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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISH,..........................Editor. TIIIKSUAY, GCTOBEKIi 16*3. MONTANA ASSAY OFFICE. Hiisout«'. Ceremonies sit. the Laj'i«n !he Coruer Slone. Oration t>> Co!. IV. F. Sanders. Orator. The ceremonies attending the laying ot the corner stone of the Montana Assay Otlice took place this morning. The procession, composed of oflicers and members of the Ma - sonic Grand Lodge of Montana, and of the several local Masonic orders, as al.-o of civil officers and others, formed at the Masonic Hall at the hour of 10 o'clock, and preceded by the Helena Cornet Band, marched to the Assay office site on Broadway. Here a large concourse of citizens and people from abroad had assembled, and the ceremonies, unique rnd imposing, were proceeded with in the order laid down in the Masonic manual or Book of Constitutions. The officers of the Grand Lodge participat ing were: E. S. Stack pole, Grand Master; II. R. Conily, Deputy Grand Master; John Sted man, Senior Grand Warden; C. A. DeWiit, Junior Grand Warden; John Snober, Grand Treasurer; Cornelius Hedges, Grand Secre tary; Rev. E. L. Toy, Grand Chaplain; W.F. Sanders, Grand Orator; Daniel Steel, Grand Principal Architect. Officers of the procession were: James W. Hathaway, Grand Marshal; C. M. Jefferies, Assistant Grand Marshal. Deposited in the stone were various written and printed documents, among which were the following : Perspective photograph of the Assay Of fice, and othei photographs. Letter and the signatures of the Governor and all Territorial officers. Proceedings of the Grand Lodge oi Mon tana. Act of Congress of May 12,1871, establish ing an Assay Office at Helena, M. T. Coins and currency of the United States, and nuggets of Montana gold. By laws of Helena Royal Arch Chapter. By laws of King Solomon's Lodge No. 9 A. F. and A. M. under the Grand Lodge of Montana. By laws of Helena Lodge No. 3. By laws of Morning Star Lodge. Territorial papers : Herald, Independen Ncue-North treat, Avant Courier, Missoulian, Montanian, Madisonian, Record , News. The several officers discharged their re spective duties in an impressive and effective manner, after which Col. Sanders stepped forward and delivered the following very able and eloquent ORATION. Ladies and Gentlemen :—The achievements of labor are its own vindication, and they as sert its dignity and lineage. It is a decree of Providence that there shall be no harvest but from toil. The idler may sigh for the fruit age of ripening fields, but expectant indolence is doomed to perpetual disappointment. Life is an unending struggle. There is no rest but in the cradle and the grave. In all the do main of history,toil has garnered every 6heaf. She alone wears the coveted and priceless di adem. The fruitful field, the crowded city, the productive mine, the whitering sail, the distance-annihilating railroad and telegraph, the accomplishments of religion and the rev elations of science, are each her monument and lier praise. Without her presence am bition is a name. All nobility of character rests alone on her as its broad, its sole foun dation. Men honor labor, and have crowned it king of a universal empire. It is divine in its institution, iu its regulation, in its con quests. It is in recognition of labor that the Government of the United States has elected to construct the convenient and beautiful building, work upon which we have met to inaugurate with some signal and fitting cere mony. Those who have delved in our mines —however humble they or their labor—may find in this building an assurance that they are uot wholly forgotten. This is but the mttion's tribute to the persistence with which they have here toiled, to the enterprise with which they have wrought an old industry upon a new theatre, producing what is essen tial to national healthfulness, and what, next to honor and valor, contributes most to the consequence of our Republic in the great family of mitions. The people of Montana, even if they had less regard to the dictates of morality and the obligations of honor, are and must remain what, iu the slang of modern politics, are called "bullionists." They produce the pre cious metals. They could not, from the stand point of selfishness, look with indifference upon a forcible overturning and annihilation of the science or fact of values. Conceding that agriculture and commerce and manufac ture have imperative needs of larger measure of values, they yet recognize that it is be cause mining the