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THS WEEKLY H ERALD.
2. Z. FISK,.......................... Editer. Till RSDAY, MAY 25, 181«. lilt Tl KKISKI MTÜATIOW. The ec 'vs su'.s a: Sale Turkish G* and turn volted Cl Cons, it i >m Turkey is becoming iotense I: seemed although there was trouble enough before to keep three or four f.r.r,;.,.; iuncMed with business and now c nit- a still more serious trouble, the murder v f German and French consuls and a fanati cal rising and arming of the ignorant mass f the Mahommedan populace with threats of * xtiDjuisiiing the Christians. As a govern ment striving to maintain its exiatenoe, its national traditions and religion, t« keep off f, ireitii agressors and restrain internal disor der. our sympathies are strongly challenged in behalf of the crumbling dynasty. But to draw aside the veil of external splendor re veals a condition of weakness, ignorance and cruelty so revolting that first intentions of sympathy are soon turned to loathing and impatient hostility. The Government of Tur ktv. so weak against invasion and revolt, is r.. itrun^er to deal with the fanatic rage of ~ ' jeets. Tue butchery of the con lica. shows the spirit of moslem It once thoroughly aroused, the vemuit-nt can no more restrain it than i uld Canute the swell of the ocean tide, I: is a spirit that laughs to scorn aii consider , ti ns of \ dicy. Not if Germany were ten times the power it is would that wild rabble f Salonica have stayed the gratification of /.s rare at a supposed interference with its rel:ri"Us claims. If the Government itself shoulJ c itch the contagion of this fanaticism to account in its fight with its re isiiau subjects and interfering na uld display a glow of military vigor •n it w .uld surprise the world, and cover in glory its retirement from Europe. Of course, the more vigor of content.on the more certain would be the overthrow, but we should think the Sublime Pone would even prefer the worst possible alternative to his presect con dition. which resembles that of a poor shiv ering mouse over which three or more lusty cuts are snailiug and spitting at each other in . strife about the delicious morsel tk&t cow ers between them. If it comes to a general ruht, it will be a religious war, one of ex treme cruelty and extermination. All of the horrors of Seio and of Crete will be repeated in many another city on the mainland, and tue cry that the descendant of the Prophet was in danger and that the faithful children uf Islam were perishing under the blows of the hated Giaours would rouse the wild tribes in the mountains and plateaus of Asia, and there would be a fearful surge of all this fan atic population of the Orient to the grand sacrifice around Constantinople. Perhaps this may never happen, but it seems so near it that such a result w ould not at all surprise us, and we hardly see even how it can be avoided. The war ships of every nation are hastening to the Turkish ports of the Medi terranean. The troops of Austria and Rus sia are ready to move at a moment's warning. The insurrection of Montenegro and Hercego vina has extended into Serviaand Roumania. All Southeastern Europe seems in a blare be yond power to extinguish, and only the fact that it has so often been in nearly as bad a the final catastrophe is to hesitatate in our the beginning of the end condition and still averted, woulu lead assurance that the was at hand. For ourselves, , we end comes. A: ; for As for the Turks, there is no hope for them. They stand in the way of civilization. The only thing we dreed about the issue is its tendency to overthrow the bal ance of Europe, and induce a grand war that will involve ali the great powers. It would be to a great extent a war of races as well as of re ligion. Perhaps it would lead to the utter overthrow of Austria—its German States going to Prussia and the residue to Russia. There is no doubt that all the Christian in habitants of Turkey would prefer Russia through the association of the Greek church. The Russian Emperors regard themselves as the legitimate successors of the Byzantine Emperors, and Constantinople as the distinct seat of Russian empire. Rome has become the capital of Italy once more, and the march of historical events points unerringly to the restoration of the Greek Empire w ith its capital in the city of x - .tine. WHO IS GOVERNOR Ex-Governor Potts is greatly disturbed over he reported appointment of some one to re l.tve him of the garb of office, and to occupy . portion, only of his worthless shoes. The early advent of a new Governor seems at present to be in doubt, but we believe that the announcement of Jno. A. Leggat's ap j>ointment wiii soon reach us. The Grand Haven Michigan -Ycu>, a journal friendly to Mr. Leggat, reiterates the statement that he has been appointed Governor of Mon tana ; while the Herald ., published at the same place, and not on good terms with the gentleman, says the whole thing is a fab rication. Give us the facts in the case, gen tlemen : give us a new Governor; give us A worldly minded young man. desirous of shocking the feelings of a pious employer, who bad a propensity for catechising his r a.