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THS WE 3 KLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK,... .Editor. THURSDAY, OtTOBE'R 7, 1875. »AMATIN C'OI'XTY AS D THF. €B«W RESERVATION. Under Ibis bead the current number c?f the Avant Courier bas an article relating to the alleged proposition of Agent Clapp to extend the limits of the Crow reservation by the ad dition thereto of a strip of country lying north of the Yellowstone river, now a part of Gal latin county. There seems to be some con flict of opinion or understanding as to the scope of the plan of reservation enlargement, some holding that the proposition as pre sented to Government simply contemplates an extension of the authority of the Agency officers beyond the actual bounds of the pres ent Indian area for the specific purpose of suppressing contiguous illicit traffic with the Crows, while others are of the mind that the change of boundary, as discussed, virtually amounts to the cutting off of a slice from an organized county and giving it into the pos session of the Indians. Those holding to this latter view—and their number is very con siderable- interpose strenuous objections to disturbing the integrity of the present county limits for ihe purpose named. As an evi dence of the feeling in Eastern Montana in this matter, Mr. Horace Countryman a few days since submitted for our perusal several documents, largely signed by citizens of j iiozemuu and settlers in various parts of Ga! iatin county, remonstiating in respectful but earnest language against the severance from Gallatin of auy part or portion thereof for the benefit, practically or theoretically, of the Crow Indians. The signatures embrace many prominent names of the people of Gal latin, and the representations in this matter set forth by them will he of weight when laid before tHe authorities at Washington These petitions, endorsed by Delegate Magin nis, and we believe also by Governor Potts, have been forwarded to the proper Govern ment Department, where they will doubtless receive the full and careful consideration they deserve. Deferring to this subject, the Avant Courier observes : The Crow reservation is now as large as any two counties in the Territory, and em braces some of the finest agricultural land to be found in the country. We cannot see in what manner the Indians would be materi ally benelitted by the division alluded to; and such a step would certainly be an act of great injustice to the settlers who have taken up and improved ranches on the Yellowstone, as well as to the business interests of Boze man. There is a thrifty population in the section spoken of as likely to be detached from this county. The laud is as good and the warm seasons longer than in the Gallatin valley, and as a grazing country, there is probably none as good in the Territory. It would be well for the Crows to put their present extensive reservation to some account before they are ceded any more land. And the government should give some attention to the rights of the white man, if such a thing as auuouuced by the Independent is contem plated. The pioneers who located and im proved ranches on the Yellowstone, did so at ti e imminent risk of their lives, and several have sacrificed their lives in doing so. They are raided upon by depredatory bands of hos tile Indians almost every summer, and having staked so much and endured all the hard ships incident to frontier life in order to se cure for themselves and their children com fortable homes, Ihe government should at least have some consideration for their rights and honestly acquired claims. Since writing the above we have been hand ed Ihe report of an interview had with Col onel Watkins, Special Indian Inspector, by a number of our prominent citizens in refer ence to the proposed segregation. We have also made inquiries relative to the matter, with a view to rendering justice to both side of the question, and have gained the information from parties conversant with the facts that Gen. Clapp has asked that a small strip of country lying north of the Yellowstone river and east of Big Timber creek be designated as Indian territory. It was not the intention to make it a part and parcel of the Crow reservation, but to extend the jurisdiction of the Agent, in order to pre vent traffic in liquor, which we understand has been carried on pretty extensively in the past by white