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r,' r m MiZ ! 1> v *A\ m h>t U r* *0b 5C Y'olume 8. Helena, Montana, Thursday, August 27, 1874. No. 40 THE WEEKLY HERALD rr »1.1*11 El» EVERT THC1WHAT HORNING. D W. Fisr. A. J. FISK. "KINISOF SUBSCRIPTION 1 FISK BROS,, Publishers TURMS Kni: TliK DAILY IIKHALD. •V v ' '-» •!• :* l l>y THTrirr) j»rr mo'itli ÿ 00 r.v v \iu 1 • • » \ . ft »!>'•»! ;li> -1 \ m«ii,'I - *11: i\ ii Tin: weekly iikkald. ......$*; o*> ...... 4 IN» ....... Î Ml 4« PAST ALL DISHONOR." Ui«»» t!»' fliita^u Tiil»i:in*. A « otuliinaiiou of circumstance* led me to bromic a frequent passenger, in I he summer ot IS—, on a steamboat leaving the wharves New Yoik, whose destination was Boston. A person who 1ms been fortunate enough to make this journey in favorable weather need not be told that tiie trip is delightful, particu larly so if it be made in one ot those "float ing palaces" belonging to the "Fall River Line." On one f»t these occasions, just before the l mat started, a pretty girl, of perhaps seven teen or eighteen, stepped aboard, inquired for the steward, and secured a state-room, saying she was going through to Boston. Her manner was easy and self-possessed ; yet a certain audacious saucincss in her splendid brown eyes, the jaunty way in which she wore lier Turkish hat, her ind(^>endent air, and a nameless suggestion of mischief which appeared to lurk in every movement, arrested the observer's attention, and seemed to indi cate that she was proficient beyond her years in the world's knowledge; that her tutelage, to say the least, had partaken more of leni enee than of prudence. Her dress was rieh and exquisitely becoming, but with no attempt at conspicuous ornament. Her hair was of the same rieh brown color as her eyes, and t» ll down to her waist, resting ns lovely on tier fair young shoulders ns if each separate lmir were endowed with electric light. Front the moment the vessel started she was the target of universal attention. The ladies eyed her very narrowly, and criticised her dre>s and manner with that merciless severity know n only to the gentler sex. The gentlemen east sly glances of admiration front beneath their hats and Itehind their newspapers, and the gravest of them looked more amiable at sight of her bright eyes and < hildisli countenance. As we swept out into the sound she came on deck, where most of the gentlemen and several ladies were congregated, and directed a fusilade of small conversation at the cap ttln. addressing him in a tone of reckless levity, and wiih a familiarity which stalled the ladies and amused the gentlemen, and otherwise conducted herself in a manner which left no doubt as to her social status. In less than ten minutes every lady on board was her avowed enemy, and not at all ufruul to let it be known ; but she chattered on, in her rollicking way, regardless of smiles or frowns, apparently the irredeemable devotee of thoughtlessness and folly. The afternoon drifted slowly by, freighted with u delicious languor, ns the majestic ves sel plunged steadily onward through the waste of waters. The passengers lounged listlessly from deck to cabin, reading, drow sing. or musing, as their various tempera ments inclined them; but all yielding, to some extent, to the dreamy contentment w hich seemed to pervade the atmosphere. We were all on deck, shortly after tea, ad miring the sunset, which flooded the sea and sky with a transforming splendor. It was a gay company ; not a sad face could be found amongst us all. The too intense heat of the day had subsided, and a soft breeze had sprung up ; to breathe the air was, in itself, an inspiration. ( Mir irrepressible and too-confiding young lady passenger was there, and her childish laugh rang out above the rest. She had se lected the good-natured captain and one or two of his officers as the especial objects of her flippant, though by no means vicions, raillery ; and they permitted it, partly from an acquired habit of alTability toward all pas sengers and partly because* they were amused by her irresistible vivacity. * The lad} passengers, of course, shunned and kept aloof from her as from a noxious imison, as if her very contact would breed pestilence. The gentlemen did likewise, to a great extent ; more, I believe, from a tender regard for feminine opinion than from any considerable instinct of horror. Suddenly the smile died on her lips, and her face became inexpressibly sad and earn est, as she gazed far out across the water. Her attitude and expression, as she stood thus formed a picture which will never fade in my memory ; she looked so innocent, so ( hildisli. and so intensely sorrowful. In a moment she firm'd to the captain, with something of lier old manner. Reach ing up her delicate white bands, she took hold of his abundant whiskers ou each side of his face, as a reader has seen a petted daughter caress her father, and looking up into his face, asked, with great solemnity : " Did you ever want 10 die, Captain ?" "Well, no, my child," he replied, some* what surprised at her changed manner, " I can't say that I ever had any great desire to cM* " A«1 :f j u Lao »och a desire, whai would voude?" 