Newspaper Page Text
of the earth lias been plainly shown by
the general participation of loreign nations in the exhibition which lias just clos ed, anD by the exertions made by distant powers to show their interest in ana friendly feeling toward 'he United States in commem oration of the centennial of the nation, 'i he government and people of the United States have not only fully appreciated this exhibi tion of kindly feeling, but it may he expected that no small benefits will result both to our selves and other nations from better acquain tance and a better appreciation of our mutual advantage and mutual wants. Congress, at its last session, saw fit to re duce the amount usually appropriated for foreign intercourse by withholding appropri ations for representatives of the United States in certain foreign countries, and for certain consu. ar offices, and by reducing the amounts usually appropriated for certain other diplo matic posts, and thus necessitating a change in the grade of representatives. For these reasons, immediately upon the passage of the bill making appropriations for diplomatic and consular service for the present force, instructions were issued to the representa tives of the United States at Bolivia. Ecqua dor and Colombo, and to the consular officers for whom no appropriations had been made, to close their respective legations and consulates and cease from the performance of their duties, aud in like manner steps were immediately taken to substitute Charge d'Affairs for Ministers Resident in Portugal, Denmark, Greece, Switzerland and Paraguay. While thoroughly impressed with the wisdom of sound economy in the foreign service, as in the other branches of government, 1 can not escape the conclusion that in some m stances the withholding of appropriations will prove expensive economy, and that the small retienehraents secured by a change of grade in certain diplomatic ports is not an adequate consideration for the loss of influence and importance which will attend our foreign representatives under this reduction. I am of the opinion that a re-ex amination of the subject will cause a change in some instances in the conclusion reached on these subjects at the last session of Con gress. THE ALABAMA CLAIMS. The Court of Commissioners on the Ala bama claims, w hose functions were continued by an act of the last session of Congress, until the 1st day 7 of January, 1877, has car ried on its labors with diligence aud general satisfaction. By a report from the Clerk of the Court, transmitted herewith, hearing date Nov. 14, 187(1, it appears that during the time now allowed by law the Court will have disposed of all the claims presented for adju dication. This report also contains a state ment of the general results of the labors of the Court to date thereof. It is a cause for cougratulation that the method adopted for the satisfaction of the classes of claims submit ted to the Court, which are of long standing and justly entitled to early consideration, should have proved successful and acceptable. THE N. W. BOUNDARY SURVEY. It, is with satisfaction that I am enabled to state that the work of the Joint Commission fur determining the boundary line between the United Stuten and the British Possessions from the northwest angle of the Lake of the Wooda to the Rocky Momiums. commenced in 1*72, has been completed. The fiual agree ments of the Commissioners, with the maps have been duly signed, and the work of the Commission is complete. The fixing of the boundary upon the Pacific coast by the pro tocol of March 10, 1872, pursuant to the award of the Emperor of Germany, by arti cle 24 of the Treaty of Washington, with the termination of the work of this Commission, adjusts and fixes the boundary between the United States and the British Possessions, ex cept as to the portion of territory ceded by Russia to the United States under the treaty of 1807. The work entrusted to the Commis sioners and the officers of the army attached to the commission has been well and satis tactorily performed. The original of the final agreement of the commissioners, signed on the 2!Mh of May, 1870, with the original list r>f astronomical stations observed, the origi nal monuments marking the international boundary line, and the maps, records and general reports relating to the commission have been deposited in the Department of State. The otficiul report of the commissioner on the part of the United States, with the report of the Chief Astronomer of the United States, will be submitted to Congress within a short time. 1 reserve for a separate communica tion to Congress a statement of the condition of the questions which lately arose with Great Britain respecting the surrender of Higilive criminals under the treaty of 1842. FoREK.N TREATIES. The Ottoman Government gave notice, uu iier date of January 15th, 1874, of its desire to terminate the treaty of 1862, concerning commerce and navigation. Pursuant to the provisions of the 22d article thereof, under this notice the treaty terminated upon the 5th day of June, 1876. That government has invited negotiations towards the conclusion of t* new treat}'. By the Act of Congress of March 23, 1874, the President was authorized, m heu he should receive satisfactory informa tion that the Ottoman Government, or that of Egypt, had organized new tribunals likely to secure to citizens of the United States the same impartial justice enjoyed under the ex ercise of judicial functions by diplomatic ana consular officers of the United States, to sus pend the operation of the Act of June 22d, 18(H), and to accept for citizens of the United States the jurisdiction of the new tribunals. Satisfactory information having been re ceived of the organization of such new tri bunals in Egypt, I caused a proclamation