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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK,...... ..................Editor. THI BSDAY, JUSE 29, 187«. the black hills. We have very little hope of restraining any one w hose mind is already bent upon going to the Black Hills. We know that we live in the midst of a community somewhat wonted to stampedes, and we know furthermore^that the i cry of gold is peculiarly blinding and bewild ering. Everybody w'ants to get rich in a hurry, and stands ready to quickly believe what appeals so strongly to his natural desires We often see the ordinary rules of prudence and caution reversed, and distance, danger and uncertainty, instead of becoming ob stacles, seeming to be new incentives to the chase. If only one out of ninety-nine writes favorably, it happens by some strange fatality that shrouds do other subject, that he is the only one believed. And it so happens, too, that the writer in that case and on that subject becomes perfectly reliable, though on most other subjects he would, perhaps, be called the biggest liar in the mountains. There seems to be only one way in which persons w'ill look and reason on this subject. Because some claims in Deadwood gulch are paying richly, it is forthwith inferred that all the country around is equally rich. When Alder gulch proved so rich, it was the cause of making thousands believe that a country that could produce one such gulch could, and most likely would, have more. Aud a coun try like Montana that has produced not only one but many such gulches might, with still greater probability, be expected to have oth ers. There was a time, and many of us can remember it well, when we believed that every new' gulch discovered w'as another Alder or Last Chance. Here in Helena, in the spring of 1865, horses were kept saddled and bridled night and day, to be ready for instant use. Storm or season could not binder one for a moment. From our midst w'e have seen men go forth to Kootenai, Cariboo, Stiekeen, even to South America and South Africa, and we have no doubt that if a rumor should start that there were good diggings at the North Pole there would be miners there inside of three months. We have no idea that anything we could say would hinder any one from going now to the Black Hills; but we do believe that in most cases—at least in nine cases out of ten—those who go w'ould do better to stay at home. We believe there is more gold in Montana than in the Black Hills. All of these stories about scraping up gold by the bushel, or the pound, are pure fables. These lloating stories of old Montaineers and Indians, have about as much substratum of fact as the similar ones about Captain Kidd's treasures, the more exaggerated and improb able, the more eagerly will some people re ceive them and undergo such toil, trouble and danger to testify their belief that it is not pos sible to doubt their earnestness and sincerity. If with equal energy, courage and persistency these same persons w'ould undertake anything else they would succeed in even greater pro portion. But even supposing the best reports are simple truth, w T e still hold that men can do better to stay by Montana, and be content with more moderate gains. How many of those who made sudden fortunes ten years ago in our mines have anything left of them to-day. Comstock, who discovered the rich est mine that the world has ever yet known, died a pauper, and by bis ow r n hand, over in Bozeman. Poor Billy Fairweather, the dis coverer of the richest gulch in this or any other country, died in want and dependent on charity for a burial. It would not be difficult to multiply these instances indefinitely. In fully ninety-nine cases out of a hundred it is a misfortune to any man to become suddenly rich, and for tunes thus made do not stay with the posses sor. All those who have amassed great wealth and have been able to retain it, have done it slowly at first and by hard work, learning its value and bow to use it as it was acquired. It is true even in regular trades and steady employments, that more money is saved by tbeir earning small wages than by those whose higher wages or salaries tempt them into extravagances that keep them con tinually poor and involved. The greatest difficulties against which Montana has to con tend to-day, are the recollections of the flush times from '04 to '68, and the habits of idle ness and extravagances induced by them. There is not a person in Montana to-day but might be prosperous by steady industry and economy. We want more steady employ ments. It is for this reason that quarts mines are so much better for a country than placers. The very richness of our mines has in the past been a source of our poverty. The for tunes made were immediately taken away, and not until the last dollar was gone have the fortunate ones thought of returning to us. We have no apprehensions about the final advantage that Montana will receive from the discovery of gold in the Black Hills. Thousands will leave the crowded cities of the east and before long become permanent settlers in our valleys ; but we do think those now living in Montana will make a poor ex change, and at the great hazard of their lives to leave this country for the Black Hills. KOT TO BE TRANSFERRED. r l he Senate, on the 21st, by a vote of 24 to 22, struck out the House amendment to the Indian Appropriation bill, which proposed to abolish tbe Indian bureau and transfer the government and control of the Indians to the War Department. EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. The Cincinnati