'h : m 'hai ca*e.' replied be a» he footed tf. band« and turned away, '1 think, as it would be the most available method, I should jump overboard and drown myself." Scarcely had he finished speaking when she whirled, put one hand on the railing, and leaped into the Sound. The whole movement was to instantaneous that it was impossible for any one to anticipate or prevent it. A cry of horror went up from those who saw the movement. .Some stood transfixed and unable to inovj, while others hurried about in confused excitement. The captain and his crew worked like the noble men they were, and had the boat-- lowered and manned almoM instantly. A moment after her disappearance she came to the surface. There was nothing scared in her expression, and she made no struggle to save herself. I saw her face dis tinctly as she came up, and fancied 1 could detect in ii the same sorrowful look it had worn a few moments before: though even that expression could not wholly deprive it of a certain jaunty grace which became it well. It was only a momentary glimpse which we had of her, for she disappeared just as the first boat touched the water, and we never saw her afterward, though every possible ef fort w as made to find her. I think I never saw sadder men than those rough sailors, when they pulled the heavy yawl alongside and replied, to a hundred simultaneous interrogatories : "We found no trace of berat ali." And later, when, ou looking through her stateroom, they found a little satchel, and in it, among other trifles, a crumbled bit of note paper with verses written on it in a small, cramped hand, the pure, sweet tears of hu man sympathy, as they read, fell on the pajier like a henison. I preserved a copy of the verses, and will reproduce them here. I am unable to say whether they were original or not. If a quota tion, I have never been so fortunate as to read them in any published book: a magdalen's death. I can no longer endure thia polluting, Thi« festering breath ; fondly I fly to the refuge that's left me — Merciful death. Not sadlv, tearfully, But gladlv, cheerfully. (»0 to my death. Priests mu) refuse to grant sanctified burial ' Here unto me: Father. 1 thank Thee! a blessing is a!wavs held Over the sea. Aye, in its wildest foam. Aye, in its thit ^est gloom. Blest is the sea. Welcome, r», nea Î with thy breaking* ami dash iugs, That never shall cease. Down in thy angriest, stormiest waters, 'Oh ! hide me in peace. Say to the weary tace. "Come to thy resting place. Slumber i'11 peace." This was all. No clue to tell if there were any on earth to whom she had been dear. No last word for those who might, perhaps, wail patiently to learn her fate, but wait iu vain, - until panful apprehension subsided into calm despair. No explanation of the motives of that rashness which thus had set its daring foot upon the laws of nature, which are the laws of God. We know the deep sea holds many, secrets such as these, which never will be fathomed till the end of time ; and, knowing this, is it theipart of manhood or womanhood to sit in judgment on that which the Creator has fold ed in mystery ? For what power, save the far-reaching prescience of the Almighty God, can lay bare the complex motives of the hu man heart? Is it more than justice to demand that judgment be suspended uutil the sea gives uo its dead, and the dead give up their secrets ? I have no sympathy with that apotheosis of vice which would, in any case, exalt the wan ton into a heroine ; but, in all sincerity, is it not time that she received more of charity and less of censure, more of pity and less of scorn, from those who can afford to be mag nanimous ? For what, among earth's mean est creatures, receives less of charity and more of censure than she ? And, surely, nothing in heaven or earth stands more in need of pity, or receives less of it. Theo. Carpenter. A