precious metals ha9 not kept pace with these other industries that they thus suffer,and that to maintain that equi librium which natural laws dictate, there must be more attention paid to the produc tion of gold and silver to supply the necessi ties which these other industries require. If, in competition with our mining indus try, the printing presses of Washington may enter, and,re-enforced by Congressional legis lation, may successfully compete; if by joint resolution all discrimination of values may be annihilated; if it shall be gravely enacted into law' that one promise to pay money may be redeemed and satisfied by another promise to pay money, then indeed does the firm foundation of fact fall from beneath us—all experience and science come to naught, and the very earth itself—the type of substantial immovability—become but a vapor which passes away. Such a proposition, once estab lished, leaves nothing in the gold producing sections to be desired. No mine can be valu able; there is no ambition so low as in mining regions to find a field for activity or satisfac tion. Coal and iron and tin, it might seem, would still maintain their empire, while gold and silver would be but chaff. But, looking far ther, even these other metals, with the pro ducts of the soil, the loom and the forge would lose their value, because the very idea of paper money is an attack upon all essential values. It is, in short, an annhilation of val ues, so far as it is in the power of man to annihilate them. It is Congress locking horns with Nature—man in hostility to God. Such an experiment might have its day, but its course is short, and it can only bring shame to its devotees. All enterprise and business stand securely upon a basis of expe rience. But this basis it is proposed to de stroy; this foundation, it is thought, may be overturned. Never, while earth reposes, or orbs roll iu the infinity of space. Gold alone will still buy; silver yet still pay. The Divine is yet greater than the human; honor is yet more than chicanery; nor can adroitness trifle with the immutable, the universal. An act of Congress might produce confusion while nature was asserting with her omnipotent forces the fact of values, and from its hot house bring forth other Fisks, other Van derbilts, other Stewarts; but each of these financial monsters represents his thou sands and tens of thousands of victims, who else would five in competence contributing to the general prosperity and promoting the general welfare. Labor is the last to feel the benefits and the first to bear the burdens of interference with the laws of trade. Illegit imate wealth, therefore, may demand the ex periment of this trifling, but labor requires a fair field for its conquests. We may regret to confess it, but it is true, that a late difficulty lias demoralized our politics and has been the source of much evil. It has evolved a pestilent breed of heresies, but of them all inflation is the chief. The era of interference by force is followed by an era of interference by law, and upon this in terference theory of government is builded a proposition that adventitious legislative aids may create actual values. The strifes of our early history revealed differences of opinion as to the scope of Federal functions over the matter of paper money, but history does not show' that the absurdity of to-day in some places and by some men boldly avowed, found a covert, a hiding place, or a solitary disciple iu the former time. Are we drifting to commun ism ? Are we Paris in disorder, and without bayonets ? Are we lured by Law' and his Mississippi bubble ? What agriculture needs, what commerce needs, w'hat manufactures needs, is repose. That repose will show that our wonderful agricultural resources have drawn too many to agricultural pursuits ; that our Mississippi valley and our Pacific coast gardens have w on more than their share of labor and labor ers ; that the incitements of adventure have drawn too many to the sea in ships ; that the canals and railroads of the East have more than kept pace with business ; that the inven tive genius of our people has multiplied manu factures ; while our mines of gold and silver, rich and illimitable, have been ostracised by their remoteness. So that to-day the clamor for more money, is but a protest of Nature for an equilibrium. It is her command to the farmer that he leave his farm for the mines ; to the seaman that he abandon his ship for the land of gold ; to the manufacturer that his manual labor and his inventive genius be turned to the re