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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, June 22, 1876, Image 5

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Philadelphia, June 2d, 18<6.
T'i the Editor of the Herald.
The third week of the Exposition is gone.
Visitors arc beginning to settle down to the
true business of the exhibition, actual exam
ination of products. As my letter should
rt llect the people around me, 1 will follow
the crowd.
Before me, directly north of the Main
Building and behind a line of spelter statu
ary, is the low-domed Memorial Hall, facing
southward. In the center of the main front is
the entrance. There is a rise of thirteen steps,
standing for the original States. Their width
is 70 feet. Three colossal arched doorways
of equal dimensions, 40 feet high and 15 feet
wide, open into a hail. Between the arches
are clusters of columns terminating in em
blematic designs illustrative of science and
art. The doors are iron, relieved by bronze
panels, having the coats of arms of all the
States and Territories. In the center of the
main freize is the United States coats of arms.
The main cornice is surmounted by a balus
trade with caudleabrums. At either end ot
ibt; balustrade is an allegorical figure, one
r. • »resenting science and the other represent
j.j.r urt> The dome rises from the center of
t j. ( . structure, 150 feet high and of unique de
It terminates in a colossal bell, up
v. a rds from which the figure of Columbia
;i~rs w ill) protecting hands. At each cornel
n] the base of the dome stands a figure of
.-•at Hze, typifying the four quarters of the
j obe.
I >n each side of the main entrance is an ar
! .de intended to screen the long walls of the
•'allery. The arcade was a feature in the old
Koinan villas, but it is entirely novel here. It
consists ot live groined arches. Along the
Jo wer line of the arcade is a balustrade, aud
Bong the upper line another, which is orna
mented with vases. These balustrades, al
though designed ultimately for statues, now
enclose promenades looking outward over
the grounds and inward over open gardens
w inch extend back to the main wall of the
building. The cornices, the atticas, and the
( restings throughout the arcades are highly
These arcades connect with the center of
the building two pavilions, one to the light
:ii)d the other to the left of the main entrance.
Hu h pavilion displays a window some thirty
feet high, ornamented with tile work and
w reathes of oak and laurel. Thirteen stars
are in the frieze, and in each of its four cor
ners stands a great spread eagle.
So much for the front of the Hall. The
garden plats which face it, ornamented with
fountains and statuary, are 90 feet long and
:{(> feet deep. Not that I measured them, but
the catalogues say so.
Walking around the Hall, I get a view of
I he west side which displays the pavilion at
each end, and between these the wall of the
picture gallery relieved by five niches design
el for statues. The frieze is richly orna
mented. Above it, the central dome shows
to great advantage.
The rear or north front is of the same gen
eral character as the main front, but in place
of ilie arcade is a series of arched windows,
twelve in number, with an entrance in the
center. There are thus thirteen openings, in
an unbroken line extending the entire length
<'f the structure. Between the pavilions is a
a rand balcony, the promenade over which
■ ovi looks northward the whole panorama of
the grounds.
The east side of the building corresponds
c.\ .<• 1 1 y with the west side.
This is the most imposing and substantial
• I all the exhibition buildings. It was built
by IVnusylvunia and Philadelphia, and to
tin m belongs. After the Exposition, it will
la* made the receptacle of an industrial and
oit collection similar to the famous South
Kensington Euseum at Loudon. My descrip
ion of particulars will be made clearer by a
moment's reference to any one of the com
mon wood-cut engravings now alloat all over
the country.
As I enter from the south front, I pass
through a wide vestibule, decorated in the
modern Renaissance style. Three large door
ways lead from it into the central rotunda
whose ceiling is the underside of the great
dome. Both the rotunda and the vestibule
are devoted to the display of statuary. From
the center, two long galleries extend to the
right, each having temporary divisions for
the more advantageous display of paintings.
They are occupied by France and Germany.