-«Red w hat Lent commemo "The forty days aud nights in the whale's belle. " CierKs. on 1 being reted, repli ed : ta a. Jonah was j ! j j j THE TERRITORIES—THEIR RIGHTS. The practice of appointing men from the Eastern and Western States to office in the Territories was not always what it now is. It has been, through a long number of years, growing worse with every exercise of the appointing power, umil it has assumed the importance of a real grievance. Considered in a simple light, it offers an argument, if one were needed, in support of the proposi tion that e given policy may be entirely prop er at one stage in the history of a nation's progress, and highly detrimental to its inter ests at another time. Our early statesmen must be held responsible for the introduction of this system of appointments. But it should be remembered that the Northwest ern Territory, as it was at first called, and which embraced the present States of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin and Michigan, extending from the lakes on the north to the Ohio river, and west to the Mississippi, con tained at the time of the formation of the G. »verum-, nt a very small population ofjwhites, and that in all probability very few of these possessed sufficient learning to entitle them to plead the benefit of clergy to an offence at common law. They were consequently in capable of properly exercising the functions of any office. This necessitated the appoint ment of non-residents, and was the origin of a custom which in time came to have some thing like the authority of a precedent, and which, notwithstanding the reason fur recog nizing i; as of any force has long since failed, is very far from obsolete in this Centennial year. With men who possess the parts, natural j and acquired, that qualify for the transaction i of public business—character, learning and ability—the Territories are pretty well sup 1 plied. To give a preference over such men to individuals who care nothing for us, and know nothing of us or our wants, is, whether meant to be so or not, a contempt of our rights—an indignity to our citizenship that should not be suffered to go unchallenged by the press. We have no dispositien to find fait with the present administration for doing precisely what every preceding Administra tion has done. We only say that the people have a right to be heard and to have their wishes consulted when appointments that may affect their dearest interests are to be made. It seems to us that with the President it would only be a question as to whether he shall relinquish a portion of the Executive patronage, or consent to exercise it under certain restrictions. And certainly no more reasonable request could be preferred than that in the future this shall be done. As Chief Magistrate he could have no excuse for opposing the change, unless it be admitted as of more consequence to preserve the appoint ing power intact than to respect the claims of right. And who will dare to say that the the gratification of the few who are benefited by the present system, at the expense of the many, ought to or can for one moment weigh in the balance against the wishes of a con stituencies with the strongest presumptions of right in their favor. We are convinced that proper representations bv parties authorized to make them, speaking in the name of the people, would result in the concession, as a principle of all for which we contend, viz : that none but residents shall hereafter re ceive appointments to office in the Territories. This much would have been conceded long ago if our feeble delegates had united in urg ing upon Congress the evil and injustice of delay. It is the misfortune of the Terri tories that they cannot influence the result of the general elections. If they could do this, if they were factors, in the table of political candidature, that would be thrust upon them which they have gone begging to obtain. With no adequate representation in Congress our wants are but imperfectly known there. Those of the members who do not rise to the dignity of statesmen are too busy in a f tend ing to the real or supposed interests of the localities they represent, and in perfecting a record and plans for the next campaign to give much thought to border communities, or strain their mental vision in taking per spective views of the Union with the purpose of discovering and applying a remedy to what may be amiss in the frame of Go vernment. Their attention, however effectively drawn to an abuse, even if the cause of complaint were not entirely removed, could not fail to be pro ductive of good. We are the wards of the Government, and as such entitled, in ieturn for filial obedience, to expect from it that fostering care of our interes*» which alone justifies its claim to supervision. The plain duty of Congress to the Territories is to con sider them, not as little communities scattered up and down a continent, but the germs of future great commonwealths, and to regu with a view to the present than to sition to which they are des'ined in th hood of States. i less e po G*»'-r Julv.e Keli.ev said, in an affecting pero ration to a speech, that the time would soon come when the people of the North and South would vie in cherishing mementoes of the late war as souvenir* of the valor of Americans, iu common admiration of their fathers' deeds. Ben. Hill, with a teardrop in his eye. walked over and shook hands warm ly with the Judge aï the conclusion of his speech. This is the twenty-third Republican that Ben. Hill has shaken hands with at the conclusion of a cementing speech. There are over four thousand men in the Black Hills who art $22 per barre l. roke. and EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. BnsinfM In New York—Hotels and Pinces of Amusement—Centennial Open* luff-The Political Situation —Blaine in the Lead— Personal Mention. New Yoke, May 9th, 1S76. I believe I warned the Herald not to rely upon me as a letter-writer. Home expecta tions are not therefore likely to suffer disap pointment if I write but occasionally and briefly. new yore, where I have visited a fortnight or so, piece meal, has always its attractions, and here to a large extent. Western people like the rest of mankind, naturally gravitate when mak ing the rounds of Christendom. The busi ness of the city is torpid, the opening trade having turned out to be unusually light. The hotels, an index from which we learn of the comings and goings of the multitude, are only moderately full. The places of amusement are fairly patronized, and increase rather than decline in number. "Pique" at the Fifth Avenue, " London Assurance " at Wal laces, "Henry the Fifth " at Booth's, "Fer reol " at Union Square. " Brass " at the Park, and "Humpty-Dumpty" at the Olympic, have been and are still reasonably prospered. "Pique" is a sterling drama, and has held in public favor for months. It has the advant age of presentment by a grand good cast, elegant appointments, and the neatest theatre in most respects in the country. Wallack's holds its old place in popular esteem. It re tains the best st 'ok company in the city. It is the theatre oi all others continuing the standard dramas and comedies of the present and aforetime. There are but few theatres now, either in this country or across the water, where the plays that the masters wrote—many of which have survived in per ennial freshness the mutations which the all devouring scythe of time has wrought else where—are represented with the finish and completeness distinguishing the revivals of this famous comedy house. CENTENNIAL OPEN1NO. The ceremonies attending the Centennial opening take place to-morrow, 10ht. Thous ands from all points of the compass have for the past several days been wending their way toward Philadelphia. Thousands more will leave New York to-morrow morning for the same destination, myself among the number. I expect to meet some scores of Montanians at the exposition in June. It will be June or later before the great show is fairly begun. I am sure, indeed, that the autumn visitors and sight-seers will have the best of it, in point of comfort, accommodation, and facil ity of ** doing " the Centennial at the acme of its glory. Many Western people—and I count Montanians among them—will make New York their headquarters, and flit to and from Philadelphia at any and all hours of the day and night. Coming to th ; s city, I hope to meet numbers of "our folks," to whom I recommend the Grand Central Hotel, one of the best kept of the first-class houses of New York. POLITICAL. Preliminaries to the Presidential nomina tion are transpiring throughout the land. The telegraph and press keeps you better posted than I shall attempt to do. Blaine, Bristow, Morton, Conklin, Hayes—these are names in the mouths of the sovereigns every where in connection witn the action of the Republicans soon to be taken at Cincinnati. The St. Louis convention is not so much talked of, nor does one so often hear of the Democratic aspirants ambitious to figure there. It is a misfortune to Tilden that the brain and brawn of the Democracy of New York are separated, and that in consequence Hen dricks looms up above the "Reform Gov ernor " in estimated availability at the present writing. John Kelley and his Tammany Swallow-Tails triumphed in the State Con vention, while the Morrissy Short-Hairs re tired sullen and threatening, to bide their op portunity and seek revenge at another time. The Herald ought to know how it stands on "our side.'' Republicans throughout the East and West are confident of the result next November. They feel sure that the Cincin nati Convention will wisely select the best from the several candidates for the Presiden tial ticket. It was a gratification to hear Montana Republicans speak so nobly in de claring their choice for President. It must be proudly satisfactory to them to hear the good words since the "explanation " that go on sounding throughout the length and breadth of the States for James G. Blaine. Mr. Blaine is to-day by long odds the first choice of the party and people ''or President. His clear, frank, positive and proof-conclu sive statement in reference to the trumped-up i for charges lately br< •light a gainst L I 111. him Los :s of new friends ; . and g ave er gv am ! zeal to o Id ones, , if that we: bie. PERSONAL. I meet here frequently Mr. J. K. C>. Sher wood, formerly of our city. He has his place of business adjoining the Corbin Banking Companv , and is prospering. Captain Sam. DeBow is cLief of the foreign freight de partment of the Erie Railroad, and sustains the reputation of being one of the first men in the city iu his line of business. Mr. Cole Saunders and wife are luxuriously quartered at the Stuyvesaut House—both of them I have hud the pleasure several times to meet. Mr. Saunders, in connection with Phillip W. Holmes and other reputable and responsible men of New York, are at the head of "The Montana Company," a recent corp< ration or ganized to work the low grade silver ores of our Territory. The company is making all necessary arrangements to erect