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T'L' H . rv «LU -Vj* SLY HERALD. .Editor. Jt?«E 1» 18ÎG. THE CENTENNIAL, The Granu Opening* Ceremonies, May 10th. on the Two nu: ndroc Thousand Grounds. Peoopls The Greatest and Grandest Exhibition Ever Witnessed. Editorial Correspondeao*. Philadelphia, May 10th, 1876. Leaving New York at 7 o'clock this morn ing, I was the only Montanian, so far as 1 know, of the estimated 200,000 people pres ent as witnesses of, and participators in, the opening ceremonies of the Centennial Expo sition. The grand musical performance, par ticipated in by more than one thousand trained voices aud innumerable wind and string in struments, all uuder Theodore Thomas, the ad Iresses of the President of the Board of Finance, John Welch; of Gen. Joseph Haw ley, President of the Commission, and of President Grant ; the reading of the Centen nial Hymn by Whittier—all this, before a prodigious, measureless mass of humanity, struggling, crowding, but withal as patient, good natured, and forbearing as oould be, occupied the space of three hours. Thou sands, tens of thousands could see, but to a few hundred only could the music, as music, or the speech-making, or the reading of the Hymn, or the impressive prayer, be heard. 1 was quite coulent to secure a perch upon a near scaffolding, from which, with a fortu nate few, I could survey the wholo inspiring scene. I doubt if any such superb, stupend ous spectacle ever before greeted the eye of man in this or any other country or age of the world. The introductory exercises in front of Memorial Hall, at last came to an end ; the official procession, headed by Di rector General Goshom, followed by Presi dent Grant escorting the Empress of Brazil, and Dorn Pedro with Mrs. Grant, started for a hurried inspection of the MAIN BUILDING. The march was made in quick time, only a passing glimpse being taken by the distin guished party of the grand exhibits made by the different nationalities. At the hour of 12 o'clock the procession emerged from the western portal ; the tied up flags and bunting were loosened and floated out gracefully to the breeze ; the bell chiming out its glorious music, the national anthem, and brazon mouthed cannon boomed from Fairmount Heighths. The military and police had all they wanted to do to keep back the enthusi astic, surging mass, and hold open the way to MACHINERY HALL. I MACHINERY HALL. Here miles upon miles ot shafts and belts, attached to machinery of every description and kind known 'to the inventive genius of the age, were still but ready at the word of command and by a single touch of the levers of the stupendous Corliss engine, to be put in instant and harmonious operation Mr. Geoge S. Corliss, of Providence, R. I., the builder of this unexampled machine, stood near the monster motor, and greeting the President and the Emperor as they ap proached with the Director General, whis pered his instructions, and the Republic and the Empire of North and South America set in motion the MACHINERY OF TUB WORLD. * Looms started on fabrics of wool, cotton, and silk ; rolling cylendars spun out sheets of metal from ingots of iron, copper, eine, and tin ; knitting machines commenced the modeling of hosiery, drawers, shirts, and other underwear ; printing presses rushed off newspapers from endless sheets at lightning speed, and a thousand other wondrous ma chinery inventions of incalculable value and impossible description, hummed, and rattled, and sped in quickening degree as the mighty central engine was put to the test of its matchless stride and strength. At the hour of 1 o'clock the wide doors of all the build ings were THROWN OPEN TO THE MULTITUDE. Into them and through them rushed the im patient thousands, making the most of the few hours of the day left to them to obtain a flitting panoramic view of the varied and countless sights passing to right and left as footsteps wero hurried around. Wonder and amazement were in the eye of the throngs pushing and battling their way into, through, and out of the several principal buildings. The Exhibition unquestionably excels in mag nitude aud variety and grandeur any of the World's Fairs yet held. In the broadest and fullest expression of the term, it is a success. It will take one a fortnight to properly see the great show of our Centennial. I have not even a day to give to it and speak of it now, but will come again presently and stay with it a spell. IT WILL NOT SPOIL. It will increase in interest as the different departments are perfected and all the thou sand of exhibitors are in full readiness to show their best. Montanians and other far away people will come here in June and the months after. They will see in the genius, in the products, the manufactures, and indus tries of every kind here gathered and spread to their view their country—the whole coun ty- Nor will so many of them afterward yearn to cross the water for sights in other lands. Christendom is assembled at Uncle Sara's Centennial, with some of the heathen and semi-barbaric nations thrown in. Eng land, France, Germany, Russia, Spain, Aus tria, the Netherlands, Sweeden, Norway, Bel gium, Brazil, the South American Republics, Mexico, China, Japan, Australia, Ontario, and other countries can be reached and seen by a visit to Philadelphia, and above all, they can see and learn very much ®f their own great and glorious country, and go away prouder than before that this is their own, their native land. I think that other of our people who will come here b®oq, will feel, like myself, CAUSH OF HBOKHT that Montana's exhibit is so meagre and so altogether imperfect. A double cabinet, about twenty feet long, tastily modeled after the patern of others in th® United States building, holds the bulk of the ore collection from our mines. Specimens of Yellowstone curiosities, in number and size about equal to the mineral show, occupy their share of the cabinet space, and pleasantly attract the eye. The ore samples are contributed from various leads, but are unmarked on their face, and only from the hidden label on which each piece of ore is placed can be gained the secret of the mines from which they are taken, or where located. Outside of the cabinet, on low stands, I recognized several of the larger Montana ore specimens—principal amoDg which is the ore from the Sallie Belle lode, exhibited at our last Territorial Fair, as also an ore chunck nearly as large from the Speckled Trout mine, belonging with two or three other specimens to the " Donaldson col lection." These pieces of silver bearing ore, together with one from the Comet mine, com prise the exhibit outside of the cabinet. Look ing about for a label giving some data of these sample Montana ores, I found them on loose scraps of paper on the stands or pedes tals. or on the floor. The Sallie Bell label was not discoverable. Those of the marks of this kind found and scrutinized, were written out in the easily readable calligraphy of Montana's Commissioner, and from each one of them I learned that the contribution was made through " Hon. J. P. Woolman. The "Hon.," I presume, was a little "play' of Jo's, who doubtless often smiles at the cute joke he thus perpetrates on "Old Broad brim." I judge there must be some "game up " to keep our commissioner out of sight as in the two visits I have made here I have not had the pleasure of meeting him. While entirely able to contain my enthusiasm within bounds in so far as contemplating the part taken in the exposition by Montana, I am un speakably gratified to be able to say of the Great Fair as a whole that it exceeds any thing and eyerything of the sort that this Yankee nation, or probably any other nation ever undertook before. Wearied beyond measure with trudging and sight seeing, and this after-task of attempt ing but all too imperfect record of the day, I cease till another time. R. E. F. a A [Correspondence of the Helena Herald] Philadelphia, May 10, 1876 Philadelphia is ablaze. People, and flags, and illuminations, seem calling back the as yet brightest day of the country. It is now past midnight, and the demonstration in Chestnut street is still at full height. The street is absolutely blocked, and, at places, the noise is extreme. The general impression that to-day would be mere ceremony, has proven decidedly wrong. There was really no ceremony at all. There could hardly have been more freedom on so great an occasion. The morning opened with a surprising and stirring profu sion of flags and banners. One might stand at any corner ; he could face the same waves of color. Bells were everywhere ringing; guns were firing. Everything tended to raise Centennial spirit. The bands and soldiery began early to centre, and the President's es cort formed into line. All along the pub lished route to the very gates of the Exhibi tion, great crowds awaited the procession As the march began, the enthusiasm began. Grant's party was, of course, the central fig ure. When the cheering got well under way, it seemed to pass regularly up the street with the carriages. The President was in the midst of continued noise, and he acted better than was his wont. He arose in his carriage and frequently acknowledged the greetings he received. Nor did the Governors act at all stiffly. In fact, excepting Gen. Hawley, the line had none of the usual reserve and affected dignity. The grounds were jammed. Along the ave nues, files of militia, with fixed bayonets, were stationed to keep clear the neighbor hood of Memorial Hall. As the distinguished visitors ascended the platform, there was comparative silence. Bishop Simpson at length stepped forward to the front of the stand. The sight was imposing. Far around were tens of thousands of spectators. The tall, grey-haired man raised his hands, and, to the people, seemed to keep the attitude of silent prayer. The constant hum everywhere, made it impossible for any to hear save the chosen few near the stand. The whole ef fect of the hour must be in the persons, not in the words of the speakers. And the ef fect heve was greater than any words could have had. In a few minutes the Bishop turned, waved to the orchestra, and a choir of one thousand voices was easily heard in every part of the grounds. The Hymn was Whittier's; the melody was simple but beau tiful. The music ceased, and John Welsh krose. From his movements, ail could un derstand that he delivered the grounds to the Commission. There was no applause what ever. People seemed to look for something still to come. Gen. Hawley next arose. As he finally presented Gen. Grant to the Exposi tion, he stood for a minute, his left arm ex tended and moving slowly over the scene around him, his right arm extended tow ard