They open into two smaller galleries, which
connect with the corner pavilion rooms,
forming two side galleries of more than two
hundred feet length. Immediately connect
ii _ the pavilions is the end gallery which
Spain occupies. Along the whole length of
the North side of the main galleries and ro
tunda extends a narrow corridor which opens
• ■n its north line into a series of private rooms,
thirteen in number, designed for studios aud
'mailer exhibition rooms. To the left of the
central rotunda extend two gallaries, as on
the right side, these being occupied by the
i mted States and Great Britain. The cor
ner pavilions and end gallery with which they
connect, are similar to those on the right
There is, <>f course much on exhibit that is
not worth its room. Many of the paintings
are brought forward entirely with a' view to
sale. Vet, iu the midst of so much medioc
rity, many fine pieces are scattered and good
artists represented. Paintings of this class
are familiar to most Americans from the en
gravings which have appeared in our art
journals. It may therefore be well for me
to note what is worth seeing in the different
departments. It should be remembered that
Memorial Hall contains less than half of the
art exhibits. Other large buildings have been
annexed as extensions of the art gallery; but
more ot them hereafter.
The Great Britain section is entirely ready
and interesting. Some famous names of the
past and many of the present are represented
In the former class I find, "Banquet Scene in
Macbeth," by Maclise, the success of which is
well known ; a portrait of Sir Joshua Rey
nolds, by himself ; two pictures by West,
"Christ Blessing Little Children," and "The
Death of Wolfe "The Murder of the Little
Princes," byNorthcote; "Dolbaden Castle,"
a characteristic picture by Turner ; the well
known portrait of Hannah Alorq, by John
Opie ; Sir Edwin Landseer's popular "Sick
Monkey." The choicest of the modern col
lection are : "Railway Station, by Frith, in
which a score of the different features of hu
man character are well depicted; two of John
Gilbert's minor pieces; Bolton's "God Speed;"
"Street Scene in London," a dismal picture
by Fildes ; Revere's clever "Circe and the
Companions of Ulysses," and the well-known
"Marriage of the Prince of Wales," the merit
of which is the skillful handling of so many
personages, figures, positions and dresses.
Some of these works and many others are
exhibited by Queen Victoria herself, taken
from her private collection. A. A. \Y.
Divide P. O., June 10th, 187G.
From Salisbury to Moose Creek is twenty
five miles, the road leading through Twin
Bridges. At this latter place since my last
visit I notice that W. M. Carter is preparing
to open a billiard saloon, and with this excep
tion the embryo city is moving along iu its
usual way. The road to Rochester passes
near the hay ranche of Thos. O'Conner, who
has some fine horses. Rochester is very quiet,
both of its mills being shut down, and most
of its denizens being absent prospecting.
Doc. Getcbell and James Ward are still on
the ground and confident as ever. Rochester
gulch aud bars, near its head, would pay well
if water could be brought on, but this appears
to be impossible. Several attempts have been
made to bottom the gulch below town, but
all have failed, the deepest point reached be
ing 45 feet. There is undoubtedly good pay
in this gulch, and some persevering aud en
terprising miner will strike it in time. On
Camp Creek, about eight miles from Roches
ter, is the valuable placer mine of C. L. Bow
man, who has worked it for the past five
years, and has goed diggings for the balance
of bis days.
Treanorville is the name given to the Me
tropolis of Moose Creek which is the camp
that is now* attracting the attention of placer
miners. Diggings were struck on the head
of this Creek in 1868, but this strike was
made last year, and from present appearances
it will be the best since Pioneer. The pay is
on the bars, and appears to lie in an old chan
nel that has been found in several places, and
is,always rich. Treanor & Co., in whose
ground was found the big nugget weighing
30 oz. 15 pwt., and which was sold for $662,
have fine prospects, cleaning up from oue
pit 10 feet long and 3 feet wide, $1,100, all
coarse gold, aud assayiug 987 line; John
Treanor, (iu whose honor the town was nam
ed) A. Marceau, D. McKeig aud Allen Hays
are the lucky men. Next below Treanor &
Co., Gleason & Co. have struck the streak,
aud next above Dickey & Thompson. Above
town Dickey, Dodge & Co. have started in
aud are running for the channel.
On Perry Gulch, where the discovery was
made last year, II. Churchill has just struck
the streak ; Richardson & Co. are also at
work here. Crump & Perry, the colored
boys from Helena, are doing even better than
last season. Benj Miller is at work here.