extensive concentrating works at a central point in Jefferson county, to handle ores from the Boulder, Clancy, Jefferson and other con tiguous districts. The buildings, machinery, etc., are estimated to ccst $100.000, and to be put in operation by the end of next autumn. Col. A. T. Wilds, of the famous Allentown line—popular with all Western shippers—is located at 435 Broadway, where old Montana acquaintances and friends find a cordial re ception and welcome. R- E. F. NEW MEXICO. This Territory is an applicant for admis sion as a State, and the facts and figures upon which the application is based would seem to show that, in every element save one. New Mexico is less deserving and able than Mon tana. We are far from wishing to throw ob stacles in the way of any sister Territory in reaching a condition of greater independ ence. Unless Congress will give the citizens of Territories their full rights of choosing their own officers, with a representative en titled to vote in Congress as well as to speak, together with a chance to vote for President, in some other effective way, we think it but simple justice to make them all full States. At present, we only propose to present some comparison of figures between New Mexico and Montana. At the last election held in New Mexico, 14.389 votes were cast ; in Montana at the same time, were cast S.109, but of the New Mexican voters only 1400 were Americans, while almost the entire number of our voters were native born citi zens, of equal intelligence with the best con stiuency in any of the older States, and equally well able to govern themselves. Mon tana's claim to state rights has as good founda tion. and we might, without straining ourmod ety, fairly claim better foundations on our pop ulation than New Mexico. Not numbers alone ought to be decisive on such an issue. If we come to assessed wealth, Montana is far in advance of New Mexico. Their assessment in 1S74 was $7,500,000. while ours of the same year was $9,384,311,50. Their Territorial debt is about the same as our«, but while our debt is decreasing theirs is increasing. Ac cording to the report of the Auditor rendered last December, there were unpaid taxes amounting to $72,629. The expenses of that Territory for the two past years, were $90, 829, of which $70,009 went for court ex penses. In the matter of schools and churches and other substantial elements of civilization, we are far in advance of our Southern sister Territory, although organized 14 years be fore us. While our Washington law makers are con sidering this application of New Mexico, can they not be induced to ask and answer the question : what is necessary to constitute a State ? Certainly not numbers, for since they established the quota, they have admitted one State without the standard number, and have refused two others that confessedly have more than the needed population. Having thus ignored the only standard they have erected, shall we be considered impertinent in enquiring: What i« necessary to constitute a valid claim to Statehood ? A NEW STYLE OF RAILROAD. We have been exceedingly interested in a small pamphlet issued by the New "iork Cheap Transportation Company, and con taining an account of a new style of railway invented by a Frenchman by the name of Larmanjat, called the "One Rail Railroad. Perhaps it would be better to say at the out set that the term "one rail." applies only thus far, that there is but one iron rail in the center on w hich rests the principal weight of engine and cars, but parallel with this iron rail and on either side, is a row of sleepers, or smooth macadamized surface may answer, on which run the driving wheels of the engine, furnished with india-rubber bands in order to increase the adhesive power of the engine. The wheel that runs on the iron rail is double flanged. The writer of this pamphlet is Charles J. Quetil, a Frenchman, whose object is to in troduce this new system of railroad into this country, and throughout his paper, he com pares his new system with the narrow-gauge, as being its principal competitor on the score of cheapness and economy. All of the ad vantages that the narrow-gauge possesses over the broad-gauge, he claims for his, and many in addition. One of the chief defects of both broad and narrow-gauge roads of the two rail kind, is that the engine cannot in crease its tractive power by slackening its speed, but it is simply the same at any speed. As the writer expresses the difficulty: "The locomotives are also in want in their maeban ism of a combination allowing them to haul very heavy loads at small speed, correspond ing to the power they display w hen hauling light loads at great speed." It is claimed for the new style track aud engine that tins dif ficulty is fully met. that there is no w aste or loss of power, that by slackening speed a heavier grade can be ascended or a heavier load draw n by the expenditure of the same power necessary for high speed on a level track. There is an arrangement also by which more or less of the engine's weight can be thrown upon the driving wheels ac cording to necessity. Engines and cars con structed on the plan of Larmanjat can run a' readily on curves of ten foot radius as on a straight track with no binding whatever. There is another invention, presented by the author of this pamphlet, by an Englishman, named HanJyside, the design of which is to enable a locomotive to haul a train up grades