duction of ores and the production of the precious metals. To-day it is her invitation, but to-morrow it will be her command. Acts of Congress cannot greatly delay nor at all turn her aside from her purpose. Na tions, parties, and men must obey her inexor able law. I have not desired upon this public occasion —this festival day—to say a word that should break harshly on any ear. I am aware that this question, if question it is, has entered politics, but happpily parties have not yet as sumed their position thereon. But among these people, jealous of the public faith,proud of the national honor, engaged in this essen tial and noble industry, assembled to lay the coruer stone of an edifice wffiere the govern ment proposes to manipulate your precious metals, aud stamp them with her image and superscription,and thereby give them curren cy among civilized men, it has seemed to me a proper time to assert—not party creeds, but public honor—not the sophistry of dema gogues, but the law of Nature. And, how ever those W'ords may break on other ears, it is grateful to know that here no exigencies of party strife, no seeming necessity of party success, has so lost you your senses that you think promises may be redeemed with prom ises irredeemable, except with new promises evermore. So secure do we feel in the strength of our position that gold and silver will ever remain the standard by which Com merce will regulate values, that from this standpoint we have scarcely felt solicitude at the attack which is being made upon it, and the needs of the Nation furnish us a van tage ground from which we can press upon the general government to develop its mining resources. We shall fail in an essential duty if, on all occasions when empirics and char latans clamor for paper money, we do not re. fute the proposition by a demand that the general government encourage by such w'orks as this building, by constructing highways, and by all proper and efficient methods the production of ils illimitable treasure of gold and silver. It were folly to deny the wholly un satisfactory condition of the mining in dustry hitherto. It has not been a legitimate industry. It has partaken too much of gamb ling. Its theater has been remote from cap ital and industry. Deserts have isolated it yet more. There has been too little of char acter in the individual representations which have been made of the productiveness or value or mines. The conditions of society have not sufficiently admitted of public and united effort for the promotion of an indus try, and the whole strife has partaken too much of the character of individual, private, and avaricious scheming. Fraud has entered too much into transactions looking to the de velopment of the industry, and the result is that capital looks at miuiug enterprises askant, and justly. But in this hour when capital looks for remunerative investment, a treat ment more just will lead to a better under standing, and to arrangements of mutual ad vantage. I observe an increasing interest in the ques tion when these mines of gold were first dis covered. Some reading upon this subject has satisfied me that the event is lost iu the night of history, and I am awed and interested as 1 enquire what probably occurred iu work ing these mines in pre-liistoric times. That races of men now possibly extinct—that na tions who have migrated toother lands—once delved here for gold, is in view of much fa ble and many myths which our earliest liter, ature records, not an improbability. Since we know anything of the sturdy races from whom we sprung they have possessed and preserved a story that in some vaguely lo cated Hesperian clime there was a profusion of "-Barbaric pearls and cold." 1 The idea has lured warriors to the West for centuries, aud churchmen and kings, hoping for a supply of "sinews" essential to the ac complishment of their aims, have cordially encouraged their ambitions. The elaboration of this idea furnishes a fertile field for the imagination, but it is beyond my province to day. Placing ourselves within the domain of actual aud reliable history, we know that when in 1808 Captain Merriwether, Lewis and William Clarke returned to Saint Louis they stated that they had here discovered mines of gold, and that lest their men should desert, an enterprise upon the success of which they had resolved, they concealed or belittled the value of the discovery. For them must be asserted and to them must be conceded the honor of having been the first discoverers of gold mines in Montana. The fact rests upon