THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISK,...... ..................Editor.
THI BSDAY, JUSE 29, 187«.
the black hills.
We have very little hope of restraining any
one w hose mind is already bent upon going
to the Black Hills. We know that we live in
the midst of a community somewhat wonted to
stampedes, and we know furthermore^that the
i cry of gold is peculiarly blinding and bewild
ering. Everybody w'ants to get rich in a
hurry, and stands ready to quickly believe
what appeals so strongly to his natural desires
We often see the ordinary rules of prudence
and caution reversed, and distance, danger
and uncertainty, instead of becoming ob
stacles, seeming to be new incentives to the
chase. If only one out of ninety-nine writes
favorably, it happens by some strange
fatality that shrouds do other subject, that he
is the only one believed. And it so happens,
too, that the writer in that case and on that
subject becomes perfectly reliable, though on
most other subjects he would, perhaps, be
called the biggest liar in the mountains.
There seems to be only one way in which
persons w'ill look and reason on this subject.
Because some claims in Deadwood gulch are
paying richly, it is forthwith inferred that all
the country around is equally rich. When
Alder gulch proved so rich, it was the cause
of making thousands believe that a country
that could produce one such gulch could, and
most likely would, have more. Aud a coun
try like Montana that has produced not only
one but many such gulches might, with still
greater probability, be expected to have oth
ers. There was a time, and many of us can
remember it well, when we believed that every
new' gulch discovered w'as another Alder or
Last Chance. Here in Helena, in the spring
of 1865, horses were kept saddled and bridled
night and day, to be ready for instant use.
Storm or season could not binder one for a
moment. From our midst w'e have seen men
go forth to Kootenai, Cariboo, Stiekeen, even
to South America and South Africa, and we
have no doubt that if a rumor should start that
there were good diggings at the North Pole
there would be miners there inside of three
months. We have no idea that anything we
could say would hinder any one from going
now to the Black Hills; but we do believe
that in most cases—at least in nine cases out
of ten—those who go w'ould do better
to stay at home. We believe there is more
gold in Montana than in the Black Hills. All
of these stories about scraping up gold by the
bushel, or the pound, are pure fables.
These lloating stories of old Montaineers and
Indians, have about as much substratum of
fact as the similar ones about Captain Kidd's
treasures, the more exaggerated and improb
able, the more eagerly will some people re
ceive them and undergo such toil, trouble and
danger to testify their belief that it is not pos
sible to doubt their earnestness and sincerity.
If with equal energy, courage and persistency
these same persons w'ould undertake anything
else they would succeed in even greater pro
But even supposing the best reports are
simple truth, w T e still hold that men can do
better to stay by Montana, and be content
with more moderate gains. How many of
those who made sudden fortunes ten years
ago in our mines have anything left of them
to-day. Comstock, who discovered the rich
est mine that the world has ever yet known,
died a pauper, and by bis ow r n hand, over in
Bozeman. Poor Billy Fairweather, the dis
coverer of the richest gulch in this or any
other country, died in want and dependent on
charity for a burial. It would not be
difficult to multiply these instances
indefinitely. In fully ninety-nine cases
out of a hundred it is a misfortune to
any man to become suddenly rich, and for
tunes thus made do not stay with the posses
sor. All those who have amassed great
wealth and have been able to retain it, have
done it slowly at first and by hard work,
learning its value and bow to use it as it was
acquired. It is true even in regular trades
and steady employments, that more money is
saved by tbeir earning small wages than by
those whose higher wages or salaries tempt
them into extravagances that keep them con
tinually poor and involved. The greatest
difficulties against which Montana has to con
tend to-day, are the recollections of the flush
times from '04 to '68, and the habits of idle
ness and extravagances induced by them.
There is not a person in Montana to-day but
might be prosperous by steady industry and
economy. We want more steady employ
ments. It is for this reason that quarts mines
are so much better for a country than placers.
The very richness of our mines has in the
past been a source of our poverty. The for
tunes made were immediately taken away,
and not until the last dollar was gone have
the fortunate ones thought of returning to us.
We have no apprehensions about the final
advantage that Montana will receive from
the discovery of gold in the Black Hills.
Thousands will leave the crowded cities of
the east and before long become permanent
settlers in our valleys ; but we do think those
now living in Montana will make a poor ex
change, and at the great hazard of their lives
to leave this country for the Black Hills.
