Newspaper Page Text
THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor. Till KSDAV, JANUAItY 1, 1871. Ol U SHIELD AND ESI i'KLivR. The < tovcrnor's personal organ differs from hi> political organ, and iu a half column ar ;i«!c of the Governor ' .ï own inspiration (if tint R the v.ordy shows how faithful the Gov ernu Li >crv Of «ourse j.*! lOWS ,e : u rr ut i il 1! 1 \i :o r-. uooi-boy ! v*S.* ) :.—lu> i u ry v lia _* « a • 4 i « f 11 , :* dOWU fall <>f ill JC. d r \t:av .1 -,rc \v;*.s !he COII»" * O. s j j >p; r :r:»i min Ci rs whii b upset Athc :;r (: .1 i G S M r. 1 !u' raid Everett roun. led < f i i; n piiun ci ■ pe ri où s of unr x ceqïio aa ',] f* rii t *, n i ; i«- «.u \] . l.c: ne. while .1 g IV :tt iiiui :.\ les ser h* ht s i K l\ c en: *ug'*d in die 5; one «•; IV ;• ex * 5« i. o in se il i.«i iu ti î.it « hap 1 er In .'aded ** ( - i. or e ioqm • J ICC MK 1<* easy." .Mere rheto ri« *. lu : W ever , is <• i. !*.*î ! >. '1 1 h«* G«»v enmr «live < to t;:< , i )f -ttem of the ■ matter, .-«'Ciil run i a fa: ; (■ ■fi. and il as : rirai le led the hytlra-h« ;!<] e I m« tn > 1er i G ils i: îfa ncy. Sd hing :i LS p, « 1« 1 h old j t lie t ille r ih ere is no «iiiigcr cf a ni * i:r. it:i 'ion m M» 'K ita: ua o f Athens or Rome . t. ii>b> Ml nor lîro ît ■ I: ave Riven us instai rers « a* dcî ai! < ol f She lux u: ic * which We ; V at cd i ih e :i ne ! eut repu lie; s ai, .d lured them lu thç ir mi: u. Bu t froi i!) t 1« C (i overuor, with that PÏ al.). i' l ae i irai r 0« M 1 SI u.-e ever chara ut ci is; 1 ir • i i Li: m, h , ù c < : I C I»P L .« .t be.-ci ip ! I ] j : j tion of th' 4 one bane of ami n* < ':\T/aîk*n L was tooth brush«*.-. T;.r* « d- »«! . a. *: cruelly avenge the an* it..* he* *• * ■* ;■* - a ( leanliucss and >»vtc hau S . m lVovidcuec given a uv*:t *- *r p 1 cordial approval of f *; vidual un« leaniinc--. IÎ * -1 *. * washes let him be >. i: : . Cursed be Canaan ur/e-s * rejoh es iu squu'or. YYfcocrcr e 'r «• soap iu Montana ic: h.ai Lr m * If one calls f».r hot water—or« - - unless it be to cool his he *U- : < him down es dislova 1 . He a c ** : : fingernails; nay. more. pic* lc tu;_ r no tangled locks, abolish ah tuicv w a>;, houses, and ber.d every «uergv to «''•»eh ping "the genial influences of « ivbizalicn." **No pics, tarts or tooth brushes ' is hereafter to be inscribed on ererv banner Hereafter it is to be a rallying rrr. It shall draw old men from the chimney corner and children from their play. Music of angelic voice shall yet reach high enough to enshrine the le«son. Art shall preserve it iu marble, and it shall be inscribed across the butt end of the national cannon. "No pics, M no, nor "tarts," and millions for defense, but no "tooth brushes"—not one. Not one for the hotel, none for the car, none for the Cov ernor nor his office. Not a stage comp: ^.y shall have a solitary tooth brush; all its brushes shall be muzzled so that they cannot be put into tht mouth. Future generations shall rise up to call our great executive Dio genes blessed. Unctiously shall the future historian recite that valor which wrested from the jaws of a multitude intent on pri vate neatness and public ruin their brushes. Hut wc learn from the Governor'« article that he cares for the health of his people as well as for their morals. Eggs are a conun drum. Except as a method of duplicating crocodiles, and multiplying fishes, and con tinuing birds, and celebrating Easter, their uses arc problematical. Vague hints ot other uses ha» e indeed been heard, but generally in phrases of double meaning and ambiguous and doubtful morality. Eut Potts shall leave nothing undone. His skyward wings stoop to a downward flight as lie mildly says: "Fresh laid eggs should be dispensed with. Considerate Governor. No objection to eggs in the abstract, you set; only to eggs that are "fresh laid.'' Happy people. Rejoice and be glad. Released from tooth brushes and such damnable inventions and rich in the possession of addled eggs, verily your cup of happiu<*ss runneth over. ont NEXT SPANSSI1 .VII NISTE«. n 'l\ ' resignation of Sickles and the appoint ment of Caleb Cushing as Minister to Spain are events at which every American citizen inav i moire. Not that Sickles has done auy thi of late to disgrace our nation, but he never was a suitable representative, eithar in private character or peculiar qualifications. On the other hand, Caleb Cushing is pos sessed of peculiar qualifications of the high est order. Besides being one of the most finished scholars in the country, an accom plished linguist, a thorough lawyer, a com prehensive and safe statesman, and both by experience and education