evidence which may net be contradicted. W'hat state polity dictated the concealment of the fact after their return is not so easy of discovery, but in the infancy of the Republic she had need of all her citi zens, and the condition of the public morality was then such that the principal nations of the earth possessed many of the attributes of highwaymen. We owe gratitude for the concealment when we contemplate what a different his tory our nation would else probably have had, and liow different would have been her destiny and her limits if the repose of these millions had been then disturbed. It was in the decrees of Providence that the nation's wealth should be preserved for the Ration's need. That thenceforward gold was occa sionally found by adventurers here would seem probable, but practically it may be said that in 1862 the discovery of the richness of these mines was first made known. For the thirteen years that have since elapsed, how generously has the earth kept her ancient promise, how bountifully has she yielded of her wealth at the magic touch of labor. An hundred thousand different men have here wooed her to yield them of her profusion, with varying but encouraging success, a large majority of whom Lave not scrupled to beau tify other lands with the wealth achieved in this. Few countries could survive such a continued drain upon their resources, and that our communities are so large and flour ishing attests the inexhaustible riches with which our country teems. Painfully con scious of the incompleteness and consequent unreliability of statistical information, I yet venture to say that to this date Montana has yielded ninety millions of dollars of gold and silver. To 1870 the production gradually in creased, but in recent years her yield has been less. To that time her principal yield was from placer mines, and was most wholly in gold. These placers are practically exhaust less, and our second centennial will reveal placer mining as a remunerative industry in the State of Montana. Increased facilities for working will widen the area of the coun try over which placer mining will pay. For the last five years Montana, in relation to her mining industry, has been entering a transition state, from placer to quartz min ing, and possibly from gold to silver mining, and tbis involves for a part of the period of transition a necessary decrease of production. Every step in this transition has been a sur prise. Those of us who thirteen years ago saw the wealth which was then revealed, failed to appreciate, nor dared to predict, the fabulous illimitability of it. Every pick struck during these years has increased our admiration of the shrewdness of Mr. Jeffer pon in his purchases of real estate. In view of the facts I opine the Yankees will forgive him. There is .another fact having relation to mining which is not sufficiently understood abroad. The preliminary labor essential to the development of a mine is disproportion ately great. A tunnel costing the reasonable acquisitions of a lifetime is the usual begin ning. Its use, however, is uot for to-day, nor for this generation alone. Through its wearisome length fortunes will be revealed and will be brought for many men for many generatif ns. And yet this preliminary work which is done for all time, is required of us as a condition precedent to any results what ever. I often think our children and those who come after us, for whom so much of this labor is doue, owe to the hardy aud enter prising discoverers and pioneers in mining industry measureless and unfailing gratitude. The isolation of these mines from the lines of approved methods of travelj from continued highways of commerce is anothei incubus grievous to be borne. The methods of reducing ores have not been greatly improved for five hundred years. It is a reproach to the inventive genius of our countrymen, that the processes of ex tracting the precious metals from ores are so largely mechanical rather than chemical. It has required the expenditure of money to ascertain the value of the metals extracted, and a long and dangerous line of communi cation along which theyjwere to beshipped has added to the burden. Happily the govern ment by this enterprise shows its apprecia tion of the industry, of the burdens under which it labors, and its disposition to come to our relief. It is to the praise of our people, and greatly commends their property that notwithstanding these accumulated burdens, the mining industry was never iu a condition so satisfactory as it is to-day. IIow wild were its