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, M . W -MM.Y FOP. THE HERALD BY
' W '. -'i'Ei:N t'N'K'N TELEGRAPH COMPANY. , |tr |> rr si<((>ntN nntl «'onjrrc* ini« s 1 o. November 30.— A Washington . ( ial savs: The President commenced his M -'i_ r e ve-terday and does not intend to : » : i *Ie*tf ii until the day of the meeting of Con .... P will not he printed and no copy of w i!! he made until the morning of theas .( :ahling of Congress, when a copy will be ( .r:i to the Associated Press. It is believed President will in his Message review at . :ne length the Arkansas situation, and will . ; «! that ('on g less take speedy action and • delay a decision of the question, as was I 'M* with Louisiana. The Clay ton-Dorsey . - v ciaim that the investigation held will he 1 * 67 : . Iv to r. poil on the lirst week of the ses . n. an 1 il* it the committee by a joint reso •ion will recommend the recognition of the ,. !-!itmion of 1 as the only valid consti 5 .-; a of Arkansas, and wiM declare that i> , oks i< Governor. j itc n< ar advent of Congress has called nt j. • - l to the exceeding shortness of the com -ps-ion. If the usual holiday vacation is -t :\ (u there will be but sixty working days i:t tlie session, An effort will be made to |.:v\v:it the holiday adjournment, but it is pi I d ml*!c that it will not l>e successful. It is the intention of the working members who li.t.r arrived to have as much work as possi ble ' lit to committees before the holidays. It i- expected that a majority of the principal («■mmittecs will be willing to sit during the lvcess. Members of the House Appropriation Com mittee say that all the regular appropriation l ids, except the Sundry Civil bill, will be ready to be introduced on the* first day of the coming session. They hope to have two or mote of them passed before the holidaj'S, and all of them through by the first of Feb ruary. The River and Harbor bill is pre pared by the House Commerce Committee and lias not yet received any attention. It is pretty well settled that the Republicans will as a body resist an attempt to re-enact a* law requiring Congress to organize on the • f March.* lYnwhlnirloii Intelllarenee« Washington» Novpmlwpf 30.—The Secre tary of the Tra^Mily has directed the Assis tant Tro**urcr at New' York to sell $500,000 r -f gold each Thursday during December. The Secretary of State has received a tele graphic communication from the American Minister at Madrid, stating that Dockery's accommodations in Santander has been the i»«ct possible He has been allowed to walk about the eitv. subject to police suryeilance, and carefully provided for as to board and clothing. A member of the House Committee on Ap piopriations says that at least five of the principal appropriation Mils will be ready for reporting to Congress on the first day of the session, and that nearly all the others are in a state of forwardness. A. P. Field, Attorney General of Louis iana, arrived here to-day. It is said his object is to obtain from Congress the passage of a joint resolution for recognising the Kellogg government. Blaekfan. Superintendent of the Foreign Mail Bureau of the Post Office Department, s av« the maximum rate of chargj will he six pruts between the United States and other countries parties to the Postal Convention at Switzerland, which rate will go into effect oil the first day of July. 1875. Bifi one rate will be charged on letters to and from California. The Inspector General of 'the army, in his itimual report, says that a regulation is much needed inflicting some punishment on soldiers win* marry without proper permission. The military posts are sometimes overrun with the wives of enlisted men, and it is well know n that it requires about as much trans portation to move four laundresses as to move a whole company of men. ith .1 Xrn Mehr me. New York, November 29.—The Sunday Incut y says: Application will he made to on «ross this session to incorporate the L. S. and and Emigration Co., with a nominal i pit at of $10,000. The object of the com anv is defined to he to facilitate the settle 0 f Congressional grants to railroads, <colonics, and to make regulations for icir government under the supervision of n agent of the company, who may also cn t into any contract with the land grant of d I roads for settlement of their lands on ich terms ns they may agree upon, and to ave power to sue in all the courts, hut he icd only in the United States courts, its prop rtv and franchises to he exempt from all exation. national, State and local, and in lieu f taxes it is to pay annually one per cent, f it« net income into the Treasury of the 'idled States. »lions" Tweed. m u Vo'iu. November 29.