KOT TO BE TRANSFERRED.
r l he Senate, on the 21st, by a vote of 24 to
22, struck out the House amendment to the
Indian Appropriation bill, which proposed
to abolish tbe Indian bureau and transfer the
government and control of the Indians to the
The Cincinnati Convention—Montana's
Delegates Oppose the Chinese Plank,,
and Bolt the Instructions of the
Excitement and Enthusiasm.
Cincinnati, June 16, 1876,
The greatest and grandest political conven
tion that ever assembled has just terminated
its session and adjourned. In Rutherford
B. Hayes, of Ohio, and William A. Wheeler,
of New York, it has nominated the Centen
nial President and Vice President of the
Special dispatches, covering the main inci
dents of the Convention, have been forwarded
to be repeated to the Herald from Salt Lake.
I take it for granted that the telegrams thus
sent for the benefit of the Montana public
h ive not failed to reach jmu, though possibly
traveling part of the distance north by mail.
I transmit with this a full and accurate text
of the splendid declaration of principles
adopted by the convention amid an ovation
of cheers. Montana, of all the Territories,
in the person of her delegates, opposed the
acceptance of the eleventh section of the
platform, which declares it "the immediate
duty of Congress to fully investigate the ef
fect of the immigration aud importation of
Mongolians upon the moral and material in
terests of the country." Among those who
spoke against the resolve was George Wil
liam Curtiss and several distinguished gentle
men of the Massachusetts delegation, but it
was adopted by the Convention by an empha
Before the meeting of the Convention and
up to the time that balloting commenced, the
several Territories, with the single exception
of Wyoming, were credited to Blaine. In
deed, on the first ballot, the Territories, Wy
oming excepted, did so vote; but on the sub
sequent five ballots Montana divided her two
votes, throw'ing one for Blaine and one lor
Hayes, and on the seventh and final ballot
both votes were cast for Hayes. Arizonia,
Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Utah and
Washington, which, like Montana, had de
clared by resolution or instruction for Blaine,
stood by their favoite to the last, and chal
lenged by their splendid devotion and stead
fastness the admiration of the Convention,
which they repeatedly received in rounds of
enthusiastic applause. Wyoming w'hich by
resolution had declared for Bristow as its
choice for President, stood by that gentleman
as immovable as did the other named Ter
ritories for Blaine. To Montana alone w'as
it left to create in that portion of the Conven
tion, loyal and true to the gallant chieftain
from Maine, the first real sensation of the
hour. It was both a surprise and disappoint
ment, which found expression among the
delegates of the then confident and enthusias
tic majority, and among the little body of
Montanians looking dow'n from the galleries
and the seats of invited guests watching with
earnest solicitude the fortunes of Mr. Blaine.
am not prepared to say which of the two
alternates divided Montana's vote on the
five ballots proceeding the last. Mr. Tatem
was on hand on the first day of the Conven
tion and was accredited to a seat by the Com
mittee on credentials. He was made one of
the Yice-Presidents, and Mr. Hickman, ar
riving the following day, occupied thereafter
a seat in the body of the Convention by the
side of Col. Sanders. I judge it was Mr.
Hickman who thus voted for Hayes, as I
failed to discover the presence of Mr. Tatem
in the Convention during the day. In the up
roar it was difficult to distinctly hear Colonel
Sanders, but in casting the vote of Montana
at the wind-up, I understood him saying in
substance: " Without changing in the esti
mate I have formed of the eminent states
man whom I have thus far supported, I cast
the two votes of Montana for Rutherford B.
It is next to impossible to describe the
scene which followed the ascertainment of
the nomination of Gen. Hayes. It was one
of wildest excitement and enthusiasm. Ohio
had a formidable body of her best people on
the floor and in the galleries, and joined by
the voices of hundreds, if not thousands, of
others from every part of the country, the
great building fairly shook with a tornado of
shouts and cheers, which required some min
utes to die away into quiet.
The telegrams and press reports are hur
rying to you the outlines and the fuller par
ticulars of the glorious convention now drawn
to a close. In the tumult and excitement
surrounding it is no easy matter to write more
than briefly and hastily. With many another
have one poignant regret—the defeat of my
favorite. Had I been in the convention he
should certainly have received my vote to the
last. But there is consolation and comfort
even for the mourners. The ticket nomina
ted is invincible. Every Republican, and
thousands who do not call themselves such,
can and will heartily, vigorously support the
nominees and help to elect them by an un
precedented majority. Outside the streets
blaze with torches, speeches are being made,
bands of music are playing and people are
shouting themselves hoarse. It is Hayes-y
to-night, and the fog-horn of old Bill Allen
can't keep the Democratic bark off the
threatening rocks of the Republican coast.
