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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
A. SU . X x-**i Editor. T21» 55NÜAV, Jt.\K S, 187«. KDITOKi \L ( «KRïSl»0»üEXC»:. < lifca^o ImiirovoniPiitN. I'ublie. Ru*i iicsN. uimI I*ri\al«?. Eilinois I'oiitie*—Garden <'i iy Trade— A(ti:iMcnien(N, iilc. Chicago, May 21, 1870. With some business matters calling me in this direction, I excused myself from further attendance upon the earlier days of the Great Exposition, and a week since journeyed to the Lake City. Mr. George B. Bonnell, of Philadelphia railway and transportation note, whose acquaintance was formed years ago 1 on the occasion of his visit to Mon tana, learned my intentions, and supplied me with the customary press traveling inden tures. Boarding the Limited Fast Mail Train, which leaves Philadelphia at 7:20 o'clock a. m., I was put down in Chicago at !*;2d the following morning—a distance ot nearly 000 miles compassed in 20 hours. Pi was one of the most exh derating, exciting railroad rides i ever experienced or expect to I .peiie.ucc again, due scenery along the route of the Pennsylvania II lilroad, and es p- cially of the middle or mountain division, is unexampled in grandeur by any other route between Chicago and the Seaboard. J hough speeding along at the rate of 40 miles an hour, the traveler, seated in the lux urious. chair ot a Pullman parlor car, sees quite set is factor ily the magnificent pano rama of nature's wonders and beauties as they flit backward, succeeded by other won ders and beauties iu ever-changing variety arid attraction. Two stops only are made over the entire length of the Pennsylvania road—at Harrisburgli and Altoona. At the latter place twenty minutes are allowed for dinner. The train takes long sweeps over the interminable iron rails, curving with the sin uosity of mountain profile and river course, and held within the grip of the soli dest and safest road-bed constructed in the United States. The iron horse stops not to drink on the way, slaking his thirst while not slacking his speed from the long water reser voirs sunk in the roadway ft. intervals of forty miles or more. When Montana people, visiting the States, desire a fast ride and de lightful journey, they must seek the Limited Mail train and travel by the Pennsylvania route. CHICAGO. Notable improvements are discernable in all parts of the .city. Two years' absence makes them appear to the visitor more than ordinarily marked. Magnificent and costly business edifices have been numerously added to the countless other pretentious structures which so soon after rose out of the ruins of the Great Fire. The better resident por tions of the city have been largely added to, with more of beauty and comfort, if not of luxury, than before. On the site of the old Court House a large force of laborers are employed in pile-driving and laying the foundations deep and enduring for the im mense and imposing public buildings for the joint use of the county and city. Work on the Custom House and Post Office is being vigorously prosecuted, and when completed, several years hence, will be one of the larg est and grandest of the Government struc tures outside of Washington. In number, or at least iu magnitude and splendor, the hotels of Chicago outrival those of New York. Conspicuous for its dimensions, beauty of architecture, completeness of appointments, and rare excellence of management, is the Grand Pacific. John C. Drake, formerly and for many years host of the old Tremont, Sam. Turner, widely known and long associated, with Mr. Drake, and Mr. Gaskill, formerly of the old Sherman House, are the proprietors. The house has a gratifyingly large run of custom, which the fame and popularity of its managers and the polite attention and su perior entertainment fairly and justly warrant. POLITICS. During the past week the Republicans of the city and county have been busily con cerned in primary meetings and conventions. It all ended yesterday in the choosing of eighty delegates to the State Convention, w hich assembles at Springfield on the 24th inst. The Presidential question was largely lost sight of iu the contest for ascendancy as between the friends of Beveridge and Cul lom, aspirants .'or the Governorship. The same is true of local meetings and conven tions in other parts of the State, where those seeking a place upon the State ticket or wanting to go to Congress, overshadowed for the nonce the distiugushed men whose names are in the mouths of most people for the Presidency. In county conventions outside expressions of Presidential preference have not, in many cases, been withheld, and in such cases Blaine notably leads the list. In Chicago the Treasury iufiuence is a power, but while of the eighty city delegates who repair this week to the State Convention, a good proportion, if not a majority, are claimed for Bristow, their departure unin structed is accepted by others as really indi cating another choice. I believe the Illinois Republicans will send to the National Con vention a decided majority of delegates whose first choice for President will be James G. Blaine. TRADE. Chicago jobbers have hail a fair season's trade, and consequently have not the com plaints to utter heard from those of New York. There are houses here which vie in magnitude with those of the seaboard cities, with competitive advantages yearly controll ing more and more the mercantile lists of the Western States and Territories. During the few leisure Lours at my disposal I have vis