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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
S. E. FISK,..........................Editor. THI USDAV, Y1AHCII 2Ö, 1816. TRASKPORTATIOX VIA A. P. B. R. AXI» NINSOl'KI RIVER. Of Int c certain report« have beeu flitting about Montana to the effect that the Northern Pacific Railroad authorities comtemplated the abandonment of the Western Division of their road, reaching from the Ke<l River of the North to Bismarck. One report went so far as to say that thi« matter, improbable as it might appear to the well informed, had been definitely determined upon, and that the coin ing spring would witness the "disestablish ment" of that part of the great highway com pleted and in operation across Dakota. The ties, rails, and other material, thus taken from ihe Western Division of the road, were,* it was said, to lie moved back into Minnesota, and used in the construction of branch roads operating as feeders, through certain agricul tural sections of the State, to the main line having for its western terminus the valley of the Red River of the North. These reports were calculated to seriously affect not only the Northern Pacific in connection with its Northwestern transportation interests, but liable to injure not inconsiderably the inter ests of the merchants and other shippers ot this Territory. With this view, and in behalf of numbers of citizens of this and other towns of Montana, who desired correct information in reference to the reports iir circulation, Colonel Yiall telegraphed the railroad author ities at headquarters in New York, stating the case, and suggesting the importance of an early reply. The following was promptly returned, reaching here last evening: New York, March 10, 1875. To CoL J. A. Viall, Helena, M. T. : The report is malicious and false. The Company a arrangements and facilities are made for large increase ,,t Montana business this summer, and will hare two lines of steamers on the Missouri^ President Northern Pacific Railroad Co. This pretty thoroughly explodes the re ports of which we have stated the substance. We are very glad of the opportunity thus presented to flatly contradict them, and place the Northern Pacific Railroad and transpor tation by that route in a proper light before the public. In addition to what in the fore going dispatch is stated by President Cass, we call attention to the proceedings had by the Northern Pacific Company at their meet ing in New Y'ork yesterday, of which a re port will be found in our telegraphic columns. The proceedings reflected by this report of the Associated Press indicate anything but a disposition or thought on the part of the rail road authorities to abandon any part of their line. Confidence, confirmed by time and in vestigation, is expressed in the merits and final success of the road, and with the aid of the bondholders expectations arc in dulged of the early resumption of the work of construction. If the extension of the road in the near future west to Montana was as certain as the permanent operation of the completed portion of the line, with its pres ent terminus on the Missouri, we should have cause, with all our people, to greatly rejoice. May good fortune attend the company in efforts to prosecute the building of the line westward to our doors. ©ME IN MANY. A private dispatch from Washington last evening announced the appointment and con firmation of John E. Blaine ns one of the nine additional paymasters of the United States army provided for in the army bill passed at the recent session of Congress. For these nine paymasterships there were be tween three and four hundred appli,cfttit8, and the disappointed ones arc doubtless very plentiful about Washington just now. Mr. B)ainc is an accomplished accountant and' has the highest qualifications for the office to which he has been appointed. He Bas been busy to-day receiving the congratulations of his many friends in this city. FOFR OF THE GREATEST SIF.