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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. S. FISK,.......................... Editor. THURSDAY, J I I. Y 8, 1815. .g . x .» ,t OF D1NANTEK. As th»* year 1*75 progresses, it seems to be attended by u steady train of dreadful and dostru dive perils, as though the very elements of nature were in fatal league against tiie peace and life of our race. It opened to u> in the frigid «mir ace of the great polar wave. When the gentle zephyrs and relax ing show« r ea m- a! last it was to gorge the rivers with ice dams and sweep away bridgea and towns in a terrible destruction, particu* iarly in Pennsylvania. And now as \vc reach the noon of summer, it is to learn with every rising and setting sun of drouth and tempest, and earthquake and flood. The wail of des olation burdens every breeze from nearly <M/e»'v (pvarter of the globe. Earthquakes in South America are burying cities with all tlieir miserable inhabitants. Lonely Iceland is convulsed with the throes of Ilccla, and half lier habitable surface buried under show ers of ashes such as overwhelmed Pompeii and Herculaneum, and which arc wafted even to the distant shores of .Norway. Every' volcanic center seem sterl ing to miuglé in the strife. And latest from the vtnc-clad hills and fertile* valleys of Southern Fraucc comc3 the sad story of villages and cities drowned and swept away by pitiless floods. One al most holds his breath in dread of the next blow, wondering whether it will be flood or frost, whirlwind or earthquake, drouth or grasshopper pestilence. Thanks to steam and telegraph for the neighborhood into wm U muions arc now brought and the awakened benevolence of tbcfbT» thes© local disasters will be largely alleviated from Other ' sections that survive unscourgcd. Ho far the sei son has cot been particularly unpropitious to aj)(l j vt us nope tve may be spared to the end. . TICK TEXAS FRONTIER. A state of brigandage and border war, if reports arc to be credited, exista along the Rio Gi ancle, which must soon be mastered or it will surely ripen iulo national complications. We believe there is trouble- enough existing, though doubtless a large share of the stories are exaggerations and distortions framed for back-grounds to some swindling claim for damages before the Mixed Commission. Al ready such claims are on file for an aggregate amount that would seriously embarrass both Governments to pay. We strongly suspect that the most successful thieves and boldest raiders from the Mexican side arc refugees from this. Robbers care very little for the flag that nominally covers them. Their real colors are black. A large Mexican army ia said to be approaching the border to take care of Cortinas, whose reign of terror has long been supreme, or rather under whose name lawlessness has long held high carnival on the Mexican line. Our local philosopher pro fesses to think it would be right for our gov ernment to declare war upon Mexico and seize a few more of her half settled and civil ized provinces—about as brayc a proceeding as for a full grown bully to rob a three year old child of his handful of pep corn. For our part we doubt, now' that there is no chance to extend the area of slavery, whether even a Democratic Administration would so degrade itself as to constitute weakness into a pretext for robbery. We fully agree with the opinion that if a half of the story of border troubles is true, that it is time that Government dealt with it in sufficient strength to stop marauding, cost what it might, and bring the guilty to condign punishment. Our cattle must be allowed to graze in quiet, no matter how it affects the hide and tallow market of Metamoras. "The ex-Boss (Tweed) still lingers on Blackwell's Island," says the Bridge street paper of yesterday. That's slow and stupid for the new editor, fresh from Uie States. It isn't pleasant for us to remind him that he is not only in error, but sadly in the lurch. Tweed was released from Blackwell's Inland prison on the evening of June 21st, and the next morning appeared before Judge Brady, in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, *o an swer in a civil action brought to recaver 000,000. In default of $3,000,000 bail, he was deposited the same day (June 22) in Lud low street jail, where at last accounts he still remained. The IIluald of Tuesday last gave the public a full report of the matter, of which the new editor seems blissfully igno rant. It adds nothing to the current applica lion of a three w eeks eld World paragraph to dross it up under the guise of a lato news item, and parade it under sensational head lines. Territorial Treasurer Hickman hae re ceived from six counties for the quarter end ing May 31st, $4,014.88. Gallatin, Meagher and Missoula have not reported at this date, and will probably increase the amount to about $4,600. The sum of $2,700 will be applicable to the payment of tho warrants which have been registered. The counties pay in the same order as in 1875, Lewis anc Clarke being the highest, then Deer Lodge, then Madison, etc. The new editor is a Western man. We have his word for it. To be sure, Uc never lived much in the West himself; but then he has a brother who has. Which renfinds us of A. Ward. lie "fit" in the war. He didn't fight any to speak of in person, but then his wife's relatives did, which was the same thing. THE NORTHERN PACIFIC'. The latest meeting of bond-holders— its harmony and