Slater'» L«re. There is something inexpressibly touching in a sister's love. Her heart is a realm of pure and earthly affection, and happy should that brother be to whom she clings through the changing scenes of the blighting world. She has been his companion in childhood, she watched the development of his mind and person. She has admonished him when wrong and smiled upon his triumphs, she has peopled his mind with the treasures of her own, she has taught him those virtues which will render him a useful member of society, prepare him for death and embalm his mem ory when he has passed away. Sooner you can bind the ft-ee wind than seal up the springs * sich mysterious affections. They will flow on, and the desert and cave cannot forget their progress. And when sorrow and misfortune strip from life its charms and dreams there is one recollection that will come like music to a brother's heart—that will thrill upon its darkened and troubled depths with a strange yet sweet melody, and bring up scenes of home and childhood long unremembered. It is the recollection of a sister's love. There are, in in a standard legal barrel, only 100 quarts; while the ordinary flour bar rel most in use among farmers in the sale of potatoes and apples contains nearly one eighth more. Fanners sell their produce in floor barrels, and merchants transfer the same to standard barrels, m a king a profit on quantity as wall as on the price. Ia the sale of 90$ barrels ef plant from alarm, tbe tom m brnrsls, w«i* «ML OI*K territories. Their Immen»? Extent a» Compared With the t nitcd States Proper* Mr. M. O'Healy, Cheyenne, Wyoming Ter ritory, writes as follows : "lu taking a superficial aud hasty glance at the map of the United States, as delineated and portrayed in our common maps, the great bulk of the United States seems to be comprehended between Maine and 31issouri, while the vast extent of country between tlfe latter State and California is shown only as a few Territories. This is likely to lead the negligent or indolent inquirer into a grave error. The fuel is that the ten Territories between Nebraska and the Pacific contain as great a number of square miles as the bal ance of the Unitid States together. If we include Alaska, ihe eleven Territories will exceed the United States proper of 69,280 square miles. 1 find that Arizona contains 180,000 square miles, which is equal in area to the States of New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois and Indiana, four of our largest West ern and Middle States. Montana contain 173, 000 square miles—equal in extent to the States of Kentucky, Iowa, Kansas, Connecticut and Delaware. Thus, by comparison, Arizona and Montana together are as large as the six New England States—New Y'ork, New Jer sey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Florida and Alabama. Colorado contains 100,000 square miles, equal to Louisiana, Maine Massachu setts, New Hampshire and New Jersey. New Mexico contains 124,000 square miles, equal in extent to North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina aud Vermont. Idaho contains 95, 000 square miles, equal to Tennessee. Wiscon sin, Delaware and Rhode Island. Utah con tains 108,600 square miles, equal to the States of Michigan, Mississippi, Delaware and Con necticut. Dakota contains 221,000 square miles, aud would make 4£ such States as New York, and 169 j States, each as large as Rhode Island. Nevada embraces 112,000 square miles, and is equal to West Yirginiu and Iowa. Washington Territory contains 71,300 square miles, beiug as large as Maryland, Georgia, Delaware and the District of Columbia. Wy oming coutaius 110,000 square miles, though erroneously set down iu our statute books as 97,600, and is as huge in extent as Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont, Dele ware, Maryland, Connecticut aud West Virginia. Thus we «mt that the eleven Territories (Alaska in cluded) iontum 1,659,300 square miles, being 69,280 square miles larger tban the United States proper, and by comparison with the countries in buropr are a s large in extent of territory as Austria, IHgiui*., Baden France and Corsica ; England, Ireland ami Greece; Holland, Italy and Prussia; Portu ga), Sweden and Norway; Switzerland, Sax ony and Wortemburg; Spain, Luxemburg and Turkey—in short, larger than all the countries of Europe, deducting Russia. The Territories mentioned would make 52 kiug (loins as large as Great Brittain, and 14 em pires ns large as France, before the war with