to he issued on the 27th of March, last, suspending the operation of the Act of June, 1860, in Egypt, according to the provisions of the Act. A copy ot the proclamation accom panies this message. The United States has united M ith other Powers in the organization of these courts. It is hoped the jurisdiction questions which have arisen may he readily adjusted, and that this evidence, injudicial there, may he hindered by no obstacles. The necessary legislation to carry into effect the conditions respecting a commercial reciprocity treaty concluded with the Ha waiian Islands in 1875 having been had, a proclamation to carry into effect a conven tion, as provided by an Act approved August 15, 1876, w as duly issued upon Tuesday, — of September last. A copy thereof accom panies this Message. MEXICO. The commotions which have been preva lent in Mexico for some time past,and which, unhappily, seem to be not yet wholly quieted, have led to complaints of citizens of the United States of injuries by persons in au thority. It is hoped, however, that these will ultimately he settled to the satisfaction of both governments. The frontier of the it to in of of is United States in that quarter has not been exempt from acts ot violence by citizens of one republic to those of the other. The frequency of these is supposed to be increased and their adjustment made more difficult by considerable changes in the course of the lower part of the Rio Glande river, which liver is u part ot the boundary' between the two countries. These changes have placed on either side of the river portions of land, which by the existing convention belong to the jurisdiction of the government on the op posite side of the river. The subject of ad justment of this cause of difficulty is under consideration between the two republics. AWARD RAID. The Government of the United States of Colombo has paid the aw'ard in the case of the steamer Moutijo, seized by the authorities of that government some years since, and the amount has been transferred to the claimants. UNITED STATES ANI) MEXICAN CLAIMS. It is with satisfaction that I am able to an nounce that the joint commission for adjust ment of claims between the United States and Mexico under the convention of 1868, the duration of which has been several times extended, has brought its labors to a close. From the report of the United States, which accompanies the papers transmitted herewith, it will he seen that w'ithiu the time limited by the commission, one thousand and seventeen claims on the part of citizens of the United States against Mexico were referred to the commission. As to these claims 831 were dismissed or disallowed, and in 186 cases awards were made in favor of the claimants against the Mexican Republic, amounting in the aggregate to $4,125,022 20. Within the same periVxl 908 claims on the part of citizens of the Mexican Republic against the United States were referred to the commissioner of the daims; 831 were dismissed and disal lowed, and in 157 cases awards wee made in favor of the claimants against the United States, amounting in the aggregate to $15.049,841. By the terms of the conven tion the amount of these awards is to be de ducted from the amount awarded in favor of our citizens. I invite your attention to the legislation which will he necessary to pro vide for the payment. In this connection 1 am pleased to he able to express the acknowledgments due to Sir Edward Thornton, the Umpire of the Com mission, who has given to the consideration of a large number of claims submitted to him much time, unwearied patience, and that fairness and intelligence which are well known to belong to the accomplished repre sentative of Great Britain, and which are likewise iecognized by the representatives in this country of the Republic of Mexico. VENEZUELA. Monthly payments of a very small part of the amount due by the Government of Ven ezuela to citizens of the United States, on account of the claims of the latter against that Government, continue to he made with reasonable punctuality. That Government has proposed to change the system which it has hitherto pursued in this respect, by issu ing bonds for part of the amount of the sev eral claims. This proposition, however, could not, it is supposed, properly he accept ed—at least, not without the consent of the holders of certificates of indehtednes of Ven ezuela. These are so much dispersed that it WOUlU t)C difficult, IT U<n imiiUMiuv, v« »cvi.. taiu their disposition on the subject. CITIZENSHIP. In former messages I have called the atten tion.of Congress to the necessity of legisla tion with regard to fraudulent naturaliza tion, and to the subject of expatriation and the election of nationality. The numbers of persons of foreign birth seeking a home in the United States, and the ease aud facility with which the honest emigrant may, after the lapse of a reasonable time, become pos sessed of all the privileges of citizenship of the United States, and the frequent occasion with which such adopted citizens are induced to return to the country of their birth, ren der the subject of naturalization, and the safeguards which experience has proved necessary for the protection of the honest naturalized citizens, of paramount im portance. The very simplicity in the requir ment of the law on this question affords op portunity for fraud, and the want of uni formity in the proceedings and records of the various courts and in the forms of the certifi cates of naturalization issued afford a con stant source of difficulty. I suggest no addi tional requirements to the acquisition of citi zenship beyond those now existing, but I in vite the earnest attention of Congress to the necessity and wisdom of some provision re garding uniformity in the records and certifi