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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, September 10, 1874, Image 2

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R. E. FI8K, • - • • Editor.
TNi rkday, x»:m:nHi;it to« ist 4 «
tiis; forked Y ddtm tko.
The dispatches published to-day show
tlic desperate straits to which Virginia
t'ity is put in efforts to retain possession of
the Capital. Iu the face of a majority of
457 in favor of the Capital Law. a delilwrate
forgery is done to defeat the will of the peo
ple, and privent the removal ot the Scat of
tîoverninent. Erobably no more than two
«»r three men, or a half dozen at most, were
directly engaged iu this villainous crime, hut
when journals like the Monta nia n and Modi
*oiu\ih boast of the dastardly achievement
won by such means, it becomes a tuilter in
volving the responsibility of an entire eoiu
munity in the act. Let the citizens of Vir
ginia City speak out, denounce the fraud,
and fitly designate the criminals who have
figured in it, as well as the journals who aid
and abet it. In this way only can they hope
to relieve themselves of a stigma.* which
otherwise will cling to them evermore.
Mr. T. K. Collins, Clerk and Recorder of
Meagher county, arrived in Virginia city this
morning, ami telegraphs hack that the Meagh
er county return is a forgery. The following
dispatch from Col. Zanders is to the same
Vun.ixiA Cm. Sept. 7. 1874.
Coi Uns denounces the returns, including
signatures and seals, a forgery, and they give
evidence of the fact.
Virginia City. M. T., Sept. 7.
/o hi. (t. .1 fc/Ciernan.'
The abstract of votes on the Capital Law,
w riting, figures and seals are all a forgery.
ns. «orvrv eapitae vote.
Diamond C'itn. Sep** 6, 1874.
To »(«»• K«li(or ot the lterahl.
Find below the vote, by prciiucts. of
Meagher county on the Capital Law, taken
from the official records of the Clerk's office.
No trick or fraud can cheat us of our suf
frages, or deprive us of <*ur verdict honestly
rendered at the jadis :
, , Diwini»ru\
rim IN< T«. Approved. ^
New York.......
Hound »«ro\e____
Ihvp Cn*»'k......
Thomp-oji. ....
Yours, :rniy._
\>OIM H ••»1104% DOW !% ** OS' I'SCt:
The Hki:ai I», following the election, pub
ii.Micd in tabula form the complete official
vote of each of the several counties ot the
Territory. How entirely accurate each aud
every return, ns set out in our columns, was,
has since beim shown bv the official canvass
»»fell the returns by the tient rai Hoard at
Virginia Ci'y on the 2d in.-t. <h:r tables were
proved to be absolutely correct. The vote of
each county on the Capital Law tallied to a
figure, save a> the attempt to palm off as
genuine the fraudulent transposition of the
Meagher county vote to subserve the evil
purposes of Virginia City. And now in this
connection comes the Madijtonian with this
ool and diabolica: piece of effrontery:
4 *We have frequently called the attention
of the people of Montana to the manner of
the Helena Herald in publishing statements
of a false nature. The Herald transcends
any newspaper on the North American Con
tinent for barefaced and unscrupulous lying.
In the daily issue of that disreputable and ir
responsible sheet of September 1st appears a
carefully-concocted lying tabular statement
of the vote of Montana on the Capital Law,
in which the Herald has the brazen effront
ery to claim 5o7 majority for approval of that
obnoxious measure. 1 h i is an unwarranted
lie, manufactured for tK* purpose of deceiv
ing the public. The certified vote on file in
the office of the Secretary of Montana de
feats the law by a majority of one hundred
aud fifty-two. * The entire vote of Gallatin
county was thrown out—if it had been count
ed the majority against the law would have
l*ecn 607.
—.1. L. Young, of Lincoln, dropped in
yesterday, to iutorm us that he was bound for
Pennsylvania to spend the winter, and that
lie wished the address of his weekly Herald
changed accordingly. A pleasant trip and a
safe return. Mr. Y oung.
