THS WE 3 KLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK,...
THURSDAY, OtTOBE'R 7, 1875.
»AMATIN C'OI'XTY AS D THF. €B«W
Under Ibis bead the current number c?f the
Avant Courier bas an article relating to the
alleged proposition of Agent Clapp to extend
the limits of the Crow reservation by the ad
dition thereto of a strip of country lying north
of the Yellowstone river, now a part of Gal
latin county. There seems to be some con
flict of opinion or understanding as to the
scope of the plan of reservation enlargement,
some holding that the proposition as pre
sented to Government simply contemplates
an extension of the authority of the Agency
officers beyond the actual bounds of the pres
ent Indian area for the specific purpose of
suppressing contiguous illicit traffic with the
Crows, while others are of the mind that the
change of boundary, as discussed, virtually
amounts to the cutting off of a slice from an
organized county and giving it into the pos
session of the Indians. Those holding to this
latter view—and their number is very con
siderable- interpose strenuous objections to
disturbing the integrity of the present county
limits for ihe purpose named. As an evi
dence of the feeling in Eastern Montana in
this matter, Mr. Horace Countryman a few
days since submitted for our perusal several
documents, largely signed by citizens of j
iiozemuu and settlers in various parts of Ga!
iatin county, remonstiating in respectful but
earnest language against the severance from
Gallatin of auy part or portion thereof for
the benefit, practically or theoretically, of the
Crow Indians. The signatures embrace
many prominent names of the people of Gal
latin, and the representations in this matter
set forth by them will he of weight when
laid before tHe authorities at Washington
These petitions, endorsed by Delegate Magin
nis, and we believe also by Governor Potts,
have been forwarded to the proper Govern
ment Department, where they will doubtless
receive the full and careful consideration
they deserve. Deferring to this subject, the
Avant Courier observes :
The Crow reservation is now as large as
any two counties in the Territory, and em
braces some of the finest agricultural land to
be found in the country. We cannot see in
what manner the Indians would be materi
ally benelitted by the division alluded to; and
such a step would certainly be an act of great
injustice to the settlers who have taken up
and improved ranches on the Yellowstone,
as well as to the business interests of Boze
man. There is a thrifty population in the
section spoken of as likely to be detached
from this county. The laud is as good and
the warm seasons longer than in the Gallatin
valley, and as a grazing country, there is
probably none as good in the Territory. It
would be well for the Crows to put their
present extensive reservation to some account
before they are ceded any more land. And
the government should give some attention
to the rights of the white man, if such a thing
as auuouuced by the Independent is contem
plated. The pioneers who located and im
proved ranches on the Yellowstone, did so at
ti e imminent risk of their lives, and several
have sacrificed their lives in doing so. They
are raided upon by depredatory bands of hos
tile Indians almost every summer, and having
staked so much and endured all the hard
ships incident to frontier life in order to se
cure for themselves and their children com
fortable homes, Ihe government should at
least have some consideration for their rights
and honestly acquired claims.
Since writing the above we have been hand
ed Ihe report of an interview had with Col
onel Watkins, Special Indian Inspector, by a
number of our prominent citizens in refer
ence to the proposed segregation.
We have also made inquiries relative to
the matter, with a view to rendering justice
to both side of the question, and have gained
the information from parties conversant with
the facts that Gen. Clapp has asked that a
small strip of country lying north of the
Yellowstone river and east of Big Timber
creek be designated as Indian territory. It
was not the intention to make it a part and
parcel of the Crow reservation, but to extend
the jurisdiction of the Agent, in order to pre
vent traffic in liquor, which we understand
has been carried on pretty extensively in the
past by white man with the Indians. It was
not designed to intringe upon the legitimate
rights of white men, nor to close up that
country. For years after the settlement of
Choteau county all or a greater portion of it
w t hs known and recognized in law as Indian
territory. This did not prevent the naviga
tion of the Upper Missouri nor the opening
of a stage and wagon road from Benton to
Helena. On the contrary, a fiourishiug town
was built at the head of navigation, large set
tlements were made on the fertile valleys of
that county; laud was pre-empted and filed
upon; thousands of cattle and horses grazed
ui)on its rich pastures; the public road was
thronged with freight teams, and a better
state of society existed in certain sections of
that county then than has obtained since the
repeal of tlfle law making it Indian country.