Ä. In a political sermon preached sometime since by the Rev. James Freeman Clarke, of Boston, he said : "The four greatest men this country has produced, are, I think, Wash ington, Franklin, Jefferson, and Lincoln. Of these, Jefferson was the great genius, Frankliu the greatest intellect, Lincoln the most marked product of American institu tions, and Washington the greatest character. In the greatest storm which drove the vessel containing the Apostle Paul en the shore of Malta, we are told that the mariners 'cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for day.' Our four anchors, holding us fast from behind, are the examples and teachings of Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, and Abra ham Lincoln. The first represents virtue in politics ; the second, good sense in pojitjes ; the third, democracy in politics ; the fourth, humanity in politics. Let us reverence these great examples, holding us firm to a noble past, and so saving us for a belter future. With four such illustrious lives a« these to reverence, to study and to follow, we may feel that in the most stormy hours, and the darkest nights, we may hold safe l»y these anchors 'and wish for day.'" The contributions of wheat from Uie United States to the bread supply of Great Britain in 1874 constituted 55 per cent, of the whole imports, and those of Russia 13 per cent.' The aggregate export of wheat and flour from the United States to Groat Britain du ring the year exceeds an equivalent of 52, 000,000 bushels. LAWS VIOLATED AMD NOT ENFORCED. To the Editor of the Herald. Grave judges and earnest jurors spend weeks, at great expense to our several coun ties, trying persons for violating some por tions of our statute laws, while other portions of equal force and authority are violated with impuriit}', and remain as it were a dead letter on our statute books. For instance: Sec. 145, page 303, Codified statutes, pro hibits the sale of intoxicating liquors to In dians or half-breeds. Sec. 156, page 305, prohibits the sale of liquors to soldiers. Sec. 2, page 541, compels persons cutting ditches across public roads to bridge the same in a safe, strong and substantial manner, to be submitted to the approval of the County Commissioners. Sec. 1, page 66, Laws of Extraordinary Session, prohibits killing game between the first day of February and the fifteenth day of July in each year. Sec. 2, page 66, prohibits killing grouse, prairie chickens, &c., between the first day of March and the fifteenth day of July in each year. Sec. 3, page 67, prohibits killing any par tridge, quail or singing bird before the 1st day of May, 1876. All the above laws are now' being violated throughout our Territory every day. Indians get liquor all along our frontiers, and sometimes in Helena : half-breeds wher ever it is sold ; soldiers the same. There is hardly a ditch across a public road in this county that has a good safe bridge, and none are submitted to the County Com missioners for approval. Game is killed by the hundreds for their skins alone, the meat left to rot on the ground. Two men are reported to have killed over a hundred antelope lately, in four days, near the mouth of the Dearborn river. One man is reported to have killed, among other game, over eighty moose last summer in Meagher county, taking only the skins. Two men from Gallatin county are hunting near Bird Tail, and think our Assessor has a good deal of cheek to ask them to list their horses. Grouse and other game birds are not only killed by settlers, but by some who helped to make the law, and by the officers at our mili tary posts, who often go out on purpose, and who of all men arc supposed to be honorable and law abiding. By calling the attention of officers of the law and law breakers to the above sections from our statute books, may be the means of haring them more respected. PROMPTER. ----------- > 4 » <4 ------- PhilipsburR. Those who so desire can step into the First National Bank of this city and see the 14 bars of silver, aggregating 210 pounds, avor dupois, and 940 fine, which arrived from Philipsburg on Wednesday. This silver is the first shipment from the Cole Saunders mill, but, from what wc can learn, regular shipments will follow. The mill has been, and still is, working on ore from the Speckled Trout, owned by the Northwest Co., which company, we learn, has a bonanza of con sidererable magnitude in sight in this lead. J. K. Pardee, the able Superintendent of the Northwest Company, is prosecuting the work vigorously iu the Trout, and wc shall look for good returns right along. Cole Saunders is now purchasing supplies to open the Poca hontas mine, the ore from which assays about $10Q per ton. The Gem lode, owned by Messrs. Irvine, of Deer Lodge, has been opened with an 80 foot shaft, and shows two feet of $175 ore. They will shortly increase the force on this lead. The Burr lode, owned by Henry Schnepel, shows one foot of good ore. The Bell Flower, owned by Coyle A McMullen, is another