Newspaper Page Text
mk S a a« H •i «5 5o Volume io. Helena, Montana, Thursday, January 27, 1876. No. THE WEEKLY HERALD FUBUHHKD KVYBY THURSDAY MORXIKG. *. j w >isS*' }FISK BEOS., Publishers TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. TERMS IX )K THE DA It. Y IIEltALD. City HabscritxTN (delivered by carrier) ]ier month, f3 00 by MAII_ One copy one month..........................t 3 00 One copy thrw; months ........................ ^6 00 Oho copy nix months........................... 12 00 Oue copy one year..............................22 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. < Hu- year ........................... f6 00 Six months...................................... 4 00 Three months................................... 2 50 THE RAILROAD Mass Meeting at the County Court House. Addresses by W. Mihior Roberts iuid Gen. Geo. Stark. The Herald's announcement for a public meeting to bo addressed by Gen. George Stark, Vice-President, and W. Milnor Roberts,Chief Engineer, of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company, drew to the Court House a very large and intelligent assemblage, anxious to see and hear the distinguished visitors. The bar of the Court room was principally occu pied by Legislators, most if not all the mem bers of both houses being present. The seat ing space of the body of the house, aisles.and lobby wore solidly packed with the leading citizens of Helena, and many prominent vis itors from other parts of the Territory. lion. W. J. McCormick, of Missoula, cnil Cii (ho meeting to order, aud on motion. Asso ciate Justice Knowles, of the Supreme Court, was chosen to preside. The Judge said that, in consenting to take the chair, he desired it to be understood that his action was not to be construed as an in dorsement on his part of any particular rail road scheme. He knew something of the temper of the people of Montana. They de sired a railroad. The subject for some years had largely engaged their attention, and every day more and more showed their earnest ness in the matter. He would like to be con vinced that the present western terminus of the Northern Pacific was not too remote from the settled portions of Montana to be soon available to the already urgent wants of the people. The Northern Pacific had been our first love, but hopes doferred had chilled the hearts of the people, and more than prom ises were now required to kindle anew' the earlier affection and re-establish the con fidence of the past. On motion, a committee of three, consist ing of W. J. McCormick, J. G. Spratt, and Grauville Stuart, was appointed to wait up on and escort Gen. Stark and Mr. Roberts to the stand. The gentlemen soon made their appearance escorted by the committee, and were received with applause. W. MILNOR Ito UK UTS SPEECH. Mr. Roberts first addressed the meeting, lie prefaced his remarks with a reference to statements he had made to the people of Mon tana some years ago, respecting the feasibil ity of the general route of the N. P. Railroad between the east and west along this latitude and its capabilities of yielding a profitable business; adding, that the surveys afterward made by the company had established its feasibility, and that nothing had occurred to lessen the intrinsic value of the Territories through which it is to run. That although the placer gold mining had decreased—mainly for want of capital needed to construct more extensive works for the conveyance of water —quartz mining was on the increase; and a new and valuable element, sheep-raising and wool, had been added to the natural products of the country and was rapidly becoming a very important item of Montana commerce. The claim made by many of your intelligent citizens, who have resided in the different Territories, that Montana is by far the best in natural resources, as far ns I can judge, ap pears to be well founded. The same, or sim ilar enterprises, which have developed the mining and other capacities of Utah, Color ado and Nevada, will probably lead to even greater results in Montana. In 1861), the year of the opening of the only continental line yet completed, and soon after it commenced running, I traveled over it under favorable auspices for observing its location, its then proposed terminus on the Pacific at Ban Francisco, and the incipient mining interests along the route. The conclusion to which I then arrived was-quite contrary to the gener al opinion freely expressed by travelers and others, who were pretty unanimously of the opinion that it would be a financial failure, i thought I saw iu it elements of probable success, and I gave expression at the time to this belief in articles which were published iu the newspapers of the East. I had no inter est iu the road then, or at any time before or since, and my judgment was not formed from anything which had occurred in its financial management; but wholly upon the fact of its trans-continental character, and as a means of speedily developing the resources of the interior Territories through which it in to to ful to of by the the der the ize, by is, is of to the the It of 00 00 a a I it passes. I may say, here, parenthetically, that I afterward ventured a sort of prophecy in Helena, which has not been fulfilled; to the effect that we hoped and expected to take the citizens of Montana, including the ladies, to the Centennial in Philadelphia, in 1876, all the way by rail. So far as the ladies are concerned, I can only say now, that I am here, ready to escort them to the nearest sta tion, and thence by rail to Philadelphia. The circumstances which stopped the on ward movement of the Northern Pacific rail road, and which prostrated many other great interests and individual fortunes, are well known to all of