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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
B. E. FISK, .......................... Editor. TIIL RS DAY,JANtAB¥13, 187«. THE MESSAGE. As usual, Governor Potts in Ills message, advocates the reduction of the pay of all offi cers—except himself. He is a reformer. He would like to reform money out of every body's pocket except his own. He is virtu ous where it doesn't cost him anything. His solicitude over the reduction of taxation is a case of pure, disinterested generosity. It shows true nobility of character. Paying no taxes himself, although said to be worth in money from tweuty to twenty-five thousand dollars—all accumulated during his five years' sojourn in Montana—thi- extreme anxiety over the subject of taxation comes of his gen uine love of the people. Ho would double up the offices. He wend make the Probate Judge perform his •'vn duties and those of County Clerk. He would make the Sheriff do the duty of Treasurer also. While rec ommending these measures of economy, why did lie suggest that any notary public might perform the duties of the Executive, and save to the Territory the useless and expensive luxury of a Governor'/ Certainly this office might be consolidated with the most humble, and yet not be burdensome to the incumbent. Anybody can sign the commissions of no taries, especially where they receive three dollars for it; and almost any one can write messages to the Legislature, judging from the character of those we have had for the past few years. Then why not adopt a recom mendation of his Excellency as to doubling up the offices, and attach that of the Execu tive to that of Constable or Night Watchman? It would be a measure of economy. It would save taxation, and this is the demagogue cry that is expected to win. The reduction of the fees of other officers is a mania with the Governor. He urged the reduction of the pay of the judges while they were receiving more than he did, and while doing this he so managed his cards as to have his own pay increased. Of course, every body knows that the judges do more w r ork in writing an opinion in a single case than does the Governor in the course of a whole year; but so far as his own office is concerned he seems to act upon the theory that the less an officer has to do the more he should be paid. Gov. Potts stands in a peculiarly strange position to recommend the reduction of fees. What he says in his message in this respect should command universal respect. Just see how forcibly his own case as to fees sustains what he says as to the fees of others. When he came to the Territory his salary was $2, 500 a year, lie has, while laboring with all might to reduce the fees of other officers, labored equally -as hard to have his own in creased, and has so far succeeded that his salary is now $0,500 per year, with $1,000 for expenses, which, through his own private household lie manages to put into his own pocket. Being therefore better paid than any'- other officer in the Territory for his services, and having caused the increase of his own salary, he stands in a peculiarly strong position to urge the reduction of the fees of those offi cers who have something to do, and whose pay does not half equal that of his own. No doubt the Legislature will see at once with what force this recommendatiou comes. Thus speaks the message upon the subject of fees. But it was not designed by his Ex cellency that the people should hear what lie had to say on the subject, for when the Herald applied for a copy of the message for publication, the request was peremptor ily refuted. Whether this refusal arose from the fact that his Excellency was ashamed to have the document read generally by the pub lic w'e do not know, but we are certain of the refusal. And so we have a Governor who prostitutes his office and makes it the instru ment to vent some personal spite. For shame on such doings ! What would be thought of a judge who should use his great office to pay some petty revenge or spite he had against one or the other of the parties? He would be a perjured vagabond, and shunned and avoided by all honest men. Is his Excellency the Governor of all the people, or of only a few fawning favorites? Does he write his messages for a few flatterers who praise at his face and curse behind his back? Does he pretend to deny to the people the right to read his state papers, however weak and silly they may be? So it seems; but our enterprise bas again, as heretofore, defeated the dictates of a petty revenge, and showed to the people the humiliation of seeing the Executive pros titute his office to personal purposes. The enterprise Avhich characterized the Herald in laying the Governor's message before the public eight hours previous to its submission to the Legislative Assembly, and twelve hours in advance of its appearance in the Independent , impells the Bourbon paper to confess that it w'as a "shrewd device." Well, yes, there teas shrewdness in it, and however much it may have been a "deyice," it Avas a creditable performance for which the Herald has been overwhelmed with con gratulations. "Herald Extra—Governor's Message!" shouted our lively carrier-boy. Barret sprung from his couch, rushed to thv. door, and with a frantic, nervous dart, pounced upon the sheet, fresh from the press, nor stopped to hide his naked legs in the open