The boys are shouting, "Wheeler into line,"
and hundreds of thousands of glad voices
will take up the cry, and send the grand col
umn of Republicans marching to the music
of the Union on to victory. R. E. F.
The fare from Chicago to New York has
been reduced to $13, and the war is still in
This Reverend swindler who haa so long
been held in durance under the extradition
treaty, while over his shoulders Secretary
Fish and Earl Derby have been waging an
international w'arfare, has finally been re
leased, and England stands before the world
in tbe unenviable plight of having violated a
solemn treaty rather than her o-wn municipal
law of subsequent date. We Gare nothing
for Winslow's return* in fact, we would pre
fer that he should not return, and would re
joice to see all others like him out of the
country. But, none the less,, we believe the
moral victory is altogether on the part of the
United Stales, while England has committed
a blunder of the first class. It will not alter
the general aspect of the- case for English
men to say that the treaty was violated to
preserve the right of asylum, which has been
the glory of the nation so. long. It might be
answered with equal force, that there was
little likelihood for the United States ever to
abuse the treaty privileges to the punishment
of political refugees. Our government, which,
in the hundred years of its existence never
yet has hung or banished or even convicted a
man for treason, is not likely to have many
in the future. England has had scores of
them within that time, and one of them has
been Governor of Montana. So these appeals
to the sacred right of asylum come with
poor grace and little force against the
United States, and leave untouched and un
answered the bad faith of the government
that had deliberately broken a solemn treaty.
With equal propriety might a private indi
vidual after signing and sealing an agree
ment attempt to evade its obligation, by en
tering a note in bis private memorandum
book. The civil law would not listen to such
a foolish plea. There is no international
tribunal before which England can be ar
raigned and tried for a violation of treaty
rights, but there is none the less a tribunal,
including the honest and intelligent of all
nations, which will take cognizance of this
offense and pass judgment. And how can
England escape the judgment that if she
violates one article of a treaty she will violate
others, and if in small matters then all the
sooner in larger ones that involve her inter
ests. And if a nation will not adhere to
treaty obligations, what use is there of hav
ing treaties with such a nation. She assumes
at once the position of an outlaw, and all in
tercourse comes to an end. This is an ex
treme and yet a legitimate inference from
England's act. Trifling as thi 3 thing may
seem to most persons there is indelible dis
grace in it, and England will never hear the
last of it. If her treaty w'as unwise and ill
guarded, there was a proper way to have be
come relieved from it, but tbe one she chose
to take is indefensible before any civilized
tribunal. The quiet dignity with which Sec
retary Fish has set forth the reasons of his
claim and interpretation, leaving England to
be the sole arbiter of her own course, will
heighten the victory on his part, and deepen
the shame that must attach to England's vol
untary and deliberate crime.
BLAINE AS SENATOR.
The appointment of Senator Morrill, of
Maine, to the position vacated by Bristow,
leaves a vacancy that the recent Republican
Convention of that State recommended to be
filled by the appointment of Blaine. We
know the suggestion was made with the best
motives and under the impression that it
would be a higher post of honor than the one
now occupied. On the same theory Dawes
of Massachusetts was transferred from the
House to the Senate. It was a great mistake
in his case, and for Blaine it would be greater
still. In the House he is the "great Com
moner," the leader of the minority, but in
himself a host and a virtual majority. At
the present time there is no position in the
country W'here he can serve the people so
effectually as in the House. There is no
place of such danger, none where it needs a
brave and skillful leader so much. There
are other able Republicans more than a match
for any single opponent, but with Blaine at
the head, they have been outvoted, but never
defeated. The reports say that Blaine needs
rest. Let him take it at the seaside or in the
Highlands, not in the stately retirement of
We believe it as high, honorable and useful
position to be leader of the House of Repre
sentatives as to be President, certainly higher
than to be Senator. William Pitt chose wisely
to decline the peerage, and history confirms
the wisdom of his choice. Four years of
brilliant and successful leadership in the
House may add as much lustre to Blaine's
reputation as the occupancy of the White
House. It is an exciting and dangerous place
to ride the topmost wave of popular favor,
when one is liable to be stranded any hour,
but to one who has the nerve and skill to
direct this tidal wave it is the post of honor
as well as of danger.
