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THS WEEKLY HERALD.
2. E. FISK ........................... Editor. „TIllKSBAÏ, JW.\E 1, 18Î6# Ï'.NB Ol' THE SdlEXCK IXTENTIGA TION. Another investigation is ended, aud the substantial results are known as fully as though the report of the committee were already known. It willbe easy enough, proba bly, to tiud other precedents in this and other countries to offer as excuse for the conduct of our Minister to England. Perhaps there has been no violation of any direct law that can be found on our statute-book«. Perhaps, as is still claimed, the iniue may still be worth all that it cost. Perhaps, if the mine had turned out as rich as the Comstock and the purchasers had made a fortune out of their in vestment, no word of complaint would ever have been heard against Minister Schenck. But none of these excuses and explanations at all answer the purpose or reach the main body of the offense. It is equally true that if Schenck had not been Minister to England, he would not have been asked to be a director or been made tockholder to the extent of $50,000. It was not the simple credit of lion. Robert Schenck, late member of Congress from Ohio, it was name of Robert Schenck, then representing the great Republic at the first court of Europe, i t was because it would be generally regarded that one in his exalted position would not lend his name to a swindle, that induced many a capitalist to make the investment in Emma mine stock. It was not at all the example of one capital ist freely investing his own money, as if he were satisfied from personal examination that lie could not more profitably employ his own wealth. Schenck was not a capitalist using his own money, and his example had no weight from this source. Whether the $50,000 was really borrowed or was a gift outright, a bribe for the loan of his influence, matters comparatively little. The English public believe they have been swindled ; that our Minister has played on them the part of a confidence operator. We confess that the thing has that look, and nothing developed in the defense has materi ally changed the first look of the thing. Not even, should future developments prove that the mine was worth all that it has cost its English owners, would the conduct of the American Minister be vindicated. He has sold for his private gain the honor of a high position, lie has compromised not only his personal reputation, but dishonored his coun try's name for money. Those who profess to see nothing objectionable in such behavior must be stupid, indeed dead to all sense of honor. For the paltry $50,000 that General Schenck is reputed to have made, he has in jured the name of his country to an extent of n thousand timos as much. The COStS Of the investigation will involve a loss to the coun try of as much as he made to his own profit. What business has a Minister abroad thus to trade upon the capital of his country's credit ? Are there no reciprocal duties that one thus honored «and trusted owes to the country that has honored and trusted him ? Was Schenck sent to England to repre sent the national character and dignity, or to be made a stool-pigeon for a few sharpers to make use of in robbing English capitalists? It has been generally considered that those chosen to represent a nation at foreign courts should be men conspicuous for character and talent, the best men of the nation. And in proportion as that nation is the more power ful and connections the most intimate and extensive, it is right to persume that more care is used in selecting the most honorable and able. Some may content themselves by characterizing this as simply an indiscretion, but we look upon it as a crime of the first rank, to which r o adequate punishment could be attached. He who was trusted and paid to support and defend the honor and interests of his country, has tarnished the one and betrayed the other. Such is the verdict of all men of honor and intelligence the world over. The San Francisco Chronicle , in answer to the assertion that California is a doubtful State, says : "At the last election the official count gave Governor Irwin, 61,509 votes, and Phelps and Bidwell, rival candidates, a joint vote of 61,052. Add to the latter figures the 056 votes for Lovell, the temperance re form candidate, and Irwin's majority over all was 101. But it is well known that many Republicans, rather than vote for either faction of their own party, did not vote at «all or voted for Irwin. Therefore California can hardly be considered a doubtful State in the coming Presidential campaign. The present Lieutenant Governor is a minority officer, having received only 58,424 votes against Cd, GOD cast for his rivals. These 1 ist figures show the popular vote rather than those for the Governor, and give the Repub lican party the advantage of 2,060 votes in their favor over the vote cast for the Demo cratic Governor, and 5,115 better than Mr. Johnson received." The committee on judiciary have agreed to a bill relative to the establishment of a sinking fundj by the Pacific railroads to liquidate their indebtedness to the Govern ment for money advanced. The bill provides that the Union Pacific shall pay into the Treas ury of the Lnited States $750,000 per annum for ten years, and after ten years $1,000,000 per annum till the fund thus accumulated with interest i6 equal to the amount advanced by the Government lor the road. CABINET CHANGES. In these days of dead telegraphs aud inter mittent mails, we are treated to some very awkward surprises. The papers that arrived last night