cates, and providing against the frauds which frequently take place, and for vacating a re cord of naturalization obtained by fraud. These provisions are needed to aid in the protec tion of honest citizens of foreign birth, and for want of this he is made to suffer. Not unfrequently the United States has insisted upon the right of expatriation, and has ob tained after a long struggle an admission of the principle contended for by acquiescence therein on the part of many foreign powers, and by the conclusion of treaties on that sub ject. It is, however, hut justice to the gov ernment to which such naturalized citizeus have formerly ow r ed allegiance, as well as to the United States, that certain fixed and defi nite rules should he adopted governing such cases, providing bow expatriation may be accomplished. While emigrants in large numbers become citizens of the United States, it is also true that persons both native horn and naturalized, once citizens of the United States, either by formal acts or as the effect of a series of facts and circumstances, aban don their citizenship and cease to he entitled to the protection of the United States, but continue on convenient occasions to as sert a claim to protection in the absence of provisions on these questions. And in this connection I again invite your attention to the necessity of legislation con cerning the marriages of American citizens contracted abroad, and concerning the status of American women who may marry for eigners, and of children born of American parents in a foreign country. The delicate and complicated questions continually occur ring with reference to naturalization, expa triation, and the status of such persons as I have above referred to, induce me to earn estly direct your attention again to these sub jects. In like manner I repeat my recom mendation that some means be provided for the hearing and determination of the just and subsisting claims of aliens upon the Govern ment of the United States within a reasonable limitation of such as may hereafter arise. While, by existing provisions of law, the Court of Claims may be resorted to by an alien claimant, the absence of any general provisions governing all each cases and want of tribunals skilled in the disposition of such cases upon recognized, fixed, and settled of it the to the the yet and the in ly the of by to of of by in of of to to it principles, either provide no remedy in many deserving cases, or compels a consideration of such claims by Congress or the Executive Departments of the Government. It is be lieved that other governments are in advance of the United States upon this question, hut that the practice now adopted is entirely satisfactory. ADMISSION ON COLORADO. Congress, by act approved the 3rd of March, 1875, authorized the inhabitants of the Territory of Colorado to form a State government with the name of the State ol Colorado, aud therein provided for the ad mission of said State, when formed, into the Union upon an equal footing with the origi nal States. A constitution having been adopted and ratified by the people of that State, and the Acting Governor having certified tome the facts as provided by said act, together with a copy of such constitu tion and ordinances as provided for in said act, and the provisions of said act of Con gress having been complied with, I issued a proclamation upon the 1st of August last, a copy of which is hereto annexed. TIIE ARMY. The report of the Secretary of War shows that the army has been actively employed during the year in subduing, at the request of the Indian Bureau, certain wild bands of the Sioux Indian nation, and in preserving peace at the South during election. A commission constituted under the act of July 24, 1876, to consider and report on the subject of the reform and reorganization of the whole army in August last, has collected a large mass of statistics aud opinions bearing on the sub ject before it,, which are now under consid eration, and a report is progressing. 1 am advised though by the President of the Com mission that it will he impracticable to com ply with the clause of the act requiring the report to he presented through me to Con gress on the first day of this session, as there has not yet been time for that mature deliberation which the importance of the sub ject demands. Therefore, I ask that the time of making a report he extended to the 29th day of January, 1877, in accordance with the resolution of August 15, 1876. The army regulations prepared under the act of March 1, 1875, have not been promulgated, hut are held until after the report of the above mentioned commission shall have been re ceived and acted upon. By the act of August 15, 1876, the cavalry force of the army w r as increased by 2,500 men, with a proviso that they should he discharged on the expiration of hostilities. On this authority the cavalry regiments have been strengthened, and a portion of them are now in the field pursuing the remnants of the Indians with whom they have been engaged during the summer. The estimates of the War Department are made upon the basis of the number of men author ized by law, and their requirements as show r n by yean of experience, and also with the purpose m the part of the bureau officers to provide for all contingencies that may arise during the time for which the estimates are madt% exclusive of engineers' estimates, pre sented in accordance with Acts of Congress calling for surveys and estimates for improve ments at various localities. The estimates now presented are about six millions in ex cess of the appropriations for the years 1874-5 and 1875-6. This increase is asked in order to provide for increased cavalry forces suouiu »w— »orvjces be necessary, and to prosecute economical v,^ rk upon important public