devotees before ! How excited cool heads become at some of its strange freaks ! But to-day it is a solid, reasonable, remunerative industry, promising plenty now' and a competency hereafter to all. To-day we have mines that, were they accessible by approved communication,are worth millions. The whistle of the locomotive is to our min ing the voice of Destiny. The people of Montana have long desired the establishment within their borders of an institution such as this is to be. The}', by their Legislative as semblies, have memorialized Congress for its establishment;their delegates,Mr. Cavanaugh, Mr. Clagett and Mr. Maginnis have labored to arrest the attention of Congress for but an hour, aud call it to this necessity. We have published statistics of our production of gold and silver. In this labor our various news papers have been efficient aids. Our private citizens have aided in increasing the public knowledge of the wealth which here abounds. I should not discharge an imperative duty or fulfill what my own sense of justice com mends, if I did not mention gratefully the unwearied and unselfish labors of Mr. W. F. Wheeler in this regard. Without the result of his labors Montana is painfully barren of statistics as to her mines. After many delays an Act passed the two Houses of the XL1I. Congress, during the closing hours of its session, which had been prepared and forwarded by the active efforts of Mr. Clagett, our Delegate, establishing an Assay Office here for the uses of the people of Montana. At a time when he thought it secure from failure, it was defeated by the confusion of that hour when so much harm is done and so much of good fails—the clos ing hours of a legislative session. Nothing daunted, new memorials w T ere sent and a new bill introduced, with such result that on the 12th day of May, 1874, the President ap proved an Act to establish here an Assay Office. The designs for it were nearly com pleted by Mr. A. B. Mullett, then Supervis ing Architect for the Department of the Treasury—a position which he was fitted more by his skill in his profession and his devotion to his official duties than by his diplomacy in politics to fill. His successor in that office, Mr. Wiliam A. Potter, of a name and from a family justly dear to the American people, has perfected these plans, and they are upon this corner stone to be woven into reality in the structure now be gun. The personal supervision of the labor was given to our fellow-citizen, Mr. J. E. Blaine, who, called to other duties, resigned his position, and later our young and excel lent friend and citizen, Mr. M. A. Meyendorff, w T as selected to discharge the duties of super vision. Our Collector of Internal Revenue, Mr. T. P. Fuller, was appointed disbursing officer, Mr. Hugh Kirkendall has had charge of the excavation and Mr. Daniel Steele of the stone work, thus tar. That the work will go forward to completion with such speed as is consistent with security, the char acter of these men all, and of the superin tendent, is a sufficient assurance. This building belongs not to Helena. It belongs to the Territory—to all who shall de sire the labor which within its walls the Gov ernment purposes to perform. It is to be of utility; it is to be an ornament, but chiefly is it of use that it is the forerunner of advan tages which shall come to thi3 industry here after the prophecy and promise that the people begin to feel that the mining industry needs greater care. That its scope will be widened into a mint in a near future w r e feel assured. The fraternity of ancient Free and accept ed Masons is of respectable antiquity. Orig inally a guild of efficient craftsmen it has widened into a society with lodges and la borers in every land, teaching by symbols tbe cardinal virtues and inculcating by precept and example the performance of the highest and most serious duties of life. It is honora bly identified with the historic buildings of the earth, for it has builded some of the most elaborate edifices of which we are informed. A 3Iason, it is said, is to be a man of the world—a character which the brethren have not failed to vindicate by the interest which they have taken in all enterprises calculated to beautify and adorn the earth. By the un failing courtesy of the Superintendent the Grand Lodge of Montana was invited to signalize by ceremony the laying of this corner stone. That duty, in the presence of the Governor and other officials of the Terri tory and counties, it has now performed. The building to be thereon erected, we may