promising lode. The Franklin is also being opened by Merrill & Co., and arrangements are being consummated to open Mr. Saunders' ground on the Speckled Trout. These different enterprises add solid pros perity to Philipsburg, and while all now re joice over its bright prospects, the few san gfaine ones who have stayed by the camp during all these years, now exclaim, "Didn't I tell you so?" The successful operations of the Cole Saunders mill has created a market for ores and stimulates developments and further prospecting,. This mill was erected by Capt. Geo. Plaistcd, at a cost of $20,000. In another issue we will give a description of this mill, as it is called a "model" by ex perts. The present lot of silver bars bears testimony to the worth of the mill, as well as the ore worked. A Washington special says of Senator Booth's speech on the Hawaiian treaty: "He captured the Senate as an orator, and demonstrated how he had made such a suc cess upon the stump in his State. He is a rery fluent speaker and reminds one in his ease of expression and tendency to orateness, of Matt Carpenter in his palmy days. His voice is clear and musical, and his action is very graceful. One Republican Senator, in speaking of him .to-night, says he will be the successor of Matt.Carpenter in capturing the galleries. Whenever he rises to address the Senate in open session he will be sure of a good audience. He showed himself well calculated to take his position as a leader in the independent wing of the Senate. He is just the style of u man to become very popu lar, and as he has a good record thtre is no knowing to what height lie may attain in the political field of the East." The only charm March has is in the trani l>osition of its letters. LETTER FROM THE BRITISH NORTH. WEST TERRITORY'. Justice Across the Line— Sumuinry Ar rest. Conviction, and Imprisonment of J. D. Weatherwax—Property Confis cated—Victory for the British Lion. Fort Macleod, B. N. W. T.,> Feb. 16, 1875. > To the Editor of the Herald : Hurrah for our side ! In the language of a celebrated English General, "We have met the enemy, and they are ours." Complaint was made last fall against Wet zel, Weatherwax and Berry for selling iiquor to Indians. We have had our Yankee de tectives shadowing them ever since, Wetzel at Benton, Weatherwax on Old Man's river, and Berry on Bow* river. On February 1st wo loads of robes were driven into Weatherwax's Fort. We seized them at once as property of Dick Berry. Old J. D. was foolish enough to protest, on the ground that he had purchased them from Berry. We hauled tho robes home and stored them in the warehouse of "Conrad, Victoria & Co.," and on the 9th of the month another load arrived to meet the same fate. On February 15th an examination was had at our headquarters, J. D. Weatherwax, of the Deft*., only being present, when a small amount of testi mony was produced to the effect that Berry had traded whisky contrary to law, that he bought his goods of Wetzel & Co., and had sold them his robes. This was enough. Berry had not been caught, but had actually passed within rifle shot of our fort on his way south only a few days after a detach ment had been sent north to arrest him ; and, if caught, he had no robes or money, hence Weatherwax was very properly and justly condemned and found guilty of selling whis ky to Dick Berry, and sentenced to six months imprisonment and to pay a fine of $500, and his robes purchased from Slippery Dick to the number of 700 were confiscated to the Crown, and old J. D., the chief of all the smugglers and desperadoes of the great Northwes was locked up in jail, while the Union Jacic floats triumphantly from the butt end of a broken lodge pole over his place of solidary confinement. At Fort Benton we laid the programme, and at Fort Macleod we consummated it. Edw. Smith was arrested and tried, and al though much more was proven against him than was ever proven against "Slippery Dick," yet he was only fined $300, add no robes confiscated, yet it is know n to all that he has a vast amount of w hisky robes in his possession, and has also sold several hundred to a certain trader not a thousand miles from these headquarters. Policy in war as well as in peace dictates to us that such is the wisest action for us in his extreme case. Other plots in which the Wetzel and Weatherwax firm will figure conspicuously will soon be uncovered, and many new and interesting developments will ho made. Weatherwax is all the time growling about illegal and arbitrary proceedings, and threat ens to bring the matter before his Govern ment. What do we care for his Government? They can't reverse our decision, and they can't send troops to this distant region, for we had all we could do to get here ourselves. The conclusive result is that at the expiration of his sentence he will leave the country at once, and we will be glad when he has gone. Yours, respectfully, N. W. M. P. REPORTED SPECIALLY FOR THE. HERALD WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. TELEGRAMS BY Flood. Port Deposit, Md., March 19.