Prussia. This, perhaps, is not mathematic ally accurate, to fractions, but in round num bers a sufficiently close approximation is made for all practical purposes aud informa tion." In a subsequent letter Mr. O'Healy -says : "I have since been making other compari sons, which will be found nearly approxi mately correct. Brazil and the United States are nearly of the same size in square miles. Spain and Montana are very nearly the same size. The Pontifical States, or States of the Church, and Connecticut are of the same size. Maryland and Rhode Island are as large as Belgium. Austria is as large as Texas and Delaware. Texas is as large as France, Den mark and Switzerland. California and Ja pan contain the same number of square miles. Minnesota and the West India Islands con tain the same number of square miles. Para guay and Kansas are toe same size. Portugal and Kentucky are the Arne size. New York and Honduras are the Arne size. The small est Principality in Europe is Monaco, con taining only six square miles. The smallest Republic in the world is San Marino, only containing twenty-four square miles." Velocity of Ll|hl* Olaf Roemer, an eminent Danish astrono mer, while observing the eclipse of Jupiter's satellites, in 1676, found that light occupied about sixteen minutes and twenty-six seconds in passing through the diameter of the earth's orbit, ana assuming the distance of the earth from the sun to be nearly 95,000,000 miles, he determined the velocity of light to be 192, 500 miles in a second. In 1723 Bradley, an English astronomer, discovered the obberation of light, and deter mined its velocity to be 192,515 miles per second. In 1849 M. Fizeau invented an apparatus for measuring the velocity of light between terrestrial stations, and determined it to be 194,677 miles a second. M. Faucault, with substantially the same apparatus, determined the velocity to be 185, 177 miles per second. Quite recently M. Fizeau has published the particulars of along series of experiments made between stations about six miles apart, using the rays from an oxyhydrogen light; and be gives as the mean of 650 good obser vations, a velocity of 185,363 miles per sec ond. The result obtained by Roemer is usu ally given in text books, and in fact is com monly quoted as the correct velocity of light. But the close agreement of the more recent researches of ft. Foucault and M. Fizeau, and the elegant methods used by these philo sophers in their recent researches, render it nearly certain that the velocity of light in the air is between 185,177 and 185,363 miles per second. ** * rest tmbmmam Jp one per cent, in the tost Gov* Palmei's Veto of the Lord's Prayer* When Palmer was Governor of Illinois he made extensive use of the veto power, and having vetoed one of the pet projects of the Quincy Whig, that paper "went for him" in the following sarcastic strain : Gov. P. finds the "Lord's Prayer" in a file of bills awaiting hi* approval, and cogitating profoundly upon abstract constitutional points writes out the followiug message : To lion. Wm. Smith, Speaker of the llrntxe of litpre*entative* : I am unable to approve tbe bill for an "act to obtain daily Hipplies and to avoid the paths of temptation," which has originated, as I am informed, iu the House over which you preside. My objections to this bill are found ed upon constitutional grounds, and are as follows : 1st. r l he presentation of the different sub jects matter iu the title of the bill are a di rect violation of constitutional enactment, and upon examination of the bill itself it will be found that solicitation is made not only for a supply of daily bread, aud for an avoid ance of the paths of temptation, but for the liquidation of debts without due considera tion—a gross and palpable infringement upon vested rights aud lawful, obligations which are the very basis of free government. There can be no outhority for "the for giveness of debts in such nianuer as the debtor may relinquish his own claims upon others," aud the feature of the bill affords grounds of suspicion that some mischievous and dungerous intention is in view. The tiiird line of the first section provides that a certain "will" or authority be extended over tbe State of Illinois, as a portion of that planet upon which we reside in the same manner and to the same extent as the said authority exists in another and an unknown sphere. This provision is not only special legisla tion in its worst form, but actually fixes upon us the domination of uncertain and