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E. E. FISK ...........................Editor. TIK USDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1815. INDIAN INülSTRIArpllWIHTS. Within the last few years considerable suc cess has crowned the efforts of the several Indian Agents in Montana and Idaho in do mesticating the "Government's wards," and inducing their attention to industrial pursuits. Probably the earliest advance in this direc tion was made at the Flathead Agency, mainly through the influenced exerted by the Catholic priests who have long had the spir itual welfare of the Indians in their keeping. More recently, under the direction of the present Agents and their immediate prede cessors, the Indians under the jurisdiction of the authorities at tlie Crow, Blackfoot, Bel knap, and Fort Peck agencies have material ly advanced in the same direction. Fields have been fenced, plowed and planted, and grain and vegetables in quantity have been grown and harvested. A great share of the labor, in some instances ill of it, has been done exclusively by the Indians. As an illus tration, we mention what has been accom plished m this line by the Assinaboincß — ©ne of the several bands or tribes under charge of the Fort Peck Agent. Last spring Major Alderson broke up about forty acres of ground for these Indians at Wolf Point, on the Missouri river, below Peck, Implements and seed were supplied the Assinaboines,and they went to work planting and cultivating their farm. As a result of this experiment, thirty-five acres of potatoes, turnips, beets, and other vegetables have been grown the present year. The Indians, under the lead of one of their chiefs, who was himself a pat tern of industry, performed all the field labor and they have now as large a crop of root products as was ever raised from a similar piece of grouud anywhere along the upper Missouri. In addition to the vegetables grown they also raised several acres of fine wheat, averaging forty bushels to the acre, which fully matured, and which they harvested early in the season. This is a pretty good record for this branch of the "Lo" family in their first expel imenting with agriculture. The whole crop was produced without resort to irrigating measures, and has vastly encour aged these particular wards to try their luck in the same direction another year. In addition to their other field industries, these same Indians, strengthened by the promise of the Agent to supply them with cows and other domestic stock, have also cut and stack ed sixty tons of hay, with which to feed their cattle in case of need through the winter. Eventually all the Indians of the country will doubtless be induced to adopt civilized modes of life, and address themselves to farming, stock-growing, etc , as now prevails to a great extent among their more enlight ened kind occupying the Indian Territory. It will take years to accomplish this result, but the day will come when one and all of the "Native American" race then spared from barbaric and savage life will be won to the pursuits of the white man's civilization and governmen t. Hotel Arrivals. Among the arrivals at the St. Louis Hotel to-day we note the following : J D Conrad, Cave Gulch; Chas. Thomas,Miss Ella Childs, Pioneer; S Marks, S Jacobs, Diamond City; J T Argyle, Park; A Jessen, Addison Smith, Deer Lodge; P H Park, Basin; P C Crum baugh and wife, Itev Bluff, California; Mrs. L W Russell, Jefferson City; H T Jacob, Trinity: F G Heidt, Fort Shaw; Geo Benja min, Miles Mahan, Elk Horn; Fd Spratt, Thomas Deyarmon,Virginta City; J F Palm er, Springville; J J Kennedy, Pioneer City; C Barbour, Missoula; L D Burt, G W Beech er, John Beecher, Red Bluff, Cal.; W H Risk, Upper Indian Creek; J 8 Morris, Pio neer City; Jno 8 Hall, Judd Sand,Blackfoot; Mrs Lorn and child, Willow Creek; J G Mil ligan, Valley; Wm J Parkins, Virginia City; D O Blevin, Wm Dunlap, A Batos, Benton; Robt Bender, P A Graham, J Horst, City; Miss Linebarger, Radersburgh; A M Bean, New York; J A Chase, Fred Voight, Deer Lodge. Arrived at the Overland : J 8 Norris, Deer Lodge , D M Dunkleburg, Pioneer; W B Cone, Nelson Gulch; J S Hansey, Clancy; J Oaks, Canyon Ferry; J Lengle, Pioneer; Mr. Dunlop, Bozeman; J J Kennedy, Warner's; J Oakwood, Bozeman; MrCannedy, Pioneer; M Baily, Valley; T Maujell, Jefferson; N Moore, John Barter, Clancy. On