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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
E. E. FISK,............ ............. Eâitor. TH 1 KS DA V, APRIL 8, 1815. RIIEREAH. The Territorial press teems just now with "whereases." They are the burden of the popular expression. In camp and city, wher ever men look at their own interests or strive to fulfill their personal and public responsi bilities, they begin a recital. It is of oppor tunities uniniprovc !, prospects disappointed, hopes not fulfilled. It speaks of material resources, magnificent but not available; of the difficulties to be. surmounted, and the re ward to ')'• reaped. It is an (»Id story. Many recite it with an unction as if it were new. This universal turning of the public attention to the difficulties which environ ouf settle ment is at least a hopeful sign of the times. That it wiil ultimate in relief we cordially hope. It is three years since the people be gan to perceive the situation and agitate vari ous methods of relief. Some have hoped for relief without from others; some have hoped for relief without corresponding effort oh our own part. All agree that a railroad is our only remedy, and all seem to agree that if wc could procure one certain relief would fol low. Heretofore the agitation of the subject has revealed fatal differences of opinion. The matter of local prejudice has operated to briug to nought all schemes looking to the construction of a road. 'The whole'matter is now being discussed, and lias always hereto fore been discussed, as if Montana had but to agree and the construction of the road Was certain. We do not so regard it The asses sable value of property in this Territory pre scribes a certain limit to the amount of the aid we can render. The mere printing, sign ing and delivery of paper bonds is easy, but the value of our aid cannot be wholly deter minable by the number of the bonds or the size of the figures thereon. There must be a certain relation to the amount promised to the amount of taxable property assessable to pay the bonds. Nor can we afford to dis regard this rule, because it is unquestionably true that a railroad would resurrect proper-; ties now of no value and make them con-, tribute to the burdens of taxation. While this is unquestionably true, and that too to a larger degree than in any country wc know, still it is not accepted by strangers às a cer tain security on which to advance funds in' large sums for public enterprises;Two or three million dollais is it large sum to vote to' a railroad relying lor its paymetit 'oh'an'* as sessable valuation of . less than-Tcn 'million; We do not feel sanguine that With bur uhitédi efforts we shall succeed in getttufe A'rÖäd,] but certainly great is the need therddf. Hut our eff orts will probably not be united." There is much talk indeed of unselfishness ih this* matter, and many fair speeches canbc heard. One would almost think from these that the whole matter was about to be determined by business considerations. Let us seethe pros pects. The agitation lias thus far developed seven enterprises, as follows : 1st. A road from Carroll to Helena. 2d. A road from the falls of the Missouri to Helena, with a continuation to Bozeman. od. A road from Cheyenne via Bozeman to Helena. 4th. A road from Bismarck to the settle ments in Montana. 5th. A road from Ogden, Corinne, ivelton or Evanston, via Medicine Lodge Pass or Pleasant valley to Beaverhead valley. 6th. A road from same places and by same route to Helena. 7th. A road from one of same places via Henry's Lake, Gallatin, to Helena and Deer Lodge. Each of these roads it is proposed shall be three feet of gauge. We do not set down in this list the proposal to aid and secure the Northern Pacific Road, fdr'reasons wiiich we may state in a separate article at some future day. We prefer now to state some view's which these seven enterprises suggest. The first and second enterprises mentioned have warm friends, and would be of some value to all portions of the Territory for about six mouths in the year, but their chief value would be local, aud if built should be by the easterly settled counties more exclusively interested in them. That one or both of these roads will be constructed in the near future we do not doubt. The Cheyenne, Bozeman and Helena road has objections in the distance, which, not withstanding what interested voters may say about it, we thiuk wifi exceed six hundred miles, it may be there are no high moun tains to cross, but to avoid them somcjcon siderable detours will be necessary. Once at Cheyenne, we would have the choice of two routes, and