ited a few r of these great firms, among them Sprague, Warner & Co., grocers; Field, Leiter & Co., dry goods; Kimbark, heavy hardware, etc. Sprague, Warner & Co., stand at the head of trade in their line in Chicago, their annual business amounting up into the millions. They reach out to the distant Ter ritories, and number among their customers many of the merchants of Colorado, Wy oming" Utah, Montana and Idaho. The mem bers of this house showed me numerous courtesies for which I desire to express my acknowledgements and gratitude. Messrs. Field, Leiter & Co., are the Stewarts of the West, occupj ing in their wholesale and re tail departments two of the most spacious business edifices in Chicago. Their annual sales approximate in amount very nearly that of their great New York rival, and in a few years promise really to attain and hold the lead. The house of H. D. Kimbark is a representative one in heavy hardware, lead ing the van in his line of trade. Like other Chicago jobbers he sells goods to Montaui ans, and desires, like the rest, to extend rather than curtail sales in our direction. AMUSEMENTS, GAMES. Maggie Mitchell is the only notable star at present iu the city, and McYicker's is nightly thronged by her admirers. Base ball games retain their adherents, and thousands assemble to witness the recurring contests of rival clubs. The " Browns," of St. Louis, have just triumphed over the Whites," of Chicago, and the journals here are explaining by the column how it happened. A walking match at the Exposition build ing was in progress last week, terminating at 12 o'clock Saturday night. A half dozen or more "walkists," ambitious for the fame of a Weston or an O'Leary put their legs to the test. Guyonled in the score, making up wards of 400 miles during the week, and w inning the first prize, $1,000. Russell w 7 as second in the race, and w r as awarded the $500 purse. I travel down to St. Louis, from which point the Herald may hear from me before turning back East. R. E. F. A COOL PROPOSITION. The Central Pacific R. R. is expensively investing its ingenuity in order to settle with the Government for its loan of construction bonds in some other way than by paying them up, or providing a sinking fund to re deem them when due. It succeeded through the courts in escaping payment of interest on the bonds until the principal falls due, meantime leaving the people of the country to pay this interest, while the operators of the road pocket the earnings. One proposition has already been made and duly considered. Having sold all of the land grant that was marketable, the R. R. Company kindly pro poses to Government to take back the un salable balance and give them credit on the bond debt at the rate of $2,50 per acre. This having been declined and a demand renewed for beginning at once to provide for the pay ment of the bonds, the President of the Com pany suggests that times have materially changed since the road w T as built ; that there has been a great shrinkage of values ; that the road is not worth now what it cost to build, and that it is hardly fair to ask a full repayment of all the borrowed money. It is on the same principle of a man borrowing money to engage in business or some specu lation, which eventuating in loss, the bor rower asks the lender to share the loss with him. If there has been a shrinkage in rail road values since the Central Pacific was built, there has been no shrinkage in the amount that the Government loaned ; rather an unwelcome expansion by the addition of several years' unpaid interest. The Company seem to think nothing of the vast land grant that was a gift outright from the Government over and beyond the use of its bonds now in question. It is well known that the Company put into this road very little, if anything, of their own money ; Government bonds and lands furnished all the capital and now the Company want to own the road, retain all the savings and escape, if possible, payment of any part of the bonded debt. It is alto gether too much to ask of a generous and ill-used benefactor. It was base ingratitude, if not dishonesty, to evade the payment of interest on bonds issued for the sole benefit of the Company, and the great public that pays the taxes, fail to see how they are benefilted or favored by this road any more than any other which w*as not built by Government subsidies. It strikes us that it will prove a difficult tusk to satisfy those representing the nation's interest, that the Company deserves any further leniency or are entitled to any further time lor excuses or delay in putting up the earnings of the road to secure its in debtedness. _ Any more charges against Mr. Blaine? The livelier they are the greater the number of Blaine delegates—which is curious. Alabama Republican ion Tent ion* Montgomery, May 25.