—The first year I'wt **d's imprisonment expires to-day. i > counsel believing illegal his sentence for • . as'.ve terms of one year, will, it is said. ipin i dav oi two. apply for a writ of ha - , t; <• tn bring Tweed before the courts . I \. lib sentence revised. Hie base of tiib t. bill of exception* is ready to pre i.' ' i * 1• App< late Court. — ■ •* ** M'rnlhcr Iteporl. . I vi I cut, No veil fl »er 2 f >.—Nine Inches ,, * •; brre vcwterdnv and last night. Smitfei* Itenth of tlnyor llnvemcyop. New Yoke, November 30. — Mayor Have meyer visited Flushing. Long Island, to-( lay. On returning the train broke down and he was obliged to walk two miles against a strong wind, and he died of apoplexy shortly after arriving at his office in the City Hall. The libel suit of John Kelley versus Mayor llavemevcr, on trial ui the Supreme Court, came to a sudden termination and the court adjourned on the announcement of the death of the Mayor. All the other courts in ses- sion also adjourned on the announcement of the same. - • •*« ►» .» w York Xowh. New Yolk, November 29.—The Directors of the Pacific Mail Company have ratified a ten-years' contract with the Panama Railroad Company, under which the former have the piivilege of making the tariff on freight and passengers between New York and San Fran cisco. All earnings of railroad company oyer twelve per cent, per annum to the stockhold ers are to be equally divided between the Panama and Pacific Mail Company. John A. C. Gray, one of the Erie Directors just returned from Europe, informs the World that his mission to negotiate a loan was quite satisfactory. He says he was enabled to re deem a small proportion of the bonds that had been hypothecated, and disposed of the re mainder at good prices; also, to make remit tances to the company and put it on a basis so that it is believed it will not need to bor row more. He put out $10,000,000 worth and covered those hypothecated by Watson during the panic. A Sunday paper says that William Garri son, a native of New Orleans and step-son of Captain Franzen of the steamer Suavia, was recently held for conscription in Germany, and that he w*as compelled to leave German soil to avoid being drafted. New Y'okk, November 30. -Jonathan Stur gis, an eminent merchant, died on Saturday. The State Labor Union pledges assistance to the striking "longshoremen to the extent of $49,000 or $50,000. A dispatch from London states that Mack Gahau, the Herald correspondent, has been released from prison by the Spanish authori ties at the instance of the American Minister. The Century Club gave a reception Satur day night to Sir Jewell Buxton, Right Hon. Wm. E. Forster and Prof. Bonamy Price. Win. C. Bryant delivered the welcoming ad dress. The apprellChsion of a strike among the potteries of Trenton, N. J., has ended for the present, and no reduction of wages will take place. The manufacturing potters met on Friday and agreed to continue busiucss until decreased demand or pikes* compels them t© stop, when they will make no further effort to keep the men employed and time them over the threatened hard winter, as was their intention in proposing » «caucium» Reception ofKinc Kklli»ki»ni«. San Francisco, November 29. —King Kal lakana was received el the landing at Broad way wharf this morning by a military escort ordered by Governor Booth, and commanded by Colond W. L. Barnes. Salutes were fired from the forts, the Benicia, Saranac and Portsmouth. A large number of people flocked to the city front at an early hour to witness the landing of the King, who was accom panied by his governors and Minister Henry A. Pierce. The royal party have rooms at the Grand Hotel. The King will proceed to Washington in a few days aud then visit the principal Eastern cities. The city authorities took no part in the reception. The King savs lie is merely on a visit to the President, and will take no part in the negotiations for a reciprocity treaty. Another report says: About 0,000 people witnessed the debarealion of the King of Hawaii to-day. Flags on the shipping and most of the public offices were displayed. The King was brought from the Benicia in the commander's steam yacht. Salutes were fired by tlie war vessels in the harbor and by the city guard at the pier. Considerable en thusiasm prevailed and a grand rush was made to get a view of the King. Mayor'Otis and other dignitaries occupied seats in the carriage with him. An immense throng fol lowed to the Grand Hotel, and it was with difficulty that the militury escort and carriages occupied by the King and his suite could make their way there. He was dressed plainly, nothing in his costume denoting royalty, and he seemed the most indifferent of all the spectators present. It is not yet known when he will take his departure