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KKUOBTK1» WKCIAIAY YOU THE HKRALD BY western union telegraph gomfany. The Texan Border Trouble. Washington, Älarch 81.—The President received the following dispatch to-day, dated Austin, Texas, March 30 : To His Excellency, U. S. Giant, President ,»f the United States—Sir.—Depredations of organized bands of robbers from the Repub lic of Mexico have of late increased in fre quency and atrocity, which threaten the de population of the lower Rio Grande country. Alarm in the country between Neuces and the Rio Grande consequent upon these raids, in which our people are ruthlessly murdered and their property forcibly token by these foreign desperadoes, i9 wide spread, and un ices relieved by some assurance of protection, must result in a general break up of the set tlement*. On the 25th of this month a large parly of these robbers penetrated into the in terior as fur as within eighteen miles of Cor pus Christi, robbed stores and ranches, mur dering and capturing citizens, and capturing the II. 8. mail. I appeal to your Excellency for protection for the people of that country against these invasions of outlaws from Mex ico. Since they have been almost of weekly occurrence for several months past, and arc increasing in force and boldness, the citizens of licit country have been compelled, for the mo.4 part, to' move to the towns for protec tion. and no security exists outside of these corporations for life or propert}', and the peonle in the towns even hold themselves in constant readiness for defense. I trust your Excellency will deem it proper to give secu rity to the people on the Rio Grande border, in view of the assurance now given you, that an extreme necessity exists for it. Very respectfully, RICH A 111) COKE, Governor ol Texas. The Secretary of War, in the absence of the President, replied to the telegram, say ing to the Governor that orders will be given to the military authorities to take immediate steps towards the protection of the people of Texas on the Mexican frontier. Chicago, April 1.—A Washington special says: The government officials have been giving very close attention to the reports of Mexican outrages, and arc of the opinion that they are greatly exaggerated. It is thought that they originate with speculative contractors, v.ho desire a war, and with the ranchmen, who want to create a sentiment in favor of the payment of the Mexican claim. — «4 I — I »» ^ .% rre»t of ( , «iini*rffit«n. Nkw Yoke, April 1.—General Wm. G. Monk, who ha« held many important posi tions in the government service, including Consul General to Mexico, was arrested by the Sec ret Service officers last evening on a charge ol' selling counterfeit money and com mitted to jail. Monk, at the time of his cap ture, had, it is charged, $200 in good green back«, which bad been marked for identifica tion, given to him in exchange for counter feit currency. General Monk fought in the rebellion, commanding one regiment in the brigade of General Morton, now U. S. Sena tor. He draws a pension as a Lieutenant Colonel, having been wounded several times. Richmond, Va., March31.—The officers of the U. S. Secret Service have just made a raid into the counties of Scott, Wise, Russell, Eucliamian, Smythe and Montgomery, and arrested nine counterfeiters, capturing also a iarge amount of counterfeit coiu, bills, dies, plates, etc. Three other squads of mounted officers arc to be heard from, and arc hourly » .\petted to come in with about twenty more prisoners. The officers arc under the direc tion of Chief Washburn. The government detectives have been on the track of these «•ount (TtVilc.rs for the past eight years. l'olygiuny Trial. Salt Lake, April 1.—In the case and trial of Geo. Reynolds, for polygamy, the defense admitted the first marriage. The second w ife .-wore she was married to defendant in Au gust last. Mayor Wells stated that be had performed the last marriage, and the defense admitted the last marriage. The jury, which is composed of Mormons and non-Mormons, was then charged by Judge Emerson, who quoted the law of 18(52, and said that relig ions belief had nothing to do with the case, mid that the law was constitutional. The jury, in half an hour, brought in a verdict of cuilty. The defense moved to set aside the •.. rdict, for the reason that defendant had »ever been arraigned and asked to plead, and ..ever had the indictment read to him, which, • ppc aring to the satisfaction of the court, the m/lie,n to set aside was granted. Afterwards jhc defense waived a new the trial, with i< u of taking the case to the Supreme Court. Defendant was this afternoon arraigned and plead "not guilty," and was set at liberty, giving $5,000 bail. Il is expected that the trial ol Geo. Q. Camion, for polygamy, will commence to-morrow. UcHtruetive Fire. Ri il, and, Yt., Mardi 31.