In his application for the designation of the
section alluded to as Indian country, we are
satisfied that Gen. Clapp did not contemplate
interfering with the rights of our people. He
is not the kind of man to make the interests
of the white man subservient to those of the
Indian, and there is no doubt in the minds of
those acquainted with Gen. Clapp that he is
governed in the matter by good motives. The
section is removed from present settlement,
the nearest habitation being, we believe,
about thirty miles distant. But, if the segrega
tion contemplated is inimical to the interests
of our people, or will in any manner tend to
retard the future prosperity of our town and
county, we enter an emphatic protest against
At a recent Connecticut fair several bot
tles of native wines were set before the wine
tastine committee for premiums. There was
great diversity of opinion and a warm discus
sion, followed by intense disgust when it was
found that a wag had filled all the bottles
from the same barrel.
«no off the Richest Silver ami Copper
Districts in Montana.
From Mr. Felix Poznainskv, who returned
a few days since from a visit to Butte, we
obtain some interesting items of information
concerning that important quartz camp, rich
in the promise of untold wealth. The num
ber and magnitude of the silver and copper
leads located and in course of development
make Butte oue of the several conspicuous
mining districts on which at present is large
ly centered the attention of our people. We
can refer only passingly to a few of tüe man}'
leads particularly mentioned* leaving for a
future article a further and fuller report of
the camp at large.
Mr. D. L. Farliu, who now has in course
of construction a ten-stamp mill at Butte to
manipulate his ores, owns several of the
prominent silver leads of the district. There
are the Black Chief, of great width—estima
ted in places at 120 feet ; the Travonia, 3£ to
4 feet, producing very rich average ore ; and
the Star West, showing about the same as the
Travonia. Mr. Farlan has other leads, which
he estimates will prove of equal value to
other property when developed. He employs
some 4G men in mining operations and in the
mill construction, the latter superintended by
J. Egbert Smith, of Deer Lodge, has sev
eral leads carrying ores of high grade, on
which Government patents have been applied
The La Plata, silver, owned by Larry A
Down, is stated as a fine property. The vein
averages from four to five feet between walls,
the ore carrying a large per cent, of gold,
and is of high grade. These gentlemen also
own discovery oil the famous Parrott (cop
per) lead, ore from which is being constantly
extracted, sold to the First National Bank of
Helena and shipped to the States for work
Win. Parks owns No. 2 cast on the Parrott;
has a vein of two and a half to three feet of
first-class ore, nearly every pound of which
is of shipping grade. Shaft down 115 feet.
Last shipment ore averaged 40 per cent, cop
Jo. Ramsdell. owner on the Parrott west
of Discovery, has his shaft down 100 feet,
and will take out ore without cessation of
work this coming wiuter.
The Mountain lode, (copper,) owned by
Porter Bros., has a shaft down 20 feet. It is
considered valuable property. A shaft house
is being erected, and / on the lead will soon
be commenced and be vigorously prosecuted.
The Gem, owned by Dr. Ford, has a shaft
of 80 feet, and produces high grade copper
ore. The Dr. is very sanguine and expects
to realize a handsome competence from his
The Gambetta, (copper) owned by Clark &
Larabie, of Deer Lodge, is a big lead, and of
great value. Ore taken from this mine is
shipped abroad and worked at a good profit
Other mines of the Butte District are of
note, and in the near future will show hand
some returns to Iheir owners if properly and
actively operated. The prospects of the camj
are regarded as among the best of the silver
and copper producing districts of Montana,
and little doubt is entertained that a bright
future is opening to the locality now* attract
ing so much interest.
Daniel Daugherty, the famous Philadel
phia lawyer, whose brilliant lectures last set
son were among the most pleasing events,
gets $1,200 for a week's visit to the west.
Alexander A. Stephens gets $500 a night.
TnE Grand Duke Alexis,it is now announc
ed, has been divorced from the lady attached
to the Court of the Empress to whom he was
secretly married before he was sent on his
travels by his indignant papa.