man with the Indians. It was not designed to intringe upon the legitimate rights of white men, nor to close up that country. For years after the settlement of Choteau county all or a greater portion of it w t hs known and recognized in law as Indian territory. This did not prevent the naviga tion of the Upper Missouri nor the opening of a stage and wagon road from Benton to Helena. On the contrary, a fiourishiug town was built at the head of navigation, large set tlements were made on the fertile valleys of that county; laud was pre-empted and filed upon; thousands of cattle and horses grazed ui)on its rich pastures; the public road was thronged with freight teams, and a better state of society existed in certain sections of that county then than has obtained since the repeal of tlfle law making it Indian country. In his application for the designation of the section alluded to as Indian country, we are satisfied that Gen. Clapp did not contemplate interfering with the rights of our people. He is not the kind of man to make the interests of the white man subservient to those of the Indian, and there is no doubt in the minds of those acquainted with Gen. Clapp that he is governed in the matter by good motives. The section is removed from present settlement, the nearest habitation being, we believe, about thirty miles distant. But, if the segrega tion contemplated is inimical to the interests of our people, or will in any manner tend to retard the future prosperity of our town and county, we enter an emphatic protest against its consummation. At a recent Connecticut fair several bot tles of native wines were set before the wine tastine committee for premiums. There was great diversity of opinion and a warm discus sion, followed by intense disgust when it was found that a wag had filled all the bottles from the same barrel. of j BUTTE. «no off the Richest Silver ami Copper Districts in Montana. From Mr. Felix Poznainskv, who returned a few days since from a visit to Butte, we obtain some interesting items of information concerning that important quartz camp, rich in the promise of untold wealth. The num ber and magnitude of the silver and copper leads located and in course of development make Butte oue of the several conspicuous mining districts on which at present is large ly centered the attention of our people. We can refer only passingly to a few of tüe man}' leads particularly mentioned* leaving for a future article a further and fuller report of the camp at large. Mr. D. L. Farliu, who now has in course of construction a ten-stamp mill at Butte to manipulate his ores, owns several of the prominent silver leads of the district. There are the Black Chief, of great width—estima ted in places at 120 feet ; the Travonia, 3£ to 4 feet, producing very rich average ore ; and the Star West, showing about the same as the Travonia. Mr. Farlan has other leads, which he estimates will prove of equal value to other property when developed. He employs some 4G men in mining operations and in the mill construction, the latter superintended by Captain Plaisted. J. Egbert Smith, of Deer Lodge, has sev eral leads carrying ores of high grade, on which Government patents have been applied for. The La Plata, silver, owned by Larry A Down, is stated as a fine property. The vein averages from four to five feet between walls, the ore carrying a large per cent, of gold, and is of high grade. These gentlemen also own discovery oil the famous Parrott (cop per) lead, ore from which is being constantly extracted, sold to the First National Bank of Helena and shipped to the States for work ing. Win. Parks owns No. 2 cast on the Parrott; has a vein of two and a half to three feet of first-class ore, nearly every pound of which is of shipping grade. Shaft down 115 feet. Last shipment ore averaged 40 per cent, cop per. Jo. Ramsdell. owner on the Parrott west of Discovery, has his shaft down 100 feet, and will take out ore without cessation of work this coming wiuter. The Mountain lode, (copper,) owned by Porter Bros., has a shaft down 20 feet. It is considered valuable property. A shaft house is being erected, and / on the lead will soon be commenced and be vigorously prosecuted. The Gem, owned by Dr. Ford, has a shaft of 80 feet, and produces high grade copper ore. The Dr. is very sanguine and expects to realize a handsome competence from his property. The