At the head ot Moose Creek McBride &
Co. are mining with good pay. II. Fournier
has the boarding house and saloon. Mr.
Fournier is erecting another building to ac
commodate his rapidly increasing business.
L. Strickland, of Deer Lodge Valley, fur
nishes the beef cattle, butter, etc., for the
market, and is very popular, especially with
the gay and festive bachelors. George Crane
is also engaged in mining.
Four miles from Traenorville is Red Moun
tain City, which place in the flush times of
'68 numbered a thousand souls—now there
are several less. Flowers & Willbrand have
an arastra of two tubs running, and are crush
ing four tons of quartz per day from the
Only Chance lead, which they have leased
from its owner, John T. Murphy, of Helena.
These gentlemen will have another arastra,
with a capacity of six tons per day, in opera
tion soon. The rock from the Only Chance
pays from $25 to $45 per ton, and is easily
worked. Nave, Simmouds & Kelley com
menced work in the gulch this spring, aud
have diggings that will pay from $8 to $10
per day to the hand.
From Treanorville to Divide P. O., is ten
miles over a rough road. Here is the store,
blacksmith shop aud hotel of Chas. Wunder
lich, who is doing a large trade in all these
branches of business, being popular with
miner, farmer and traveler. We had the
good fortune to meet here Mr. C. S. Masten
and C. A. Prouty ; the first named being the
Superintendent, and the last the master me
chanic of the Monroe Silver Mining Co.,
whose headquarters are in Rochester, N. Y.
This company will move the mill from Ster
ling that was formerly owned by the Midas
Company, and put it up in the Vipond Dis
trict, about five miles above this p ace. The
mill is a 15-stamp oue, and will be furnished
with all the modern improvements. Mr.
Prouty was iu Montana in 1867, in the em
ploy of the Midas Company. Work will be
commenced on "bis enterprise immediately,
and success is assured, as the company have
some of the best leads in the district.
J. W. A.
Glendale, June 13th, 1876.
Before leaving Wunderlich's store, (Divide
P. O.) I had the pleasure of meeting Prof.
Wm.Parvine, adevoted student of metallurgy
in all its branches, but who has of late years
paid special attention to the working of silver
ores. The Prof, has invented a pan for the
amalgamation of ores that promises to super
cede all others now in use, for the reason that
it is cheaply and easily constructed and cer
tain in its results. The pan is all wood, so
as to admit iron or copper, or both, for the
reduction of ores ; it can be used simply to
amalgamate, or to grind and almagamate
both, as may be desired. It is built with con
cave sides, so as to obviate the necessity of
using wings, and admit of running at a high
rate of speed with dilute pulp. All the irons
are light and can be easily made at any shop
without expensive patterns. One of these
pans is in successful operation in the North
west Company's mill at Philipsburg. Mr. E.
A. Newell, who has charge of the Centennial
mill at Butte was examining the models, and
a pan that was being constructed, aud gave
it his unqualified approval. I forward with
this a set of photographs, from an inspection
of which mill men can readily see the princi
ple involved in the working of this new in
From Divide to Modoc city is six miles,
over a good road that has been constructed
through the canyon of the Big Hole river at
a cost of $11,000. This is a town just start
ing into life, and what its future may be is
bard to tell, for here the quartz mill of the
Monroe Mining Co. will be erected. A. N.
Brubaker is building an arastra, and will have
two stamps for breaking rock, two barrels
and a settler. Joseph Harvey is also a resi
dent of the new city.
The road to Quartz Hill in the Vipond dis
trict, leaves the river here and follows Nez
Percez gulch. Quartz hill was struck in '69,
and now promises to leap forward like Butte
aud become au important quartz center. I
obtained a few facts in regard to some of the
most important leads from Mr. C. S. Gaffney.
The Pettingill lead belonging to the Monroe
Silver Mining Co., lias a shaft 45 feet deep,
with an eight foot crevice; the quartz from
this lead will average 75 ounces per ton. This
company also own the Bonanza, a slightly
developed but prominent lead. Nine men are
at work on the Pettingill, and the following
assays have been obtained at three different
times, viz.: 65, 113 and 130 ounces per ton.
