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i I k K W -f % *7 5c Volume 7. Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 29, 1873. No. 27 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. City SuV'Cri'.K'rn, dblivercd by Carrier, per month, $:$ BY MAIL. One copy one month............................. $»00 One copy three months......................... 6 One copy six months............................12 00 One copy one year...............................22 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year........................................$0 03 j*ix months.............................. 4 00 Three months....................................2 30 THE WEEKLY HERALD PUBLISHED EVEHT THURSDAY MORNIXS. D. W. FISK A. J. FISK [■\ FISK BEOS., Publishers Fixed ideas. IN THE MIND OF MAN. That lie is overworked. That his constitution requires stimulants. That, if he had them, he could at this mo ment invest a few hundreds to the best advan tage. That smoking is good for his nerves, his worries, his literary pursuits, his tootheaclic, etc. That he ought to belong to a club. That he could reform the army, do away with the income tax, manage the railways better, and make a large fortune by keeping hotel. That he knows a good glass of wine. That he could win a heap of money if he were to go to Hamburg. That medicine is all hnmbug. That he could preach as good a sermon himself. That he should soon pick up his French if he went abroad. That he must w in on this year's Derbj r . IN TIIE MIND OF WOMAN. Thai she has nothing fit to put on. That things ought to be bought because they are cheap. That there is company in the kitchen. That she is not allowed sufficient money for housekeeping. That her best black silk is getting awfully shabby. That her allowance is too small. That she never looks fit to be seen. That cooks drink. That there is always "a glare." That there is somebody in the house. That Mrs. Orpington is dreadfully gone off, or dreadfully made up, or not so good-look- ing after all.— Punch. - ^ ■* ►► - Emperor Wiilinm and the School Chil dren. The Court Journal prints this: "The German Emperor, while visiting a village in his land, was welcomed by the school chil dren of the place. After their speaker had made a speach for them he thanked them. Then, taking an orange from a plate, he said : 'To what kingdom docs this belong?' 'To the vegetable kingdom, sire,' replied the girl. The Emperor took a gold coin from his pocket, and holding it up, asked, 'And to what kingdom does this belong' 'To the mineral kingdom, sire,' replied the little girl. 'And to what kingdom do I belong, then ?' asked the Emperor. The little girl colored deeply, for she did not like to say 'the animal kingdom,' as he thought she would, lest his majesty should be offended, when a bright thought came, and she said with radient eyes, 'To God's kingdom, sire.' The Emperor was deeply moved. A tear stood in his eye.' He placed his hand on the child's head and said, most devoutly, 'God grant that I may be ac counted worthy of that kingdom."' Sleeping; Under tbe Clothe*. There is reason to believe that not a few of the apparently unaccountable cases of scrofula among children proceed from the habit of sleeping with the head under the bed clothes, and so inhaling air already breathed, which is further contaminated by exhalations from the skin. A eood nurse will be careful to attend to this. It is an im portant part, so to speak, of ventilation. It may be worth while to remark that when there is any danger of bed sores, a blanket ®hould never be placed under the patient. It retains dampness and acts like a poultice. Never use anything but light Whitney blank ets as bed covering for the sick. The heavy, impervious counterpane is bad, for the rea son that it keeps the emanations from the sick person, while the blanket allows them to pass through. Weak patients are invaria bly distressed by a great weight of bed clothes, which often prevents their getting any sound sleep whatever.