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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FI8K, • - • • Editor. TNi rkday, x»:m:nHi;it to« ist 4 « tiis; forked Y ddtm tko. The dispatches published to-day show tlic desperate straits to which Virginia t'ity is put in efforts to retain possession of the Capital. Iu the face of a majority of 457 in favor of the Capital Law. a delilwrate forgery is done to defeat the will of the peo ple, and privent the removal ot the Scat of tîoverninent. Erobably no more than two «»r three men, or a half dozen at most, were directly engaged iu this villainous crime, hut when journals like the Monta nia n and Modi *oiu\ih boast of the dastardly achievement won by such means, it becomes a tuilter in volving the responsibility of an entire eoiu munity in the act. Let the citizens of Vir ginia City speak out, denounce the fraud, and fitly designate the criminals who have figured in it, as well as the journals who aid and abet it. In this way only can they hope to relieve themselves of a stigma.* which otherwise will cling to them evermore. THK IHAI D KVPOIEB. Mr. T. K. Collins, Clerk and Recorder of Meagher county, arrived in Virginia city this morning, ami telegraphs hack that the Meagh er county return is a forgery. The following dispatch from Col. Zanders is to the same «fleet: Vun.ixiA Cm. Sept. 7. 1874. Coi Uns denounces the returns, including signatures and seals, a forgery, and they give evidence of the fact. W. F. SANDERS. Virginia City. M. T., Sept. 7. /o hi. (t. .1 fc/Ciernan.' The abstract of votes on the Capital Law, w riting, figures and seals are all a forgery. T. E. COLLINS. ns. «orvrv eapitae vote. Diamond C'itn. Sep** 6, 1874. To »(«»• K«li(or ot the lterahl. Find below the vote, by prciiucts. of Meagher county on the Capital Law, taken from the official records of the Clerk's office. No trick or fraud can cheat us of our suf frages, or deprive us of <*ur verdict honestly rendered at the jadis : , , Diwini»ru\ rim IN< T«. Approved. ^ Dianoixt....... New York....... Cave.............. Whites»........... Contederate______ Hound »«ro\e____ Ihvp Cn*»'k...... Kelt............ Thomp-oji. .... ToT.U....... Yours, :rniy._ \>OIM H ••»1104% DOW !% ** OS' I'SCt: WA DISOMA. The Hki:ai I», following the election, pub ii.Micd in tabula form the complete official vote of each of the several counties ot the Territory. How entirely accurate each aud every return, ns set out in our columns, was, has since beim shown bv the official canvass »»fell the returns by the tient rai Hoard at Virginia Ci'y on the 2d in.-t. <h:r tables were proved to be absolutely correct. The vote of each county on the Capital Law tallied to a figure, save a> the attempt to palm off as genuine the fraudulent transposition of the Meagher county vote to subserve the evil purposes of Virginia City. And now in this connection comes the Madijtonian with this ool and diabolica: piece of effrontery: 4 *We have frequently called the attention of the people of Montana to the manner of the Helena Herald in publishing statements of a false nature. The Herald transcends any newspaper on the North American Con tinent for barefaced and unscrupulous lying. In the daily issue of that disreputable and ir responsible sheet of September 1st appears a carefully-concocted lying tabular statement of the vote of Montana on the Capital Law, in which the Herald has the brazen effront ery to claim 5o7 majority for approval of that obnoxious measure. 1 h i is an unwarranted lie, manufactured for tK* purpose of deceiv ing the public. The certified vote on file in the office of the Secretary of Montana de feats the law by a majority of one hundred aud fifty-two. * The entire vote of Gallatin county was thrown out—if it had been count ed the majority against the law would have l*ecn 607. Perwaab —.1. L. Young, of Lincoln, dropped in yesterday, to iutorm us that he was bound for Pennsylvania to spend the winter, and that lie wished the address of his weekly Herald changed accordingly. A pleasant trip and a safe return. Mr. Y oung. Fii k amended bankruptcy law does not, iu express terms, require that the auewer in in voluntary bankruptcy cases shall be sworn to, and on August 20th the question was present ed to Judge Blachford wnether unsworn an swers were valid, which question he promply decided in the negative. It is stated that Governor Woods has re fused to issue Cannon a certificate that at the late election he was duly and legally chosen delegate to Congress from Utah. The election in Wyoming resulted in. the return of Steel, Democrat,, to Congress by. about 6fi0 majority. The Democratic ticket, is generally sncccssful throughout the Terri tory. ^^ H. P. Broom w ell has been nominated as a candidate for delegate to Congress by the Republicans of Colorado Territory. : 11 2 % •>S 2 «17 4.'» H5 t IW 4L W * 29 .1. Y. PHILLIPS. ( A%VANS or THK CAPITA!. KANT VOTE I.UPKOUAHLt:. Wc have no advices from Virginia City later than Monday evening, at which time Messrs. Smith and Star left there, arriving home by last night's coach. We interviewed Col. Smith to-day. who freely communicated what intelligence he had to impart. Record er Collins had no difficulty in detecting the fraudulent character of the Meagher county return, aud promptly pronounced it a forgery throughout. The Governor expressed him self satisfied of the fraud, and willing to adopt any proper course in the case so far as he had authority to advise or act. A