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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - Editor. TUIRSDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1873. A DESPERATE .HAY KILLED. Our telegrams contain an account of a bold but unsuccessful attempt made yesterday 10th inst., near Hugo, Colorado, to rob M Brooks, U. S. Paymaster, while on his way from the railroad station to the camp of the Sixth Calralry to pay off .the troops stationed in that locality. Geo. W. Graham, men tioned as one of the highwaymen, is a North Carolinian, standing six feet two inches his stockings, and is as reckless and daring character as the "turpentine orchards" of the Carolinas erer produced. At tlie breaking out of the late war, Graham, then 21 years of age, embarked among the first in the Southern cause, serving with the "Tar Heels at Newbern, Wilmington, Little Washing ton, and other tragetical *poiuts in North Carolina, prior to their capture and occupa tion by the Union forces. In the march of Burnside on Newbern, Graham with an inde pendent command of some scores of "turpen tine pickers," bush-whacked the advancing column, front and rear, at every available point, and annoyed und deiayed the move ment toward the Neuce exasperatiugly. Sub sequently, after the old tlag waived again along Albemarle and Pamlico sounds, Graham deserted from the Confederate forces station ed at Kingston, and, with a dozen or more of his command, rode into the Federal lines, asked for a uniform of blue in place of nis "butternuts," and the privilege of fighting on the Federal side to the end of the war. His request was granted, and a commission with rank of captain was conferred upon him. , Taking his deserter comrades for a nucleus, Graham soon recruited from beyond the Union outposts a squadron of "Tar Heels," which in squads of six and a dozen came Hocking through the pineries, for uniform and equipment, to Newbern. For eighteen months and until peace was conquered, Gra ham and his mounted scouts, acting indepen dent of the regular forces, or detailed to spe cial and at times desperate scouting duty, made themselves the terror of Confederate picket lines and outpost camps, capturing on their expeditions many prisoners, gaining valuable information, and carrying conster nation into the ranks of the enemy. The re bellion over, Graham applied for a position in the regular army. His record for gallantry and ability to command, won in the vol unteer service, readily procured what he asked, and he was commissioned to the Tenth Cavalry, with rank of captaiu. He could not brook subordination, was insolent, domi neering, addicted to gambling, drinking, and other vices, and his regular army experience terminated with a court martial and disgrace ful dismissal from the service. Since then he has been an adventurer, of dissolute habits, living for the most part in the States and Territories of the West, and devoting most of his time to "bucking the tiger." He turned highwayman yesterday ; a slug of cold lead overtook him in his attempt at murder aad robbery, and he dies with his boots on. The Misses Hunter, of Morristown, N. J., having spent an agreeable summer vacation from their home, lately arrived in New York, previous to their starting for 31 orristown, and purchasing at the 31orris and Essex depot the necessary tickets, presented the same to the baggage-master, respectfully requesting him to have their trunks, seventeen in num ber, checked. The shrewd dignitary gave a long, shrill whistle, and informed them that the express office w as the proper place in which to apply if they wished to take their trunks with them, ns each passenger was al lowed but 100 pounds of baggage. Inquiry at the latter place revealed the fact that the exorbitant tariff of $1.25 was demanded for each trunk. Upon the ladies remonstrating the expressman gallantly relented and agreed to send the contraband goods for $1 eacb. But the ladies, remembering that a passenger (and a trunk if he chose) is carried over the road for 80 cents, demurred even to this mag nanimity, and without further ado quietly walked to the ticket office and bought fifteen tickets. These they exhibited and the bag gage official gave the ladies the checks which they sought. Tlrc result of this financial manœuvre is that the 31isscs Hunter have fifteen tickets, only two being demanded of them by the conductor ; as they ate good un til used, according to stipulation, the com pany may be compelled to transport fifteen passengers, with as many trunks, if neces-. sary, from