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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1873. THE TERRITORIAL FAIR. Two weeks from to-day (Monday, Septem ber 29th) the fourth annual fair of the Mon tana Agricultural, Mineral and Mechanical Association will be held on the Fair Grounds near this city. The annual exhibitions of this Association have been increasing in interest and importance from year to year, and this year's fair promises to be a great improve ment over its predecessors. From all por tions of the Territory we hear of articles and animals being sent for exhibition. Our peo pie are beginning to appreciate more fully the advantages to be derived from these an nual displays of the products of the country Probably there is no section of the United States which needs to be advertised more ex tensivelv than Montana. Situated hundreds of miles from all the main arteries of travel with her almost boundless resources hidden away amidst the mountains, our fair Terri tory has not what would, in commercial par lance, be called a good "business location.' To make up for this deficiency every effort should be made to advertise our resources, and opportunity to do so is offered by our annual fairs. Already the facts brought to light by these exhibitions, first announced by our home newspapers, are taken up by the press of the country and it becomes known throughout the United States that Montana can raise 102 bushels of wheat and C13 bush els of potatoes to the acre ; that our grass fed cattle are the best in the world ; and that our mines promise to excel in richness those of any other portion of the Union. This judi cious system of advertising our wealth should be continued and increased. Let our farmers, our miners, our stock raisers, and mechanics, remember that in making their contributions to the Fair they are not merely adding to a display which gratifies and encourages and gives renewed faith in the country to those that see it, but that they are, through thé mirror of the press, exhibiting to the world the attractions and advantages which Mon tana offers to labor and capital. While, therefore, a feeling of patriotism and pride should induce a full display at our annual fairs, the promptings of self interest should causp our producers to put forth evety effort to make these exhibitions as complete a re flection of the resources of our Territory as possible. Especially should our miners exert themselves more than ever before. Let them send as large and as valuable specimens of their ores as possible, with all the facts con nected therewith, such as assay value, width of crevice, depth from which taken, etc. Let them do this not with an idea of taking a small premium, but with a view to "show up" their mines and adyertise them. How many of our miners would spend a day or a week to show their mines to any one that might express a desire to see them ! And yet these same miders often fail to avail themselves of the advantages offered by the Fair whereby they may bring, their mines directly to the attention of hundreds of persons, and indi rectly to the notice of thousands of news paper readers throughout the United States at a very trifling expenditure of time and money. We are pleased to know that many of our miners will this year correct the mistakes which they have made in former years in this respect. Colonel J. A. Viall, the Superin tendent of the mineral department at the Fair, will this year have charge of one of the finest displays of gold and siver bearing ores ever seen in any country, and our miners should, as soon as possible, send him their specimens that they may be arranged and displayed to the best advantage. Our farmers and stock raisers are not less interested in making a finq display than the miners, for -while the capitalist considers the richness of a mine before he invests in it, he also considers the facilities for working. A diamond deposit might be next to worthless if situated in the midst of a desert, while it might be invaluable if surrounded by a coun try w hich admitted of cheap bread and meat. And so it is that one industry depends upon another, and the advertising of all the resour ces of the country becomes so desirable for the purpose of attracting first, capital, and after that labor and population as needed. The time is short within which exhibitors can make preparation for the Fair, and we urge them to immediate action. Let every one resolve to exhibit something which, will, through its presence, benefit the Territory and eventually themselves. NEW PAPER. Another namesake aspiring to fame and fortune. This time the Duluth Herald, with Dr. D'Unger, an accomplished journulist, as editor and publisher. It is creditably appear ing and ably conducted. The contente of the first number includes J. Proctor Knott's celebrated speech, in which the beauties and advantages of Duluth are depicted as they never were before or probably ever will be again. ... . We are reminded, by the bunging out of this new candidate fot public favor, that the Heralds of the country are all of them live, enterprising, prösperous, and enduring pa ners Sandwiched between the Helena Heb Kd and the one in New York, are the Her olds at Salt Lake, Denver, Omaha, Dubuque, rweland Utica, and at many other mter medfate towns of lesser note-all of them äriehüy, well-to-do prints-each staying and building up the institutions and peo T*?if* local "v. and winning its own well pie of its locality ^ » Herald 71II.IT* RV TELEGRAPH EINE. The military telegraph from San Diego, California, to Prescott and Tucson, Arizona, is being vigorously pushed forward by the Quartermaster's department and Geo. 8. Ladd contractor. Twenty miles of line was com pleted beyond San Diego last week. Another constructing party commenced work south of .Prescott this week, and II. R. Haines, Gen eral Superintendent of construction is en route to Fort Yuma, to start work with a third party at that point. The poles, wire and en tire equipment for six hundred and thirty miles of line is on the ground, and it is ex pected that the line will be completed about the first of January.