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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 25, 1874, Image 4

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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK, - - - - Editor.
Till KSDAV, JI5IE 25, 1814.
RLS|(^ATIO\ OF THE BOARD OF
lADiAA lonniMioKE«».
i)ispatches already published iu ' ~ai us of
the resignation of the Board of Indian Com
missioners. The reason for this move is
attributed to the aetion of Congress in declin
ing to permit the Board to take accounts,
vouchers and other papers relating to the In
dian management from the Department for
examination beyond the limits of Washing
ton. For several years past it has been the
custom of the Commissioners to possess
themselves of these accounts and vouchers,
and in the pocket of the Secretary
of the Board, or of some one of the
Commissioners, carry them to Philadelphia,
Pittsburg, Chicago, St. Louis, or wherever
they ( hose, iu numerous instances retaining
them for months and delaying settlement by
the Government with its creditors beyond
the period of patient endurance. The Secre
tary of the Interior and the Commissioner of
Indian Affairs, under the rule which permit
ted this sort of interruption and interference
of public business, were little less than clerks
to the Board, and those officials were made in
such cases to cut a very sorry figure. The
Indian Bureau was subjected iu this way to
almost constant annoyances and embarrass
ments, and creditors of the Government were
helpless and impotent to obtain their dues ex
cept at the pleasure of the Commissioners or
some pnviicular member of the Board. We
do not regret that this coterie of philanthro
pists, inaptly and inopportunely clothed with
a little brief authority, which they seemed
never to understand how properly to apply,
have retired from publie trust and relieved
themselves of the burden of office. The Gov
ernment will go on all the same without
them, if indeed the public interests are not
the better subserved by their withdrawal to
private life. Their day of usefulness, If they
ever bad one in their official capacity, is past,
and so far as the interests of the Government
and of the Indians arc concerned, they will
be looked af er by the proper Department
and Bureau officers in Washington, and by
Indian Inspectors, whose duties are relatively
the same in essential particulars as those here
tofore discharged by the Commissioners.
THE CREDIT DUE HIM.
A more faithful and competent official than
Col. Callaway probably never filled the office
of Secretary of any Territory, the accusations
of the Democratic organ of this city to the
contrary notwithstanding. Compared with
any one of his predecessors, th« general ver
dict is that the present Secretary has in a
given time done double the work, and done
it well. It is a laborious job to aitange the
laws and journals in the proper shape for
publication, and the charge of unnecessary
delay, made by the Independent , has no foun
dation in fact. Col. Callaway has given to
this work great attention and exceeding care.
Two years ago he made all the head notes,
table of contents, indexes, and arrauged and
numbered the chapters, and renumbered
nearly every section iu the codified part of
the law volume. This year he has marginal
notes to all the laws, and the indexing will be
added to his work. No other Secretary has
ever performed any part of such labor, and
to Secretary Callaway belongs the sole credit
of accepting these tasks as part of his official
duties. Ir the work to which he has applied
himself industriously, he was interrupted by
sickness, which confined him to his bed for
the better part of several weeks, following
afterwards by a fortnight's illness in his
family.
Will the Independent , before it further ac
cuses Secretary Callaway, inform the public
the number of months it took to print in its
columns the several laws of the extraordinary
session, which it undertook to publish,
under contract with the Territory? If we
remember right, it received pay for pub
lishing about one-fourth of said laws, and it
consumed, If we are not mistaken, over two
month « in doing the job through the medium
of its weekly issue. Our cotemporary, with
payment received in advance, went about the
work as to it was most advantageous, and
finished it at last with the Mme regard to its
own convenience. When "remissness of
duty" is to be charged, let the Independent
pass that to some one of its neighbors. It
bas no business in that line, except it applies
censure to itself.
