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1 of the vulgar, but to yet moi •e of quick intellig< time to read lengthy descrij story 1 roin an eye- ay Hues hear, t do, witii our eyes. rapidly and correctly, into picture; 3, ho wever faithful THE WE EKLY HERALD . 2 . E. FISS........................... Editor. liliKSDAY, JUNE S, 1810» O HJ IX T TEAllliYC. Tiie ino^t advanced and varied experience in the methods of imparting instruction has developed into greater prominence the object system of teaching. It is peculiarly nature's method, under who.^e tuition the little infant makes such wonderful progress. Ideas gath ered in the immediate presence of the objects to which they relate, stand out with all the fullness and clearness of matter to the eje. The most accurate and glowing description possible of any unknown object would leave a very weak impression on the mind of a child, compared with a few moments of see ing and handling. Perhaps it is owing to the fact that w r e depart from nature's methods and early become the victims of inferior and vicious systems that so many bright children turn out very dull and ignorant men and women. Certain it is, that if we continued through life to learu iu the same proportion as in the first three or four years, every per son before passing years of maturity would be a scholar and philosopher, wiser than Solomon. Advancing civilization seems to have some struggling comprehension of the situation, and is partially supplying the défi ciences. Photography Las become a wonder ful adjunct to all earlier methods of impart ing information. A steroscopic view of for eign cities and scenes, instantly taken, con veys more accurate information than the most skillful painter could produce by months of patient labor. Without leaving one's na tive town a person can now traverse every section of the globe and gain a fair stock of reliable information of the peculiarities of each country, its inhabitants and productions, by means of these faithful sun pictures. Every year is witnessing vast improvements and wider circulation of illustrated news papers. It is not simply to satisfy the gaping ta demand for ;ence, that has not ions or near the We read and and much more re bargain. But and life-like and superior to the most elaborate and eloquent description, fall short of life, and in lacking this single element, fail of half their power to arouse interest and fix impressions. A child would be more charmed by the picture of a kitten than by the most faithful descrip tion, 1 the picture in turn becomes a feeble object of interest by the side of a real, live kitten, brim full of frolic. S<> it seems to us that these World's Exhi bitions, in which nations are running a friendly rivalry, are in reality only great schools for giving instruction to the nations in object lessons. Thus into one locality are drawn the fairest fruits of the best skill in every land, and instead of the necessity of crossing seas, fatiguing yourselves \Vith travel from place to place at large expense of time and money, it is so arranged now that almost by sitting or standing in one place, all these things that one most desires to see arc pro duced before him, not only in form but in substance. It is said that, "seeing is believ ing." We all know the truth of the saying. The sort of belief we carry away from a thorough inspection is a very different one from that we acquire from the lips of an in telligent and truthful witness. It may be the same in kind, but there is such a difference in degree that the latter seems no more than a shadow to the former. The great mass of those who will visit Philadelphia this season will go to learn ; to study in some favorite branch of mechanics or the greater field of general industry. Every one who goes away, having spent even an hour, will go away wiser, with some impressions that will con tinue to revolve in Lis mind and will awaken others. Mental force thus set free will work a revival of industry, and will materially aid a recovery from the present prostration. In a higher and truer sense than we apply the term seminary to institutions for planting and propagating the seeds of knowledge in the youthful mind, is the Philadelphia Exhibition a national seminary, and the daily concourse of visitors constitute the classes as they come up to study their lessons, and go away to re cite to their neighbors and apply their in crease of wisdom to life's duties. Without a consciousness of what we were really doing w'e have gone to object-teaching on a grand national scale. Private interest and patriot ism have been invoked to aid the undertak ing, but harmoniously with the pursuit of other ends, the greater and more importaut ends of general instruction under the most favorable circumstances, are still more surely being consummated. The knowledge here gained is of a practical sort and definite in its character. Old methods and machines will be discarded for the latest and most improved, and thus the fruits of industry will every where be increased. The old Greeks once in four years assembled from all their cities and scattered colonies to contend in their famed Olympic games. It was a bond of union and a school of personal valor and artistic skill. The modern world shows its superiority over the best of the ancients, in opening these competitive arenas to all the nations of the world, and bestowing its crowns upon those whose skill has ministered most effectually to the welfare of the