the President. At this moment Grant arose. The scene was too much for even the Com missioners. Applause broke f®rth|trom every quarter. The crowds shouted and cheered ; the military shook caps and banners in the air ; the choir arose in body, waving hand kerchiefs and flags. Mr. Welsh stepped to the side of the platform, and, with an impul sive gesture, called out to the soldiers: " Boys, give three long cheers for the Presi dent of our nation.!" A tremendous burst followed. Enthusiasm it a mean word for describing such a scene. Grant sl®wly un rolled his manuscript and proceeded to read a speech to the reporters ; no others could hear him. The cheering lulled and stormed at short intervals. At the instant Grant pro nounced his last words, declaring the Expo sition opened, a flag leaped up the staff at his left. This was the appointed signal. Flags and streamers were raised on all the build ings. The choir fairly shouted the Hallilu jah Chorus; bells and chimes rang out; ar tillery roared, and the people uproared. There was a grand and pleasing discord. For some moments Grant stood alone, looking around. Then came the break. A passage was cleared for Machinery Hall, and, amid loud demonstrations, the President led the way. As he entered, the crowd surged into the passage ways. The word was given, the great engine started, and all was over. Such was the opening ceremony as it ap peared to the visitors. Of course, speeches were made ; but these were intended for the outside world only. The people could see much, but could hear only themselves. The President was now in the crowd. He held out his hand to those near him and gave hundreds the hand-shake. He passed from one place to another, nevar speaking but ever smiling and ready to offer his hand. His course had a decidedly good effect. At length, the whole party left the grounds. Now began the real day. The great mass now changed into individual men and women, pushing aud being pushed. There were pres ent entirely too many for comfort. Solid columns filed into the entrances of each build ing; and whoever entered w T as hurried through without a moment to stop to examine products, and hardly with enough time for the eye to keep decent pace with the feet Nothing could be seen well ; yet, at the close, the visitors seemed to have passed through every building. There was one serious mistake and discom fort. The restaurants had not a half sufficient supply. Thousands failed to obtain aDy lunch at all. Shortly after noon, while the dining-rooms were crowded, the waiters an nounced that every provision was exhausted A few berrels of crackers were finally secur ed, and peddled at an extravagant price. The effect of all this is practical and real. Un satisfied appetites soon made dissatisfied minds, and robbed the exposition of much of its good humor. w it do a It wrould seem that we have hardly profited by the experience which Vienna afforded. There is yet much to be gotten ready in each department of the exposition. One of the Commissioners to-day said to me as his opin ion, that fully a month will be ^required to complete the preparations. The evident aim of the papers is to attach the whole blame to the exhibitors. In some of the departments, however, this is certainly unjust. I have been in conversation with many of the ex hibitors, and the complaint is general that the buildings were not ready in time to allow for the necessary arrangements of exhibits. As a whole, however, the exposition ex ceeds all expectation. It is truly grand. None dispute the credit due the Commission. To-day has indeed been a great success ; and if, as is now promised, the advancing season serves but to intensify the feelings already awakened, what will be the Fourth of July ? A. A. W. --- ^ < LATEST ACTION OF TI1E HOUSE. The Appropriation Bills are getting through the House after a fashion. That for the Indian service reduced, below four mill ions, and conditioned that the service be henceforth 2performed by the Military De partment, meets our approbation. So, too, does much of the action of the House re lating to the postal service, though it is said to be encumbered with impossible conditions, requiring the Postmaster General to perform increased service on reduced appropriations, while he is limited by law from overdrawing the appropriations. Unless this trouble is remedied in some way, we shall see our mail service discontinued before the year expires, unless carriers will work and take their chances of getting pay from the Government. In the matter of the Consular and Diplo matic Appropriation Bill, the House, it is said, already regrets its action, and if so, there will be a chance to mend the matter be fore the session closes. The War Depart ment is going to be shorn to the utmost, no doubt, with a view to prevent any troops be ing sent into the «Southern States to interfere with negro-killing, but it should be borne in mind that there is a Mexican frontier need ing much guarding, and there is an Indian war on hand that is destined to be serious and expensive. As to our navy, it must be content to see itself reduced to short allowance, no matter how much our commerce and adventurous is As ; to for countrymen on all lands and seas may suffer. Meanwhile hundreds of thousands of dollars are squandered beyond the sphere of legitimate investigation for no higher