door way. It was a stunner, and Bareet owned an hour later that he couldn't have been half so star tled had it been a "fire alarm." til of the the THE PRINT»« BILE. a The Herald has directed the attention of Legislators to a dangerous piece of law mak ing attempted to be imposed upon the people of Montana. We refer to the so-called Print ing Bill, which, without due consideration, and without a possible chance for the mem bers to properly acquaint themselves with its provisions, was hastily crowded through the Council yesterday. We have said that theft and fraud are contemplated by this bill. We repeat that assertion. It is a measure that has not been permitted to meet the light of day. It was not allowed to be printed that members might intelligently 1 ' inform them selves of the meaning of its provisions, or of their effect if enacted into a law. Council men, we are prone to believe, were deceived and misled by those outside of the hall per sonally interested in and engineering this job. There is no possible excuse on the part of the House to permit this villainous bill to have a show to pass without the most careful scrunity and after due and deliberate consid eration. The Herald has given timely warn ing of the gigantic robbery which the mea sure contemplates. There is no computing the cost to the Territory and to the several counties if the bill becomes a law. We have not time to-day to expose the extent of this steal in detail or even to guess its magnitude. Take just one item—that part of the bill which providesfor the publication of the laws iu an official newspaper, to be designated by the Governor and the Presiding officers of the two Houses. Two dollars per square of teu lines nonpareil measurement is allowed for one publication. There are over three squares in every thousand, (or thirt} r -seven lines) of nonpareil. The cost to the Terri tory, therefore, for each and every thousand measurement of the laws, published iu said official newspaper, would amount to nearly Seven Dollars' Say that the laws of the pres ent session measure as much as tlie laws of the last regular session, the publication of the same as proposed would cost the Terri tory upwards of Three Thousand Dollars! Take one other paragraph of the bill, relat ing to legal advertisements. It provides, as we learn, for printing such advertisements by official newspapers at the rate of $2 per square of ten lines of nonpareil for one in sertion. This is a considerable increase over present rates. Legal advertisements are published for a stated number of times. At present the rate is $2.50 for the first publication, and $1.50 for each subsequent insertion, per square. The bill now on hand proposes $2 a square for one insertion, and the same figures obtain for each and all subsequent insertions. Com pute, now, the difference in the cost of a le gal advertisement for thirty days' publication at the present and proposed rate, and then find, if you can, where this fifty per cent, re duction comes in! We are waiting anxiously to see the bill. But it is kept out of reach, and thus far we have not been able to lay it before the public. It is a rotten job—a cheat and a fraud, which we shall soon be able to show to the satisfaction ot every man in Montana. EXAMINE THE MATTER. We ask the attention of the public and of the Legislature to the second clause of the Independent article of this morning, entitled, ''The Printing Bill," and the following an swer of the Herald: The entire amount received for copies of laws during the five years Secretary Callaway has been in office will not exceed five hun dred dollars—or in other words, will not av erage over one hundred dollars per annum. The Secretary does not handle one dollar of Territorial money or warrants for any pur pose whatever. He does not handle any but United States funds. Has never made any contract for printing, or given out any print ing whereby the Territory of Montana is charged with one cent. It is susceptible of proof that all the fees the Secretary has received from every source, including the codified copies of laws, will not average over two hundred and fifty dollars per annum. All the money that the Secre tary pays or is authorized to pay for printing has to be measured , and the specific amount has to be allowed and ordered paid at the Treasury Department in Washington. In all the Secretary does in the way of having print ing done and the pa 3 f ment therefor, is done undér specific written instructions from the Treasur 3 r Department. THE BILL. The Herald this evening lays before tbe public the full text of the Printing Bill, Avliich we are only enabled to do by resort to a "shrewd device, ' as the Bom bon paper would term it. The intention of the jobbers and pushers of this iniquitous bill Avas to keep it out of sight, and especially out of prinr, un til it could be crowded through the two Houses of the Assembly. It was rushed through the Council in hot haste, and in the House the same game w'as attempted. A few' resolute members put themselves in the way of the scheme, and, temporarily at least, checked its progress. Let the people w'atch the members and their votes as recorded in the proceedings. The record will greatly in terest the public in future times. We pro nounce the bill without parallel in Territorial Legislation in the enormity of the robbery covered by its provisions. Read