race. Charitable people in the States are raising funds to relieve the suffering and distress in the Black Hills. lAOIXMS EYDOKRF.I). The Independent, two or three days ago, contained an article strongly endorsing Major Maginnis for Congress at the next election in Montana. True, it did not do so in exact terms, or byname, but in substance so plainly that no one could be deceived. The would-be Democratic organ sets forth the qualifications necessary to fill the bill in its prospective can didate for Congress. The friends of Magin nis see very clearly that the Indpendent means that gentleman. Barret says that the next candidate must be a man who can get ap propriations beneficial to this Territory. Ma ginnis, it is generally admitted, has done this already. The Congressman must get Mili tary posts established for the protection of the people of this Territory. Maginnis has done that very thing, or influenced the same, by his persevering efforts in securing the es tablishment of a post in Missoula, and in se curing the recommendations of high mili tary authority for the erection of at least two regimental posts in Eastern Montana. To sum up in a nut-shell: Maginnis has been vigilant and energetic in urging the passage of all measures calculated to benefit the peo ple of this Territory. The appropriation for the ssay office in Helena ; the establishment of the Bozeman land office ; the annulment of the Granger Military contract by the Sec retary of War, by which the farmers of Gal latin county were relieved from an oppress ive burden and about $35,000 ordered paid then on the grain they had delivered ; the passage of the bill authorizing the payment of claims to the people of Montana on vouchers issued by different Secretaries of the Territory, and suspended almost indefi nitely, were mostly due to Maginnis. And this is what the Independent evidently meant in the article referred to, which was a sur prise to the friends of our Congressman and will be a stunner to the legion of aspirants among the Democrats in Montana who wish to succeed him. This is more surprising from the fact that it has, all along, been under stood that the Independent would oppose Maginnis for the third term, and that Sam. Word,, of Madison, or Napton, of Deer Lodge, was its favorite for Congress. The last named gentlemen may now hang their harps on the willows, for Barret has decreed that Maginnis shall be the Democratic can didate for the third time. This is not our fight or funeral, but we deemed it due the public to unravel the thin gauze that covered the political leader of the Independent. The next Delegate to Congress from Montana will be a Kepublican—a Dele gate who can get appropriations for forts, river improvements and every thing else nec essary to the advancement of the best inter ests of the people. The Independent has been fierce in its opposition to the "third term," and its sudden change from strong op position to equally strong support of Magin nis for the nomination for a third term in Congress will astonish the Bourbons all over the Territory. It clashes with well-founded calculations. It is a betrayal of confidence, if not of solemn promises. What, now, will become of its Sams, its Langhornes, its Words, its Naptons, its Mitchells, its Muyhews, and others too small if not too numerous to men tion ? BELKHAF^ iMPEAt'HMEA'l. The first step in this case has been so long in reaching an end, that the public attention had become tired of waiting and turned to other matters. The long contest in the Sen ate over the question of jurisdiction was gen erally interpreted as settling it adversely to the claim of the House. It seems that most everybody had been de ceived in the matter. The vote sustaining jurisdiction was quite decisive—37 to 29. Yet the negative vote constitutes more than a third of the full Senate and leaves it very doubtful whether a conviction can be secured at the end of the trial, for these 29 who voted that the Senate had no jurisdiction will hardly be convinced of this fact by any evidence of guilt on the main charges, and may be expected to vote not guilty. The session of Congress is of consequence to be much prolonged, and the visitors from abroad to our Centennial Fair are to be treated to an exhibition not on the programme, and not particularly creditable to our national character. We must be satisfied, however, to show the evil as well as the good, our weakness as well as our strength. It is a land of free speech and we cannot enjoy the full blessing except with the accompanying evils of much slander and falsehood. The wheat and the tares must grow together. Two members of the staff of Gen. Jack son, who were present at the battle of New Orleans, now reside at Carrolton, Ky. They are Major Thomas Butler, 87 years old, and Gen. Wm. O. Butler, 93 years old. Donn Piatt's Capitol says that Fitzhugh, the fool, just expelled from the office of Doorkeeper of the House, is a grandson of of Patrick Henry. More's the pity, for " What can ennoble fools, or sots, or cowards, Alas! not all the blood of all the Howards.'' Rejoicing. Washington, May 29.