action—give more cause for hope than we have heretofore entertained from this direction. It is so difficult to find anything like sensible order and harmony among a lot of disappointed money-lenders who generally demand their pound of flesh no matter how much blood may flow. And again, it is generally so easy to raise and multiply difficulties in a legal proceeding, that we rather expected to see the N. P. K. R. madea foot-ball for disappointed creditors and hungry attorneys in the bankruptcy court for some years. Then, too, it was to be re membered that powerfull enemies were wag ing unceasing warfare against it, ami throw ing obstacles of fill kinds in its way. The Union Pacific, grown fat upon Government nourishment, now wars upon Government itself and every competing line w ith relent less activity. Its treatment of our merchants and shippers has been such that we cannot with any safety trust ourselves to their mercy in connection with the Utah Northern. We believe our true policy is never to tie four selves by exclusive aid to any company from either direction. The Northern Pacific is the grand thoroughfare with whose destiny our fate is most intimately connected. Other routes are but feeders or cheqjis. Prosperity in Montana will ebb and flow as the interests of the Northern Pacific shall wax or wane. The Utah Northern will aid some, and is worthy of a portion of our regard. The Mis souri Rivey and tributaries will aid us still more, if wc can secure the aid of Govern ment to improve their navigation. But after all the eyes of every Montanian must follow with absorbing interest every step in advance made by the road that is to give direct con nection both east and west with the markets pf the world. If the Northern Pacific is re organized so as to be able to resume its work iu the Spring, it will be the dawn ot brighter days for Montana. The mistake will not again bo made of working along the whole line, but what is done at all will all be done to reach Montana. If the money invested in branch roads and the two termini, had more wisely been concentrated in the main trunk, wc would even now have had the cars run ning to our very midst. HORAE PHILOSOPHY. A distinguished writer in the columns of the Independent in a recent article on "Pub lic Morals," has announced a discovery in myral science that must prove an overdose even for the high opinion of themselves en tertained by the people of the Territories, while to the slow-paced moral philosophers in tho States it will present a ludicrous or be wildering appearance, according us the ob servers get on tho right or wrong side of it. We aro truly rejoiced at the favorable im pression that one recent casein our courts has made upon the newly arrived managing phil osopher of our eotem. But when we remera ber that of all the scores of murders commit ted in Montana since its settlement, as yet not a single one has suffered the extreme penalty of the law therefor at the hands of the officers of the law, we must own up that the two re cent sentences in our court are rather a feeble basis for a very largo and heavy reputation to be turnished not only to Montana, but all the Territories as distinguished from the old States. We have been accustomed to account for our imperfect administration of justice by referring to our scattered settlements, the exposure on one side and ease of escape on the other; the difficulty of procuring or keep ing testimony; the insecurity of our jails and prisons, etc.; but we never dreamed that wc had becomo famous for the exact and ipexor able administration of justice, until the ad vent of thi 3 moral phenomenon at the Inde pendent office. Even "repentance is no com pensation for an injury to our social laws" in our Spartan community. Shade of Lycurgus! How you missed it in coming into this world 800 years before Christ! "The automatic mechanism of crime has no proselytes in tho Territories." Whew! Who thought we were such wonderful fellows and had done so much to astonish the world? Won't there be a big immigration of moral philosophers when that edition of the Independent reaches the States? We somewhat overlook the prejudice which our pilgrim friend naturally enough evinces for the pioneer. This prejudice, however, we observe, is not so deep-seated or so inor dinate that he would reject the professional aid of a "pioneer" by way of supplement to his meaningless paragraphs. This we con strue as a willingness on his part to relinquish further effort at heavy writing, and take to the more congenial pursuit of man-of-all work. As a light-weight literary roustabout or doer of inconsiderable miscellaneous chores he has a chauce on the Bridge street paper to make his mark. Let him try it. We recur uow to a period iu the later his tory of Montana. As he alighted from the coach, with the dust of two thousand miles of travel upon him, "Prof." Smith, slinging his blacking box across his shoulder and shifting his shoe-brush to bis left baud, stepped nim bly forward, and, in the accents of "a citizen and brother" welcoming a stranger separated from kindred and home, remarked—"Use proud, sur, to meet dc gem'man from de Öouf." Tiik end of the Tilton-Bcccber case has come. The jury, unable to agree, came into court at 11 o'clock yesterday morning, and were discharged. Particulars will be found in our telegraphic report. Nine jurors stood for acquittal to three opposed. PHYSIOGNOMY'. We confess to considerable vanity upon the