—A the broke • >ut in Ticonderoga, N. Y., this morning, in I he store of Paine A Gilligan, spreading rap idly to the adjoining buildings, and it was impossible to check it until the entire busi ness portion of the village was in ashes. The total loss is estimated at $200,000, partially '•overed by insurance. Nearly all the stores in the village and many dwelling bouses were 'turned. The cause of the tire is unknown. Whitehall* N. Y., March 31.—The w'hole business portion of Ticonderoga, N. Y., was destroyed by fire this morning. The loss is estimated at'$200,000. ' , ; ! The Pennsylvania Coal Minora' Trouble Hazleton, (Pa.) March 31.—Another crowd of armed men have started from Eber vale for Upper Lehigh to stop the men em ployed by the Jersey Central Railroad from loading coal at that place. A special train has left here with a detachment of police armed to resist any attempt at violence by the mob. The result of this raiding is await ed with great anxiety. Our local police is too small to contend with the exasperated miners and a call for the military is expected. A dispatch from Upper Lehigh announces the killing of McDermott, one of the bosses there, last night. Coffin handbills were served on the men obtaining coal for the Eckley Col liery. The whole region is in a State of ex citement. The raiders are called Lander burn's regiment, from the fact that Lander burn has been selling them condemned Gov ernment muskets. Pottsville, Pa., March 31.—A grand parade of the Mechanics' and Workingmens' Benevolent Association took place here this afternoon, about 500 men being in line, and expressed themselves determined to stand out to the last. Rioting began about 7 p. m., and a number of shots were fired at Chief Burgess G insell, who called out the police to preserve order. No arrests were made, fearing that it would precipitate a general riot. Great excitement exists, and the citizens fear seri ous trouble to-night. To-day, between Locust Gap and Alaska, colliery train hands were stoned, tired at, and driven from the train. Superintendent Olhausen went to the 1rain and brought it through safely. Hazleton, Pa., March 31.—Deputy Sherilï Rhoades and posse came upon the rioters be fore reaching Ebervale, and after advising them to throw away their arms, then went on to Eberv ale, telling the miners that he would arrest all who arrived there with arms in their hands. Most of the mob se creted their arms before going into Ebervale, but four were discovered to have pistols on their persons, and these were arrested and brought here. It appears that the death of McDermott, reported shot by the rioters, was caused by an accident. Harrisburg, Pa., March 31.—The follow ing message ,v as sent to the sheriffs of Colum bia, "'diu and Northumberland counties: "I in med that a tumult or mob dis turbiu,, ..^e public peace exists in your county, and an application lias been made to me under the act of May 4th, 1864, to suppress the same. I consider it your duty as a ciyil offi cer of your county to order out a posse comit atus without delay, and suppress all tumults, riots, mobs, or unlawful interference with persons and property in your county. (Signed) "J. F. HARTRANFT, Governor." Hazelton, Pa., April 1.— The excitement at Upper Lehigh yesterday during the raid of the miners was intense, and there w as a per fect reign of terror. It seems they divided their forces before entering the town, some coming in at the east and others at the west end. Shots were fired indiscriminately. Many of the rioters were intoxicated and went through a hotel, endeavoring to force the landlord and boarders to join them. Some of the inmates took refuge in the cellar, while others escaped through the back doors. The company's store was attacked and shots were tired into the building, but the superintendent and clerks escaped. Persons riding along the highway were stopped, and fired upon when they refused to join the rioters. Riots arc reported at Ashland, with the loss of sev eral lives. All was quiet here this morning. Pottbvillle, Pa., April 2.