Gambetta, (copper) owned by Clark & Larabie, of Deer Lodge, is a big lead, and of great value. Ore taken from this mine is shipped abroad and worked at a good profit Other mines of the Butte District are of note, and in the near future will show hand some returns to Iheir owners if properly and actively operated. The prospects of the camj are regarded as among the best of the silver and copper producing districts of Montana, and little doubt is entertained that a bright future is opening to the locality now* attract ing so much interest. Daniel Daugherty, the famous Philadel phia lawyer, whose brilliant lectures last set son were among the most pleasing events, gets $1,200 for a week's visit to the west. Alexander A. Stephens gets $500 a night. TnE Grand Duke Alexis,it is now announc ed, has been divorced from the lady attached to the Court of the Empress to whom he was secretly married before he was sent on his travels by his indignant papa. The widow of the lamented Derby, alias Squibob, alias Phénix, is building an elegant mansion in Washington. She will bring her lovely "Daisy"' out next winter as the flower of society in the political metropolis. A Buffalo physician, who has undergone the operation which w'as so accurately des cribed in the case of Clara Morris, says it is absolutely painless. Iron at a wffiite heat produces merely a tickling sensation on the flesh. Pershlng was the member of the Pennsyl vania Legislature who voted to censure Pres ident Lincoln for issuing the emancipation proclamation. What better recommendation to a Democratic constituency could a man want than that? Miss Minkler, of Storey county, Nev., deserved a better fate. Both her arms were taken off at once by the sickle of a reaper. Her father and the hired man were paralyzed with horror. Miss Minkler quietly called to them each to sieze the stumps above the wound and compress them, which they did. She then told them to walk her to the road, and they obeyed. She was taken home smil ing, the wounds dressed, and the poor girl is going to recover. Another argument for inflation is present ed by the Nashville American : "Farmers and mechanics and hard-working tradesmen, do you know the meaning of these cabalistic terms of the bondholders, 'five-twenties,' 'seven-thirties' and 'ten-forties?' Why,simply this in effect—that you shall get up at 5:20 and not quit work until 7:30, so that the bond holders need not get up until next day at 10:40." TIIE CYPRESS HILL PRISONERS. Correspondence Between Governor Potts and Trevanion Hale. Executive Department, > Helena, M. T., Sept. 22. 1875.) To T. Hale , Fort Benton , Montana. Sir: —Vogle, Bell and Hughes, citizens of Montana,have been arrested by the Canadian authorities and are held for trial at Fort Garry, October fifteenth, for the murder of certain Indians at Cypress Hill in 1873. The above named parties desire your attendance as a witness in their behalf at Fort Garry 15th proximo. Also the attendance as witnesses of Jeff. Deveraux, John Devoy, Joseph Carr, John Joe, and George Powell, You will please notify the said parties of the place and time of trial and of the request of Vogle,Bell and Hughes. Very Truly, B. F. Potts, Governor of Montana. lid To Hon. B. F. Potts, Gov. of Montana, ena , M. T. Sir: —I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 22d inst, relative to my attendance as a witness at the trial of Vogle, Bell, and Hughes, at Fort Garry, B. A.," on the 15th of October next. As directed, I have notified the par ties mentioned by you, except Carr, who is at present at or near Fort McLeod, B. A. It would be an act of injustice to ourselves and to the men imprisoned at Fort Garry, to allow this bare acknowledgment to escape without an explanation of the cause of our inability to proceed to Fort Garry as witness es, and of the nature of the evi dence of which the prisoners are consequent ly deprived. At the time of the fight, Vogle was in the employ of Mose3 Solomon,and was a cripple. I lis leet had been frozen, and he could not walk without the aid aid of crutches. He was not iu any way connected with the fight. After the fight, Vogle desired to proceed to Whoop Up with some of our party, but he hsd no means of transportation. On learning this, a half-breed gave his horse, which it seems belonged to the camp of Indians that fir on us. Of this, however, Vogle was ignor ant. Immediately preceding the fight, Bell