purpose than tc create political capital for the Demo cratic party. TIE 1MIE» OF THF PAIGJf. CAB We are already within three weeks of the Cincinnati Convention, and that of St. Louis will very soon follow it, but so far the discus sions of the press and the attention of the public have been almost exclusively given to the candidates likely to be placed in nomin ation, and very little to the issues of the can vass or the principles that will be involved. It hardly seems possible that the great quad riennal contest for a Chief Executive of the most powerful and important nation in the world, is going to be reduced to a personal contest between any two men, or between any two sets of men, who «imply want offi ces for the 6«ke of the salaries. There was a time once, on the occasion of Monroe's sec ond election, when parties seemed to have died out and no issues of importance divided the country. There are plenty of live and important issues at present pressing for settle ment, but it 6eems as if political managers on both sides were trying to press them back and keep them out of sight for fear of break ing up the present organizations. It is a very difficult matter to make new issues conform to past political affiliations. Their tendency all the time is to bend, twist and break the lines and form new alliances and associations. Thus the slavery question broke up the old Whig party and gave birth to a new one drawing its strength about equally in the North from the old Whig and Democratic parties. We see no issue at present of such an exciting nature that it is likely to break up either of the great parties now in the field —at least not before the next President has been chosen. Still, we believe that princi ples more than the character of the men nom inated will decide this coming election. The cry for reform is so general throughout the land that neither party will dare to ignore the demand whatever might be their inclinations. Hence we expect to see good men nominated by both conventions. For our own part, we look with greater interest to see the platforms constructed at these conventions. Not that w r e have ordinarily much faith in party plat forms; but they generally strike the key-note of the campaign. The party that can give the strongest and most reliable assurances on the great subjects of a sound and settled na tional currency, and a thorough, organic civil service reform, is most likely to win the day. For our part, we have no doubt which it will be. The Democrats have nothing in the shape of recent material out of which to constitute a platform. Their record during and since the war will provide nothing serv iceable. Their real purpose of undoing so far as possible the results of the civil war, they dare not avow. On the currency issue they are hopelessly divided, and as for re forming the civil service, they show in the case Hambleton and Fitzhugh how they intend to do it. We shall be disappointed if the Dem ocratic platform contains anything more than a most general allusion to the early principles of the fathers of the Republic, and a reaffir mation of all the contradictory and unmean ing platitudes of late National Conventions. If a reformer like Tilden is nominated, it will be on the same principle that four years ago led them to adopt Horace Greeley. They want nothing of reform except to use it as a means of regaining power. What has the present House of Representatives doie to wards a reform ? What kind of men have they put in positions at their disposal? Even at a time when the manufacture of political capital is their only business, they have not been able to restrain themselves by rules of ordinary prudence and have blundered into such shameful appointments that they have been forced to dismiss them. Of the Republican Convention, we expect, the public anticipates very different things. While it will adhere to all those principles that have preserved the Union and given liberty to the enslaved, it must not stop there. It must show itself equal to solving the great questions of the present. It must say hard money and civil service reform in its plat form and in its candidate, in its Representa tives and Senators. It must say these things in such a way that the people will believe them. It must pledge itself to enact civil service reform into law, and square profes sions by actions. The men throughout the nation that are placed in nomination should be those whose character will be a surety that their promises shall be performed. THE SEW CONNECTICUT SENATOR. The seat in the Senate left vacant by the death of O. S. Ferry, and now filled, by the ap pointment of the Governor, by ex-Governor English, has been permanently filled by the Legislature of that State electing William H. Barnum. Some ask if it is Barnum the show man, who is a resident of Connecticut and once run for Governor of the State on the temperance issue. Senator Barnum is an iron manufacturer of large wealth living in the northwestern part of the State, vastly in ferior to the showman Barnum, inferior to the present Senator English, and, if possible, inferior to his colleague, W. W. Eaton, who is a third-rate politician of the extreme Bour bon school, noisy, narrow-minded, who never had an original thought or undertook an in dependent action. To under rank such a man was difficult, but Connecticut Democrats