subject of our personal appearance. We trust this will not seem wholly unpardonable. In early years our maternal ancestor men tioned the fact of our.personal attractions to her early friends. They, expert in a knowl edge of beauty and severe of judgment, wc are assured in the days of our swathing bands and swaddling clothes, often expressed the conviction that of so much beauty our family had abundant reason to be proud. And they were proud—and we think justly so. We come of that kind of a race. Since those early days, before massive mirrors, we have examined the foundations upon which the judgment of our mother and the compliments of her steadfast friends were based, and here and now thus publicly we bear cheerful wit ness that their 'tributes to the graces of our person were not exaggerations. Nor do we think it would be gentlemanly in any person to question the sincerity or impugn the taste of these good ladies whose decisions we thus confidently quote. They were disinterested parties. Nor, indeed, can we account on any basis but that of our good looks for the ad miring glances of many bewitching girls since then cast at our person, and which we could not fail to see, but which, in view of possible complications such as have environed eminent men in recent days, >ve felt bound not to encourage. We bethought us that we did not desire to be the central figure of a Beecher trial, and now plume ourself upon our circumspection. The early graces yet remain, for bath not the poet told us that— '•A thing of beauty is a joy forever." Judge, therefore, gentle reader, of our amaze ment and of our indignation, too, when wc sec that base envy has incited an attack upon our appearance, the very citadel aud fortress of ours which is impregnable: This covetous and scurrilous lampooner, among those where we are seen aud known, .can do us no dam age. But we weep at the reflection that in some remote and distant land a reader, w ho is deprived of a view of our attractive person, may be led to apprehend that w r e are not modelled after the Apollo Belvidere. Cruel thought! In refutation of an insinuation so base we shall ascertain if there be not mar ble enough in the quarries of Cararra, and we purpose to offer to the innumerable and widely-scattered readers of the Herald a statue of ourself. This will effectually dis pose of the veracity of our maligner. It will answer in the place of and be far more orna mental than the hackneyed chromo. It is no satisfaction to say to this fresh and shameless Salathiel—"You are another." We are proud and he is not, and therefore the distribution of his photograph would be (only partially) an adequate revenge. We cannot stoop to any of him ihat be is the double of-the wagon master ot a gipsy swill-cart. It wouldn t be best to say that iu other ways, as well as edi torially, he w'addles. Wc decline to observe that otherwise than in his logic he limps. Nor do we care to say that for the sake of pre serving the physical unities be squints. It would seem a piece of vanity if w T e observed that, while we part our hair in the middle his hirsute adoruings are never untangled. No; we will do none of these things. We will distribute statues, photographs and paint ings of ourself, aud to the four wind3 of heaven we will scatter our own affidavit to our beauty. And having thus silenced that "fellow" with the sublime satisfaction that all the graces center in our person—in short, that we are exactly "Chesterfield's Gentle man"—with our equanimity restored we will seek leisure for pity for the pilgrim editor of the Independent , that his repulsive features, when he confronts a mirror, give rise to an irrepressible s hudder. _ The fate of the St. Louis Times is another warning to those who embark on the uncer tain sea of Bourbon journalism. The sheriff the other day stepped in and took possession of the office and its appurtenances under a writ of attachment in favor of Graham & Co., paper dealers. This process was followed by a further annoyance. Mr. D. C. Stone, President of the Security Bank, and trustee for a $125,000 mortgage claim, came to the front with another legal document, advertis ing the Times establishment for sale for non payment of a large interest account. The Times adopted every expedient to save itself, but without avail. It unloaded a few weeks ago the "dead weights" of its editoral force, but it could not easily regain the level of re spectability below which it bad sunk. It has been for some time in the condition of a drowning man grasping at straws. Whe ther the corpse can be resuscitated is an ex periment which new doctors are now strug gling to demonstrate. Let the public read further of the later con spiracy of the Tilton-Moulton worthies to kill off Henry Ward Beecher. It is the natural outgrowth and after-part of the original con spiracy so diabolically conceived and carried forward for the destruction of the great preacher. Accepting as trustworthy the evi dence of Loeder and Price, the Woodhull biographer and the "mutual friend" merit the gibbet. ^^ Badlam, Asseseorof San'Francisco, piled up assessments on personal property moun tains high. The Board of Equalization is now going through the stack, and reducing it very materially. Badlam's assessments are thought to be very much like the book-keep ing of a trader who sat down one day and marked up his stock twenty per cent., claim ing that he had made $2,000 by the easy operation. SPECIE RESUMPTION