— Mini Nightingale. VnoLiTioN, which \vas once a stigma of in able contempt, is become the law of the ilized world. , Brazil, which has long ditated the step, has at last placed herself equivocally in the way of the gradual ancipation of her slaves. Not only has s Emperor signed an act of the Legislature, lieh declares that all future children of ves shall be free, but it is determined that ! early emancipation of adult negroes shall ic place, a fund being raised to compen e the planters, some of whom have al idy freed those whom they have held bondage, and give» them a fair start the race of free labor. The bu marie poll in Brazil contrasts with the refusal of the »mauds to free 600,000 slaves in Cuba, un* the services of a larger number of white »grants have been secured. In Brazil -re is one slave to every five of the free pulation, and their ordinary labor of coffee ltivation and picking is not of a harrassing Domestic Experience—Family Encoun ter with Stove and Piping. From the Danbury News. Putting up a stove is not so difficult in it self. It is the pipe that raises four-fifths of the mischief and all the dust. You may take down a stove with all the care in the world and have your wife put away the pipe in a secure place, and yet that pipe won't come together as it was before. You find this out when you are standing on a chair, with your arms full of pipe and your mouth full of soot. Your wife is standing on the lloor in a position that enables her to see you, the pipe and the chair, and here she gives utterance to those remarks that are calculated to hasten a man into the extremes of insanity. Her dress is pinned over her waist and her hands rest on her hips. She has got one of your hats on her head, and your linen coat on her back and a pair of rubbers on her l'eet. There is about five cents worth of pot-black on her nose and a lot of flour on her chin, and al together she is a spectacle that would inspire a dead man with distrust. And while you are up there trying to circumvent the awful contrariness of the pipe and telling that you know that some fool has been mixing it, she stands safely on the floor and bombards you with such domestic mottoes as, "What's the use of swearing so?" "You know that no one has touched that pipe." "You ain't any more patience than a child." "Do be careful of that chair." And then she goes off and reappears with another armful of pipe, and before you are aware of it she has got that pipe so horribly mixed up thnt it does seem no pieces are alike. You join the ends and work them to and fro, and to and fro again, and then you take them apart and look at them. Then you spread one out and jam the other together, and mount them once more ; but it is no go. You begin to think the pieces are inspired with life, and ache to kick them through the window ; but she doesn't lose her patience. She goes around with that awfully exasperating rigging on, with a length of pipe under each arm and a long-handled broom in her hand, and says she don't see how it is some people never have any trouble putting up a steye. Then you miss the ham mer. You don't see it anywhere. You stare into the pipe, along the mantle and down on the stove, and off to the floor. Your wife watches you, and is finally thoughtful enough to inquire what you are looking after, and on learning, pulls the article from her pocket. Then you feel as if you could go out of doors and swear a hole twelve feet square through a block of buildings, but she merely observes, "Why on earth don't you speak when you want anything, and not stare around like a dummy ?" When that part of the pipe which goes through the wall is up, she keeps it up with the broom while you are making the connection, and stares at it with an intensity that is entirely uncalled for. All the while your position is becoming more and more interesting. The pipe don i go together, of course. The soot shakes down into your eyes and mouth, the sweat rolls down your face and tickles your chin as it drops off, and it seems as if your arms are slowly but surely drawing out of their sockets. Here your wife comes to the rescue by in quiring if you are going to be all day doing nothing, and if you think her arms are made of cast iron, ami then the broom slips off the pipe, and in her endeavor to recover her hold she jabs you under the chin with the handle, and the pipe comes down on your head \yith its load of fried soot, and then the chair tilts forward enough to discharge your feet, and you come down on the wrong end of that chair with a force that would bankrupt a pile driver. You don't touch that chair. You leave your wife examining the chair and be moaning its injuries, and go into the kitchen and wash your skinned and bleeding hands with yellow soap. Then you go down the street after a man to do the business, and your wife goes over to neighbors with her chair and tells them about its injuries, and drains the neighborhood dry of its sympathy long before you get home. .