inform us that on the 22nd the Sen ate confirmed the nominations of Edwards Pierrepont to be Minister to England, Mc Donald Cameron to be War Secretary, and Secretary Taft to be Attorney General. We can say unreservedly that two thirds of this change is good and merits universal ap proval. Pierrepont is in every respect capa ble and worthy to represent us at the Court of St. James. He is a gentleman of honor, cultivation, *an experienced lawyer, able jurist, and a statesman of exalted views. Only one thing has ever been said against him, and that concerns his conduct or con nection with the Babcock trial. We are dis posed to be more lenient with him in this connection than his political opponents, for it was but natural that he should have shared at first the feelings current in highest circles of Babcock's innocence, and that he was be ing made a victim of unjust persecution. We are not satisfied that anything disreputable can be fastened on the Attorney General in this affair, W'hile his general administration of the duties of his office has been correct aud efficient. But for his pre-eminent quali fications for his new position there can be no question. He is thoroughly conversant with international law, and, at the present junc ture, -while the Winslow case is giving so much trouble to both cabinets, he is pos sessed of every point to conduct the negoti ations to a sound and satisfactory issue. There is every reason to believe that be will be well received in England, and will com mand respect of the nation and all with whom he holds official connection. We are very certain that neither by act or word will he dishonor himself or his nation or neglect or betray any national trust. We feel quite as sure that the transfer will be agreeable to bis own taste. The transfer of Secretary Taft, we be lieve, too, is another change that will meet as unreserved approval through the na tion. His whole life and experience have better fitted him for legal duties rather than for the management of the War Department. For the time that he has occupied the posi tion, he has done good service, and would, beyond doubt, have qualified himself soon for a thorough administration of its duties. In his integrity and good judgment every one had the fullest confidence. No Cabinet officer has set himself so earnestly at work to co-operate with the Committee of the House in carrying out every suggestion of economy where the efficiency of the ser vice would possibly admit of it. None would more readily confess than himself, that for the most successful discharge of the duties of that office, he possessed neither natural taste nor special training. We believe he will make a splendid Attorney General from the first day that he takes his new position, en joying the confidence of all honest men of both parties. We wish we could say as much for the new Minister of War, but the most that we feel inclined to say is, that we hope it may not prove as bad as we are oompelled to fear. If, as intimated, his appointment is connected with a promise of support from the Penn sylvania delegation for Conkling, we are very certain that a storm of general indignation will effectually annul any such contract, and that it will do more to defeat than aid any such aspirations. The worst we know of the new Secretary, is his tuition under his father and his reputed connection with political managements in his own State, which cer tainly has not given him a very favorable reputation outside of that State. It cannot be concealed that the country will regard his connection with the Department as merely nominal, and will look to the father as the in spiring power in every move that he makes. It will certainly be a very trying po sition, embarrassed from the start with gen eral disfavor, with hardly a chance to win any honor or success. And we cannot think otherwise than that it will weaken the ad ministration, and multiply complaints which it was policy to allay instead of arousing at this particular crisis. Montana at East. Mr. Remington, an old immigrant to Mon tana some years ago, concluded that he had had enough of Montana, and removed to Washington Territory, where he soon became dissatisfied and returned. After remaining for some time he got married and concluded to go back to his old home in Ohio, where he proposed to settle down permanently for life. But, after remaining for a few months, find ing times very hard, as they are everywhere in the States, and seeing all kinds of business slow and very dull, he wrote back to Boze man that he wanted to return, and requested his friends here to secure a school, which they did, aud a few days ago he returned, found the school ready for him, took charge of it, and has settled down permanently, per fectly satisfied that this Territory is better to make a living in than any of the States or other Territories. This is the experience of all of them—all who have lived in Montana and went away ; but most of them have not been as fortunate as Mr. Remington in hav ing money to pay their expenses back again. Poor people and persons with little means now in Montana, if they know their beet in terests, had better remain contented. They will find no other place in the world where they can do better. The wealthy can live anywhere .