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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor. Till KSDAV, JI5IE 25, 1814. RLS|(^ATIO\ OF THE BOARD OF lADiAA lonniMioKE«». i)ispatches already published iu ' ~ai us of the resignation of the Board of Indian Com missioners. The reason for this move is attributed to the aetion of Congress in declin ing to permit the Board to take accounts, vouchers and other papers relating to the In dian management from the Department for examination beyond the limits of Washing ton. For several years past it has been the custom of the Commissioners to possess themselves of these accounts and vouchers, and in the pocket of the Secretary of the Board, or of some one of the Commissioners, carry them to Philadelphia, Pittsburg, Chicago, St. Louis, or wherever they ( hose, iu numerous instances retaining them for months and delaying settlement by the Government with its creditors beyond the period of patient endurance. The Secre tary of the Interior and the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, under the rule which permit ted this sort of interruption and interference of public business, were little less than clerks to the Board, and those officials were made in such cases to cut a very sorry figure. The Indian Bureau was subjected iu this way to almost constant annoyances and embarrass ments, and creditors of the Government were helpless and impotent to obtain their dues ex cept at the pleasure of the Commissioners or some pnviicular member of the Board. We do not regret that this coterie of philanthro pists, inaptly and inopportunely clothed with a little brief authority, which they seemed never to understand how properly to apply, have retired from publie trust and relieved themselves of the burden of office. The Gov ernment will go on all the same without them, if indeed the public interests are not the better subserved by their withdrawal to private life. Their day of usefulness, If they ever bad one in their official capacity, is past, and so far as the interests of the Government and of the Indians arc concerned, they will be looked af er by the proper Department and Bureau officers in Washington, and by Indian Inspectors, whose duties are relatively the same in essential particulars as those here tofore discharged by the Commissioners. THE CREDIT DUE HIM. A more faithful and competent official than Col. Callaway probably never filled the office of Secretary of any Territory, the accusations of the Democratic organ of this city to the contrary notwithstanding. Compared with any one of his predecessors, th« general ver dict is that the present Secretary has in a given time done double the work, and done it well. It is a laborious job to aitange the laws and journals in the proper shape for publication, and the charge of unnecessary delay, made by the Independent , has no foun dation in fact. Col. Callaway has given to this work great attention and exceeding care. Two years ago he made all the head notes, table of contents, indexes, and arrauged and numbered the chapters, and renumbered nearly every section iu the codified part of the law volume. This year he has marginal notes to all the laws, and the indexing will be added to his work. No other Secretary has ever performed any part of such labor, and to Secretary Callaway belongs the sole credit of accepting these tasks as part of his official duties. Ir the work to which he has applied himself industriously, he was interrupted by sickness, which confined him to his bed for the better part of several weeks, following afterwards by a fortnight's illness in his family. Will the Independent , before it further ac cuses Secretary Callaway, inform the public the number of months it took to print in its columns the several laws of the extraordinary session, which it undertook to publish, under contract with the Territory? If we remember right, it received pay for pub lishing about one-fourth of said laws, and it consumed, If we are not mistaken, over two month « in doing the job through the medium of its weekly issue. Our cotemporary, with payment received in advance, went about the work as to it was most advantageous, and finished it at last with the Mme regard to its own convenience. When "remissness of duty" is to be charged, let the Independent pass that to some one of its neighbors. It bas no business in that line, except it applies censure to itself. Somebody having asked Treasurer Spinner if it was true that he swears louder than any one in Washington, that gentleman responds in a long letter explaining the instance which he supposed gave rise ta the story. It was after the war, and the occasion was the presentation by a Confederate officer of a check for payment of services as field officer in the army of the United States previous to the war. General Spinner Mys he refused to pay it, and that the refuMi led to an animated controversy, in which some pretty energetic language wns used. When he got through, a Presbyterian gentleman who stood by express ed his approval, and an elderly lady of the Methodist persuasion clasped her hands and Mid: "Oh, Mr. 8pinner, you koow how Iu my heart I abhor sw earing, but I declare for it that your swearing sounds to me for all the world like prayers."