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y m iLffi n * ! M V.' 3» Ö* £t' r I a $ .-■:#! |nfg v-; i £'.£ sis ;:-l c ä* u *as ÄK 4 nn: m f iÄÄtoJp w t*#L ®iïr SP» SSS» ygr-, M « vC\\v\' «s Volume 7. Helena, Montana, Thursday, September 25; 1873. No. 44 TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION TERMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. City Subscriber*, delivered by Carrier, per month, f3 00 BY WAIL. One copy one month..............*...............$3 00 One copy three mouths.........................6 00 One copy six mouths............................12 00 One copy one year...............................22 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year.......................... 86 00 Six months..................................... 4 00 Three months....................................2 50 THE WEEKLY HERALD PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY MORNING. D. W. >. J. FISK FISK : ( FISK BEOS., Publishers A Woman 9 « Write. Some editor who has been victimized writes as follows: "We shall never engage another woman to report gentlemen's fashions for this paper. We might have known she would ignominiously fail ; but she said gen tlemen reported ladies' fashions, and she couldn't see why a woman shouldn't write up the manculine modes. We couln't see either, so we gave her a carte blanche to go ahead. And such a fashion article. Here is a speci men of the ridiculous stuff: A recherche spring overcoat for promenade has pretty ribbed stripes, with three ruffles on the tails, festooned with tassels, single breasted collar, and lolling Haps on the pannier. A lovely dress-coat has three buttons and pockets in the rear, box-pleated on the hips, three-ply guipure lace on the narative,gored in a bunch and cut bouffant. Vests button up the front, same as last year, and have pockets, with imperial polonaise up the back, and oxidized buttons in double rows on the collar, with tab fronts. The shirt is cut tight at the knee, and open in front or behind, as may be pre ferred, with perceal bosom, trimmed passe menterie ; four rows of Magenta braid around the skirt, with hood at back, bound with gal loon to match. Much depends upon the pantaloons. A gentleman's dress is very in complete without trousers. These are of some subdued color, as London smoke, and should have mouise with the-^the—neck ficu They are cut bias in both legs, with deep frills to fall over the instep; the waist is garnished with a broad band of batiste, with ecru facings, and buttons to match ; the—, Hut that is enough. Any one but a Sand wich Islander will see at a glance that these fashions are frightfully mixed. Who ever heard of trousers being cut bias in the legs, deep frills falling over the instep, with a broad baud batiste—whatever that may be— and ecru facings and things? Rather than wear pantaloons built in that way, we would go without, and encase our limbs in two sec tions of stove pipe Steam Sewing machines. The New York World dwells upon some of the evils which the sewing machine, with all its benefits, has brought in its train. It has eased the purse of many a slaving seamstress, abriged the hours of toil of many a housewife in moderate circumstances; has cheapened the prices of numerous necessary articles ; but it has done these and other good things at a grave cost to the health of its votaries in very many instances. The editor says : "Medical investigation proves that organic maladies are almost invariably aggravated by even occasional exertion at the machine Such maladies are commonly induced in the delicate by steady employment of this sort; and, even as regards the strong, that 'this unnatural movement of the feet upon the old treadle for eight or nine hours daily tends to produce in a large proportion of women, fatigue, pain and cramps in the limbs, back and loins,' the degree of which will depend upon the physical capacity of the individual and the material which is being made up Various experiments have been devised to obviate these difficulties, and among the rest a toy-like steam engine which could be carried in one's pocket, and yet is capable of gener ating a surprising amount of force. It de rives its steam through a small india-rubber tube from a half-gallon boiler, heated by a gas jet or a kerosene flame, the pressure being so trifling as to involve no risk of explosion. A wire from the throtle valve is attached to the treadle, by means of which the power may be regulated, from the slowest rate of motion up to a speed unattainable by human muscles, its oscillations being almost too rapid to be counted." The U "arid says this may be regarded as a sanitary improvement of no small importance. And there can be no doubt that any mechan ical contrivance