hearing was promised the Helena delegation at nine o'clock Tuesday morning, and the Canvass ing Board was to meet at that time for the purpose named. Col. limith is of opinion that the Secretary will demur to any canvass of the vote other than has already been had, and will state hsa objections in writing. In that event, recourse will be had to the courts, and the determination of the case delayed for some months. Not a soul doubts the ultimate result. Wc had hoped that bare justice could be obtained without obliging the people to seek the interference of the law. We can wait, if we mnst, assured that justice will be awarded us at last. As an evidence that the crime committed in the forgery of the Meagher county vote is not approved by everybody at Virginia City, Col. Smith informs us that a number of the l>est citizens of the town denounced the fraud and declared they did not and would not take the Capital at any such price. There are honest people in Virginia, but whether there are enough of them sufficiently courageous to come out and openly attempt the wiping away of the dark stigma attaching to the town, wc have our doubts. A few wicked and unscrupulous men committed the elec tion fraud in 1869, by which Virginia City, at the expense of honesty and in defiance of law, retained the Capital. Now another and more paisible aud barefaced fraud is insti tuted for a like purpose. It will not succeed, and if Virginia City people have any regard for a good name they will place themselves on record against this wrong before it is too late. _, ft AIK WEEK. The Territorial Fair opens on Monday next, the 14th, and continues during the week. The exhibition promises to lie larger, more diversified, and of greater interest than any oue of the several that have preceded it. Farmers, stockgrowers, miners, artizans, and the ladies with their thousand and one arti c lea of handicraft, will l*e present and con tribute to the completeness of the several departments. The large number of horses now on the grouud and daily training, ati«**t the lively interest taken in the racing features of the Fuir, and show that in this as in other respects the Fifth Anuuul Exhibition of the M. A. M. and M. Association will exceed in interest any yet held. If the reports reaching us are true, the attendance from various parts of the Territory will be larger than heretofore. Let everybody come and make it a holiday week. Ample and comfortable accommodations have been provided by the hotels for one and all. Many will come by [he coaches, arrangements having been made lor all such to ride at largely reduced rates, lire a ter numbers will come by private con veyance, in order to have their own turnouts liero during the week, and not compel them to depend upon livery hire, at such times not tlways adequate to supply the wants of the public. A welcoming invitation is extended to the people to make the Territorial Fair the occa sion of their annual holiday. A Train and m ('•Inred Rail Agent »hot. Chicago, September 1.—A Washington special says authentic information was re ceived by the Post Office Department to-day, to the effect that on last Friday a train on the Albemarle and Chattanooga Railroad was stopped by means of a false signal near York station, Alabama; that immediately upon its halting it was boarded and taken possession of by a band of armed men, who shot down the colored mail agent without provocation, and in cold blood. Congressman Hayes, of Alabama, who arrived here to-day, confirms this story, aud adds much more of the same sort. A Ckarcfe lani lat« aae Fear Pensai Killen. Chicago, September 1.— Official dispatches were received here to-daj' stating that yester day a body of armed white men surrounded a colored church in Lee county, Alabama, while the services were in progress, and with out the slightest provocation, fired into the congregation, killing four persons outright. In addition to this, the Alabamians have stories to tell »if the intimidation of both white and colored Republican speakers, the whites lieing visited at their homes by armed men and warned not lo speak, and colored orators being driven from the platform, in full view of their audiences, by the same means. PaliicPektsUileaeRL Washington, September 1.— The public ebt statement shows a reduction of the debt curing August of $1,096,790; coin in the reasury, $71,088,928; including coin certifi ites, $29,141,200; currency balance, $16, I9,232;*ipecie deposit ami legal tenders for demption *of certificates of deposit, $58, >0,000; legal tenders outstanding, $802,000, ». The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a ill for fifteen million five-twenty bonds, for te redemption of the interest on the bonds •tnrinir December 1st. A XLU METHOD FOR i:\TMACTIX« COPPER. On the 14lh of March, 1873, the Austrian Imperial Secretary of Commerce and the Hungarian Board of Agriculture and Indus try issued a patent to the metallurgist, Chas. Adler, and the exclusive privilege on a newly invented method of copper extraction. The following will give an approximate idea of the cheapness, quickness and extraordinary financial advantage of this method. After numerous tests Mr. Adler succeeded in discovering two ways to work the differ ent copper ores: I. Carbonates, such as malachite, and oxydes, such as black copper, aud ores of a poorer class whose gangue is of a siheions nature. He works these ores most profitably by the application of the law of chemical af