for Washington. Funeral Nervier*. Chicago, November 29,—'The funeral serv ices of James 8. C. Campbell, the celebrated tenor, and late member of the Kellogg opera troupe, were performed here to-day in the Church of Epiphany. Rev. Dr. Stocking offi ciating. Instead of a sermon, the minister read the resolutions adopted by the members of the English opera troupe, which were full of the tcndcrcst affection for the deceased and the greatest respect for his memory. The floral decorations were costly and elaborate. There was a large attendance of the liest citizens in the city. Representatives of the dramatic and musical professions were also present. The pall-bearers were selected from his intimate personal friends. 1 he remains were interred in Graecland cemet ery. 14night» Templar. New Orleans, November 29. ihn Sir Knights arc arriving by every train. 1 he local Commanderics, with hands of music, meet them at the depot and escort them to their headquarters. ! ! j j ! ; i Th© (ironiMl* Tor Asking a Review of Tweed*» <a»e. New York, November 30.—The appeal in the case of William M. Tweed, of which notice was given at the time of his trial and sentence, appears to have been purposely de ferred until the end of the lirst year of his long term of punishment. It is now under stood that his counsel will seek to have the case reviewed on the ground that the indict ment on which he was convic ted charged a single misdemeanor, although it embraced 220 different counts. It is a very nice point of law, on which it is claimed the Judge who sentenced Tweed for fifty-one misdemeanors had previously ruled that he could be pun ished for only one. Judge Barrett, in the Oyer and Terminer Court, granted a writ of habeas corpus for Tweed, returnable to the Supreme Court Chambers on Wednesday, when the question of the court condemning will he argued. Shocking Vfnrrier. Troy, N. Y., Noyember 29. —Recently a carpenter named Elias Williams began the erection of a frame house in an unfrequented district about lfi miles north of Wellstown, Hamilton county. He hired one Geo. Smith to assist him, and one day when drunk the two men began to quarrel, Williams, in the course of the struggle threw Smith over a wooden sawhorse and sawed off the head of his antagonist, severing it entirety from the body. Williams soon afterwards cut his own throat. — «* *» ^— Shooting: Women «ml Children. Pittsburg, November 29.—A dispatch from Showers, Pa., says: This morning 25 armed Italians commenced firing on women and children, but they were driven across the river by the citizens. This afternoon a body of 75 men crossed the river from Buena Vista and formed in line. They were fired upon by the Italians, shots were exchanged, and four of the Italians were killed and a number severely wounded. Further outbreak is not expected. -- ——<4 ►» ------- Fire. Cincinnati, November 29.—A fire at Emi nence, Henry countv, Ky., yesterday morn ing, destroyed a splendid stock of stables, to gether with 38 horses belonging to Calloway & Borland. Among the horses lost was Hamhletonian Star. Loss, $20,000; insur ance, $3,000. Death of F.x-Justice Read. Philadelphia, November 29.—John M. Reed, ex-Justice of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania, died of cholera morbus this afternoon, aged 78 years. He was the father of General J. M. Read, U. S. Minister to Greece, who sailed last week. encIland. London, November 29.—A violent storm * ashore aud wrecked the bark Neteran. «unities are reported with heavy loss of life. London, November 20.—A dispnfc» - Berlin says the editor of the Zeehliches , on his judicial examination, fully substantiated his statements concerning Von Arnim's propo sition to the Spceuer Gazette. London, November 29.—A circular letter from Archbishop Manning was read in all Catholic Churches in the diocese yesterday, declaring that all persons who do not accept the dogma of Papal Iufallibity cease to be Catholics. London, November 30.—The bank rate of discount was fixed at 0 per cent, to-day. "brazil! Rto he Janeiro, November 29.—The re* figions excitement growing out of the conflict between the Catholic clergy and the civil authorities culminated in a serious disturb ance in the provinces of Pernambuco and Paratiba. The sympitbizers with the Bish ops of Pcmambuc » . who were recently sen tenced for a violation of the laws of the em pire, have made riotous demonstrations. The cry is "down with tie Masons."* They have attacked several Mawnic lodges: -and bid de fiance to the local mthorites. Troops and ships have been dipatched to the disturbed districts. Para, (Brazil) ïovember 30.