—At Centralia last night a notice was posted at Dr. Prevest's 'colliery that no man should work except engineers and firemen. I he night men in charge of the pumps were frightened away. Chief Burgess, of Shamokin, telegraphs to General Siegfried that ho has information that a large body of miners will arrive there from Mt. Carmel and other points, and asks for protection. The 8th regiment has been ordered to Shatnokin. Harrisburg, Pa., April 1.— Governor Ilartranft will to-morrow issue a proclama tion ordering the riotous miners to disperse. The vigorous policy pursued in the case of the Susquehanna rioters will be pursued if necessary un the present occasion. The Black Mill». Chicago, March 31.—Governor Penning ton, of Dakota Territory, has just returned from a conference at Washington with the President on the Black Hills matter, and states that the report telegraphed to the morn ing paperhere from Sioux City, to the effect that he had written a letter affirming that a treaty with the Sioux Indians for the Black Hills country would be accomplished within thirty days, has no foundation. He further states that the government is firm iu its inten tion to exclude interlopers by force if neees- ] sary, and to protect the Indians in their ; rights. tm ■ \ ■ A. Bill for tnc Belief of Jt «irors. j Albany, N. Y., April 1.—A bill was in troduced in tbe Assembly to-day providing for payment to jurors in protracted trials as that m Brooklyn. The bill provides that in case a trial is protracted beyond sixty days, tbe Supervisors may grant such extra compensa- tion as they see fit. The Tilton-Beechcr case is already on the thirteenth continuous week. --- —■»--« 10*1' » WRtfliinirton Washington, March 30.—Captain Ransom, of the United States steamer Colorado, re ports a yellow fever epidemic at Havana. The Secretary of War has telegraphed the commanding officer of the Department of Texas to use every effort to prevent Mexican raids across the Rio Grande. Tbe Ice Gorge. Wilkesbarrk, Pa., March 31. —One of the ice gorges above here gave way this after noon, and came down the river, lodging against the gorge here, but so far not moving it. The water has risen a foot and a half, and ia still rising. At WestPittston the back water is beginning to flood the lower part of town. Travel is greatly impeded on the Le high Valley railroad. Ibe last train in re ports running through water up to the second step of the cars. The current across the track was swift, and carried with it great cakes of ice, pieces of timber, etc, making the movement of the trains difficult and dan gerous. Later. —The river is now falling here and at Pittston, and the latter place has escaped a second inundation. Lewisbukg, Pa., April 1.—The flood, caused by ice gorges, is driving the people from their houses along the river. Great ex citement prevails. Detroit, April 1.—The ice in Grand river broke up to-day, and four iron and one wood bridge were carried away at Lansing. Loss, $50,000. Great damage is anticipated. New York, April 1.—The reports from Wilkesbarrc and other points in Pennsyl- vania, where disaster from ice gorges wa3 apprehended, are to the effect that the ice is passing away without damage. At Easton it is feared, however, that the wharves and property will suffer somewhat from an over- flow before the river is cleared. -4 44 Labor Trouble». Boston, April 2.—Labor troubles are re ported in several of the cotton manufacturing towns iu this State and New Hampshire, caused, as alleged, by an imperative order from Fall River, the Head Centre of the National Union, requiring the operatives to demand a restoration of former prices. The strike at Great Falls, N. H., is not general, and the corporation claim it is now virtually ended. New hands being easily procured, no concession in prices will be made at Lowell. Notice of intention to strike was given by the mule spinners only in the Massa chusetts, Prescott and Lawrence mills, and increased pay demanded. In all the other factories the Mule Spinners' Union at first voted not to strike, but, upon the receipt of important orders from the National Associa tion, served their notice upon the mills men tioned. The agents have informally declared that the increase demanded wdll not be paid, and a meeting of directors will be held in Boston to devise means for supplying the places of the strikers. At Newburyport, Massachusetts, the weavers in all the mills have demanded a full restoration of 27 cents per cwt. ......... m • -4 ►* — I —...... Earning* of tbe II. P. K. K. New York, April 1.