The widow of the lamented Derby, alias
Squibob, alias Phénix, is building an elegant
mansion in Washington. She will bring her
lovely "Daisy"' out next winter as the flower
of society in the political metropolis.
A Buffalo physician, who has undergone
the operation which w'as so accurately des
cribed in the case of Clara Morris, says it is
absolutely painless. Iron at a wffiite heat
produces merely a tickling sensation on the
Pershlng was the member of the Pennsyl
vania Legislature who voted to censure Pres
ident Lincoln for issuing the emancipation
proclamation. What better recommendation
to a Democratic constituency could a man
want than that?
Miss Minkler, of Storey county, Nev.,
deserved a better fate. Both her arms were
taken off at once by the sickle of a reaper.
Her father and the hired man were paralyzed
with horror. Miss Minkler quietly called to
them each to sieze the stumps above the
wound and compress them, which they did.
She then told them to walk her to the road,
and they obeyed. She was taken home smil
ing, the wounds dressed, and the poor girl is
going to recover.
Another argument for inflation is present
ed by the Nashville American : "Farmers
and mechanics and hard-working tradesmen,
do you know the meaning of these cabalistic
terms of the bondholders, 'five-twenties,'
'seven-thirties' and 'ten-forties?' Why,simply
this in effect—that you shall get up at 5:20
and not quit work until 7:30, so that the bond
holders need not get up until next day at
TIIE CYPRESS HILL PRISONERS.
Correspondence Between Governor Potts
and Trevanion Hale.
Executive Department, >
Helena, M. T., Sept. 22. 1875.)
To T. Hale , Fort Benton , Montana.
Sir: —Vogle, Bell and Hughes, citizens of
Montana,have been arrested by the Canadian
authorities and are held for trial at Fort Garry,
October fifteenth, for the murder of certain
Indians at Cypress Hill in 1873. The above
named parties desire your attendance as a
witness in their behalf at Fort Garry 15th
proximo. Also the attendance as witnesses
of Jeff. Deveraux, John Devoy, Joseph Carr,
John Joe, and George Powell, You will
please notify the said parties of the place and
time of trial and of the request of Vogle,Bell
and Hughes. Very Truly, B. F. Potts,
Governor of Montana.
To Hon. B. F. Potts, Gov. of Montana,
ena , M. T.
Sir: —I have the honor to acknowledge the
receipt of your communication of the 22d
inst, relative to my attendance as a witness
at the trial of Vogle, Bell, and Hughes, at
Fort Garry, B. A.," on the 15th of October
next. As directed, I have notified the par
ties mentioned by you, except Carr, who is
at present at or near Fort McLeod, B. A.
It would be an act of injustice to ourselves
and to the men imprisoned at Fort Garry, to
allow this bare acknowledgment to escape
without an explanation of the cause of our
inability to proceed to Fort Garry as witness
es, and of the nature of the evi
dence of which the prisoners are consequent
ly deprived. At the time of the fight, Vogle
was in the employ of Mose3 Solomon,and was
a cripple. I lis leet had been frozen, and he
could not walk without the aid aid of crutches.
He was not iu any way connected with the
After the fight, Vogle desired to proceed to
Whoop Up with some of our party, but he
hsd no means of transportation. On learning
this, a half-breed gave his horse, which it
seems belonged to the camp of Indians that fir
on us. Of this, however, Vogle was ignor
ant. Immediately preceding the fight, Bell
was in the employ of Solomon as night watch
man. In consequence of the hostility of the
Indians and of their repeated threats to clean
out the white men, this precaution became
necessary, and on our arrival at Solomon's
fort, Bell w T as performing that duty. On the
da} r of the fight, as far as we know 7 , Bell was
in Solomon's fort. We are positive that he
was not in any way engaged in the fight.