—' The Republican Convention to-day nominated James Clark for Governor, and a full State ticket. The delegates selected for Cincinnati were unin structed. A resolution was passed authoriz ing the Executive Committees of the two wings to unite on a common State and elec toral ticket. TIIL PROSPECTS AT CINCINNATI. In one week from next Wednesday there will assemble at Cincinnati a convention that iu all human probability will designate the man, who, in November next the people will elect President of the United States. Most, if not all of the States, have already chosen their delegates. To some extent the dele gates have been instructed for whom to vote, iu others a preference has been expressed without going to the extent of instructing, while in a few instances neither instructions have been given nor preferences expressed. States like New' York, Pennsylvania and Ohio have expressed preferences for a son of their own, but there seems to be only three that have any support worth mentioning outside of their own State ; these are Blaine, Bris tow and Morton. Of these, Morton's strength lies mostly in the Southern States, where his special and vigorous championship of the rights of the blacks have naturally attached them to his support. But it is not expected that many of these States will be able to give any electoral votes to a Republican President, hence they have not a strength proportionate to their numbers in the convention. Again, we doubt whether it is the temper of the mass of the Republican party to favor the resort to armed intervention in support of the negroe s rights to any great extent. There has come to be a feeling that however much this intervention may be justified by the cir cumstances, it operates, on the whole, disad vantageous^ to the blacks. The people this year are in the humor to work away from the most bitter and irritating subjects and methods of treatment, and this feeling will operate against Morton, while none of those who support Morton will hesitate to support Blaine just as heartily. The canvass of the press and conventions has already virtually nar rowed the contest down to a choice between Blaine and Bristow. The vigor and persist ency w ith which these two individuals have been investigated by the Democrats, show better than words direct could tell, that these tw'o are regarded as the most formidable op ponents. Of these two, though it is not at all improbable that both may be on the ticket, only one can be at the head of it, and so far as w'e can estimate known strength and evi dent tendencies, this one will be James G. Blaine. It is conceded that he has the most delegates declared and determined in his favor, and of all who cast their first vote for Blaine, every one will stand by him through all succeeding votes. Many of his friends are so enthusiastic as to believe that he w ill be chosen on the first ballot; we do not. The three largest States will, as a matter of form, cast their full vote for their favorite son, and there is likely to be no majority for any one. But we believe on the second bal lot, Pennsylvania, which regards Blaine al most as much its own son as Hartranft, will go nearly solid for Blaine, while he will surely get part of the votes of New York and Ohio, w T ith a good many from the South that will be cast first for Morton. With these accessions, which seem to us certain, Blaine's nomination on the second, or at furthest, the third ballot, seems an assured fact. What we regard as among the strongest evidences of the growing strength of Blaine, is the hearty and almost unanimous endorsements that he receives from the leading Western States, such as Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Michigan, etc. And we may well believe that when there remains no chance for Morton and Hayes, Indiana and Ohio will be equally as decided in the same direction. There is no mistaking that Blaine's strength has grown every day since the canvass opened. From every investigation instigated by rival or foe, Blaine has emerged stronger and brighter. The frequency and malignity of these charges have aroused the sympathy of a large mass of people, w'ho in the beginning had no special preferences. It is beginning to be appreciated at somewhere near its true worth, that a man who has been so actively and prominently engaged in national affairs, while so many questionable schemes of pub lic plunder have been organized about him, in which so many of first rank in fame and abilities have been entangled, and through the midst of it all has passed and emerged unscathed, must be proof against corruption. Here is character tried by the severest tests which can be applied in modern society, and the malignity of his foes cannot discover a spot that has borne a stain. Some of the over-zealous reformers intimate that he hàs been too long in public life, and is to some degree tainted by his familiarity with party tactics. Here is where such men make their grand error. Blaine has necessarily seen much that he has not approved or he would have shared in it, but for this he would not leave the party with whose success he be lieved the interests of his country inseparably connected. Other men have taken offense and left the party, and by their neglect ren dered it possible to elect such a House of Representatives as is now in session at Wash ington. This kind of reformers need re forming themselves. We approve most of their aims and mean to stay inside the Re publican lines to work for them. And we know of no more tried, true, brave, and able leader, than James G. Blaine, in whose hands to entrust the execution of practical reforms and restore ability, integrity and effi ciency to the entire Civil Service. Piper Pay» the Penalty. Boston, May 26.