Controller Knox has furnished a state
ment showing the financial condition to J une
1st. The total contraction in less than seven
teen months is $57,251,000, and is still going
on, the net retirement for May being $2,575,
Sexton's great fun of 287 points has been
utterly cast into the shade by the perform
ance of Professor Bataille, of Montpelier,
France, who, according to the Messenger dv
Midi, in a recent game at the Cafe Planque,
made a break of 1,000 caroms, only pausing
then from excessive fatigue.
Philadelphia, June 16, 1876.
To the Editar-of. the Herald.
All the week the Exposition has been given
no show whatever. People do> not want to
talk about it,, and, indeed,seem nearly to have
forgotten it. Cincinnati is this, and that and.
everything and everywhere. All day long
there are crowds in front of the offices of the
Times and Ledger. Even in the grounds wn
hear little else than Blaine, Conkling, and
Hartranft. Whatever may be*said of the en
thusiasm which the Penusyl^nia delegation
shows for Hartranft, the Republicans of this
city have not hoped or even wished for his nom
ination. He is not popular,, and never was.
He would not have been our Governor had
he not* been the only available candidate.
Our delegates combined for an entirely selfish
The slowest, dullest, sleepiest amusement,
is to- stand watching the Exhibition Judges
as they proceed with their tests. They beat all
the juries of history. They will try, and fuss,
and work again and again the same thing, till
we suppose there cannot help being an
agreement ; and then cae of the judges will
say he is not satisfied. The whole operation
must be gone over again. Visitors do not
stand watching them long at a time. Per
haps the judges find pleasure In their labor ;
but if not I pity them. They have tbe long
months aud hot days ahead, and do prospect
of a vacation.
Philadelphia is, of course, very patriotic.
She has liberally helped the Exposition. But
undoubtedly she has looked well to her own
gain from giving. Her money has been ex
pended upon permanent buildings which,
when tbe other great buildings shall be re
moved, will remain as ornaments of Fair
mount Park. The Art Gallery and Horticul
tural Hall are built by this city at a cost of
about two millions of dollars. The fact was
well understood that, had there been no Ex
hibition, these buildings would have been
erected, for our present Park Gallery ha3 long
been crowded and insufficient, and a flower hall
has several times been proposed in councils.
This explanatiou may correct tbe general im
pression that Philadelphia unselfishly paid
for two-fifths of the entire Exposition.
Horticultural Hall is located on well-known
Lf.nsdowne Terrace, a short distance north
of tbe Main Building and the Art Gallery. It
has a commanding view' of the Schuylkill
river and the northwestern portion of the city.
During the season of boat races, it will afford
a desirable outlook for visitors, and will of
course be uncomfortably crowded. The de
sign of the building is Moorish ; or, precise
ly, the peculiar Mauresque style w'hich pre
vailed during tbe twelfth century. The main
floor is occupied by tbe central conservatory,
surmounted by a great lantern nearly two
hundred feet long. Running entirely around
this conservatory, at the height of about
twenty feet, is a gallery of five or six feet in
width. On the north and south sides of this
principal room are four forcing houses for
the propagation of young plants. They
have curved roofs of iron glass. They are
the low, ribbed apartments show'n by the side
view given in the engravings of the buildings.
Dividing the two forcing houses on each side
is a vestibule, some thirty feet square. At
the center of the east and w'est ends are simi
lar vestibules, and on either side of them are
a group of restaurants, reception rooms and
offices. From the vestibules,ornamental stair
ways lead up to the internal galleries of the
conservatory, and communicate with the four
external galleries, surmounting the roofs of
the forcing houses. These external galleries
are connected with a grand promenade formed
by the roofs of the rooms on the ground floor.
The east and west entrances have each a
small dome, and are approached by flights of
blue marble steps. The angles of the main
conservatory are adorned with eight orna
mental fountains. The corridors which con
nect the conservatory with surrounding rooms
open fine vistas in every direction. The
basement of the building is fire-proof and is
divided into kitchens, store-rooms, coal
houses, ash pits and heating arrangemeats.
Connected with Horticultural Hall are thirty
five acres of ground, now all a-bloom and the
scene of a complete representation of
the more refined portion of the botani
cal world. The exhibits within and
without the building embrace ornamental
trees, shrubs and flowers, hot bouses, conser
vatories, graperies and tbeir management,
garden tools and accessories of gardening,
and also the designing, construction and spe
cial management of gardens. All the flow
ers have now been placed, although many of
them, owing to climatic influence, could not
be transplanted until a few days ago.