Somebody having asked Treasurer Spinner
if it was true that he swears louder than any
one in Washington, that gentleman responds
in a long letter explaining the instance which
he supposed gave rise ta the story. It was
after the war, and the occasion was the
presentation by a Confederate officer of a
check for payment of services as field officer
in the army of the United States previous to
the war. General Spinner Mys he refused to
pay it, and that the refuMi led to an animated
controversy, in which some pretty energetic
language wns used. When he got through, a
Presbyterian gentleman who stood by express
ed his approval, and an elderly lady of the
Methodist persuasion clasped her hands and
Mid: "Oh, Mr. 8pinner, you koow how Iu my
heart I abhor sw earing, but I declare for it
that your swearing sounds to me for all the
world like prayers."_
Thb President has nominated Wm. H.
Parker to be* Collector of Internal Revenue?
for the District of Colorado. «
a
or
to
as
ter
THE AR9IY BEDUCTIOX.
The army bill which passed the House on
May 29th makes a reduction in the army of
five regiments of infantry, one of cavalry,
and one of artillery. The uumber of men is
fixed at 25,000. Officers may resign with a
year's pay. A board is provided to weed out
incompetent and inefficient officers. The grade
of regimental adjutant, quartermaster, and
company wagoner are abolished. One Major
abolished iu each regiment of cavalry and
artillery. The aids of General of the Army
reduced from 6 to 3; Adjutant General's de
partment reduced from 10 to 7 permanent
officers, with 8 detailed officers. Inspector
General's department, reduced from 8 to 5,
with privilege of 4 detailed officers. Bureau
of Military Justice, reduced from 9 to 5.
Quartermaster's office, fro m 57 to 40, with a
detail of 10 men additional. Subsistence de
partment, from 25 to 17, with a detail of 6
additional. Medical department, increased in
regular officers from 155 to 209. Contract
surgeons, diminished from 173 to 75. Pay
department, reduced from 47 to 34. Ord
nance department is reduced from 57 to 43,
with 16 additional detailed officers. Provis
sion is made for paying the army by drafts
on the Treasurer. The Secretary of War can
use discretion to order payments in currency,
as heretofore, whenever it works a hardshi p.
Officers are to be selected for details on staffs
by a board to subject appointments to a com
petitive examination. They are to serve on
the staff wheu detailed four years, with an
additional tour years in any other branch of
staff, if detailed.
The officers who have been detailed to do
duty as professors in colleges are hereafter to
be permitted to do that duty as upon leave of
absence. As vacancies occur no appoint
ment shall be made until the number is re
duced to the regular number, and after that
the promotions arc to go on as vacancies shall
occur.
The principal opposition to the bill was to
that part of it which provided for payments
by draft, and the reason was given that sol
diers would be shaved in disposing of the
drafts. The reason for putting this provis
ion in was founded upon experience of pay
ment made by the Pension Office, by which
sixty Pension Agents pay 238,000 pensioners
four times a year, at an expense to the gov
ernment of $470,000, while it takes forty-six
paymasters to pay 30,000 troops six times a
year, assisted by aB many clerks, at an ex
pense of $350,000. The payment of pen
sioners costing less than $2 a head ; the pay
ment of soldiers and officers cost over $12 a
head. The bill, as reported by the commit
tee, was passed without a single amendment.
DEATH OF THE SOW OF THE SEC
RETARY OF WAR.
William G. Belknap, son of Hon W. W.
Belknap, Secretary of War, died at his borne
in Keokuk, Iowa, on Monday June 8th, of
consumption. Deceased was in bis twentieth
year and had been an Invalid for two
years. He spent some time in New Mexico
for the benefit of his health, but the improve
ment sought was not secured, and be returned
home considerably worse than when he went
away. It was apparent to his friends that he
could not long survive, but so sudden a death
was not anticipated by any one. *
The Gate City of the 8th says: "On Sunday
last he formerly united with tho Westminis
ter Presbyterian Church, of this city, and
made a public confession of the faith which
he had long entertained. He did not do this
from any apparent thought or consciousness
of approaching death, but from a sense of
duty. The act was purely voluntarily on his
part, and the announcement was made at his
own request. William G. Belknap was a
young man who possessed intellectual quali
ties of a very high order. He entered Prince
ton College at an early age and passed suc
cessfully through the Freshman's Class, after
which he was obliged to withdraw on account
of bis health. His pursuit of knowledge was
prompted by a love of it, and he applied him
self to his studies with zeal and earnestness.