confidently expect, will survive all of us who are witnesses of this ceremony. The indus tries of the future will surge around it in other hands than ours, but they will continue to be industries of our creation, and we cannot dismiss a yearning for their success. Not vainly have we toiled if we can be queath to our posterity the results already achieved, and the greater results the promise of which is so sure. That God will be pleased to prosper this undertaking, that he will bless with all felicity our noble country, that he will sift and preserve the truth from her every confusion, and give her peace, strength and prosperity until the last syllable of recorded time, is our perpetual and rever ent prayer. Following the oration the Grand Chaplain delivered the benediction, the procession re formed and inarched back to the hall, and the multitude dispersed through the city. IN'rsounl. —Judge Hiram Knowles arrived yesterday from Deer Lodge, en route for Virginia City, for which place he departed by coach this morning. The Judge will preside at part of the present session of the Court of the First District, after which he goes to Bannack to hold the October term of his own Court (Third District) for Beaverhead county. —Among other arrivals from the West Side, yesterday, were H. C. Kessler aud John S. Mills, of the New North- 1 Vest, Mr. S. A. Willey and P. E. Evans, Deer Lodge; W. L. Farlin, Butte; John B. Wilson and wife, Nevada Creek; II. Luce aud Morgan James, Blackfoot. —lion. S. W. Langhorne and Sheriff C. L. Clark arrived by private conveyance from Bozeman yesterday. The Herald acknowl- edges the courtesy of a call from these gen- tlemen this morning. The present is Mr. Langhorne's first visit to his old Helena friends in a period of five years. ---— -4 ««>► --- Hotel Arrivals* We note the following arrivals at the St. Louis : J D Conrad, Cave Gulch ; W m May ger, Silver City; J M. Scales, Jefferson City; Robt McDaggart, Jno Bucher, Red Bluff, California ; Dave O'Rear, Virginia Creek ; Z E Thomas, Glendale ; P. Kelly, N J Do venspeck, M. James, Hugh Reese, John Hughes, Blackfoot ; S G Mackey, Boulder ; J H Freezer, Missouri Valley ; Thos. Gray, French Bar; W L Farlin, Butte City; Hiram Knowles, Deer Lodge ; J no A Chartres, Dia mond City; A Knight, Net. Vestall ; J P Dyer, G Lambert, Clancy; F 31 Hauck, Avalanche ; II W Stevenson, J S Harrington, Spokane Bar ; Jas Mayne, Mrs Day, Canyon Ferry; Jno S Wilson, wife and three chil dren, Nevada Creek ; R W Miller, Irvin Hig gins, W Napton, Deer Lodge; W F Wood, Beaverhead: Jno R Gilbert, Jas Dobbins, Ben Young. Radersburg; Jno O'Mara, C A Scoffin, J M Jones, Unionville; F M Gra ham, A T Woods, city; M O'Rourke, Jno Hughes, Blackfoot; Martin Weller, Bitter root. At the International are registered the fol lowing : Henry Engelbrecht, Ed McLeod, J W Watzel, Geo W Todd, Virginia City; II Luce, Blackfoot ; S W Langhorne, C L Clark, Bozeman ; S A Willey, Deer Lodge ; J E Sites, Jefferson City ; D J Hogan, Sun River ; Geo Cleveland, Dry Gulch ; W Böt ling, Benton; Jacob Peterman, B Fish, Jules Horst, Missouri Valley; Wm Groshon, St. Louis, Missouri. At the Magnolia are registered G. H. Shmiel, M. Jewett, G. C. Klein, J. P. Dyas, G Tallern, Jas Maher, 31 Hacthawe. On the Overland register are S A Oliver, Geo 3Ietcalf, Boulder; Mat Evans, Deer Lodge; J A Donahue, F G Sturgeon, Clark's Creek; II C Wilkinson, Ten Mile; T II 3Iar- ay, Benton Road; T Card, Valley; G Straub, Philippsburg; 31 Pierce, Unionville; Ed Far- rell, ITolter's Mill; G Sathern, Jackson Creek; W Hickly, F Roberts, S Harp, Silver City; J T McLane, 31 Neel, E J Robinson, T Bul- list, H Smith, A Romann, W F Wood, Paul Ducter, H Metcalf. --m- ■+* 44£Sn> r* ■« ---- A Bu«l Stale of Affaifs. Albany, September 29. — The Jagger Iron Co., whose blast works, etc., cost $561,000, is found in such a condition as to produce fears that the stockholders have lost nearly their entire investment. Their heaviest cred- itors are the Pennsylvania coal companies, and they are secured by a mortgage on the property. An investigation of the affairs is now going on. ---^ ------ BiuniMied tor Corruption. New York, September 29.—Captain Henry Burden, of the 12th police precinct, tried before the Police Commissioners on a charge of corruption, was dismissed by tbe unani- mous vote of the Board. A number of police were dismissed on the same charges. These dismissals were brought about by the recent Legislative investigation. -- — -< I Mi I >»Mii ----- Died. New York, September 29.—Ned O' Bald- win died this morning.