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m ..-\*X'NSrt Volume 9. Helena, Montana, Thursday, April 15, 1875. No. THE WEEKLY HERALD yy EVERY THlUt-OMY MORNING. S:"fisk k - [FISK BEOS., Publishers TERMS DF SUBSCRIPTION. TERMl* FOR THE DAILY HERALD. ^s.-, '7io3i\vr**d by carrier) por :nn»!ih.|3 "0 by M iJi. « i!,<: r.Vj.y <'i, • nwiith.... n 5l <j ropy ihr<'.; months. » >w' copy '•be month«... Of • opy one year...... ......... g 3 00 ........ «00 ......... 1*2 00 .......... 2 '> 00 TERMS KO K THE WEEKLY HERALD. « )• .> y> j ar.. .. NK month*'.... Three montiiH. .................. 80 00 .................. 4 00 ................2 50 Shull «mi Francisco Secure I hi* Trail«? of llontiiiia. from 1 he ban Fraudrcf» ('iironieie of March '29tli. We have heard but little recently of tlie ^reat Northern Railroad enterprise projected by the banking-house of Jay Cooke & Co. This road created quite a sensation in Europe j some years since as a grand financial scheme; ! and whether the house of Jay Cooke, Mc Culloch A (Jo. collapsed the railroad, or the railroad collapsed the bank, is not yet quite certain. This road was to have been built from Duluth, at the western end of Lake Superior, across the continent of about lati tude 47 degrees north, passing through the State of Minnesota and the Territories of Dakota, Montana and Idaho, and along the boundary line between Oregon and Washing ton Tern lory, one of its western branches terminating at Puget Sound and one at the mouth of the Columbia river. It was claimed, and the claim is doubtless well founded, that this road would have passed through a coun try rich in mineral wealth and of vast agricul tural capacity. The scheme failed, as the schemes of great speculators are apt to fail, for want of money. The house of Jay Cooke ct Co. had not. the money with which to build the road, and from all we can understand of their extravagant and loose management they had no right to expect a credit in Europe upon the work they had projected. It is said that, although some hundreds of miles were partly constructed and some road actually built, no through survey was ever made. The govern ment has given a land grant, which we un derstand lias now lapsed, and as no recent application has been made to Congress for a subsidy, we may reasonably presume that the whole scheme has been abandoned, or at lea^t left for some more favorable future and some more prudent association to exploit. That such a road will in time become a ne cessity there is no doubt, but in the meantime the people of Lewis and Clarke county, in the Territory of Montana, have met at Helena and resolved that they cannot wait: "Any body, good Lord!" is now the pathetic ap peal of this maiden land, rich in minerals and herds, anxious to throw herself and her rich trade into the arms of the first who will come wooing her upon the iron horse. We of Cali fornia are just dying to embrace the fair Montana and her sister Idaho. We are polyg amists in trade matters, and are inclined to matrimony with all the nice young Territories east of us. Having captured Nevada, we are just now wooing Arizona, and are fairly panting to grasp her rich mines and broad acres. This, however, we regard so nearly an accomplished fact that we can begin to cast our glances northward. The thing to be done is for the Central Pacific Railroad Com pany to push their rails northward just as the Southern Pacific is now building southward. We understand that a survey has already been made starting from some point upon the C'en tral Pacific Road within the Territory of Ne vada, passing northward through Idaho and into Montana Territory, and to the vicinity of Helena. With this Southern road com pleted to Arizona, and a northern branch built to the rich mineral country of Western Mon tana, we should be most exceedingly well wived. Less than five hundred miles of rail, over a moderate grade, would bring to the port and city of San Francisco the splendid trade of two great Territories, great even now in their infancy, but absolutely immeasureable when in the future they become peopled and developed. Occupying, as w T e do, the single port available for commerce upon the western coast, it is of the highest importance that we should make our city the receiving and dis tributing point of all the interim trade west of the Rocky Mountains. By an accident, the Union Pacific Railroad has stolen away a portion of the Utah trade, which belonged to us by right of geographical location. And it is taken from us to the East because an East ern railroad company had the forethought, prudence and enterprise to reach for it. One such accident as this should serve for the ex perience of years. If the Union Pacific Com pany shall reach up through Wyoming for this Montana trade, they will