The Argyle, owned by R. D. Leggatt, is the
best lead in the camp. Unfortunately, Mr.
Leggatt was absent, but I gleaned the follow
lowing facts: The shaft is 62 feet deep, with
a 5 foot crevice, and two hundred tons of ore
on the dump that will mill 100 ounces to the
ton. The Banner lead, owned by Wunder
lich & Co. and Dewey & Brubaker, has a
shaft 50 feet deep, shows an 8-foot crevice,
and the quartz will mill 75 ounces without
selection. The Century owned by Lancibur,
Bordage and Branigan, 70 feet deep, 5-1'oot
crevice, 100 tons of ore on the dump that by
sorting will mill 125 ounces to the ton. Be
sides these there are numerous other leads
that have been slightly prospected, and the
whole country'' is covered with rich float rock.
One drawback to the camp is the scarcity' of
water, the Big Hole river being the nearest
point where it can be obtained for milling
purposes, and even for drinking and cooking
the supply' is obtained by storing snow in a
large house, called "the snow house," the
nearest spring being a mile distant. That
the operations of the Monroe Company will
lie successful none can doubt who examine
the leads from which they expect to draw
their supply of quartz. J. W. A.
Meagh"r County items.
Capt. Stafford is running two shifts on liis
placer mines, within sight of Helena. They
are located on the mountain between Cave
and Horse gulches. Water is brought in from
both these gulches, the flume erected in a
workmanlike manner, and everything in good
working order. Jos. Flick, of Helena, just
completed the last 1,000 feet of fluming. It
is thought that Capt. Stafford will take out
between $10,000 and $12,000 duiing the first
six weeks work.
Not an idle man can be found in this sec
tion. All are working briskly away, with
bright prospects for the future.
Marshall & Co. are running two shifts on
their claim. The Hartop boys are tearing
away at a 60-foot bank.
During the recent storms, the Avalanche
Company kept on with their work, with prof
itable results.
The drain at Magpie is discharging at the
present time 1,000 inches of water. The
mines of this company appear to be all right,
and bave sustained but little injury from the
late storm, if any.
Commodore Flanmgan treads the quarter
deck of the Canyon Ferry boat, and makts
his many voyages in perfect safety, and to
the satisfaction of all who cross with him the
rushing waters of the Missouri. The Com
modore proposes running his flag-ship so
long as the cable remains above water.
Doc. Rotwitt is making extensive arrange
ments for the Centennial ball, to be given at
his place on Independence Day.
The Missouri river is still on the rise.
These hot days mean business with the snow
iu the mountains, and unusually high water
will be the result.
Miners and ali are jubilant over the pros
pects for the coming season.
[ From the New Northwest 16th.]
Bishop Tuttle contemplates stationing an
Episcopal Minister at Missoula, if he can get
the Pastor he wants.
Mr. Newell, who erected the Howe Mill,
is in town, getting shafting for the Allen
Foundry and Olin Concentrator at Butte.
Bailey's upper bridge, near Gold Creek,
went down with the flood last week, and
lodged against the lower bridge near Perkins'.
It was feared it would carry that off, but we
have not heard of such results.
Bishop Tuttle arrived on Saturday, and on
Sunday held services morning and evening in
St. James Church. The church, as usual at
his services, was crowded with deeply interest
ed audiences, and the sermon was fully up
to the high standard he had established.
A number of Pioneer miners who would
not return to work at $4 have gone out pros
pecting or are opening ground for themselves.
As they include some of the best miners in
the camp they are likely to open good ground
or strike finds that will benefit the country as
well as themselves.
Deer Lodge will go its length on the cele
bration of the Fourth. The following is the
programme :
Officers of the day.
President of the Day, James H. Mills.
Chaplain of the Day, Rt. Rev. Bishop D. S.
Orator of the Day, Rev. Clark Wright.
Reader of Declaration, lion. Jas. McElroy.
Historian of the Day, Hon. Granville Stuart.
Marshal of the Day, Dr. A. H. Mitchell.
Assistant Marshals, O. B. O'Braunon, Col.
J. C. C. Thornton.
Chief of Artillery, Newton Dickenson.
Exercises of the Day.
National Salute—13 guns—Sunrise-Deer
Lodge 12-pounder gun.