—Bozeman Times. in to C. EADS TRIUMPHANT. On the 3d of March, 1875, an Act passed Congress in connection with the usual ap propriation bill, for river and harbor im provement, to authorize Capt. James B. Eads, of St. Louis, to construct jetties and under take the opening, over the SouthJPass Bar, of a channel capable of admitting the largest sized ocean steamer into the w'aters of the Mississippi. It was then regarded by most as a visionary scheme, but the total appro priation of $5,250,000 was made, payable only on condition that the work was first done, and the payments were to extend over a considerable term of years. Among the first conditions, work was to begin within eight months, and ^unless within thirty months from the date of the Act a channel of twenty feet depth was obtained, Congress might re voke the grant of privileges. On the 12th of May the ocean steamer Hudson, drawing fifteen feet of water, passed safely through, and there was a clear depth of seventeen feet in the shallowest part. That is, within less than half the time allowed by Act of Congress, a channel of seventeen feet Las been secured, whereat the outlet, w'as only a depth of eight feet. When the channel of two hundred feet width and twenty feet depth is reached, the first pay ment of $500,000 is to be made, and the same amount when an additional depth of two feet is secured with corresponding in crease of width. The ultimate aim is to reach a depth ot thirty feet with a width of three hundred and fifty feet. The last mill ion dollars of payment is to be retained as security that the work shall be maintained at its maximum for a term of twenty years after its completion. The measure of success al ready achieved ensures the realization of the highest anticipations, and that, too, within much shorter time thau contemplated. When we consider that the Mississippi and its branches drain an area of 1,226,600square miles, more than one third of the whole country; that it has 1,500 navigable branch es ; that one half of the States lie upon its banks or those of its principal tributaries, the Missouri and the Ohio, we can gain some proper conception of the extent of country and population to be benefitted by this latest achievement of our first century's history. We are glad that the general Government has lent its name aud means to confer this great benefit upon the Southern States. While more esepcially aiding the South, it has aided more or less the entire West, and even we, at the extreme head waters of this great river of the country, will not fail to receive a share of the benefits. We believe that in connec tion with this improvement ot the outlet, Government should lend a liberal hand to wards constructing levees of a permanent, safe and effectual character along the whole distance of the low T er river. The work should be done in connection with State and county aid. It would redeem vast extents of the most valuable land in the country, besides saving hundreds of lives annually sacrificed by acci dent and disease caused by these overflows. Not only are the Southern States poor at present, unable to grapple with large works of internal improvement, but such a tender of aid from the General Government will do much to efface the ill-feeling that war pro duced, and divert their attention from the unhappy past to the brighter future. Nothing so fortunate ever happened for New Orleans, and we shall be greatly mis taken if from this day forward a new era of life and prosperty does not open on the city. It will become the greatest cotton market of the world. Ships from all the ports of the world will be seen at its docks. Under the stimulated production, swamps of the State will become productive fields, and such a growth of wealth as never before witnessed. This work of Eads will prove a blessing to the country not inferior to the completion of the Pacific Railway. Ocean commerce is brought into the heart of the continent The whole river becomes a port of entry and a safe harbor, open at all seasons of the year. The name of Eads will be honorably associ ated in history with that of Stephenson and Lesseps, and we hope that his past success will inspire him to dare and do yet greater things. _ BLAINE S DAY. On the 26th inst the Republicans of Illinois, Missouri, Minnesota and Kansas, held their State conventions, with the following result : Illinois elected forty Blaine delegates out of the forty-two; Missouri fourteen out of thirty ; Minnesota nine out of ten, and Kan sas ten—solid. It was not considered an ex traordinary day for Blaine either. The re sult was sufficiently encouraging, however, to make the friends of the ex-Speaker very jubilant. _ The Blaine bond scandal is stamped out completely by lawyer Stewart's careful state ment, supported by abundant documentary proof showing the whole transaction w 7 as with another party entirely, from which Stew art received the bonds, and cites that the power of attorney dated two years before his first acquaintance with Speaker Blaine. New Hampshire Republican Conven tion. Concord, N. H., May, 24.