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CENTENNIAL. Opening of the Exhibition. Philadelphia, May 10, 10 a. m. To-day being a legal holiday in this State, all places of business in the city are closed, and bunt ing is displayed in profusion in all the thor oughfares, and to-night there will be a grand illumination. The doors of the exhibition were promptly opened at 9 a.m., and since that hour there has been at all the different entrances a con tinuous jam. The clouds which had, up to 7 a. m., been very threatening, have now en tirely disappeared, and indications are that the day will be extremely hot. Foreign commissioners and other distin guished guests are being seated with very lit tle confusion, their entrance being effected through the main exhibition building, which will remain closed to the general public till noon. The ceremonies opened at precisely 10:15 this morning, the national airs of all nations being performed by a large orchestra. It is estimated that 50,000 people are on the grounds, and the populace is still pressing at all the various entrances. Every available spot in the neighborhood of the grand stand in front of Memorial Hall is occupied by the crowd, who are now impatiently awaiting tbe arrival of the President of the United States who has just been escorted to the main en trance by the military. INAUGURAL CEREMONIES. Philadelphia, May 10, 11:20.—The In augural ceremonies are now fully under way. At 10:30 a. ra. Dorn Pedro arrived, and was escorted to his seat by Gen. Hawley, and at 10:35 Gen. Phil. Sheridan and Avife passed over from the building to stand in front of Memorial Hall during the rendition of the national airs, and was greeted with great ap plause, which he gracefully acknowledged. He was closely followed by Hon. J. G. Blaine and Senator Jones, of Nevada, and wife. EMPEROR OF BRAZIL. As the Emperor of Brazil and party came to tbe platform, they were loudly cheered, and the orchestra played the Brazilian na tional hymn. Gen. Hawley greeted the dis tinguished visitors. The Emperor was in citizens dress and wore decorations concealed under the lappel of his coat. The platform Avas by this time much crowded and many guests Avere unprovided Avith seats. At 10:48 the President entered through Memorial Hall and Avas conducted to his seat on the front of the platform. Gov. Har trandft, Gen Hawley and Hon. D. J. Morrill occupied seats on his left, whille Messrs John Welch and Goshorn Avere on his right. Con siderable amusement was caused by the sud den appearance of Fred Douglas, who had, by some mischance, Avorked his Avay through the crowd and was helped OA'er the ropes by the officers, and Avas conducted to a seat on the platform. He Avas greeted with cheers. At 10:55 the signal Avas given for the mu sic to stop, and five minutes later the Presi dent, escorted by Gen. IlaAvley, advanced to the front of the platform and Avas loudly cheered. The orchestra then plaped "Hail to the Chief," during which time the Presi dent shook hands with the Emperor and other guests. It is now 11:30, and it is estimated that there are a hundred thousand people on the ground. At 11:30 Wagner's Centennial Inaugura tion March avus performed by tbe orchestra, at the conclusion of Avhicli Bishop Simpson offered up prayer, 'during the rendering of which the majority of the vast assemblage stood Avith uncovered heads. SIMPSON'S PRAYER. The folloAving is the prayer offered by Bishop Simpson : Almighty and everlasting God, our Heaven ly Father, Heaven is thy throne and the earth is thy footstool. Before thy Majesty and holiness, the angels veil their faces and the spirit of the just made perfect bow in humble adoration. Thou art the creator of all things, the preserver of all things that exist, whether they be thrones or dominions, or principali ties or powers. The minute and the vast atoms and worlds alike attest the ubiquity of thy presence, and the omnipotence of thy sway. Thou alone are the sovereign ruler of nations. Thou raiseth up one and cast down another, and thou givest the kingdoms of the world to whomsoever thou will. Tbe past with all its records is the unfolding of thy counsels and the realization of thy grand d? signs. We hail the as as thy rightful ruler, the King eternal, immortal and invincible ; the only true God blessed forevermore. We come in this glad day, O thou God of our fathers, into these courts with thauksgiving, and into these gates Avith praise. We bless the for thy Avonderful goodness in the past, for the the land which thou gi\ r est to our fathers—a laud veiled from the ages from the ancient world, but revealed in the fullness of time to thy chosen people whom thou didst lead by thine own right hand through the billows of the deep—a land