Hughes was the only one of the three men
that belonged to our party, which was known
during the examination at Helena, M. T., as
the Benton party. At the time the fighting
occurred Hughes was not with us, he was on
the other side of the river near the Forts of
Farwell and Solomon. During the fight
Hughes did not connect with us, nor at any
time until all w r as over. He could not have
been engaged in the fight without our knowl
Without going into details of the evidence,
the above brief summarj r of the same w'hich
we are willing to tender, will enable your
Excellency to perceive the necessity of im
mediate steps being taken by the L nited States
authorities to stay the trial, and to procure
the valuable testimony, which is at the com
mand of the United States Government, lest
these men, its ow r n citizens, who are truly in
nocent, should in the absence of this evidence
be declared guilty on the perjured and paid
testimony of a paid informer. The United
States Commissioner, W. E. Cullen, can tes
tify as to the evidence produced by the Can
adian Government, assisted by the officials of
our Government at Helena. He will testify
that no evidence was adduced that in any
manner could connect the men imprisoned at
Fort Garry with our actions at Cypress hill,
save what has just been presented to you in
the above summary.
Those who have been notified through
your communication as being required as
witnesses, are w illing to proceed to Fort Gar
iy. But no one could possibly imagine that
we would go there without proper protection.
The examination at Helena, its expense and
consequent disaster to our business, has left
us without the means of proceeding on a
journey such as the one in question, even
had we the protection, going and coming, of
the United States. And without that protec
tion,it could not be reasonably expected that
we would leave our homes already shattered
through the action of the Canadian govern
ment against us, perhaps never to return to
them. Perhaps on our arrival on British soil
we may be arrested by the same officers,
chained in the same den which holds the men
whom we can prove innocent of the charges
preferred against them by the Canadian au
thorities. In short,your Excellency, the wit
nesses who can prove the innocence of Vogle,
Bell, and Hughes are at this place unable to
proceed to the place of trial, and awaiting
the protection and pecuniary support of the
U. S. Government to proceed to and return
from the trial of their fellow-citizens.
Very respectfully, vour obedient servant.
Mr. Emerson, an English chemist, has
discovered by experimenting with the micro
scope, that the common house fly, by its quick
motion through the air, gathers the floating
animacules upon its body and legs, and that
the common operation of rubbing its feet to
gether after alighting is preparatory to mak
ing a meal upon them. It is by this means
that Nature has fitted flies for their useful
w ork as scavenger of the air, by which they
devour the germs which would otherwise
The last will and testament of W. C. Rals
ton was filed for probate in San Francisco
last week. It is brief, and bequeaths—after
payment of just debts—all property, real and
personal, to his wife without restriction, leav
ing provision for his children to her affec
tion. John D. Fry, William Sharon, Andrew
J. Ralston and Thomas Brown are appointed
executors, without bonds.
At the recent Republican State Convention
of Massachusetts the following ticket was
nominated : For Governor, A. H. Rice; Lieut.
Governor, Horatio G. Knight; Treasurer,
Charles Endicott; Auditor, J. L. Clark; At
torney General, Charles R. Train; Secretary
of State, H. B. Pierce.
Miss Susan B. Anthony will attack Iowa
next month on the old question, " Woman
SIXTH ASMIAI. EXHIBITION.'
Award ol Premiums.
HOME DEPARTMENT— D. C. CORBIN, SUPERIN
Loaf wheat bread, home made, Miss Mag
Display of bread, biscuit and rolls, Mrs.
Five pounds butter, Mrs. T. Wilcox; 2d
prem., Miss Anna Falke.
Cheese, ten pounds or more, Mrs. John
King; 2d prem., I. O. Proctor.
Display of sour pickles, Mrs. D. M. Gil
Display of sweet pickles, Mr3. I). M. Gil
Ten pounds bar soap, Mrs. R. G. Guthrie.
Fruit cake, Mrs. Jerome Norris.
Pound cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Gold cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Silver cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Jelly cake, Mrs. Jerome Norris.
Sponge cake, Mrs. Jerome Norris.
Cocoanut cake, Mrs. J. R. Gilbert.
Chocolate cake, Mrs. F. Pope.
Marble cake, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Cookies. Mrs. Jerome Norris.
Display of cookies and pastry, Mrs. F.
Most handsomely ornamented cake, Mrs,
Display of crackers, R. Lockey.
Display of bakers' goods, R. Lockey.