you, and need not now be discussed. Lamantatious are useless. Our duty as men is to endeavor to recover the lost ground at the earliest practicable moment; and the present seems to be a propitious time to resume active operations. Labor, cross ties, iron, and all materials and supplies need ful are lower now than they have been for years. Contractors of undoubted experience and ability are ready to take contracts at moderate prices, and thus the cost of the ex tension of the railroad west of the Missouri will be reduced to the lowest rate per mile. The railroad company now owns on its eastern end a sufficient number of locomotives and cars to run the road four or five hundred miles be yond Uisumrek; and ample for the convey ance of the material, anpplleo marl men ic quired for the work. Fort Abraham Lincoln stands on the west side of tile Missouri, op posite Bismarck, ready to protect the advance of the road across western Dakota into Mon tana, and other forts are promised on the Yellowstone, as soon as it shall be apparent that the railroad w ill be in the course of con struction along that Valley. The Öioux question, that is, the final set tlement of the difficulties, dangers, und enor mous annual expenses to the government, connected with tne attempted management of these warlike savages, will, it is perfectly weil understood, be put at rest at once and forever, by the construction of the Northern Pacific railroad through the Ik. ellow'stone \ alle} into the heart of Montana. In the effort of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company to prose cute their work westward from the Missouri, the hearty co-operatiou of the Government is therefore assured. T he officers of the Arm} who are most familiar with this great Indian question, see in the construction of this rail road the final solution of the problem of sub stituting for the useless roving Indian supre macy thoughout this region, the reign of or der and progress of white civilization. An other year should not be lost in seeking this vital consummation—the final settlement of the Indian question in connection with the Territories of Dakota and Montana; and it need not be, if all parties interested harmon ize, and apply their united energies to the task. No parties are more interested in this matter than the people of Montana. The characteristics of the route of the Northern Pacific Railroad, although they have often been stated, are so peculiarly favorable as to be at all times worthy of ex amination and study. At the time the Gov ernment made the surveys of the three Con tinental routes, in 1858-54, the Northern, surveyed by Governor Stevens, was generally conceded to be, in its topographical features, by far the most advantageous ; but the cir cumstances of succeeding years led to the formation of the two companies, which, pa tronized by the Government, constructed the first Continental lino between Omaha and Sacramento, and to San Francisco. Chicago is, however, the practical eastern terminus of one prong of that Continental line, because it strikes the lake navigation ; while St. Louis is the terminus of the other prong, because it there strikes that commanding position on the Mississippi. Between Chicago, on Lake Michigan, and San Francisco, the railroad distance is twenty-four hundred miles. The Northern Pacific Railroad has its eastern terminus at the head of Lake Superior, be cause it there meets the splendid navigation of the Great Lakes ; and this point is only two thousand miles by the railroad route, passing through Montana, to Puget Sound, on the Pacific, where, owing to its position on the coast, there is an advantage of about seven to eight hundred miles between the United States and Japan, etc., as compared with the sailing lines from San Francisco. And the western terminus on Puget Sound, in the Territory of Washington, has a climate where severe winters are unknown, and is sur rounded by primeval forests of timber—the grandest on the globe—already yielding an nually over two hundred millions of feet of lumber for the supply of San Francisco, China and Japan. It is substantially a valley route, between Lake Superior and the Pacific, the only ex ceptions being the Belt Range east of Boze man, and the Main Divide of the Rocky Mountains. These summits are only about seventeen hundred feet above the valleys of gradual approach, and about six thousand feet above the sea; being more than two thousand feet lower than Sherman summit on the Union Pacific, and more than one thou sand feet lower than the summits on the Cen tral Pacific. In fact, the entire range of country aloDg the Union Pacific line for more than four hundred miles, is higher than the highest summit on the Northern Pacific. It is well known, also, that the Northern route runs through regions not subject To material obstruction from snows. Montana is the Central Territory, with au area about throe limes as great as the State of Pennsylvania. Its interior is five hundred miles distant from any railroad facilities, such as are enjoyed by the other Territories. Helena, the principal commercial emporium, is within about one hundred and forty miles of stage and wagon road from Fort Benton, the head of navigation on the Missouri—four thousand miles from its mouth, aud about the same distance by the river from Pitts burgh. The Missouri is navigable to Fort Benton for loaded steamers during a few months of the spring and early summer. To Cow Island, about two hundred mile# by the river below Fort Benton, it is navigable for light draught steamers most of the season. Within a few years another shipping post for Montana has been established at Carroll, about three hundred miles by river below Fort Benton. This point is about four hun