The interior of the Hall is really gorgeous.
One cannot but recall the descriptions of the
Arabian Nights, and of tbe gardens of the
Veiled Prophet of Khorassan. The largest
displays are in the United btates department.
Philadelphia and South Amboy, N. J., take
up most of the space. The contributions of
the former comprise lemon and orange trees,
fairly weighted down with their golden fruits;
the latter has a fine collection of tropical
plants. In this department are tree ferns
which are specially interesting. They are
natives of Tasmania, and some of them are
seven feet high and one foot in diameter.
They were brought over with a collection of
animals destined for our Park Zoological
Gardens. By the way, although not within
the grounds, the Zoological Gardens attract
much attention from strangers, and deserve
to be classed with the great exposition build -
iugs. The collection of birds and animals is
unequalled in America. Besides the tree
ferns mentioned, there are ethers from Cali
fornia and Australia ;. but these are of little
interest to the general observer. There are
also banana trees in blossom,, ferns, and a
magnolia grandifiora which blooms abund
antly down south, but is rarely seen in this
In the Great Britain department are hollies
green and variegated, Portuguese laurels, rho
dodendrons now faded away, evergreens of
many varieties new to this country, and a fine
display of Japanese coniferous piants. These
were all contributed to tbs oeleforated Veitch,
of London. England is also represented by
a number of garden ornaments, terra-cotta
wares, lawn mowers and other horticultural
implements. In the annex, to Horticultural
Hall, the great gardens of Knap Hill, Eug
land, are represented by some highly orna
The Cuban display is rare and curious.
There are five sago trees, two of which have
reached have reached the very unusual ages
of one hundred and five and one hundred
and ten years respectively. There is a ean
tury plant, ready to bloom, various shrubs,
the fibres of whose leaves may be woven into
the stoutest kind of ropes. We also sei eo
coanut trees and bread-fruit trees.
Holland contributes a number of maguo
lias. Jamaica has on exhibition two hundred
and fifty plants, representing all tbe economic
productions of the island. New Zealand sends
a fine collection of ferns.
Not a little disappointment is expressed
tha.t there are so few of our home flowers.
There is much interest in what is rare, but
there is more beauty iu a grand display of
what W'e see in the finest American gardens.
We should see what may be done with flowers
of our own country. As it is, Horticultural
Hall has much that is beautiful, and people
are just beginning to appreciate il.
A. A. W.
THE WINNING BALLOT.
As an item of interest to our readers, we
publish the seventh ballot at the Cincinnati
I < I Candidates.
i 6 .. .
New Hampshire ..... I ................
New Jersey .........................
New York ...........................
North Carolina. ......................
Rhode Island.................. .....
2 j. ..
South Carolina .......................
West Virginia ........................
* * *
6 1 ...
District oi Columbia ..................
New Mexico. .........................
2 ... 1
By casting up the ballot it w ill be seen that
Hayes had a majority of one before Montana
cast her ballot.
Major Benjamin P. Runkle, dismissed
from the army some years ago, when he
w'as disbursing officer of the Freedman's
Bureau in Kentucky, has been honorably
restored to service. The first decision was
based on a mistake which it is well to have
Senator Foote and two nieces, on enter
ing Mr. Seward's drawing-room once, to at
tend a party, were announced at the door by
one of the messengers as "Senator Foote and
the two Misses Feet."
The expenses of the French Government
are about $540,000,000 a year, or just about
double that of the United States. The items
include about $260,000,000 interest, the army
$135,000,000, civil service $85,000,000.
The Emperor of Brazil has said one mean
and untruthful thing, and that is that Amer
ican women are bold and masculine, and
crow'd upon strangers without invitation.
Washington, June 22.—A delegation of
the bankers' convention, in session here, ap
peared before the committee on banking this
morning. The committee listened to the ex
planation as to how the banks are injuriously
affected by the present taxes on capital and
deposits. They commend for uniform taxes
on the par value of stocks throughout the
United States, and that the surplus capita
should be exempt from tax as surplus, which
insures confidence and strengthens the banks.
Representative Payne said that no legisla
tion is now contemplated on tbe subject of
taxation, it being risky at this time, in con
nection with the present state of business.
The committee would, however, be pleased
to receive any suggestions as to what législa
tion might be passed at tbe present session id
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