of vast extent, of towering mountains and broad plains, of unnumbered products, and of untold treas ures. We thank thee for the fathers of our countrymen, of mind and of might, who en dured privation and sacrifices, who braved multiplied dangers rather than defile their conscience or be untrue to their God—men who laid on the broad foundation of truth and justice tbe grand structure of civil free dom. We praise Thee for the closing cen tury, for the founders of the Republic, for the immortal Washington and his great asso ciates, for the wisdom with Avhich they plan ned the firmness and heroism Avhich, under thy blessing, led them to triumphant success, wast their shield in time of danger, their pil lar of cloud by day, and their pillar of fire by night—nay all. May we walk in their foot steps and imitate their virtues. We thank thee for social and national prosperity, and progress for the laudable discoveries and multiplied inventions and labor saving ma chinery, relieving the toiling masses, and for schools free as the morning light, for the millions of the rising generations; for books and periodicals scattered like the leaves of autumn over the land ; for art and science ; for freedom to worship God according to the dictates of conscience ; and for a church un fettered by the trammels of state. Bless, we pray thee, the President of the United States and his constitutional advisers, the judges of the Supreme Court, the Senators and Repre sentatives in Congress, the governors of our several Commonwealths, the officers of the army and navy, and all who are in official positions throughout our land. Guide them, we pray the, with counsels of wisdom, and may they ever rule in righteousness. We ask thy blessing to rest upon the President and members of the Centennial Commission, and upon those associated with them in various departments, who have labored long and earnestly amidst anxieties and difficulties for the success of this enterprise. May thy spe cial blessing, O thou God of all nations of the earth, rest upon our national guests, our visitors from distant lands. We welcome them to our shores, and we rejoice in their presence among us, whether they rep resent thrones, or culture, or research, or whether they come to exhibit their triumphs of genius and art. in the development of in dustry, in the progress of civilization. Pre serve thou them, we beseech thee, in health and safety, and in time may they be welcom ed by loved ones again to their own, their native lands. Let thy blessings rest richly on this Centennial Exhibition. May the lives and health of all interested be preserved in thy sight. Preside in its assemblies ; grant that this association in its effect may bind more closely together every part of our great Republic, so that our union may be perpetual and indissoluble. Let its influence draw the nations of the earth into a happier unity hereafter, we pray thee. May all disputed questions be settled by arbitrations and *ot by the sword, and may Avars forever cease among the sons of men. May the new century be better than the past ; more radient with the light of the true philosophy, and Avarmer with the animations of world-wide sympathy. May capital, genius and labor be freed from all antagonism by the establishment and ap plication of such principles of justice and equality as shall reconcile the diversified in terests, and bind in imperishable bonds all parts of society. We pray thy benediction especially on the women of America, Avho for the first time in this history of our race take so conspicuous a place in a national cel ebration. May tbe light of their intelligence, purity and enterprise shed its beams afar in the distant lands, that their sisters may real ize the beauty and glory of Christian free dom and elevation. We beseech thee, Al mighty Father, that our beloved Republic may be strengthened in every element of true greatness until her mission is accomplished by presenting to tbe Avorld an illustration of the happiness of a free people, with a free church, in a free state, under laws of their OAvn enactment, and under rulers of their selection, acknowledging supreme allegiance only to the King of Kings and Lord of Lords ; and as thou didst give to one of its illustri ous sons first to draw experimentally the elec tric spark from heaven Avhich has since gir dled the globe in its cellestial Avbispers of Glory to God in the highest, peace and good will to men, to the latest time. May the mis sion of America, under divine inspiration, be one of affection, brotherhood and love, for all our race. And may the coming centuries be filled with the glory of our Christian civil ization, and unto thee, our Father, through him whose life is the light of men, will we ascribe