Convention—Montana's Delegates Oppose the Chinese Plank,, and Bolt the Instructions of the Territorial Convention—Great Excitement and Enthusiasm. Cincinnati, June 16, 1876, The greatest and grandest political conven tion that ever assembled has just terminated its session and adjourned. In Rutherford B. Hayes, of Ohio, and William A. Wheeler, of New York, it has nominated the Centen nial President and Vice President of the Republic. Special dispatches, covering the main inci dents of the Convention, have been forwarded to be repeated to the Herald from Salt Lake. I take it for granted that the telegrams thus sent for the benefit of the Montana public h ive not failed to reach jmu, though possibly traveling part of the distance north by mail. I transmit with this a full and accurate text of the splendid declaration of principles adopted by the convention amid an ovation of cheers. Montana, of all the Territories, in the person of her delegates, opposed the acceptance of the eleventh section of the platform, which declares it "the immediate duty of Congress to fully investigate the ef fect of the immigration aud importation of Mongolians upon the moral and material in terests of the country." Among those who spoke against the resolve was George Wil liam Curtiss and several distinguished gentle men of the Massachusetts delegation, but it was adopted by the Convention by an empha tic majority. Before the meeting of the Convention and up to the time that balloting commenced, the several Territories, with the single exception of Wyoming, were credited to Blaine. In deed, on the first ballot, the Territories, Wy oming excepted, did so vote; but on the sub sequent five ballots Montana divided her two votes, throw'ing one for Blaine and one lor Hayes, and on the seventh and final ballot both votes were cast for Hayes. Arizonia, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Utah and Washington, which, like Montana, had de clared by resolution or instruction for Blaine, stood by their favoite to the last, and chal lenged by their splendid devotion and stead fastness the admiration of the Convention, which they repeatedly received in rounds of enthusiastic applause. Wyoming w'hich by resolution had declared for Bristow as its choice for President, stood by that gentleman as immovable as did the other named Ter ritories for Blaine. To Montana alone w'as it left to create in that portion of the Conven tion, loyal and true to the gallant chieftain from Maine, the first real sensation of the hour. It was both a surprise and disappoint ment, which found expression among the delegates of the then confident and enthusias tic majority, and among the little body of Montanians looking dow'n from the galleries and the seats of invited guests watching with earnest solicitude the fortunes of Mr. Blaine. am not prepared to say which of the two alternates divided Montana's vote on the five ballots proceeding the last. Mr. Tatem was on hand on the first day of the Conven tion and was accredited to a seat by the Com mittee on credentials. He was made one of the Yice-Presidents, and Mr. Hickman, ar riving the following day, occupied thereafter a seat in the body of the Convention by the side of Col. Sanders. I judge it was Mr. Hickman who thus voted for Hayes, as I failed to discover the presence of Mr. Tatem in the Convention during the day. In the up roar it was difficult to distinctly hear Colonel Sanders, but in casting the vote of Montana at the wind-up, I understood him saying in substance: " Without changing in the esti mate I have formed of the eminent states man whom I have thus far supported, I cast the two votes of Montana for Rutherford B. Hayes." It is next to impossible to describe the scene which followed the ascertainment of the nomination of Gen. Hayes. It was one of wildest excitement and enthusiasm. Ohio had a formidable body of her best people on the floor and in the galleries, and joined by the voices of hundreds, if not thousands, of others from every part of the country, the great building fairly shook with a tornado of shouts and cheers, which required some min utes to die away into quiet. The telegrams and press reports are hur rying to you the outlines and the fuller par ticulars of the glorious convention now drawn to a close. In the tumult and excitement surrounding it is no easy matter to write more than briefly and hastily. With many another have one poignant regret—the defeat of my favorite. Had I been in the convention he should certainly have received my vote to the last. But there is consolation and comfort even for the mourners. The ticket nomina ted is invincible. Every Republican, and thousands who do not call themselves such, can and will heartily, vigorously support the nominees and help to elect them by an un precedented majority. Outside the streets blaze with torches, speeches are being made, bands of music are playing and people are shouting themselves hoarse. It is Hayes-y to-night, and the fog-horn of old Bill Allen can't keep the Democratic bark off the threatening rocks of the Republican coast. The boys are shouting, "Wheeler into line," and hundreds of thousands of glad voices will take up the cry, and send the grand col umn of Republicans marching to the music of the Union on to victory. R. E. F. The fare from Chicago to New York has been reduced to $13, and the war is still in rogress. a a at to be of in the are for the the to the to but as 1st. on, 000 WINSLOW RELEASED This Reverend swindler who haa so long been held in durance under the extradition treaty, while over his shoulders Secretary