get it ; the first railroad constructed to the Territory will se cure the business. There is no estimating the advantage this trade would be to us in the future. It is exceedingly important to the State of Nevada that it should be put in com munication with its northern neighbors. There is no real estate in California that would not be advanced in value ; and there is no business in the States of California or Nevada that would not be rendered more profitable if this connection could be made. It seems to us that San Francisco lacks pub lic enterprise in this direction. We hear of the wealthy men of Boston projecting, and after long years completing the Hossac Tun nel, so that Massachusetts may get her share of the Western trade. We hear of the enter prise of New York men and merchants in promoting railroads, securing trade, building steam lines, etc. ; we read of the efforts of Philadelphia to secure the Southern trade ; we hear of the enterprise of Baltimore, with her system of railroads and her proposals to Atlantic steam lines and endeavors even to compete with New York city for Western trade. We are not unmindful of the enter prise of the Chicago merchant, St. Louis rivals Chicago, and Omaha is ambitious to rival tSt. Louis. We read of their public meetings, the resolutions of their Chambers of Commerce ; we have received delegates from several Western cities, coming here to spy out our laud and set its milk and honey flowing their way. But we never hear of a San Francisco Board of Commerce doing anything in the direction of encouraging trade or drawing it to this city; witfi one or two exceptions wc have 110 men among us who should be dignified with the name of mer chants. With splendid forests of timber available, we build very few ships : in the vicinage of India, China and Japan, our trade with those countries is but limited, and to the unexplored islands of the Pacific wc have scarce sent a venture, except for pirate treas ure supposed to be buried upon Cocos island. We venture our money in mines and in stocks and in real estate, but wc trust as we grow older we shall find developing among us busi ness men of a wider grasp—merchants of a more comprehensive liberality—wealthy men who build ships and railroads and look to the future for the rewards of their enterprise. This northeastern trade with Idaho and Montana, and the southeastern trade with Arizona and Southern Nevada, is worth every exertion to secure. We say to the people of Lewis and Clarke county, and to the delegates assembled in Territorial Convention, that we desire this connection ; we are in earnest aboutit; our intentions are honorable, and our purpose marriage ; and we beg of you not to make any mesalliance with those East ern people. Be patient, and above all things be prudent; only wait a little longer, and we shall be prancing through your canyons, gal loping across your valleys and over your hills upon our iron horse. We are two-thirds of the way there already ; and in the meantime, if you can come down a little way upon a narrow-gauge we will not regard you as too forward or charge you with lack ol modesty. ^ .« 1—1 ** * — The Hunny Bee. [by josii billings.] The bunny bee is about 10 times the size of the house fly—i never measured them— they won't stand still long cnlf, but i think i have got their dimensions about right. If i have made a blunder in this matter, i am ready to repent and be forgiven for it. I don't kno as we kan blame them for this, for if beefsteak lay hot and well buttered by the roadside all the time, and the bivalves were running around on the half shell, pep pered and salted and crying, "Who will eat me?" i would like to see the man you could hire to thrash out rye that was wet in the bundle for 10 shillings a day. Hunny bees are built with a sting, which is quicker than a ghost when a good biziness chance offers ; but i never knu one to use it just for the deviltry of the thing. These little workers travel about 5 miles a day during the swee* season, and bring the hunny home stuck onto their legs. If there is a lazy one in the hive he gets lynched at once. Lynch law is the hunny bee s justiss. Man stole this code from the hunny bees, just as he haz stole pretty much everything else he liaz got. Killing oph the lazy may look a little tuff, but, after all, theres sumthing like mercy in it, for it is the only way known az yet to put an end to their torments. Hunny bees have a queen, but never a king; this is a great kompliment to the sex, and is an argument for "Wimmin's Rightz," which the belcavers in this docktering are welkum to use without giving ine kredit for it. The liunny bees are the only nation I kno ov who have"allways had a queen for a ruler, and who have been more prosperous and have existed longer than any