes to the Re corder's office, under her directions, and finds that the patch is to be put on the S$, SE$, section 9, township 18, range 4." Says the Montgomery Advertiser, speaking of the cotton crop for this season : "The monei' paid for it in its raw state will not fall far short of $830,000,000. Of this sum about $85,000,000 will have gone to specula tors and first purchasers—leaving about $295,000,000 to the producers. Alabama's share of this magnificent sum is nearly $35, 000,000— cstimaîmg her crop at 400,000 bales. to of in a a Gltra.monta.nism and its Fate. From the Pall Mall (London) Gazette. The fact that the Papists are coming by rapid steps to occupy the position of a political party which other parties who have the power must try not only to withstand, but to weaken, as far as possible, by such legis tion as affects them, has several sides to it. If, on the odc hand, the Ultramontane way of thinking shows greater vitality than many persons would have them inclined to ascribe to it at no very distant period, it must be re membered, on the other hand, that it will be defeated with greater ease and unpleasantness in proportion to the degree in which its posi tion comes to be understood and defined, especially in this country. The one advan tage which Ultramontanes possess is the dis tinctness and unity of their policy. In all cases of doubt and indecision this advantage gives great force to tho^.e who possess it, and in particulars it gives them great apparent force. The preponderance of the Southern over the Northern States for many years be fore 1861 was a good illustration of this. Their one object was to maintain slavery and to extend its era, and to t his end they worked the whole power of the Union, of which they obtained the command by the threats of se cession. The result sit last was that after a whole generation of humiliation the North, which was in reality ten times stronger than the South, also came to know its own mind, and having arrived at that knowledge, put an end forever to slavery and the policy that grew out out of it. Ultramontanism is rap idly drawing a similar fate on itself. No political party ever crowed so loud or made such extravagant claims, or announced with such passionate eagerness its opposition to all the established opinions of society, or forced upon them with such arrogance and self sufficiency the alternative between absolute submission to itself and absolute revolt against the order of ideas of which it claims to be the representative. The policy has produced and is producing its effects. An inarticulate growl is to be heard in many quarters, which one day may swell into a roar to this effect: "Well, if you must have it you shall have it. If we must either submit to you or cast off a great deal which we have hitherto treated with civility, our choice will not be ditlieult. Whatever may be true, you and your creed are unquestionably false: aud by the heavens above and the earth beneath—nay, by the breeches-pocket and all that therein is—we will not only not be bullied by you, but we will consider seriously how far we are justi fied in allowing you to bully your dupes." Ouce in its history the English nation had occasion to express iu an emphatic way its opinion of the Pope and all his works. If it is baited beyond a certain point, it will be apt to express the same opinion still more em phatically and with a Vider sweep; and if it does, it is to be hoped it will make much cleaner work than it did before. I Roy's Idea, of Heads. The Young American , a spicy four-and-a half by eight sheet, published at Rodgersville, Tenu., every week, by Frank A. Speck, brings up a "boy's composition" on "heads," as follows: Heads are of different shapes and sizes. They are full of notions. Large heads do not always hold the mo^t. Some persons can tell just what a man is by the shape of his head. High heads arc the best kind. Very knowing people are called long headed. A fellow that won't stop for any thing or anybody, is called liot-headed. If lie isn't quite so bright they call him soft headed, and i V can't be coaxed or turned he is pig-headed. Animals have very small heads. There are barrel heads, heads of ser mons, and some ministers used to have fifteen sermons ; pin-lieads ; heads of cattle, as the farmer calls his cows and oxen ; head-winds, drum-heads, cabbage-heads, at loger-heads, come to a head, like a boil, head of a chap ter, head of the family, and go ahead—but first be sure you are right, and last of all head him off. Some of the Gnited Stales Senators. The oldest Senator will be Sifiion Cameron, born in 1799, and the two youngest, Mr. Dorsey, born in 1841, and Dr. Conover, 1830. Mr, Cameron is the only Senator over 70 years of age. Forty-six of the Senators are lawyers; five are interested in railroads; four are farmers ; three are physicians ; two are journalists ; two clergymen ; Mr. Sprague is a manufacturer, Mr. Chandler a merchant, Mr. Ames an army officer, Mr. Clayton a civil engineer, Mr. Jones a miner, Mr. Pinck back a waiter, and Messrs. Buckingham, Caldwell, T. W. Ferry, Gilbert and West en gaged in generBl business. Senators Alcorn, Gordon and Ransom were Generals in the Confederate army during the war. Messrs. Alcorn. Anthony, Foreman, Brownlow, Buckingham, Clayton. Fenton, Hamlin, M. M. Morrill, Morton, Ramsey, Sprague, Oglesby and Stevenson have in the past been Governors of their respective States. The New York Times, reviewing the action of the Republican party the past year in its exposures and condemnation of corruption, says truly: "It is idle to talk of such a party being corrupted. It cannot be so until the proportion of the good men and bad men in it are reversed. Before that can occur there must be a struggle, in which we believe the bad will have to succumb. We admit that the Republican party will, sooner or later, have to throw off those