New 7 York to Morristowu. St. Louis is undoubtedly the wealthiest of Western cities. A careful analysis of its as sessment list shows that she has ten million aires, three of whom are worth over $10, 000,000, fifty men worth between $500,000 and $1,000,000, seventy worth between $300, 000 and $500,000; three hundred worth be tweep $100,000 and $300,000; five huadred worth between $50,000 and $100,000; and two thousand worth between $25,000 and $50,000. __ Judos Advocate Gen. Holt has decided that Indians not taxed are not citizens of the United States, and that consequently they are not amenable to any other than a military tribunal. This decision was given as a defi nite answer to the petitions that hare been sent to Washifigton by the peace policy men, asking that the sentence of death against the Modoc* be set aside because they were not tried by a civil court. in in GOLD. in a Gold in New York to-day is quoted fraction above 1:11. A few days since ruled as high as 1:16£, and for months it varied from 1:18 to 1:16 and above. people arc puzzled in their attempts to count for these eccentric and very considera ble tlucturtious in gold. Great numbers •bankers, financiers, and others, conversant with the money market, the condition of country, the status of the Government and other of the more important matters posed to affect the money world, near or mote, aver that such noticeable upsets of ney values ought not to be and really no good reason to be. Gold is not worth premium of 11 to-day and 16 to-morrow, the reverse, as is relatively the experience the market in these times. There is seem ingly " a screw loose" somewhere to cause these sudden and astounding fluctuations the price of gold and of Government paper —for one is the same as the other, so speak, and both are equally variable and certain in quotable value. The recent very material decline is possibly in some degree attributable to the covering into the Treasury by Congressmen of their back-pay steal. Our own impression, however, is that $15,500,000 just received from our cousins over the water in satisfaction of the Geneva award, the final payment by France of war indemnity to the German creditor, and some other trifling squaring up of accounts, have [md more to do with the gold tumble, j'f we add that the nation's exports this year exceed by some millions our imports, leaving a handsome balance in our favor; that tlie ifacturing, agricultural, and other terests are greatly prospered, iyid that the whole country is unusually well "fixed,'' the problem is solved, and we know why gold has got down to 1:11, and why, if there easonably good management on the part the nation's money bureau, we may expect gold to fall to a still lower notch. PEOPLES' SAVINGS. The savings institutions of New York State number 150, the depositors nearly one million, and the deposits amount to $285, 000 , 000 . " 111 England the system is under the protec tion of the government, and forms a bureau of the Post Office Department. The num ber of accounts in Great Britain, at the close of 1872, were 2,867,505. Besides the P. O. Savings Banks there are in that country the Trustee Savings system. In France the savings of the people are loaned to the government, or kept in con cealment. The readiness with which the French paid the German war indem nity is due to the Emperor's secret savings of the people. Louis Napoleon borrowed large sums of the people for internal im provements. It is estimated that the yearly savings, or excess of income over cost of living, amount to 2,000,000,000 francs. The late Emperor got hold of a large amount of these savings, by paying liberal interest; patriotism has drawn still larger amounts from their banking places. A cable dispatch announces that the last payment of the five milliards German indemnity fund has already been met. France ought to devise some way to perpetuate a governmental savings system. 