The Republicans of Iowa, in their conven tion of Wednesday, assert their adhesion to the policy of hard money for legal tender and early resumption of specie payments. It was not long ago that the Senators from this State were voting for expansion of the currency and indefinite postponement of resumption. It marks the flow of the tide in the right direction. It is a pity that the Centennial must come and find us isolated from the world in our currency—using promises to pay as the standard of wealth, and allowing the fruits of our mines to be gathered into foreign vaults. From the day that gold and silver become the standard of value and legal tender for debt, the prosperity of all branches of com merce and trade will commence, and till then we shall stumble on in doubt and hesitation. No manufacturers or dealers want any stock on band when the day comes for readjust ment of prices. So, then, results on the one side haste to push off stocks, and on the other hand, among prudent purchasers, a disposi tion to go slow, buy light, and carry small stocks. The state of affairs now existing is peculiarily unfavorable to starting up any new business. Capital is accumulating in idleness. Enterprise is chafing under the unwelcome restraint. But caution holds the check alike on capital and enterprise. Iu our opinion, the quicker resumption comes the quicker will we see a revival of business. And, as it looks now', every body will soon clamor for the change to come sooner than that which has been named by Congress. The dread of an evil that we know must come always has a demoralizing effect, and fre quently is it the source of a thousand times the misery that the dreaded danger naturally entails. Not that resumption is to be counted in the category of evils, hut it is rightly estimated that much fancied wealth, not covered by any policy of insurance, will be incontinently wiped out or wofully shrunken in the opera tion. No real wealth will be lost to any one. On the contrary, wc are losing more every year by the delay than the change would cause if made at once, or soon. While hug ging phantoms of wealth we are losing the substance. If our ambition as a nation was to isolate ourselves, like China and Japan, paper or anything else would do for currency, but wc arc forming and extending connec tions with every nation and tribe in every land and clime of the earth, and we, above all nations existing, are interested in estab lishing a currency, the value of which shall be acknowledged in every market, on island or main land. It will extend our commerce and increase our gains. Instead of lagging in the rear of other nations, we ought to lead the van in establishing and adhering to and insisting on a solid ami universal metal cur rency. . TIKE JURY SYSTEM. The recent issue of the Beecher trial affords another proof of the utter and total ineffici ency of jury trials as a constitutional element in the administration of justice. At least this is true in the form in which juries are now constructed and their decisions reached and rendered. Here is a trial that has lasted through months. No doubt there bas been upwards of $100,000 expended legitimately in the way of counsel fees and otherwise, and yet the result is that they are back to the point of beginning; money, time and strength spent for naught. Indirectly, perhaps, much has been accomplished. The evidence has gone out to the world and every person who has had interest to read the testimony has probably arrived at some conclusion. In this particular case, perhaps, those general and outside views and results were as much the aim of the contestants as any verdict in the court. But still the argument against the insufficiency ot the jury system is just as much sustained by this particular case. If an appeal is sought and desired to be made to the country, there ought to be some cheaper and better way to reach the public ear. Citi zens ought not to be snatched away from their avocations,at the risk of health and for tune, to be worried and abused for nothing. There is nothing in the end to justify the means. In cases so hotly contested, and where there is such conflict of testimony it is impossible to find twelve men of average intelligence, honesty and independence to agree. Men are not changed iu their nature by being dratted into the jury box. If men so differ outside of a court-room, why should they be expected to agree better after being sworn to decide honestly and according to the law and testimony? Men will differ honestly, and why should they be forced, by confine ment on bread and water, to modify their honest convictions? It almost savors of the cruelty of the Inquisition even to try to force men out of their convictions. It always must happen, in such cases as this last one, that juries will more or less share the divided sen timents of the community from which .they are drawn, and it would be as unreasonable to expect a unanimous verdict as that there should be unanimity on all the various social, moral and political issues that interest and divide society. The majority principle lies at the basis of our political institutions. A sorry lime it would be for politicians if an unanimous election were required. A three fourths vote would be considered a command ing majority among the people or in any leg* slative assembly to settle the most vital and engrossing subjects. But three-fourths, or even eleven-twelfths of a jury count for noth ing. In our opinion it is only a question of time to see our* constitution so modified that the majority principle in some form will be extended to juries. It is more defensible in reason, more in analogy with our form of government, aud more in accord with the spirit of our institutions. TELEGRAMS REPORTED SPECIALLY POE THE HERALD WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPAN Y. IÎY Iowa Republican State Convention. Des Moines, (Io*a,) June 80.