proba ble unconstitutional laws, and is a further proof, to my mind, lliat the objects contem plated in the bill are simply the furtherance of private and selfish interests. I have had occasion heretofore to maintain the rights and dignities of the State of Illi nois, when threatened by Federal usurpation and I take this occasion to affirm the position set forth in a prior message to the general Assembly. Iu the case now under considera tion the proposition to subject the State of Illinois to a centralized power possessing a presumed despotic sway, and which would completely obliterate that inherent soveregnty claimed to be inalienable under our form of government, is a measure fraught with ut most danger to our liberties. There are further objections which might DC (UliMstLiitljr urgoii *gaint tL* mtasurpÿ herewith returned. The phraseology is not familiar or in proper form, while the legal effect of some portions of the bill not com mented upon a'.,ove would, in my opinion, be subversive of private as well as public in terests. I may say, in conclusion, that if the bill bad been so amended as to apply only to cities of 100,000 inhabitants and over, and an emergency clause attached, I would have had no hesitation in approving it. How They Finally Got married* From the Providence Journal. One long summer afternoon there qame to Mr. Davidson's the most curious specimen or an old bachelor the world ever heard of. Ue was old, gray, wrinkled and odd. He hated old women, especially old maids, and wasn't afraid to say so. He and Aunt Patty had it hot whenever chance threw them together; yet still he came, and it was noticed that Aunt Patty took unusual pains with her dress when ever he was expected. One day the contest waged unusually strong and Aunt Patty left in disgust and went out into the garden. "That bear!" she muttered to herself,as she stopped to gather a flower which attracted her attention. "What did you run for?" said a gruff voice behind her. "To get rid of you." "You didn't do it, did you?" "No; you are worse than a burdock burr. "You won't get rid of me, either." "I won't, eh?" "Only in one way." "And that?" "Marry me." "What! Us two fools get married! What would people say?" "That's nothing to us. Come, say yes or no; I'm in a hurry." "Well, no, then." "Very well; good-by. I shan't come again."' "Stop a bit—what a pucker you're in." "Yes or no." "1 must consult-" "All right; I thought you were ©f age. Good-by." "Jabez Andrews, don't be a fool. Come back, I say. Why, I believe the critter has taken me for earnest. Jabez Andrews, I'll consider." "I don't want any considering; I'm going. Becky Hastings is waiting for me. I thought I'd give you the first chance, Patty. All right; good-by." 'Jal>cz! Jabez! That stuck up Beck Has tings shan't have him! Jabez, yes! Do yon hear—Y'-e-s!" Russia produces most of the platinum which finds its way into the market. The production is small, however, that of Russia in 1871 being only 4,100 pounds. The metal sells in England for about $75 per pound. It is an almost indestructible metal, and is there fore very useful in the construction of vari ous sUadaaL of measurement, and instro neate for scientific purposes requiring great iMhe parts. Temperance in Sweden. In Sweden a peculiar plan has been adopt ed by the friends of temperance lor prevent ing the evils resulting from an excessive use of intoxicating liquors. The authorities of Gottenburg in 1865 began a movement which afterward extended throughout the kingdom, and is said to have been attended with the most beneficial results. It was based on two ideas; first, that 110 single individual ought to be permitted to derive any gain from the sale of spirits ; and second, that spirits ought not to he drank without the accompanying consumption of solid food. The method adopted to carry out these views is this : An incorporated company in each town, consist ing of the most respected members of the community, takes the entire retail liquor traf fic under its supervision, selling at cost after deducting a margin for leakage and break age. The persons put in charge of the places where liquor is sold are paid salaries by the company. The expenses paid, including the current rate of interest for the capital invest ed, all profits are paid into the town treasury. Of course where liquor is sold at cost no pro fits can accrue from that trade; but each public house is allowed to sell at a profit food, tobacco aud uniutoxicating drinks, and what is an important part