— S. F. Bulletin , 8th. The construction under military auspices of of a telegraph line of 650 miles connecting Arizona with the California apd traus-conti nental. telegraph system offers an excellent pretext for advocating the early building of a similar line to connect Montana with the east and west wires south of us, or in lieu thereof the construction of a line to connect with eastern telegraphic communication at Bismarck. The condition of the W. U. line connecting the Territory with the trans-conti nental wdres is deplorable. The poles for nearly the entire distance between Helena and Corinne, 450 miles, are badly decayed and essentially worthless. Scarcely a week passes that the wires do not go down, and remain down for days at a time. It is the common experience now to be without tele graphic communication nearly one-half the time, and this condition of affairs is growing worse constantly. The fault is in no respect w r ith the employes in charge and operating the line. They are actiye and efficient, and the blame is not theirs if they are obliged to devote themselves mainly to field exercises and experiments in propping up poles and manipulating an electric current through a disconnected or fallen w ire. Citing our pres ent season's experience as an example, Mon tana finds herself in about the predicament of Iowa some years back, when the telegraph company strung their w ires across the State on corn-stalks. It operated well enough from early summer up to harvest time. Then the farmers gathered in their crops, and the wires went down and staid down for the remainder of the year and until other crops were suffi ciently grown to string the wires and set the ightning on its pins again. The needs of Montana are urgent for a new telegraphic line, capable of constant, uninterrupted operation. Aside from the wants in this respect, of the people of the Territory, the Government, which here has many thousands of Indians to deal with, and a considerable soldier force to maintain, feels the importance, if not the necessity, of a tele graph line to sustain certain and speedy com munication with the frontier. Serious losses have occurred to the Government, and many lives and much property have been sacrificed in Arizona, all or much of which might have been averted had a telegraph wire been strung into and across that Territory. The remedy for existing evils in this particular is now 7 about to be applied. Arizona will feel its benign effects immediately the wire is up and operating. The same would equally apply to Montana, cut off as she now is for a good part of each year from telegraphic connec tion. Let us have a military telegraph south to the lines daily working to the States, or one east to connect with the Northern Pacific wires at Bismarck. We have little faith that the W. U. Company will soon anticipate the wants of the country for better telegraphic facilities, and there is no immediate probable help for us in this matter unless the Goyern ment should conclude to serve Montana as it is now serving our sister Territory of Arizona. CALIFORNIA LEGISLATURE. The Sacramento Record of September 8th contains a list, by counties, of members com posing the two houses of the Legislature of California, which elects a U. S. Senator this coming winter. The list includes the hold over members as well as the members elect. A careful recapitulation makes this showing : SENATE. Republicans................... » .......19 Democrats........................ 14 Independents.............. 7 ASSEMBLY. Republicans......... 85 Democrats..............................26 Independents...........................29 Accepting these figures as correct, the next California Legislature 'will be composed of, Republicans, 44 ; Democrats, 40 ; Indepen dents, 36. Of the seven Independent Senators, four are Democrats, three Republicans. Of the twenty-nine Independent Assem blymen, fifteen are Republicans, fourteen Democrats. This exhibits a decidedly "mixed" com plexion of the Legislative body. Neither Republicans or Democrats can elect a Sena tor of their own strength. The Indepen dents, so-called, composed equally of the two parties, hold the balance of power. With this showing, which of the Senatorial aspirants is eligible to succeed Casserly? Will some one handy at conundrums, an swer? COUNTY ASSESSMENT. The several assessors are to-day making their returns to the County Commissioners. The assessment of the county will foot up in round numbers $2,700,000—which is some $300,000 more than last year. This result, considering the general cry about hard times and depreciated values, is truly gratifying. We hear the assessment spoken of as very thorough and generally satisfactory. Ex-Senatob Doolittle was recently ar rested for contempt by the Circuit Court of Peoria, Illinois. to to NO IRISHMAN NEED APPLY. The Irish citizens of Ohio, it seems, are up in arms against the Democracy. At a meet ing of Irish Democrats in Cincinnati a few nights ago several of the speakers, prominent in the political councils of their countrymen inyeighed in strong language against the in justice and oppression of the party vrith which they had alvvhys