to dispense with the incessant strain of the sewing machine upon a certain set of muscles will be an inestimable boon to a large number of women whose health is gravely jeopardized by the present mode of operating. Spelling Lesson. The following list of twenty words was used for examination of applicants for ad mission to the junior class of one of the St. Louis schools this summer. There were 499 applicants. We print the number who failed to spell each word correctly : Indelible, 184; lattice, 38; millinery, 151; eligible, 171; sibylline, 415; oxygen, 37; ad jacent, 51; business, 50; hyena, 136; weasel, 104; massacre, 35; sulphur, 83; syllable, 17; Vermillion, 382; familiar, 96; chimney, 18; vengeance, 315; rhinoceros, 121; valuing, U2; guarantee, 125. With one exception, f hose are all common words, liable to be used daily, and together they constitute a very fair test of the attainment of a pupil in orthogra phy. 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 50 sun. A CREED LESS PARTY. From the Missouri Republican, (Dem.) Sept 8, The Democratic party never realizes how nearly dead it is till it comes to make a plat form. Platform-making is supposed to be a formal, easy, matter of course work ; but in fact it calls for a large amount of vitality. To a live party, with an object before it, the making of a platform is the easiest thing in the world ; iLmakes itself. But to a half dead party, with a great history behind it, nothing is so difficult. The first prerequisite in platform-building is that the party shall know what kind of a platform it wants. This essential condition the Democracy lacks. It does not know and cannot tell what it does want—it cannot decide what it is for and what it is against. A short time ago it im agined it had at least one enduring anchorage in the constitution, but it has well-nigh lost even that ; for, when it declares for the "constitution as it is" it finds that it is endor sing the whole constitutional or anti-constitu tional policy of the Republican party. That party has put all its leading acts into the con stitution and made them parts of it. It has amended the constitution to conform to its own platform. The constitution as it is is a very different thing from the constitution as it was—a fact which the stubborn and irasci ble Democracy, after refusing to admit, for several years, is being forced to recognize at last. The constitution as it is is the old con stitution with the Republican platform ap pended to it as an amendment ; and when the Democracy attempts to "reavow its devo tion to the constitution," it finds that it is not only proclaiming the platform of its oppo nents, but condemning its own. It is declar ing its devotion to abolition, to negro suf frage, to the payment of the national debt, and to nearly every other great doctrine and measure which it once mortally opposed. Even as a constitutional party, then, the De mocracy 1ms lost its virility, since the very milk which it draws from the constitution is strained through hostile paps. If there is one doctrine that the Democracy imagined it knew all about, it is that of State rights ; but it is beginning to find out that it does not know what it thinks even of that familiar subject, and, what is more, it is ceasing to talk about it. The Democracy once held that the improvement ©f interior rivers was above the constitutional authority of Congress—that the States might improve the sections of rivers whieh ran through, or past them, but Congress could not. In 1846 Mr. Calhoun, who w as the Democratic oracie of his day, got a sight of the Mississippi river at Memphis, and, in deference to the claims of that majestic stream, modified the Democratic -doctrine on this subject so far as to admit that Congress might properly assume the work of improving a river which ran through or past three States, but could not come below that limit. How changed our opinions on this subject now ! There is not a Democrat, in the Mississippi valley at least, who does not think, not only that Congress may improve every important navigable river, but that it ought to do it. Nay, the Demo crats of Virginia and of the West think that Congress ought to construct a canal from the Ohio to the James tide-water, exclusively through the two Virginias, and Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, an old states-rights Democrat of the Calhoun school, publicly advocates the measure. So, too, of the proposed canal from the Tennessee river through Georgia to the Savannah river, and the Fort St. Philip canal in Louisiana ; Western Democrats and Southern Democrats earnestly demand that Congress should construct them, without ever caring that it would be a frightful infringe ment of the Democratic doctrine