it, good people of Montana—Republicans and Demo crats—and judge for yourselves whether tbe Herald over-estimates the magnitude of tbe public steal which lurks in this infamous measure. j j j j : j I HOW IT WAS RECEIVED BY THE LEG ISLATURE. One of the most amusing scenes witnessed of late years in a deliberative body was that happening in the House of the Legislative Assembly yesterday (Tuesday) afternoon at the hour set for having the Governor's mes sage read. The Council had, the previous da} r , stipulated by resolution to meet the House at the time designated and for the pur pose named, but owing to the fact that one and all of the members, in common with the rest of mankind, had on the morning of Tues day been provided by the enterprise of the Herald with a full acquaintance of the mes sage, the Council at the morning sitting yes terday rescinded its resolution. The House was therefore alone when his Excellency the Governor, through his Private Secretary, ap peared before that bod} r to submit his state paper. The Clerk, having received the message, commenced to read, when the member from Madison, Mr. Word, was observed to rise from his seat, and in a clear, sonorous voice moved that the further reading of the docu ment be dispensed with, and that its further consideration be committed to the Committee of the Whole. Sanders, of Lewis and Clarke, rose to a point of order—that the House,by resolution, was pledged to meet the Council in joint ses sion. Point not sustained. Word's motion was then carried, and the reading of the message was discontinued. A communication was read from the Coun cil, stating that that body had reconsidered its resolution to meet the House iu joiut ses sion to receive the Governor's message. Sanders then moved that the reading of tiie message be proceeded with. He said that although through the live enterprise of one of the local papers legislators liad the message in full laid before them at an early hour in the morning, courtes}' would suggest that the House hear the document read. The motion prevailed, when the Clerk with listless, amused and laughing auditors, pro ceeded with the reading. Worden, of Missoula, arose and moved that that portion of the message embodying the lengthy Yellowstone report of Col. Forsythe be omitted. Sanders jocularly remarked that everybody wanted that piece about distances read. Word moved to amend by substituting the words, "further reading of the Governor's message." Motion as amended, prevailed—ayes, 15; nays, 9. The reading was discontinued and the House adjourned. Such is a brief history of the reception and disposal of Governor Potts' message by the Ninth Legislative, Assembly. The truth of the matter is there was a deal of presumption on the part of the Governor to insist, under the circumstances, that the Legislature should be bored with the reading of tlie message. Eveiy member had ahead}' perused it and familiarized themselves with its contents. Copies of the Herald, containing the full text of the document, had been on the mem bers' desks hours before its formal presenta tion, and what more did legislators want? It was an encroachment upon lhe valuable time of the House, and its reading was contrary to the notions of economy preached by the Gov ernor. probably never before was an execu tive paper sent to a legislative body under similar discouragements. The House meant no discourtes}' to the Governor in declining to hear the message read. In his predica ment, the neat and proper thing for the Gov ernor to have done was—what? Why, sim ply to have referred the Legislature to the Herald with the remark—"That wide-awake, enterprising and valuable journal contains it all." WIIAT IT COSTS THE TERRITORY TOR PRINTING. For two years—1874, 1875—the Herald, being the lowest bidder, has done all the Ter ritorial w'ork, such as liceuses, tax receipts, warrants, blanks for collection of statistics, letter heads and envelopes, and all legal ad vertising. For this work in 1874 the Her ald received $ 386 . 25 , and in 1875, $ 332 . 60 ! This comprises the total cost to the Territory for all work done, w ith the exception of a few legal advertisements in cost not exceeding $100 during the tw T o years. The practice of letting the w'oik to the lowest j bidder has only been in vogue during the past j three years— and it has proven to he an an nual sa ving to the Territory ofbeUccen $2,500 end $3,000 per year ! Legislators, look to the records of tlie Territory for these facts, The people demand that the public printing shall no to the lowest bidder. The Independent man is good at figures. He has the credit of drawing up the "Print ing Bill," under the provisions of which twenty thousand dollars can he drawn from the Treasury of the Territory within one year from the date of its passage. And noAv he coolly tells the public that it reduces the cost one hundred and fifty per cent ! At this rate the rate the Public Printer would pay the Territory OA er one dollar per square for the privilege of doing the work. Barrett is a great philanthropist, hut he is advised to brush up a little in mathematics. Tue pilgrim does not propose to become a pauper if the Legislature can be induced to make him a prince. Executia'E inquiry: ' now?" The Herald next door neighbor. 