Fii k amended bankruptcy law does not, iu
express terms, require that the auewer in in
voluntary bankruptcy cases shall be sworn to,
and on August 20th the question was present
ed to Judge Blachford wnether unsworn an
swers were valid, which question he promply
decided in the negative.
It is stated that Governor Woods has re
fused to issue Cannon a certificate that at the
late election he was duly and legally chosen
delegate to Congress from Utah.
The election in Wyoming resulted in. the
return of Steel, Democrat,, to Congress by.
about 6fi0 majority. The Democratic ticket,
is generally sncccssful throughout the Terri
tory. ^^
H. P. Broom w ell has been nominated as
a candidate for delegate to Congress by the
Republicans of Colorado Territory.
: 11
2 %
W *
Wc have no advices from Virginia City
later than Monday evening, at which time
Messrs. Smith and Star left there, arriving
home by last night's coach. We interviewed
Col. Smith to-day. who freely communicated
what intelligence he had to impart. Record
er Collins had no difficulty in detecting the
fraudulent character of the Meagher county
return, aud promptly pronounced it a forgery
throughout. The Governor expressed him
self satisfied of the fraud, and willing to
adopt any proper course in the case so far as
he had authority to advise or act. A hearing
was promised the Helena delegation at nine
o'clock Tuesday morning, and the Canvass
ing Board was to meet at that time for the
purpose named. Col. limith is of opinion
that the Secretary will demur to any canvass
of the vote other than has already been had,
and will state hsa objections in writing. In
that event, recourse will be had to the courts,
and the determination of the case delayed for
some months. Not a soul doubts the ultimate
result. Wc had hoped that bare justice could
be obtained without obliging the people to
seek the interference of the law. We can
wait, if we mnst, assured that justice will be
awarded us at last.
As an evidence that the crime committed
in the forgery of the Meagher county vote is
not approved by everybody at Virginia City,
Col. Smith informs us that a number of the
l>est citizens of the town denounced the fraud
and declared they did not and would not take
the Capital at any such price. There are
honest people in Virginia, but whether there
are enough of them sufficiently courageous to
come out and openly attempt the wiping
away of the dark stigma attaching to the
town, wc have our doubts. A few wicked
and unscrupulous men committed the elec
tion fraud in 1869, by which Virginia City,
at the expense of honesty and in defiance of
law, retained the Capital. Now another and
more paisible aud barefaced fraud is insti
tuted for a like purpose. It will not succeed,
and if Virginia City people have any regard
for a good name they will place themselves
on record against this wrong before it is too
late. _,
The Territorial Fair opens on Monday
next, the 14th, and continues during the
week. The exhibition promises to lie larger,
more diversified, and of greater interest than
any oue of the several that have preceded it.
Farmers, stockgrowers, miners, artizans, and
the ladies with their thousand and one arti
c lea of handicraft, will l*e present and con
tribute to the completeness of the several
departments. The large number of horses
now on the grouud and daily training, ati«**t
the lively interest taken in the racing features
of the Fuir, and show that in this as in other
respects the Fifth Anuuul Exhibition of the
M. A. M. and M. Association will exceed in
interest any yet held. If the reports reaching
us are true, the attendance from various
parts of the Territory will be larger than
heretofore. Let everybody come and make
it a holiday week. Ample and comfortable
accommodations have been provided by the
hotels for one and all. Many will come by
[he coaches, arrangements having been made
lor all such to ride at largely reduced rates,
lire a ter numbers will come by private con
veyance, in order to have their own turnouts
liero during the week, and not compel them
to depend upon livery hire, at such times not
tlways adequate to supply the wants of the
A welcoming invitation is extended to the
people to make the Territorial Fair the occa
sion of their annual holiday.
A Train and m ('•Inred Rail
Agent »hot.