—The flood here is fearful. The water is from 5 to 15 feet in the streets, and nothing like it was ever seen before. Nearly the whole town is flooded and the destruction to property is great, but no lives have been lost so far. The railroad depot is full of water, aua the telegraph operators were obliged to abandon the office last night in a boat. At Havre «le Grace the ice has gorged about five miles below the town, and the wharves are flooded. The street next to the river above the bridge is completely blockaded with ice. wood and lumber, washed from the wharves. The river has fallen three feet since this morning. Wileebdaerr, Pa., March 18.—The river is falling slowly this afternoon, and is now nearly two feet below yesterday. For five miles below here the ice is jammed in a solid mass. The depot at Lehigh Valley, Ken tucky, and about twenty houses were flooded. At Fort Little, below, and on the other side of the river from Plainville, tlie ice piled up and turned the water out, A channel was cut through the cemetery, flooding the flats and rushing down through the main streets of Kingston, badly frightening the people. Fences and trees were swept away, and a large barn that had withheld the floods for many years was carried off. All the tele graph poles on the flats were carried off. Great fears are felt at Kingston lest another rise will carry the water through the channel formed through the cemetery, and come down on the town, in which event the loss will be very great. It will take ten days to clear the Lehigh railroad office of ice should the water fall, and then be o further rise. Columbia, Pa,, March 18.—The ice in the Susquehanna here begun running out this afternoon. At 8 o'clock this evening it car ried away the winding bridge of the tide water canal, at Wrigbtsviile, and moved a pier of the Columbia bridge, rendering it im passable for trains. The ice and water done considerable damage to the Pennsylvania railroad track west of here. The ice piled on the track, delaying trains and cutting down telegraph poles. At Marietta the tow path canal was tore out, and a number of boats stranded on the Pennsylvania Railroad Company's tracks. The loss by the ice and flood at Marietta is very heavy. Many rafts were swept away. I Harrisburg, Pa., March 19.—The reports of the damage to the lines of the Pennsyl- vania Railroad Company by ice were much exaggerated. There was no delay of trains except on the river line between Columbia and Middletown. - ^ —4 **■ m ---- Meeting; of the Northern Pacifie Railroad Bondholders. New York, March 19.—A numerously at tended meeting of the bondholders of the Northern Pacific Railroad was held here yes terday. An encouraging statement from President Cass was received, and after con siderable discussion the following preamble and resolution were adopted : Whereas, The Board of Directors of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company have expressed confidence, confirmed by time and investifiation, in the great merits and final success of the Northern Pacific Railroad, in the most extended meaning of these words; and, whereas, said Board has reported to this meeting that in their judgment the earnest and efficient aid and support of the bond holders is essential to the early resumption of the work of construction, and that with such aid and support as the bondholders can wisely and safely give, it is possible to pro ceed with the work of construction at an early day ; therefore, be it Revolved, That the Chairman of this meet- ing appoint a committee of seven to confer with the Directors of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company in regard to its manage- ment, and present and future interests of the bondholders, and that they report at some future meeting. ------ — «4 4- «■»— - The Postal Law. Washington, March 15.