of state rights of fifteen years ago. Take the question of banks: As late as 1863, we had no banks, or bank notes pos sessing authority outside the State in which they were established and issued; we had only a wilderness of notes issued by different banks in thirty odd States which were a per petual fraud on the people. We had this miserable monetary condition, because the Democracy held 'that Congress had no right to establish national banks, and the several States alone could furnish currency for the countiy. This was the soundest sort of Dem ocratic doctrine -fifteen years ago ; hut what Democrat holds it now ? Take the subjects of the tariff, taxing gov ernment bonds, and specie payments—all practical questions of deep importance; we find the Democrats of the great State of Penn sylvania in favor of a protective tariff, and the Democrats of all other States in favor of free-trade; w T e find the Democrats of the debtor region, the West, strongly of the opin. ion that the bonds of the government, yield ing six per cent, gold interest to holders, ought to be taxed as well as Hie farmer's land, which yields only three per cent, per annum —while the Democrats of tJ the creditor region, the East, insist that they shall remain un taxed ; and we find, again, the Democrats of the creditor East demanding a return to epecie ay ment, and the Democrats of the debtor Vest hostile to every plan of resumption. These diversities of opinion among modem Democrats, and this antagonism of modern Democracy to the Democracy of fifteen years ago, account for the impossibility of con structing an effective and consistent Demo cratic platform. The task cannot be done ; the attempt to do it ends either in the Balti more folly of readopting a Republican plat form, or in such miserable bosh as has just been put forth by the eunuch Democracy of Massachusetts. The Democracy has lost the capacity to tell what it wants; it can no longer perform that first essential function of an independent, self-sustaining party—the construction of a creed. Wm. Henry Clifford, son of Judge Clif ford, of the United States Sup reme Cour t, g the rising sun of the Maine Democracy— f the Maine Democracy are entitled to' anjr a it a a eg to a "Hangman Foote"—His own Account of the Origin of the Name. Ex-Senator Foote, of Mississippi, is pub lishing in the Washington Chronicle a series of reminiscences of public men. In the last he gives a frank and creditable account of an incident which made a great noise at the time. After sketching one of Mr. Calhoun's exciting speeches on the slaverj r question in the U hi ted States Senate, followed by a per sonal appeal from him to Mr. Foote to sus tain the cause of the South, the latter says : "Waiting a few minutes for that Boanerges of debate, J ohn P, Hale, of N ew Hampshire, to close a most stormy and indignant har angue, in which his facility in the application of potential and striking epithets had been fully displayed, I leaped to ray feet and made, as I must frankly confess, under the overwhelming excitement of the moment, one of the most funny, rabid, and insulting speeches that has ever dishonored a grave and dignified parliamentary body, in which I told Mr. Hale, in plain terms, that were he to visit any thickly-settled village in Mississippi, and there use such language as that which he had just uttered, I did not at all doubt that he would incur the hazard of being strung up on one of the loftiest trees of the forest; and that in such case, should there bg. any want of a willing executioner, I would myself turn hangman for his benefit. These frantic and indecent words had scarcely been enunci ated ere I became painfully sensible of the stupid and unbecoming nature of my conduct, and I would readily have given worlds to re call all the nonsense I had uttered. In less than forty-eight hours 1 received hundreds of anonymous letters, filled with the most caustic revilement, and others inclosing the most hideous caricatures of a person whom these same caricatures denominated 'Hangman Foote.' I positively writhed in agony. Never had my self-respect suffered so much severe humiliation. I felt that the fabled shirt of Nessus was actually enveloping ray limbs. Meanwhile, the jolly and kind-hearted Sena tor from New Hampshire and myself had long since gotten on good terms, and I had even taken up a decided liking for him on account of his genial disposition, his natural amiableness of temper and his sparkling vivacity, either in debate or in conversation." General Spinner on Back Pay. The following letter has been addressed by General Spinner to a member of Congress with reference to the back-pay '"grab:" My Dear Sir: —Your letter of the 29th ult., with an enclosure as therein stated, has