Chicago, September 1.—A Washington
special says authentic information was re
ceived by the Post Office Department to-day,
to the effect that on last Friday a train on the
Albemarle and Chattanooga Railroad was
stopped by means of a false signal near York
station, Alabama; that immediately upon its
halting it was boarded and taken possession
of by a band of armed men, who shot down
the colored mail agent without provocation,
and in cold blood. Congressman Hayes, of
Alabama, who arrived here to-day, confirms
this story, aud adds much more of the same
A Ckarcfe lani lat« aae Fear Pensai
Chicago, September 1.— Official dispatches
were received here to-daj' stating that yester
day a body of armed white men surrounded a
colored church in Lee county, Alabama,
while the services were in progress, and with
out the slightest provocation, fired into the
congregation, killing four persons outright.
In addition to this, the Alabamians have
stories to tell »if the intimidation of both white
and colored Republican speakers, the whites
lieing visited at their homes by armed men
and warned not lo speak, and colored orators
being driven from the platform, in full view
of their audiences, by the same means.
Washington, September 1.— The public
ebt statement shows a reduction of the debt
curing August of $1,096,790; coin in the
reasury, $71,088,928; including coin certifi
ites, $29,141,200; currency balance, $16,
I9,232;*ipecie deposit ami legal tenders for
demption *of certificates of deposit, $58,
>0,000; legal tenders outstanding, $802,000,
The Secretary of the Treasury has issued a
ill for fifteen million five-twenty bonds, for
te redemption of the interest on the bonds
•tnrinir December 1st.
On the 14lh of March, 1873, the Austrian
Imperial Secretary of Commerce and the
Hungarian Board of Agriculture and Indus
try issued a patent to the metallurgist, Chas.
Adler, and the exclusive privilege on a newly
invented method of copper extraction. The
following will give an approximate idea of
the cheapness, quickness and extraordinary
financial advantage of this method.
After numerous tests Mr. Adler succeeded
in discovering two ways to work the differ
ent copper ores:
I. Carbonates, such as malachite, and
oxydes, such as black copper, aud ores of a
poorer class whose gangue is of a siheions
nature. He works these ores most profitably
by the application of the law of chemical af
finity, or by the so-called wet process.
II. Richer ores, with whatever gangue, he
works by a process of reduction whereby the
result is obtained within eight hours. Sul
phurets have to be roasted before subjected
to treatment.
By the first method the inventor has already
produced eighteen tons of copper cement,
—this being the result of a trial on a large
scale—which was melted into bars and pur
chased by the Government smelting works at
Talanta, in Transylvania. The second, or
reduction process was tried only on a small
Charles Adler has consulted many theoreti
cal and practical authorities in metallurgy;
delivered lectures before selected profession
al audiences, and is assured by them that a
new era will be inaugurated in the industry of
copper by his discoveries.
Mr. A. intends to form a slock company,
for the purpose of establishing large works
in Hungary or Transylvania, where copper
mines have been worked for hundreds of
years, and where enormous quantities of ore
heaped up on'the dumps which are too poor
or unfit to work by the common smelting pro
cess. He proposes to purchase these old
mines and dumps at low prices, and work the
ores by his new process. He figures that a
sum of if(50,000 is sufficient to commence op
erations on a large scale, and out of this in
vestment a profit of at least one hundred per
cent, arises. Mr. Adler expects to work cop
ier ores as low as 3 per cent.
The cost of putting up the apparatus to
work copper ores by this method will only
be one-third part of the expense of erecting
ordinary smelting works of the same capacity,
and while the construction of ordinary smelt
ing and refiuing works would require a year
or more, an establishment of the new kind
would lie completed iu fourteen days. The
production of fine copper by the common
smelting and refining process requires at least
6 months, while by the new way of extraction
the result is obtained in twenty-four hours.
The copper produced by smelting is sold at
about $360 per ton, while the amount of $870
was paid to Mr. Adler for the metal obtained
by his new invention, owing to its superior
quality, being chemically pure. The expen
ses of the working will scarcely amount to
one-tenth of the expenses by the ordinary
smelting and refining process.
From a letter written by Mr. Theodore Hol
lander, from Hungary, to his brother, we
learn that he has succeeded, iu company with
A. Molitor, formerly assayer in San Francis
co, in securing the privilege for patenting
and disposing of the Adler copper extracting
process, in the United States.