—The statement of the gross earnings and expenses of the Union Pacific Railroad for the mouth of February, 1875, shows £620,307, against $607,940 for February, 1874; expenses for February/1875, $272,188, against $374,958 in 1874; net earn ings for February, 1875, $348,119, against $272,188 in 1872; the March earnings up to the 30th, show an increase of $168,440 over the same period of 1874. Severe Storm. Omaha, March 31.—The worst storm for years has prevailed east of the North Platte to-day. Six inches of wet snow fell, accom panied by a very high wind. Travel is sus pended on several of the State railways, and the Union Pacific train was seven hours late. Rumored Resignation. Washington, March 31.—It appears to be generally believed that Internal Re\cnue Commissioner Douglas will soon retire from his present position, though he will not retire from public service. ------ — .< IU M -------- Public Debt Statement. Washington, April 1.—The public debt statement shows a decrease during March of $3,681,210; currency balance, $5,182,412; coin, $84,105,520; coin certificates, $94,191, 900; special deposits legal tenders for re demption of certificates of deposit, $43,045, 000 ; outstanding legal tenders, $379,326,900; decrease of the public debt since June 30tb, 1874, $9,453,46*. . m -4 4^»»»» <n—----- Governor Tilden Sustained. New York, April 1.—The Chamber of Commerce to-day adopted unanimously reso lutions approving the action of Governor Tilden, iu his exposure of the canal frauds, and thanking him for his message. Tribute of Respect to the Memory of John Mitchel. New York, April 1.—The Irish Associa tions of this city have resolved on a public parade in Jersey Citj% on Sunday, the 11th inst., as a tribute to the memory of the late John Mitchell. Settling- Down. New York, March 30.—There was a better feeling in financial circles to-day, and a gen eral recovery from the unsettled condition of affairs at the close of yesterday. Daniel Drew was on the street settling all his contracts, and there was a marked change of feeling to ward the old man. Fire. Chicago, March 31.—A fire at Fairbury, Ills., yesterday destroyed a number of stores and dwellings. Loss, $50,000; partly insured. Hartford, Conn., April 2 .— The Church man building was burned last night. Loss, $50,000. Kingston, N. Y., April 1 ,-Tlie Overlook Mountain House, in the Catskills , 1 a famous summer resort, was burned to-day. Loss, $90,000; insurance, $40,000. New York hews. New Yobk, April 2. —President Grant to day accepted the invitation of the committee of the Massachusetts Legislature, to attend the centennial celebration of the battles of Lexington aid Concord. The Havana steamer took out $80,000 in Spanish and American gold. Prohibitory Liquor Low. Boston, April 2.— The liquor bill, as sub stituted for the present prohibitory law, finally passed the House yesterday. It requires the signature of the Governor to become a law. The bill prohibits the open sale of liquors over a bar, but provides for licenses in con nection with hotels and restaurants. The law also dispenses with the State police, and seizures to enforce it. nomination Accepted. Providence, R. I., April 2.—Rowland A. Hazard and Daniel E. Taylor to-day accepted the nomination by the Prohibitionists for Governor and Lieutenant Governor respect ively. ENGLAND. London, March 31.—Spanish advices state that notwithstanding the denials of the truth of the reports of dissensions among the Car lists, it is known beyond question that there arc serious differences between Don Carlos and the Carlist Council of Navarre. London, March 31.—The charges made by Marquis de la Concha against Gen. Jovellar, Minister of War, in regard to the administra tion of affairs in Cuba, causes great embarass ment to the government, and it will probably lead to Jovellar's retirement from the Min istry. London, April 1.—The bullion in the Bauk of England decreased .£82,000 the past week. The proportion of bank reserve to liabilities is 3i£ per cent. The cable steamer Faraday has refitted aud is now coaling ut Gravesend. 