have done it. There is but one virtue that we have in of to a ever heard attributed to Baruurn, and that is wealth. He has bought his seat iu the Senate as he has for years past he has bought bis seat in the lower House. Of his career in the House nothing has ever come of it that would inform the world that such a man had ever existed. He has never made a speech and has rarely cast a vote. He is one of those men available on some occasions, whose opinions, if they have any, are kept profoundly secret. He was claimed to be favorable both to hard money and a paper currency, and was sup ported by the friends of each. His most in timate friends had never heard him express an opinion one way or the other, and should his rote ever be called on this question, he will dodge, and still leave his supporters in the fog. We have no doubt that Senator Barnum will draw his pay regularly, but so far as ever lifting his hand to draft any measure, or opening his head to make a suggestion pertinent to his duties, his seat might as well be occupied by a mummy. Poor Conneticut, how fallen! This State that has always maintained an illustrious line of Senators, beginning with Johnson and Ellsworth and running down through such a succession as Sherman and Trumbull, without an unworthy incumbent, till the State fell away from the faith of its fathers, and sold its birthright to modern Democracy. There were men even in the Democratic pärty that would not have dishonored the State, Gov. lngersoll, English, David A. Wells. But these men would not pay,I and the commercial Democracy must have money. To make this disgrace doubly infamous, it occurs on the Centennial year, when every one is forced to compare the present with the past. We know of nothing in our nation's history that presents so unwel come a contrast as Oliver Ellsworth, the Senator of a hundred years ago, and Wm. H. Barnum the Senator of to-day. It is painful and huiniliàting and as a single fact would go far to prove the theory of those who as sert that the peopls are unfit for self-govern ment. We hope this night of its ignominy has reached its darkest and will soon give way to a new dawn. A State with such sons as Hawley, Harrison, Woolsey, Wells, by the score, surely cannot long submit to its present disgrace. The substitution of Cockrell for Carl Schurz in Missouri, was another achievement of modern reform Democracy of the same type. Are the people of this country iu its Centen nial year, going to put the whole government into such hands? EET US DOWN EAST. To-day's Independent did not shine with its wonted scintillations of wit, and to its readers seemd sadly stale and insipid. It generally dazzles, and can only be read through ßmoked glass, as it were. But the joke set in that office in stereotyped plate, and printed in successive issues of that spicy sheet with a patience and pertinacity which falsely hints of a paucity of intellectual re sources about Mr. E. T. Johnson being a candidate for Congress the coming fall, was unaccountably omitted. We trust the editor did not by reason of a superabundance of " tanglefoot " become intellectually "pied." But its omission is painful, and we must say that it is unaccountable. Do not for a mo ment think Mr. Independent , that perpetual repetitions of that solitary joke wili ever be come nauseous or wearisome even. Do not stop our vehement laughter instantaneously, but let us down easily. It is so consumedly funny you know. Give us a laugh. THE SECRETARYSHIP OF UTAH. We learn from Secretary Callaway that he is well acquainted with Moses M. Bane, re cently appointed by the President, Secretary of Utah. Col. Callaway says Mr. Bane was Colonel of an Illinois regiment and lost liis arm at the battle of Shiloh, and was breveted a brigadier for gallant and meritorious ser vices. General Bane is about 43 years of age, and is well and favorably known in Illinois. The Salt Lake Tribune speaks very complimentary of ex-Secretary Black. Cor respondence with Mr. Black, in the Secre tary's office here, indicate that he was an ac complished and capable officer. At the Independent Convention at Indian apolis, on the 18th, Peter Cooper was nomi nated for President and Newton Booth for Vice President, and then adjouned. A dis patch from New York says Peter Cooper de clined to accept the nomination. Cooper said : At my age and with my infirmities, it would be utterly impossible for me to venture the fatigues of a campaign. I am 80 years old. They have a very good man down there (Gov. Allen.) Let them nominate him for the Presidency, and I have very strong hopes that the people will elect him. Bayard Taylor, who does the generaliz ing of the Centennial exhibition for the New York Tribune says the opening was "a superb, a wonderful success, and that no such spectacle has ever before been witnessed in this country—probably none grander in all the essentials of expressive show anywhere in the world, since the triumphs of the Cæsars came to an end." Mr. Taylor is a competent judge of such things. Mellons are to be utilized in San Fran cisco for the manufacture of several articles of commerce, water-mellons being the variety to be used mostly. They are said to produce a good quality of sugar, superior to that pro duced from beets, and also yield a delicious syrup. The seeds are to be used for the manufacture of table oils.