people we kno ov. I luv the hunny bees because they are al- ways bizzy, and have a stinger allways hot and reddy for the lazy, and for those who poke their nose into their bizzness. - m tm -- A Western traveler says: "We crossed the sand hills near the scene of the Indian mail robbery and massacre of 1856, wherein the driver and conductor perished, and also all the passengers but one, it was supposed ; but this must have been a mistake, for at differ- ent times afterward, on the Pacific coast, I was personally acquainted with 133 or 134 persons who were wounded during that mas- sacre and barely escaped with their lives. There was no doubt of the truth of it—I had it from their own lips. One of these parties told me that he kept coming across arrow- heads in his system for nearly seven years after the massacre." It is thought that the subscriptions for the Agassiz Museum at Harvard will soon reach the desired amount of $350,000, thus making it possible to draw the $50,000 appropriated by Massachusetts. With this $250,000 new halls are to be built, new facilities for instruc tion are to be provided, and the classification and arrangement of the museum is to be car ried forward much further than it was at Agassiz' death. Eventually all the branches of natural history are to have their museums and lecture-rooms on the square near Divinity Hall, where the museum stands, and the Pea body Ethnological Museum is to be built in the same locality. Heroic practice—"So you've taken all the medicine and find no relief, eh ? Well, we must try something else ; so to-morrow I will cal), the first thing in the morning, and shave vour head and apply a blister, cut the nerves in your under jaw, and pull your back teeth, and if you find no relief then, why, we'll have to give you something stronger." The lliotory of Rallronil Accident«. [From Chari»*« Fraud« Adams, .Jr.'s, lecture.] It might sound brutal to say so, but in few ways were lives lost with such great imme diate benefit to the world as in railroad acci dents. The whole world traveled thenceforth more safely, for with eveiy life lost new ap pliances, ne ,v precautions and severer disci pline followed every accident. During the first eleven years of railroad experience al most no disastrous accidents occurred. The first terrible one was on the \ ersailles road in France, in May, 1842, when an engine broke down while running at full speed, and its cars piled up on top of it. The doors of the cars were locked, they took tire, and fifty three persons were crushed or burned to death and many injured. The lecturer gave other instances of like character, and showed how recent improvements in car construction ob viated the danger of such accidents. I11 New England there have been three terrible rail road accidents- that at the Norwalk draw bridge in May, 1853; that at Valley Falls, R. L, on August 12, 1853, and that at Revere Station in August 1871. Each of these was taken up, described and analyzed, and illus trated by the experience of many other acci dents of like character elsewhere. All of them were preventable, and there could be no excuse for their recurrence. The various appliances which had been adopted in conse quence of these accidents were referred to, and the opinion was expressed that the Re vere disaster had reduced the dangers inci dent to railroad traveling in Massachusetts by one-half. It had brought the train-brake and the "Miller" platform into general use? it had caused the general adoption of running signals and greatly improved discipline. The lecturer then passed to accidents which had not happened. Since the Revere acci dent 120,000,000 of passengers had been car ried by railroads within the limits of Massa chusetts. How 7 many of these had been kill ed by faults of the railroad companies and by accidents over which the passenger himself had no control ? Just one. This statement applied only to passengers exercising due care ; in all ways connected with the opera tion of railroads about 300 people a year were killed or injured in the State. Another ques tion : What is the length in Massachusetts of the average railroad journey, resulting in death ? The answer sounds absurd ; it is 324, 000,000 of miles. That is, on an average, 22,000,000 persons travel fifteen miles each before any one of them is killed by a railroad accident. 