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à km frv'l Volume 8. Helena, Montana, Thursday, June 18, 1874. No. TKKMS OF SUBSCRIPTION 'TWMS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. Citj S'iliM\rib«*n«. ddivorvd by Carrier, jvr month, |3 00 BY «All. 1 Mj»' r j»v -.Ti« month..... ......................R 00 « n .■ c.ijtv t lir*-** months .................... 6 0t» 1 »! !.. • >;o months. .. .....................12 00 1 'll.' copy mi'» year........ ....................22 00 TERMS FOR THF. WEEKLY HERALD. Of • Yi"4r ............... .......... |0 00 V. months. ............ .....4 00 1 » r ■ month* ............ ........................2 &Ö THE WEEKLY HERALD PI'III.I Ml El) EVEHT TITUKSDAT »ORNINO. I j w ÆS K \ FISK BROS., Publishers «K.MFia vr in qu^t«. Jumps Lick, of Sun Francisco, recently filed u deed hy which he conveys the whole of his property in trust to administrators, for the benefit of the people, either directly or through educational or charitable institutions. The specific donations provided, exclusive or small sum for legacies to relatives aud friends, amount to $l,7«i0,000. Of this large sum $700,000 is appropriated to the completion and equipment of the Lick Observatory; $25, 000 goes to the Protestant Orphan Asylum of San Francisco; $25,000 to the San Jose Or phan Asylum; $25,000 to the Ladies' Protec tion and Relief Society; $10,000 to the Me chanics Library Association; $10,000 to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Ani mals; $15,000 for monuments to Lick's mother, sister and grandfather; $100,000 to the erection of an Old Ladies' Home; $150, OOO for the establishment of free baths in San Francisco; $150,000 for a bronze monument to the memory of Francis Scott Key, the author ot the "Star Spangled Banner;" $250, 000 for a bronze monument commemorating the history of California, from its earliest his tory to the present time; $300.000 to the Cali fornia School of the Mechanic Arts; and the remainder of his property in equal shares to tho California Academy of Sciences, and the California Pioneers, the donor reserving lo himself an income of $25,000 until his death. The Sacramento Record, referring to these bequests, says: ** t he distribution of his vast wealth which Mr. Lic k has seen fit to make, is in the main characterized by sterling sagacity and good sense. The donations to the various schools ot art and mechanics are noble and wise, 'l b« provision for free baths for San Frau risro embodies an admirable conception. But tin* expenditure of $150,000 upon a monu ment to the author of the "Star-Spangled Banner.'' u -omewhr.t astonishing, to say the least; nor is the appropriation of $250,000 for an historic monument much less curious. It is not that there k may not be a certain pro priety in the>e ideas, but that when the dis position. during the lifetime of the owner, of <0 valuable a properly, is concerned, there may arise diflieulties out of these provisions. Tin* spirit which inspires the deed, however, 1 « dc.-erving of the fullest recognition. It is ie nature of an example which cannot in •ut stimulate public spirit and philanthropy; and. though it is well to bear in mind that not every wealthy man is as free from family elaims as jvfr. Lick, it is a good thing for society that such men do occasionally appear if only to prove that the lust of money-getting has not utterly extinguished true patriotism and generosity, and to show that there are ways of spending money as conducive to the satisfaction of the possessor as those which ordinarily prevail, and altogether more con ducive to* the welfare of the people." How to Escape from Fire* The Superintendent of the London Fire Brigade ha« devised the following very judi cious directions for aiding persons to escape f rom premises on fire :— 1. Be careful to acquaint yourself with the best means of exist from the house, both at the top and bottom. 2. < >n the first alarm, reflect before you act. If in bed at the time, wrap yourself in a blan ket or bedside carpet. Open no mom doors than are absolutely necessary, and sin!! every door after you. 3. There is always from eight to twelve inches of pure air close to the ground ; if you cannot, therefore, walk upright through the smoke, drop on your hands and knees, aud thus progress. Ä wetted silk handkerchief, a piece of flannel, or a worsted stocking, drawn over the face, permits breathing, and to a great extent excludes the smote. 4. If you can neither make your way up ward or downward, get into a front room; If there is a family, see that they are all collec ted there, and keep the door closed as much a« possible, for remember, smoke always fol lows a draught, and fire always rushes after smoke. 