In thought, action, conversation and educa
tional accomplishments, he was far in advace
of his age."
Thbrb are some folk who think it is of bo
importance whether they write well or ill—a
class not affectionately beloved in a printing
office*. Let careleM hand o' writers read of
a law case pending in the Supreme Court at
Jackson, Tenn., in which the sole qneetion to
be determined is whether a certain letter in a
promissory note for $5,000 is "I." or "J."—
whether the Mid note is made payable to "1.
Blanckensee" or "J.Blanckensee"--to "Isaac"
or to "Julius," representatives of each party
claiming the money. As usually written, "I"
and."J''are nearly identical; but the great
absurdity here was potting an initial letter in
to a promissory note at all.
Ex-Govkkxuh Fayette McMullin, of
Virginia, is so anxious to go to Congress next
session that he promises faithfully to be con
tent with one term, and, moreover, Hat he
will give $2,000 yearly from bis salary for
religions and benevolent organisations in bis
district. He resents the idea of hie having
been in public life too long, he only having
■erred three years in the House of Delegates,
eleven la the Senate, eight in Congress, two
as Governor of Washington Territory, and a
part of a session in the Confederate Con*
greSS. ^
Bancroft Davis, Assistant Secretary of
Slate, was confirmed i>y the Senate na Minis
ter to Germany on the 10th. He succeeds
Bancroft, whose resignation takes effect Jnly
111, 1874*
of
ed
of
the
on
tho
is
a
a
Meandering« of the "Judge*
The way I happened to pay Camp Baker a
visit just at this time wm in the manner fol
lowing : I met in Helena on Friday evening
last Lieut. W. H. Nelson and Mr. Bryan—the
former of the 7th Inft'y. and present command
ant of the above-named post, and the latter
of the post sutlership corps of the Mme —
who extended an invitation to ride over with
them the next day in their "avalanche,"
behind four mules. 1 accepted, and, on Sat
urday morning, with pie-box containing clean
shirt, tooth-brush and other necessaries, re
ported at rendezvous. Am glad I came, for,
aside from the pleasing conversational powers
and story-telling proclivities of the gentlemen
named, we had occasional spicy remarks anc
well-sung sentimental songs from Corp'l.
Clark. The day was lowery and the roads
muddy, but for the above reasons the trip
was a pleasant one to all Mve the mules.
We crossed the Missouri at Canyon Ferry
without delay or trouble, although the stream
is nearly up to highest water marks, stopping
on the eastern bank only long enough to ex
change compliments with Jo. Hirschman and
Doc. Rotwitt. At about 2 p. m. we halted at
Blackwell Bros., at the mouth of White's
Gulch, where we had a good dinner all
around. The Blackwell boys have three
quarter sections of fine agricultural land un
der fence, and engage in farming extensively.
They raise large quantities of wheat usually,
and every bushel makes the best of XXX
flour. This year, however,* the "hoppers"
are too numerous in the neighborhood for
any real use, and the trouble and expense of
harvesting will be materially lessened if not
altogether obviated.
In White's Gulch about fifty miners work,
and I understand the most of them are doing
well. At the town, which is about four miles
from the mouth of the gulch, a number of
familiar faces greeted us, among them Ira
Myers, Charlie Lee, and J. E. Stager. Our
stay here was only a few minutes, as the near
approach of evening warned us to be pushing
onward, and the urgent invitations to supper
were necessarily declined.
About a mile above the town, in a portion
of the gulch prolific in verdure and surround
ed by scenery grand and picturesque, Lieut.
Nelson has growing under his personal super
vision a patch of strawberry plants. These
plants arc of a very rare specie, "compara
tively speaking," and are classified by the
Lieutenant as the "giant mountain straw
berry." I learned, in a casual way, that cer
tain young ladies of Helena, for each of
whom Nelson has a tender—though mayhap»
platonic—regard, are each to be presented by
him with a few sets at the proper season for
transplanting. They can prepare their beds,
for tbe plants, accordingly.