finity, or by the so-called wet process. II. Richer ores, with whatever gangue, he works by a process of reduction whereby the result is obtained within eight hours. Sul phurets have to be roasted before subjected to treatment. By the first method the inventor has already produced eighteen tons of copper cement, —this being the result of a trial on a large scale—which was melted into bars and pur chased by the Government smelting works at Talanta, in Transylvania. The second, or reduction process was tried only on a small scale. Charles Adler has consulted many theoreti cal and practical authorities in metallurgy; delivered lectures before selected profession al audiences, and is assured by them that a new era will be inaugurated in the industry of copper by his discoveries. Mr. A. intends to form a slock company, for the purpose of establishing large works in Hungary or Transylvania, where copper mines have been worked for hundreds of years, and where enormous quantities of ore heaped up on'the dumps which are too poor or unfit to work by the common smelting pro cess. He proposes to purchase these old mines and dumps at low prices, and work the ores by his new process. He figures that a sum of if(50,000 is sufficient to commence op erations on a large scale, and out of this in vestment a profit of at least one hundred per cent, arises. Mr. Adler expects to work cop ier ores as low as 3 per cent. The cost of putting up the apparatus to work copper ores by this method will only be one-third part of the expense of erecting ordinary smelting works of the same capacity, and while the construction of ordinary smelt ing and refiuing works would require a year or more, an establishment of the new kind would lie completed iu fourteen days. The production of fine copper by the common smelting and refining process requires at least 6 months, while by the new way of extraction the result is obtained in twenty-four hours. The copper produced by smelting is sold at about $360 per ton, while the amount of $870 was paid to Mr. Adler for the metal obtained by his new invention, owing to its superior quality, being chemically pure. The expen ses of the working will scarcely amount to one-tenth of the expenses by the ordinary smelting and refining process. From a letter written by Mr. Theodore Hol lander, from Hungary, to his brother, we learn that he has succeeded, iu company with A. Molitor, formerly assayer in San Francis co, in securing the privilege for patenting and disposing of the Adler copper extracting process, in the United States. One of the conditions of their contract is that the inventor shall make an experiment on a larger scale, treating a quantity of sev eral tons of ore by his method iu the presence of Messrs. Molitor and Hollander, in order to give them a full insight into the mod»« oper andi, and at the same time practically to prove the validity of his invention. The ex penses of this trial are to be defrayed by the purchasers of the privilege. As soon as this shall be successfully concluded, Messrs. Hollander and Molitor will take proper steps to introduce this invention—which may be of incalculable vaine —and create a new epoch in the metallurgy of copper in our country. The greatest advantage of the new process is that such ores can be easily and profitably worked as are now thrown on the waste damp on account of their poverty and intrac tability. In silver and gold-bearing ores there will be no loss of the precious metals, by his treat ment for copper; on the contrary, their ex traction would be facilitated thereby. Mr. S. Molitor, of this city is correspond ing with bis brother, A. Molitor, about this new invention, and as soon as he receives an unswerhe will commence operations. He has requested the exclusive right for the Ter ritories of Montana and Utah for himself. He expects a favorable reply in about one month. A PRUCLATIOX. In the .Name and oy the Authority off the Territory of Montaaa« Whereas, It appears by the record of the action of the Territorial Board of Canvassers, that at a general election held in the Territory of Montana, on Monday, August 3, A. D. 1874, in pursuance of law, Marlin Maginnis received the highest number of votes cast for delegate to the Fourty-fourth Congress of the United States from said Territory. Now, therefore , I, Benjamin F. Potts, Governor of the Territory of Montana, by vir tue of the authority, vested in me by law, do hereby declare that Martin Maginnis was, on Monday, August 3d, A. D. 1874, duly elected Delegate to the Forty-fourth Congress of the United States from Montana Territory, for the period of two years from March 4th, A. D. 1875. In testimony whereof, I have hereby set my hand and caused the great Seal of [l. s.] the Territory to be affixed: Done at Virginia city, the Capital, this, the sec ond day of September, A. D. -1874.