One of the conditions of their contract is
that the inventor shall make an experiment
on a larger scale, treating a quantity of sev
eral tons of ore by his method iu the presence
of Messrs. Molitor and Hollander, in order to
give them a full insight into the mod»« oper
andi, and at the same time practically to
prove the validity of his invention. The ex
penses of this trial are to be defrayed by the
purchasers of the privilege. As soon as this
shall be successfully concluded, Messrs.
Hollander and Molitor will take proper steps
to introduce this invention—which may be of
incalculable vaine —and create a new epoch
in the metallurgy of copper in our country.
The greatest advantage of the new process
is that such ores can be easily and profitably
worked as are now thrown on the waste
damp on account of their poverty and intrac
In silver and gold-bearing ores there will
be no loss of the precious metals, by his treat
ment for copper; on the contrary, their ex
traction would be facilitated thereby.
Mr. S. Molitor, of this city is correspond
ing with bis brother, A. Molitor, about this
new invention, and as soon as he receives an
unswerhe will commence operations. He
has requested the exclusive right for the Ter
ritories of Montana and Utah for himself.
He expects a favorable reply in about one
In the .Name and oy the Authority off
the Territory of Montaaa«
Whereas, It appears by the record of the
action of the Territorial Board of Canvassers,
that at a general election held in the Territory
of Montana, on Monday, August 3, A. D.
1874, in pursuance of law, Marlin Maginnis
received the highest number of votes cast for
delegate to the Fourty-fourth Congress of the
United States from said Territory.
Now, therefore , I, Benjamin F. Potts,
Governor of the Territory of Montana, by vir
tue of the authority, vested in me by law, do
hereby declare that Martin Maginnis was, on
Monday, August 3d, A. D. 1874, duly elected
Delegate to the Forty-fourth Congress of the
United States from Montana Territory, for
the period of two years from March 4th, A.
D. 1875.
In testimony whereof, I have hereby set
my hand and caused the great Seal of
[l. s.] the Territory to be affixed: Done at
Virginia city, the Capital, this, the sec
ond day of September, A. D. -1874.____
A F. POTTS, Governor.
By the Governor:
Jar. E. Callaway, Secretary.
The Crow Agency
From the Avant Courier, September 4.
The Crow Agency was at one time consid
ered by the settlers of the Gallatin Valley as
affording a cash market for much of their
produce, particularly for flour aud beef, but
of late years the demand for these articles has
diminished to such an extent that our people
hardly recognize that such articles arc really
required in that locality. They know that
the number of Indians has not been reduced
and t hut the appropriations for such purposes
by the government have been increased, but
notwithstanding these tangible evidences of
increased demands upon our farmers and
stock raisers, the fact is demonstrated that
the Agency has become an insiguiticaut pa
tron under its present administration. There
is evidently a screw loose somewhere, and it
becomes our duty as the representative of the
.interests of these people to inquire into the
matter, and attach the blame where it should
We have received several communications,
designed for publication, in regard to the
management of affairs at the Agency, but de
clined doing so on account of the general im
pression that the present agent bad tendered
his resignation ; but, as it appears he has not
done and has no intention of so doing, we
shall be no longer restrained from giving our
views, and the knowledge of others who have
been placed in a position to knotc the fact9,
regarding the management of the Crow
Agency, in which the people of this county
have more than a casual interest.
If the appropriations for supplies for the
Agency were properly used, and the supplies
drawn from this valley, as it is reasonable to
suppose they should l>e, being available and
cheaper than the same can be obtained else
where, an amount of money would be annu
ally distributed among our people, in connec
tion with their other resources, to make
"hard times'' unknown among them, and
that would keep flour and beef up to remu
nerative prices.