31oney should not be boarded. The savings plan is a vast improvement over the old time private chest, both for the individual and the public. ELECTION IN NEW MEXICO. The general election which recently too place in New 3Iexico resulted in à Repub lican triumph. Returns of the vote for Del egate to Congress show the election of Stephen B. Elkins, Republican, by a majority of over 2,000. The present Delegate, Padre Gal legas, Democrat, wanted a re-election, and was put forward by bis party as the opposing candidate. Santa Fe county was reclaimed from the Democracy, and cast a majority for Elkins and the whole Republican ticket of over 500. Tltleti People Coming: to Montana. A Duluth correspondent of the St. Paul Pioneer announces the visit to that place of Lord Adair, Earl of Dunraven, and • lady. They are described as "highly educated and accomplished, but modest and unassuming persons, who accommodate themselves to circumstances without deeming it necessary to turn up their noses at everybody and every- I thing. The lady, beautiful in person and | charming in manners, has utterly vanquished such sturdy republicans ns R. and myself, although at the outset of our acquaiutancc with these members of the noblesse, we bristled up fiercely, as if we anticipated be ing brought in contact with hereditary foes. Now, if the lady should demand it, R. would gladly lace her garter, or like Walter Raleigh, Queen Bess' time, spread his best overcoat a mud-puddle to save her delicate slipper from being soiled." The correspondent adds that the Earl and his lauly are not in robust health, to which they seek to be restored by roughing it on tbe extreme frontier and by vigorous exercise. They will leave for Montana in u few days via St. Paul. They are accompanied by a medical gentleman, Dr. George Kingsley, an extremely intereatiug and intelligent person, himself an author, and a brother of the more noted Charles Kingsley, author of "Ghtucus," "Two Years Ago," and other works. The warm weather at Walla Walla, W. T., recently catised the thermometer to steadily mark 100 degrees in the shade for seven suc cessive days. at a it has The ac of the debt, sup re mo have a or of cause in paper to un very the her and tlie in the the is of THE TICHBOKNE TRIAJL. In the Tickborne case, Dr. Kenealy, attor ney for the claimant, in the third week of his speech, (which is still progressing from day to day witliout any prospect of its immediate ending,) referred to the marks alleged bv scores of witnesses to have been on Roger Tichboines arm, and which are not on the defendant s arm. His contention is, says a correspondent, that Roger was not tattooed, and that all the evidence that he was is fabri cated first by Mr. Bowker and then by Lord Bellew, (who swore that he himself tattooed Roger,) and finally by scores of others. No idea can be given of the torrent of invec tive Dr. Kenealy poured out as he made these charges. Utterly regardless of the presence of the Bench, he addressed himself to the jury and at Mr. Bowker, who sat unmoved below him. He made no attempt to conceal his meaning. He openly admitted that con spiracy and perjury were "the logical effect" of his charges j and, once again referring to Lord Bellew's private life, he begged the jury to declare that the man who had basely seduced his friend's wife was unworthy to be believed upon oath. A storm was evidently impending. In a few minutes it burst. A reference to Chatillon—who seems to have been Roger Tichborne's paidayogos rather than strictly his tutor—as "a valet," drew from the Lord Chief Justice the indignant remonstrance, " That is a most improper re mark." "I say it is a proper remark," said Dr. Kenealy. "I say it is not, sir." "With all submission to your lordship, I say it is. I do not wish for a discussion w ith your lord ship;" "Nor will I have a discussion with you, sir," was the retort; "1 have had enough of them." "It was a proper remark," per sisted Dr. Kenealy ; "it was my duty to make it." "It is your duty," spverely interposed 3Ir. Justice Alellor, "to follow those rules w hich guide a gentleman in the performance of his duty." "I know a gentleman's con duct as w r ell as you, m3 7 lord," cried Dr. Kenealy, swinging around towards Justice Mellor; "I beg you will not repeat that ob servation." "I repeat it," said Mr. Justice Mellor. "You shall not repeat it to me, rny lord," called out Dr. Kenealy. "I will not allow you, sir," interrupted the Lord Chief Justice, "to address a member of the Bench in that tone." "If a member of the Bench," cried Dr. Kenealy, "forgets his duty he must be properly rebuked." To the surprise of all in court, the Lord Chief Justice, instead of ordering Dr. Kenealy's committal, repeated, "You shall not speak of the Bench in that way, sir," and, ns it he was actually trying to I drive his lordship to commit him, Dr. Kenealy | again retorted that his remarks were "called for." "I say you shall not address them to me, sir," was the reply. " I address them to you, gentlemen of the jury," said the learned counsel, turning round towards the "sheep pen;" and so ended this extraordinary alter cation. Madison County Items. From the Montanian , September 