—The Tri buna newspaper coati nues to publish violent articles against forigners generally, and par ticular against theoffleers of the Portugese corvette Tagus. Tie people of the city of Paraluna have rif-ci against the foreigners there, and the Government has 20,000 troops to suppress the demonstration. CANADA. Ottawa, Noveuner 29.—A notice is given in the official Guide that an application will be made at tlie nex session of the Dominion Parliament, for an net to incorporate a rail way company wit!full powers to construct, own and operate dine of railway from Red river, Province of Manitoba, to some point in British Columbi on the Pacific coast. The London Qserrer says Disraeli is too ill to leav town nd unable to attend to busi i ness. --- q -- —ar- •* —■ ' iPAIN. j Madrid, Novfnbcr 29. — It is said the j 1 army now numb«* 200,000 men, fully armed j ; and there arc 40^(M) men waiting for arms ! ordered from thej. S. j PaTUCAL. Lisbon, Novenk r 30.— The Brazilian Gov ernment has inform'd that of Portugal that ^ the newspaper, ^ci'ntna of Para, will he prosecuted for its hostile attitude towards j Portugese subjects. GERMANY. Berlin, November 29. — Mass w:is ce!e- j brated to-day for the first time in this city by j the President of the Old Catholic Church, j The congregation numbered about 309, of i whom 20 received communion. FRANCE. Paris, November 29.—Rouher appeared I before the Judge of Instruction on Saturday, j and was examined for several hours in re gard to his connection with the illegal Bona- j partist committee's appeal to the people. ' i j j j j LETTER FROM HELENA. Helena, Montana Tlriutoj.y. < K-t. s . John B. Sheriff , Lsq. : Dear Sip. —Living as you do upon the lux uries of a fruit-growing country, you can scarcely imagine the envy with which a resi dent of the Rocky Mountains reads the fol lowing, clipped from the Black-Diamond, a copy of which reached me by this days' mail, "Peaches! peaches! at fifty cents per bushel. Come and get them now." The very mention of this lucious fruit re calls the many times and oft that I hauled from the Griffith place peaches by the cart load to give away to friends whom my father might select as special recipients of a basket or two for a "peach colder," or "peaches and cream.'' But with me, how great the change, for here in Helena peaches (brought by stage from Utah) sell at five for a dollar, or, in Montana phrase, "two bits" apiece. And when I read of "peaches! peaches! at fifty cents per bushel!" at your house, I recall the pleasing recollections of the fine old orchard at home; and experience, in a slight degree, the far-fetched smack of tlie lips, as they 6nce parted and closed over a Sheriff's seed ling, or a Martin's oldmixen. The price is high with all other fruits here; apples and plums twenty-five and seventy-five cents per pound. The question necessarily follows, Why is fruit not raised in Montana? The answer is, the land and climate are both good enough, but the country is too new and the people who first settled here but a few years ago, only cultivated that which returned the quickest product and the best price, such as wheat, rye, barley, oats, and all kinds of vegetables, and it is just here in Montana where all these grow in the greatest perfec tion. Having been a close observer of all farm products during iny seven years connection with the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society, I feel fully competent to say that I have never seen anywhere crops and products equal, or even to compare with those of Montana. In the competition last fall for the premium offered by the Territorial Society for the best five acres of wheat, there were three com petitors, who each raised over eighty bushels •f wheat to the acre. This wheat is of the white variety, was sown in April, and weighs over sixty pounds to the bushel. The flour of Montana is pearly white, and makes the best of bread. Oats yield a hundred bushels to the acre and weigh forty pounds. Both barley and rye yield equally well with oats. Corn is raised for fattening hogs, and the early sw eet variety for roasting cars. Potatoes yield four hundred bushels to the acre of the finest by all odds of any I have ever seen, not Blow of Maine, or the of vegetables were on exhibition at* the late Fair in this place, and I examined several lots of white flat Dutch turnips, grown from the seed, sown the first week of July that measured eight inches in diameter, also, onions raised from the seed, three to four inches in diameter. This statement is verified by the facts coming under my own personal observation. The lands for homes in Montana are of the most inviting character, furnishing everything required by the wants of man, and adapted in every way to easy tiilage and cheap culti vation by machinery. The whole country is watered by pure mountain streams, and these