80 the average journey resulting in injury is 20,000,000 miles. If a person traveled as a passenger on Massachusetts railroads 800 miles a day, every day of his life, he would, by a doctrine of chances, be seventy years old before he would receive an injury in a railroad accident. French sta tistics showed that stage-coach traveling was at least fifty times as dangerous as traveling by rail. The danger of being murdered in Massachusetts was greater by far than that of being killed in a railroad accident. In 1873, the railroads carried 42,000,000 passengers without killing one; in the same year in Bos ton alone five persons were killed by tumbling down stairs, seven by falling rut of window's. With 70,000 miles *of track, full of curves, culverts and bridges, with safety depending on everything, from the state of the atmos phere to the strength of the rail—with trains moving in every direction at all times—acci dents must happen, since the managers of railroads are human. That they should hap pen so rarely is the true cause for wonder. There is no more wonderful human achieve ment than the combination of speed and safe ty with which the movement of modern civil ization is maintained through the unceasing exercise of human care, human skill, and human foresight. Not Easily Discouraged. Conductors of trains on the Central and Union Pacific trains are often annoyed by the presence in the cars of individuals possessed neither of tickets nor money, and who have to be put ashore at the earliest opportunity. A few days since, says the Record- Union, the conductor of an eastward bound train on the other side of the "hill" found that he had a "dead-head" of this class among his passen gers, and three different times stopped the train and put him off, each time giving em phasis to the matter by the application of his boot, but it invariably happened that the un desirable passenger managed to get on board about as soon as the conductor. The third time, the conductor remained ashore watch ing the chap until the train had attained such headway that he felt confident the dead-head could not get on—in fact, he had to spring in a lively manner to accomplish it himself—but as soon as he got straightened upon his feet he found the impecunious riding along with the rest. Somewhat discouraged, the con ductor turned to him and inquired, "Where in blazes are you going, any way?" "Well," said not-to-be-got-rid-of, "I'm going to Chi cago, if my pants hold out, but if I'm going to be kicked every five minutes I don't be lieve I'll make the trip." The conductor let him ride a little ways. The executors of the John Hopkins estate have just handed in their first account to the Orphan's Court of Baltimore county. The total value of the estate, as appraised, is about $7,150,000. Of this, the John Hopkins University has received $3,150,000, the John Hopkins Hospital upwards of $3,076,000. and the relatives and other devisees and legatees the balance, except $102,154.22 yet to bo divided between the hospital and the university. The executors have, in compli ance with the will, renounced the $227,000 of commissions fixed by law, and allowed them to the Orphan's Court. The total cost of settling up the estate ha3 been less than three-quarters of one per cent, upon its value, which wise economy reflects great credit upon its executors. The America il Cardinal. days the New' York Independent, auent the promotion of Archbishop McClosky : What special necessity there may be for an American cardinal at this time, beyond what has existed for half a century or more, we do not understand ; and, in truth, the functions of a cardinal are not of a nature to add in any manner to the efficiency of an ecclesias tic in this country, except that there is an im plied dignity in the title which might prove seductive to the imagination of people outside of the Catholic Church. As the Pope is al ways chosen from the College of Cardinals, the wearer of a red hat has the advantage of being always regarded as a possible wearer of the tiara, and of filling the chair of St. Peter. A cardinal, too, is one of the electors of the Pope, and the Cardinal Archbishop of New York may be very soon required to take a sudden departure to Rome to elect a successor to the venerable pontiff from whom he has received the purple dignity. It was understood that Archbishop Hughes greatly desired the distinction of the cardinalate, and he would doubtless have had the honor be stowed upon him if the other Catholic bish ops had not discouraged it. ^ Cardinal Mc Closky is a prelate of great dignity of char acter, and he is represented as regretting the distinction which lie has received, and we have no doubt of his sincerity. It cannot be denied that a cardinal in New 7 York will be in a very anomalous and uncomfortable posi tion. There will be nobody with whom he can associate on equal terms. His rank is that of a prince, and he must be addressed as his Eminence. His costume, which he must of necessity wear, will subject him to con stant observation. Even in London Cardinal Wiseman found himself unpleasantly con spicuous, although he was surrounded by princes and nobles. But Cardinal McClosky will be wholly segregated from all social sur