—The Republi can State Convention met here to-day. The resolutions leave the delegates uninstructed and untramelled, only requiring them to use their best efforts to secure the nomination of candidates whose names will inspire con fidence and enthusiasm, and whose election in November will be an unfailing assurance to the country of a pure and efficient admin istration. Iris Colby, Nathan C. White, C. H. Burns and Daniel Hall were elected delegates. HARD UP FOR CAPITAL. Tue beneficiary of the Cullen Printing Bill would like desperately well to find some reader ignorant enough to believe that the Herald could be blinded to the true in terests of our County and City from dislike of the Governor. Really this is a sublime conception worthy of an institution that has squandered its little strength in decrying the credit and belying the county indebtedness in search of revenge against the Cormnision ers who would not print in full the name of every juror and witness in their annual re port. We make no qualifications of our act in signing the petition to the County Com missioners purging them to put the road through the canyon in repair as soon as pos sible, regardless of expense. We know the character of the men to whom it was ad dressed,—know them to be careful and cautious. We wanted them to feel that they need not hesitate to do what the necessities of the public required at this juncture. But we want none the less, that they should take at its proper discount, the ecstatic appeal of an organ of abuse, which has never allowed public interests to stand in the w r ay of per sonal malice or party capital. We repeat, what we said, without fear of the disapproval of any citizen, that we desire the utmost economy consistent w T ith public interests. Who does not ? If there is such a citizen, we would like to see him for a curiosity. Who desires any unnecessary or extravagant expenditure of money ? Let the public in terests alone be the limit of expenditure as of economy. Who, outside the Indepedent office wants a diffierent standard?! A TRIP THROUGH MEAGHER COUNTY Centreville consists of two stores, a black smith shop, Masonic Hall and several resi dences, and is a pleasantly located little vil lage. W. C. Smith and James Barker are merchandising, the latter being Postmaster. David Hoover is proprietor of the black smith shop and does a thriving business. The residence of G. C. McFadden is one of thefinest.in the Territory, where the wearied traveler can find rest and refreshment. The first ranch above Centreville, on the river road is that of Job Thompson, who will sow this year 100 acres of grain. Close by is Ed Slee, who will have 50 acres ; next, T. Mclvoin, 100 acres; then comes Mark Shelly, with 200 acres; W. P. Baker will have 100 acres ; Province Bros, 100 acres, and J. E. Kanouse, 100 acres. J. W. Gar lington has sold both his grain ranches, and devotes his attention to stock. Jacob Tit man will have 40 acres in grain ; David Houston will plant 40 acres; Jas. T. Thorpe, 65 acres ; T. N. Deadmond, 70 acres ; G. E. Ballard, 60 acres, and McFaddden & Van Vorst, 110 acres. Mr. Deadmond and sons discovered last winter several quartz lodes in the foot hills close by Six-mile creek. One of them, the McClelland, has been developed to the depth of 15 feet, and shows a 20-inch crevice. The rock assays 51 per cent, copper, $9,60 per ton in silver, and $1S in gold. In the other leads silver predominates, but they have not been sufficiently tested to prove them. Un fortunately my notes of the ranches below Centreville and contiguous to Canton are lost, and I 9hall be compelled to speak from mem ory. C. B. Smith has his ranch near Centre ville, and it is almost useless to tell the Her ald readers that he is engaged in raising fine horses. Mr. Smith has recently purchased Bob Lee, said by competent judges to be the finest stallion in Montana. Thos. Dean is neighbor to Mr. Smith,and has about 100 acres ingrain. P. Me Knight, formerly of Helena, has a fine ranch below Centreville, and has in 80 acres of grain. On John Loyd's ranch are 90 acres sown, and on Henry Whaley's, 100 acres. At Canton, W. E. Tierney is merchandising and has charge of the Post Office. The Catholic Church is a neat and substantial frame building and will be completed this summer. Thos. A. Fletcher is ranching be low Canton. Griffith Patrick is also a resi dent of this place. From Confederate Creek to Centreville, is the Missouri Valley: from Centreville to Grayson Creek is what is known as the Deep Creek Valley, and from Grayson Creek to the Missouri River canyon, Poverty Flat. The latter portion, however, must not be judged harshly from its name, for as one of the resi dents said, "with labor and water we can have a second Eden.'' While this section of Meagher county may have its equal as a grain producing region, it has no superior, either in extent, richness of soil, or facilities for irrigating. The w'ater supply, however, for future ranches will have to come from the Missouri river, with the head of the ditch about Horse Shoe Bend. In this, my last communication from Meagher county, permit me to congratulate you on the popularity of the Herald, and the hold you have on the confidence and es teem of the people, regardless of party or creed. In proof of this I return to you your old subscribers, with only one lost, aud a host of new ones added thereto. J. W. A. —-——aw - Blaine Jnbilant. New York, May 24. The Express' Wash ington special says Blaine is jubilant over the western new9, and hfo friends declare that Nebraska, Kansas and Minnesota will follow in the lead of Illinois for him. Every Republican State west of Indiana indeed is now claimed for Blaine. Grant sticks to Conkling, but only the Morton combination can save him. is a out A the and STOCK. GROWING IN MONTANA. To the Editor of the Herald. Many letters of inquiry concerning stock, the advantages and disadvantages offered by our Territory, etc., coming under my obser vation of late, I feel it incumbent on me to make the following remarks : Having at one time been employed as trav eling agent for a large house my duties called me to all the inhabited, or rather, civilized portions of our States and Territories. Being of a practical turn and always hoping at some future day of being financially able to enter the lists of stock-growers, I permitted noth ing to go unobserved pertaining to the