—Thomas W. Piper was executed this morning for the murder of the child Mabel Young, in the tower of the War ren Avenue Baptist Church, on the 23rd of May, 1875. The body fell a distance of eight feet, and after spinning around violently for a few seconds, remained perfectly motionless. Death was instantaneous. THE COLOR LINE. The upper Main street luminary has fallen foul of a happy thought that will cover with oil the troubled waters of Southern polities. It may not be original, but it certainly does credit to the latest discoverer, and we sug gest that an extra edition of the Independent be struck off and sent South. It is not from the pure love of killing negroes, but merely to teach them the necessity of voting the Democratic ticket that these occasional butcheries occur ; to snow the poor benighted blacks how superior the whites are for filling the offices. We would certainly very much desire to see this color line rubbed out, aud have advo cated the withdrawal of troops in the hope that the Southerners themselves would see their own interest clearly enough to use hu mane and honorable means to gain over the confidence of a portion of the blacks. It is not impossible or difficult to do this without shoot ing, killing and threatening. It needs kind ness and fair treatment, and until the South ern Democrats are willing to adopt such means, we see no hope of this war of races ending. We do not believe that the whites will ever convince the negroes or any body else of their superiority by these fiendish butcheries, so often reported. It looks to us very much as though the old masters were insisting on their former rights of ownership, and refused to recognize the change of rela tion. So far as our observation can pene trate to the truth, through all misrepresenta tion, we believe the blacks of the South de serve the highest commendation for their general industry, quietness and disposition to improve mentally, morally and physically. If their old masters would only treat them fairly and win their confidence by proving themselves friendly, and show their superi ority by the exercise of other traits than vio lence and fraud, there would never be any more of these massacres that put to shame and arouse the indignation of the whole coun try. We desire to see the color lines obliter ated, but not by butchery and threats. On those who claim superior intelligence rests the greater responsibility. THE FICKLE WORLD. We live in a changing world, but it is not of this that we propose to speak, but of a newspaper of that name, which a few years since was started as a religious daily, and soon after fell away to the other extreme of modern Democracy. Till very recently the World has been edited by Manton Marble, a man of ability, who has sought to make it the party organ of the nation. It is fair to say that for a Democratic paper, it has had a higher, and steadierjcharacter |than there was any reason to have expected. Under Mar ble's management, it has consistently and heartily sustained the war under Tilden against the Tweed and Canal rings. It has been regarded as the special champion of Tilden's claims for the Presidential nomi nation. The strangest part of all is that when it seemed to outsiders that everything had been made harmonious and unanimous in New York; that its great vote was solid for Tilden, and every element of opposition had been forced into retirement ; at this particu lar juncture, the World changes hands; Hurlburt steps into Marble's place, Tilden's advocacy is changed to opposition and every thing is reversed in policy. If we were influenced by motives no higher than mere party success, we should rejoice at the change. We believe to-day that Til den is by far the strongest possible Demo cratic candidate. His strength is positive, of the growing, aggressive kind. It is strong, too, at the particular points where strength is required. No Democrat but him could carry New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Cali fornia, and Oregon. Perhaps Ihe could Dot, but he has sufficient strength to make the contest doubtful in those Northern States. It would require cur strongest man and a hard fight lo save any part of the states named against him. But so long as the Democratic party forms so large a part of our body politic, we are infinitely more concerned to see it led by higher principles to some sound and steady policy, than to see it demoralized that it might be more easily beaten. It looks to us that this change in the World was not more a desertion of Tilden than an abandonment of all the reforming movements in which he has been engaged. It looks as if Tammany and the Canal thieves had re turned to power. The approach of the Pres idential election and the n ecessity for cam paign funds, has probably brought around the opportunity to the thieves to dictate the terms upon which they will steal for the party. They do not propose to turn in and work for a party that will exclude them from positions adapted to their trade. We doubt whether any party could carry New York City on any direct issue of reform. Tilden is not popular in the city, but through the rest of the State, and through the country where a larger proportion of honest people live ; we think he would gain for the party a hun dred times as much as he would lose in the city. ___ The Charges Against Kerr. Washington, May 27. —The committee on the War Department this afternoon, ex amined in secret A. P. Green in relation to the charges against Speaker Kerr. He merely confirmed the statement already published, that he expressed to Lawrence Harney his desire to obtain a commission in the army and that Harney said it would cost money to arrange an interview wth Kerr, though whose influence the commission was obtained. Green also testified that he paid Harney $600 for his services, but beyond this he knew nothing. THE MOST PRESSING WANT. It may not be a subject of greater general importance than civil service reform, but it is beyond