roundings and set apart in his splendid trap pings. He will be a most picturesque per sonage w'hen he goes out for an airing or to an evening party, clad in a complete suit of scarlet—even scarlet stockings, shoes and hat—and the wheels of his carriage must cor respond in color, Thé broad-brimmed red hat, with its immense tassels, which typifies the sacred office of the cardinal, is only worn on official occasions ; and for ordinary pur poses a red velvet hat, without any brim, is nit, nc«ai Unad-covering on an Eminence. But there are cardinals and cardinals, ana it is no more essential that our American cardi nal should be as magnificent as Cardinal Woolsey than that he should be a statesman like Richelieu or a scholar like Cardinal Mai. The Roman Catholics of New York, as well as of all other parts of the United States, will rejoice greatly in the new dignity that has been accorded to them by the Holy Father ; but there will be likely to be a feel ing of jealousy on the part of the Catholics of Mexico and of the South American churches, that the first red hat given to the New World should fall to the lot of a city where so small a part of the population is of the Catholic faith. Men of Letters. Tasso's conversation was neither gay nor brilliant. Dante was either taciturn or satir ical. Butler was sullen or biting. Gray sel dom talked or smiled. Hogarth and Smith were very absent minded in company. Milton was very unsociable, and even irritable when pressed into conversation. Kirwin, though copious and eloquent In public addresses, was meagre and dull in colloquial discourse. Virgil was heavy in conversation. LaFontaine appeared heavy, coarse and stupid ; he could not speak and describe what he had just seen ; but then he was the model of poetry. Chaucer's silence was more agreeable than his conversation. Dryden's conversation was dry and dull, his humor saturnine and re served. Corneille, in conversation, was so insipid that he never failed in wearying; he did not even speak correctly that language of which he was a master. Ben Johnson used to sit silent in company, and suck his wines and their humors. Southey was stiff, sedate, and wrapped up in aseetism. Addison was good company with his intimate friends, but fn mixed company he preserved his dignity by a stiff and reserved*silence. Fox, in con versation, never flagged ; his animation and variety were inexhaustible. Dr. Bentley was loquacious, so also was Grotius Goldsmith "wrote like an angel and talked like poor Poll." Burke was entertaining, enthusiastic and interesting in conversation. Curran was a convivial deity. Leigh Hunt was "like a pleasant stream" in convention. Carlyle doubts, objects, and constantly demurs. An Ingenious* Device. A capillary correspondence was recently at tempted between a notorious Parisian thief in durance vile and his comrades outside. The prisoner was sent a letter from his fiancee , containing merely a lock of hair wrapped in the leaf of a book. The jailor did not con sider the souvenir important enough to be delivered, but in a few days came a similar en closure, and yet another. This aroused sus picion, and the governor took the matter in hand. He examined the leaf of the book ; it was that of a common novel, twenty-six lines on a page. Then he studied the hair, and noticed the small quantity of the gift. Count ing the hairs he found them of unequal length, and twenty-six in number, the same as the lines of the page. Struck with the coincidence, he laid the hairs along the line of the page which they respectively reached, beginning at the top with the smallest hair. After some trouble be found that the end of each hair pointed to a different letter, and that these letters combined formed ' a slang sentence, which informed the prisoner that his friends were on the watch, and the next time he left the prison, to be examined, an attempt would be made to rescue him. The governor laid his plans accordingly ; the at tempt was made, but the rescuers fell into their own trap. A Bli^litoil Romance. Parts Correspondeure Philadelphia I'ri*s~. "I.#et me mention a little incident which created much merriment in a certain set here lately. It appears that there is a pretlv little creature who has bestowed upon herself the cognomen of Diane de Bagatelle, with whom a well-known young viseounttis madly in love. Mille. Diane is a very romantic young lady, with a taste for the plays and operas of the younger Dumas, and especially for the Dame aux Camélias. So she was not surprised when one day the card of the Count de X—, the father of the viscount in question, was handed to her, and an elegant, elderly gentle man, faultlessly dressed, and with the red ribbon of the Legion of Honor at his button hole, was ushered into her boudoir. "My son loves Mademoiselle," began the Count, without further preface. *T know it," sighed Diane. "He has---" "À sister?" exclaimed the lady, remember ing, the interview between Marguerite Gautier and the elder Duval. "No, not a sister, but a cousin— lus cousin Blanche, to whom he has been betrothed for years. She pines and weeps, and you, Ma demoiselle, you and your fatal charms are the CtUlSCi "Ai as!" said Diane, feeling herself Doolie and Blanahc Pierson, rolled into one and in real earnest. r "Your sensibility does you honor. Win you break with my son at once and forever.' 