acted. Said one of the rebellious orators : " The Irishmen of the United States had about come to the conclusion that they should! be made mere use of by the Democratic party than for the straightening of the party lines and the election of the party ticket. The Irish were always relied on to vote the ticket anyhow, and no effort was ever made to please them by putting men of their choice up for office. They were simply used, as voting machines by the Democratic party If one of their number was given a nomina tion for office, it was not with a view of electing him, but to add strength to the ticket and help others into office." Another indignant Irishman, called to the rostrum, delivered himself in the following very plain terms : "An Irishman had very little chance of an election even after he was nominated. The Democrats didn't give a fig for the Irish can didate. They had nominated him for office a couple of times, and taken precious good care to get him defeated ; and that, too, when others on the same ticket were elected. How was it in Cincinnati now ; was there an Irish man occupying any position of any value ? Not one. Some might be found sweeping out the court-house or sweeping the streets, but not one in a position worth anything. After the election the Irish vote helped to carry, it seemed to him, the party machinery fell into the hands of rings and" cliques for the advancement of private ends, and the Irish were left out altogether." That's what we call " talking right out in meeting." And the fact of the matter is, the Irishmen spoke the truth. Tlicir arraign ment of the Democracy of Ohio applies with equal force to the Democracy of Montana. The political experiences of the Irish wing of the party arc not dissimilar in State and Ter ritory. Especially is this true if applied to this part of Montana, as the above is parti cularly applied to the Cincinnati .part of Ohio. In this county, latterly, if an Irish man gets a nomination from the Democracy, the Missouri wing of the party see to it that he is not elected. In the first stages of the new order of things Cavanaugh fell a victim. Next came Maginnis, nominated for Con gress, who was defeated in his own town and county to the tune of nearly 200. Last came Con McHugh, candidate for Sheriff, who, while carrying several of his Missouri political friends into office, was himself slaughtered by the "left wing," sharing the fate of those of his countrymen nominated for office who had gone before him. Repub licans keep better faith than that. When they nominate an Irishman he receives the party vote. We instance the case of Powers, elected Sheriff, and of Daly, twice elected Assessor. Another year the Democracy w r ill put forward Word, Napton, Chadwick, Bruce, Street, or some other " white Democrat"— as the Montana Democracy term a leader of the dominating wing of the party—and the Irishmen, as usual, will be expected to work square in the party harness, and pull the can didate into office. CONTRACT FOR CARRYING THE MAIES REFUSED. A dispatch from Washington to the New York Times says: "Hon. Benjamin F. Wade, Mr. Mead, and C. C. Coffin, who have recently been here in the interests of the Northern Pacific Railroad, have utterly failed in accomplishing their purposes. They had desired to secure from the Post Office Depart ment a contract for the transportation of the mails from Bismarck to Helena, Montana Territory, a distance of about 800 miles. They had hoped by the establishfiient of the new route to divert passenger travel to the Territories from the Union Pacific Road, and to make the mail route a route for the gen eral transportation of all mail matter for the Northwestern Territories. Thej r presented their case to the Postmaster General, with the proposition to furnish the service for $150,000 annually. The Postmaster General has declined absolutely to establish mail ser vice over the proposed route. Under the new law, a private contract, at the farthest, could only* be made until July 1, next, and the De partment has adopted the general policy of making no private contracte where public contracts can be obtained by advertisement. Moreover, the Department is not advised of any present necessity for the establishment of a mail route 800 miles in length along the northern boundary, where are few settle ments, and at present little travel." Jay Gould is the latest victim of the New York World's double-leaded castigation. The cause of the chastisement is his recent and meditated operations in the gold market. The World says that "there is no commercial per fidy of which Gould has not been guilty, and no social infamy which he has not earned." Besides this, he is denounced as a "scurvy rascal who is now making an open attack upon the prosperity and industry of the whole country," and is "(he latest and the worst of those disturbers of the peace whom the de pravity of human nature has engendered, and to whom an era of inflation has given an era." One would suppose that this was quite enough to settle Mr. Gpuld's hash, but the World has a different opinion of his powers of en durance, and says that while it is "too early yet to sound a pœaji" over his defeat, it does not propose "to quit the pursuit of him or of any other of the pirates who have embarked with him, until they are recognized every where as emcmies of the human race, and arc sunk in defeat, obscurity and impotence.*' m of a up few in vrith of had The to as of the an ? to for the in of to of FIRST district assessment, lewis ADD CLARKE CO. We are indebted to Mr. 8. C. Ashby, the very efficient Assessor, for the following ex hibit showing the. assessment for the First District of Lewis and Clarke county for the year 1873: 22,880 acres land, with improv'ts, $ 145,288 ' — * " 571,073 1,579 town lots 1,018 horses, valued at.......... 59,632 380 mules.................... 