81ic will sail on Sunday at the least, to complete the work of laying a direct cable. London, April 2. —The bullion which has gone into the Bank of England to-day on balance, amounts to 476,000. The Cologne Gazette states that Spain has made a formal demand on Prussia, in virtue of the extradition treaty with that country, for the arrest of Don Alphonso, and it is said that the Prussian authorities have in conse quence received instructions to arrest the Prince if he enters Prussian territory, and to hold him until the grounds of Spain's claim can be examined. A dispatch from the Berlin Post reports that eighty ecclesiastic* are imprisoned in Posen alone. It is rumored that the govern ment has arrested a Papal delegate who has been secretly administering the archbishopric of Posen since the arrest of the incumbent. FRANCE. Paris, March 30.—The French Govern ment has agreed to the Berne postal conven tion. Paris, March 30.—The Bien Public pub lishes the following: The Emperor of Brazil proposes to abdicate in favor of his eldest daughter, Countess Deu. The Emperor up on his abdication will make a tour of Europe, after which he will proceed to the United States where he will make his home. Paris, April 1.—The specie in the Bank of France decreased 1,919,000 francs the past week. The Carlists have entered the province of Santander and will be followed by Don Car los and the bulk of his army. It is supposed they are trying to penetrate Castile. ■■ m i »40- — INDIA. Calcutta, March 31. —Tbe trial of Guik- war, the native prince of Baroda, on the charge of attempting to bribe the servants oi the Residency to poison Colonel Phayre, the Resident, has resulted in a disagreement of the Commission before which the case was tried. ---- -4 >► - CANADA. Collingwood, Out., April 1.—'The eastern aud western portion of the city are flooded. Phe post office and railway are inaccessible. The railway is washed away in several places north and south, and trains cannot come within half a mile of the station. The dam age to. property is already very great. ITALY. Rome, March 31. —The ceremony of con ferring the title of Cardinal on Archbishop Manning took place to-day < at the church of St. Gregory. The services were most impos ing, and were witnessed by a large congrega tion, including a thousand English and Amer ican Catholics. _ n flpn—I — GERMANY. Berlin, April 2.—It is stated that Spain has repeatedly requested Germany to bombard Scarrons for the Gustave outrage, but Ger many has refused, because by bombardment innocent persons would suffer. ^AUSTRIA. a I is in Trieste, April 2.-Empcror Francis Joseph reached here to-day, on his way to Italy. He was received with great enthusiasm. The monument to Maximillian was inau gurated Wednesday. Twelve thousand sheep were killed by dogs in Tennessee last year. THE HAZE* DESERT. The New York Evening Post of a recent date prints the following letter, which we re produce as of interest to our Territorial readers : I am desirous of obtaining all possible in formation in regard to the Hazen desert, and therefore read with much iuterest the letter of Mr. George A. Shultz in your issue of the 5th instant. His observations extended more par ticularly to the region between tbe Madison, Jefferson and Gallatin rivers and tbe Mis souri, and to such outlooks as he could get from a flat-boat going down the Yellowstone and Missouri rivers. These opportunities were not great, but they seem to be a good deal better than General Hazen's ever were, and therefore we should be very glad to get the details of his information. It is very important for the people to know if a tract of their Country 1,600 miles wide, aud stretching from the Rio Grande to the British Possessions, is worth only a cent an acre; and I trust that you will spare room to Mr. Shultz in your columns to tells us more particularly what he knows. Meanwhile, one word upon the tract be tween the rivers that he traversed in his ox cart, and that lies entirely in Montana. The official reports of the United States govern ment show that the real aud personal property in 3Iontana at its taxable valuation, as long ago as 1871, was sixteen millions of dollars in round numbers, giving an average of $1, 082 to each white person. Is there a State in the Union that can make a much better show ing ? One-third of the land in Montana is officially described as land that can be readily made tillable. Can more than a third of the land in Pennsylvania be readily made tillable? The annual yield of gold in the Territory is officially stated at