11 th: Mr. Lewis Fullhart informs us that times about Silver Star are looking up a littfe. Aiuslie & Tripp are working the Victoria with good prospects. Their mill will start up next week. Other ledges in the camp are looking well. Mr. Roe, of Helena, has been over and made some investments in the new placer mines near Silver Star, and intends to thoroughly develop them. Mr. James Riches, in town, tells us the Lower Willow creek farmers have about finished harvesting. The crops are good in quality, but much lighter than last year. There is considerable excitement in the lower portion of the county over some lately discovered silver mines on the Big Hole. The say is that they are bigger and richer than any yet discovered in the Territory. giugs in that cam P> and sa >' the Y have w *?es grouncl ^ or several years to come. They brought in 101 ounces of dust $18.35 per ounce. We are glad of good luck, and hope to see them realize hand somely from their new purchase. 3Ir. G. P. Worthington, of Pipestone, called Monday and informed us that he had consummated a sale of his extensive mining ground lying between the two Pipestones, to a Chinese company for twelve thousand dol lars. The China company intend working a I large force of men, and he thinks will take | out good money every week. The last week Ed. Stiles and Joe Wallbank were in from I Washington Bar on Sunday. They have re- a cently purchased some new hydraulic dig- | that sold at I of their I two top, the we the T is is most to dred for for They with to good he worked the grouncPit paid $15 to the baud per day. Mr. W. has other ground in the neighborhood he expects to develop The late discovery on Pipestone, about which there was so much excitement, is turning out beyond the most sanguine hopes of the discoverers. Out of the shaft sunk by the discovery company over one hundred dollars was taken. Ninety-seven claims above discovery and forty-five below have been taken up. Last Tuesday wm represen tation day in camp. Great hopes are based on the extent and richness of the mines. A motion will be argued this mouth before Judges Hunt and Woodruff, holding the United States Circuit Court in Hartford to dismiss, for w ant of jurisdiction, the soit of the United States ys. the Union Pacific Rail road and Crédit Mobilier rj America. Each of Yliu defendants have tlie right to make a motion by separate counsel, but Judge Ben jamin R. Curtiss, of 3fassachusetts, counsel for several of the defendant* most largely interested, will represent all in a single test case, while the principal argument on behalf of the Govcituncnt will be made by Judge Aaron F. Perry, of Cincinnati ~ WONDERLAND. * Touring it Through the National Park-Tower River Falla—The "Rev il*s Hoof"—Natural Towers about the Cataract—Grand Canyon ot the Yellowstone—Tower Rock —Trout Fishing in the River—Scaling Mount Washburne— Upper and Cower Falls * of the Yellowstone—A Water Jump of 850 Foot—Alum ana Sulphur Springs—A Hind Geyser—Yellowstone Lake —Raft Navigation—Personal Mention—Pluck and Pleasantries of the Cady Tourists« etc. Camp Walker, > Yellowstone Lake, August 30, 1878.) After a stay of thirty-six hours at the Mammoth Hot Springs we packed our mules and started in pursuit of more wondess. Crossing the south fork of Gardener's river, about a mile from the old camp, we followed the trail up a little canyon, passing Gardner River-Falls on the right and Mount Everts on the left. The morning was clear and beauti ful, and all being mounted on good horses we made fair progress, reaching camp, eleven miles distant, about 12 o'clock— the "Whispering Pines," in the midst of a beautiful grove. Here we remained until the next morning, 8 o'clock, when we started for Tower River Falls, our uext camping ground, a distance of only ten miles—a short drive, but we were compelled either to stop there or go on sixteen miles further, on account of wood and water—a task which would have been rather severe, especially on the ladies. Tower creek rises in the high divide between the valleys of the Missouri and the Yellow stone, and flows for about ten miles through a canyon which is said to be so deep and gloomy that it has fitly earned the appellation "Devil's Den." Two or three hundred yards above its entranee into the Yellowstone, the stream pours over an abrupt descent of one hundred and fifty-six feet, forming one of the most beautiful falls to be found in any country. These falls are about 260 feet above the level of the Yellowstone, at the junction, and are surrounded by columns of volcanic