possibly- competition, although wc think the Denver road is controlled by the Union Pacific. This road would be on the line toward 8t. Louis, which is possibly our chief Source of Supply. It would open up a good grass and agricultural country, and probably some excellent mines. It would in volve an abrogation of the Crow reservation, and possibly some of that, of the Sioux, neither of which are the work of a day. We consider the construction of a narrow gauge road from here to Bismarck not advis able under the conditions which surround us. It is 656 miles from -our principal town, by way of Bozeman, and about 595 miles by the way of Sixteen Mile creek. " The route is on the lands of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and the ultimate completion of that road—a consummation which a dozen years will cer tainly witness—would wholly supercede its use and that corporation would be able to prevent its operation as a competing road. We cannot think this enterprise one that will commend itself to the shrewd business sense of our people. The road from some town on the complet ed trans-continental railroad to a point in the Beaverhead valley, has many advocates, and is worthy of consideration. By leaving the southern terminus uncertain as we have indi cated, it might result in competition between the two roads which connect at Ogden aud lead them both into a struggle to control it by putting up credit or money. Our interest is to have the road deflect at Ogden, while the eastern road would prefer Evanston and the western one Ivelton, that both roads might levy tribute on Montana tonnage. As wc do not think it will be very easy to secure money for such a road in view of the tightness of the money market and the distrust engendered by hostile legislation, it might assist materially to give the company an opportunity to nego tiate with reference to its southern terminus. Wc say and concede this with regret, and only because wc do not consider success as sured with the aid wc shall give. Another objection to this enterprise is in the character of the northern terminus proposed. When monied men are asked to put their money in a road, they naturally enquire as to the points between which it is to run, and would not be greatly encouraged by being told that its ter minus was in a prairie. Of course, this road Î3 worthy to be considered, aud if construct ed the counties of Beaverhead aud Madison shouid contribute onc-third the subsidy, which they might be willing to do, and the reasons given for so impotent a termination are un satisfactory. The road from one of the tame places, by the same route, to Helena, has advantages of fairness which the other last named has not, and w'ould probably be more cordially sup ported. Wc suppose this road to be 475 miles long, if it deflected to accommate the various counties, as it would. Its misfortune is that it docs not wholly accommodate Deer Lodge and Missoula, although it does much bet ter than the Beaverhead terminus. Lewis and Clarke county pays twenty-seven per cent, of the entire Territorial tax and would have ten miles of road within her borders.. The seventh road spoken of, frum Utah to Deer Lodge, accommodates every county but Beaverhead; which must be taken care of by a is brauch if this selected. It w ill be about the same length as the road last named, according to the most exact information extant. It will open the National Park to visitors. It will lmvo" advtkutcigco of giojv »»lltCll 110 OtllOr route has. It 1 will be in a timbered country much of the way, with no range of difficulty except the one near Sterling. We thiuk these enterprises may all be con sidered fairly in the field. Wc are ready to add such others as discussion shall evolve, and of these we trust thé most speedy, cheap est and shortest practicable route bringing re lief will be recommended. Our own advices from the Northern Pa cific indicate that some of its friends are hope ful, and we trust there is cause. There are some advantages in a southerly connection, as it would make our communication easy to the mining centres of the country. Mining is our chicfest industry. But wc must have that railroad. No matter which way they let us out of the country, it will lift the incubus under which wc labor. A SIGNIFICANT PIECE OF EVIDENCE. It appears that during the examination of Sam, Wilkesou, in the Beechcr-Tilton trial, the objections of couusel for the plaintiff ex cluded a very important part of the testimony. The witness was relating how* on a certain occasion Tilton had boasted of a great serv ice done by him to Beecher, in soliciting a command