the register at the International are Chas Nerbone, French Bar; Jno Gerber and ladies, Sam Scott and lady, II Heccleston, Chas Beileuburgb and lady, Deer Lodge; T C Power and lady, Benton; Win Ulm, Sun Riv er; L P Smith, Deer Lodge; N A Ralston, Pioneer; G F Rowan, Springville; W Quim, Cbas. Dunges, Radersburgh; H G Valiton, Deer Lodge, L Hardwick, L O Holt, City. The arrivals at the Magnolia are : Ed Sin cox, Park City; M A Price, A P King, South Boulder; M H Bearcraft, Radersburg; Jno F Roup, Toll Gate; Tom McNelly, Washington Gulch; Tom Coleman, Nevada; E Kennedy, M McMahan, Springville; J Bodhen, S T Denison, Silver City; S Reed, Boulder; J F Palmer, M O Keef, Springville; Louis Siene manu, Homestake Gulch; H H Stewart, Jef ferson City; G W Payne, John Blanketson, Clancy. _ _ Died. St. Louis, September 25.—Geo. D. Budd, one of our oldest aud best known citizens, died yesterday. THE TRANSPORTATION PROBLEM. REVIEW OF MONTANA'S BIVER-EAND FREIGHTING. Th« Carroll Route Carrying: Achieve ments. Gratifying Results from the Coulson* Diamond "R" Combination. Five to Mix Mouths Missouri River Navi gation. Mteasner Record for the \ hi vs Other Matters Interesting and Impor tant to the Shippers of Montana. [From the Herald's "XXX" Correspondent.] Caekoll, M. T., Sept. 17th, 1875. You will remember that last spring "XXX," in a communication to your valuable journal, pointed out the advantages of the Carroll route, and gave it as liis opinion that late Benton freights detained for Helena would be landed at this point and be forwarded by the "direct route" overland, instead of mak ing the "great bend" by Benton. A long and iutimato acquaintance with the upper Mis souri river enabled "XXX" to arrive at a conclusion which has since been verified. Nine years ago when an effort was made by a few citizens of Helena to establish a port at or near the mouth of Muscleshell river, arfd insure to Montana a river outlet and inlet that was more reliable that that via Benton, "XXX" was an earnest advocate and a warm friend of an enterprise that promised so much real good for our country. He saw that the most difficult aud dangerous part of the river could be avoided, and that Montana could reap the benefit of five and six months' river transportation, instead of only two and occa sionally two and a quarter or two and a half months, as by way of Benton. A variety of causes conspired to make the "Muscleshell road," as it was then called, a failure, the principal cause being the want of troops for its protection. Gentlemen who had given the matter their personal attention were satis fied that it was the route for Montana, but they found great difficulty in convincing the community of the correctness of their views. The citizens of Montana at that early day were working but little for the development of the country. Few if any expected to make Montana their permanent home, and none seemed to care for the future. Conse quently no one cared to make the enterprise a success except a very few, whose influence was not at that time sufficient to secure the necessary troops for its protection. Time has given Montana a more settled population, and developed resources that were then scarcely dreamed of. The indifferent means of communication which she then possessed are entirely inadequate to her needs now ; and not only is a more reliable river route imperatively demanded, but also a railroad. None of the enterprising business men of Montana were quicker to realize the situation than Messrs. E. G. Maclay & Co., gentlemen who have been for years thoroughly identified with and wide-awake to every interest of her people. They were not slow in putting their money and energy to work in the right direc tion, The Carroll route was wisely chosen ; and though at the outset they had serious obstacles to overcome, they have at last achieved a triumph of which they may well feel proud. Every one acquainted with the history of the Carroll route is aware of the miserable failure of Kountz's line of steamers to do the river business during the first year. This was a serious blow to Messrs. Maclay & Co., who were putting forth every exer tion to make their part of the business a glorious success. Ou their shoulders rested the whole responsibility of the enterprise ; and in the disasters which followed the dis graceful failure of