_ Thb President has nominated Wm. H. Parker to be* Collector of Internal Revenue? for the District of Colorado. « a or to as ter THE AR9IY BEDUCTIOX. The army bill which passed the House on May 29th makes a reduction in the army of five regiments of infantry, one of cavalry, and one of artillery. The uumber of men is fixed at 25,000. Officers may resign with a year's pay. A board is provided to weed out incompetent and inefficient officers. The grade of regimental adjutant, quartermaster, and company wagoner are abolished. One Major abolished iu each regiment of cavalry and artillery. The aids of General of the Army reduced from 6 to 3; Adjutant General's de partment reduced from 10 to 7 permanent officers, with 8 detailed officers. Inspector General's department, reduced from 8 to 5, with privilege of 4 detailed officers. Bureau of Military Justice, reduced from 9 to 5. Quartermaster's office, fro m 57 to 40, with a detail of 10 men additional. Subsistence de partment, from 25 to 17, with a detail of 6 additional. Medical department, increased in regular officers from 155 to 209. Contract surgeons, diminished from 173 to 75. Pay department, reduced from 47 to 34. Ord nance department is reduced from 57 to 43, with 16 additional detailed officers. Provis sion is made for paying the army by drafts on the Treasurer. The Secretary of War can use discretion to order payments in currency, as heretofore, whenever it works a hardshi p. Officers are to be selected for details on staffs by a board to subject appointments to a com petitive examination. They are to serve on the staff wheu detailed four years, with an additional tour years in any other branch of staff, if detailed. The officers who have been detailed to do duty as professors in colleges are hereafter to be permitted to do that duty as upon leave of absence. As vacancies occur no appoint ment shall be made until the number is re duced to the regular number, and after that the promotions arc to go on as vacancies shall occur. The principal opposition to the bill was to that part of it which provided for payments by draft, and the reason was given that sol diers would be shaved in disposing of the drafts. The reason for putting this provis ion in was founded upon experience of pay ment made by the Pension Office, by which sixty Pension Agents pay 238,000 pensioners four times a year, at an expense to the gov ernment of $470,000, while it takes forty-six paymasters to pay 30,000 troops six times a year, assisted by aB many clerks, at an ex pense of $350,000. The payment of pen sioners costing less than $2 a head ; the pay ment of soldiers and officers cost over $12 a head. The bill, as reported by the commit tee, was passed without a single amendment. DEATH OF THE SOW OF THE SEC RETARY OF WAR. William G. Belknap, son of Hon W. W. Belknap, Secretary of War, died at his borne in Keokuk, Iowa, on Monday June 8th, of consumption. Deceased was in bis twentieth year and had been an Invalid for two years. He spent some time in New Mexico for the benefit of his health, but the improve ment sought was not secured, and be returned home considerably worse than when he went away. It was apparent to his friends that he could not long survive, but so sudden a death was not anticipated by any one. * The Gate City of the 8th says: "On Sunday last he formerly united with tho Westminis ter Presbyterian Church, of this city, and made a public confession of the faith which he had long entertained. He did not do this from any apparent thought or consciousness of approaching death, but from a sense of duty. The act was purely voluntarily on his part, and the announcement was made at his own request. William G. Belknap was a young man who possessed intellectual quali ties of a very high order. He entered Prince ton College at an early age and passed suc cessfully through the Freshman's Class, after which he was obliged to withdraw on account of bis health. His pursuit of knowledge was prompted by a love of it, and he applied him self to his studies with zeal and earnestness. In thought, action, conversation and educa tional accomplishments, he was far in advace of his age." Thbrb are some folk who think it is of bo importance whether they write well or ill—a class not affectionately beloved in a printing office*. Let careleM hand o' writers read of a law case pending in the Supreme Court at Jackson, Tenn., in which the sole qneetion to be determined is whether a certain letter in a promissory note for $5,000 is "I." or "J."— whether the Mid note is made payable to "1. Blanckensee" or "J.Blanckensee"--to "Isaac" or to "Julius," representatives of each party claiming the money. As usually written, "I" and."J''are nearly identical; but the great absurdity here was potting an initial letter in to a promissory note at all. Ex-Govkkxuh Fayette McMullin, of Virginia, is so anxious to go to Congress next session that he promises faithfully to be con tent with one term, and, moreover, Hat he will give $2,000 yearly from bis salary for religions and benevolent organisations in bis district. He resents the idea of hie having been in public life too long, he only having ■erred three years in the House of Delegates, eleven la the Senate, eight in Congress, two as Governor of Washington Territory, and a part of a session in the Confederate Con* greSS. ^ Bancroft Davis, Assistant Secretary of Slate, was confirmed i>y the Senate na Minis ter to Germany on the 10th. He succeeds Bancroft, whose resignation takes effect Jnly 111, 1874* of ed of the on tho is a a Meandering« of the "Judge* The way I happened to pay Camp Baker a visit just at this time wm in the manner fol lowing : I met in Helena on Friday evening last Lieut. W. H. Nelson and Mr. Bryan—the former of the 7th Inft'y. and present command ant of the above-named post, and the latter of the post sutlership corps of the Mme — who extended an invitation to ride over with them the next day in their "avalanche," behind four mules. 