Fish and Earl Derby have been waging an international w'arfare, has finally been re leased, and England stands before the world in tbe unenviable plight of having violated a solemn treaty rather than her o-wn municipal law of subsequent date. We Gare nothing for Winslow's return* in fact, we would pre fer that he should not return, and would re joice to see all others like him out of the country. But, none the less,, we believe the moral victory is altogether on the part of the United Stales, while England has committed a blunder of the first class. It will not alter the general aspect of the- case for English men to say that the treaty was violated to preserve the right of asylum, which has been the glory of the nation so. long. It might be answered with equal force, that there was little likelihood for the United States ever to abuse the treaty privileges to the punishment of political refugees. Our government, which, in the hundred years of its existence never yet has hung or banished or even convicted a man for treason, is not likely to have many in the future. England has had scores of them within that time, and one of them has been Governor of Montana. So these appeals to the sacred right of asylum come with poor grace and little force against the United States, and leave untouched and un answered the bad faith of the government that had deliberately broken a solemn treaty. With equal propriety might a private indi vidual after signing and sealing an agree ment attempt to evade its obligation, by en tering a note in bis private memorandum book. The civil law would not listen to such a foolish plea. There is no international tribunal before which England can be ar raigned and tried for a violation of treaty rights, but there is none the less a tribunal, including the honest and intelligent of all nations, which will take cognizance of this offense and pass judgment. And how can England escape the judgment that if she violates one article of a treaty she will violate others, and if in small matters then all the sooner in larger ones that involve her inter ests. And if a nation will not adhere to treaty obligations, what use is there of hav ing treaties with such a nation. She assumes at once the position of an outlaw, and all in tercourse comes to an end. This is an ex treme and yet a legitimate inference from England's act. Trifling as thi 3 thing may seem to most persons there is indelible dis grace in it, and England will never hear the last of it. If her treaty w'as unwise and ill guarded, there was a proper way to have be come relieved from it, but tbe one she chose to take is indefensible before any civilized tribunal. The quiet dignity with which Sec retary Fish has set forth the reasons of his claim and interpretation, leaving England to be the sole arbiter of her own course, will heighten the victory on his part, and deepen the shame that must attach to England's vol untary and deliberate crime. BLAINE AS SENATOR. The appointment of Senator Morrill, of Maine, to the position vacated by Bristow, leaves a vacancy that the recent Republican Convention of that State recommended to be filled by the appointment of Blaine. We know the suggestion was made with the best motives and under the impression that it would be a higher post of honor than the one now occupied. On the same theory Dawes of Massachusetts was transferred from the House to the Senate. It was a great mistake in his case, and for Blaine it would be greater still. In the House he is the "great Com moner," the leader of the minority, but in himself a host and a virtual majority. At the present time there is no position in the country W'here he can serve the people so effectually as in the House. There is no place of such danger, none where it needs a brave and skillful leader so much. There are other able Republicans more than a match for any single opponent, but with Blaine at the head, they have been outvoted, but never defeated. The reports say that Blaine needs rest. Let him take it at the seaside or in the Highlands, not in the stately retirement of the Senate. We believe it as high, honorable and useful position to be leader of the House of Repre sentatives as to be President, certainly higher than to be Senator. William Pitt chose wisely to decline the peerage, and history confirms the wisdom of his choice. Four years of brilliant and successful leadership in the House may add as much lustre to Blaine's reputation as the occupancy of the White House. It is an exciting and dangerous place to ride the topmost wave of popular favor, when one is liable to be stranded any hour, but to one who has the nerve and skill to direct this tidal wave it is the post of honor as well as of danger. Controller Knox has furnished a state ment showing the financial condition to J une 1st. The total contraction in less than seven teen months is $57,251,000, and is still going on, the net retirement for May being $2,575, 000 .