sub ject, and for many reasons, some of which I will state, Montana curries off the prize. Nowhere does the buffalo bunch grass (the most nutritious knowm) grow so luxuriantly as in our Territory. This grass, so little known in the States, has, by scientific re search, been proven to contain as large a per centage of nutriment as either oats or corn for stock. It does not, as other grass, lose its entire substance in the autumn wheD a few frosts have covered it, but continues to hold its life-giving properties throughout the sever est winters, and when under snow is easily found by all stock and permits them to sub sist quite as well as upon the best bay. In comparison with a poor quality of hay, it is far preferable. The facilities for hay, too, in the Territory are surpassed in no country. With our extensive valleys of a ric h, black loam, with an abundance of water for irriga ting purposes, with also an increase of rain each succeeding year, it would indeed be difficult to find a better grass-growing climate and soil. While in the lower latitudes, cattle and sheep are infected with various mala dies and a large percentage (equal to the in crease) die, in Montana such a thing is rarely known. Healthier stock than one finds in this Territory cannot be found elsewhere. Another aud much more important feature in our favor, is the irrigating and exhilarating influence the mountain air has upon the human system. Many come here physically prostrated, sick in mind and body, as though they were living merely to save funeral expen ses in these tight times, but ere a twelve-month has passed a complete change takes place, and in lieu of pale, puny, despondent beings, ahvays looking upon the dark side of life, we find them robust, cheerful and contented, staunch believers in the old adage, "Every cloud has its silvery lining." This, however, is irrelevant to the matter in hand. I inten ded only to have given the advantages of the country to stock-growers. Many will doubt less argue that every question, having two sides, it wmuld be just to give the disadvan tages of stock-raising in the Territory. If disadvantages there are, I for one cannot see them, revolve the matter in as many ways as I may. 'Tis true that occasionally we hear of the loss of a few head of stock, but upon investigation we generally find some very obvious cause, and the percentage of loss in this way is so trifling in itself it is un worthy our notice. Our market is above average. It is consequently needless to say more upon this point. Had we not the health iest climate in the world, had we not gold and silver by the ton under our very feet as it were, I contend, Montana Territory, for its advantages and facilities for raising stock, alone, should fast become populated, and in a brief number of years that population might stand pre-eminently above in every respect any other community on the globe. J. H. B. APPEAL In Behalf of the Fort Garry Prisoners. To - Sir • I have been called upon by Geo. W. Bell, James Hughes and Philander Yogel, citizens of Montana, now prisoners at Fort Garry, Province of Manitoba, B. A., to ap peal to you, and through you te their fellow citizens of this Territory for assistance. They are to be tried by a foreign power, in a for eign country, on or about the 20th of June, 1876, and require some assistance to procure counsel, and pay expenses of a few witnesses that will be sent to Fort Garry from Benton. I am sure it is not necessary to enter into the details of the case, it must be fresh in the minds of the people of this Territory. Their arrest and imprisonment is merely the sup plementary act of the extradition drama at Helena, last summer, in which the undersign ed, with four others, Hale, Hardwick, Har per and Deveraux, figured as criminals. If guilt were attached to the Cypress Hills fight, then, indeed were we the guilty party. The decision of Commissioner Cullen denied the existence of criminality on our part, in con nection with the fight with the Indians in 1873. We were the acknowledged leaders, and the evidence that had been produced was not sufficient to indict us in any court in this country, yet Bell, Hughs and Yogel were indicted at Fort Garry on less evidence than the Canadian authorities produced at Helena. It was declared then that all the evidence that could bear on the case was pro duced, so that it is easy to imagine in what condition these unfortunate men will be placed if they are allowed to go to trial with out counsel or witnesses. Some of these witnesses are under indict ment in Canada for the same offense, to-wit, that upon which they were discharged at Helena, and cannot go to the place of trial. A few witnesses must be sent and win be, with the assistance of the people of Montana. Every endeavor is being made to have a com mission appointed at Helena to take the depo sitions of those who cannot cross the line. Never has a case occurred that deserves the consideration of the people of Montana more than this. Three of their fellow-citi zens to be tried before a foreign judge and jury for defending their lives and property and to be tried upon the evidence of perjured informers—evidence of such character that it would not be received as proof of crime be fore an honest judge, in Helena, in this Ter ritory. These men are penniless, and I be seech you to open a subscription list at your place, and you will place the Fort Garry (American) prisoners under obligations, through Yours, Respectfully, JOHN H. EVANS. (Subscriptions may be sent to J. H. Evans, Fort Benton, or United Slates Consulat Wia nepeg.)