a diplomatist. Ia politics, until the breaking out of the late war, he was a Hunker Democrat, but ever since he has been a trusted adviser of the government, and it is very generally believed that his-advice has been sought and followed in most of tho critical events of the past few years. The importance of our present rela tions and prospective negotiations with Spain seem to justify the selection and augur well for future results. We either want for Min ister one who can be complete^ entrusted with all the details of negotiation or none at all. Perhaps the Atlantic cable will be all the minister needed in most cases, and the whole system as it exists at present might be abolished. j a in to Mas. Cowi.es, daughter ot benator Thur man. intended to sail on the Ville du Havre to meet her husband iu Europe, lie being at tached to the Unite«! States Navy, but heard at the last moment that lie could not meet her at the point designated. WANTED. A financier and statesman at the head of the Treasury Department. More than any thing else that this nation needs at present, is a man who comprehends the financial condi tion and wants of this great people, with a eool. clear head and steady hand, with bold ness and caution combined sufficient to allay fear, restore confidence to business circles, who can see clearly the solid ground of spe cie payment to he reached, and will press forward to it with the least delay and be most careful of every interest. It is a rare cota bination o f talent, qu i lit i es* of chat; art er and ! expei ici. ■ that \v< e denn: nil, a nil yi t no less will s.r . Y* the jm Ipose. No polit iciun, , no I mere th; *( > ri.ri, no i cd tap t ie ri:, or ■ pati ent, paius-taiJi ig book-1 i.eep« r will ; ;î all serve the ] purpose. it \>anl > no lu wycr or sji .ecul, .Jur. j It neces ; al .ove ni I other< p.ii'il ic> a man ol : perfect : ia tegrity, sound, prac lirai common sense, and co a side ruble e xperienee in ti: iaH j ciul and publie aff airs. ; Such men will hot be apt to offer themselves and urge their own appointment. There is generally too much modesty with great merit, and the qualifications we have enumerated will com mand success iu any walk in life without the expo>ure to opposition and obloquy that will encounter any one seeking purely the general good, and making always private interests .subsidiary thereto. But such a man must be j hunted up and pressed into this service. It i> amazing to observe the amount of folly di*j laved iu high and low places, ami all over the laud, on thi> question of the nation's L.hàî.i < ». Every quack is rushing forward u.iu ui.> n« si;u:n, and many men seem to . »: their whs entirely, if they ever had * v *Ve are surprised that the nation does : - :_i.. with one united anil continuous vur * mreiicy shall be in harmony . worin. doming ever justified u - . ;.cy. but the* necessities of a tre a - • m *r. That over, a return as soon as • -.-jt should be a nutter of course. If at axe like the Chinese, satisfied to live :y * wrvcivc". without intercourse with the :t»: tut world. There might be some ex r-fre for an irredeemable paper currency, but tor tuen a commercial, manufacturing nation as we are, trading with every people on the giubr. and inviting the ambition and enter prise of every country to establish itself on our soil, no j>o$$ible alternative exists but to adopt the most solid, permaneut and univer sal medium that the experience of man has discovered. What would be thought of the man who carried on business after the style that our government has been conducted for a few years past, paying its debts by giving its uoicn aud when me y oecomc due giving others in lieu of them ? Many of our boasted financiers seem better suited to the grade of intelligence and civilization of the Fccgee Islands, or, perhaps, the Republic of San Domingo, than for a nation of sensible, think ing men and women. We should think one trial of wild cat banking, with farm mort gages for capital, would sullice for all time. Paper ought never to be allowed by any sound government to pass for money unless there was coin somewhere to redeem it. We never will sec business settled and prosperous again until we are back on solid specio bot tom. What if there is a nominal depreciation in all values, rates aud prices? Our real wealth will not be diminished, but we shall then be able to know what we really are worth. Richardson doesn't seem to have confidence iu himself, nor does any one seem to have confidence iu him. Sclieuck hardly seems to be the mail that the nation is look ing for. We could name a good many who would suit us better, but it