5. Oi. no account throw yourself, or allow others to throw themselves, from the window. If no assistance is at hand, and you are in the extremity, tie the sheets together, having fas tened one to some heavy piece of furniture, and let down the women and children one by one, by tving the end of the line of Sheets around the waist and lowering them through the Trirdow that Is near the door, rather than one « hat is *«ver the door. Yeti cen eastty let yonrs-df down after the uelplett we saved. C. !• a w 'man's clothe« catch let her instauMy ?«vt a< .self over «« the ground. AN EVENT AT SALT LAKE CITY. The passage in the Lower House of Con gress of the Poland bill relating to Utah af fairs produced a great sensation in Salt Lake city. The Tribune on the 2d issued an extra headed: "Glory to God— Our Liberties at Last Delivered—Utah Relieved from Polygamy and Slavery," etc., etc—and the Gentiles re joiced in frantic style. The Mormons were correspondingly depressed, and the authori ties locked the City Hall building against Chief Justice McKean for court purposes, creating much indignation. The Tribune extra reads as follows: This is a great and glorious day for the people of Utah. Congress, speaking in the sovereign name of forty millions, has remem bered the sorrows of this enslaved Territory, listened to the appeals of loyalty, and now in the plentitude of legislative munificence, has proclaimed to the American people that no longer will the last, the foulest relic of bar barism be permitted to fester on the escutch eon of Freedom. Emancipation, so long prayed for, has now come to the enthralled, and Utah henceforth takes her place in the majestic column of progressive communities. Her people, sheltered by the National care, will soou recognize in our beneficent institu tions an allegiance loftier than obedience ever gave to priest or pontiff. They will come to understand that the grace of the Republic is the best gift of God to man, that true citizen ship is their natural inheritance, and the Fed eral power the strongest and gentlest suprem acy ever devised for human guidance. Let us rejoice and congratulate each other from end to end of the Territory, on the work of this auspicious day in Congress. The following special to the Tribune , re ceived this afternoon, brought the glad tid ings which we present to the public: Washington, June 2, 1874. Poland's bill for the execution of the laws and defining the jurisdiction of the courts in Utah passed the House of Representatives to-day. The clerks of District Courts aud Probate Judges draw juries. 8AM. A. MERRITT. WHAT IT DOM FOR Uft. The Poland Bill passed to-day, chokes off all the impertinent assumptions of the Pro bate Courts of Utah. Ignorant Dogberrys of the Elias Smith order, may exclaim " my oc cupation's gone !" The prospects of our friend Judge Snow, as Attorney General for life, are utterly blunt ed. Joint sessions of the John Taylor assembly, will elect no more notaries public. Bigamy aud Polygamy are nailed to the cross with wrought iron spikes. Only men who can read and write the Eng lish language can serve on juries. Brigham and his apostles can now flee to tho mountains of Ilepsidam. The Surveyor General* From the Miwnlian June 4. Some of our Territorial cotemporaries have taken Surveyor General Smith severely to task for his late action, in the removal and appointment of certain Deputy Mineral Sur veyors, charging him with sectional feelings and favoritism in the matter. Were there sufficient grounds to sustain the latter charge w< should certainly be forced to agree with our con terns., as discriminations in favor of persons or localities ( the qualifications of as pirants being equal) in dispensing public offi ces, in the proper performance of the duties of which the people of the whole Territory are interested, would certainly be unjust and reprehensible. But we thiuk the appointments made by Gen. Smith have been made with a view to the good of the service and upon the known qualifications of the appointees, and not from any local prejudice or personal fa voritism. This belief is further sustained by the repeated declaration by the General of his willingness to appoint deputy mineral survey ors in any or all of tilt counties upon their furnishing the necessary proofs of their com petency to perform the dnties of the position, thus adopting a system of civil service reform which is commendable. *****••*• We know nothing of the abilities or quali fications of the Deputies who have been re moved in other portions of the Territory, nnd it may !