was in the employ of Solomon as night watch man. In consequence of the hostility of the Indians and of their repeated threats to clean out the white men, this precaution became necessary, and on our arrival at Solomon's fort, Bell w T as performing that duty. On the da} r of the fight, as far as we know 7 , Bell was in Solomon's fort. We are positive that he was not in any way engaged in the fight. Hughes was the only one of the three men that belonged to our party, which was known during the examination at Helena, M. T., as the Benton party. At the time the fighting occurred Hughes was not with us, he was on the other side of the river near the Forts of Farwell and Solomon. During the fight Hughes did not connect with us, nor at any time until all w r as over. He could not have been engaged in the fight without our knowl Without going into details of the evidence, the above brief summarj r of the same w'hich we are willing to tender, will enable your Excellency to perceive the necessity of im mediate steps being taken by the L nited States authorities to stay the trial, and to procure the valuable testimony, which is at the com mand of the United States Government, lest these men, its ow r n citizens, who are truly in nocent, should in the absence of this evidence be declared guilty on the perjured and paid testimony of a paid informer. The United States Commissioner, W. E. Cullen, can tes tify as to the evidence produced by the Can adian Government, assisted by the officials of our Government at Helena. He will testify that no evidence was adduced that in any manner could connect the men imprisoned at Fort Garry with our actions at Cypress hill, save what has just been presented to you in the above summary. Those who have been notified through your communication as being required as witnesses, are w illing to proceed to Fort Gar iy. But no one could possibly imagine that we would go there without proper protection. The examination at Helena, its expense and consequent disaster to our business, has left us without the means of proceeding on a journey such as the one in question, even had we the protection, going and coming, of the United States. And without that protec tion,it could not be reasonably expected that we would leave our homes already shattered through the action of the Canadian govern ment against us, perhaps never to return to them. Perhaps on our arrival on British soil we may be arrested by the same officers, chained in the same den which holds the men whom we can prove innocent of the charges preferred against them by the Canadian au thorities. In short,your Excellency, the wit nesses who can prove the innocence of Vogle, Bell, and Hughes are at this place unable to proceed to the place of trial, and awaiting the protection and pecuniary support of the U. S. Government to proceed to and return from the trial of their fellow-citizens. Very respectfully, vour obedient servant. TREVANION HALE. Mr. Emerson, an English chemist, has discovered by experimenting with the micro scope, that the common house fly, by its quick motion through the air, gathers the floating animacules upon its body and legs, and that the common operation of rubbing its feet to gether after alighting is preparatory to mak ing a meal upon them. It is by this means that Nature has fitted flies for their useful w ork as scavenger of the air, by which they devour the germs which would otherwise generate disease. The last will and testament of W. C. Rals ton was filed for probate in San Francisco last week. It is brief, and bequeaths—after payment of just debts—all property, real and personal, to his wife without restriction, leav ing provision for his children to her affec tion. John D. Fry, William Sharon, Andrew J. Ralston and Thomas Brown are appointed executors, without bonds. At the recent Republican State Convention of Massachusetts the following ticket was nominated : For Governor, A. H. Rice; Lieut. Governor, Horatio G. Knight; Treasurer, Charles Endicott; Auditor, J. L. Clark; At torney General, Charles R. Train; Secretary of State, H. B. Pierce. Miss Susan B. Anthony will attack Iowa next month on the old question, " Woman Suffrage." or, H. TERRITORIAL FAIR. SIXTH ASMIAI. EXHIBITION.' Award ol Premiums. HOME DEPARTMENT— D. C. CORBIN, SUPERIN TENDENT. Loaf wheat bread, home made, Miss Mag gie Kelsey. Display of bread, biscuit and rolls, Mrs. Jerome