—The fol lowing nominations were made by the Re publican State Convention in session here to-day: For Governor, ex-Governor Kirk wood; Lieutenant Governor, Newbald; Su preme Court, Judge Adams; State »Superin tendent, Colonel Abernathy. The following are some of the principal points in the platform adopted by the con vention : That the Republic is a nation, one aud in dissoluble, while the constitutional rights of the States and people to local self-govern ment must be faithfully maintained. That gold aud silver are the only right legal , tender, aud we favor the gradual resumption of specie payments. That we are opposed to further grants of land to railways or other corporations. That we cordially approve of the policy of the present Administration in the settlement of difficulties between this and other nation» by arbitration, instead of an appeal to arms. Tfi^t the Republican party of Iowa oppose a third-term, and believe that President Gram's letter to General White removes that issue from our politics. That w T e demand all railway» and other corporations be held in just and fair subjec tion to the law-making power, constitution ally exercised. That our National and State Administra tions of public affairs have our hearty ap proval._ ^ ^ Singular Decision in Regard to Marriage Indianapolis, (Indiana,) June 2#.—In the case of the State vs. J. R. Bull and Susan I). Gilbert, indicted for fornication, Judge Chap man of the Marin County Criminal Court, gave a lengthy opinion. He says the absence of marriage ceremonies does not impair the validity of the union, if only a license has been taken out and an agreement has been entered into in the presence of any person that they will become man and wife. It was not necessary in the case in hand that the duration of union should be stipulated or law itself determined. This marriage is especially binding, as both parties have testified that they believed it legal when consurrmated. They signed an agreement that they should be delivered from each other by mutual wil lingness ; but Bull testified that he knew he could only be separated by a decree of the court; that this clause was only meant as a protest against existing laws. Moreover, this was signed after the parties had pronounced themselves married. Therefore the clause cannot be construed as invalidating the gen eral agreement to become husbaud and wife. This is the language used : "Whereas, tiie courts of law have decided that marriage is a civil contract and governed by the same rules as all other contracts, therefore we hereby agree that this contract exist and be in force during our physical lives ; provided our mu tual love natures ever blend as now, but to terminate without prejudice by wish of either party if love shall ever cease to be mutual, which event wc trust and believe never will occur." Their compact showed, rather, ig norance of some points of law, than the idea of violating them. In most of the States the courts have decided in the same way,—that this marriage would under the circumstances be binding, until death or a competent court dissolve the contract. Indicted for F.nibcKzleiucnl. Cincinnati, June 28.—The Grand Jury to- day rendered an indictment against TUos. E. Snellbaker, present Chief of Police, and formerly Secretary of the water works ; Win. Mark, city editor of the Folks Freund , and ex-collector of water rents; J. B. McCor. mick, ex-collector of water rents ; and Paul Reinlan, former trustee of the water Avorks, now Secretary of the Board of Trustecs of Longview Lunatic Asylum, for embezzle- ment of money of the water Avorks, and H. A. Bowman, son of one of the present Trus- tees of the water works, for fraud and lar- ceny. These cases have all been brought to light by investigation iuto the management of the water works, which has been in progress here for some Aveeks past and is now nearly completed. - — » i<i »» Railroad Trouble«. Memphis, June 28.-W. S. Greenlaw, Pres ident of the Memphis and Little Rock Rail road, to-day issued an order to the officers and employees notifying them that the road had passed into the bauds of Trustees, and designating R. K. Dow, of New Hampshire, as manager for the Trustees and custodian of all property and in charge of running of tin road. Hugh L. Brinkley, Vice President, who owns two-thirds of the road, immedi ately applied for an injunction, which was granted, as neither Briukley nor any other Director had authorized the transfer of the management to Dow'. Brinkley holds pos session of the depot and offices heie, and ay'.I! continue to do so unless the injunction is dis solved. ^ A liraful Outrage. St. Louis, June 30.— Miss Eliza C hamber lain, while riding on horseback from her father's house to a neighbor's in the suburbs of the city yesterday, was dragged from her horse by a negro and her clothing stripped, from her aud most brutally outraged and cruelly treated. The citizens of the neighbor hood are intensely excited, aud swetir they will hang the monster if caught.