Camp Baker is about the same place iu ap
pearance to-day as described by me last year,
save that its appearance is made more home
like by the free distribution, in circles and
squares, of shade trees. The garrison is kept
down to small numbers this season from es
cort duty to Diamond "R" trains per Muscle
shell route. Lieut. Nelson bas detailed him
self and fifteen men to escort a train now just
passing, and Judge Gaddis the jolly, gentle
manly post sutler, and the "Judge" have de
tailed themselves—after urgent invitations
from Nelson so to do—to accompany the
party as guard to the escort. We go out as
far as Brewer's Springs to-night, and on by
easy drives to Trout Creek, where our party
will turn about and protect homeward-bound
freights.
Therefore, for the reasons last above stated,
the Herald readers will hear nothing further
about my "meanderings" for the next fort
night.
Catnp Baker can boast of a good instru
mental musical corps, composing a Septette
club, led by Mr. W. G. Hartten. On last
evening the Herald representative here pres
ent, Lieut. W. H. Nelson, post commandant.
Lieut. F. M. H. Kendrick, and Dr. Oldixen,
post surgeon, were serenaded by the above
named corps. Tbe evening was made most
pleasAnt ta all:
Ordinarily, in taking from Camp Baker
both Lieut. Nelson and Judge Gaddis, reason
able fMrs might be entertained for tbe Mfety
of tbe post ; but, as Lieut. Kendrick com
mands in the interim of their absence on this
trip* these fears are entirely allayed.
Several horses have been stolen in the
neighborhood of Camp Baker within the past
week, and every trace leads to the conclusion
that the Flatheads, now en route to their sum
mer bunting ground in the Judith Basin, are
the thieves. The new Agent, Mr. Pete Wha
ley, hereby has bis attention attracted to these
outrages. It is Mid that this is not their first
depredations in this section.
The St. Louis Wettern Granger has aban
doned its neutral position and come out flat
footed for the "GrMt Reform Party Inaugu
rated by Abraham Lincoln," tbe reason as
signed being that "tbe St. Louis Dispatch and
other mongrel sheets" have "hoisted tbe black
flag of rebel Democracy." 1 here is nothiag
which makes Republicans feel so much like
cloeing the ranks and marching shoulder to
shoulder as the exhibition of any siga of life
on the part of the corpses in the morgue of
tha1?)cinoc n»Uc party.
▲ South Carolina Judge recently sen
tsnood n prisoner to the penitentiary for four
years, and added: "That it, if you are per
mitted to stay there. I meet person! on the
street a few wefcka after 1 have sent tjilm to
tho penitentiary." The Judge wm evidently
getting discouraged.
at
i
yotb of confidence#
The Democracy of Miesoula met in County
Convention on tbe 15th inst. Among other
resolutions adopted wm the following:
Reeoleed, That Warren R. Tnrk, editor and
proprietor of the Weekly Missoulian , a news
paper devoted to the best interests of Missoula
county, and independent in politics, is entitled
to the earnest and hearty support of the
people of this county without regard to
party.
We ask the attention of the Virginia papers
to the above. Both the Madisonian (Dem.)
and Montanian (lud.) have virulently attacked
Mr. Turk since he declared for approval of
thft capital law, charging him with selling his
cogkictions for a price, and insolting him
with columns of detraction and abuse. Close
upon the beels of their slanderous articles
comes the endorsement of the Democratic
Convention of hie county—the endorsement
of a large number of representative men fresh
from tbe people, who My tbe Missoulian is
"a newspaper devoted to the best interests of
Missoula -minty ," and that Mr. Turk, as edi
tor and proprietor of the paper, "m entitled to
to the earnest and hearty support of the people
of the county y without regard to party."