the Kountz line, they did all in their power to remedy matters. They built mackinaws and endeavored to land ore which was here for down shipment at some point below, where those century-plant-move ment steamers of Kountz's might in course of time reach it. They sent their trains in the face of winter, two hundred miles down the river to get freight which the old scows had left at Fort Peck, fearing to come further with it. They settled damages promptly, which had been caused during the river voy age by leaky hulks and thieving crews ; being compelled to await settlement of same by Konntz—and a Kountz settlement of that kind is said to be a long ways more uncertain than life. They landed every pound of freight that had not been left at Bismarck by Kountz, though they did it at a heavy loss, aud in im minent danger of losing their trains. Not withstanding all this they never for one mo ment lost courage, knowing that the Carroll route was the one Montana needed, and with a faith unshaken they started in on this sea son's business, determined to prove it to the shippers of Montana. The Coulson steamers were employed to do the river business, and they have done it thoroughly and completely, and in a manner that reflects great credit first on their affairs as gentlemen and first-class business men, and next on the steamers as being neat, comfortable and swift, aud all that could be desired by the freighting and traveling public. *At the close of the season's business, which is drawing near, "XXX" has thought proper to pay the above just tribute to Messrs. E. G. Maclay & Co., as well as the Coulson Bros., and their worthy and competent assistant^, knowing that it is well deserved. " XXX " now takes pleasure in saying, without fear of contradiction, that the Carroll route is au assured success for the following well founded reasons : First. Steamers can reach Carroll before they can reach Benton ; for the reason that Carroll is further down the Missouri river than Benton, (a fact which some persons in Montana do not apparently know.) Second. The overland route from Carroll to Helena—Montana's Metropolis—is but little greater in distance than that from Benton to Helena ; and is far more preferable on ac count of good grass and water, and a road bed far superior in every respect. Third. That Carroll can be reached by steamers from two to three months later in the season than Benton, and from five to ten days earlier, and that steamers can bring a greater number of tons to Carroll at aDy sea son than they can take to Benton, the reputed head of navigation on the Missouri. Iu proof of the above let us refer to the records of the last two seasons, which can publish if you wish : By the record the first steamer of 1874, was 1. Peninah, for Carroll, May 8th. 2. Fontenelle, for Benton, May 14th. The last steamer which reached Benton in 1874 was the Coulson steamer Josephine, which passed here July 15th, aud passed down August 5th, twenty or twenty-one days between here and Benton, having been com pelled to make four or five trips from Cow Island to Beuton, in order to get her cargo up. The cargo of the Western, bound for for Benton, had to be taken from Round Butte to Cow Island by the Josephine iu two trips, the Josephine passing here on the 11th, and 18th of August on up trip. So the last bout at Benton in 1874, was a Coulson steam er, (Josephine,) now engaged in Carroll trade,) on or about August 1st. The last steamer at Carroll in 1874, was the May Lowry," which left on down trip October 9th, having arrived October Gth, or two months and eight or nine days after a steamer was at Benton. In 1875, first steamer that arrived was 1. Josephine, for Carroll, May 13th. 2. Key West, for Carroll, May 15th. 3. Nellie Peck, for Benton, May 23d. Carroll two steamers to Benton's one,— and ten days ahead on arrivals. The last steamer at Benton this year was the Carroll, w T hich left there on or about the 18th of July, passing here on down trip 21st of July. On August 7tb, the C. W. Mead— a steamer intended especially for the Benton trade, and said to be the lightest draught boat on the river—passed here for Benton. She could not pass Snake Rapids, and had to dis charge her cargo at Cow Island. Next came the steamer Benton, for Ben ton. She first lightened up at Poplar creek, 350 or 400 miles below here, putting off 