dred and fifty miles above the mouth of the Yellowstone, and about eight hundred and fifty miles above Bismarck, at the present terminus of the Northern Pacific Railroad. It is about two hundred and fifty miles by the new wagon road from Helena to Carroll. From Bismarck by the railroad route to the Yellowstone river at the mouth of Glendive creek, it is two hundred and five miles. From Glendive creek to Powder river, about fifty miles. From Powder river to mouth of Big Horn, about one hundred and sixty miles. From Big Horn to mouth of Shields' river, about one hundred and thirty miles. From Shields' river to the "Three Forks," or head of Missouri river, about sixty-eight miles. Making the entire railroad distance from Bis marck to 'Three Forks," about six hundred and thirteen miles. On a final location it may be a few miles more or less. By our railroad survey it is seventy miles from the Three Forks to Helena. It will, therefore, be about one thousand and sixty-three miles from the "Three Forks" to the eastern terminus at Lake Superior, and from Helena, about eleven hundred and thirty-three miles. From Helena to Kahuna, forty miles below Port land, on the Columbia river, by our survey, it is just eight hundred miles, and to Tacoma, the western terminus on Puget Sound, nine hundred and five miles. These distances serve to show where Montana is, with refer ence to the eastern and western water lines of the Continent. Montana is eminently a grazing region, and there can be no question that it is des tined, when favored with proper railroad facilities, to become the leading Territory of the Union in raising aud shipping, eastward and westward, cattle, horses, and^wool, and mutton, not to be surpassed by aDy the world can produce. What it needs is a railroad, to place it in connection with the other parts of the United States, that these products may be profitably disposed of. But Montana is also a great mining region, perhaps the greateet that has ever yet been known in the world. Montana is one of the youngest of the Terri tories—only a child of some ten or twelve years' growth—yet she has sent out, for the benetit°of the whole country, during that brief period, about onu hundred millions of dollars from her miner Bhe has not only mines of gold and silver, but rich lodes of copper, beds of iron ore, and valuable coal mines, all of which are awaiting the helping hand of capital for their profitable develop ment. Transportation has become oneof the most important elements of our national existence. This is largely owing to the immense size of our country and the remoteness of its various sections from each other. All the resources of brains and money have been put in requi sition to reduce the cost and time of carrying the almost boundless productions of our peo ple between distant districts. The proper arrangement and manipulation of more than three°miliions of square miles of a national domain, so as to best accommodate its present and future busy populations, is a labor of statesmanship, calling for the highest and best trained judgments. It has become ob vious that the country must rely, for its de velopment and for the efficient transaction of its already vast and growing business, mainly upon railroads connecting the distant interior with its ocean front and its navigable water courses. Montana is to be connected by railroads with the Pacific ocean in the west, and with the Atlantic slope and its network of rail roads, and its rivers and lakes, in the east. If Montana desires to become a branch Ter ritory—a Cinderella among her sister Terri tories—she can do so by depending upon a branch railroad, letting her out by the cir cuitous route of the Union Pacific and Cen tral Pacific; but if Montana is the great Ter ritory it is claimed to be, and which 1 sin cerely believe it to be, it is certainly worthy of a main trunk line running east und west through her territory. lam not an opponent of narrow-gauge railroads, for I know that they are advantag eous iu many places, and 1 am well satisfied that they will prove to be particularly so us branches and feeders to main lines in the Rocky Mountain country. I am not an op ponent of the proposed narrow-gauge run ning north and south over the passes inter-, vening between the Union Pacific and Mon tana. If constructed, I believe it will become a useful feeder to tbe main line of the North ern Pacific. It will be more convenient and cheaper for those residing along its northern half, and even for others farther south, to make their outward connections via the Northern Pacific, than by ony other line. The people of Central Montana could not for a moment hesitate concerning the route by which they should travel and through which they would receive and ship their bus iness. Wbv should they go five hundred miles south "to Ogden, where they would be over filteen hundred miles from Chicago, when in less than eleven hundred miles they could ship by rail to and from the head of Lake Superior ? Why should they go by rail over the mountains to Ogden, five hundred miles, at considerable cost, on a branch road, when they could go direct on a main line ail j the way to Chicago, via the Northern Pacific ; Railroad, in about the same distance and j time that it now takes Horn Ogden, aud at i less cost from Heleua to Chicago, direct, than j it now costs from Ogden to Chicago ? Montana wants a main trunk line running through or near the middle of her magnifi cent territory, as her railroad backbone ; into which may afterward be framed a great num ber of ribs and other articulations, composed of narrow gauge railroads, including a north and south railroad, which shall extend to and far beyond the Union Pacific line, and north I j ; j i j ward far