is the policy more than the man we care about. We have floated long enough on this sea of green paper. \Y e want to see and feel the yellow beach and shore. _* SUNDAY THE C'lRST DAY OS' TäZE WEEK. A contributor to the Mon ta nia it. of last week makes a singular mistake for one who seems to be interested in the observance of Sunday, iu sty ling it " the seventh day" of the week. We supposed everybody above school age and with an average amount of information knew that the Jewish Sabbath was the seventh day of the week and falls on Saturday, and that the Christian Sunday was the first day of the week— a change made to commemorate the resurrection of Christ upon that day. The general observ ance of this day among Christians dates back to about the close of the second centuiy. Under Constantine, in 321, business in courts of law was suspended on that day, and in 435, under Theodosius, games and theatrical exhibitions were prohibited. The observance of Sunday as a holy day or holiday rests •imply on traditions, not upon any direct or positive command of scripture. On general principles, one day is as good as another. We suppose, as far as the Lord is concerned, He would be as well aatisfied with service on one day as another, and that it is our duty to serve Him just as much one day as another, but there are plenty of good reasons why it is well for man to relax from ordinary labors one day in seven, and Sunday having been so long and generally observed there is no reason to change. It is for each soul to an swer alone and directly to God how the day is to lie spent and what service or sacrifice will be most acceptable to the Almighty. In Castro valley, Alameda county, Cal., there is a forest of Australian gum trees covering over 100 acres. The trees were planted only three and a half years ago, and some have attained a height of fifty feet and of inches THE HELENA FIRE DEPART MENT. The annual meeting of the Helena Fire Department was held last night at the Fire men's Hall, on Wood street. The meeting was called to order at 7$ o'clock by Chief Engineer Bullock. After the calling of the roll the reports of the Secretary and Treas urer were received and read, as follows: REPORT OF THE CHIEF ENGINEER OF TUE HEL ENA FIRE DEPARTMENT. 7" th c () Hcc ni und Mem bees <>/ th e JI< h mi l wc J)e; <n t.nci.t and Citizens <>j 1 hi uni : Upon this, the anniversary of the biiih of the Helena Fire Department, ii is incumbent upon me, as Chief Engineer, to render to you an account of the workings ot the or ganiz'd ion during the past year, and, believ ing that a slight sketch of the many disas trous fires that occurred in Helena previous ! to the existence of the Department might prove interesting and possibly instructive, I have deemed it expedient to embody in my report an account of those fires, as accurate as possible from the data at hand. The first fire of which we have any record occurred in an assay office on Main street, iu the winter of 1807-8. The damage inflicted was very slight, the fire being confined to the building in which it originated. In Februar}', 1800, the first important lire occurred, breaking out in the assay office of S. F. Molitor, on Main street. Several build ings were consumed before the fire was got ten under control. Estimated l«*ss, $20,000. In the month of April following the city was visited by what is known as the "Big Fire." Originating in a house in Chinatown, it spread rapidly among the frame buildings, of which the town was then built, and con sumed almost the entire business portion of Helena, together with a number of dwelling houses. The loss by this fire has been vari ously estimated at from $200,000 to $500,000. In November of the same year the YY ood street theatre aud a number of private resi dences were burned. Loss, $30,000. In January, 1870, YVells, Fargo & Co. s express office and a dwelling house on Broad way were consumed. Loss, $12,000. During the summer of 1870 a large feed stable on Broadway was burned. Loss, $5,000. In the winter following the residence and furniture of Mrs. Goodman, on YY at&i street, were destroyed, with a loss of about $4,000. In September, 1871, a fire originated in a building on Main street, occupied by the llni.v\A Herald as a pr-"uting establishment, and by L. YV. Sticks*? as a book store - The contents of Hi** building were almost entirely consumed, and the building itself, which was of brick, rendered a total wreck. The fire spread to the adjoining premises, and re duced to ashes the St. Louis Brewery, the Maguolia Hotel, Hirshman & Bro. s clothing establishment, the Helena Brewery, together with several other