glory and praise, now and forever, Amen. At the conclusion of Bishop Simpsons' prayer. Whittier's hymn was sung with grand effect and elicited loud applause: Our fathers' God, trom out whose hand The centuries fall like grains of s&ad, We meet to-day, united, free, And loyal to our land and Thee, To thauk ' r hee for the era done, And trust Thee for the opening one. Here where of old by Thy design, Tbe fathers spake that word of Thine, Whose echo is the glad refrain Of rended bolt and falling chain ; To grace our festal time from all Thu zones of earth our guests Ave call. Be with us while the new world greets The old world thronging all its streets, Ilnvailing all the triumphs won By art or toil beneath the sun, And unto common good ordain This rivalship of hand and brain. Thou who hast here in concord furl'd The war-flags of a gathered world. Beneath our western skies fulfill The Orient's mission of good will, And freighted with Love's golden fleece Send back the Argonaut's of peace. For Art and Labor met in truce, For Beauty made the bride of use, We thank Thee, while withal we crave The austere virtues strong to save, The honor proof to place or gold, The manhood never rought nor sold. O, make Thou us through centuries long, In peace secure, in justice strong ; Aroui d our gift of Freedom draw The safeguards of Thy righteous law, And cast in some diviner mould. Let the new cycle shame the old. Mr. Welsh, President of the Centennial Board of Finance, presented the building to the United States Centennial Commission: Mr. President and Gentlemen of the United States Centennial Commiesion: In presence of the Government of the United States, and of the several distinguished bodies by whom we are surrounded, and in behalf of the Centennial board of finance, I greet vou. In readiness at the appointed time, I have the honor to announce to you, that under your supervision, and in accordance with the plans fixed and established by you, we have erected the building belonging to us, and have made all the arrangements devolv ing on us necessary for the opening of the International Exhibition. We hereby now formally appropriate them for their intended occupation, and we hold ourselves ready to make all further arrangements that may be needed for carrying into full and complete effect all requirements of the acts of Congress relating to the Exhibition for a like purpose. We also appropriate the buildings belonging to the state of Pennsylvania and city of Phila delphia, erected by the United States, at their bidding, to-wit; Memorial Hall, Machinery Hall and Horticultural Hall. These and other substantial offerings stand as evidence of their patriotic co-operation. To the United States of America, through Congress, we are indebted for aid which crowned our success. In addition to those to which I haye just re ferred, there are other beautiful and conven ient edifices which have been erected by the representatives of foreign nations, by State authority, and by indivduals, which are also devoted to the purposes of the Exhibition. Ladies and gentlemen, if in the past, we have met with disappointments, difficulties and trials, they have been overcome by a con sciousness that no sacrifice can be too great which is made to honor the memories of those Avho brought our nation into being. This commemoration of the events of 1770 excites our present gratitude. The assemblage here to-day of so many foreign representatives uniting Avith us in this reverential tribute is our reward. We congratulate you on the occurrence of this day. Many of the nations have gathered here to-day in peaceful com petition. Each may profit by the association. This exhibition is but a school; the more thoroughly its lessons are learned the greater will be the gain, and when it shall have clos ed, if by this study the nations engaged in it shall have learned respect for each other, then it may be hoped that the veneration of Him who rules on high will become univer sal, and angels' songs once more be heard, "Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace and good will towards men." The speaker was frequently applauded. Gen. Hawley arose and said the President of the Centennial Commission accepted the great trust confided by the Board of Finance. LANIER S CANTATA. At 11:35 Lanier's cantata was rendered: From this hundred-terraced height, Sight more large with nobler light, Hanges down yon towering years. Humbler smiles and lordlier tears, Shine and fall, shine and fall, AVhile old voices rise and call, Yonder where the to and fro, Weltering of my long ago, Moves about the moveless base, Far below my resting-place Mayflower, Mayflower, slowly hither flying, Trembling Westward o'er yon balking sea; Hearts within, ''Farewell, dear England,'' sighing, Winds without but dear in vain replying, Gray-lipped waves about thee Shouted crying, "No, it shall not be." Jamestown, out of thee, , Plymouth thee, thee Albany, Winter cries. "Ye freeze, away!" Fever cries, "Ye burn, away !" Hunger cries, "Ye starve, away!" A'engeance cries, "Your graves shall stay !" Then old shapes and masks of things, Framed like faiths or clothed like kings ; Ghosts of gods, once fleshed and fair Grown foul, and live in alien air; War and his most noisy lords, Tongued with lithe and poisoned swords; Error, Terror. Rage and * rime, All in a windy night of time Cry to me from laud sea— "No, thou shalt not be!" Hark?