80 tons. She next lightened here by putting oß aU freight intended for Helena , amounting to about 60 or 65 tons, and on 27th August, proceeded on with only a small lot of Benton freight, belonging to Renton merchants. It was the intention of her Captain to land her in Benton, even if he could not take up but ten tons ; but he found he could not even go up empty with safety, and had to discharge his cargo at Cow Island. The last steamer at Carroll up to this date was the Josephine, which left on down trip September 8th, aud will be here again on or about 18th or 19th September, and proposes to continue her regular trips until the middle or last of October. The freight put off the Beuton here was shipped by G. W. Field's train to Messrs. Kleinchsmidt Bros., Helena, and is pretty conclusive evidence that the Carroll route is good enough for even a Ben ton freighter, as they were assigned to care of T. C. Power & Bro., Benton. "XXX" did not make such a bad guess, after all. Aud now he makes another guess, and that is, if the Benton men have any more freight for Helena merchants this fall, it will be landed here and taken over the Carroll route to its destination—that is, if the steamer Ben ton can get here with it. The above is given to the Montana public for their consideration, without the least de sire to do violence to the interests of Benton or her people. They are stubborn truths, however, that speak volumes in favor of the Carroll route, which certainly offers rare ad vantages to our shippers, and we are confi dent that Montana's business men are too shrewd to allow such advantages to pass un noticed and unused. One argument only can be added; that is, by patronizing the Carroll route Montana freights will fall into the channel they are expected to follow in the future, aud encourage an enterprise that will eventually be the crowning glory of all the Northwestern States and Territories, viz:— the Northern Pacific Railroad. This is the railroad line Montana most needs, aud the one that, reaching east and west, at once places her in direct and speedy comuiuuicatiou with all the marts ot the civilized world. Whv, then, süall we not extend our hand in assis tance, especially when by doing so we are aiding ourselves m the matter of cheap trans portation, and saving money to our people ? XXX. Bank statement. New York, September 25. — The Bank statement is as follows: Loans—decrease, $455,600; specie—decrease, $11,730; legal tenders—decrease, $616,100; deposits, de crease, $441,000; circulation—increase, $179, 500; reserve—decrease, $62,300. Arrested for Forgery. St. Louis, September 24.—General John D. Crofton, ex-Adjutant-General of the State, was arrested at his home in Clay county, yes terday, charged with forgery in connection with the war claims examined while he was in office. His son, who was his clerk, was also ar-ested for complicity in the offence. RIVER TRANSPORTATION. Steamer Record for 1874*75, Reported from Carroll. 1874. Arrived, from Bismarck, May 8, steamer Peninah, Murphy, Master; destination, Carroll ; departed May 10. Arrived, May 17, Fontenelle, Clark, Master; destination, Benton ; passed down May 24. Arrived, from Buford, May 19, Peninah, Murphy, Master; destination, Carroll ; de parted May 21. Arrived, May 21, Western, Massey, Master ; destination, Benton; passed down June 4. Arrived, May 27, Nellie Peck, Johnson, Mas ter; destination, Benton; passed down June 6. Arrived, May 28, Josephine, Marsh, Master; destination, Benton ; passed down June 6. Arrived, June 2, Key West, Todd, Master; destination, Benton ; passed down June 13. Arrived, June 6, Josephine, Marsh, Master; destination, Carroll; departed June 7. Towed up Kountz steamer May Lowry, disabled. Arrived, June 6, May Lowry, Maratta, Mas ter; destination, Carroll; departed June 10. Arrived, June 11, Peninah, Murphy, Master; destination, Carroll ; departed June 14. Arrived, Juue 17, Peninah, Murphy, Master; destination, Carroll; departed June 19. Brought up cargo of steamer Stockdale, disabled. Arrived, June 21, Fontenelle, Clark, Master; destination, Carroll ; departed June 25. Arrived, July 6, Katy P. Kountz, Cox, Mas ter; destination, Carroll ; departed July 9. All the season making one trip. Arrived, July 15, Josephine, Marsh, Mas ter ; destination, Benton ; passed down August 5. Had to more than double trip up from Cow Island to Benton. Arrived, July 17, Fontenelle, Clark, Master; destination, Carroll; departed July 18. Arrived, August 1, Josephine, Marsh, Master; destination, Benton. From Round Butte with cargo of Western. Failed to reach Benton, and landed cargo at Cow Island. Arrived, August 5, Peninah, Murphy, Master; destination, Carroll ; passed down Aug. 7. Arrived, August 8, Josephine, Marsh, Master; destination, Benton. With balance of Western's cargo, which was also landed at Cow Island. Arrived, August 23, Fontenelle, Maratta, Master; destination, Carroll; departed August. 