—Conkling's friends are secretly rejoicing over the latest charge against Blaine. They think Blaine cannot possibly explain and get a fair report from the committee before the Cincinnati Conven tion meets. They admit, though, that these continuous attacks are making him friends in the Republican party. C HEAP TRANSPORTATION. If there is any one answer to the question: "What is our greatest present want as a Ter ritory?" it is undoubtedly, cheap transporta tion. There is scarcely anything that we do not want; but there is a great diversity of opinion as to what is wanted first and most. Some think we want population most; but if this were true there would not be so many leaving our Territory, so many comparatively unemployed and so many more revolving the question of departure. It would seem that our vacant lands would give a field of em ployment to all the surplus population of the world ; but where would be the market for what they would raise ? So, too, our mines, if opened, would give labor to hundreds of thousands, but here is again the same trouble as in over production by the farmer. There are no mills to reduce the ores at home and no sufficient means of transportation to mar kets where they can be worked cheaply and advantageously. Some think that capital is what we want most; that this would deliver us from all our troubles. Those who think this, contemplate capital invested in mines, and more especial ly in the working of mines. But the lack of trausportation not only prevents capital from coming, but after it has made a beginning, and discovers the disadvantages under which it is forced to work, it soon slackens up and concludes to wait more favorable circumstan ces. We have single mines that under fav orable circumstances would give steady em ployment to more miners than are now in the Territory. There is a certain selfishness and independence about capital that limit its in vestment to ready markets and sure, large profits. What little capital has ever been brought into our Territory and invested in mines, has not been with any intention of early development. The prices paid in every instance have been so small that the purchas ers are content to Avait for years. This con sideration has entered into every sale and purchase, and will continue to do so as long as we arc so isolated from any market. We have beard some mention made of manufactures as though that were the one great thing needed. We surely would be better off with manufactures, if these could be introduced and worked at present to any profit. But we can't see anything to encour age persons to invest in this direction. All the capital that can be created or induced to come to Montana for some years will be apt to find more attractive investments. When our mines are giving steady employment to thousands of miners, then will come a good home market for our farmers, then will be the time for manufactures to syring up. As all home industries depend upon our mines, and it has been found by experiment that our ores cannot at present be woried to advan tage at home or shipped aw'ay «xcept at ruin ous rates and delays, the wboe argument of our material situation and relations seems to us conclusively to prove this ene result, that we must have cheap and quickand easy trans portation before any considerable prosper ity is possible in any branch oE industry. The raising of cattle, horses and sheep is in some sense more independent than most other occupations and industries. Stock can be raised at a trifle of cost and can, in a mea sure, furnish its own transportation to mar ket. So long and so far as these interests de pend upon home market, thgr, too, with ev erything else, will languish. If this sub ject strikesothers with the force that it comes home to us, in whatever direc tion we turn for help, there would be an im mediate and unanimous uprising of our people to build a railroad to the nearest point of connection. Ranchmen and mine owners and townspeople, and even stock owners, have an equal interest in the accomplishment of this end. We would all of us the more speedily accomplish our particular object in coming to or staying in Montana, by laying it aside for a time till we had a railroad. To the people of Helena and vicinity, the easiest outlet is towards Benton. By this route ores could be shipped as quickly and more cheap ly to any eastern market than by any other pos sible connection, through a large portion of the year. True, it would be of little use after navigation closed for the season, but with a narrow-guage road to Corinne we doubt if it could be made to pay expenses of keeping it open through the winter. The road to Ben ton can be built without foreign capital or in volving ourselves in hopeless debt. When we have graded the road we can mortgage the road-bed for rails and rolling stock. If we let the season pass without breaking ground iu this enterprise, we are either not in earnest in our desires for deliverance or igno rant of our own ability. The Independent has not yet learned that this is the Centennial year, and that the pat riotic citizens of Lewis and Clarke propose to properly celebrate the anniversary of the nation's independence. Going; for Crooked Distillers. St. Louis, May 29 .