____ A F. POTTS, Governor. By the Governor: Jar. E. Callaway, Secretary. The Crow Agency From the Avant Courier, September 4. The Crow Agency was at one time consid ered by the settlers of the Gallatin Valley as affording a cash market for much of their produce, particularly for flour aud beef, but of late years the demand for these articles has diminished to such an extent that our people hardly recognize that such articles arc really required in that locality. They know that the number of Indians has not been reduced and t hut the appropriations for such purposes by the government have been increased, but notwithstanding these tangible evidences of increased demands upon our farmers and stock raisers, the fact is demonstrated that the Agency has become an insiguiticaut pa tron under its present administration. There is evidently a screw loose somewhere, and it becomes our duty as the representative of the .interests of these people to inquire into the matter, and attach the blame where it should rest. We have received several communications, designed for publication, in regard to the management of affairs at the Agency, but de clined doing so on account of the general im pression that the present agent bad tendered his resignation ; but, as it appears he has not done and has no intention of so doing, we shall be no longer restrained from giving our views, and the knowledge of others who have been placed in a position to knotc the fact9, regarding the management of the Crow Agency, in which the people of this county have more than a casual interest. If the appropriations for supplies for the Agency were properly used, and the supplies drawn from this valley, as it is reasonable to suppose they should l>e, being available and cheaper than the same can be obtained else where, an amount of money would be annu ally distributed among our people, in connec tion with their other resources, to make "hard times'' unknown among them, and that would keep flour and beef up to remu nerative prices. List year there was an appropriation of $130,000 to supply the Crow Agency with beef and flour. Can the people of Gallatin tell us how much of this $130,000 they re ceived for the articles mentioned? And if they did not get it, alto did? That is the sig ticant question. One hundred and thirty thousand dollars would accomplish wonders in this county. It would pay all our private debts and come back to us in the way of trade. This year there is an appropriation of $100,000 for the same purpose—to supply the Crow Indians with beef and flour for the cur rent year. We will divide the two articles into equal parts and consider the result. The contract for beef was awarded at $1 96 and flour at $4 ÖO per 100 pounds, which figures up: 2,â51,02» lits Wl at fl 9tf ............149.999.99 11.111 pack- flour, ICK» It» each, at $4 Ä0 ...... 49,999 00 Total........................................199.990 9e To supply the above contracts, which is contemplated by the government, and for which an appropriation is already made, it will require 2,501 bullocks, averaging 1,000 pounds each, and 11,111 sacks of flour. If thenc ttapplitn are furnished, and justice to the Government, the Crow Indians and to the producers of Gallatin county de man d that thei/tthall be, in connection with the demands of Fort Ellis and our local trade, the farmers of this valley will have a home market for their surplus Hour and beef, and realize there from ready means sufficient for all their wants. Our farmers are therefore vitally interested in seeing that the*c contractu tire Ji/Ud to the u tti r, and there is no doubt but the officers of the District Grange will take the matter under their personal supervision, as it is plainly a duty they owe to themselves and tb«ir organization to do so. Giving place to the above article, we have few remarks of our own to add. We dif fer from several of the observations aud con clusions set forth by our Bozeman neighbor. We had been led to believe that I)r. Wright's management of affairs at the ( 'row Agency was eminently satisfactory to the Govern ment, the Indians, and the people. We had thought that if there was a conscientious, honest man in charge of any Indian Agency in Montana, it must be I)r. Wright. Mouths ago, if we are not mistaken, he tendered his resignation, desiring to relinquish charge of the Agency. Government, it seems, has been so well satisfied with his administration as not to be in any hurry to relieve him. We are not concerned, however, in the matter whether he goes or remains, assuming in cither event care will be taken in the efficient conduct of Indian affairs in Eastern Montana. Our cotemporary errs in stating the amount appropriated for beef and flour for the Crow Agency for the present fiscal year at $100, 000. Consulting the Indian Appropriation bill, wc find that the amount specified covers many other supplies, such as sugar, coffee, salt, salar&tus, soap, vegetables, etc. In this and many other respects the Courier article is calculated to mislead the public, and espe cially the people of Gallatin. While we have not been personally on the ground, we have recently taken some pains to inquire into the matter of agency supplies, not only as affect ing Indian affairs in Eastern Montana, but elsewhere in the Territory. Speaking par ticularly of matters in this connection affect ing the Eastern border, the conclusion arrived at is favorable to the management as we find it there. Information which we deem en tirely creditable goes to show that the demand for Crow Agency supplies has contributed materially to stiffen the home market for Gallatin produce—especially in the item of flour—XX brands commanding the same price as XXX. We have like evidence touch ing the beef supply —the Crow demand serv ing the present year to exhaust all the beef on the Yellowstone, and at least one-half of the fat bullocks of Gallatin. We do not stop to ask, nor do we care to know who the con tractors are, so long as they comply with the requirements and fill the measure of their bond. The Herald is interested to see jus tice done not