26. Arrived, September 6, Mary Lowry, Maratta, Master ; destination, Carroll ; departed September 9. More than one month elapsed that Kountz did not get a boat through with freight await ing shipment at Bismarck. The Lowry was unable to move all that was there on the sec ond trip, and consequently above 100 tons of Montana freight was laid over at Bismarck all winter that should have reached Carroll in October. The Kountz steamers engaged in Carroll trade were as follows : Peninah, Fontenelle, May Lowry, Ida Stockdale, (disabled) aud Katy P. Kountz. The Stockdale was unable to reach her destination. The Lowry had to be towed up by Josephine a part of one trip, and she was from June 10th to October 6th making one trip from Carroll to Bismarck aud return, and ou her last down trip she was 27 days reaching Bismarck from Carroll. 1875. Arrived, May 10, steamer Josephine, Marsh, Master ; destination, Carroll ; departed May 13. (The Coulton steamers are Key West and Josephine, engaged in Carroll trade the season ot 1875 ; the Far West, Durfee, and Western to assist, if necessary.) Arrived, May 15, Key West, Todd, Master; destination, Carroll ; departed May 20. Arrived, May 23, Nellie Peck, Johnson, Mas ter; destination, Benton; passed down June 2. Arrived, May 24, Carroll, Burleigh, Master ; destination, Benton ; passed down J une 5. Arrived, May 24, Benton, McGarry, Master; destination, Benton; passed down June 3. Arrived, June 4, C. W. Mead, Clark, Master; destination, Benton; passed down June 15. Arrived, June 5, Key West, Todd, Master; destination, Carroll ; departed June 8. Arrived, June 11, Fontenelle, Allen, Master; destination, Benton; passed down July 1. Arrived, June 20, Far West, Coulson, Master; destination, Benton ; passed down June 28. Carried Government freight up. Arrived, June 24, Josephine, Marsh, Master; destination, Benton ; passed down June 28, Transported Canadian troops up. Arrived, June 26, Katie P. Kountz, Haney, Master; destination, Benton; passed down July 14. Arrived, July 1, Key West, Todd, Master; destination, Carroll; departed July 3. Seven days and five hours from Bismarck to Carroll. Arrived, July 2, Benton, McGarry, Master ; destination, Benton; passed down July 9. Left a part of her up cargo (80 tons) at Wolf Point. Arrived, July 12, Josephine, Coulson, Master; destination, Carroll; departed July 13. Quickest time on record—from Bismarck to Carroll 6 days and 18 hours. Arrived, July 13, Benton, McGarry, Master destination, Benton; passed down July 20 From Wolf Point with remainder of cargo Arrived, July 15, Carroll, Burleigh, Master destination, Benton; passed down July 21 Arrived, July 27, Key West, Todd, Master destination, Carroll; departed July 30. Arrived, July 7, C. W. Mead, Clark, Master destination, Benton ; passed down August 21. The Mead was built expressly for fall trade to Benton. Failed to reach destina tion, and had to discharge at Cow Island. Arrived, August 25, Josephine, Coulson, Master; destination, Carroll; departed August 26. Arrived, August 27, Benton, McGarry, Mas ter; destination, Benton; passed down Sep tember 1. Left 80 tons at Poplar Creek ; 65 tons at Carroll, for shipment to Helena. Failed to reach destination with remainder, which had to be discharged at Cow Island. Arrived, September 4, Josephine, Coulson, Master; destination, Carroll; departed September 8. Arrived, September 19, Josephine, Coulson, Master; destination, Carroll; departed September 20. Brought 140 tous to Peck, and 104 tons to Carroll. River teu inches lower than when she made last trip. Josephine will be again due 2Sth or 30th September, and again on 12th or 15th October, which will probably be her last trip. You will notice that this season two of Coulson's steamers are doing as much work