>e that eomft deserving men have been decapitated. If so, all that is necessary to secure a rsappointmefit is for them to prove their competency. The utter incapacity (from physical infirmities if from no other cause) of the gentleman removed from that position in this county is painfully evident to every per son who is acquainted with him, and no dis satisfaction because ef his removal has been manifested by our people. If we do not mistake the character and ability of our new Surveyor General, he is one wh»> thoroughly understands the respon sibilities ..nd duties pertaining to his^ office, and has gone to work with the determination to make the needed reform in that depart ment and relieve the office of the bad ropute into which it has fallen. This is what the people want and they will endorse the Gen eral in his efforts to accomplish it. The Riv. Him y wIrd Bischer, In a re cent letter, says total abstinence is the ration al and safe remedy for intemperance, and that while he is in favor of all measures for the prevention or suppression of traffic in alcoholic drinka which experience has shown to be feasible, he is "utterly opposed to big otry or violence, or partisan feelings behalf of temperance, at I am to the same Qualities in religion, in politics,and in all other causée." In conclusion he says: "I hold thatpreven tive lawa are right in principle, and should be nrnplor«! Wk«w*F*»c 'SSTS^JSSL enough *» anentt iMt «ewuon, wt at pres* **l ufr m of M î*iL , "î5 1 ao N> wmw «km «■*>«•(. A TERRIBLE STORY FROR THE SEA _ 0 Four Ren nnd n Roy Drifting for woeko In nn Open Bone—Delirious Living Skcletone Fighting Euch Other* From the Manchester Guardian, April 30. Mr. Webster, Broughty Ferry, near Dun dee, has received a letter from his son, who was second mate of the Clyde ship Arracan, burned at sea on her voyage from Shields to Bombay with coal. The Arracaud left Shields on the 11th of September last. On the 14th of February her cargo ignited. On the 2Cth she was on fire from stem to stern, and the crew were compelled to abandon her. They left in three boats. The first, under the com mand of the captain, was picked up by the City of Poonah, and the men were landed at Aden; the gig, commanded by the chief offi cer, made the land at Cochin; but the pinnace, under tbe charge of the second mute, Mr. Webster, provisioned for only seventeen days drifted about in tbe Indian Ocoan for thirty three day«, until fallen in with by the City of Manchester aud landed at Calcutta. When picked up the poor fellows were 606 miles from the nearest land, and were in a sad con dition. Mr. Webster, in his narrative says: "In addition to myself, there were three men and a boy on the 10th of March. The men cast lots as to who should be killed, and the lot fell upon the hoy. 1 would not allow them to kill him and threatened to shoot the first man who should lay a hand on him. Things went on in this way for two days, when one of the men tried to sink the boat, and said he would have the boy's life in twelve hours. I presented my gun at biin, and Had no sooner done so than a bird flew over the boat. 1 fired at it and killed it. It was in stantly devoured, feathers, bones and all. We subsisted after this ou barnacles, which ad hered to the sides and bottom of the boat,and on sea blubber, which was ravenously laid hold of as it floated past. Delirious with hun ger, one of the men, named Layford, asked to be killed. Another named Davis struck him on the head with a belaying pin. The blood was caught in a tin and eagerly drunk between the two. I threw the tin overboard. These two men fought aud bit one another. They then shook hands and laughed and kissed each other like madmen." At last," says Mr. Webster, "we were, through the mercy of God, picked up by Capt. Hardie, of the Cit^r of 31ancjester, by whom we were very kindly treated and brought to Calcutta." The surgeon of the steamer which rescued the men says they were in a wretched condi tion. They could not stand on their feet, their eyes starte* from their sockets, and they wore pc« feet sketopns. Altogether they pre sented the most pai*f u i sight he ever beheld. The most cautious trament had to b* em ployed to bring about tc.