__ Sexton's great fun of 287 points has been utterly cast into the shade by the perform ance of Professor Bataille, of Montpelier, France, who, according to the Messenger dv Midi, in a recent game at the Cafe Planque, made a break of 1,000 caroms, only pausing then from excessive fatigue. THE. CENTENNIAL. Philadelphia, June 16, 1876. To the Editar-of. the Herald. All the week the Exposition has been given no show whatever. People do> not want to talk about it,, and, indeed,seem nearly to have forgotten it. Cincinnati is this, and that and. everything and everywhere. All day long there are crowds in front of the offices of the Times and Ledger. Even in the grounds wn hear little else than Blaine, Conkling, and Hartranft. Whatever may be*said of the en thusiasm which the Penusyl^nia delegation shows for Hartranft, the Republicans of this city have not hoped or even wished for his nom ination. He is not popular,, and never was. He would not have been our Governor had he not* been the only available candidate. Our delegates combined for an entirely selfish end. The slowest, dullest, sleepiest amusement, is to- stand watching the Exhibition Judges as they proceed with their tests. They beat all the juries of history. They will try, and fuss, and work again and again the same thing, till we suppose there cannot help being an agreement ; and then cae of the judges will say he is not satisfied. The whole operation must be gone over again. Visitors do not stand watching them long at a time. Per haps the judges find pleasure In their labor ; but if not I pity them. They have tbe long months aud hot days ahead, and do prospect of a vacation. Philadelphia is, of course, very patriotic. She has liberally helped the Exposition. But undoubtedly she has looked well to her own gain from giving. Her money has been ex pended upon permanent buildings which, when tbe other great buildings shall be re moved, will remain as ornaments of Fair mount Park. The Art Gallery and Horticul tural Hall are built by this city at a cost of about two millions of dollars. The fact was well understood that, had there been no Ex hibition, these buildings would have been erected, for our present Park Gallery ha3 long been crowded and insufficient, and a flower hall has several times been proposed in councils. This explanatiou may correct tbe general im pression that Philadelphia unselfishly paid for two-fifths of the entire Exposition. Horticultural Hall is located on well-known Lf.nsdowne Terrace, a short distance north of tbe Main Building and the Art Gallery. It has a commanding view' of the Schuylkill river and the northwestern portion of the city. During the season of boat races, it will afford a desirable outlook for visitors, and will of course be uncomfortably crowded. The de sign of the building is Moorish ; or, precise ly, the peculiar Mauresque style w'hich pre vailed during tbe twelfth century. The main floor is occupied by tbe central conservatory, surmounted by a great lantern nearly two hundred feet long. Running entirely around this conservatory, at the height of about twenty feet, is a gallery of five or six feet in width. On the north and south sides of this principal room are four forcing houses for the propagation of young plants. They have curved roofs of iron glass. They are the low, ribbed apartments show'n by the side view given in the engravings of the buildings. Dividing the two forcing houses on each side is a vestibule, some thirty feet square. At the center of the east and w'est ends are simi lar vestibules, and on either side of them are a group of restaurants, reception rooms and offices. From the vestibules,ornamental stair ways lead up to the internal galleries of the conservatory, and communicate with the four external galleries, surmounting the roofs of the forcing houses. These external galleries are connected with a grand promenade formed by the roofs of the rooms on the ground floor. The east and west entrances have each a small dome, and are approached by flights of blue marble steps. The angles of the main conservatory are adorned with eight orna mental fountains. The corridors which con nect the conservatory with surrounding rooms open fine vistas in every direction. The basement of the building is fire-proof and is divided into kitchens, store-rooms, coal houses, ash pits and heating arrangemeats. Connected with Horticultural Hall are thirty five acres of ground, now all a-bloom and the scene of a complete representation of the more refined portion of the botani cal world. The exhibits within and without the building embrace ornamental trees, shrubs and flowers, hot bouses, conser vatories, graperies and tbeir management, garden tools and accessories of gardening, and also the designing, construction and spe cial management of gardens. All the flow ers have now been placed, although many of them, owing to climatic influence, could not be transplanted until a few days ago. The interior of the Hall is really gorgeous. One cannot but recall the descriptions of the Arabian Nights, and of tbe gardens of the Veiled Prophet of Khorassan. The largest displays are in the United btates department. Philadelphia and South Amboy, N. J., take up most of the space. The contributions of the former comprise lemon and orange trees, fairly weighted down with their golden fruits; the latter has a fine collection of tropical plants. In this department are tree ferns which are specially interesting. They are natives of Tasmania, and some of them are seven feet high and one foot in diameter. They were brought over with a collection of animals destined for our Park Zoological Gardens. By the way, although not within the grounds, the Zoological Gardens attract much attention from strangers, and deserve to be classed with the great exposition build - iugs. The collection of birds and animals is unequalled in America. Besides the tree ferns mentioned, there are ethers from Cali fornia and Australia ;. but these are of little interest to the general observer. There are also banana trees in blossom,, ferns, and a magnolia grandifiora which blooms abund antly down south, but is rarely seen in this latitude. In the Great Britain department are hollies green and