—Postmaster Gen eral Jewell says it is impracticable to enforce modified postage on transient printed matter, as thousands of tons were in the mail before the change of the law was discovered. Iu the meantime care should be taken to iniorm the public that newspapers, except when pre paid regularly by the office of publication, is one cent per ounce. Chicago, March 18.—A Washington spe- cial says : The express company gouge in the new postal law is creating a good deal of annoyance throughout the country. This law will be repealed among the first acts of the next Cengress. The Postmaster General, in view' of the increased rate of postage on transcicnt newspapers, and in order to afford the people in all parts of the country an op- portunity to become familiar with the new law, suspends its operation in this particular until April 1st, when he will rigidly enforce it, and all newspapers will be detained if in- sufficiently prepaid. An order to the above effect will be issued by the Postmaster General to the postmasters. The action of the Post- master General is adsolutely necessary to pre- vent the flooding of the post offices with in- sufficiently paid newspapers. The Depart- ment is still in receipt of complaints of this embarrassment ----------M 4W^ ' Fearful Know Ntorm. Chicago, March 18.— The dispatches re port a fearful snow storm yesterday through out Iowa and Minnesota, stopping railroad trains and causing great inconvenience and delay to travel of all description. A St. Paul dispatch says : All the railroads have been blockaded since Monday night, and the tele graph has been the only means of communi cation with the outside world. Chicago, March 19.—Dispatches from var- ious parts of Iowa show a heavy snow and high wind all daj\ It began to snow here at 7 p. m. and still continues, drifting badly. ---- I—• ->■4^»»»» mm ------- Failures. New Y'ork, March 19.— Tke failure of Gross, Marsh A Co., tea and coffee merchants at No. 99 Wall street, is announced. The firm had been in business for thirty-five years and always stood well, but the receat shrink age in the price of teas, disturbance from the tariff discussioa, and the fluctuation in gold, carried them down. Well authenticated re ports place their liabilities at not less than $500,000, while the total assests are estimated at $350,000. Another account says the liabili ties are nearer $600,000, on which the firm offer sixty per cent. Chicago, March 18.—Barclay, Voorhees A Go., a small firm of bankers, suspended to day. Liabilities, $100,000; assets said to be more than enough to cover the liabilities, but they are mainly in real estate. Baltimore, March 18.—The failure of Hooper, Reese A Co., bankers and brokers, is announced. Cause, short on gold. -...... — 11 — 11 »^----- Criminal Affairs. Cincinnati, March 18.—Andreas Egner was to-daj T convicted for the murder of Her man Schilling last fall. This is what is known as the tan yard murder. Chicago, March 18.— Theodore Maliuski, husband of the woman and children found poisoned on Tuesday, was held by the Coro ner s jury to-day without bail, to await further investigation. New York, March 19.—Wm. Cunningham, a resident of this city, was arrested to-day charged with conspiring to assassinate his wife. II« was surrendered by the party whom he had hired to kill his wife, agreeing to pay one thousand dollars for it. Washington, March 18.—Geo. M. Emer son, alias Col. F. W. Fenton, was arrested on a charge of attempt to swindle. He had been scattering circulars announcing that the Bounty bill had become a law, and if claim ants would forward word of their service and a small retaining fee they would be secured this bounty. Answers to the circular, with the required ten cents, were just beginning to be received. REPORT -OK— RECEIPTS -AND expenditures -OK LEWIS & CLARKE CO, HBSTiNA TKUR1TOKV, FROM MARCH 1, 1HÏ4, TO MARCH 1, 1H7.Ï. t'UHK's Office, Lewis and Clarke Co., ) Helena, Montana, Mnrch 1, 1S75. ) To the Honorable Board of County Commissioner*; : Gentlemen—I n compliance with your order made January 4th, 1875,1 herewith submit report of accounts allowed Against the county, and statement of receipts and disbursements from March 1, 1S74 to March 1, 1875,.together with a statement of the county indebt edness on the 1st day of March, 1875. ACCOUNTS ALLOWED DURING THE * ING FEBRUARY 28, 1S75. 1874. March 2. do do do do do do do do do do do do ♦to do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do March 3. do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do do March 4. do do Deter Spurgin, for removing car cass, C. ¥., ........ James E. Callaway, for copies of laws, C. F. f '........ Dr. Thos. Reese, Coroner, for sei vices rendered,...... Dr. Thomas Reece, Coroner, medical treatment lor pris oners, ........ Thomas Williams, sawing wood for Court House......... W. H. Robinson, moving stoves in Court House,---- ---- Duke Dutrieuillc, removing car cass, .... ____ Wm. H. Patterson, ice furnished Court House,____ ____ Henry Addoras, interviewing property holders on Bridge street, and making report thereof,____ — Helena Herald, county printing, do do do do Jake Feldberg, merchandise ior county, C. F.,____ ____ Con Stapleton, constable, sers - ices rendered,.... ____ N. G. Toby, constable, for serv ices rendered,____ ____ do do do do J. K. Toole, District Attorney, for services rendered,..... O. B. Totten, J. P., for services rendered............ St. John's Hospital, for taking care of county poor and insane, P. P.,.......... J. K. Toole, District Attorney, for services rendered,.....!. Dr. J. S. GJick, contracting phy sician for county hospital... D. Hammond, witness, .. t). D. Freed, de» T. M. Shaw, do .. J. Concannon. do E. R. Dean, do .. B. McDare. do .. . K. McVicker. do Thos. Purcoii. do .. O. Jump, do Chas. Jackson, do .. Richard Pue, do F. II. Andersen, do J. H. Copp, do Chas. Page!-, do Henry Woodward, juror, .. h T. Parkinson. do .. W. II. Parkinson, do R. II. Wilson, do .. Edw. Delano, do P. T. Williams, do .. Con Stapleton, Constable, for services rendered....... Davis «fc W'allacc, merchandise for county,........... Hartwell & Co., merchandise for county, C. F.,... .... N. Hilger, P. J., for services ren dered, .... ........ N. Hilger, P. J., lor sendees ren dered, .... ........ J. K. Toole, District Attorney, services rendered,........ D. Freiler, witness,.... — K. Freiler, do — L. Lieneman, do — C. Schmidt, do — A. Kraus man, do — Wm. Haris, do — Wm. Bush, do — M. N.Armitage,do .... Wm. Laren, do — J. Bryan, do ---- T, Woods, do — M. G. Chase, do — Levi Larkin, do — Wm.|Baeeete, do — M.'Austin, do — W. T. McFarland, juror,....... Jno. Fessenden, do ...... Geo. Booker, do ....... Mat. Carroll, do ....... Hugo Freiler, witness. Tom Charles. do Chan. F. Willie, do Charley Sing, interpreter...... Ah Hing, witness,........ Henry Lorry, do ...... David Bush, do ...... Moses Moore, juror,... II. II. Pärchen, «Io ____ Dr. J. S. Glick, do ____ Henry Woodward, witness,.... Masson a Bullard, do ____ T. J. Lowry, do .... Helena Water Co., for water fur nished court house and jail,. 3. C. Ashby, Assessor, services rendered, C. F„ — Seth Bullock, Sheriff, ior servic :ar END S ï W» 57 60 20 00 50 00 « oo i oo 10 00 1 17 2ft 00 45 0O 216 00 U 0O 61 00 6 20 50 60 14 80 <'i0 0O •»6 00 J,2O0 tit) 20 00 ::t)0 00 6 00 n 20 6 20 « 20 6 20 6 20 6 20 6 20 5 00 12 40 y. 00 ;; oo 3 oo oo a oo a oo a oo a oo a oo a «mi ! •( oo I 45 10 IN) 208 5ft 23 00 00 00 a oo a oo a oo .t oo a oo a oo a ot» a oo a ou 3 00 a uu . ; uo oo a Oo 3 Oo :: oo a oo 3 Oil a oo a oo a oo a ou a oo a oo a oo a oo a oo 3 0t) a oo a oo a oo a oo l% oo es rendered,.... ...... «In C. W. Carpenter, School Super intendent, for services rcu dered,____ — * 'J do Aies. II. Beattie, clerk ol the court, for services rendered .rJi- fto rch 5. Con Stapleton, constable, servie ca rendered, — ...... » • do Richard Lockey, J. P., for serv ices rendered,.... .... r 90 do X. G. Toby, constable, for sew ices rendered,..... — 2 bn d«* E. G. McKieruan, witness,..... :i OO do Helena Herald, for county print ing, C. F.,.......... «Jt » do Harry R. Comly, for services reu dered as referee..... di» W. F. Sanders, for costs paid in case of Meagher county \>. Hall A Kratzer, C. F ........ 20 UO do Moses Moore, County Commis sioner, for servîtes rendered. 50 r>v do II. M. Pärchen, Co. Commission er, for services rendered,____ James Fergus. Co. Commission Ul 00 do er, for services rendered,____ 70 (1ft do John N. Heldt. Co. Clerk, for services rendered,........ 200 no ie l. James E. Callaway, for copies <»i law s,____ — 5 ftft do Dr. Jno. S. Ulick, for cettiiicato of insanitv, — ....... 'j:\ go do O. B. Tottcs, J. I*., for services rendered,.... .... i * 1» » do W. P. Burcher, J. P. for service rendered,........ do James F. Porter, witness..... 20 do Berkley Largeut. do ____ W T . B. Shanks, do J 20 do 2o do Jno. Largert, do ____ 20 do W. K. Lard, do ____ do Jos. S. Hill, ... ..... ; 20 do Chas. D. Hard. do .; 2o do Jos. S. Hill, do — 20 do Jas. Delan. do — > do Berkley I Argent, d«* .... ;; '.s* i