Display of confectionery, R. Lockey.
Peach preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle.
Quince preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Apple preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle.
Plum preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette,
Pear preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Gooseberry preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle.
Blackberry preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle.
Strawberry preserves, Mrs. J. E. Pyle.
Currant preserves, Mrs. F. Pope.
Raspberry preserves, Mrs. F. Pope.
Tomato preserves, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Apple jelley, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Quince jelly, Miss Clara Guthrie.
Grape jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Strawberry jelly, Mrs. F. Pope.
Blackberry jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Raspberry jelly, Mrs. E. Pope.
Gooseberry jelly, Mrs. J. E. Pyle.
Currant jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Plum jelly, Mrs. D. M. Gillette.
Display of jellies and preserves, Miss Clara
Special premium by Kinna & Jack, set
silver teaspoons, for best display of bread,
biscuit and rolls, Mrs. Jerome Norris.
Special premium by Clarke, Conrad &
Curtin, set silver tablespoons, for best five
pounds butter, Mrs. T. Wilcox.
Special premium by Clarke, Conrad &
Curtin, ivory-handled carver set, for display
of jellies and preserves, made from fruits
grown in Montana, Miss Clara Guthrie.
Special premium by Kleinschmidt Bros.,
$10, for best collection of jellies from Mon
tana fruits, Miss Clara Guthrie.
Special premium by Montana Cracker Co.,
20 pound box milk crackers, for best display
of cakes and pastry, Mrs. F. Pope.
Special premium by L. B. Wells, lady's
hat, for best five pounds butter, Mrs. T.
Special premium by A. Berkeufeldt, musi
cal album, for best five pounds roll butter,
Mrs. T. Wilcox.
Special premium by Vawter & Co., $10,
for best cheese, Mrs. Johu King.
Special premium by Miller & Addoms, $5,
for best jar butter, not less than 20 pounds,
Mrs. G. W. Tubbs.
POULTRY DEPARTMENT—THOS. A. RAY, SUPER
Best trio light Brahma fowls, T. C. Gro
Best trio light Brahma chickens, T. C.
Best trio dark Brahma fowls, F. Pope.
Best trio dark Brahma chickens, Frank
Best trio buff Cochin fowls, William H.
Best trio partridge Cochin fowds, T. H.
Best trio partridge Cochin chickens, T. II.
Best trio game fowls, C. G. Bynum.
Best trio game chickens, E. W. Knight.
Best trio Dorking fowls, F. Pope.
Best trio Dorking chickens, Tom Reece.
Best trio Houdan chickens, T. H. Klein
Best pair game bantams, E. W. Knight.
Best pair common ducks, Jump & Schwab.
Best exhibition of poultry—First premium,
T. H. Kleinschmidt; second premium, E.
Best pair pigeons—First premium, T. H.
Kleinschmidt ; second premium, John Thor
Special premium by T. C. Groshon, $10,
for best trio Brahma chickens, raised by the
exhibitor, T. C. Groshon.
Special premium by St. Louis Bowling
Alley, Wm. Sims, $10, for best trio game
chickens, E. W. Knight.
Special premium by T. C. Groshon, $5, for
best trio Houdan cbickens, raised by exhibit
or, T. H. Kleinschmidt.
Special premium by Weir & Pope, $5, for
heaviest turkey of any age or breed E. W.
Special premium by the Association, $5,
for white Leghorn chickens, T. H. Klein
Judges— Francis Pope, F. Wilcox and W.
MONTANA MINERALS, BUILDING STONE, &C.,
DEPARTMENT—II. M. PÄRCHEN, SUPERIN
Specimen gold quartz, W. II. Patterson,
Grass Valley mine.
Specimen silver quartz, J. F. Forbis, Lex
Specimen Galena ore, C. W. Cannon, El
Specimen copper ore, Arnold, Dorr <k
Company, Dorr Lode.
Specimen iron ore, C. W. Cannon, Pitts
General collection of ores, C. W. Cannon.
Special premium by Clarke, Conrad &
Curtin, $0, for best sample building brick,
L. B. Duke.
Special premium by L. B. Duke, $10, for
bes; sample brick, L. B. Duke.