as steep as 52S feet to the mile. This inven tion can be employed as an attachment to any kind of an engine. Its method of operation is to move on from the foot of the grade part of the way up, and then acting as a stationary engine draw the cars up to itself, then repeat ing the operation till the summit is reached. Without going into further detail of expla nation, it is claimed that this kind of a rail road may be built at much less cost than a narrow gauge road ; the writer says 37 per cent, cheaper. But this is only one of the items of saving claimed. Economy begins with surveying the route. It is not so necesr-uv to avoid grades and curves ; but as near an ap proach^ a[straight line as possible is aimed at. Then, again, it will cost much less for grad ing, both in distance, and cuttings and curves. It will cost much less, of course, for iron, less for engines and cars, less for running, less for everything. We know not how much of this is true. It seems almost too good to be true. Roads built on this principle are in operation in France, and have been critically examined by competent engineers, detailed by the Government, who pronounce it to be according to all that is claimed for it. If true, such railroads could be built ali over Montana at a cost of about $5,000 per mile, and would do more to promote the de velopment of our Territory and its different mining camps than ail other causes or aid combined. Much as we may, and justly ought to. ad mire our fathers of ihe century past, we can't help thinking that our children, of thecentury coming, are going to be vastly better i ff îVr the inventions vearlv having birth. THE BITTE MIXES*. Enough Ore in Sight to Keep Ten Mill* Banning Constantly for Five Years. We received a pleasant call to-day from Mr. Behm, who has returned to Helena from a three weeks' inspection of the mineral re sources of Butte. Mr. Behm speaks enthusi astically of the rich prospects of the future of that young but flourishing camp. He as serts that there is now enough one hundred dollar ore in sight, that can be purchased on an average for $30 per ton, to keep ten mills constantly running for five years. The great need of the camp is capital and mills. Want of transportation will this year prevent thou sands of dollars from coming into the miner?' pockets. Hundreds of tons of ship ping ore are already on the dump over and above what can be contracted for shipment. Among other flourishing mines, Mr. Behm visited and inspected the Hattie Harvev, own ed and worked by Jo. Ramskell; La Platte, Talbot A Downs, with plenty of $500 ore on the dump, the Parrott, on which Parks is taking out excellent rock; the Late Acqui sition, being worked by the "Mormon Boys, who are shipping largely to the States. The Clark mill, having overcome all difficulties, was to start up on Monday last. POOR BLACK HILLERS. Xo Gold Xo Grab-Indian Fight. A Chicago special of the 16ih, says: Let ters received here this morning from reliable parties, dated Black Hills, April 20th, bring most discouraging accounts of affairs in that country. The Indians are becoming very troublesome, frequently killing men at their own doors, and stealing horses and commit ting other depredations. These letters say. stories of gold there in paying quantities are lies. Provisions are scarce and high, and a great many men are on the verge of starva tion. Miners are leaving as fast as they ar rived a month ago. A party of Black Hills pilgrims, who re- turned to Bismarck after a ten days' stay in the Hills, report a fight on May 2d, between their party westward bound and Indians from Standing Rock, led by Slave, in which Slave and three other Indians were killed. ---^ •* i^i - i------- Personal. — W. C. Gillette left this morning for Dia mond. — S. W. Langhorne and family, of Boze man are registered at the St. Louis. — Dr. G. W. Monroe locates his name and no other on the register of the St. Louis. —Frank Taylor went over this morning to look after his interests at French Bar. —Chris. Kenck, of the Magnolia, left this morning for the States via Benton, and will be absent about four months. August Ernst and William Kranicn will run the hotel dur ing his absence. —Henry Cannon arrived in Benton on the 20th. He writes that the trip was a fearful one. He and Capt. Reese struck out and left the Baker and Ingersoll party stuck in the mud at Sun river. Freight at Benti erably damaged. Adja<lt;e<l Insane. >11 O' Wm. Kohlw es was brought : in on Mm i day from Silver creek by two of h • _ V, 1 \,",r Mr. Hops and Mr. Br ooke, wh o were le d by his strange behavior and irr a it ion al e.\j ; ' r c ' - sions to believe him lab >ring under m< L-nul derangement. The unfortum i?e man w a s brought before bis ho m 'T Ju îgc ■ Hedges. A jury of three pro min unt citïz< ?ns was sum moned, an inquisition held an A a verdi» Li Ot insanitv returned. \N *e are glai 1 to be iib le to state for the satisfaction of hi? many friends that in the opinion of Dr. Steele, quiet and proper treatment will, in a short time, com plete! v restore Mr. Kohlwes to his right min*!. THE INDIAN?*. Tl»«* Ronrbon Canard Exploded. The statement furnished the Herald re porter vesterday by Mr. Horace Countryman, to the effect that hostile Indians' are ni t any where near the settlements <»f Eastern Mon tana, is confirmed by the statement.' <-f lb m Samuel W. Langborne and Dr. G. W . M «oc. * 1 Bozeman, made V " c to-day