as five of Kountz's boats did last year. - m3- <4 «►> »» W m I --- The Races—Norma the Winner. A large concourse of citizens and visitors assembled at the Fair grounds yesterday af ternoon to witness the evening race—three quarter mile dash, best two iu three—for a purse of $250. Long before the hour for the race to come off pools were sold in the saloon, amounting in the aggregate to up wards of $11,000. Four horses were entered for the contest: Gilmer's brown mare, Kate, alias Abi, by Barnes; Norma, by Baker; Blackbird, by Williams, and Müsse«, by Tate. The California mare, Kate, was the favorite in the pools, three to one, aud in the betting about two to one with but few takers, however. At 4 p. m. the horses were brought to the "scratch," at the quarter pole. Several false starts were made, and ou the last one Kate was turned losse, and the rider, a little boy who bad the use of but one arm, (the other being disabled) was unable to stop her until she had ran around the track three times. That, of course, settled Kate's hash for the race, and the result was a foregone conclusion that, Norma must be the winner. After a brief interval, howe\er, Kate was brought to the scratch again and all fouf fin ally got a start, Norma taking the lead from the commencement and coming home first. Kate, as might have been expected, after her three-mile heat, was distanced and of course shut out. Time, 1:17. The second heiit was also won by Norma, Mussettand Blackbird being distanced. Thus giving the first and second to Norma—the purse of $250. The race was intensely exciting, and a large amount of money changed hands, the back ers of Kate having lost, as we are informed, heavily. It is generally believed that the California mare would have won, had the accident not occurred, although Norma had many staunch supporters. There is good leather in Norma, and no mistake about it. She has been tried often and never been found wanting. Items. —Tom Darlington is hauling to market a fine lot of vegetables from the Missouri Val ley. The cabbage show remarkable growth. "X" is up from below. He says that the morning he left Franklin the dew' was so heavy on the grass that the boys w'ere unable to bring in the mules, and work on the Nar row Gange had to be suspended. —Mr. and Mrs. H. M. Pärchen gave a very pleasant party last evening to Miss Clark, of Deer Lodge, who is now visitiog friends in the metropolis. Some twenty-five or thirty invited guests participated. It w'as one of the most enjoyable occasions of the season. —Matt Small and his partner, Miller, are doing good work on the piece of road be tween Beaver Creek and Springville, on the Bozeman road. They are going over the road foot by foot,and throwing out all rocks, making that well-traveled thoroughfare a thousand per cent, better for the light buggy or heavy freight wagon. —A band of 10,000 sheep, owned by Burt & Co., and driven from California the present year, are now at the Frenchwoman's ranch, en route to the Sun River range. Not yet hav ing been able to find Mr. Burt, we are unable to give any particulars. The Independent , some time since, with its usual inaccuracy, announced the arrival ot this band of sheep, and stated that they were for sale at $3 per head. This morning that journal says that the sheep can be seen by "takiug a short drive towards Gilbert's, on tbe head of Little Blackfoot." Sweep the cobwebs'out of your head and study up the topography of the couutry. Between Ten Mile, Gilbert's and the head of Little Blackfoot is only a matter of 30 or more miles. The daughter of Couut Bismarck is going to be married before long to a young sprig of German nobility, who has such a heavy name that we don't wonder he wants some one to help him carry it. Count Wendlzunlar berge is his nominative burden. LIST OF LLTTtKS Remaining in the Post Office uncalled for at Helena, M. T., on tlie 29th «lay of September, 1875. When called for please say, "advertised." Arthur J R Miller C B Brandenberg Till Parker Willard (2) Cook Sam'l Quinn Barney Clark Wm Ryan E W (2) Dunlap Robt ltoss David H Dillinger D N Roberts W P Davenport Thos Richardson C li Ells Robt Smith Miss Kate Ells R S Speigel John Griffin J E Spauberg W m Gerdts John Schultz Fred Hutchins C C (2) Tobey NG Klein J C Vilbel msen Miss M Murray James Wright J A Morgan W R „ 6 S. H. CROUNSE. P. M.