Special premium by A. J. Davis, Helena
Foundry, $5, for best coke, Hobart & Bar
Special premium by Elite Saloon, Colbert
& Candee, $10, for largest piece of coal, Ho
bart & Barton.
Special premium by Locb & Brother, half
dozen linen handkerchiefs, for best specimen
gold quartz, W. II. Patterson.
Special premium by B. C. Kingsbury, $25,
for best copper ore, not less than 100 pounds,
taken from any one mine, B. C. Kingsbury,
Special premium by the Association, $20,
for best collection of ores from any one mine,
J. F. Forbis.
Special premium by Magee & Co., $15,
for silver ore yielding the largest average,
from mines owned by exhibitor, Lewis, Bull
& Co., Legal Tender mine.
The awarding committee awards a diploma
and red ribbon as a mark of honor to speci
men lead bullion exhibited by Wm. Nowlan,
Des Moines Smelting Company.
Judges—Charles Rumley, S. F. Molitor,
D. A. Meyendorff.
HORSE DEPARTMENT— D. A. G. FLOWEKREE,
Best stallion, 3 years old or over, first
premium, S. E. Larabie ; second premium,
D. F. Cowan.
Best stallion, 2 years old and under 3, first
premium, S. E. Larabie ; second premium,
A. M. Parker.
Best stallion, 1 year old and under 2, first
premium, Marshall Orr: second premium,
H. F. Galen.
Best stallion colt, first premium, J. Ed
monson ; second premium, J. R. Johnson.
Best mare, 3 j r ears old or over, first prem
ium, J. Edmonson; second premium, W.
Best mare, 2 3 r ears old and under 3, first
premium, John Hezekiah ; second premium,
J. M. Powers.
Best horse, mare or gelding, first premium,
D. F. Cowan ; second premium, S. C.
Best stallion, first premium, C. Mulkey ;
second premium, H. F. Galen.
Best thoroughbred mare, A Barnes.
Best horse, mare or gelding, first premium,
C. M. Travis ; second premium, John
Best horse, mare or gelding, first premium,
James Mauldin ; second premium, J. 31.
Best mares or geldings, first premium, C.
31. Travis; second premium, C. H. Bartruff.
JACKS, JENNETS OR MULES.
Best mule, 3 years old or over, first prem
ium, John Fisher ; second premium, John
Special premium—by 31 oses 3Ioore—for
best pair of matched horses, C. 31. Travis.
Special premium—by S. L. Holzmun &
Bro.—for best mule, 8 years old or over,
Special premium—by J. Basinski—for
best colt, 2 years old, S. E. Larabie.
Special premium—by Kiyus Saloon—for
best sucking colt, J. Edmonson.
Special premium—by C. 31. Travis—for
best saddle horse, mare or gelding, D. F.
Judges—J. R. Duncan, W. L. 3Iontague,
-—m -«n»»- ►» ■ » I--
During a recent voyage of the steamship
Roj r al Dane from Copenhagen to Newcastle
upon-Tyne, a Miss Fry fell overboard in a
heavy sea. When the anxious sailors ap
proached her in a boat they found hfcr com
fortably floating on her back. She proved
to belong to the famous Tynemouth family
of swimmers, and is the most expert female
swimmer on the northeast coast of England.
The music in eleven Episcopal Churches
in New York cost nearly $49,400. Trinity
Church leads with an annual expenditure of
$15,000. In five Roman Catholic Churches
in that city the annual outlay for music is
$10,500. The expenditure for music annu
ally in all New York City churches is over
half a million dollars.
At a meeting of the bondholders of the
Noithern Pacific Railroad, held in New r York
September 29th, the following Directors were
elected for the ensuing year: Edwin M.
Lewis, Johnston Livington, J. K. Moore
head, John N. Hutchinson, George Stork,
John M. Dennison, G.W. Cass, C. B. Wright,
Joseph Dilworth, B. P. Cheney, C. Tower,
Frederick Billings and J. Fraley Smith.
The exact value of the property left by the
late ex-President Johnson is $175,000.
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