of the plan, every place where liquor is sold is bound to supply whole some cooked food at all times during business hours. The result of this system has been a great decrease in drunkenness. It may scent singular that making drinks cheap should lead to temperance, but the secret of the busi ness is very simple. In the first place habit ual drinkers of small means being able to satisfy their cravings for liquor very cheaply, are, therefore, enabled to buy nourishing food without depriving themselves of alco holic stimulants, which to them is the first necessity, the food being always ready at hand. And in the second place, as the traffic is not conducted for gain there is no tempta tion to sell impure, poisonous liquors, which excite a desire for excessive indulgence, and at the same time ruin the digestive organs and destroy the appetite for nafural food. The Bath* Like eating, drinking and sleeping, bathing is a very old custom. Homer sings of the bath as a venerable institution of his early day. Anciently it was the first refreshment offered to a guest. . Nowadays we proffer a warm meek a cup of cold water, or some "hot stuff." The public baths ©f Greece and Rome were many and magnificent. They were as common in the days of Antonius, Diocletian, and some other emperors, as li quor shops are in American cities. The baths in those days, unlike our shops, were used in cleansing the outride of a person, and they were as pleasant as they were common, because they were popular. Pliny states that the Roman baths were indefinite in number, and like our liquor shops, "mightily fre quented." Bathing then, in many instances, like drinking now, was practiced to excess. Rich roman women bathed in the milk of she-asses, in order to enhance their beauty, but people in health have usually preferred water for bathing purposes, and the purer the better. In Christian nations, resort to it once a day, even in the warmest weather, generally suffices. Some, however, content themselves with a weekly or semi-monthly ablution : a very few think that water will poison anything but the face and extremities, and here and there one will shun it altogether like a mad dog. But most people consider cleanliness next to godliness. Indeed, in warm countries, some religions make clean liness a part of their creed. The laws of the Jews and the Mahommedans require the es tablishment of baths and other purifying agents. Pagans bathe in the Ganges and other Asiatic streams as a religious rite, and it would not hurt some people to do it in American streams. The Telegraph Around the World. With the exception of direct lines from the western coast of America to Asia, the girdle which good-humored Puck was to put about the earth seems to have been completed —the forty minutes the little sprite claimed to accomplish his work has been quite veri fied by the events and the labor of the pre sent day. The wires of the telegraph are annihilating distance, aiding the laws, and bringing the nations of tbe earth into a companionship which compels a better understanding. We can read in the morning papers the Austra lian news of yesterday, coming by way of London, leaving there at 3 a. m. of to-day ; the triumph ot science and the testimony of success to energy and perseverance is com plete. North, East, South and West -all are within a few hours' reach with the touch of instruments, and the steady tapping of the telegraphic signals breathes the wishes of the world and the news of national or financial import with unerring promptness. The slen der girdle which the wires spread makes all mankind close neighbors, and the bond of union which civilization is each day riveting should make us truer friends and nobler to ward each other. Wei Boot». Th ^Agriculturist giyes the following advice fanners who, next to fishermen, are apt to get their boots wet through : When the boots are taken off, fill them quite full with dry oats. This grain has a great fondness for damp, and will rapidly ab sorb tbe last vestige of it from the wet lea ther. As it takes up the moisture it swells and fills the boot with a tightly fitting last, keeping its form good, and drying the leather without hardening it. In the morning shake ont the oats and hang them in a bag near the lire to dry, ready for the next wet night, draw on the boots, and go happily about the day's work. _ Junes Kelly, editor of tbe Boise StaU* *w«j is spoken of as likely to receive the Re pabucan nomination as a candidate for Dele gate from Idaho Territory.