-^ « I— I I — - Votera of Cunadu> The election law of Canada provides that in counties no person can vote who does not either possess lands to the value of $200, occupy lands at an annual rental of $20, or fill a situation worth $400 per year. In cities the qualifications are ownership of lands valued at $400, tenancy of a house and lands at a rental of $30, occupancy of land of the Crown valued at $400, with a promise of a purchase, or a situation worth $400 per year. In towns the qualifications are ownership of lands worth $300, tenancy of a house and lands at a rental of $20, occupancy of lands valued at $300, under an agreement to pur chase from the Crown, or a salary of $400 per year. Judges of the Superior, County and District Courts are disqualified, as are also revising, ieturning, and deputy returning officers, and election clerks and women. A property qualification is required ™ dates for the House of Commons. of candi An Importa»» invention. A Pittsburg firm—Messrs. Rogers & Burch field, claim to have discovered a process by which they can make the famous Russian sheet iron. «The latter is made in Siberia by a secret process which no other nation _ has hitherto been able to obtain. The British government has offered £50,000 for its dis covery, but even tbe stimulus of that large sum has failed to achieve the result. Amer ican enterprise and ingenuity have accom plished it, and Pittsburg, it is said can now furnish all common markets with Russian sheet iron at even lower prices than the Rus sians themselves. The process has been patente d. ^ , IMt l , The Philadelphia Age lias hit upon the following plan of subduing the Modocs: "Put foily gallons of whisky m deimjons around the particular lava bed where the Modocs are ensconsed. On the following day advance and easily capture every one ot them." ....... „„ _ ------ Tlic En jury of Excessive Rest in Cere 'oral Exhaustion. I am disposed to think that rest from head- work may be too much insisted upon in cere- bral exhaustion and in other cases of the kind. Often and often I have met patients with jaded brains who have certainly let their minds lie fallow too long. More than one overworked barrister, who could scarcely drag on until the long vacation, lias com- plained to me that this vacation was too long and that it would have been better for him if he had returned to iiis own work sooner, or if he had changed his work. Mere dis- traction, even travel, is not enough. Weeds will grow apace under such circumstances ; and soon, very soon, the difficulty is to get the mind under cultivation again. What is wanted generally, even at the beginniug, is, not that work should be given up altogether, even for a short time, but that it should be moderated in amount or changed, o It is given to few to imitate the example of our present Premier, who when thoroughly over- wrought at the end of the session, recruited himself by spending a great part of his holi- day in writing Juventus Muudi ; but the fact is full of significance in the present place. Indeed, the longer I live the more I am con- vinced that it is a grave mistake to let the mind lie fallow, even for a short time, not only in the particular case under considera- tion, but in all cases where head symptoms have to be dealt with—in epilepsy, for exrm- ple, no less than in cerebral exhaustion. In epilepsy, indeed, I have long maintained that it is the very gravest blunder in practice to suspend education—that the very basis of successful treatment is only tobe laid in edu- cation. In the case of an epileptic child, I should be altogether hopeless of arriving at .a satisfactory result except by building the plan of treatment upon this foundation, and the same feeling would influence me con- siderably, even in the case of an adult suf- fering from cerebral disorder, let this dis- order be what it may, if one way and an- other I could not keep his mind from prey- ing upon itself by providing him with some proper accupation. Of course this notion may be carried too far. Undoubtedly harm, much harm, may be done by pressing the necessity for work too strongly; but, practi- cally, this danger will prove to be small in comparison to that of lottiug the mind lie fallow.— Raddiffe. --— «« ** : One Utilise of Fire. Dr. H. C. Bolton, of Columbia College, New York City, states that on a receut oc casion, at 9 a. m., on entering hte laboratory he found a wooden table on fire, ignition having been occasioned by the yays of the morning sun, which fell upon a glass spheri cal flask containing water. The glass served as a lens which concentrated the rays and set fire to the wood. He alludes to the state ment of Lactanitus (A. D. 300), who men tions the use of glass globes, filled with wa ter, to be used in kindling fires; while Pliny recommends the use of lens for the purpose of cauterising the flesh of sick persons. As to the latter, one Mr. Barnes, of Connecticut, took a patent in this country, some five years ago, for the purpose suggested by Pliny. In respect to fires occasioned b} r lenses, doubt less there are many