upwards of twelve millions, and tlie population is only about 25,000. A pretty fair crop this gold crop, and capable of indefinite increase. It is a crop, too, not affected by the grasshoppers. With regard to the flat-boat observations, they must have been confined to the valleys of the Yellowstone aud the Missouri, and even General Hazen does not deny that the valley lands, as far as they can be seen from flat-boat, are not bad. The trouble with me is that I can't for the life of me imagine why the Architect of the universe should have taken the pains to create such an enormous tract of land, of such in considerable value, when it would have been just as easy to make it worth more. A cent for an acre of land is really worth nothing. cannot but think that Mr. Shultz and Gen eral Hazen underestimate it. One cannot help hoping that after all it may be worth two cents; particularly when, with only a slight scratching of the surface on a very small acreage, Montana alone turns out twelve mil lions of gold a year. There is a good deal of bad farming land up here in Berkshire. The surface of the marble quarries down in Lee, for instance— why General Hazen could not afford to pay a cent an acre for it to grow potatoes on—and yet this very land is a mine of wealth, and is making all the rest of the land about worth hundreds of dollars where it was worth tens. All the value of land docs not depend upon its capacity for raising wheat. As a citizen I have felt individually pooer ever since General Hazen appraised ray in terest in the public domain at such a low figure. Poor in pocket, I have always re garded myself as rich in being a joint owner with the rest of my contemporaries in this great landed estate of the nation, and now to Iiattg it co ■whittled cl«w ii lu mailing ! 1 don't feel as if I could spare a penny for the poor box. Why, it's an acre of land. Yours in distress, but still of an inquiring mind. ROGER SHAGREEN. Leoxx, Mass., March 8tb, 1875. We learn from the Toronto Globe that the present Canadian administration, after having kept the matter for some time in abeyance, propose to set earnestly about redeeming the promise made to British Columbia, and begin the construction of the Canada Pacific Road. As far as we are able to judge from an edi torial foreshadowing the general outline of tbe scheme, the Dominion government pro pose to make the ultimate terminus of the line in the Province of Quebec, in order to connect the real eastern end with the tide water of the St. Lawrence, taking care at the same time to connect with the Ontario sys tem of roads, so as to provide an outlet to and through the United States, as well as to Europe by the Gulf of St. Lawrence. A curious fact is noted by Prof. Hayden in his description of the Blue Range of moun tains in Colorado. This is the discovery of vast quantities of dead grasshoppers on the masses of snow' lying on the sides of these rugged mountains, where bears eagerly seek them for food. At certain seasons of the year, the Professor says, the air is filled with grasshoppers, apparently flying in every di rection, at a light beyond human vision. It probable, he thinks, that they become chilled in flying over these high peaks, and dropping down on tbe snow, perish. The Indians at the agencies of Red Cloud and Spotted Tail are muttering threats against those who may venture into the Black Hills, violation of the terms of the Sioux Treaty, and declare they w ill murder and rob all par ties of whites who are found there this sum mer. They have confidence that the govern ment will, as soon as the weather permits, remove the miners now there, and express themselves to that effect. They will not in terfere with them so long as the military pro pose to dislodge them. Wendell Phillips, in an eminently sensi ble article on the decline ot American ship building, does away with the idea that the high price of labor in this country is the prin cipal cause of the prosent dullness in this special industry. He ascribes it to the high rates of interest commanded by capital in America, and says, that as long as foreign manufacturers can procure money at half the rate current in the United States, just that long w'ill we on this side of the water be un able to compete successfully with European ship-builders. "Texas Jack" advertises in the London Field, offering his services as guide to foreign gentlemen visiting the American plains.