for Harry Beecher in the regular army. Tilton detailed his proceedings. En larged upon his resolute friendship in appeal ing to Secretary of War Cameron. Told him he had introduced himself at a conference of State Governors held in the Secietary's house; how he had ingratiated himself with all pres ent, how he had told his best stories, uttered his smartest sayings, and how finally he had completely captured Cameron, and obtained his request. Now on the examination this was all that was allowed to be stated; but it has come to light that t|je point of Wilkeson's story was suppressed by Tilton's counsel, the fact of the matter being that Wilkeson was himself the mail w ho went to Cameron and got the appointment for young Beecher. He had told the story to Tilton, and the latter, with the instincts of a gifted liar, had gone about telling it of himself until he really came to believe that he was the genuine hero, and finally brought it back in its distorted shape to the man lie had stolen it from. It is evi dent that if the whole of the story had come out it would have had a powerful effect on the jury, for a person capable of such syste matic and impudent as wrell as reckless lying certainly could not be believed upon oath, supposing him interested. Iowa spent $4,429,879 16 for schools last year, of which $2,444,886 04 were paid to teachers. There are 3,219 school districts in the State, and 16,993 teachers; of this num ber of teachers 6,280 are males. The average length of schools was 7:75 months. Average wages of males,' $36 38 per month ; females, $28 01, Ninety-two normal institutes were held, with nu average attendance of 6,774. Two subterranean tank6, filled with 60,000 gallons of grape brandy, were recently seized by the revenue officers at Los Angeles, Cali fornia. CONNECTICUT ELECTION. The election in Connecticut transpired on Monday last. The returns already at hand are sufficient to indicate the result. They do not essentially differ from calculations made by the Herald a week ago. The Demo crats have re-elected lngersoll Governor by some thousand votes. They have probably secured, as in the two years past, a majority in both branches of the Legislature. They have also returned three of the four Congress men—a gain of two members. The vote thrown was unusually large. With 35 tow ns to hear from, lngersoll is credited with 50,895, and Greene, his Repub lican competitor, with 41,954. In 1873 the Gubernatorial vote in the entire State stood : lngersoll, (Dem.) 45,059; Haven, (Rep.) 39,245. In 1874, lngersoll, (Dem.) 46,754 ; Harrison, (Rep.) 39,973. In the first (Hartford) district, Sanders (Dem.) beats Hawley (Rep.) by a majority estimated at 100. This is a disappointment for which we were not wholly prepared. Hawley was one of the ablest Representatives Connecticut has had in Congress for many years. He differed in some respects with the Administration and the majority of his Re publican colleagues as to the wisdom of the policy adopted in governmental affairs at the South, but the sincerity of his convictions and the manliness and consistency with which ho adhered to the grander principles and teachings of his part}' endeared him to a no bler and more considerable following than is vouchsafed to most public men. Looking over the whole list of New* England Repre sentatives in the House of the Forty-fourth Congress wc fail to discover a member more capable in the service of the State, or one better fitted by habits of industry, by integrity and ability, to confer credit to the Legisla ture aud honor to the country than General Hawley. Our disagreement with him in the course best to pursue to reach a solution of the Southern problem does not blind us to the fact that he has not been altogether unhappy in the presentment of his side of the case, nor that he lias not so ingeniously and we believe honestly advocated and urged it as to divide his owu political household upon the question at issue. It would be quite as unfair to con strue his defeat as hinging upon his Con gressional course as it would be to construe the general result in the State as condemna tory of the Republican party and as denoting its decadence aud downfall. The Hartford district for the three years last past has been Democratic, and Gen. Ilawley s return to Congress in 1872 was secured by a defection in the Democratic vote. The State, in the three elections held in the same period of time, has regularly voted for the Democrats by majorities varying, in round figures, from 5,000 to 7,000. A result different from that reached on Monday last was not expected, if w T e except the determination of the contest for Congress in the first district, which has failed to confirm our hopes. CANADIAN PACIFIC RAILROAD. The Dominion Parliament, now in session at Ottawa, has made the following appropria tions, applicable to what may be regarded as a nation?! highway from Halifax to the Pa cific coas.;, consisting of the Intercolonial Railway from Halifax to Quebec; the water line of the St. Lawrence and the Lakes, in cluding canals around the St. Lawrence rap ids and Niagara falls, and a Canadian Pacific Railway from Lake Superior to the Pacific, viz: Intercolonial K. It. from Halifax i.o Quebec, $4,264,600 Lachine canal passing rapids ueai Montreal. 