been received. I don't know that I can an swer your inquiry better that by an extract from a private letter that I wrote to another member of Congress this morning. Among other things I said to hirh : The First Comp troller of the Treasury has decided that the money heretofore appropriated and that shall remain unexpended at the close of the pres ent fiscal year, ending with June 30, 1874, for .the pay of the salary of members of Congress, cannot then be' covered into the Treasury. The Secretary of the Treasury has gone a step further than this: He hold^that the appropriation is an indefinite one, and like tbattfor the payment of the interest on the public debt, always remains for the purpose for which it was appropriated, and that, therefore, there is no authority for covering it into the Treasury. Hon. John Sherman, who drew' the bill that was enacted into a law by virtue of w'hich unexpended balances of certain kinds of appropriations are directed to be covered into the Treasury at the end of the fiscal year, and who ought to know what was in tended by the law, took the view of the case that you have. He did, however, notwith standing his opinion that unpaid salaries should be covered, conclude, in consequence* of the rulings of the Treasury Department to direct the Secretaiy of the Senate to draw his extra pay, and to hand it over to me, in my official capacity, to be covered in. This has been done in his case, as it has been in many other cases. I am not a lawyer, but if I should volunteer an opinion as a layman, should go further than either the Comptroller or the Secretary. I doubt even whether the coverings in of this money without a con sideration, and without legal authority or warrant of law, will place it beyond the reach of the parties to whom it legally be longs. I think it could be reclaimed at any time hereafter in several ways, and even on the mere statement of an account by the de positor or his heirs-at-law against the United States for moneys had and received. It is possible that you might divest yourself by last will and testament, stating as a consdera tion the love and affection you bore your na tive land. Hoping this will be satisfactory to you, am, very truly, yours, F. E. SPINNER. The Father of Oar Country Japanned* A letter from Japan says that a "Life of Washington*' is announced by Yeddo pub- lishers. This literary novelty is brought out in no less than forty-four volumes in the Ja- panese characters, and is profuselyillustrated in the highest style of the art. Washington is represented in the clothes and fashion of the present day, and with a moustache, car- rying a cane, and accompanied by a Skye- terrier. He is gazing ut a lady with a train, a Grecian bend, and a hideous waterfall. As it is the first attempt of the kind, and as it is a great curiosity in itself, the book would be a great addition to the cellection of a biblio- maniac. - !« ■ I Trb statistician of »Poughkeepsie (N. Y.) newspaper has commenced to reckon. He says the people there eat 13,000 ears of green daily for six weeks, makin com eg n. The cobs would reach from ! to Poughkeepsie, if laid lengthwise over that space, and would make aplfeten feet square of the and one hundred feet high. a cobs is the only reason the is delayed - « V nr.*T »mwm ........ The King Pin of Saratoga* Burleigh's Correspondence Boston Journal. Saratoga is fast assuming the position of the Baden-Baden of America, and Morrissey is its architect. His club house is one of the most elegant buildings of its kind in the land. For beauty and sumptuousness of its table it has no equal, it is said, in Europe. . By the side of the club house is an unique structure of wood, two stories, with a Mansard roof, and this is the pool house of the races. The track is one of the best ih America. This, with the macadamized driveway, with nearly all the modern improvements ©f Saratoga, are Morrissey's hand-work. He pours out money like water. On the piazza of the Congress can be seen any day a large sized and heavy moulded man, all alone. He seldom speaks to any one. His voice is peculiar. He speaks as though he had a chronic cold. He wears a white flannel coat, his hair is black and crisp, his nose deformed as if broken in some af fray. This man is Morrissey. A few years ago he was a prize fighter. Then he kept a low groggery in Troy. He came to New York in desperation to mend his fortunes. New York was ruled by roughs. A man who voted any other than a Democratic ticket did so at his peril. Armed ruffians went from ward to ward smashing up ballot-boxes, and often the heads of men in charge. In one ward John A. Kennedy, just deceased, re solved to put an end to this outrage. Mor rissey was sought out and engaged to strike back for a