<>ir recovery. Roney In The Pock*»** It is a good thing to have unlimiteu credit, but better still to have ready money on *and for emergencies. The richest man on the globe, Baron Rothschild, learned this lesson one day when he chanced to ride in a public conveyance, and found out that he had " not a red" in his pocket. The driver was furious, and demanded his pay. Rothschild told him his name, and gave him his card. " I never heard of you, aud never want to again ; but I want my pay, and must have it," and he looked down threateningly. The money king was in haste. He had only an order for a million, and offered the driver a coupon for fifty thousand francs ; 4 to change." The dri ver started, the passengers laughed, and just then an acquaintance come up, from whom he borrowed six sous, and paid the angry Jehu. If it is convenient for -even a Roths child to be without money in his pocket, you may be sure it will be even more so for you. The world never respects a " atate of impe cuniosity." It is a most uncomfortable state to be in. If you have an income of any sort, try not to spend «very cent. Have a few dol lars always about you for emergencies that will always he htppcning. If you gather it up as the children do their pennies, one at a time, keep your Rock good. When you must break into your list five dollar bill, replace it as soon as you cat. It adds comfort more than you ever guess wien you feel that there is a snug sum that you can draw from in case of urgent neid. Philosophy, religion or poetry to the contary, there is no use in be ing penniless. Bjr common prudence, most people of industfous habits can keep little Ahead for a rainy day. Wk gather the following particulars rela tive to the curioussect known as "Dunkards," which held its resent National Convention at Girard, Illinois, recently: At present they number 15,000 to20,000 in the United States, and have something near one hundred church es, and they are mattered throughout most of the States of the Union. The sociéty had its origin in Germany nearly 200 years ago; that the total mem berth ip emigrated to this coun try early in the present century; that the greatest share of Lem reside in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, V irginia and Indiana; that they are a kind of off-shoot of the Seven Day Baptiste, and believe that immersion is the proper way to get rid of one's sins; that, like the Society of Friends, they are opposed to war, litigation aid profanity; that the tak ing of interest on money is strictly prohibited among them. |n short, they are a very plain kind of people^ abhoring everything that partakes in the least of ostentation or dis play- _ _ __ —A young lady, abont a month ago, secretly married the man of her choice, and then went right along attending to her busi ness as if nothing hid happened. But the other dny the hnppy couple concluded to pub lish the marriage notice, nod tbe old mao " ' *e notice to saw it Showing the his daughter, he sternly demanded, "What does this mean; is I» a ', 4 m, Maria Jaaa. or Is it rtainr r_Tha til* Ism. or is it N ærtM.. Th» old man weakened. RUSSIAN ARRY CONSCRIPTION* Flight to America to Eicapc the Pro voit Manhal. A letter from Warsaw of April 16, in the Prussian Borsenzeitung, says that the intro duction of the new law establishing^ univer sal military service in Russia continues to occupy public attention in every part of the Empire. The numerous regulations which are constantly being published ou the sub ject are discussed in the newspapers with an amount of care which shows the absorbing interest that has been excited among all classes by the new measures. The reform has, on the whole, been well received, but it meets here and there with op position. Numerous German colonists have already emigrated to America in order to es cape the obligation of serving in tbe Rus sian army. Their example is being followed by the. Tartars of the Crimea, whose tradi tional antipathy for the Russians renders it peculiarly distasteful to them to put on the Russian uniform. Apart from this they have a horror of militAry service, And they fear that as soldiers they would be compelled to abjure Mahometanism and to eat pork. The Tartars who are eligible for service in the army are, therefore, leaving their country in large numbers and emigrating to Turkey. Some of them have for the present left their women and children behind, while others, after selling all their immovable property, have taken their families with them. The emigration to Turkey is especially popular in the Caucasus, where it is feared that the whole population of the Kuban, amounting to about 70,000 persons, will rise against the Russian authorities, if the government should make any opposition to their departure. The arms for this purpose, it is said, baye already been secretly purchased, and the Circassians are subscribing to a fund which is destined to cover the expenses of the proposed emigration. flow Tkej Drop Shot* A reporter of the Baltimore American thus