— Information from In ternal Revenue Supervisor Meyer, who is hunting up illicit stills in Bollinger county, is to the effect that there are crooked stills on nearly every creek in the county, and several secreted in out of the way places in the woods Considerable resistance has been offered to the Government force when arrests arc at tempted. In the United States District Court to-day civil suits against distillers' bonds were pros ecuted and judgments entered in favor of the Government against Alfred Bernis for $70,000, and Louis Teuscher for $150,000. District Attorney Dyer will move for sen tence against several minor members of the whiskey ring the latter part of the week. is is EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. St. Louis, May 26, 1876. Reluctantly I leave tLe "Future Great City of the World," after a brief bui pleasant visit rendered all the more agreeable by the num erous friends and acquaintances met here, whose business worth and rare social quali ties, in several cases, I learned to appreciate when they w T ere numbered among our own Montana people. Of these I find and partic ularly single out Mr. Benj. Stickney. jr., now associated with the veteran hotel-keeper, William Kelsey, in the proprietorship of the Planters' House, where for the past few days I have been cordially welcomed and comfort ably cared for. The house has recently un dergone complete renovation and refitting, and is one of the pleasantest first-class hotels in the city. The preference shown by the traveling public for its superior entertainment is shown by the largest daily register of transient gue9ts of any public house in St. Louis. Mr. Stickuey makes a first-class hotel man, and his many Montana friends will be very glad to hear tbat he is abundant ly prospered. OTnEE FORMER MONT AN1 ANS in business here have been met with, and a "square shake" submitted to with the cordi ality and heartiness of former days. Among these are mentioned Geo. A. Baker, in the banking business; James R. Caldwell and Chas. H. Ingram, option brokers on 'Change; Cbas. F. Ellis, with the Plant Flour Manu facturing Co., and Judge T. C. Jones, en gaged in the practice of law. Moses Moore, who was here a few days since, is located at Joplin, in Southwest Missouri, where he has engaged in lead mining. Leslie Wood is in the merchant tailoring business, and is doing well. OUlt MERCHANTS are but thinly represented ia St. Louis just now. The junior Air. Kleinschmidt, of Kleinschmidt Bros., I. G. Baker, Tom. C. Power, and II. Inkamp are of the number. Mr. Power, accompanied by bis wife, arrived but recently from the celebrated Hot Springs of Arkansas, where bis health by a course of treatment has been benefitted. Mr. Baker lias a number of large Canadian Government contracts to fill this year as heretofore. Among them is one to furnish 300 head of beef cattle, for delivery at Kewetan, 450 miles north of Benton. A MINING EXPERT. Mr. Hugo Koch, arrived at New York ten days since, and started immediately for the mining Territories and States of the West. He represents the Prussian Government, and is sent out to inspect and report upon the sil ver mining interests of America. He will soon be in Montana, our Territory being one of the first he will visit. Mr. Koch is the Prussian Superintendent of silvér mining in the Hartz mountains, and an expert in w hom his Government reposes the utmost confi dence. Let our mining people see to it that he has a fair chance for obtaining the infor mation he seeks, as in that event his report may do our country an immense amount of good. MANUFACTURING. I have devoted a share of the brief time at my disposal in visiting some of the many factories, machine shops, founderies, etc., to be found in St. Louis. Among these, I have specially to mention the Belcher Sugar Refin ery, and the Excelsior Manufacturing Com pany's works. For privileges granted me in this direction I am indebted to Mr. Cabot and Mr. Bell, and of the great institutions they in part represent I hope at an early period to fully speak. TRADE in St. Louis, as elsewhere, has been languid, but future prospects promise something bet ter. Several of the houses here have sold quite largely to Montana, and more goods are being put up and shipped for later delivery. Goodwin, Behr & Co. are keeping all their old customers and yearly adding new ones to their list. Their articles are standard in Montana, and retain an unshaken popular ity. They are making a specialty of the "Stearic Acid Candles," now taking the place of all other brands in the estimation of min ers. In white leads, zLc paints, varnishes, colors, linseed oil, etc., Barstow & Whitelaw hold supreme sway, not only so far as the demand in our direction extends, but locally and throughout the States ot the Southwest. Their goods are eagerly sought after for the reason that their superior merit has been generally established, and because their job bing prices have led other dealers in the market. POLITICS. I ba\ T e no time to revert to the Presidential outlook, as it appears up to to-day. The tel egraph has doubtless told you the news of the Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota and Nebraska Republican conventions. As pre dicted in other letters, Blaine grandly leads the column, and the masses are marching proudly after. I hope from Cincinnati to soon announce to the Herald readers the final triumph of the man who, above and beyond all others, is the candidate of the people for our Centennial President. R. E. F. The Republican State Convention of Iowa, held on the 31st ult., passed a resolution in structing the delegates to vote as a unit. Tally 22 more for Blaine._ Death of Ex-Commissioner Burdett. New York, May 31.