breccia, rising fifty feet above the falls and extending down to the foot, standing like gloomy sentinels at the entrance of some grand temple. One could almost imagine that the idea of the Gothic style of architec ture had been caught from such carvings of nature. The symmetry of some of these col umns is remarkable, and we cannot better describe them than by quoting from a tour ist who has gone before us : "Some resemble towers, others the spires of churches, and others still shoot up as lithe and slender as the minarets of a mosque. Some of the loftiest of these formations, standing upon the very brink of the falls, are accessible to an expert and adventurous climber. The position attained on one ©f their narrow summits, amid the uproar of 7 aters and at a height of 250 feet above the boiling ebasm, as the writer can affirm, re quires a steady head and strong nerves; yet the view which rewards the temerity of the exploit is full of campensations. Below the fall the stream descends in numerous rapids with frightful velocity through a gloomy gorge, to its union with the Yellowstone. Its bed is filled with enormous boulders, against which the rushing "waters break with great fury." Mr. Langford, in stating that it requires a steady head and strong nerve to make the ascent and obtain a position 250 feet above the chasm, was quite correct, for several of our party- who pride themselves in having abun dance of pluck, failed to accomplish the feat, while only two were successful—3Iiss Maggie Walker and her brother Blaine. She reported task as an arduous one, but nevertheless expressed themselves as fully compensated. party did not make the ascent, still they ob tained fine views of the fall from either side From that commanding eminence they saw "Devil's Hoof," a huge mass resembling I cloven foot, in burnt day, perched sixty in height. Although oalance of the | the canyon, which in appearance is not I unlike*3Iinnehaha, though far loftier and of | greater volume. The second canyon of the Yellowstone commences here (at the mouth of Tower creak.) It is very grand, and were it not eclipsed by the Grand Canyon just above, would attract much attention. It is about miles in length, and the river winds through it on beautiful rapids. The rock on either side are about 600 feet in height and nearly perpendicular. Near the on the western side is a huge stone wall, exactly resembling the stockades surrounding ! old frontier posts. They are apparently he twenty feet in hèight, and more cor-1 imitate the work of man than anything ever saw in Nature's handiwork. Near center of the canyon, on the west side, is ower Rock, about 200 feet in height aqd conical at the top. In diameter it about fifty feet at the ba$e. After replenishing the inner man with a palatable dinner, we strolled off down the rushing Yellowstone, only a few hun yards from camp, to indulge in a little piscatorial pastime and amusement. This is said to be one of the best op the river fishing, and such we presume is the case, three of opr party-Blaine Walker, Harry Lambert, and — Starr (one of tlie soldiers)— caught tine strings, mostly salmon trout. were larger fish than usually caught a hook, many of them weighing three four pounds each. The jolly Stan one which weighed, we believe, up of five pounds, and it was not a very day for fishing either. The following day we traveled fill our about of on ble two arc iety of 18 miles—the longest day's ride yet accom plished on horseback, and in sonie respects probably the most difficult. On this ride we passed over the west side of 3Iount Wash burn, at an altitude of 9,500 feet. At this great height we found quite a change in t i 1( . atmosphere, and the ladies were compelled to put on warmer garments to shield them selves from the cold. This mountain was named in honor of Gen. Washburn, the gal lant leader of the Yellowstone expedition m 1870. of About two miles beyond the Mount we halted an hour for lunch, and to wait for the pack train, which was some distance in the rear. We then proceeded through a beauti. open country until we reached our camp on the banks of the Yellowstone, between the upper and lower falls, where we arrived about three o'clock p. m. Of the sublime beauty and grandeur of these falls a great deal has been said and written, but never too much. We stood for hours and gazed at them in silent awe and admiration. To at tempt a portrayal of these great wonders of nature and do them justice would only end in failure, and we shall leave that task to those who are more ambitious