1 accepted, and, on Sat urday morning, with pie-box containing clean shirt, tooth-brush and other necessaries, re ported at rendezvous. Am glad I came, for, aside from the pleasing conversational powers and story-telling proclivities of the gentlemen named, we had occasional spicy remarks anc well-sung sentimental songs from Corp'l. Clark. The day was lowery and the roads muddy, but for the above reasons the trip was a pleasant one to all Mve the mules. We crossed the Missouri at Canyon Ferry without delay or trouble, although the stream is nearly up to highest water marks, stopping on the eastern bank only long enough to ex change compliments with Jo. Hirschman and Doc. Rotwitt. At about 2 p. m. we halted at Blackwell Bros., at the mouth of White's Gulch, where we had a good dinner all around. The Blackwell boys have three quarter sections of fine agricultural land un der fence, and engage in farming extensively. They raise large quantities of wheat usually, and every bushel makes the best of XXX flour. This year, however,* the "hoppers" are too numerous in the neighborhood for any real use, and the trouble and expense of harvesting will be materially lessened if not altogether obviated. In White's Gulch about fifty miners work, and I understand the most of them are doing well. At the town, which is about four miles from the mouth of the gulch, a number of familiar faces greeted us, among them Ira Myers, Charlie Lee, and J. E. Stager. Our stay here was only a few minutes, as the near approach of evening warned us to be pushing onward, and the urgent invitations to supper were necessarily declined. About a mile above the town, in a portion of the gulch prolific in verdure and surround ed by scenery grand and picturesque, Lieut. Nelson has growing under his personal super vision a patch of strawberry plants. These plants arc of a very rare specie, "compara tively speaking," and are classified by the Lieutenant as the "giant mountain straw berry." I learned, in a casual way, that cer tain young ladies of Helena, for each of whom Nelson has a tender—though mayhap» platonic—regard, are each to be presented by him with a few sets at the proper season for transplanting. They can prepare their beds, for tbe plants, accordingly. Camp Baker is about the same place iu ap pearance to-day as described by me last year, save that its appearance is made more home like by the free distribution, in circles and squares, of shade trees. The garrison is kept down to small numbers this season from es cort duty to Diamond "R" trains per Muscle shell route. Lieut. Nelson bas detailed him self and fifteen men to escort a train now just passing, and Judge Gaddis the jolly, gentle manly post sutler, and the "Judge" have de tailed themselves—after urgent invitations from Nelson so to do—to accompany the party as guard to the escort. We go out as far as Brewer's Springs to-night, and on by easy drives to Trout Creek, where our party will turn about and protect homeward-bound freights. Therefore, for the reasons last above stated, the Herald readers will hear nothing further about my "meanderings" for the next fort night. Catnp Baker can boast of a good instru mental musical corps, composing a Septette club, led by Mr. W. G. Hartten. On last evening the Herald representative here pres ent, Lieut. W. H. Nelson, post commandant. Lieut. F. M. H. Kendrick, and Dr. Oldixen, post surgeon, were serenaded by the above named corps. Tbe evening was made most pleasAnt ta all: Ordinarily, in taking from Camp Baker both Lieut. Nelson and Judge Gaddis, reason able fMrs might be entertained for tbe Mfety of tbe post ; but, as Lieut. Kendrick com mands in the interim of their absence on this trip* these fears are entirely allayed. Several horses have been stolen in the neighborhood of Camp Baker within the past week, and every trace leads to the conclusion that the Flatheads, now en route to their sum mer bunting ground in the Judith Basin, are the thieves. The new Agent, Mr. Pete Wha ley, hereby has bis attention attracted to these outrages. It is Mid that this is not their first depredations in this section. The St. Louis Wettern Granger has aban doned its neutral position and come out flat footed for the "GrMt Reform Party Inaugu rated by Abraham Lincoln," tbe reason as signed being that "tbe St. Louis Dispatch and other mongrel sheets" have "hoisted tbe black flag of rebel Democracy." 