33,645 902 sheep.................... 3,716 1,208 oxen . 39,767 .1,582 cows............ 38,285 588 heifers and steers......... 7,893 432 calves.................... 2,585 21 bulls..................... 1,175 806 hogs................. . • 7,390 591 wagons and carriages..... 44,369 258 watches.................. 14,073 172 clocks................... 1,512 29 musical instruments....... 5,245 60 pieces jewelry............ 4.658 14 gold and silver plate....... 1,576 1,999 shares stock.............. 183,730 Merchandise.................... 513,415 Capital invested in manufactures.. 21,500 Money and credits............... 361,299 Household furniture............. 14,475 All other property............... 214,585 Total.......................$2,290,880 The total assessment in the county for the year 1872 amounted to $2,338,578—being an excess of only $47,698 over the assessment in this District alone for the year 1873. The total assessments in the several dis tricts of the county for the year 1873 foot up as follows : First District....................$2,290,880 Second " 161,400 Third " 246.450 Total.......................$2,698,730 Assessments in the county, 1872. .$2,338,578 Excess over 1872............$ 360,152 This is certainly an excellent showing, con sidering the doieful stories told about loss of wealth, depreciated property, etc. As stated yesterday, the assessment is spoken of as thorough and highly satisfactory to the great mass of tax-payers. Letter from General Sherman. Washington, September 15.-The Chronicle this morning publishes the following inter esting letter from General Sherman : To the Editor of the Chronicle :—Dear Sir. When you applied to me some time ago for the material bearing on the controversy of Who burned Columbia?" I gave you two hurried pamphlets which I had obtained from Judge Holt, containing all the testimony taken in the cotton cases growing out of that event and submitted to the Mixed Commis sion appointed to adjudicate these cases under the treaty with Great Britain. Judge Holt could have obtained the testimony of all the 8,000 or 10,000 officers and soldiers who were at or near Columbia when the conflagration occurred, but he thought he had enough with out putting the government to the expense of bringing more witnesses from a distance. I suppose he did not summon Col. Stone, who commanded the leading brigade of the 15th corps, because he did not know where to find him. I surely did not know of his where abouts until he voluntarily published his statement. In my official report of the affair, published before the close of the war, when General Wade Hampton was fighting us, and not when (as he alleges) he was a prisoner of war, I referred incidentally to the fact of which I had knowledge, that a small detach ment of the 17th corps had passed over the Congaree and had entered Columbia and hoisted a flag on the new State House in ad vance of the entry of the 15th corps, which had made a circuit to cross the two branches, ßaluda and Broad, which makes the Conga ree. I treated the performance of this de tachment a^ somewhat irregular, but the men ho composed it now become important wit nesses, and I herewith enclose copies of their written statements, together with the official reports, which explain the whole affair. hese witnesses go back to a time three quar ters of an hour before the entry of the head of Stone's brigade, and about two hours ahead of the time I personally reached the place of burning cotton, of which there were many, and I invite your careful perusal of their statements, for they are positive that they saw the rebel cavalry soldiers ripping open the bales of cotton and applying fire. They also saw the rebel soldiers, plundering the stores on the main street, which Gen. Hamp ton attributes to our men ; and they further positively assert that Hampton had already gone out of Columbia, so that he could not and did not see his men applying the fire. Now Hampton asserts that the cotton was rolled out into the streets for the purpose of burning, but that he forbade the burning lest the fire should extend to the house. I reiU erate that no matter what his orders were, th« men of his army, either his rear guard or his stragglers did apply the fire, and that this was a sufficient cause for all else that fol lowed. With great respect yours, W. T. SHERMAN. General. Destructive Fire. Rondolt, N. Y., September 15—11:15 a. m -—A great conflagration is raging in this place. The entire fire department is fighting the flames. There is no telling where the fire will end. The Lutheran church, Thomp son's pork packing establishment, and the canal stables are on fire. One whole block of buildings have been entirely destroyed, i The wind is from the southwest and blowing ] a gale. Kingston, N. Y., September 10—2:30 a «oi.—The Rondout fire is now under crtit!