consideration. He was such a desperate looking fellow that Mrs. Kennedy was afraid of him, and advised her husband to have nothing to do with him. He organ ized a band of roughs and took possession of the polls. A harder looking set was never seen. At noon a wagon load of desperadoes drove up. Inspector Carpenter was on duty. "Can I go in Cap.?" said the leader. "Yes, walk in." Morrissey and his fifty associates said, "Good morning." "I guess you don't need me here," said the leader, and drove off. Morrissey won. With his wages he bought a clean shirt and a decent suit of clothes. He had cash enough left to open a small drinking saloon. He is now a million aire. He helps all who wish to fight the tiger. He don't drink—he don't play. He may swear, but no one hears him. No one goes to bed so late, without leaving Morris sey up. No one gets up so early, but they find him quietly walking around as if he had no employment and no interest in Saratoga. He is the chum of the eminent men of Church and State. He is hand and glove with the heavy men of Wall street. He has been to Congress, and can put "Hon." to his name, He is the king pin of Saratoga. Men of all parts allow him to slap them on the back. He holds the Commodore's horse when he returns from a ride. Prominent persons are "proud" to know him. Half New York has had its legs under his mahogany. When he was in Congress he refused to be introduced to anybody. His uniform answer was: "I am here at my desk; if any one wishes to sçe me, let him come here." A Sociable Incident* A man named Gilsey, who, by strict econ- omy and severe industry, has succeeded in getting his family a little place, free of in- cumbrance, was fishing in Still River, near Beaver Brook mills, on Sunday afternoon. After sitting on the bank for a couple of hours, without catching anything, he was gratified to see sitting on a flat stone in the water a snapping turtle suning itself. The but-end of the turtle was toward him and he thought he would capture it; but while he was looking for a place to step, the turtle gravely turned around without, his know edge, and when he got within reaching dis tance, and bent over to take hold of what nature designed should be taken hold of while handling a napping turtle, that sociable ani mal just reached out and took hold of Mr, Gilsey's hand witfc a grasp that left no doubt of its sincerity. flThe Shrieks of the unfor tunate man aroused some of the neighbors but when they arrived it was too late to be of any benefit to him, or even to themselves for they just caught a glimpse of a bare headed man tearing over the hill, swinging a small carpet-bag in one hand, and they at once concluded it was a narrow escape from highway robbery. However it was not a carpet bag he was swinging ; it was that tur- tle, and it clung to him until he reached the White-st bridge, when it let go; but the frightened man did not slacken his gait until he reached home. When he reached the house, the ludicrousness of the affair burst upon him, and when his wife looked at his pale face, and bare head, and dust-begrira med clothes, and asked him what was the matter, he said, "Nothing was the matter only he was afraid he would be too late for church,' and appeared to be much relieved to find that he wasn't .—Banbury News. Sbade Tree« a Protection Agam«t Fire. An Oregon paper, draws attention to the fact that the shade trees planted around sev eral blocks of buildings in Portland preserved them from destruction during the recent great fire in jhat city. "It was observed," it re marks, "on the day of the fire, what won derful protection our maple and other trees planted along the streets afforded. Many build ng8, among them the First Congregational Church, were saved by the thick foilage of the trees in front of them. The trees are a cheap insurance, and worth as much for health and comfort as for defense against fire." , ----— It was latelv made a subject of boasting by a French gentleman to an American friend that the premium on gold in France did not reach a half of 1 per cent., when the Amer ican replied that two or three Broad street men whom he could name coüld go to Paris, and put gold up there to 110 in less than three weeks. "Possibly," said the other, "but we should put them in jail in less than two weeks -" • . of it as a a a a GENERAL METIS. The Great Eastern arrived at Portland, failing to repair the cable of 1865. Barnum pafd $10,000 for advertising his show in St. Louis and took in $50,000. T. Nast is registered on the alphabetical list of arrivals at Boston as "Nast, T." Cullen Bryant, in the eightieth year of his age, is starting for a voyage around the world. —There are seven newspapers published in the United States which are now over 100 years