1 here is nothiag which makes Republicans feel so much like cloeing the ranks and marching shoulder to shoulder as the exhibition of any siga of life on the part of the corpses in the morgue of tha1?)cinoc n»Uc party. ▲ South Carolina Judge recently sen tsnood n prisoner to the penitentiary for four years, and added: "That it, if you are per mitted to stay there. I meet person! on the street a few wefcka after 1 have sent tjilm to tho penitentiary." The Judge wm evidently getting discouraged. at i yotb of confidence# The Democracy of Miesoula met in County Convention on tbe 15th inst. Among other resolutions adopted wm the following: Reeoleed, That Warren R. Tnrk, editor and proprietor of the Weekly Missoulian , a news paper devoted to the best interests of Missoula county, and independent in politics, is entitled to the earnest and hearty support of the people of this county without regard to party. We ask the attention of the Virginia papers to the above. Both the Madisonian (Dem.) and Montanian (lud.) have virulently attacked Mr. Turk since he declared for approval of thft capital law, charging him with selling his cogkictions for a price, and insolting him with columns of detraction and abuse. Close upon the beels of their slanderous articles comes the endorsement of the Democratic Convention of hie county—the endorsement of a large number of representative men fresh from tbe people, who My tbe Missoulian is "a newspaper devoted to the best interests of Missoula -minty ," and that Mr. Turk, as edi tor and proprietor of the paper, "m entitled to to the earnest and hearty support of the people of the county y without regard to party." That is a manly utterance to come from political opponents. It is all the more signfi cant, bearing, as it does, tbe official Mnction of the Democracy of Missoula, in convention assembled. Not only in his capacity as editor and publisher, but as a citizen, Mr. Turk is highly esteemed, and bis worth appreciated by the people of Montana. A candidate for office on tbe Republican ticket in Missoula, lie came within a few votes of an election in a county always Democratic. Mr. Turk can afford to be magnanimous to his detractors. His paper has honestly and conscientiously reflected the views of his people on the capi tal question, as it has unvaryingly contended for the best interests of the county. The Vir ginia papers, after the rebuke administered in the above resolution, will do well to ad dress themselves to more inviting tasks than assailing the integrity of Warren R. Turk. THE GRASSHOPPER PLAGUE ELSE WHERE. The fair fields of Montana are not the only ones this year scourged by the devastating grasshopper. Indeed, the farmers of this Territory, compared with those in parts of Minnesota and Iowa, are much better off than their neighbors. In some ten or a dozen counties of the States named the settlers are leaving their fields en masse, tbe grasshoppers having literally devoured every growing thing. Here farmers calculate on at taut a third crop. Grain, in that event, will probably be worth three eents a pound agai^t one or one and a half with a full crop. For the sufferers in Minnesota and Iowa, Congress is asked to grant certain relief—to allow pre-emption and homestead settlers of the afflicted districts to he absent from their settlements until 3Iay 1, 1875, without for feiting tbe rights they have acquired by their locations. Mr. Dunneli stated, in presenting the bill, that last year some ten counties of Minnesota and Iowa were raided upon by grasshoppers to such an extent ttyit tbe set tlers in that section were rendered extremely poor, hundreds of them being driven away, while the grasshoppers filled the soil of that region with eggs. The States of Minnesota and Iowa, as well as the citizens of those States, contributed some hundred thousand dollars for the purchase of the necessaries of life and of seed for these unfortunate settlers. It turns out that these eggs are now hatching, and that the earth is literally filled with young, grasshoppers and all vegetation there is de stroyed. The House by a unanimous vote granted Mr. Dunnell'a request. It is feared that these destructive insects will extend their ravages this year throughout a much larger district than they occupied last summer. Terri Cariai News# Montanian , 18 th inst: C. L.* Alexander is looking after the inter ests of the Government and its mail service in Montana. The Territorial warrants that were regis tered prior to November 25, 1872, kave been canceled. W. G. McGregory and family returned on the 13th inst. to their homes ia Adobetown from the East. Upon tbe ruins of Brandon, about three miles above Sheridan, on Mill Creek, tbe foundations of Broad Gauge City have been laid. J. T. Allen, of Missouri» has recently pur chased over one thousand head ef cattle in this part of the Territory. He will drive them to the railifad and thence transport them to the States. Capt. Ball, of the regular army, passed through Virginia to-day en route for Fort Ellis. He has with his command twenty-four recruits for tbe second rcgimeqt of cavalry, four companies of which are now stationed at that post. We have receive a letter from Hon. S. S. Burdett, Commissioner of tbe General Land Office in Washington, of the 5th inst., stating that the action of tbe Surveyor General of Montana, in refusing to reappoint Mr. Cor bett as Deputy Surveyor, will not be interfered with. The President has sent the name of B. F. i Potts to tbe Senate for a second