'And Avho can I trust Goyernor, is your The courage with which Messrs. Word and YIcCormick yesterday championed the Printing Bill in the House, was worthy of a better cause. Mr. Word favored the meas ure, notwithstanding he believed Col. San ders was correct in stating that it was in con travention of the Organic Act. Mr. McCor mick desired none to lose sight of the fact that he was a Democrat, and that the bill was a Democratic bill. He thought it the Repub licans had a majority in both houses of the Legislative Assembly of Montana, they would be just as partisan as the Democrats were, and strong enough to enact a law which would take from every Democratic newspa per in the Territory the public printing, and give it to the Republican papers, even as this law transfers the public patronage from Re publican to Democratic journals. Let these gentlemen and their colleagues acting with them be placed right on the record. The very proper suggestion of Col. San ders in his speech yesterday, that obscene newspapers should be ineligible to public partronage of any sort, raises up against that fearless champion of the people and their rights, all that is vulgar and vituperative in the Bourbon sheet. But all the dirty lam pooning of the beastly person w T ho straddles the tripod of the Independent and prostitutes its colums to bawd}'-house indecencies, can in nowise soil the reputation of one whose life is linked with others in conflicts that have made their names the synonym of courage, of integrity, and of heroism, and whose acts are part of the best history of 3Iontana. Let the Pilgrim keep in tlie background when lie cannot show himself more than a blackguard. Barrett says the new printing bill con templates two dollars a square—it don't make any difference how many times any adver tisement is published. Bosh ! Ask any pub lisher or practical printer to read the bill and tell you how he understands and construes it. Two dollars per square for every insertion can be collected, and it Avas so intended by the originator of the bill. If the bill means that only the first insertion shall be paid for, why does it not say so ? It is said that some people haA r e Avhat is called "spontaniety," and some haven't; but nobody ever sat down on a pin cushion yet without manifesting something surprisingly like it. The pilgrim editor ot the Independent claims the paternity of the printing bill gouge. Very likely. We doubt if another rascal of his calibre could be found to share the odium of that scheme of plunder with him. Washington advices state that John Young, of New York, has been appointed Indian Agent at Fort Peck. Messages and other documents printed in the latest style and on the shortest notice. Apply at the Herald office. Orders by telegraph for supplement edi tions of the Governor's message are pouring in upon us from the country press. J. C. Q. Lamar is the new U. S. Senator elect from Mississippi. "No poor-house iu mine," says the Pil grim. "I can get a palace as well as Tweed." Redemption of Legal Tenders. Washington, January 6.— The following is the full text of the bill introduced by Mor rill, of Vermont, to provide for the redemtion of legal tender United States notes, in accord ance with the existing law: Be it enacted , That to further enable tbe Secretary of the Treasury to provide for the redemption of the legal tender United States notes, in accordance with the existing laAA r , he be authorized to issue, sell and dispose of at not less than par in United States tegal ten der notes, either of the descriptions of bonds of the United States, bearing interest at a rate not exceeding 4£ percent., described in the act of Congress July 14th, 1870, entitled An Act to authorize the refunding of the na tional debt, with like guarantees, privileges and exemptions to the extent necessary to carry into full effect the act of Congress ap proved January 14th, 1875, entitled "An Act for the resumption of specie payment," and use the proceeds thereof for the purposes aforesaid ; and said legal tender notes so ob tained upon the issue of said bonds shall be held and considered as part of the final re demption of such notes provided for in the act of Congress herein last mentioned, and shall be treated accordingly and cancelled ; provided that the principal of the bonds herein authorized may be made redeemable at any time not less than 30 nor exceeding 40 years from the date of issue ; that, all con tracts entered into or made after the first day of January, 1878, be payable in accordance with the legal tender standard of gold and silver, unless otherwise provided at the time of the contract ; that all national banking as sociations shall be, and are hereby required to hold in coin, as part of their lawful money reserve on and after January 1st, 1877, of one-fourth, after the 1st of January, 1878, of one-half, and after the 1st of October, 1878, of three-fourths. The Mississippi U. S. Scnatorship. Jackson, (Miss.) January 6.—Lamar Avas nominated by acclamation by the Democratic caucus for United States Senator. Confirmations of the Senate. Washington, January 7. —The Senate in executive session confirmed Geo. H. Sew r ard Minister to China, Ayers P. Merrill Minister to Belgium, and Cyrus C. Carpenter, of Iowa, Second Comptroller of the Treasury Depart ment. Montana legislature tive Assembly. Proceedings of the Ninth Le°isl*i COI'NCIL—EonrHi Dh,v. Helena, January G, 187G. i C * OU ?