streams are filled with trout. The hills and mountains abound in fine, pine timber, suit able for all purposes of building and fencing. Farming lands one dollar and twrenty-tive cents to ten dollars per acre, mineral lands at two dollars and fifty cents per acre, and tim ber lands at ten dollars per acre. But to return to the fruit. Now that our Territory has grown older, apples and plums are just appearing in the Jocko aud Bitter Root Valleys, only about one hundred and fifty miles it way, and I make the prediction that when Montana is as old, her cultivated fruits will surpass in quantity and quality those now raised in Minnesota. As the soil and climate are well adapted to the culture of most kinds of fruits, it is but necessary to make the beginning by adopting the motto of our forefathers, to "Plant a tree to-day if we die to-morrow." To those of your neighbors who know but little of Montana, because;of its remoteness, a few* more facts concerning the country may not be uninteresting. It is generally believed because Montana is situated among the Rocky Mountains that it must necessarily be sterile and cold, and thereby untit for the residence of civilized people. This belief is not war ranted by the facts. In the first place the climate is far preferable to that of Pennsyl vania, and is delightful and healthful in the extreme. No case of consumption has origi nated here. The lightness of the fresh, pure air, always invigorating, and inducing cheer fulness of mind and strength of body, pre clude any natural tendency to the common ills of life. So mild is the atmosphere of Mon tana for eight months of the year, that trav elers sleep under an only blanket on the ground, and experience no inconvenience from wet or cold. Only a short time ago, while on an official tour of duty, and having a portiou of my family with me, my two daughters slept on tlie ground under a tent, in the month of May, while I preferred my wolf robe outside, with the heavens for my canopy. It is impossible, I suppose, to convey to you the effect upon the human sys tem of u climate such as this, at the altitude of some four thousand feet above the sea. Ever exhileraling and ever free from any impurities, the atmosphere animates the body in such a manner that it is all aglow with magnetic vigor, rendering it capable ot with standing the severest tests of physical or mental labor. Even the animals catch the inspiration, und it requires a strong bit and u steady rein to hold the eager race-horse as he snuffs the breeze for a "square start." To i this inagiietism may be ascribed tlie wonder ful increase of thé flock, both in the cattle j and sheep of Montana. Setting aside ns it does the known laws of physiology which govern them elsewhere, this climat«* works wonders to both man and beast, and furnishes all the element tor the fulfillment of the com mand which required tin* "old settlers to "multiply and replenish the earth. ( attic, sheep and horses are raised here t<> great profit; they require no feeding ilu* whole year round, and subset to fatness on the nu trieious bunch grass of the foot hills. Farming and stock raising are the most profitable pursuits, yet fortunes lis.ve been made here in a day in the gold mine;'. The export of gold from .Montana in lev vears has been over nimty->evcn million'* of dollars, and this year wiil add anntlvr live millions to the count. The gold mines are held by well-to-do people and are not eonsoli dated into great companies as in California. The placer mines already opened in Montan;; will he worked for tiltv years to come, am: as many more gold fields in quartz and placer will yet he found as will furnish all the hard cash required to turn the wheels of govern ment irom one centennial to another, l lu silver ores only lately developed are being shipped as far away as Swansea, in Wales, and Jersey City, Chicago, San Francisco and elsewhere for smelting and coinage. These ores of silver and gold lie in all the moun tains of Montana, covering a much greab area than the coal fielt !