1,600,000 St. Lawrence canals........................ 1,000,000 Welland canal............................. 2,000,000 Canadian Faciiic Railway................... 6,250,000 $12,104,000 We find also iu the appropriations another item "lutercolonial and other Government Railways in Nova Scotia and New Bruns wick" $482,000 ; and upon other Canadian canals $1,018,000, or a total for railway and canal expenditure in a single year of $13, 604,200. We make no further application of this statement than to add that a similar ex penditure on account of materi.al development by the government of the United States, would be a ten-fold amount ; or an annual sum of not less than one hundred and thirty millions of dollars. How Mr. Ashley Welcomed Andy John son. [Prom the Washington Correspondence Cincinnati Gazette." When Mr. Johnson entered the Senate Chamber and advanced to take the oath, he was doubtless prepared to meet many of the men prominent in the impeachment proceed ings. There was nothing to excite special remark from him in the presence of so many who voted against him, or in the further fact that none who voted to acquit were present, and that two of the managers on the part of the House had seats before him as Senators. But to find among those watching him, as he advanced to the desk, Ben. Wade, who came so rear succeeding him, and last, and mere noticeable than all, the massive head and face of James M. Ashley, the author of the resolution of impeachment, was a sight that might have moved a less impressionable man. Few of them could have looked on with more interest, as Mr. Johnson came forward to take the oath, than Mr. Ashley, and his remark about the matter is both creditable to him, and also significant of a deep-seated feeling in the breasts of all Northern Repub licans. Said he, upon being questioned: "I was heartily glad to sec Mr.. Johnson sworn in. When each Southern Senator who ap peared except himself, wàsobliged to take an oath denoting that he had home arms Against the Government in the rebel ranks, it was a relief, to. see Andy. Johnson step forward and designate the iron-clad oath as the one to be administered to him." It was but another form of giving expression to the same feel ings which caused failure to attend the visit of Lamar and Gordon to New England. Railroad Meeting In response to a call the citizens of Sp» ing ville precinct, Jefferson county, met at Mc Koin's store at 6 o'clock p. ra., April 3, 1875, to take into consideration the propriety of sending a delegate to the Territorial Railroad Convention, to be held in Helena on the 21st inst. W. C. Logan and Robert Fisher nom inated Hon. G. W. McCauley, President, who was elected, and stated briefly the object of the meeting. W. C. Logan was then elect ed Secretary. Hon. Robert Fisher and W. C. Logan were called on to give their views, and they briefly addressed the meeting iu accordance with their views, and were listened to with marked attention by the audience. On motion, a committee of five was ap pointed by the Chair on resolutions, as fol lows : W. C. Logan, Hon. Robert Fisher, Samuel Pennington, Alex. O'Neil, and David Kerley. On motion, the meeting took a recess to give the committee time to report. On reassembling the committee was unable to report, aud asked further time. After some remarks by various citizens expressive of their views on the subject, the meeting ad journed until Saturday, April 10th, at 7 p.m., at which time the Committee on Resolutions were requested to report. G. W. McCAULEY, Brest. W. 0. Logan, Sec'y. — m -m »» —-- Kilver Wine« of Gallatin County. A gentleman who has spent severai months delving in the fSixteen Mile Creek silver mines, writes to the Courier about them as follows : " I have nothing particularly flat tering to offer my friends, but think this will prove a rich and extensive mining camp when developed. We have prospected several leads, which seem permanent, and show con siderable valuable metal, all