That is a manly utterance to come from
political opponents. It is all the more signfi
cant, bearing, as it does, tbe official Mnction
of the Democracy of Missoula, in convention
assembled. Not only in his capacity as editor
and publisher, but as a citizen, Mr. Turk is
highly esteemed, and bis worth appreciated
by the people of Montana. A candidate for
office on tbe Republican ticket in Missoula,
lie came within a few votes of an election in
a county always Democratic. Mr. Turk can
afford to be magnanimous to his detractors.
His paper has honestly and conscientiously
reflected the views of his people on the capi
tal question, as it has unvaryingly contended
for the best interests of the county. The Vir
ginia papers, after the rebuke administered
in the above resolution, will do well to ad
dress themselves to more inviting tasks than
assailing the integrity of Warren R. Turk.
THE GRASSHOPPER PLAGUE ELSE
WHERE.
The fair fields of Montana are not the only
ones this year scourged by the devastating
grasshopper. Indeed, the farmers of this
Territory, compared with those in parts of
Minnesota and Iowa, are much better off
than their neighbors. In some ten or a dozen
counties of the States named the settlers are
leaving their fields en masse, tbe grasshoppers
having literally devoured every growing thing.
Here farmers calculate on at taut a third
crop. Grain, in that event, will probably be
worth three eents a pound agai^t one or one
and a half with a full crop.
For the sufferers in Minnesota and Iowa,
Congress is asked to grant certain relief—to
allow pre-emption and homestead settlers of
the afflicted districts to he absent from their
settlements until 3Iay 1, 1875, without for
feiting tbe rights they have acquired by their
locations. Mr. Dunneli stated, in presenting
the bill, that last year some ten counties of
Minnesota and Iowa were raided upon by
grasshoppers to such an extent ttyit tbe set
tlers in that section were rendered extremely
poor, hundreds of them being driven away,
while the grasshoppers filled the soil of that
region with eggs. The States of Minnesota
and Iowa, as well as the citizens of those
States, contributed some hundred thousand
dollars for the purchase of the necessaries of
life and of seed for these unfortunate settlers.
It turns out that these eggs are now hatching,
and that the earth is literally filled with young,
grasshoppers and all vegetation there is de
stroyed. The House by a unanimous vote
granted Mr. Dunnell'a request. It is feared
that these destructive insects will extend their
ravages this year throughout a much larger
district than they occupied last summer.
Terri Cariai News#
Montanian , 18 th inst:
C. L.* Alexander is looking after the inter
ests of the Government and its mail service in
Montana.
The Territorial warrants that were regis
tered prior to November 25, 1872, kave been
canceled.
W. G. McGregory and family returned on
the 13th inst. to their homes ia Adobetown
from the East.
Upon tbe ruins of Brandon, about three
miles above Sheridan, on Mill Creek, tbe
foundations of Broad Gauge City have been
laid.
J. T. Allen, of Missouri» has recently pur
chased over one thousand head ef cattle in
this part of the Territory. He will drive
them to the railifad and thence transport
them to the States.
Capt. Ball, of the regular army, passed
through Virginia to-day en route for Fort
Ellis. He has with his command twenty-four
recruits for tbe second rcgimeqt of cavalry,
four companies of which are now stationed
at that post.
We have receive a letter from Hon. S. S.
Burdett, Commissioner of tbe General Land
Office in Washington, of the 5th inst., stating
that the action of tbe Surveyor General of
Montana, in refusing to reappoint Mr. Cor
bett as Deputy Surveyor, will not be interfered
with.
The President has sent the name of B. F.
i Potts to tbe Senate for a second termM Gov
ernor of Montana. His nomination was not
unexpected .
The General Incorporation bill, relating to
tbe çoQRtrùction of railroads in tbe Territo
ries, wiUjiot, we are Informed, pass Congress
this session.
A Radesburoh correspondent "G"—the
which, we guess is good for George—calls
through the Independent for the Democracy
of Jefferson to rally. "G" is not positive or
Mnguine of a Democratic success in that
county, for he says "if the party fails to put
up a good ticket certain and deserved defeat
will meet it at the August election." As the
Democracy of Jefferson, like the Democracy
of Lewis and Clarke, are usually unfortunate
in the selection of "a good ticket"—there be
ing, apparently, a scarcity of the requisite
material—we indulge in high hopes of seeing
our neighboring county wheel squarely into
the Republican ranks at no distant day. The
prospects are undoubtedly encouraging for a
Republican victory, in part or in whole, in
Jefferson at the coming election. Let the
Republicans due their duty, and tbe result
will not be uncertain.