old. New York is said to have fewer shade trees in its streets than any other city in the United States. Irving received about $240,000 for his en tire literary labors, and no American author has equalled him. The Mississippi Republican Convention has revived a word in vogue when Bill Allen was a boy—locofoco. Gen. Fremont, it is reported, is danger ously ill at his residence on Porcupine Island, off the coast of Maine. A young lady at Lafayette, Ind., sings all the popular songs while fast asleep, and knows nothing about it. The successful plan for the new Chicago Court-house 1s said to have been the work of an office boy in that city. The Portland (Oregon) committee on a plan of action proposes to rebuild the burned district by means of loans on real estate. The new Archbishop of Lima, Pern, on taking the oath of office, swore to hold the law's of the country superior to any orders from Rome. Ex-Governors Howard and Burnside w ere run aw T ay with at Martha's Vineyard, on Tuesday. Being severely hurt they have sought Providence. A "fireless locomotive" is henceforth to be used in Chicago in the place of dummy en gines. The steam is placed in the boiler be fore the car starts. A newspaper punster thinks Chicago aptly named because there is no place on the con tinent w'here a man can get rid of his she cargo with as little trouble. New Jersey has made enough on water melons and peaches to enable herto announce her readiness to pay off her war debt as soon as her creditors want their money. —A Detroit hotel-keeper was so angry with a man who sent him a circular advertising a bed-bug exterminator that he knocked him down and bit off a portion of his ear. —The latest instance afforded by a fond mother of her son's cleverness, is said son's correcting her for saying he w r as all over dirt. He said the dirt was all over him. —A merchant who has a class in Sunday school asked, " What is solitude ?" and was visibly disturbed when a miserable boy an swered, "The store that don't advertise." bond«. The 'rcd^ithmtv The ruins of three Spanish cities were re cently discovered, in the mountains of Sala manca, Costa Rica. A century has passed since those cities were inhabited, and among the ruins is a fort, w'ith cannon all decayed and rusty. The monster, Canovan, near Detroit, Mich igan, who a few days since brutally outraged a little nine-year old girl, from the effects of which she died, had his trial on the 9th, and was sentenced to imprisonment for life, the extreme penalty fixed by law. —The retiring editor of a Kansas paper " valedicts" himself as follows : " If I have said anything through these columus I am sorry for, I am glad of it. T© my friends, I thank you for your liberality, and to my ene mies, you can go to the devil." —Tp polish tins, first rub them with a damp cloth ; then take dry flour and rob it on with your hands ; afterwards take an old newspaper and rub the flour off, and the tins will shine as well as if half an hour had been spent rubbing them with brick-dust or powder, which spoils the hands. Grace Greenwood relates, as an instance of the extravagance of New England humor, that when a young farmer's wife made her first boy's pants precisely as ample before as behind, the father exclaimed: "Goodness! he won't know whether lie's going to school or coming home !" Instructions have been issued to Post masters that envelops for leistered letter packages are not to be charged with postage, the envelope being a mere pouch in which a letter is transmitted. It has been the prac tice of many postmasters to charge postage not only on the letter but afterwards to in close it in a registered envelope and charge postage on the whole package. A portable traveling bed w'hich can be rolled up like a shawl in a cylindrical pack te about two feet long is one of the latest inventions of this progressive age. It con sists of a light hair mattress, a single or double air pillow, a fine woolen coverlet, a campstool, ami attachments and cords for arranging thé* whole contrivance as a ham mock. The Omaha Republican says: "The en gineer of the line projected from Omaha to New York has presented a report to the di rectors of the company in which he gives the following facts and figures: It wHl be 1,224 miles long, saving a distance of 225 miles on any present route, no point deviating more than 15 miles from an air line. From Omaha to Chicago it'will-consist of a single track, from thence to New York it will be double. The company already has one hun dred miles graded to Ohio and Indiana,, and secured nine hundred miles of way. It has $10,900,000 of local aid guaranteed, hut the cost .will be $175,000,000. Thp difference is • he "dhtained by the sale of stocks and company expect to build tha two years."