of which im prove as we get down on them. The Emma, Elk and Homestake seem to be the favorite leads of the camp. They show veins from three to seven feet wide at a depth of twenty feet, and I think if we had the means of working out the ore, that either of them would yield enough metal from the top down to more than pay all expenses of working. N. H. Murray is the most extensive quartz owner in the district, and has done more to develop the leads than any one owning inter ests in the camp. Leads showing well in lead, copper and silver are easily found, and we would like to see those who are disposed to assist in developing the hidden resources of the Territory taking more interest in these mines. . They are situate iu Gallatin county, and we feel that us citizens have a deep in terest in seeing them opened up. Should they prove rich, they will yield a large reve nue and make a good market for Gallatin county, and 1 think the prospects already found encouraging enough to direct attention and capital to the mines." Tbe Butte Silver nines. A north- }Vest correspondent writes the fol lowing encouraging news relative to the silver mines of Butte district: "The quartz inter ests of the camp are looking better every day as new developments come to light. A big strike was revealed a few days ago which adds a new 7 and important feature to the fast rising camp and gives it a still more promi- nent place in the front rank of Montana min- ing districts. There are a number of lodes west and southwest from this tow n cropping out boldly and some of them showing for long distances, which in common parlance have been known as the "black lodes"—so called frem their dark appearance—the croppings from which have been declared by different competent assayers to contain iron and mang anese, with scarcely a trace of the precious metals in them, and have in consequence been considered worthless. Since the first of January, however, a number of these leads have been relocated by Mr. W. D. Farlin, aud the fact made known that on one of them, the Travona, ore was being sacked for shipment, assaying, as per statement, from $150 to $5,000 per ton in silver, a result far over-reaebing the most sanguine expectations of the district. The lode is well defined, w ith a two-feet vein of ore." -- -^ «4 I — I »♦ PW ---- Opening; of the Yellowstone aud Tribu tary Valleys. The opening of any new line of communi cation with the outside world can but result in general good to the Territory, and the same may be said of opening to settlement sections heretofore held by the Indians. Therefore we rejoice in common with the people of Eastern Montana over the probable opening this summer of the lower Yellowstone and tributary country, as contemplated by Gen. Sheridan. Upon this subject the Courier says: "The proposition to open the Yellow 7 - stone river to the mouth of the Big Horn with a steamboat to make the exploration, will be very gratifying to the people of East ern Montana. During the coming summer we shall see a general exploration of Powder river, Tongue river, Rosebud, etc., that will prove very advantageous in the development of the minerals known to exist in that region. All that has prevented the exploration hereto fore of this country haß been hostile Indians. General Sheridan proposes to do what the Bozeman Yellowstone Expedition attempted last spring. We regard the intelligence con veyed by this letter of General Sheridan as the most encouraging to this part of Montana we have received for a long period, and the result of it will be the opening up routes for direct travel east from Montana. We com mend the enterprise displayed by General Sheridan, and our people will greet his arriv al here with enthusiastic pleasure." LETTER FROM BEYOND THE BOHN BABY. Fort Kipf, B. N. W. T., > March 6, 1875. > To the Editor of the HeraJu : Fort "Whoop-Up," the first American trading post in this vicinity, was built in 1869. and is pleasantly situated at the junction of St. Mary's and Belly rivers. The St. Mary's being the more southern stream, heads in the Rocky Mountains south of the national boundary and runs a northeasterly course to unite with Belly river at this point. Belly river rises a little north of the St. Mary's and runs about the same course, and continues about fifty miles beyond the junction with St. Mary's and empties iuto Bow river, the main southern tributary of the Saskatchewan. Each of said streams at Whoop-Up are about fifty yards wide, rapid, and contain quite an abundance of fish. Ft. Kipp was afterwards built about fifteen miles above Whoop-Up, at the junction of Belly and Old