Norris. Five pounds butter, Mrs. T. Wilcox; 2d prem., Miss Anna Falke. Cheese, ten pounds or more, Mrs. John King; 2d prem., I. O. Proctor. Display of sour pickles, Mrs. D. M. Gil lette. Display of sweet pickles, Mr3. I). M. Gil lette. Ten pounds bar soap, Mrs. R. G. Guthrie. Fruit cake, Mrs. Jerome Norris. Pound cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Gold cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Silver cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Jelly cake, Mrs. Jerome Norris. Sponge cake, Mrs. Jerome Norris. Cocoanut cake, Mrs. J. R. Gilbert. Chocolate cake, Mrs. F. Pope. Marble cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Cookies. Mrs. Jerome Norris. Display of cookies and pastry, Mrs. F. Pope. Most handsomely ornamented cake, Mrs, Charles Kumley. Display of crackers, R. Lockey. Display of bakers' goods, R. Lockey. Display of confectionery, R. Lockey. Peach preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle. Quince preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Apple preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle. Plum preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette, Pear preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Gooseberry preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle. Blackberry preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle. Strawberry preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle. Currant preserves, Mrs. F. Pope. Raspberry preserves, Mrs. F. Pope. Tomato preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Apple jelley, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Quince jelly, Miss Clara Guthrie. Grape jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Strawberry jelly, Mrs. F. Pope. Blackberry jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Raspberry jelly, Mrs. E. Pope. Gooseberry jelly, Mrs. J. E. Pyle. Currant jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Plum jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette. Display of jellies and preserves, Miss Clara Guthrie. Special premium by Kinna & Jack, set silver teaspoons, for best display of bread, biscuit and rolls, Mrs. Jerome Norris. Special premium by Clarke, Conrad & Curtin, set silver tablespoons, for best five pounds butter, Mrs. T. Wilcox. Special premium by Clarke, Conrad & Curtin, ivory-handled carver set, for display of jellies and preserves, made from fruits grown in Montana, Miss Clara Guthrie. Special premium by Kleinschmidt Bros., $10, for best collection of jellies from Mon tana fruits, Miss Clara Guthrie. Special premium by Montana Cracker Co., 20 pound box milk crackers, for best display of cakes and pastry, Mrs. F. Pope. Special premium by L. B. Wells, lady's hat, for best five pounds butter, Mrs. T. Wilcox. Special premium by A. Berkeufeldt, musi cal album, for best five pounds roll butter, Mrs. T. Wilcox. Special premium by Vawter & Co., $10, for best cheese, Mrs. Johu King. Special premium by Miller & Addoms, $5, for best jar butter, not less than 20 pounds, Mrs. G. W. Tubbs. POULTRY DEPARTMENT—THOS. A. RAY, SUPER INTENDENT. Best trio light Brahma fowls, T. C. Gro shon. Best trio light Brahma chickens, T. C. Groshon. Best trio dark Brahma fowls, F. Pope. Best trio dark Brahma chickens, Frank Pope. Best trio buff Cochin fowls, William H. Guthrie. Best trio partridge Cochin fowds, T. H. Kleinschmidt. Best trio partridge Cochin chickens, T. II. Kleinschmidt. Best trio game fowls, C. G. Bynum. Best trio game chickens, E. W. Knight. Best trio Dorking fowls, F. Pope. Best trio Dorking chickens, Tom Reece. Best trio Houdan chickens, T. H. Klein schmidt. Best pair game bantams, E. W. Knight. Best pair common ducks, Jump & Schwab. Best exhibition of poultry—First premium, T. H. Kleinschmidt; second premium, E. W. Knight. Best pair pigeons—First premium, T. H. Kleinschmidt ; second premium, John Thor burn. Special premium by T. C. Groshon, $10, for best trio Brahma chickens, raised by the exhibitor, T. C. Groshon. Special premium by St. Louis Bowling Alley, Wm. Sims, $10, for best trio game chickens, E. W. Knight. Special premium by T. C. Groshon, $5, for best trio Houdan cbickens, raised by exhibit or, T. H. Kleinschmidt. Special premium by Weir & Pope, $5, for heaviest turkey of any age or breed E. W. Breck. Special premium by the Association, $5, for white Leghorn chickens, T. H. Klein schmidt. Judges— Francis