only to tbc Indians, but to the Governmënt and the people, and while we shall accredit every one with what we esteem his due, we shall not hesitate to denounce Justus promptly-any one-detected in evil or THE CAPITAL LAW FRAUD. Popular Demonstration at the t'ourt House Saturday Night. Speeches by Chadwirk, »anders. Wool folk, Page and Smith. Resolutions Expressive of the Sense of the People. Earnest Demand for the Detection und Punishment of the Perpetrators of the Crime. Appointment of a Committee of Thirty one. The intense indignation pervading this and other communities of the Territory consequent upon the result of theCapital Law fraud culmin ated in »citizens' meeting at the Court House, Saturday evening last. The bare announcement set forth in the Herald and Independent of that day of the proposed meeting and its ob jects, brought out such aconcourse of substan tial people as never before assembled within the walls of the building. It is unnecessary to speak of the excited state of public feeling consequent upon the terrible wrong and in justice to which the entire people of Montana had been made sufferers, which assisted on so brief a notice to this immense assemblage. The outrage that bad been committed upon the electors of the Territory was without ex ample in our political history as an at tempted denial of the people's most sacred right to self-government. But one sentiment and feeling prevailed. A great wrong bail been done, and the universal demand was that it must be righted. This was not alone the voice of the citizens of Lewis and Clarke, but of neighboring counties, representative men from which were present and cordially concurred in the declarations ot the meet ing. Judge Robert Lawrence was called to the chair, and L. F. LaCroix and R. E. Fisk made Secretaries. Judge Lawrence calmly stated the object ot the meeting and dispassionately called at tention to the lamentable occurrence that had summoned the people from their homes and business places. They were to take cogni zance of an attempt at a great crime, to de vise means to correct a grevious wrong, and to institute such steps as will result iu secur ing justice to the people and the detection and punishment of those who have offended the law. W. F. Chadwick addressed the meeting, set ting fortli the particulars of the conspiracy by which a few unscrupulous men at Virginia city had again, and for a second time, holdl}' attempted to defraud the people of their ver dict honestly rendered at the ballot box. The prison walls waited the detection of these men to claim them as convicts for a term of years. Not a soul in Montana but was convinced beyond the possibility of doubt of the fraud that had been committed. The Capital Law vote of Meagher county wa 561 for approval and 29 for disapproval. The returns, accurately made out and care fully compared by the Canvassing Board ami Clerk of Meagher county', and afterwards in spected by a half dozen respectable citizens of Helena to positively determine the fact, were forwarded by express to Virginia city, where for many days they remained in tin* office of the express company. While there the presumption is strong and irresistible that those returns were abstracted and forged re turns substituted in their place. This would be definitely determined in the course of the next few days. He favored action. The sacredness of the ballot must be vindicated at whatever cost, and the rights and privileges of the people fearlessly maintained. On motion, a committee of five, to prepare resolutions expressive of the sense of the meeting on the outrage recently attempted at Virginia city, was appointed. The Chair named as such committee, W. F. Chadwick, R. H. Williams, 1). C. Corbin, J. R. Boyce, Sr., and Wm. E. Cullen. In the absence of the committee, Col. W. F. Sanders was loudly called for, who re sponded in an animated address of half an hour. The occasion was too grave to engage in mere words or acts prompted by passion. A crime bad been done which for its kind and enormity bad few examples in demo cratic government. A neighboring county had cast an almost unanimous vote for ap proval of the Capital Laiv. The returns showing this result had been sent forward by express to Virginia City to be counted by the Canvassing Board. »Vhile deposited in the Express office there that return, it would seem, was tampered with, the vote trans posed by forgery, or a wholly fraudulent return substituted iu its place. He regretted to hear that when this crime was made know n and the result of the Capital Law canvass de clared against approval, men were found in a neighboring village, pretending to honesty and affecting to advocate fairness and purity in elections, who spent the better part ot a night in celebrating the consummation of this wrong and fraud ou the dearest rights ot the people. But for the acts of such men the communities in which they live ought not to be held responsible. The masses there w'ere law-abiding and law-respecting people, he would fain believe, and would stoutly protest with this and other communities in Jlontana against this crime, and call for the punish ment of the offenders. He depicted in strong language the dire consequences that must ensue if such a crime as this is allow ed to succeed and the perpetrators thereof permit ted to go unwhipped of justice. . Col A. M. Woolfolk was next called fort and gave expression to the indignant feeliug, a»it nnssessed his breast. There was thunder