buildings, to provide for armament of fortifications and manufacture of ama.ll arms, and to replenish the M-orking stock in the supply department. The appropri ations for these last named have for the past ten years been so limited that the accumulations in store will be entirely ex lmusted during the present year, and it w'ill he necessary to at once begin to replenish them. I invite your special attention to the following recommendations of the Secretary of War: 1. That the claims under the act of July 4th, 1864, for supplies taken by the army during the war he removed from the offices of Quartermaster and Commissary Generals and transferred to the Southern Claims Commission. These claims are of precisely a similar nature to those now before the Southern Claims Commission, and the War Department bureaus have not the cleri cal force for their examination, nor proper machinery for investigating the loyalty of the claims. 2. That Congress sanction the scheme of an annuity fund for the benefit of the fam ilies of deceased officers, and that it also pro vide for a permanent organization of the regular service, both of which M ere recom mended in my last annual message. 3. That the manufacturing operations of The Ordnance Department he concentrated at three arsenals and an armory, and that the remaining arse nals he sold and the proceeds applied to this object by the Ordnance Department. a of is HIVER AND HARBOR APPROPRIATIONS. The appropriations for river and harbor improvements for the current year were $5, 015,000. With my approval, the Secretary of War directed that of this amount $2,000, 000 should he expended, and no new works should be begun and none prosecuted which were not ot national importance. Subse quently this amount m t hs increased $2,237,600, and works are now progressing on this basis. The improvement of the South Pass of the Mississippi river, tinder James B. Eads and his associates,is progressing favorably. At the present time there is a channel of 20 3-10 feet depth between the jetties at the month of the Pass, 18£ feet at the head of the pass. Neither channel, however, has the width re quired before payments can he made by tiie United States. A commission of engineer officers is now examining these works, and their reports will he presented a9 soon as re ceived. THE NAVJT. The report ot the Secretary of the Navy shows that branch of the service to be in a condition as effective as it is possible to keep it with the means and appropriations given the department. It h of course impossible to compare the costly md progressive estab lishments of the Great European Powers with the old material of cur navy, to which no increase has been authorized since the war, except the eight small cruisers built to supply the place of others which had gone to decay, yet the most has been done that was possible with the means at command. By substan tially rebuilding some of our old ships with durable material, and completing, repairing and refitting our monitor fleet, tiie navy has been gradually so brought up that though it does not maintain its relative position with the progressive navies of the world, it is now in a condition more powerful and effective than it ever has been in time of peace. The complete repairs of our five ironclads are on ly delayed on account of the inadequacy of the appropriations made last year for the working bureaus, of the Department, which were actually less in amount than those made before the war, notwithstanding the greatly enhanced price of labor and materials, and increase in the cost of naval service growing out of the universal use and great expense or steam machinery. The amount necessary for these repairs should he provided at once, that they may be completed without further unnecessary delay and expense. When this is done, all the strength there is in the navy will he developed and useful to its full capac ity, and all M ill he powerful for the purpose ot defence, and also for offensive action, should a necessity for that arise, within a reasonable distance from our shores. The fact that our navy is not more modern and powerful than it is, has been made a cause of complaint against the Secretary of the Navy by persons who at the same time criticise and nf hie pnHpavnrs tn hrinir the navv complain of his endeavors to bring the navy that we have to its best and most efficient condition, but the good sense of the country will understand that it is really due to his practical action that we have at this time any effective naval force at command. POSTAL EXPENDITURES. The report of the Postmater General shows the excess of expenditures, excluding expen ditures on account of the previous year over receipts for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1876, to he $4,151,988.66. Estimated expen ditures for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1878, $36,723,432.43. Estimated revenue for the same period is $30,645,765, leaving an estimated excess of expenditures to he appro priated as a deficiency of $5,078,267.43. The Postmaster General, like his predecessor, is convinced that a change in the basis of ad justing the salaries of postmasters of the fourth class is necessary for the good of the service, as well as for the interests of the Government, and urgently recommends that the compensation of the class of postmasters above mentioned be based upon the amount of business of their respective offices as ascer tained, from the sworn returns to the Aud tors. of stamps cancelled. A few postmasters in the Southern States have expressed great apprehension of their personal safety on account of their connec tion with the postal service, and have special ly requested that their reports of apprehended danger should not he made public lest it should result iu the loss