—Huguenots whispering ye in the dark ; Puritans answering ye in the dark: Ye, like au arrow shot true to its murk, Darts through the tyrannous heart of denial, Patience and labor and solemn-souled trial, Foiled still beginning, Soiled hut not sinning, Toil through the perilous death of the night, Toil while w'ld brother wars now darken the light, Toil and forgive and kiss o'er and replight. Now praise to God of granted grace, Now praise to man's undaunted face ; Despite the land, despite the sea, "I was, I am, and I shall be ;" How long, good angel, O ! how long? Sing me from heaven a man's own song. Long as thine art shall love true love, Long as thy sience truth shall know, Long as thine eagle harms no dove. Long as thy law by law shall grow; Long as thy God is God above, Thv brother every man below ; So long dear land of all my love, Thy name shall shine, thy fame shall glow. O, Music, from fir's height of time, my word unfold, In thy large signals all men's hearts man's heart be Mid heaven unroll thy chords as friendly flags unfurled. And wave the world's best lover's welcome to the world. Every word of the bass solo by Myron N. Whitney, was distinctly audible, at the rear of the guests platform, and the assemblage maintained excellent order throughout, and loudly applauded Whitney, who acknowl edged it by repeating a part of the cantata. At the close the members of the chorus called for Buck, composer of the music, who made his appearance, and bowed an acknowl edgement of the compliment. At 11:48 began the presentation speeches by Gen. Hawley, turning the exhibition buil ding over to the President of the United States. THE PRESENTATION. The folloAving is the presentation of the exhibition to the President of the United States, by Joseph R. Hawley, President of the United States Centennial Commission : Mr. President : Five years ago the Pres ident of the United States declared it fitting that tbe completion of the first century of our national existence should be commem orated by an exhibition of the natural re sources of the country and their develop ments, and of its progress in those arts which benefit mankind, and ordered that an ex hibition of American and foreign arts, pro ducts and manufactures, should be held under the auspices of the Government, in the city of Philadelphia, in the year 1876. To put into effect the several laAvs relating to the exhibition, the United States Centennial Commission Avas constituted, composed of two Commissioners from each State and Ter ritory, nominated by their respective Gov ernors and appoinied by the President. Con gress also created our auxiliary and associate corporations, the Centennial board of finance, whose unexpectedly heavy burdens have been nobly borne. A remarkable and para lyzed disturbance of the finances and indus tries of the country has greatly magnified the task, but we hope for a favorable judgment of the degree of success attained. On July 4th, 1873, the ground was dedicated to its present uses. Twenty-one months ago this Memorial Hall was begun, and all the other one hundred and eighty buildings within the enclosure have been erected within twelve months. All the buildings embraced in the plans of the Commission itself are finished. The demands of applicants exceeded the space, and strenuous and continuous efforts have been made to get every exhibit ready in time. By general consent the Exhibition is appropiately held in the City of Brotherly Love, and yonder, almost within your view, stands the venerared edifice within which occurred the event this work is designed to commemorate, and the hall in which the first Continental Congress assembled. Within the present limits of this great park Avere the homes of eminent p atriots of that era, Avhere Washington and his associates received gen erous hospitality and able council. You have observed the surpassing beauty of the situation placed at our disposal. In harmony with all this fitness, is the liberal support given the enterprise by the State, the City and people, individually. In the name of the United States