ÏÜ 'V l r calle<1 to order by the Presi dent at 10 o clock, a. m. Roll called. Quorum present. Jhe Journal ot yesterday read and approv The Governor's Seeretarv was announced with a message from his Excellency Cullen presented a report from tho Com mittee on Joint Rules, which Avas referred tn the Committee on printing. Horn buckle gave notice of a bill relative to the regulation and location of water rights Hays gave notice of a bill to repeal an "act concerning the management of live stock and protecting the interests of stock growers in the Territory of Montana," H. B. No. 3, to repeal certain provision of an "Act for security of costs in certain cases," was read and referred to tlie Judciary Committee. Hornbuckle offered a resolution directing the Sergeant-at-Arms to procure the daily and weekly papers of Montana for the use of the members. Laid over until the afternoon ses sion. A message from the House was announced Cullen submitted reports from the Govern or, as follows: "Report of the Directors of the Territorial Penitentiary," "Territorial La\v Library," "Historical Society," and "Superintendent of Public Instruction.'' On motion of Watson thev were rend and refer red. Lewis called up the resolution to proceed to the election of Chaplain. Tatem offered the following substitute for the original, which Avas agreed to; yeas 11, nays 2. Resolved , That the Chief Clerk of the Coun cil be directed to request the voluntary serv ices of the various denominations in this place to ofiiciate as Chaplain to this body at the opening of the daily sessions by such ar rangements as may be most convenient to them. Graham offered the following, Avhieli was agreed to: Resolved, That the Secretary of the Terri tory be requested to inform the Council what printing, and the amount thereof,he is author ized to have executed lor the Legislative As sembly at the expense of the United States. A motion to take up the report of the Com mittee on Joint Rules Avas laid on the table and the Printing Committee requested to de lay printing the same until the rules were adopted by both houses. On motion, the Council took a recess until 2 o'clock p. in. The Council met at 2 p. m. and went into Executive session, after which Watson moved that the Secretary of the Territory be re quested to f urnish the members of the Coun cil with four hundred copies of the Gover nor's Message. Amendments Avere offered by Cullen and Hays to reduce tlie number to two hundred and one hundred. Tatem moved to lay the resolution, to gether with the amendments, on the table, which Avas agreed to—yeas, 11 ; nays, 2. The President laid before the Council n communication from the Secretary of the Territory, in reply to a resolution of the Council for four copies for each member, of the daily papers, seating that there were no funds that could be appropriated for this purpose, and directing attention to the pro ceedings of the last Assembly on the same subject. Cullen called up the amendment to the Eighth Joint Rule, which was concurred in. On motion of Hays the Council then ad journed. HOUSE—Eonrlla Day. House met at 10 o'clock p. m., pursuant to adjournment. Langhorne, Speaker, in the Chair. Roll called; quorum present. Prayer by Chaplain. Yesterday's Journal read and approved. McCormick, of Missoula, was sworn in and took his seat. Sanders gave notice that on to-morrow or some subsequent day he would introduce a bill to define and punish certain crimes there in mentioned. Curtis gave notice of a bill to amend an act entitled, "An act relative to roads and liighAvays." Worden offered a resolution to amend the rules by adding Standing Committees upon Roads and Highways, and Territorial Affairs and to increase the Judiciary Committee from 3 to 5. Passed. Under the head of unfinished business,San ders moved that the reading of the Governor's message be now proceeded Avith. Worden moved to amend by omitting the portions containing Colonels Forsythe and Grant's reports. The amendment was object ed to. The motion to proceed with the reading ol the message Avas then put and lost. Ayes, 9; nays, 14. Word, Chairman of tlie Committee ou Joint rules, submitted bis report. Report received and committee discharged. The rules Avere then read, amended and approved. Sanders moved to amend House rule 3s, leaving it optional Avitli the Speaker to a; - point either 3 or 5 upon standing committees, instead of 3, as before provided. Carried. Council Bill No. 1 was read first time in full and second time by title. Sweeney moved to refer the bill to a select committee of three. Sanders moved that it be referred to the Committee on Printing and ordered printed. Seconded by Carmichael. Word seconded Sweeney's motion, and some sparring ensued as to which motion was before the House. The Chair decided that Sanders' motion Avas in order. Curtis moved to amend by referring to a select committee. Sanders spoke at length in favor of having the bill printed so that each member might examine and vote intelligently upon the same. It lias been said that the bill contained a "nigger in the Avoodpile," and the endeavor . to refer it to a select committee avouM tend to confirm the suspicion. Word objected to the bill going to the prin ter, thereby delaying final action by the I louse for a week. The ayes aud nays Avere called for on the amendment to refer the bill to a select com mittee. The vote stood as follows, fining strictly a party vote :