1 And if two hundred thousand francs--- "Two hundred thousand francs? ' "I will draw a check at once. ' "Sir," said the lady, "you have not made appeal to a callous heart. 1 w ill make the sacrifice? I will give up Henri. You said, I think, two hundred thousand?" "I did. Blessings on you, my child! ex claimed the Count fervently. "Write the letter I shall dictate and the check shall be yours." So down Diane sat and penned the follow ing epistle: "Dear Henkj: I love you no more, xu fact I never have loved you. 1 love another. Farewell forever. Diane. The Count took the letter, inspected it care fully, and placed it in his pocket-book, from which he then drew a cheek for the amount named, which he placed in the lady s eager hands. . "Allow me, my child, to raise to mV lips the gentle hand that has just saved my son." A kiss and a tear fell on the dainty hand to gether; it was then relapsed, and the aged nobleman departed. He had not been long gone when Mile. Diane discovered that her diamond ring, valued at 10,000 francs, had disappeared from her finger, and further in vestigations proved that her silverware and other articles of value had also vanished. The pretended Count was no other than a swindler of the very worst type. r l he worst of the affair was tint the scamp actually mailed the letter of Mlle. Diane to the vis count, so that the lady found herself minus a lover as w 7 ell as her valuables. Tine Civil ICighlM Bill—A (niltulie View. [From the Roman Catholic Universe, ot Cleveland, Bishop Gihnour's paper.] The Civil Rights bill has ceased to be a party measure, and has become a national law. We cannot see therein any cause for the lamentations which escape the conserva tive Republican and the entire Democratic press. The effects of the bill will be harm less to the white race, and only just to the blacks. The cry raised against it—that it is a political interference with social affairs— indicates that those who make the cry have not read the provisions of the bill. It prohib its discrimination on account of color in pub lic conveyances, hotels and theatres ; that is all. Murderers, thieves, gamblers, confidence mén, ruffians and villains of every type nmy' enter railroad cars, steamboats and stages, and nobody says them nay. They will be entertained in the theatres and at the hotels provided they pay tor the entertainment. No body thinks of excluding them so long as they behave themselves decently. Nobody thinks that the presence of thieves, gamblers and villains in public conveyances, hotels anti theatres establishes a social equality between them and people who are uot thieves, gam blers and villains. Color is no more to. be reckoned among crimes in the United States. A man is not virtuous because he is white, nor vicious be cause he is black. A woman who is white is not for that reason pure, and she whom God made darker is not tor that reason to be treat ed worse than the brute which the white lady may carry in the first-class car in her lap. Dogs may travel in comfortable coaches— may occupy the hotels. Shall women— though they be dark—have less considera tion? The white scoundrel may smoke his cigar on the deck of a steamer, seeking a vic tim. The black woman, though her heart be white as an angel's, though her heart be as dear to God as that of the daintiest Cau casian's in the land, is brutally shoved down from the deck to the hole, to be the compan ion of indecent dock-rats, to be exposed to rank insult, and to be subjected to whatever forms of outrage and infamy the brutes, white and black, around her may invent. As for Catholics, they cannot be divided on such a question. All men and women are equal before God and in the church. The accident of color does not. alter the fact of humanity; men are men, women are women, be they black, yellow, white or red. The same obligations of virtue rest upon them equally. They are sons of tbe same first mother, children of the same God, and the same heaven will finally contain us all. --^ «4 i>i n m - These spelling matches are terrible things. There was one at. Indianapolis the other night, and the flr«t person to go down was Professor W. A. Bell, editor of the School Journal, who spelled liis first word "al ledged"