up into the British Dominions and the valleys of the Saskatchawan. Four hundred miles westward from Bis marck, into and along the valley of the Yel lowstone, which under favorable auspices might be completed in about two years, will bring the Northern Pacific within about two hundred miles of the three forks or head of the Missouri River. In one year more, under similar circumstances, it should reach that point or even beyond. If the views of the gentlemen who have for years labored in behalf of the construction of this railroad, and of those of the officers of the Government who have, so far as they could, sustained the enterprise, are sound, the extension of the line to such a point in the Yellowstone Valley as will secure to it the bulk of the trade and travel of Montana, will ensure its further extension, not merely into but through the Territory. The tide of travel, of tourists alone, who will visit this Territory to soe its Yellowstone wonders, and its many other charms, will constitute a material element of profit, not merely to the railroad company but to the people of Mon tana; but the great point, for Montana, is that the completion of a main line railroad to the Territory, allowing easy access in a few days to enterprising men and capitalists, will bring them here, when they can see for themselves. And this, iu my opinion, will lead to the in auguration of enterprises which cannot now be seriously entertained. Buch is the experi ence elsewhere; why should in not be here? My remarks, as you perceive, go chiefly to show the necessity and advisability of an ex tension of our railroad into your Territory. They are also intended to show my undimin ished confidence in the future, both of this Territory and the railroad. It is for General Stark, Vice-President of the Northern Pacific Railroad, to show you how this work may be speedily accomplished by co-operative efforts on the part of the people of Montana and the Railroad Company. Although this is his first visit to Montana, he has not been slow to appreciate its commanding position and im portance. General Stark is a gentleman who has had a very large experience in the successful man agement of eastern railroads, especially throughout New England, and I commend him to your most iiionclly consideration. Gen. Stark followed Mr. Roberts in an easy, off-hand manner and readiness of speech. Addressing the Chair, the gentle men of the Legislature, and the large num ber of citizens crowding forward to catch his words, he substantially said: GEN. STAKE'S ADDRESS. I have to thank you for the extremely cor dial reception and the personal kindness we JLiave experienced at your hands, as well as for this public opportunity to bring before the Legislature and the people of this Terri tory the situation of the reorganized Northern Pacific Railroad Company, and its plans for recommencing construction. In this, my first visit to your Territory, I am impressed beyond my expectations with the extent and variety of your resources. One has to see, in order to believe, that iu this northern re gion, between the 46th and 47th parallels, cattle graize upon the hills through the win ter, attaining excellent beef condition with out other food, and that dust is a more fre quent annoyance to the traveler than snow. But to an eastern man, accustomed to the modern conveniences of travel, the four hun dred mile ride from the railroad to this place in sleigh aud coach, and that variety of wheeled conveyance denominated a "jerky." seems so formidable, that he wonders at its ever being undertaken, except under circuin atance 3 of emergency, and enable« him to ap preciate most sensibly your desire for a rail road of your own. My colleague, Cul. Roberts, has in preced ing me gone so fully over the general subject of the situation of your Territory and its rail road wants, that it only remains for me to present the situation of our company, and such explanations as will make more clearly understood our plans and proposals already presented iu the memorial to the Legislature. Aud as this may be the only opportunity to appear before what may be denominated a "Committee of the Whole," 1 will thank any person present to make inquiries as they may occur to him, and I shall be pleased to an swer to the best of my ability. The unfortunate embarrassments of the N orthern Pacific- road attending and conse quent upon the failure of Jay Cooke & Co., culminated last summer, in an effort on the part of the bondholding creditors to fore close their mortgage upon the franchise and road aud lands and other property of the Company. This effort was a success, and by decrees of court, supplemented by agree ments between all parties in interest, the fran chise and property were put up at public sale, and purchased in the interest of the bond holders. They thus became themselves the corporation, and start with fresh life, without encumbrances. The condition of the re-or ganized company has been fully stated to you elsewhere. It has 550 miles of first-class road in excellent repair and thoroughly equipped, running at some profit, and paying all bills. Its men are paid promptly on the first of every month, and having no interest to meet, its present is secure, it is the future, the extension of the road to and from your Territory, and ultimately through to the Pa cific, that now engrosses the attention of its managers. Tbe question of an early extension from Bismarck to the Yellowstone river has been agitated. But of itself it is not enough. The first point to be gained is to get within con trolling reach ot the business of Montana. This business, even in its present undevelop ed state, is large. According to statistics prepared by a committee of your citizens, and