Procession 10 a. m.
Mid-Day Salute, 38 guns—12 in.
Oration, etc, Court House Square, 2 p. m.
Territorial Salute—8 guns—6 p. m.
Balloon ascension, 7 p. m.
Illumination and Calcium Lights, 8 p. m.
Fire Works rnd Steriopticon, 9 p. m.
National Lawn Dance, 10 p. w.
[Bozeman Times, 15th iust.]
Paul McCormick will leave Benson's land
ing in a mackinaw boat Tuesday next, for
Gen. Gibbon's command. He will take the
mail from Fort Ellis.
In our late trip to Deer Lodge, we stopped
at a station on the Blackfoot river, very ap
propriately named by its occupants "Zephyr
Grove," for a more beautiful vale in the
mountains docs not exist elsewhere. Shady
groves, grottoes and open lawns surround
the premises. The occupants are the mother
and sister of Mr. Salisbury (of the firm of
Gilmer & Salisbury) with the servants and
employees necessary, and this place now
forms an interesting link in the civilization
of Montana.
V. A. Cockrill, of Central Park, in this
county, expects to go East soon, to visit the
" Old folks at home," and places of interest,
including the Centennial. We have known
Yard from childhood, and are pleased to be
able to say that he is in every way a reliable,
intelligent and perfect gentleman, whom it is
a pleasure to be intimately acquainted with.
While waiting at Yard's last Saturday at a
time when the river was very high, and his
bridge was out, be told us, that with the assist
ance of bis neighbors, Cowan, Lovett,Barton,
Ruth and Dawes, he could and would
have the bridge repaired within three days
from that time. The Gallatin is at this time
a broad, deep and rapid river, and such en
ergy as Yard Cockrill and his neighbors have
shown, is worthy the imitation of others in
like circumstances in other localities.
[From the Madisonian, 15th inst.]
The whisky brought to this market this
Spring doesen't take hold of the boys like
the old stock. Fifteen or twenty drinks
only makes things begin to simmer.
Bed-bugs are so thick down town that
the fellows sleeping in single beds can hard
ly stand them. Some of them take chunks
of raw beef to bed with them, to give the
bugs a chance to feed.
Prof. C. S. Masten, and Mr. C. A. Prouty,
of Rochester N. Y., passed through town
this morning, on their way to Sterling for
the purpose of taking down the machinery
in the Midas Mill at that place and remov
ing it to the Yipond District where it is to be
put up by a company recently gotten up by
Mr. Owen Gaffney.
The District Court at Bannack adjourned
on Tuesday, after transacting the term busi
ness. The quartz case was non-suited, and
the defendants took an appeal to the Supreme
Court. Martin tried for perjury was ac
quitted. Two cases of illegal voting were
tried—one man acquitted and the other sent
to the Penitentiary for one year. The Met
lin-Bray suit was continued.
[From the Husbandman, loin inst.]
The round-up on the Missouri valley will
commence in a few days.
The Little Giant, on Gold Hill, is wrestling
away with the boulders in all its glory.
The road between Diamond and Camp
Baker is passible for wagons again.
The drain in Magpie gulch was saved from
serious damage by the recent heavy flood.
Harrington and Bristol are piping with a
full head of water in their bar diggings at
White's gulch.
Air. H. Rosenbaum's crop of wheat has
benn entirely destroyed by grasshoppers. He
is seeding his land again, but this time with
Mr. Job Thompson, of Missouri valley, has
a half acre of alfalfa, sowed iu the spring of
1875, which looks remarkably well.
C. W. Cook is on the road up from Carroll
with a fine lot of thorough bred sheep. It is
ported that he lost a flue buck in the late
The people of White's gulch are desirous
that their road across the range be declared
a county road. This is highly essential to
the convenience of the people along this
The trestle-work of the flellgate and Ava
lanche ditch company's flume, where it crosses
Avalanche creek, was carried away by the
flood, and it is thought the company will not
rebuild it.
Stahl & Cartwright, working in upper New
York gulch, have met with the same fate as
their Oregon gulch neighbors. Their drains
are filled up and their min es badly damaged.