all question the most pressing want of the country, that we should have a settled financial policy for the country. The uncer tainty that clouds this question creates much of the stagnation of business so universal. When business, prices and values become settled to the gold standard, and a readjust ment has taken place on this basis, we can expect to see a revival of business and not before. In some things prices are clear down to the scale as it stood before the war ; in others, there has been only a partial return. It is only natural that there should be a re luctance to accept the situation. Those who wofk for wages fight against reductions and by means of trades unions and strikes en deavor to force employers to their owntermss. On the other hand, manufacturers find a dull market at declining prices, and are forced to reduce prices or close their works. So long as there is a possibility that the inflation that attends a paper currency may continue there will be no universal reduction of prices to any common standard. Hard as it may seem to the laborer to con sent to bis reduced wages, the hardship will disappear when everything else for which he expends his earnings is reduced to the same extent, as must surely attend the full return to the gold basis. We do not believe in deceiving or being deceived, and it is impossible to deny that it is going to be a long time before we see the prosperous days that existed before the war. That war consumed au enormous amount of wealth. It has not been restored. Only one fourth of onr national debt has been actually paid by the heavy taxation of the last ten years. Borrowing of one to pay another does not remove a debt. Rates of interest may be reduced ; the population and general wealth of the country may be so increased that rel atively the debt may appear to grow less, but there is no way of evading the frank con fession that for many years to come every man, woman and child in the country is go ing to he burdened in paying this debt. To repudiate it will be even more costly than to pay it. Some part of every man's daily wages, some fraction of the price of every article, bought or sold, will represent the cost of war, and there is no way of escape. We cannot throw this burden wholly upon a future generation, if we would. The interest alone if we pay no portion of the principal, will be a continual dead weight upon the industry of the country, to the extent of one hundred millions of dollars. An increase of individual energy, greater economy in private and public affairs may relieve this burden in a measure, but only full payment, can ex tinguish and remove it. All the financial schemes proposed to divert attention are but illusions that ought not to deceive children. Only when we are back on the same ground of hard money where w T e started, can we ful ly realize the extent of our losses, and then, too, we will attribute them to the proper causes. When we have intelligence and honest manhood to accept the facts and ne cessities of our case, and have made gold and silver alone legal tender for all debts private and public, then the readjustment of prices which is now going on so slowly and unevenly, and working so much injustice and hardship, will be forced to a completion, and all classes and industries share the burden alike, which is the best that our situation admits. FROM Ullt TRAVELING AGENT. Fish Creek, May 31, 1S7G. Leaving Helena on the 20th, I pressed for ward without unnecessary delay to this point, stopping on Monday night with Mr. E. Lip pincott, w'ho has recently opened a house for the entertainment of the traveling public, just this side the Range, about three miles from Boulder City. Tuesday evening found me at Whitehall, enjoying the hospitality of Mr. E. G. Brooke, its popular and accommo dating landlord. The dairy of C. C. Winslow is two and a half miles from Whitehall. Mr. Winslow' is making about twenty-four pounds of cheese per day. One-half mile below Whitehall is the stock ranch of Hadley & Marsh, who have 120 head of horses and mares and 200 head of cattle. These gentle men have recently purchased the fine Nor man stallion "Black Davy," brought from Missouri by R. D. Wood, of Beaverhead, paying $700 for him. At the crossing of Pipestone is the blacksmith shop of J. A. Cosby, and here we found the following freighting outfits from Corinne, bound for Helena: Berryman & Rodgers, 18 wagons, loaded for Sands Bros. ; J. J. Smith, 6 wagons, loaded for Gans & Klein and I). Block <fc Co. ; Reece & Lewis, 9 \vagon=, loaded for Jake Feldberg, Gans A Klein and D. Block & Co. ; Charley Reeder, 3 wagons, loaded for J. R. Boyce & Co. and Sands Bros. ; Charley Fere, 3 wagons, loaded for Assay Office; Tom. Williams, 9 wagons, loaded for Vawter & Co. ; W. II. Emraer son, 1 wagon, loaded for Kleinsohinidt & Bro. and Pärchen & Co. These teams have been detained by the falling of the bridge crossing the Pipestone, for four days, and at this date are thirty-two days out from Cor inne. Two miles below the crossing is the stock ranch of J. J. Hall, who has a'large band of cattle aud horses. The people of this section are engaged exclusively in rais ing cattle and horses, aud making butter and cheese, finding their principal market in Helena and Deer Lodge. The county is weil adapted to this business, the lowlands pro ducing excellent hay, aud the uplands being covered with a thick growth of bunch grass, with pure water in abundance. Of Fish Creek and its surroundings I will speak in my next. J. W. A.