variegated, Portuguese laurels, rho dodendrons now faded away, evergreens of many varieties new to this country, and a fine display of Japanese coniferous piants. These were all contributed to tbs oeleforated Veitch, of London. England is also represented by a number of garden ornaments, terra-cotta wares, lawn mowers and other horticultural implements. In the annex, to Horticultural Hall, the great gardens of Knap Hill, Eug land, are represented by some highly orna mental plants. The Cuban display is rare and curious. There are five sago trees, two of which have reached have reached the very unusual ages of one hundred and five and one hundred and ten years respectively. There is a ean tury plant, ready to bloom, various shrubs, the fibres of whose leaves may be woven into the stoutest kind of ropes. We also sei eo coanut trees and bread-fruit trees. Holland contributes a number of maguo lias. Jamaica has on exhibition two hundred and fifty plants, representing all tbe economic productions of the island. New Zealand sends a fine collection of ferns. Not a little disappointment is expressed tha.t there are so few of our home flowers. There is much interest in what is rare, but there is more beauty iu a grand display of what W'e see in the finest American gardens. We should see what may be done with flowers of our own country. As it is, Horticultural Hall has much that is beautiful, and people are just beginning to appreciate il. A. A. W. THE WINNING BALLOT. As an item of interest to our readers, we publish the seventh ballot at the Cincinnati Convention : I < I Candidates. STATES. 1 x !? 1 Blaine. «1 E |j \ ? j ! 1 1 1 Alabama.......................... | 20 17 3 Arkansas ........................... 12 11 ! i California............................ 12 i 6 .. . G Connecticut.......................... 12 9 7 Delaware............................. Florida.............................. s s Georgia.............................. 22 14 1 1 7 Illinois............................... 42 5 2 Indiana.............................. 3Q *> 1 9X Iowa................................ 92 22 Kansas.............................. 10 10 Kentucky............................ 24 :::r 24 Louisiana............................ 1 G 14 1 ... 2 Maine............................... 14 14 ! Maryland............................ 16: ■ft 1(> ■■'I Massachusetts....................... 26 i 5 .. 21 Michigan............................ «>>■ 22 Minnesota.......................... 10 y ... 1 MississipnL.......................... 16 ... it; Missouri............................. 30 21 ) 10 Nebraska............................ 6 t; Nevada..................... ...... o ■■ New Hampshire ..... I ................ 10 7 New Jersey ......................... IS 12 6 New York ........................... 70 91... 61 North Carolina. ...................... 20 20 Ohio ................................. 1 44 Oregon.............................. G G Pennsylvania......................... ! 5S u ... 30 ... 28 Rhode Island.................. ..... 8 2 j. .. 6 South Carolina ....................... 14 t ... 1 Tennessee .......................... 24 el... IS Texas ............................... 1 15 Vermont ............................. 10 10 Virginia .............................. 14 West Virginia ........................ 10 * * * 6 ... 4 Wisconsin ........................... 20 16 ... 4 Arizona .............................. 2 2 . Colorado ............................. G 6 1 ... Dakota ............................... 2 21 .. District oi Columbia .................. 2 2 Idaho ................................ 2 21 Montana ............................. 2 2 New Mexico. ......................... 2 2 !... Utah................................. 2 2! Washington.......................... 2 ! 2 ... 1 Wyoming............................ 2| 2 Total........................... 75613511 21 384 By casting up the ballot it w ill be seen that Hayes had a majority of one before Montana cast her ballot. Major Benjamin P. Runkle, dismissed from the army some years ago, when he w'as disbursing officer of the Freedman's Bureau in Kentucky, has been honorably restored to service. The first decision was based on a mistake which it is well to have rectified. _ Senator Foote and two nieces, on enter ing Mr. Seward's drawing-room once, to at tend a party, were announced at the door by one of the messengers as "Senator Foote and the two Misses Feet." The expenses of the French Government are about $540,000,000 a year, or just about double that of the United States. The items include about $260,000,000 interest, the army $135,000,000, civil service $85,000,000. The Emperor of Brazil has said one mean and untruthful thing, and that is that Amer ican women are bold and masculine, and crow'd upon strangers without invitation. Bankers* Delegation. Washington, June 22.—A delegation of the bankers' convention, in session here, ap peared before the committee on banking this morning. The committee listened to the ex planation as to how the banks are injuriously affected by the present taxes on capital and deposits. They commend for uniform taxes on the par value of stocks throughout the United States, and that the surplus capita should be exempt from tax as surplus, which insures confidence and strengthens the banks. Representative Payne said that no legisla tion is now contemplated on tbe subject of taxation, it being risky at this time, in con nection with the present state of business. The committee would, however, be pleased to receive any suggestions as to what législa tion might be passed at tbe present session id Congress.