List year there was an appropriation of
$130,000 to supply the Crow Agency with
beef and flour. Can the people of Gallatin
tell us how much of this $130,000 they re
ceived for the articles mentioned? And if
they did not get it, alto did? That is the sig
ticant question. One hundred and thirty
thousand dollars would accomplish wonders
in this county. It would pay all our private
debts and come back to us in the way of
trade. This year there is an appropriation of
$100,000 for the same purpose—to supply the
Crow Indians with beef and flour for the cur
rent year. We will divide the two articles
into equal parts and consider the result. The
contract for beef was awarded at $1 96 and
flour at $4 ÖO per 100 pounds, which figures
2,â51,02» lits Wl at fl 9tf ............149.999.99
11.111 pack- flour, ICK» It» each, at $4 Ä0 ...... 49,999 00
Total........................................199.990 9e
To supply the above contracts, which is
contemplated by the government, and for
which an appropriation is already made, it
will require 2,501 bullocks, averaging 1,000
pounds each, and 11,111 sacks of flour.
If thenc ttapplitn are furnished, and justice
to the Government, the Crow Indians and to
the producers of Gallatin county de man d that
thei/tthall be, in connection with the demands
of Fort Ellis and our local trade, the farmers
of this valley will have a home market for
their surplus Hour and beef, and realize there
from ready means sufficient for all their
Our farmers are therefore vitally interested
in seeing that the*c contractu tire Ji/Ud to the
u tti r, and there is no doubt but the officers
of the District Grange will take the matter
under their personal supervision, as it is
plainly a duty they owe to themselves and
tb«ir organization to do so.
Giving place to the above article, we have
few remarks of our own to add. We dif
fer from several of the observations aud con
clusions set forth by our Bozeman neighbor.
We had been led to believe that I)r. Wright's
management of affairs at the ( 'row Agency
was eminently satisfactory to the Govern
ment, the Indians, and the people. We had
thought that if there was a conscientious,
honest man in charge of any Indian Agency
in Montana, it must be I)r. Wright. Mouths
ago, if we are not mistaken, he tendered his
resignation, desiring to relinquish charge of
the Agency. Government, it seems, has been
so well satisfied with his administration as
not to be in any hurry to relieve him. We
are not concerned, however, in the matter
whether he goes or remains, assuming in
cither event care will be taken in the efficient
conduct of Indian affairs in Eastern Montana.
Our cotemporary errs in stating the amount
appropriated for beef and flour for the Crow
Agency for the present fiscal year at $100,
000. Consulting the Indian Appropriation
bill, wc find that the amount specified covers
many other supplies, such as sugar, coffee,
salt, salar&tus, soap, vegetables, etc. In this
and many other respects the Courier article
is calculated to mislead the public, and espe
cially the people of Gallatin. While we have
not been personally on the ground, we have
recently taken some pains to inquire into the
matter of agency supplies, not only as affect
ing Indian affairs in Eastern Montana, but
elsewhere in the Territory. Speaking par
ticularly of matters in this connection affect
ing the Eastern border, the conclusion arrived
at is favorable to the management as we find
it there. Information which we deem en
tirely creditable goes to show that the demand
for Crow Agency supplies has contributed
materially to stiffen the home market for
Gallatin produce—especially in the item of
flour—XX brands commanding the same
price as XXX. We have like evidence touch
ing the beef supply —the Crow demand serv
ing the present year to exhaust all the beef
on the Yellowstone, and at least one-half of
the fat bullocks of Gallatin. We do not stop
to ask, nor do we care to know who the con
tractors are, so long as they comply with the
requirements and fill the measure of their
bond. The Herald is interested to see jus
tice done not only to tbc Indians, but to the
Governmënt and the people, and while we
shall accredit every one with what we esteem
his due, we shall not hesitate to denounce
Justus promptly-any one-detected in evil or
Popular Demonstration at the t'ourt
House Saturday Night.
Speeches by Chadwirk, »anders. Wool
folk, Page and Smith.
Resolutions Expressive of the Sense of
the People.
Earnest Demand for the Detection und
Punishment of the Perpetrators
of the Crime.