TELEGRAMS
REPORTED SPECIALLY FOR THE HERALD BY
WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
UNITED STATES.
CON G KEHN I ON A I. «»KOCEEDINGM.
Washington, June 11.—SENATE—The
House bill admitting free of duty articles in
tended for exhibition at the Centennial Anni
versary, passed.
Morrill, of Vt., submitted a resolution from
the Finance Committee instructing the Secre
tary of the Treasury to inquire and report as
to the necessity of an Assay (Mice at Port
land, Oregon, and the expediency of pur
chasing a private assay office there, :»nd also,
to inquire into the expediency of abolishing
the present assay office at Boise City, Idaho
Teiritory.
Morton moved that the pending and all
prior orders be laid aside and that the Senate
proceed to the consideration of the report of
the Committee <*f Conference on the Cur
rency bill, which was agreed to. Morton ex
plained the report as removing the monopoly
feature from the national banking system and
making banking free. The theory of the bill
was that by January 1, 1878, a five per cent,
bond will be at par in coin, and that United
States notes being convertable into such bonds
will also be at par, having gradually appreci
ated by a slow rate, not exceeding three and
a half per cent, per annum, and that specie
payments may be resumed without oppression
to tbe debtor class or disarrangement of the
business of tbe country. The hill had been
prepared in a spirit of compromise, having in
view such expansion of the currency as may
be necessary to meet demands of the
country and at the same time to gradually
bring about specie payments.
Shermain said he thought the bill a fair
compromise.
Boutwell asked Sherman and the commit
tee what knowledge they had of the condi
tion of affairs which would exist in 1878
which would justify the step they dared not
take now ?
Sherman replied that they believed the re
sumption of specie payments woujd then be
practicable.
Morrill and Frelinglmyscn did not favor
the report.
Jones believed it easy to return to specie
payments within two years without auv dan
ger to the interests of the country.
Logan spoke in favor of the report and ex
pressed surprise at the opposition manifested
by men who recently advocated the very fea
tures contained iu the bill. It was not satis
factory to him, but he was willing to accept
it to settle the vexed financial question, and
appealed to the Senators to act iu a spirit <>F
concession and compromise.
Boutwell said the eighth section of the hill
transferred the financial powers of this coun
try from Congress to the speculators of Wall
street and Europe, and when the first of Jan
uary next should approach there would be a
demand for the repeal of this section, because
the country would sec that it could not stand
the combined speculators of the world.
Pending further discussion the Senate ad
journed.
HOUSE—Tbe business on the Speaker's
table waa proceeded with. A number of bills
were disposed of, and the rest left on the
Speaker's table, which cannot be passed at
this session except under a suspension of the
rules, motions for which will now be in order
until the close of the session. Among the
bills left over are the Senate Civil Rights bill,
a bill for the incorporation of railroads in
Territories, and the Mackinac Park bill.
Eldridge moved to suspend the rules and
make in order as an amendment to the Civil
Appropriation bill, an item of $75,000 for
the Washington monument. Rejected by 148
to 84, cot two thirds in the affirmative.
Maynard remarked that the Committee on
•tbe Washington Monument haul intended to
have asked a small appropriation for a monu
ment to the mother of Washington at > red
ericksburg, but in view of the vote just taKeu
the Committee would not now submit the
proposition.
The House then went into Committee of
the Whole on the Sundry Civil Appropria
tion bill. It appropriates $23.627,613.
The first paragraph in the bill was an a|>
propriation of $1,645,507 tor public printing
and paper, including the cost of printing de
bates, with a provision that the wages of gov
ernment printers aud bookbinders shall not
be above the average price for similar Aork
in New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore.
On motion of Hawley the last provision

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