> of Pennsylvania, and far more valuable. The yield is inex haustible, for the bottom of a quartz lode lias never yet been found. Silver quartz ore is worth here at its assessed value from twenty to two hundred dollars per ton, ami wheu shipped to its destination for refinement separation it yields from two hundred to a thousand dollars per ton. The gold quartz ore is more valuable per ton, but is only found in narrow veins. A miner here for a day's work gets one ton of quartz, worth at the lowest price twenty dollars per ton, while his day's work in a coal hank in Pennsylvania is worth, say eight dollars; the difference is striking. Quartz lodes are not held like coal fields ^ in Pennsylvania, in large bodies and by rich corporations. They belong here to the dis coverer, who with pick and shovel lays claim to all in sight. If it were possible for a rail road to reach Montana in a day, a thousand quartz lodes would spring at once into active operation, and the impetus thus given by cheap transportation would lead to the dis covery of as many more. We have no strikes here, except ricli ones in gold. The miner is master of the situation and lord of the soil, owner, proprietor, everything, and a man for all that. As the city of Helena has just been inaue the Capital of the Territory, the spring wiK open with an increased tiadeforher eater prising citizens, and building aud improve ments will then be the order of the day. Al ready the city feels the effect of the coming Capital and many fine, first-class buildings, public and private, are built, and in process of construction. Congress has ordered the construction of a United States assay office at this place, and appropriated fifty thousand dollars for its construction and as much more for labor and salaries. The Catholics are building a beautiful church, one hundred feet long by forty feet wide. The Presbyterians are also building a fine church, and the county is putting up a fine jail. Already the city is blessed with three churches, two Methodist and one Catholic. By the first of May next the new Capitol will be in full blast, and bus iness for the year fully begun. Daily laborers get three dollars per day, brick layers, masons, plasters, carpenters, painter«*, blacksmiths, shoemakers, and all skilled workmen make from five to seven dol lars per day. Good board seven dollars per week. The paymaster everywhere is "rash down." , j . - in fifteen miles of Helena bituminous in char acter and burns as freely as our Pitsburgh coal without clinkers. I use it now in an open grate—probably the first coal-burning grate In the Territory. Now that we have coal Of excellent quality, other things must necessarily follow, such as miners, coke burners, gas-w orks, and all else, for the make up a large city, which Helena (only now* a few thousand people) is destined soon to be. Therc is an abundance of the best pine sawed timber at from twenty \o forty dollars per thousand. The Territory, now' self-sus taining. only a few years ago was supplied altogether from the States w ith everything re quired, even down to good cats, a cargo of which met with quick sales at fabulous pn35E during the early times. Last year there was an over product in the Territory of the cer eals and root crops, and now we are living upon the fat of tlie land at prices for the sub stantial» not above those in Pittsburgh. Al though out of the way of the many luxuries, and beyond the harmonizing influences of old friends and home associations, still the good health vouchafcd to us all compensates for all discomforts, and, happy for the pres ent, we wait for the other blessings which a railroad will bring us in the future. Very respectfully, R. C. WALKER. To the Holder» of Ticket» to the (ii'aoil (■III Concert of the 3fn«oni© Relief .%» Moelatlon of Norfolk, Va. Office of the Masonic Relief) Association of Norfolk, Ya., - Norfolk, November 18,1874.) The Board of Directors of this Association, feeling assured that the patrons of their en terprise and the public generally are satisfied that in its management the interests of all concerned will be strictly guarded, with hon esty and fairness; and relying upon the belief that all who have aided us in our effort to complete the Masonic Temple in this city arc willing to rely upon our judgment * as to th*: expediency of another postponement for a few days, notwithstanding our announcement that the Concert would positively be given on the 19th inst., have decided that a short delay will lie more satisfactory to all holders of tickets than to have a partial drawing ou Thursday next. The following reasons have induced to this action: First—While our receipts have been large, the}* have not been of suflicient amount to en able us to give a full drawing. Second—A drawing on the 19th inst. would not yield enough to accomplish the object for which our Association w r as organized and chartered; and Third—! lie encouragement which we have received convinces us that in forty days more we shall, without any failure, give a drawing which in its results will lie acceptable to all our friends. We have therefore fixed upon Tuesday, December, 2!Hh, as the «Lay when the Concert and distribution will take place, whether all the tickets are sold or not, or the money will he refunded upon application and presenta tion of the tickets at the Agency where pur chased. ity order of the Board of Directors. HENRY Y. MooRE, heeretarv.