examples. It is well known that vessels at sea have been set on fire by the bulls-eye glasses used to admit light to between decks. These glasses were formerly made convex on one side, thus forming powerful lenses, in consequence of the loss of property and danger their use has been discontinued, and thick plates of glass, fiat on both sides, have been generally sub stituted. Captain Scoresby and Dr. Kane used to astonish the natives of the -polar regions by taking blocks of clear ice and cutting them into tl\e form of lenses, with which they instantly kindled fires. Tlic Purification of Running Water. Recent experiments have disproved the long accepted notion, indorsed by Dr. Dod ling, Dr. Letlieby, and others of equal au thority, that running streams, into which im purities have been emptied, free themselves of such in flowing a few miles. Locations on several streams, where the flow was a dozen miles or more without receiving any sewerage additional to that of villages through which they previously passed, were selected, and the amount of organic matter destroyed by oxidation was estimated. As a result of these experiments it was shown that so far from sewerage, mixed with twenty times its volume of water, disappearing during a flow of ten or twelve miles, scarcely two-thirds of it would be destroyed in a flow of one hun dred and sixty-eight miles, at the rate of one mile per hour, or after the lapse ot a week. These results, obtained in New England rivers, sustain the opinion of Sir Benjamin Brodie, drawn from examination of Thames river, that it is simply impossible that the oxidizing power acting on sewerage, running in mixtures with water over a distance of any length, should be sufficient to remove its noxious quality. ___. In San Francisco, recently, a man called at | tlio United Statef Mint and demanded 150 ounces of gold, which he had deposited there j in 1854. The gold was paid to him. 1 A sac.k Piute h is enlightened a Nevada newspaper writer as to his plan for disposing of the Modocs. lie said that it was no good to fight them with guns, and that the way the Piutes would fix tliem would be to inform them that they .wanted to baye a big talk with them. Then when they came to have the talk all would be seated in a circle, each Piute with a Modoc at his left hand. Each Piute would manage, to have a big stone in reach, or in his pocket. The big talk would then proceed until a signal was given, then each Piute would seize hold of* the right fist of Ills Modoc neighbor with his hand, and Ihcb with his right would grasp his rock and smash in the Modoc's skull, "No gun, no knife," said he, "kill 'em all with rock." r» The Reputed Site of ffa.be!. The Itev. G. M. Gordon, writing in the Church Missionary Intelligence)', thus de scribes the reputed site of the Tower of Babel : A high mound is surmounted by a ruined and unfinished tower of brick, the summit of which is 235 feet above the plain. An ex amination of the mound shows that it is com posed of the same elements as the mounds of Babylon—masses of brick and rubbish, inter spersed with broken pottery. These bricks are all of them inscribed on one side with cuneiform characters. The cuneiform is the ancient Assyrian, and is supposed to be the oldest written language in the world. One side, where excavations have been made, you may see walls of brick ascending tier above tier with masterly ambition. On another, all is convulsion and disturbance—huge masses of brick work, rent and overturned, yet, so solid in their ruin that it is easier to pulverize the brick than to separate it from the mortar, One of these blocks rolled bodily to the foot of the mound. Others are vitrified or fused by a process which can be none other than electricity or fire. Curiously enough the Arabs have a tradition that it has been de stroyed by fire from heaven. The sides of the mound are pierced with holes and strewn with bones, which plainly indicate the lairs of wild beasts. The view from the summit at sunrise is distant and varied. The broad sheet of the Euphrates winds for many a mile, until lost in the distance in the "sea like" plain. It is difficult to resist the con vietion that Birs Nimrod is the Tower of Babel, the oldest ruin in the world. There are ihose who (like Mr. Rich) believe it to be the Tower of Belus, and regard it as a pari of the ruin of Babylon, but 1 prefer to hole the older tradition. And, surely, it is, when standing on ground like this, that the language of the Scripture acquires a vividness anc reality which rewards the toil of patient in vestigation, and makes the privations of travel forgotten; and a voice seems to breath from the resting place of the prophets