Man's river, a more northern tributary of nearly the same size, flowing from the Rocky Mountains from a point a little north of the line. Ft. Macloud, the headquarters of the Brit ish Mounted Police, is situated on Old Man's river at a point about fifteen miles above Ft. Kipp. Wetzel & Co., Baker & Bro., Sample Bros., Lee, Brown, Kanousc, and a few oth ers, also have trading posts on the river—so that the Old Man's and Belly rivers, at pres ent, appear to be the general places of busi ness of nearly all the Montana traders in the N. W. Territory. The weather the past winter has been fair, and but little stock have died. The valley of these two rivers appears to be about the most favorable of any in the North, hence the favorite resort of buffalo and Indians, all of which have been plenty during the winter now past and gone. The Police made a raid to Bow river early in the month of February for the purpose of capturing Dick Berry and his employes, who had a post at the mouth of Bow river. When they got there Dick had gone and his fort had been destroyed. They returned and arrested a partner in the firm of Wetzel & Co., fined him $500, sentenced him to six months' im prisonment, and confiscated about 1,000 robes and other peltries that Wetzel & Co. had previously purchased of Berry, and for which a large sum had been paid. The pris oner was convicted of selling whisky to In dians at Bow river within the previous three months, while he was never there in his life, and thus an innocent man is again imprison ed aud his property taken for a crime only alleged to have been committed by another who has not yet been arrested. Such is law— with the Mounted Police. Spanish Joe was recently killed iu a quar rel at High river, by a coward, who caved in Ms head with a bar of iron. His body was brought to the Police headquarters, where an inquest was held and an administrator ap pointed, and the remains of poor "Spanish Joe" now sleeps alongside of the dead po licemen, who fell victims to intemperance on last New Y'ear's day. The winter terminates with nice spring weather—the snow nearly gone—but the ground is frozen and icy. Wc have had no very cold weather since January, when mer cury was frozen. It is thought the buffalo will soon leave for their more northeastern haunts, when, of course, the Indians will leave too, and the principal trade will cease until next fall. Yours, etc., YANKEE VOYAGE!* K. Iniltim Affairs iu the North—Whtsliey Trnilic— Horses Stolen. Moutu OF Mi'DDY-ON-TJ'.T* *n, * March 12th, 1875. » To the Editor of the Herald. Everything is quiet here at present, as the Indians have all moved to the Agency, being ordered in by the new Agent for the purpose of issuing them annuities and having them remain in the vicinity of the Agency, and not among the white settlers as they have hereto, fore been doing. Major Woods lias gained the confidence of all the Indians and all of the white men in the vicinity of the Agcncy since his arrival there. Marshal Dusold arrived at the Blaekfoot Agency a few days ago with a detachment of thirty-five soldiers, on their way to Badger creek, St. 3Iary's lake, and other points in search of whisky traders. The Captain seems determined to put a stop to this illegit imate traffic with the Indians. John B. Smith and Henry Feullberg had four head of horses stolen from Smith's Fort, on the 7th inst., by a war party of Blood's going north. Yours, SOUTH FORK. ----— I w > »»■— —---- Pay Stopped. An order has been issued stopping the pay of Captain L. C. Forsyth, acting quartermas ter, until it amounts to $4,678.52, on account of a deficiency in a quantity of oats at Fort Ellis, Montana, found to have occurred while he was on duty there as post quartermaster, and for which he is responsible.— St. Paul Pi&neer, 24th uU. Major Forsyth has been for some years and still is quartermaster at Fort Ellis, and in his extensive business intercourse with the citizens of Eastern Montana has made a large number of friends, who admire him for his ever gentlemanly bearing toward and upright dealings with them. We are informed that the deficiency above referred to existed pre vious to the assumption by Major Forsyth of thé duties and responsibilities of quartermas ter at this post,'*and that he became respon sible for tliesame by receipting in full to his predecessor for more grain iu bulk than was at the time shown to be on hand by the books —an act of courtesy to his predecessor, but of carelessless to his own interests; and for which he is now held accountable. It is pretty certain these facts will be made clear to the examining board and the order revoked.