* 1 - The stables of Keernan & Mcöhant* L* w_ rence Kercbner, and Jno. Derrenban ^j ^ c * Mullen & Jones' store, the pork xp m es tablishment of Thompson & gk ,> <1 the Lutheran church were burned s % ^ $50, is of of est on of ed ed. the new will We will on the ed by to age or that ful ores one of and d tl I fiat I ont value *68 Red The Ten Mile Silver District. Trie Road Therelo-Gcneral stat«* and Future Prospects—Working 0| the New Mining Law—Silver us Seen by "Old Hopefnl." Raj, Knowing by oft repeated experience the invigorating effects of a few days absence from the "genial influences" of metropolitan life, we took passage on one of the splendid four-in-hand stage, express and freight outfits that makes regular trips to the Upper Ten Mile The first thing noticed of importance was the construction camp of the road builders, just above the mouth of the canyon, where the work of improvement, so much needed from that point to Clarkson, is under the supervision of Mr. Brown, an experience road-builder. The new road will diverge in many places from the one now used, avoiding several bad crossings of the creek, and materially shortening the distance. It is intended to have the work completed within six weeks, if possible, provided there is money enough on hand to do it. A good road to the head of Ten Mile is a matter of the highest impor tance, not only to those engaged in develop ing the mines, but to every business man in the county, and they should see to it that the work is carried to completion. The general aspect of the country has un dergone a marked change during the present seasoD, and comfortable dwellings, black smith shops, shaft-houses, etc., are taking the place of last year's unbroken forest soli tude. When first coming in sight of Red Mountain, the old land-mark whose bald peak, far above the line of vegetation, stands seutinel over the glittering treasure along its base, one can see the numerous cabins, tun nels and dump-piles of the various companies working on the northern face of the moun tain, the highest and most prominent of which the New York Company's works on the Macawber lode, under the superintendency of Mr. Boyd, who, we believe, has the largest force of men employed of any company in the district. They have ample resources, which are now being liberally used in sub stantial improvements and developments. The company own a large number of lodes, and they seem determined to know something their value. A short distance below, the number of leads staked literally cover the ground for miles square. The most prowi those on which work has been done and paying ore extracted, are the Try Again, and Silver Glance, belonging to Messrs. Hoyt & Co.; the Little Emma and North Pacific, the property of J. H. Russell, and fine I'reka, lately purchased by a stock company, the last named lead has a tunnel driven in some seventy-five feet along the course of the lode, which exposes a continuous vein of high grade ore. The company are now singing in the tunnel for a lower level. The North Pacific lode has not been worked w ith the vigor, we think, the high assay of the ore and the char acter of the lead warrants. A tunnel has been started to work the South Pacific, which joins, and is an extension of the North Pacific. Messrs. Hoyt & Co. have the deep shaft on the mountain (over 100 feet) and recent developments warrent the assertion that their heavy expenses will be repaid a hundred fold. The main object this summer, with a few 7 exceptions, seems to have been to secure leads and cover the mountain with holes and stakes, which has been effectually done. You will find them on the road-side, along every trail, in the brush and thickets, high rocky points and in deep ravines, so numerous and intricate that all the lawyers and surveyors in the Territory w ill find it dif ficult'to uuravel their complications. Pros pecting has not been confined to the vicinity Red Mountain alone, but has been extend to the opposite side of the creek, where several very promising lodes have been locat Then further up the creek, several of old locations are beiug opened up and r discoveries made. In short, there is a scope of country about six miles square, of which Red Mountain in the nucleus, which be pretty thoroughly prospected by the time snow falls, that is proving to be thickly threaded with argentiferous lodes. understand that nearly all the miners w ho have been prospecting during the summer develop their discoveries the coming winter, and should their leads prove as gooi an average as those already opened, it 1Sn ° reacji of fancy to say that within two years Ten Mile District will surpass any othe silver producing section of like extent in tut world. . No general mining law, no matter no carefully guarded anti provisioned, can at a] itselt to all sections of the country anti to * classes of mines. Hence in this d ist ne , * as others, there is some dissatistac. manifest on general principles, but the fc majority of the miners seem to be weil P J with its provisions, and as soon as 11 | titles, under Territorial law, become e I non-representation, the new 7 law wi the benefit of the real miner, and < i ^ , the speculator and gobbler. Lvei) . i must be represented each year by a ç ^ amount of work or improvements, mm speculator must develop the propel ty otherwise it is open to t hose who w i , After a visit to the ai.-uiy differeu are inspection that are being brought to the sm Here si v * , * x **"t 5 gufivnuj, galena, broken and sorted for the sm^ ^ at present being worked, and a C 'V ection of the various classes m ;s urnt are being brought to thejii ^ p is utterly lost m contemplating the n Te " s .x*rkling and glittering lies sever#* ' ^ajfüu, broken and sorted for the sine £ vo * ^ short distanae of another l 1 ' l> heavy silver glance, then again y u '^, r . another lode produced an entirely i class of ore, suited more especially [)0 centration and mill process. i:i probability that these leads will (,c ' :U ' tr;i rv as depth is gained, but on the c<> ^jj development only increases their :'j ()n < richness, and therefore the brighter - , (: - conjured up by the old prospector» 0 jj as lliey toiled up the steep euJt ^aii Mountain, are likely to he n realized at ho very distant day.