you are extended a re spectful and cordial invitation, to the Goa t - ernments of other nations to be represented and to participate in this Exhibition. You know the very acceptable terms in which they responded from even the most distant regions. Their Commissioners are here, and you will soon see with Avhat energy and bril liancy they have entered upon FRIENDLY COMPETITION IN THE ARTS OF PEACE. It has been the ferveni hope of the com mission, that during this festival year, the people from ail States and sections, of all parties and classes, burying all resentment, Avould come up together to this birth place of our liberties to study the evidences of our resources, to measure the progress of a hun dred years, and to examine for our profit the wonderful products of other lands, but especially to join hands in perfect fraternity, and promise to the God of our fathers that the new century shall surpass the old in the true glories of civilization; and furthermore, that from the association here of Avelcome visitors from all nations, there may result not alone great benefits to invention, manufactures, agriculture, trade and commerce, but also stronger international friendships, and more lasting peace. Thus reporting to you Mr. President, under the laws of the Government and the usage of similar occasions, in the name of the United States Centennial Com mission, I present to your view the Interna tional Exhibition of 1876. PRESIDENT GRANT'S REPLY. The folloAving is the address by the Presi dent of the United States and proclamation of the opening of the Internationnl Exhibi tion of 1876: My Countrymen: It has been thought ap propriate upon this Centennial occasion to bring together in Philadelphia for popular inspection, specimens of our attainments in the industrial and fine arts, and in litera ture, science and philosophy as well as in the great business of agriculture and of commerce, that we may the more thoroughly appreciate the excellencies and deficiencies of our achievements, and also give emphatic expression to our earnest desire to cultivate the friendship of our felloAV members of this great family of nations. The enlight ened agricultural, commercial and manufac turing people of the world have been invited to send hither corresponding specimens of their skill to exhibit on equal terms in friendly competition with our own. To this invitation they have generally responded, and for so doing we render them our hearty thanks. The beauty and utility of the contributions will this day be submitted to your inspection by the managers of this exhibition. We are glad to know that a view of the specimens of skill of all nations will afford to you unal loyed pleasure, as well as yield to you a valuable practical knowledge of so many of the remarkable results of the wonderful skill existing in enlightened communities. One hundred years ago our country was new and partially settled. Our necessities have com pelled us chiefly to expend our means and time in felling forests, subduing prairies, building dAvellings, factories, ships, docks, warehouses, roads, canals, machinery, etc., etc. Most of our schools, libraries and asy lums* have been established within 100 years. Burthened by these great primal works of necessity, which could not be delayed, we yet have done what this Exhibition will show in the direction of rivaling older and more advanced nations in law, medicine and the ology, and in science, literature, philosophy and fine arts. Whilst proud of what we have done, we regret that we have not done more. Our achievmenU have been great enough, however, to make easy for our people to acknowledge superior merit wherever found. And now, fellow citizens, I hope a careful examination of what is about to exhibited, will not only inspire you with a profound respect for the skill and taste of our friends from other nations, but also satisfy you with attainments made by our OAvn people during the one hundred years. I invoke your generous co-operations with the Avorthy commissioners to secure a brilliant success to this Interna tional Exhibition, and to make the 6tay of our foreign visitors, to whom we extend a hearty welcome, both profitable and pleas ant to them. I declare the International Exibition now open. The President was loudly cheered, the Emperor of Brazil rising in his seat and joining in the demonstration by waiving his hat At 12 o'clock at a signal from Gen. Haw ley, the American flag was unfurled from the main building. The hallelujah chorus was rendered with orchestrial and organ ac companiment A salute of 100 guus was fired from George's Hill, together with the ringing of chimes from different parts of the ground. During the performance of the chorus, the foreign Commissioners