to display their powers of rhetoric and description. We are content at this time to adopt a few quotations from eminent tourists w.lio have visited these wonderful regions in advance. "A grander scene than the lower cataract of the Yellow stone," writes 3Ir. Langford, " was never witnessed by mortal eyes. The volume seemed to be adapted to all the harmonies of the surrounding scenery. Ilad it been greater or smaller it would have been less impressive. Thé river, from a width of 200 feet above the falls, is compressed by con verging rocks to 150 feet where it takes the plunge. The shelf over which it falls is as level and even as a work of art. The hndit, by actual line measurement, is a few inches more than 350 feet. It is a sheer, compact, solid, perpendicular sheet, faultless in all the elements of grandeur and picturesque beauties. The canyon, which commences at the upper fall, half a mile abo' r e this cataract, is here a thousand feet in depth. From a shelf pro truding over the stream 500 feet below the top of the canyon, and 180 feet above the verge of the cataract, a member of our com pany, lying prone upon the rock, let down a cord, with a stone attached, into the gulf and measured its profoundest depths. The life and sound of the cataract, with its sparkling spray, and fleecy foam, contrasts strangely with the sombre stillness of the canyon a mile below 7 . There all was darkness, gloom, and shadow ; here all was vivacity, gaiety, and delight. One was the most unsocial, the other the most social, scene in natuie. Between the lower and upper falls . he canyon is 200 to nearly 400 feet deep. The upper fall is entirely unlike the other, hut in its peculiar character equally interesting. For some distance above it the river breaks into frightful rapids. The stream is nar rowed between the rocks as it, approaches the brink, and bounds with impatient struggles for release, leaping through the stony jaws in a sheet of snow-white foam, over a preci pice nearly perpendicular, 115 feet high. [Mr. Langford has evidently made a mistake in his estimate, as Dr. Hayden, in his report of the U. S. Geological Survey, gives the height as 140 feet.] Midway in its descent the entire volume of water is carried, by the sloping surface of an intervening ledge, 12 or 15 feet beyond the vertical base of the precipice ; gaining therefrom a novel and in teresting feature." Iu referring to the Grand Canyon. I)r. Hayden aptly says : - "No language can do justice to its wonderful grandeur and beauty. It lias no parallel in tlie world. Through the eye alone can any just idea be gained of its strange, awful, fascinating, unearthly blend credible, sceues it rev< of the Washburn part iug of the majestic and beautiful; ami even iu its visible presence the mind fails to com preheiid the weird and unfamiliar, almost in eals." Two members party in 1870—Sami T. Hauser and Benj. Stickney, jr._descended into this terrific canyon at a point about two river. In liis report to the War Department he gives a very interesting account of the perilous undertaking, which, we believe, was miles below the falls. By actual measure ment they found it to be 1,190 feet deep. Their ascent, it is said, was attended with great difficulty and peril, and it was only by making good use of tlieir hands and feet and ; the nerves braced to the utmost ten sion, that they were enabled to clamber up the precipitous rocks to a safe landing place. Lieut. Doaue, U. S. A., commanding the military escort of the expedition, also made the descent several miles further down the published in the Hekald. From the Falls to the Lake is a distance <>l eigliten miles, and this we made yesterday. Although we didn't get an early start and tarried some time on the way to view the in tervening wonders, still we arrived at 01 i! destination early in the afternoon. / Between the Falls and the Lake, and ab>jp equi-distant, are some of the most wondÄt fill phenomena that we have yet beheld/ 00 our tour through the National Park. /[bout eight miles from the Falls is a clear st/^m water, strongly charged with ah i ,u - ^ *' = - 0 Î f" tlie called Alum creek. We drank >on< (; <h water, and can testify that it has :Ul ul * pleasant taste to a weary and thirstv !niu ' l a warm day. Its source is in a r * ul " !n ble group of sulphur andalum spring'* two miles further on. All about these q» * I \ :il - arc evidences of volcanic action in r ,! ' iety and profusion. The first tlii/ 1 ® ,u ' any importance, and which att Vftt, eJ 01 attention most of all, was a sulpl» ul d ,r " r