Appointment of a Committee of Thirty
The intense indignation pervading this and
other communities of the Territory consequent
upon the result of theCapital Law fraud culmin
ated in »citizens' meeting at the Court House,
Saturday evening last. The bare announcement
set forth in the Herald and Independent of
that day of the proposed meeting and its ob
jects, brought out such aconcourse of substan
tial people as never before assembled within
the walls of the building. It is unnecessary
to speak of the excited state of public feeling
consequent upon the terrible wrong and in
justice to which the entire people of Montana
had been made sufferers, which assisted on
so brief a notice to this immense assemblage.
The outrage that bad been committed upon
the electors of the Territory was without ex
ample in our political history as an at
tempted denial of the people's most sacred
right to self-government. But one sentiment
and feeling prevailed. A great wrong bail
been done, and the universal demand was
that it must be righted. This was not alone
the voice of the citizens of Lewis and Clarke,
but of neighboring counties, representative
men from which were present and cordially
concurred in the declarations ot the meet
Judge Robert Lawrence was called to the
chair, and L. F. LaCroix and R. E. Fisk
made Secretaries.
Judge Lawrence calmly stated the object
ot the meeting and dispassionately called at
tention to the lamentable occurrence that had
summoned the people from their homes and
business places. They were to take cogni
zance of an attempt at a great crime, to de
vise means to correct a grevious wrong, and
to institute such steps as will result iu secur
ing justice to the people and the detection and
punishment of those who have offended the
W. F. Chadwick addressed the meeting, set
ting fortli the particulars of the conspiracy
by which a few unscrupulous men at Virginia
city had again, and for a second time, holdl}'
attempted to defraud the people of their ver
dict honestly rendered at the ballot box. The
prison walls waited the detection of these
men to claim them as convicts for a
term of years. Not a soul in Montana but
was convinced beyond the possibility of
doubt of the fraud that had been committed.
The Capital Law vote of Meagher county wa
561 for approval and 29 for disapproval.
The returns, accurately made out and care
fully compared by the Canvassing Board ami
Clerk of Meagher county', and afterwards in
spected by a half dozen respectable citizens
of Helena to positively determine the fact,
were forwarded by express to Virginia city,
where for many days they remained in tin*
office of the express company. While there
the presumption is strong and irresistible that
those returns were abstracted and forged re
turns substituted in their place. This would
be definitely determined in the course of the
next few days. He favored action. The
sacredness of the ballot must be vindicated
at whatever cost, and the rights and privileges
of the people fearlessly maintained.
On motion, a committee of five, to prepare
resolutions expressive of the sense of the
meeting on the outrage recently attempted at
Virginia city, was appointed.
The Chair named as such committee, W.
F. Chadwick, R. H. Williams, 1). C. Corbin,
J. R. Boyce, Sr., and Wm. E. Cullen.
In the absence of the committee, Col. W.
F. Sanders was loudly called for, who re
sponded in an animated address of half an
hour. The occasion was too grave to engage
in mere words or acts prompted by passion.
A crime bad been done which for its kind
and enormity bad few examples in demo
cratic government. A neighboring county
had cast an almost unanimous vote for ap
proval of the Capital Laiv. The returns
showing this result had been sent forward by
express to Virginia City to be counted by the
Canvassing Board. »Vhile deposited in the
Express office there that return, it would
seem, was tampered with, the vote trans
posed by forgery, or a wholly fraudulent
return substituted iu its place. He regretted
to hear that when this crime was made know n
and the result of the Capital Law canvass de
clared against approval, men were found in a
neighboring village, pretending to honesty
and affecting to advocate fairness and purity
in elections, who spent the better part ot a
night in celebrating the consummation of this
wrong and fraud ou the dearest rights ot the
people. But for the acts of such men the
communities in which they live ought not to
be held responsible. The masses there w'ere
law-abiding and law-respecting people, he
would fain believe, and would stoutly protest
with this and other communities in Jlontana
against this crime, and call for the punish
ment of the offenders. He depicted in strong
language the dire consequences that must
ensue if such a crime as this is allow ed to
succeed and the perpetrators thereof permit
ted to go unwhipped of justice. .
Col A. M. Woolfolk was next called fort
and gave expression to the indignant feeliug,
a»it nnssessed his breast. There was thunder

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