describes one of the many processes of mak ing shot in one of the shot-toweii of that city: One of the "secrets" of the manufac ture is the mixing of the lead with a certain proportion of a combination of mineral sub stances called 4 'temper." The "temper" is fused with the lead, and gives the molten metal that consistency which makes it drop. If it were not for the "temper" the lead would be molded by the sieve, and would form little pencils instead of round shot. When "BB" shot, for instance, are to be made, the lead is poured into a pan perfor ated with holes corresponding that size. The little pellets come pouring down in a continu ous shower, and fall into a tank filled with water on the ground floor. In their descent of 200 feet they become perfect spheres, firm and dense, and they are tolerably cool when they strike the water, although the swift con cussions make the tank foam and bubble as if the water was boiling furiously. The shot must fall in water, for if they wouid strike any firm substance they would be flattened and knocked out of shape. To get the pellets perfectly dry after they have been in the "well" is the most difficult and troublesome process of the whole manufacture. An ele vator with small buckets (very much like those used in flour mills) carries the shot up as fast as they reach the bottom of the 'well,' and deposits them in a box sixty feet above the first floor. The water drips from the buckets as they go up, and not much is pour ed into the receiver above, although it is in tended to be a sort of dripping machine. From this receiver the shot runs down a spout into a drying pan, which greatly resembles a gigantic shoe, made of sheet iron. The pan rests at an angle which permits the wet shot to roll slowly down to the chamber below, and the pellets become perfectly dry as they pass over the warm sheet iron. ————— A Living Pop Gan* There is a little fish, the chætodon, abound ing in the eastern seas, from Ceylon to Japan, which secures its prey by means of an instru ment like tbe blowpipe used by mischievous school boys for projecting peas and other means of torment. The nose of the fish is a kind of beak, through which he has the power of propelling a drop of water with force enough to disable a fly, preparatory to swal lowing it. His aim is accurate, and rarely misses his object. The unsuspecting fly sits on a spray of weed, a twig, or a tuft of grass, near the water, pluming himself in the warm rays of the sun. The fish cautiously places himself under the fly, stealthily projects his tube from the water, takes sure aim, and lets fly. Down drops the little innocent to be swal lowed by the fish .—Galaxy for June. In future issues of greenbacks, by order of the Secretary of the 1 reasury, the words '•United States legal tender note" and '•Treas ury note" are to be omitted, and the title changed to "United States notes," that being in the opinion of Mr. Richardson, the re quirement of the law. The new $500 bill ready for issue this month, will have a vig nettee of Gen. Mansfield on the right, and on the left an elaborate vignette of Peace. The new $50 note will have a vignette of Frank lin and the Goddess of Liberty, the latter be ing considered a remarkable specimen of en graving. The new twenty-five cent note will conform in size to tbe new series, of which the ten and fifty cent notes are already in circulation, Rid will be issued as soon as the Treasurer makes a requisition for fractional currency of this denomination. Instructions have been issued for the immediate prepara tion of a vignette of Cbas. Sumner. Scott County Minnesota, claims tbe most extensive Limburger cheese factory in the West One hundred and twenty cows con tribute In the formation of the «slide. Tbe eheeet is declared to he "ripe" «hen a piece tbe Mse of % bean will drive a log ont of a taqyusd. GENERAL ITERS. —The growth of Philadelphia i< said to be like that of a tree—marked by the number of its rings. —An old wine-bibber says that au empty champagne bottle is like an orphan, because it has lost its pop. —A scarf of silk, tied with a tiny bow around the wrist, is shown on both plain and elaborate costumes. —A California poet has bought a mule, and a brother poet chronicles it has a remarkable instance of self-possession. An Iowa judge lately began a charge to tlu: jury with "Gentlemen of the jury, you must now quit eating peanuts." The young lady in Wisconsin who receiv ed $1,000 damages for a kiss is reported as spoiling for some more damaging. Jay Gould is talked of as president of the Pennsylvania Central in place of J. Edgar Thompson, the president for so