of its active members who are corrupt, or perish; but we have no fear that it will perish." The entire number of Indians having rela tions with the United States, exclusive of 70.000 in Alaska, number about 300,000, of which 130,000 are self-supporting ; 84,000 are supported in part by the Government; 81.000 by the Government entirely; the re mainder, 55,000, living by marauding and hunting. In the Indian report 97,000 are set down as civilized, and 78,000 as wholly rav age. Fast Railroad Time. The Hartford Courant has recently inter viewed some railroad men, and publishes the information thus obtained. On the point of fast driving it says : Superintendent Davidson said he never yet run an engine without cars attached as fast as it could go. The stories about an engine running eighty or ninety miles an hour are absurd. We have as good engines as any road in the country, and there are not many that can run over a mile a minute with a light train. An engineer who is getting all he can out of his machine is often very apt to find the second band of his watch come around just before tlic mile-post is passed. There is an impression prevalent that an engine will go faster with two or three cars behind, just to steady it. This is fallacy. Every ounce of weight detracts from speed. The express trains on this road used to run faster than they do now, but it didn't pay. In 1854, just before the Sunday night mail train was put on, there was an effort made by the four roads forming a connecting line between New York and Boston to sec how fast a train could rim. The train consisted of only two cars, and no passengers were carried. On this road the engine New York, H. B. Hunt, engineer, on the train's trial trip, ran from Springfield to Hartford, twenty-six miles, in thirty minutes, three minutes being lost in slowing down over the bridge at Warehouse Point. From Hartford to Meridan, eighteen miles, the time was twenty-two minutes, and from Meridan to New Haven, a like distance, twenty minutes. This was certainly a great achievement for an engine with a 14-inch cylinder. 20-inch stroke and 5^-foot wheel. After permanent arrangements were made for the train, each road was obliged to keep up to the time table or forfeit $500 on each occasion when it was to blame for the delay. On the Boston and Albany road the fifty-four miles between Springfield and Worcester were run by the engine Whistler, 16-inch cylinder, 22-inch stroke, and 6^-foot driving wheels, in fifty-eight minutes. Owing to some mis hap the engine on the New York road did not make good time. One of the best runs on the road was made by the special train under the charge of Superintendent Reed, conveying the Grand Duke Alexis, in 1871. The engine Mercury, engineer Patterson, made the run from New Haven to Meridan in twenty minutes, from Meridan to Hartford in twenty-two minutes, and from Hartford to Springfield in thirty minutes. Three or four years ago the engine 0. F. Pond drew two cars, with an excursion party, to the Ætna Peat Works, near Meridan, fourteen miles, in sixteen minutes, using peat as fuel. Mr. Reed's dummy engine is probably the fastest on the road. It has run from New Haven to Newington, thirty miles, in thirty-one minutes. — — —«3. *4 -4-COV ►► — A Bootblack Story. During a slight lull in business, two little bootblacks, one white and the other black, were standing on a corner doing nothing when the white bootblack agreed to black the black bootblack's boots. The black boot black was of course willing to have bis boots blacked by his fellow bootblack, and the bootblack who had agreed to black the black bootblack's boots went to work. When the bootblack had blacked one of the black boot black's boots until it shone in a manner that would make any boot black proud, this boot black, who had agreed to black the black bootblack's boots refused to black the other boot of the black bootblack until the black bootblack, who had consented to have the white bootblack black his boots, should add five cents to the amount the white bootblack had made blacking other men's boots. This the bootblack whose one boot had been blacked refused to do, saying it was good enough for a black bootblack to have one boot blacked, and he didn't care whether the boot the bootblack hadn't blacked was black ed or not. This made the bootblack who had blacked the black bootblack's boots as angry as a bootblack often gets, and he vented his wrath by spitting on the black boot of the black bootblack. This roused the latent pas sion of the black bootblack, and he proceeded to boot the white bootblack with the boot the white bootblack had blacked. A fight then followed. The fraternity of bootblacks after wards convened and denounced the action of the white and black bootblacks as one of the blackest in the pages of bootblack history.— San Francisco Figaro. How the President Gets His ExtraPay. It may bo of interest to know that the President never draws his salary himself, but receives it through the First National Bank of Washington, to*wliicli he has given the powery of attorney, and the money is al ways drawn from the Treasury by the cash ier Of that bank and placed to the credit of the President in the bank. The warrants for the salary of the President and Vice Presi dent are made out at the Treasury ever/ month, the former under the new law re ceiving $4.166.66 per month, and the latter $833.33. * .Members of the Cabinet are paid from the "0118 of their respective depart ments, and receipt therefor the same as all other employes. The President and Vice President do not sign any pay roll. The transportation of coals to Newcastle, according to the New York Herald , is, from being a proverbial expression, in a fair way to become a fact. That paper learns that the Great Eastern, after laying the new Atlantic cable, is to take a cargo from Cow Bay to Europe, on her return voyage, of 