beside these mighty rivers which is daily more heard and felt, rebuking the sneer of the scoffer and tbe skeptic. Pittsburgher* in !Tlont»na. Richardson in his book "Beyond the Mis sissippi,* describes the "placer" mines oi: Montana as likely to prove the richest in their yield of gold yet discovered in America, or elsewhere, for that matter. Acting on this hint, some Pittsburgh Capitalists have pur chased the celebrated "French Bar Placer Mine," situated on the Missouri river, one hundred and eighty miles above Fort Benton, and sixteen miles from Helena in the Terri tory of Montana. Their purpose is to start immediately in the further development of this rich "placer," and they have our best wishes for their success. The company have made a very wise and judicious selection of a financial agent in Major J. F. Denniston, our late County Treasurer, well known to this community as an able financier, as well as a brave soldier and gentleman of strict in tegrity, and inflexible energy and courage. The Major takes with him the kindest wishes of his numerous friends in Pittsburgh, anc, their warm hopes for his success in his new enterprise in the western wilds of Montana His experience in that country during his trans-contincntal trip last summer, will be of use to him in the management of the French Bar Mine, and let us hope his efforts in the future, like those of the past, will be crowned with success .—Pittsburgh Gazette, May 13. Forest* and Drought. Sardinia and Sicily, once the granaries of Italy, have suffered the penalty of their thoughtlessness in exterminating their forests. Two thousand years ago those lands were cel ebrated for their wonderful productiveness, and were said to be the most beautiful in the world. In 1800 Humboldt visited Venezuela, South America, and was informed by the na tives living in the valley of Araguay that they had noticed with great astonishment, that a lake which lay in "the middle of the valley decreased in volume every' year. The cause of this is clearly traced to the felling of a great number ot trees which grew on the surrounding mountains. In Hungary the periodical droughts are universally attributed to the annihilation of forests. In Cairo, Lower Egypt, a great many years ago, rain fell but seldom—only once in three or four years, but since the time of Mohammed Ali twenty to thirty millions of trees have been planted, and the result is now that the people have from thirty to forty rains every year. Surely these few of the many examples are warnings sufficient to put us on our guard. Tine latest wedding in the style called gor geous took place at Boston. The contracting parties were James McVickcr, son of Dr. John McVicker, of Boston, and Miss Ada, daughter of Edward S. Jaffray, a well known merchant millionaire of New York. Three thousand invitations were issued. The déc orai ions in the interior of the chnrch were superb. The marriage took place at noon? The toilets of the bride and bridesmaids were of the most georgeous description. Tilt elite of the city was largely represented, the toilets being, :»s a rule, magnificent. After the cer emony tiie newly married pair were made the receipients of bridal presents to the value of many thousands of dollars, some being con tributed by distinguished persons in Europe. The nephew of the late Thaddeus SteveBS having failed to comply with the conditions of liis will relative to abstaining from the use of intoxicating drinks, the executors are about to apply the vendue of his estate, esti mated variously from $50,000 to $100,000, to tbe founding of the Orphan Home, in Lan caster, Fa., designed by him in case of. such failure. The will provides that Dp prefer ence shall be showm in respect of race, reli gion, or color in admission or treatment, and that all the inmates shall w'ear the same style of dress and eat at the same table. in he GENER AE ITEMS. —Smoking tobacco if it stings the tongue is too dry, if it produces nausea is too strong, and if it produces a headache it is impure. —Josh Billings says that if a man has got $80,000 at interest, and owns the house he lives in, it ain't much trouble to be a philoso pher. —Tbe man who would shine in conversa tion must possess original ideas and strong sympathies—be able both to communicate and to listen. —In Pennsylvania the average wealth to I he population is $1081 to each inhabitant. It is said that a good many have not got their share, but are anxious to have it paiil over. —Mr. Anson G. Phelps Dodge has declared in the Dominion Parliament that all his friends in New York favor a monarchical form of Government for the United States. —The enterprising vagabond who is organ izing a brass band of twenty