—The body of a man found yesterday in the creek, at North Ber gen, New Jersey, was to-day identified as tbat of S. F. Burdett, of Washington, ex-commissioner of the Land Office. The deceased was at the Astor House, on the 13th and at that time had in his possession several thousand dollars, and some valuable jewelry. TTRlilSH REVOLUTION. Eastern dispatches announce the abdication of Abdul-A9siz, Sultan of Turkey, aud the elevation of Murad-Effendi in bis place. An attempt is made to have it appear as a volun tary thing, but beyond question it was any thing else than a voluntary retirement. For eign pressure and domestic violence both conspired to produce the result. It is intim ated that the change w as produced by Rus sian influence, and again it is very clearly shown that a domestic revolt, instigated by the Softas, religious fanatics as they are usu ally called, precipitated the issue. Whether the deposed Sultan has been strangled accord ing to custom is yet in doubt. They seem to be using his name to inform foreign nations that the change is made with his concur rence. The deposed Sultan has occupied the throne since the death of his brother Abdul-Mejid, in June, 1861. It has been an uneasy seat, or would be to a man of any spirit. Though nominally possessed of absolute and despotic powers, everyone knows tbat the Sultan of Turkey is but a slave, poAverless as to foreign countries, with subjects, like the Pasha of Egypt, more free, rich and powerful than himself, aud without any real control over his own Christian subjects. The Danubian Principalities and Servia owe ouly a slight formal allegiance, and other provinces like Herzegovina are struggling to acquire the same powers of self-government. It would seem as if any one would be glad to escape such humiliating thraldom and vexation, against which they were powerless to offer resistance. The deposed Emperor, seems to have given up long ago trying to do anything for his relief. Notwithstanding the exhaus tion of the treasury, the complete loss of credit and national bankruptcy, the Emperor Avas continually squandering millions of dol lars in building new palaces, and indulging iu all manner of extravagance and luxury, as though there was no end of his wealth. There will be no tears shed over the fall of the one and very little rejoicing over the ex altation of the new Emperor. Neither Sala din nor Mahomet, if they were to rise with their old vigor, could infuse any life into the national corpse. Civilization has produced engines of war Avith Avhich they cannot con tend and to Avhich they cannot accustom themselves. The valor which they brought from the highlands of Asia bus faded aAvay under the combined influences of sloth and luxury. This change of Emperors may delay the final catastrophe for the present season, but there is no possibility of changing the result. If all the revolutionary provinces are granted the right of self-government and additional guarantees for protection of the lives of Christian subjects, probably a little longer lease of life will be given. The new Emper or probably accepts power on condition of making these concessions. PRAIRIE FIRES. There is no mistaking the sentiment of the West for a Presidential candidate. The un animity and enthusiasm with Avhich all of the prairie States have pronounced for Blaine, show that bis name is linked in their minds with victory, with all the glories of past achievement and all their hopes of still great er ones. Very different from what was cal culated have these persistent accusations against Blaine turned out. So promptly has he met every charge that the answer almost ahvays attended the first announcement of some new slander. If there is one thing more than another that suits the American people, it i 3 pluck. They like, with no ordi nary enthusiasm, a man who has unbounded faith in himself, who does not stop to count his foes, who rises to the level of every emer gency and with ease and grace parries e 7 ery thrust and then has always strength in re serve to deal a return stroke that seldom needs a second. All the western enthusiasm that blazed forth so brightly and steadily for Lincoln and then for Grant seems to have concentrated itself on Blaine, and point him out as the coming man, with no Great or Lit tle Unknown likely to step between him and the first place. There is another thing that is as easily discernible in these western conven tions. However the Independent press and speakers may deprecate the opening of old sores and the reviving of dead issues, the conduct of the present House of Representa tives in its undisguised favoritism for every thing "Confederate," and the discharge of every Union soldier from any position un der its control has roused the old flame to a white heat. Should patriots who fought to save their country be forced to hold their toDgues, Avliile those who did their utmost to ruin their country Avith themselves, are boast ful of their shame and become defiant through popular suffrage ? 1 To the common mind it seems more appro priate for those to keep still w ho have done something of which they ought to be ashamed. In one Aveek from to-da} r the Cincinnati Con A ention meets, and with every day it becomes more certain that Blaine will be the nominee. Of all the candidates named on either side, he knows most about Montana, and will be read iest to listen to our wants and aid us so far as lies in his power . Commenting upon the conference speech of young Mr. Adams, of the Adams family, the New York Times pertinently says: "When such a man talks about supporting, under certain circumstances, Governor Til den as a candidate for the Presidency, we are forced to conclude that the degradation of our politics is due as much to carelessness or gullibility of people of character and intel ligence as to the natural depravity of the pro fessional politician."