termM Gov ernor of Montana. His nomination was not unexpected . The General Incorporation bill, relating to tbe çoQRtrùction of railroads in tbe Territo ries, wiUjiot, we are Informed, pass Congress this session. A Radesburoh correspondent "G"—the which, we guess is good for George—calls through the Independent for the Democracy of Jefferson to rally. "G" is not positive or Mnguine of a Democratic success in that county, for he says "if the party fails to put up a good ticket certain and deserved defeat will meet it at the August election." As the Democracy of Jefferson, like the Democracy of Lewis and Clarke, are usually unfortunate in the selection of "a good ticket"—there be ing, apparently, a scarcity of the requisite material—we indulge in high hopes of seeing our neighboring county wheel squarely into the Republican ranks at no distant day. The prospects are undoubtedly encouraging for a Republican victory, in part or in whole, in Jefferson at the coming election. Let the Republicans due their duty, and tbe result will not be uncertain. TELEGRAMS REPORTED SPECIALLY FOR THE HERALD BY WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. UNITED STATES. CON G KEHN I ON A I. «»KOCEEDINGM. Washington, June 11.—SENATE—The House bill admitting free of duty articles in tended for exhibition at the Centennial Anni versary, passed. Morrill, of Vt., submitted a resolution from the Finance Committee instructing the Secre tary of the Treasury to inquire and report as to the necessity of an Assay (Mice at Port land, Oregon, and the expediency of pur chasing a private assay office there, :»nd also, to inquire into the expediency of abolishing the present assay office at Boise City, Idaho Teiritory. Morton moved that the pending and all prior orders be laid aside and that the Senate proceed to the consideration of the report of the Committee <*f Conference on the Cur rency bill, which was agreed to. Morton ex plained the report as removing the monopoly feature from the national banking system and making banking free. The theory of the bill was that by January 1, 1878, a five per cent, bond will be at par in coin, and that United States notes being convertable into such bonds will also be at par, having gradually appreci ated by a slow rate, not exceeding three and a half per cent, per annum, and that specie payments may be resumed without oppression to tbe debtor class or disarrangement of the business of tbe country. The hill had been prepared in a spirit of compromise, having in view such expansion of the currency as may be necessary to meet demands of the country and at the same time to gradually bring about specie payments. Shermain said he thought the bill a fair compromise. Boutwell asked Sherman and the commit tee what knowledge they had of the condi tion of affairs which would exist in 1878 which would justify the step they dared not take now ? Sherman replied that they believed the re sumption of specie payments woujd then be practicable. Morrill and Frelinglmyscn did not favor the report. Jones believed it easy to return to specie payments within two years without auv dan ger to the interests of the country. Logan spoke in favor of the report and ex pressed surprise at the opposition manifested by men who recently advocated the very fea tures contained iu the bill. It was not satis factory to him, but he was willing to accept it to settle the vexed financial question, and appealed to the Senators to act iu a spirit <>F concession and compromise. Boutwell said the eighth section of the hill transferred the financial powers of this coun try from Congress to the speculators of Wall street and Europe, and when the first of Jan uary next should approach there would be a demand for the repeal of this section, because the country would sec that it could not stand the combined speculators of the world. Pending further discussion the Senate ad journed. HOUSE—Tbe business on the Speaker's table waa proceeded with. A number of bills were disposed of, and the rest left on the Speaker's table, which cannot be passed at this session except under a suspension of the rules, motions for which will now be in order until the close of the session. Among the bills left over are the Senate Civil Rights bill, a bill for the incorporation of railroads in Territories, and the Mackinac Park bill. Eldridge moved to suspend the rules and make in order as an amendment to the Civil Appropriation bill, an item of $75,000 for the Washington monument. Rejected by 148 to 84, cot two thirds in the affirmative. Maynard remarked that the Committee on •tbe Washington Monument haul intended to have asked a small appropriation for a monu ment to the mother of Washington at > red ericksburg, but in view of the vote just taKeu the Committee would not now submit the proposition. The House then went into Committee of the Whole on the Sundry Civil Appropria tion bill. It appropriates $23.627,613. The first paragraph in the bill was an a|> propriation of $1,645,507 tor public printing and paper, including the cost of printing de bates, with a provision that the wages of gov ernment printers aud bookbinders shall not be above the average price for similar Aork in New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore. On motion of Hawley the last provision