women, says that if they learn half as many airs as they put on, the experiment cannot fail to he a success. —A lady tells us that w'hen she was a poor girl, living in the country, she used to "plant corn in her bare feet." This imparts a now idea of the origin of these troublesome things. —A lady philosopher has arrived at the conclusion that, although woman is justly blamed with having tempted man to eat for bidden things, he took to drinking of his own accord. —The number of persons out of employ ment in Philadelphia is appalling. One in sertion of a little advertisement for a clerk in a railroad office brought 985 applicants in a single day. —The whole thing has gone to the bottom less pit, said a gentleman of an unfortunate speculation. "Never mind," said his friend, "it won't be long before you'll have a chance to go after it." —A blind woman in Iowa has learned to thread a cambric needle with her teeth and tongue. "Is there anything in the world that a woman's tongue cannot do or undo?" asks an. exchange. —"Lucy" writes from Brooklyn to say that she don't object to a good looking gentleman gazing square in her face, but that it does make her awful mad when she looks back to see him staring back, too. -The Executive Mansion of Missouri is said to be so filled with electricity that every one who enters it is terribly shocked. The phenomenon is attributed to the over-charging of the architect who built it. —A Wisconsin Justice divorced a couple recently as follows: He stood them in the middle of the floor, backs together, and as they walked away from each other, he re peated the marriage ceremony backwards. —"Why don't you get down and lead the horse? that is the way to keep warm," said a gentleman to-a boy, one cold day. "No," replied the American youth, "it's a b-b-bor rowed horse, and I'll ride him if I freeze !" —"Your children may never have wealth," observed a neighboring clergyman to his con gregation, "but w'hen they grow up it will be something for them to boast that their fathers were not members of the Forty-second Con gress." •They tell of one Boston mother who says of her baby, that "as it couldn't be handsome like its papa, its going to be good like its mamma." This is the .first baby on record that is not the prettiest that ever was—to its mother. —It isn't any ivonder that it took half a dozen clergymen to christen the King of Saxony " Jean-Neporaucene-Marie-Joseph Antoine-Xavier-Vincent - Louis - Gonzague Francoise de Paule-Stanislas-Bcrnard-Paul Felix-Damans." —Mr. John Bullock, of Bristol, R. I., who will be 104 years old in June next, had an at tack of pneumonia, recently, and when con valescent remarked to one of his sons : "That was a severe attack ; if I'd been an old man guess it would have fetched me." "I say, Pompey," said one freedman to another, "dis chile has tried lots of gift fares, and tings fur a prize, but nebber could draw anything at all." "Well, Jim, I'd vise you to try a hand-cart; the chances are a thou sand to one dat you could draw dat." —The largest quill of the golden eagle weighs only sixty-fire grains, and seven such quills do not weigh more than a penny piece. The feathers of a common fowl weigh only three ounces, and the entire plumage of an owl weighs oniy one ounce and a half. —Every iron Tail on a north and south rail road is a perfect magnet, the north end at tracting the south pole of a magnetic needle. So, also, in a T rail on such a railroad, the low'cr flange attracts the south pole and the upper flange the north pole of a needle. The Rév. De Witt Talmage, of Taber nacle notoriety, says the New York Sun, has changed the wording of the Scriptures with regard to salt. His reading is : " Y e are the anti putrefactive of the earth, but if the anti putrefatic has lost its antiputrefatic, where with shall it be antiputrefacticated ?" —A Catholic priest in Pittsburg, Pa., noted for great learning, deep piety, and ready wit, onpe .preached a powerful sermon against intemperance, and was about concluding, when he said, abruptly, "But if you will drink, why, you might as well give your six pences to Barney O'Coyle as to any one else." An instance of rare honesty, and showing how a dog may desire to pay his board bill, recently occurred in Fitchburg, Massachu setts. A lady saw a dog frequently abput her house picking up odd bits which had seen thrown out and one day she «ailed him in and fed him. The next day he came back, and as she opened the door he walked in and placed an egg on the floor, when he was again fed. The following day he brought another egg for his dinner ; and on the fourth he brought the old hen herself, who, it seems, had failed to furnish the required egg.