15,000 tons of coal, and that one of the principal ship- pers in Cape Breton lias contracted to load the monster steamer in fifteen days. --fc n - The national debt of England was JE824, 680,000 ten years ago. It now is <€785,800, 000. These figures show a reduction of jE 38, 830,090 in the decade of years between 1863 and 1873—or nearly a diminution of four millions sterling per annum. Compared with our rate of reduction, this appears almost ridiculous. GENERAL ITEMS. The Dayton (Ohio) Journal intimates that General Sclicnck will be a candidate for United Senator. Geokge Wells, the rich farmer of Grundy county; Iowa, pays $1,050 school tax, and he has'nt got a child about his house and never had. There is a firm in St. Louis now building a machine which is designed to cut and take up grain, and at the same time plow and seed the ground. The James Fisk, jr., monument, to be erected at Brattleborougb, Vt., will be seven feet broad at the base, twenty-six feet high, and very rich in detail. A passenger on an Ohio railroad, aroused from a serene slumber by the tooting of a whistle, exclaimed petulantly: "The train has caught up with those cattle again ! " The Fort Dodge (Iowa) Messenger nomi nates Governor C. C. Carpenter for re-elec tion, and says that it but utters the sentiments of the Republicans of Northwestern Iowa. The Chicago Evening Journal and St. Paul Press, among the most excellent newspapers of the West, have recently enlarged aud im proved in appearance by a new typographi cal dress. A Western art critic describes one of the models for the Farragut statue as "the fore man of a fire company tied to a chimney and calling to the b'hoys not to let Dix take their water." Father Hyacinthe'« lectures at Geneva are creating so much excitement that thirty thousand persons applied for tickets to hear one address, while the capacity of the hall was only 3,000. The Minnesota Legislature is considering a proposition for the punishment of religious societies for the administration of discipline in such a manner as to affect the business standing or social position of the respondent. At the present time not a single box of tin is manufactured in the United States, * al though it is claimed that there are large de posits of this valuable metal in New Hamp shire, Missouri, and the Lake Superior re gions. Stokes is not now permitted to exercise in the Tombs yard, as he lias done for two hours every day since the granting of the stay of proceedings. His only exercise now is in pacing the lonely corridors of the city prison. Whitklaw Reid, editor of the New York Tribune, gets a salary $10,000 a year ; Jen nings lias $10,000 on the Times ; Croly had $5,000 on the World ; Hudson had $20,000 on the Herald, and was retired on a pension of $10,000. The Washington Chronicle says that the impression which seems to be entertained' in some quarters, that the repeal of the flank ing privilege carries with it the freedom of exchanges among newspapers, is a mistake. Free exchanges are not affected. The sort of leader required to head the Democratic party is thus stated by the Louis ville Courier Journal : "We need a bril liantly educated ruffian—a heroic, statesman like, high-minded and honest blackguard—a blatherskite with courage and real genius for public business." A Chinaman was summoned as a witness in New York the other day, and, to ascertain his views on the nature of an oath, the judge asked him what would be bis punishment if be should swear to lies. "I shall never re turn to China, but always remain in New York," was the reply, and he was at once sworn. It is estimated that there are at the present time 6,000 different manufactories in Maine, giving employment to over 40,000 persons, the aggregate products amounting to some $80, 000,000 yearly. Since 1850 Maine has more than trebled the number of her manufactur ing establishments and the nature of their preducts The story is told of August Belmont, the eminent banker, that his private secretary re fused to work for $1,500 a year and be sworn at by the financier in his sudden fits of anger. Belmont thereupon increased the young man's pay to $3,000, and indulged in profanity at the clerk's expense at his own sweet will thereafter. A Louisiana paper asks, in a distressed tone, "If we can't raise cotton, in heaven's name what can we raise?" At this distance we may not be able to give an intelligent ans- wer, but we venture the opinion that, if other parts of the State are to be judged by Grant Parish, Louisiana beats any portion of the South for raising wool. --— I > • > - A Secret Benefactor. Some one in London has for several years been doing good by stealth on a scale of ex traordinary magnitude. The modus operandi has been for an elderly man, presumably not the donor, to enter a bank and ask for the subscription book of a charitable society. It is presented to him. He writes down P. Q. W., or whatever the initials may be, hands a bank note for a huge amount across the coun ter, and takes his departure. An idea is now prevalent that this splendid benefactor is <pie of the heirs of a Mr. Thornton, who died about seven years since, leaving some $15, 000,000. A year ago a notice appeared in the Builder newspaper, to the effect that a gentleman was ready and willing to give ben efactions exceeding those of the late Mr. Peabody, could he hit upon some perfectly satisfactory plan for so doing ; but he was conscious that to give charity in a manner which should really do good was most diffi cult. He asked for suggestions. .Pending va satisfactory hint, it may be presumed that he expends his superfluous income as dqscribed. Three weeks ago fifty Uvrusand dollars were thus bestowed in great sums by donors giv ing three initials. No doubt they came from the same person. Was charity, which will not let the left baud know what the right does, ever done before on so grand a scale ?