of their lives. But no positive testimony of interference has been submitted, except in case of a mail mes senger at Spartansburg, in South Carolina, w'ho reported that he had been violently driven away while in charge of the mails, ou account ot his political affiliations. The assistant superintendent of railway mail ser vice investigated this case, and reported that the messenger had disappeared from his post leaving his work to be performed by a sub stitute. The Postmaster General thinks this case is sufficiently suggestive to justify him in recommending that a more severe punish ment should be provided for the offence of assaulting any person in charge of mails, or of retarding or otberM'ise obstructing them by threats of personal injury A very gratifying result is presented is the fact that the deficiency in this Department during the last fiscal year was reduced to $4,081,790 18, as against $6,169,938 88 of the preceding year. The difference can be traced to the large increase of its ordinary receipts, which greatly exceeded the estimates therefor, and a slight increase in its expendi tures. Ordinary receipts of the Post Office Department for the past fiscal years have increased at an average rate of over eight per cent, per annum, while the increase of expenditure for the same period has been about ö.GO per cent, per annum, and the decrease of the deficiency iu the revenues has been at the rate of nearly two per cent, per annum. the the act the of AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. The report of the Commissioner of Agri culture accompanying this message will he found of the greatest interest, making us it does the great progress in the last century in a variety of products of the soil, the increased knowledge and skill iu the labor of produc ing, saving aud manufacturing the same to prepare them for the use of man ; in the im provements of machinery to aid the agricul turalist in his labors, and a knoMiedge of the scientific subjects necessary to a Thorough system of economy in agricultural produc tions, namely: Chemistry, botany, etymology, etc. A study of this report by those inter ested in agriculture and deriving their sup port from it, will find it of value in pointing out those articles which are raised in greater quantity than the needs of the world require, and must sell therefore for less than the cost of production, and those which command profit over cost of production, because there is not an over production. I call special at tention to the need of the department for a new gallery forthe reception of the exhibits re turned from the Centennial Exhibition,includ ing exhibits donated by very many foreign na tions, and to the recommendations of the Commissioner of Agriculture generally. MISCELLANEOUS REPORTS. The reports of the District Commissioners and the Board of Health are ju9t received, too late to read them and to make recommen dations thereon, and are herewith submit ted. THE INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION.. The International Exhibtion, held this year in Philadelphia in commemoration of the Hundredth Anniversary of American Independence, has proven a great success aud will no doubt be of enduring advantage to the country. It has shown great progress in the arts and sciences and mechanical skill made in a single century, and demonstiated that we are hut little behind the older nations in any one branch, while in some we scarcely have a rival. It has served not only to bring people and products of skill and labor from all parts of the world together, but in bring ing together people from all sections of our own country, which must prove a great benefit in the information imparted and pride of country engendered. It has been suggested by scientists interested in and connected M'ith the Smithsonian Institute, in a communication herewith transmitted, that the government exhibit be removed to the Capital, and a suitable building erected or purchased for its accommodation, as a perma nent exhibit. I earnestly recommend this, and believing that Congress would second this view, I directed that all government ex hibits at the Centennial Exhibition should re main where they are except such as might be injured by remaining in a building not intended as a protection against inclement weather, or such as may be wanted by the department furnishing them, until the ques tion of permanent exhibition is acted upon. Although the moneys appropriated by Con gress to enable the participation of the seve ral executive departments in the Interna tional Exhibition of 1876 were not sufficient to carry out the undertaking to the full ex tent at first contemplated, it gives me pleas ure to refer to the very efficient and creditable manner in which these several departments, 6, ing the a in the endeavor to provide an exhibition on the part of the government, have discharged their duties Mith the funds placed at 1 heir command, without a precedent to guide tiiem in the preparation of such a display.