Pope, F. Wilcox and W. H. Ewing. MONTANA MINERALS, BUILDING STONE, &C., DEPARTMENT—II. M. PÄRCHEN, SUPERIN TENDENT Specimen gold quartz, W. II. Patterson, Grass Valley mine. Specimen silver quartz, J. F. Forbis, Lex iugton mine. Specimen Galena ore, C. W. Cannon, El dorado mine. Specimen copper ore, Arnold, Dorr <k Company, Dorr Lode. Specimen iron ore, C. W. Cannon, Pitts burgh Lode. General collection of ores, C. W. Cannon. Special premium by Clarke, Conrad & Curtin, $0, for best sample building brick, L. B. Duke. Special premium by L. B. Duke, $10, for bes; sample brick, L. B. Duke. Special premium by A. J. Davis, Helena Foundry, $5, for best coke, Hobart & Bar ton. Special premium by Elite Saloon, Colbert & Candee, $10, for largest piece of coal, Ho bart & Barton. Special premium by Locb & Brother, half dozen linen handkerchiefs, for best specimen gold quartz, W. II. Patterson. Special premium by B. C. Kingsbury, $25, for best copper ore, not less than 100 pounds, taken from any one mine, B. C. Kingsbury, Copperopolis lode. Special premium by the Association, $20, for best collection of ores from any one mine, J. F. Forbis. Special premium by Magee & Co., $15, for silver ore yielding the largest average, from mines owned by exhibitor, Lewis, Bull & Co., Legal Tender mine. The awarding committee awards a diploma and red ribbon as a mark of honor to speci men lead bullion exhibited by Wm. Nowlan, Des Moines Smelting Company. Judges—Charles Rumley, S. F. Molitor, D. A. Meyendorff. HORSE DEPARTMENT— D. A. G. FLOWEKREE, SUPERINTENDENT. Best stallion, 3 years old or over, first premium, S. E. Larabie ; second premium, D. F. Cowan. Best stallion, 2 years old and under 3, first premium, S. E. Larabie ; second premium, A. M. Parker. Best stallion, 1 year old and under 2, first premium, Marshall Orr: second premium, H. F. Galen. Best stallion colt, first premium, J. Ed monson ; second premium, J. R. Johnson. Best mare, 3 j r ears old or over, first prem ium, J. Edmonson; second premium, W. H. Ewing. Best mare, 2 3 r ears old and under 3, first premium, John Hezekiah ; second premium, J. M. Powers. SADDLE HORSES. Best horse, mare or gelding, first premium, D. F. Cowan ; second premium, S. C. Ashby. 1HOHOUGHBREDS. Best stallion, first premium, C. Mulkey ; second premium, H. F. Galen. Best thoroughbred mare, A Barnes. ROADSTERS. Best horse, mare or gelding, first premium, C. M. Travis ; second premium, John Fisher. DRAUGHT IIORSES. Best horse, mare or gelding, first premium, James Mauldin ; second premium, J. 31. Powers. MATCHED HORSES. Best mares or geldings, first premium, C. 31. Travis; second premium, C. H. Bartruff. JACKS, JENNETS OR MULES. Best mule, 3 years old or over, first prem ium, John Fisher ; second premium, John Hayes. SPECIAL PREMIUMS. Special premium—by 31 oses 3Ioore—for best pair of matched horses, C. 31. Travis. Special premium—by S. L. Holzmun & Bro.—for best mule, 8 years old or over, John Fisher. Special premium—by J. Basinski—for best colt, 2 years old, S. E. Larabie. Special premium—by Kiyus Saloon—for best sucking colt, J. Edmonson. Special premium—by C. 31. Travis—for best saddle horse, mare or gelding, D. F. Cowan. Judges—J. R. Duncan, W. L. 3Iontague, Samuel Rippey. -—m -«n»»- ►» ■ » I-- During a recent voyage of the steamship Roj r al Dane from Copenhagen to Newcastle upon-Tyne, a Miss Fry fell overboard in a heavy sea. When the anxious sailors ap proached her in a boat they found hfcr com fortably floating on her back. She proved to belong to the famous Tynemouth family of swimmers, and is the most expert female swimmer on the northeast coast of England. The music in eleven Episcopal Churches in New York cost nearly $49,400. Trinity Church leads with an annual expenditure of $15,000. In five Roman Catholic Churches in that city the annual outlay for music is $10,500. The expenditure for music annu ally in all New York City churches is over half a million dollars. At a meeting of the bondholders of the Noithern Pacific Railroad, held in New r York September 29th, the following Directors were elected for the ensuing year: Edwin M. Lewis, Johnston Livington, J. K. Moore head, John N. Hutchinson, George Stork, John M. Dennison, G.W. Cass, C. B. Wright, Joseph Dilworth, B. P. Cheney, C. Tower, Frederick Billings and J. Fraley Smith. The exact value of the property left by the late ex-President Johnson is $175,000.