published in the local newspaper which I hold in my hand, you paid last year Biora than a million and a half of dollars for freight, of which at least a million went fer teaming. a What yon now' pay out would keep a railroad alive, and your facilities for transportation are so limited that only the very richest ores can be worked, and the most necessary busi ness transacted. If tbe railroad was in your midst, this business would be increased an hundred fold, aud make full remuneration re the road, at cheap rau s to yourselves. The railroad company now desires Co ex tend it 9 road from Bismarck to and up the Yellowstone valley, not less than three hun dred and sixty miles, at one move. It has offered in the memorial before you, to build to your easterly line, one hundred and sixty miles, and to iron two hundred miles more in extension of the same into your Territory, if you will furnish the means to grade, bridge, and tie this last two hundred miles. For this purpose we estimate that we shall have to raise five millions of dollars on our own account, besides asking you to loan us two millions of your Territorial bonds, to be used for the grading, etc., in your own Ter ritory. As security for such loan of bonds, to make them a desirable investment, aud to protect the people of the Territory against direct taxation to meet interest or principal, wo propose to pledge and place in trust semi annually, the gross amount received by tbe railroad company for transportation over this 860 miles, ot all business to or from Montana. The details of this proposal are partially set lorth in a Uralt of an enactment, which I have prepared for the consideration ot the Legislature, and which I will now read for yoiir general information. As you will ob serve, it provides tor full and complete de tails to be arranged in a written agreement between the Territory end the Railroad Com pany. You will observe, also, that under it3 provisions, no bonds are to be issued, except as the work within the Territory progresses, from time to time, upon the order of the Governor. 1 commend this plan, gentlemen, to your candid consideration. lis adoption will, I believe, enable the work to move on. It will inspire confidence that the great resources of this Territory are to be developed, and yield a harvest to all concerned. In helping us you will help yourselves to a much greater extent. 1 implore you not to hesitate be tween our great trans-continental, first-class road, running lengthwise in the natural course of traffic between your extreme east erly and westerly borders, opening up for you a domain three times the area of the great State of Now York, and a north and south line that in its entire course of 500 miles takes you no nearer to tho East, and can afford at best but narrow-gauge facilities. Without greater transportation facilities you cannot develop a fraction of your re sources. Y'ouare now at a stand still. You cannot afford to wait. Do not perish stand ing between opportunities, but choose that which Is, in magnitude, in direction, and in prospective efficiency, the line for Montana. It you do this, we believe the Northern Pacific Road will receive your helping hand, and will, within a brief period, be at your doors. OTHER SPEECHES. At the conclusion of General Stark's ad dress, several persons responded to his invi tation to question him. Col. Banders, in response to loud calls, neatly and wittily re sponded. The respect of himself and the audience for tbe distinguished gentlemen who bad addressed the meeting, was heightened by the pleasant acquaintance of Montanians with one of them, and the historic associa tions connected with the name of the other. He spoke in flattering terms of the clever pre sentment of the railroad proposition laid be fore the meeting by General Stark. It was a forcible reminder, humorously added the Colonel, that tbe typical Yankee was still alive in the land, to bo seen, and heard, and felt by all men. He was disposed to go slow in advising a trade with Gen. Stark, suspi cious that the railroad was liable to get the best of the bargain. A farmer in Western Pennsylvania had once driven bis hogs to Philadelphia. Looking over the whole mar ket, he was obliged to sell for just what they were worth at home. The farmer, in relat ing his experience, said that while lie hadn't made any money in tbe transaction,^be had had the satisfaction of tho drive out of the hogs. The Col. hoped the gentlemen, if they failed to accomplish all they wished or ex pected in their visit to Montana, would still find their compensation in the enjoyment of tho novelty of tho 400 miles of stage ride to and from civilization. Major McCormick responded to calls, and spoke briefly in his usual forcible style. He concluded by questioning General Stark, in which he was joined by Messrs. Word, Wat son, Woolfolk, and others. We would like to report these gentlemen, but tlie lateness of tbe hour and pressure on our space forbids. Tbe meeting, at tbe hour of 10 o'clock, adjourned. Governor Potts is now clearly entitled to be received into full Democratic fellowship. Tbe Printing Bill—openly and continuously urged and advocated by the Indcfxmdcnt as a partisau measure, anil passed by the Legisla tive Assembl} 1- under the lash of the party whip, vigorously applied—is signed by a pro fessedly Republican Governor who thereby helps to enact an odious law. Make way, there, Democrats, for Gov. Potts. The Deer Lodge-Heleoa Independent says the LaCrosse-New- York-Chicago Democrat says we once wanted to borrow money of "Brick" Pomeroy. We guess not. We just believe that is a little lib. You wouldn't tell a big one, "Brick"—no more than would the Bourbon! A nice, clean, truthful pair of boys, put the two together.