buildings. The damage sustained has been estimated at $150,000. In July, 1872, the M. E. Church North and parsonage were consumed. Estimated loss, $ 10 , 000 . In August of the same year occurred Hel. ena's last great lire. It originated in a frame building known as the North Pacific Hotel, and burned over one hundred houses, among which were the Gazette olfice and the YVbit latcli building. Estimated loss, $300,000. Iu December following a bain and two horses were burned. Loss not known. This, I believe, comprises nearly a com plet»* list of the fires that have occurred in Helena prior to December 29, Î872, when this Department was organized. It will be seen at a glance that Helena has been sorely afflicted by this most destructive element, and when we reflect that the loss«*s occasioned by these fires were almost total, there being lit tle or no insurance upon the property con sumed, it is with pardonable pride that we point to the substantial stone and brick structures that have been erected upon the ashes of the past, with increased admiration for the untiring energies of our citizens, in creased confidence in the unlimited resources of our Territory, and iu the assured brilliant future of Helena. ********* DEPARTMENT APPARATUS. The property of the Department is now' and has been kept in good shape. The serv ices of competent Stewards have been had in Messrs. Richardson and Ewing. I would recommend that the pay of this offiee be in creased. The Steward now receives but $25 per month, which is hardly sufficient com pensation for the time employed. The pur chase of the new Hook and Ladder Truck reflects great credit upon the liberality of the citizens of Helena, and they will doubtless have cause for congratulation should its services ever be called into requisition. RECOMMENDATIONS. As the water supply is wholly inadequate, I would recommend the construction of two new cisterns on Main street and one on Fifth avenue. With these increased water facili ties a large fire in Helena would be an im possibility. I would also recommend the purchase of a "Babcock Self-acting Engine." These machines have been adopted by tbe departments in the East, and have proved very efficient in the extinguishment of fires. In conclusion. I desire to return my heart felt and sincere thanks to my able assistants, Messrs Pärchen and Wright, and to the offi cers and members of the different compa nies for the hearty aid and co-operation ex tended to me during the year. The office of Chief Engineer of a newly organized volun ! I j ! j ! I j | teer fire department is not calculated to be one of profit or pleasure to the incumbent ; but you, by your kind assistance, have smoothed one of the rough corners, and have rendered what would otherwise have been a disagreeable occupation, one of pleasant as sociations, to be remembered by me always with feeliugs of gratitude and pride. I have the honor to be Yours, respect fully, SETII BULLOCK, Chi«rf Engineer. /. / </,/' SECRET A K V'S R EI'l » RT ! T> the members of the Vire lu ] Citizi ns of 11 tie no : With to-night closes the first year of the I existence of the Helena Fire Department, and j with it expires the terms «>f office of the pres ! ent Chief Engineer, Treasurer, am! Secretary, j composing the Board ol L ire YYaiileii.% .•an ! it becomes necessary io elect a new board to I serve for the ensuing year. On taking charge j of the department the board found cvery | thing in rather a confused condition, the ap paratus having ju 1 been turned over to the department by the citizens committci The cisterns were une«' «pleîeil, the apparatus not in order, an«l no place provided in which to keep it. The board completed the cisterns left unfinished and built several new ones. They found it difficult to make the brick cis terns bold water, on account of the negligent and improper manner in which they had been built, the brick work giving way as soon as the water was turned into the cisterns; but they at last succeeded in having them made water tight. Tîhtc being no place in which to keep the apparatus, the board secured the present building from the First National Bank, the board agreeing to fit ii up for the use of it for three years, after which they were to have the privilege of leasing it for two j'ears more at a rental ot $15 per month. This the board considered advantageous to the department, as it was as convenient a place as could be secured for the purpose iu the city, and afforded room in the first story in which to ksep the apparatus, and iu the second story a place to hold company aud department meetings. The city is reasonably well supplied