[From the Mi aaonhan, 14th inst]
Air. Buckley visited Cedar, Quartz and
camps below last week. He reports higher
water in Cedar this season than ever known
before,and as be was fording the creek on
his return, Mistress Buckley came very near
being a widow.
Accounts from all parts of the Territory
are to the effect that but little farming is be
ing done in any section except in this county,
on account of the dreaded grasshopper.
Flour will unquestionably touch a figure
almost to States'prices with freight added,
and oats will be in good demand.
A. K. Gird came down from Philippsburg
last Friday on business up the valley. He
reports that C. Kroger, returning from Bear
to Philippsburg with an empty beer wagon,
came near losing his life while crossing Flint
creek last week, lie lost his team, and barely
succeeded in navigating to the shore on an
empty beer keg.
A. J. Davidson and Jo. Holzman, two of
Helena's public-spirited citizens, found their
way into these parts last week. On the road
down they announced it as the object of their
visit to establish Sunday schools. They were
thought to be Hard-shell Baptists, and were
recommended to the friendly co-operation
of a number of Christian gentlemen here , i
Bridges are generally built for the accom
modation of two-legged humans, but Ed.
Hayes has been constructing pontoons for
the benefit of his "hoppers." His ranch is on
an island. He drives the few that hatched out
on his premises across his bridges, and then
cuts of tlieir return, and looking over into
his green field they sing,
'•On Jordan's stormy bank I stand,
And cast a wistful eye.''
Butte Quartz Items.
There have been within the year ending
June 1, 1876, 391 quartz lodes located in the
immediate vicinity of Butte, which have been
recorded in the Recorder's office of Deer
Lodge county, by H. S. Clarke, Recorder.
These claims are located in the mining dis
tricts as follows : Summit Yalley, 314; In
dependence, 71 ; Summit Mountain, 6. The
above make an excellent showing for the fu
ture prosperity of this camp, as among all
these claims there will certainly be many
very rich and highly remunerative leads,
which, upon being worked, will give perma
nency to the place.
Yesterday afternoon Reeders train arrived
from below and at once proceeded to load
with quartz from the Late Acquisition Spur
lode. They put on nearly 30 tons of the
highest grade ore from this mine, assaying
$630 to the ton, and left this morning for
Corinne. The freight paid on this shipment
to Salt Lake City, is $40 per ton, which gives
the freighter $36 50 per ton to Corinne.
Leatherman is expected here to morrow', to
load w'ith the same ore, while a train, detain
ed on the other side of the Big Hole by high
water, is daily looked for, and which, w'hen
it arrives, will be similarly freighted. This
should be a good season for freighters,- as
they are able to take loads both in and out of
the country.— Miner, 13th inst.
Utah Election Bill.
Washington, June 10.—The House Com
mittee on Territories have authorized Wiggin
ton to report for passage the first opportunity
the bill to regulate elections in Territories.
It limits the elective franchise to male citizens
of twenty-one years or upward, who are not
bigamists or polygamists at the time they re
spectively offer to vote. The bill authorizes
in the main the copy of the California State
election law. All ballots are, however, to be
closed in envelopes of one form and size to
be furnished by the Territorial Secretary.
This measure will he offered as a substitute
for the bill introduced by Luttrell, which is a
copy of Senator Christiancy's bill to regulate
the elective franchise in Utah. It will be
observed that the substitute differs from the
Christiancy measure in many important par
ticulars, and is not all retroactive in its re
quirements concerning polygamists.
Suit for One Million Dollars.
Washington, June 9.—Jacob Thompson,
formerly Secretary of the Interior, was served
this morning with a process in a civil suit to
recover the one million dollars, principal and
interest, of the bonds taken from the Interior
department while he was Secretary. Thomp
son says that his enemies have abandoned
the charge that he is guilty of abstracting
these bonds, and this suit is brought to
make bim pecuniarily responsible for the
dishonest acts of the clerks. Thompson is
fortified with letters from Chas. Case, of
Indiana, and Issac N. Alorris, of Illinois,
members of the congressional committee
which investigated the matter at the time of
its transpiring, wherein they say the com
mittee's report exonerating him was a unani
mous one, and they are of the same opinion

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