— The success of their labors was amply at tested by the sustained attention which the contents of the Government Building attract ed during the period of the exhibition, from both foreign and native people. I am strong ly impressed wiili the value of the collection made by Government for the purposes of the exhibition, illustrating as it does the general resources of the country, the statistical and practical evidences ot our growth as anation, and the uses of the mercantile arts and the applications of applied science in the admin istration of the affairs of government. Many nations have voluntarily contributed their exhibits to the United States to increase the interest in any permanent exhibition Con gress may provide for. For this act of gen erosity they should receive the thanks of the people, and I respectfully suggest that a reso lution of Congress to that effect be adopted. THE ELECTION OK PRESIDENT. The attention of Congress cannot be too earnestly called to the necessity of throwing some greater safeguard over the method of choosing aud declaring the election of President. Under the present system there seems to he no provided remedy for contesting the election in any one State. The remedy is partly, no doubt, in the en lightenment of electors. The compulser}' sup port of free school, and the disfranchise ment of all who cannot read and write the English language after a fixed probation, would meet my hearty approval. I would not make this apply, however, to those al ready voters, hut I would to all becoming so after the expiration of the probation fixed upon. Foreigners coming to the country to become citizens who are educated in their own language, would acquire the requisite knowledge of ours during the necessary resi dence to obtain naturalization. If they did not take enough interest in our language to acquire sufficient knowledge of it to enable them to study the institutions and laws of the country intelligently, I would not confer upon them the right to make such law's, nor to select those M'ho do. ADMINISTRATIVE EVENTS. 1 append to this message for conven ient reference, a synopsis of admini strative events and of all the recom mendations to Congiess made by me dur ing the past seven years. Time may show some of these recommendation» not to have been wisely conceived, hut I boUttfe tne larger part will he no discredit to the admin istration. One of these recommendations met with the united opposition of one politi cal party in the Senate, and with a strong op position from the other, namely : the treaty for the annexation of Santa Domingo to the United States,to which I shall specially refer, maintaining as I do that if ray view's had been concurred iu, the country would be in a more prosperous condition to-day, both po litically and financially. Santa Domingo is fertile, and upon its soil may be growm just those tropical products of which the United States use so much, and which are produced or prepared for market now' by slave labor almost exclusively, namely : Sugar, coffee, dye woods, mahogany, tropical fruits, tobac co, etc. About seventy-five per cent, of the exporta of Cuba are consumed in the United States. A large percentage of the exports of Brazil also find the same market. These are paid for almost exclusively in coin, legislation, particularly in Cuba, being un favorable to a mutual exchange of the pro duct of each country- Flour shipped from the Mississippi river to Havana can pass by the very entrance to that city on its way to a pos session of Spain, then pays a duty fixed upon these articles, to be re-exported, transferred to a Spanish vessel, and brought back almost to the point of starting, paying a second duty, and still leave a profit over what would be received by direct shipment. All that is produced in Cuba could be produced in Santa Domingo, and being a part of the United States, commerce between the island and the main land would he free; there would be no export duties on her shipments nor import duties on those coming here, and there would be no import duties upon the supplies, ma chinery, etc., going from the States. The effect that would have been produced upon Cuban commerce, with these Cuban commerce, with these advantages to rival, is observable at a glance. The Cuban juestion w'ould have been settled long ago in lavor of a free Cuba, and hundreds of American vessels would now 7 he advantage ously used in transporting the valuable woods, and other products of the soil of the island, to a market, and iu carrying supplies and emigrants to it. The island is hut sparsely settled, while it has an area sufficient tor the profitable employment of several mil lions of people. The soil would soon have fallen to the hands of United States capital ists. The products are so valuable in com merce that emigration there would have been encouraged. The emancipated race of the South would have fouud there a congenial home, where their civil rights would not he disputed, and where their labor w'ould he much sought after. The poorest among them could have found the means to go. Thus in cases of great oppression and cruelty, such as has been practiced upon them in many places within the last eleven years, whole communities would have sought re fuge in Santa Domingo. I do not suppose the whole race would have gone, nor is it desir able tnat they should go. Their labor is desir able, indispensable almost, where they now are, hut possession of the territory would have left negroes masters of the situation, by enabling them to demand their rights at home on pain of sending them elsewhere. I do not present 'hese views now as a recommendation of the renewal of the subject of annexation, but I refer to it to vindicate my previous action in regard to it. With the present Congress my official life terminates. It is not probable that public affairs will ever again receive attention from me further than as a citizen of the Republic, always taking a deep interest in the honor' integrity and prosperity of the whole land [Signed] U. 8. GRANT. Executive Mansion, Washington. D. C., December 6, 1876. Tl»e Republican Electoral Majority in Florida Increased to 47. New York, December 3.— The Times' Tallahassee special says the official returns from Dade county have arrived and were an nounced by the chairman of the Returning Board as 9 for Hayes and 5 for Tilden, mak ing the total majority for the Republican electoral ticket in the State, 47 on the face of the returns. One precinct of Dade was thrown out by the countv canvassers for ir regularity, but it gave Hayes 5 majority.