with water for fire purposes. There are now 11 plaees established where the engine cau be supplied with water: Corner of Main aud Bridge streets; at M. Renig's cistern ; at the flume near the foundry; at the flume near Daily's paint shop, on Clore street ; at the cistern corner of Broadway and Main street ; at the tank back ot Kemp's blacksmith shop; at the flume back of Hartwell's lumber yard ; at the tank on Clore street; at the tank on Benton avenue; at the Rodney street cistern, at the ofd reservoir, near the convent. The department at present numbers 122 men; eugin«* company, 49; hose company, 33; hook and ladder company, 40; and the apparatus consists of 1 burnt fire engine, 1 hose cart and 1,000 feet of hose, aud 1 hook and ladder truck complete. During the past year the different companies have been hand somely uniformed, a new hook ami ladder truck purchased in place of the old one not fit for seryiee, apparatus all paid for, au engine house provided for the next two years, the companies are all out of debt, and some with money in the. treasury. But two fires of any moment have occurred during the past year. The first was a fire in Chinatown, which broke out at 9$ p. m. July 27th. It lasted half an hour, and but two small houses were destroyed. The different companies got to work promptly, and soon gained control of the fire by tbe good work done. Tbe loss was small, but the place in which it started was in an exceedingly dan gerous neighborhood, and judging by jKi.-t experience, when the town has been swept by fires, which iu their incipient state were not to be compared to this, we have reason to congratulate ourselves that the department has already been the means of saving the town, and has thus paul for it.^elf. r lhe sec ond lire occurred in Hartwell's stable at 10 p. m. Friday, October 3d, 1873. Nothing is known in regard to its origin. It burned for about one hour, and resulted in the loss of about $3,000. Owing to some inconsiderate person cutting tbe flume, tbe engine was pre vented fr«)m getting to work for some time on account of the scarcity/»! water. Fortu nately the wind blew down the gulch and the town was in no imminent danger. On the night of September 5th an attempt was made to fire the Cosmopolitan Hotel, by means of a carpet-sack filled with coal oil, camphene, and other inflammable materials. Fortunately the blaze was seen from the street and ex tinguished iu time to prevent any great dam age. It was a most diabolical and fiendish attempt, and had it succeeded must have re sulted in the loss of a number of lives, as the hotel was full of people, who had no avenue of escape. Tbe board endeavored to trace the attempt to its author, but, although it was ascertained beyond a reasonable doubt where tbe scheme was concocted and where the in flammable materials were obtained, and the commission of the act was laid at the door of either one of two persons, they did not pos sess sufficient evidence to cause their arrest; and the causes which prompted the act, in our opinion having been removed, the matter was allowed to drop. These were the most important fires that have occurred during the past year, and iu this respect the city has been particularly fortunate, aud we can only hope it may be as fortunate during the ensuing year. At the last session of the Legislature, through the iustrumentality of the Chief Engineer, an act was passed securing certain benefits to firemen, exempting them from jury duty and payment of road and poll-tax, ; a clothing the Chief with certain powers, and also appropriating the receipts from lieens«*s of insurance companies to tbe support of the Fire Department. The act, while it was a good one, in our opinion went scarcely far enough in confirming the powers of the Chief Engineer. For instance, in ease of a fire if the Chief order the destruction of a building when iu his opinion it was necessary to pro vent the spread of the tire, and the owner of I the buildiug should object to its destruction. the Chief would be held responsible for any ! damages that might recur by reason ot tin* execution of his orders. It is ocsirabl«* that a law be passed removing such re-p«»n>ibiiity from the shoulders o', the C hiei Engineer, and rendering him free to act »n any emer gency as he may think be.-t. Among the wants of the «iepa: -nn nt uiv more cisterns in the city. A cistern is gr< atlv needed <-n 5th avenue, near toe ?d. E. Cnurch South, and also, one at low. r end ot Rodney street, thoï-e sections ot the «dty being almost out of the reach of the Rodney street cistern with the length of hose «ui cart can carrv. Another < prc.