many years, wlio has just died. BmoiiAii Young has begun to be made a grandfatber-iu-law, and geometrical progres sion is inadequate to estimate the infiuite pos sibilities of the future. Soott county, Minn., contains an exten sive Limburger cheese factory. The cheese is declared to be "ripe" when a piece the size of a bean will drive a dog out of a tanyard. —A man in Boston, in his hurry to assist a fainting lady, got a bottle of mucilage in stead of camphor and bathed her face with it. She was a good deal stuck up with his at tention. —Says a Minnesota exchange, "a wild cat, shipped from Montana by General Custar, got loose in the United States Express office at St. Paul, and created a great deal of ex citement and consternation before it could be caught and caged." In a recent speech at Memphis, Andy John son hoped that when dead and gone he would still occupy a place in the respect and affec tion and hearts of his countrymen. There can be no doubt about it ; he will be remembered as long as Nasby is read. A bright and bewitching young "girl ' in one of the Troy, New York, mills, proved to be Henry Wallace, of Brooklyn, but not till a number of young men had fallen desper ately in love with him, when he left for an other scene of operations. A church journal believes that familiarity with the theatre destroys the innocence of childhood, quenches the blush on the maid en's check, and gives to the young man a bold and blaze air. The fresh bloom is irretriev ably brushed off the mind. Mr. C. McGeaciiy is editor of tbe Danbury Nor* during the absence iif Europe of Mr. Bailey McGeaciiy maintains very satisfactorily the energy and sprightliness of the editorial columns. He is aided in this by "Max Adeler," vrho is a regular contributor. A rich husband is like a wild buffalo, ex cessively difficult to catch, and excessively disagreeable when you liaye caught him. Leave ten million-dollar men to foolish girls who don't know better ; do you be satisfied with a one million-dollar man. Elections in Ohio under the new Consti tution will be held biennially, and will occur on the Tuesday succeeding the first Monday in November, instead of on the second Tues day of October, as now provided. All tbe State officers are to be elected at once. Onions are said to be as good a brain pro ducer as fish ; but as a pure sweet breath is of infinite more value in these crusade times, the question naturally suggests itself, what is good for onions? A fortune awaits the lucky individual who can «solve this difficult problem. Among the interesting scientific questions which it is expected the forthcoming observa tions upon the transit of Venus will settle is the true distance of the earth from the sun. There is a trifling dispute about the matter now which involves only from one to ten millions of miles. Mr. A. H. Stephens denies the authorship of a Latin hymn and an essay on cremation attributed to him by the southern press. He remarks substantially that he knows nothing re-Latin' to the hymn, though he can readily see the connection between religious poesy and insinneration. —Shoes still match the dress in color for house wear; but for promenade black kid boots, buttoned at the side, are popular. For home wear, high black satin, with bars across the instep and almost to the top, with colored silk stockings that match the dress, are the handsomest articles to wear. Says the St. Paul Pioneer of may 27th: "The Senate bas appropriated $7,862 to cover the expenses of Capt. James L. Fisk's famous overland expedition of 1862. This is ricbly deserved, for that expedition was one of the most daring adventures on record and pro dutive of important results." Congressman Bowen, it will be remember ed, was convicted of the crime of bigamy, and expelled from the House of Representa tives. The Mormon Delegate, Cannon, guilty of polygamy—a bigamist hy another name— is now on trial for a like crime in the eyes of the law, and undoubtedly will be similarly dealt with. A correspondent of the American Na tional Record gives the following theories upon the origin of tbe dollar mark: 1. It is a combination ot'U. 8., the initials of the Uni ted States ; 2. That it is a modification of the figure 8, the dollar formerly being called a piece of eight; 3. That it is a combination of P and 8 from the Spanish peso dura, sig nifying hard dollar; 4. That it is derived from arrepresentation of the ."pillars of Her cules," consisting of two pillars connected with a *cro*T ; 6. That it is a combination of H 8, the mark of the Roman money unit. In the Ts^iguage of the showman : "You pays your money and yon has your choice."