passed from the platform into the main building, and took their places upon the central aisle, before their respective departments, after which President Grant accompanied by Di rector General Goshorn, followed by the guests of the day, also passed into the main building, and thence into Machinery Hall, and from thereto the judges' quarters, where a reception by the President was held. AFTER THE CEREMONIES. The exhibition is now open, and progress through the building has just been concluded. President Grant, Secretary Fish and other members of the Cabinet, have just driven from the grounds. Cordons of guards have been removed from the approaches to the Main Hall. Memorial Hall, and Machinery Hall, and all parts of the exposition are now open to the public. Crowds, which have heretofore lined both sides of all the ap praches where the procession passed, have dispersed to all parts of the ground. Cheers are resounding on all sides, bells are ringing, bands playing in all directions, and tbe Cen tennial Exposition of 1876, is now formally opened. STARTING THE ENGINE. The procession, headed by the President, after passing through the Main Exposition building, passed to the Machinery Hall, Avhere the President, assisted by Dorn Pedro, at 1:22 p. m., put in motion tbe great engine, thus starting all the machinery in that build ing. This closed the formal ceremonies of the day. The military are now marching through the grounds, and all the buildings are open to the public. It is officially estimated that 110,000 peo ple entered the Centennial grounds to-day. Dispatches from various places throughout the country, show that the day was observed as a Centennial holiday. Philadelphia was grandly illuminated to-night, and great crowds of people rendered the sreets nearly impassa ble. Grant was serenaded to-night. No speeches. Philadelphia, May 10.—After the recep tion in the Judges Hall, the President was driven through the grounds, and the visitors generally appear satisfied Avith the exhibition. The Empress of Brazil, escorted by Mrs. Gillespie, visited the woman's Pavilion this afternoon, and'made a tour of all the aisles and passages. There was no formalities at tending the visit. Dorn Pedro also visited the Pavilion, and his emphatic approval of the work there displayed by the American women. One of the most impressive scenes of the day took place in the Machinery Hall, where the President, assisted by his Imperial Majesty, Dom Pedro, started the motive power of that Hall. At a signal from Gen. IlaAvley, the President and the Emperor each seized a crank which opened the valves, and turned it several times. A sound was at once heard which gave to the people the under standing that the engine was about to move. The monstrous seventy-ton fly Avheel began to move sloAvly, and increased gradually in rapidity, until it was traveling at its full speed/ Gen. Hawley started the hurrah, Avhich Avas taken up by the surrounding mul titude, deafening echoes traveling through the building, and as all of the wheels in the Hall began to move, the ringing of bells and other demonstrations told to the world that the Centennial Exposition Avas faily opened. A Domestic Tragedy. CHAPTER I. With fierce energy she strode to the win dow; dashed back the rattling blind and peer ed into the inky darkness. But her burning glances failed to pierce the pall-like black ness that enshrouded the deserted streets. Tearing up the hall register and detaching the pedal fiom a sewing-machine, she laid them on a hassock and resumed her weary watch. The storm without raged with wild fury, driving the sleet across Charles River with a force and velocity that was apailing. The night waned and she sat wan and haggard. CHAPTER II. An abandoned-looking man, with a crim son nose, tattered Ulster and fearful fissures in his trousers was waltzing with uncertain strides through one of the grand avenues of the lower Port. Ever and anon the graceless man would mutter to himself: "I—hie— wonderiftheoldwoman'sup ?" Bracing him self he reached home, and was trying to pick the door lock with an empty flask, when the door was opened from within. 1 hen there came a wild cry for mercy, heard high above the horid, raging elements, waking up two policemen, and then all was quiet. A Big Nugget. A nugget was recently found in Moose Creek measuring nine and three quarter inches in circumference. Henry Elling, the Virginia City banker, purchased the same, paying for it the sum of $662. Where are the Black Hills? " Was He Crasy ?" The story we publish to-day is from the pen of T. P. Roberts, son of W. Wilnor Roberts, Chief Engineer of the N. P, R. R. Founded on facts that are fresh in the mem ory of many of our people, the story will be read with interest.