-eiit ho.-e cart >teru is needed in the center of Main street, near tue Cosmo \ pojflan Hotel. ShouM a lire occur near either the Bridge street or Broadway cistern, it is probable the engine would be driven away by heat, and were there such a cistern near the center ot the street the engine could !><• sta tioned there and lore«* a stream cither up or down street. A new h«>se carriage carrying 1,000 feet «»f ho^e, or a cart similar to the one v, e have, and carrying an equal amount «»f hose, is badly needed. At present we cannot well carry more than 000 feet of hose, which in many cases is apt to prove too short a length to reach from tho engine to the fir«*. Were there sufficient funds in the depart ment, the Board would recommend the pur chase of a Babcock fire engine. This ma l'chine costs from $1,500 to $2.500, and from the description, is just such a machine as is needed by a town of this size. They are rapidly superceding steam engines in the States by reason of their admirable qualities. The advantages are that there is no steam to raise, no fires to be kindled, no hose t«» be laid, and no cisterns needed. The machine can he taken to the immediate vicinity of the fire, and is ready for action on the instant. Should the financial affairs of the department hereafter justify it, the Board would recom mend an investigation m regard to the merits claimed for these machines, and if they ful fill what is claimed for them, the purchase of one for the use of this department. In accordance with the law previously mentioned, the Board expected to derive the funds necessary to meet current expenses of the department from licenses of insurance companies, but in this they were disappointed. On account of the increase of licenses from $80 to $150. the «.lifTeron» companies refused to take out licenses, and the department failed to receive the money expet-ted. It is absolutely necessary to have a certain amount of funds to support tbe department, as well as to pay a watchman iu the tower on the hill, and place him under control of the department, as contemplated. And ; t is intended, if possible, To secure the passage of a Htw at the next session of the Legisla ture empowering the County Commissioners to levy a small tax of. say one mill on the dollar, of the assessed value of the city prop erty, for the support of the department. This would secure to the department about $1,500 per year, then*by enabling us to pro vide a fire watch at x stated salary, pay the steward, provide funds fur keeping the appa ratus and cisterns in repair, and the building of new cisterns win-re need«*«!, and thus do away with the subscription and lagging bus iness, which has prevailed h«*ict«dore. The Board believe this would be a just ami equi table tax, relieving the liberal few who have supported the department thus far, and as scssing on those who refiw to contribute, a tax which it is right they should pay for the protection of their property. In conclusion, the Board have to sny that, as is always the case in the formation of as sociations of this kind, there were a great many difficulties to be met and a great many obstacles to be overcome, but considering all tbe circumstances, they cannot help but re gard the department as in a flourishing con dition, and they believe the department will grow in power and effioiency as the city grows in size, and in retiring from the posi tions they have filled during the past year, they return thanks for the kindness shown them and the disposition of the members to advance tha interests of the department, and hope that during the coming year the depart ment may grow still more efficient and pros perous. Very respectfully, A. R. YVright, Secretary. Helena, M. T., December 30th, 1873. TREASURER'S REPORT. Henry M. Pärchen, Treasurer, in account with the Helena Fire Department: 187X DEBTOR. February 13, Received from Henry Klein, trea-. surer of Citizens Committee.................$400 00 February SI, Received from Henry Klein, trea-. surer of Citiaens Committee................. 60 51 April S, Received from Citiz ns subscription.. 6 00 July s, " ** Countv Treasurer... . 132 00 Nov. 19, on citizens old subscription. 25 00 25, " " new " 135 0«) " 2S, from Crounse on new sub'n. 5 00 Dec. 24. *' " Horscky A Kenck, " 3 o0 " 30. •* on citizens " 25 2«) " 30, •* from Power A Co., " 10 00 .fSOO 71 Tolu!. CREDIT. Dec. 30, Paid for repairs on cisterns and pipes leading to thebf..................... fl34 ** Paid tor repairs on engine, hook and ladders aud truck, hose cart anti en gine house.......................... 11«» *23 ** *• Paid for light, fuel, etc............... ..jo**