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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
R. E. FISE.......................... THURSDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1870. KLEtTOKAL VOTE CAST—HAY ES ELECTED. Thirty days have passed since the nation voted for its next President, and yesterday the several Electoral Boards met in the Cap itals of their respective States and executed the people's will, and designated the choice tor President. Louisiana remained the only doubtful State almost to the last. Even on the face of the returns, South Carolina and Florida, it was found, had voted for Hayes. In Louisiana the face of the returns would have elected Democrats, but the Returning Board, exercising its constitutional and un doubted right, did not accept the face of the returns, but for ample reasons rejected such returns as were tainted with fraud, and de clared the result as every candid and honest man in the country knew it ought to be, and had been cast, if fairly taken and counted. The news this morning, following that an nounced yesterday, that the Republican elec tors had received certificates, assures us these electors cast the vote of that State on yester day for Hayes and Wheeler. The Governor of Oregon, we learn, has attempted a diver sion of part of the vote of that State, and given a certificate of election to one Demo cratic elector, who, not being recognized by the Republicans, went off and organized by himself and "got in" his vote for Tilden. But the two Republicans, after accepting the resignation of Watts, the Postmaster who was elected while disqualified, re-appointed him, as they had the right to do, and cast the full vote for Hayes and Wheeler. We have no concern either about which set of returns are best entitled to consideration and will be counted from that State. There will be some dispute over the pro priety and regularity of several individual electoral votes, but on this feature of the case there are more Demecratic votes than Repub lican that are open to contest. We expect the States will be counted entire as cast, whether Democratic or Republican. The real turning point was Louisiana, and with the decision from that State we regard the Presidential question as settled, and that the inauguration of Hayes and Wheeler will occur in March next with the certainty of fate. There are very few men of any party in the country now, who are not fully satisfied that the counting of the votes is a matter wholly in the hands of the President of the Senate—that neither House has any right or shadow of claim to interfere in the least. History shows that the result of the first elec tion held under the constitution was declared by the President of the Senate, who without the aid even of tellers appointed by the Houses, himself opened the returns, counted the votes and declared the result, without any suggestion of aid or interference. And Chancellor Kent, one of the ablest expoun ders of the Constitution has declared that the part to be performed by the two Houses is no more than that of mere spectators. We shall of course regret to see any distur bance or blood shed, but we expect that Hayes and Wheeler will be inaugurated nevertheless, and if any armed or violent interference is attempted, it will be sum marily punished. Though there ha3 up to yesterday been room and reason for doubt, we do not consider that there is any longer a shadow of doubt that it will be declared, when the proper day comes, that Hayes and Wheeler have received 185 electoral votes, which being a majority of all the votes cast, they will be declared duly elected President and Vice-President of the United States. Y om illations sent, to the Semite. . Washington, December 7.—The President sent the following nominations to the Senate to day : Hiram Knowles to be Associate Judge of the Supreme Court of Montana, and Chas. Redfield to be Receiver of Public Moneys at Colfax, Washington Territory. New Mexico Republican. Denver, Colorado. December 6.— A San ta Fe New Mexico dispatch says : The of ficial canvass of votes polled in New Mexico at the recent election give Romero, (Rep.) for Congress, 9,591 ; Valdez, (Dem.) 7,418. Romero's majority 2,173. Southern Committees. Washington, December 5. —The Speaker announced as select committees on Louisiana, Morrison, Jenks, McMahon, Lynde, Black burn, Meade, House, Phelps, New, Ross, Townsend (Pa), Sanford. Hurlbut (111), Crasso and Joyce. On Florida, Thompson, Deholt, Walling, Hopkins, Garfield, and Dunnell. On South Carolina, Cochrane was appointed, vice Stinger, excused. McCREARY'» RESOLUTION. Before the day arrives for the President of the Senate to count the electoral votes, we presume there will be many attempts to pro vide for emergencies expected to arise. McCreary's Resolution is one of this nature. It sees a danger and is groping in search of a remedy. But it is clear to us that the danger is beyond power of cure or control by any joint resolution or legislative action of any kind on the part of Congress. The defect is in the Constitution itself, which, while attempting to provide for the case, does so only partially and very defectively. But the trouble is where it can only be reached by constitutional amendment, and that could not be effected in time for the present emergency, even was the public mind in condition to act wisely on the sub ject. But just here is another insuperable difficulty. While the body politic is labor ing under such acute inflamatiou, it is im possible to think clearly and calmly, or judge wisely of the ways and means of reaching or the consequences of any proposed amend ment. We do not expect any one measure alone will cover the case. There is trouble to be met all along the way. The elective fran chise, on which everything depends, nfiist be more clearly limited and more sacredly guarded. Betting on elections should be pre vented. Buying, bribing, or any improper solicitation of votes should be prevented. It would, without doubt, be best to require at least enough intelligence in a voter to read and write the English language. No one in a con dition of intoxication should be allowed to vote. The power of granting naturalization should be confined to fewer tribunals and protected against the possibility of fraud. For crimes against the right of franchise, the guilty should be deprived of their right to vote, subject to a chance of restoration of the rights of citizenship after a certain time, on proof of good behavior. But after all has been done that is so evidently needed to guard the purity of the ballot, all will be in vain unless equal care is taken to protect the ballot after it is cast against being abstracted, miscounted, and the result being falsely de clared. In the last stage, too, there is need of some tribunal to decide disputed elections, to try alleged frauds, to correct errors and disclose the true result. We have no such tribunal at present, either state or national. Legislative bodies claim the right to decide upon the election of its own members, but when party spirit runs high, even a decent respect for the formalities of law are not observed. Whichever party happens to be in the as cendancy, favors the claim ot those of its own political faith. It is almost like ap pointing a man to be judge in his own case. It is not an impartial tribunal, nor generally a very intelligent tribuual. The body is gen erally so large that individual responsibility is lost sight of, and all vote together, to do what no one would vote singly with the weight of personal responsibility resting on himself alone. So long as we have political parties, and that will probably be as long as our institutions stand, the same objection will always hold good against any political tribunal. Its decisions may be acquiesced in as preferable to revolution or bloodshed, but the decisions of such tribunals never can command respect. What we need in every State, and for the nation full a9 much, is a non-political tri bunal, the members of which should hold their positions for life on good behavior, who should become ineligible to any office and be deprived of the right to vote so long as hold ing that position. The object should be to get men above suspicion and above tempta tion, as well as beyond the reach of political prejudices. Perhaps this end might be se cured by conferring this judicial trust upon the three oldest of the Judges of the Supreme Court. The only objection to this that pre sents itself to our mind is the fact that in many States the judges are elective. It is not only essential to have a tribunal that could inspire confidence for wisdom, integ rity and experience, nut separated entirely or as much as possible from recent affiliation with [any political party. Any attempt to create a tribunal that can favor one party more than another will be labor thrown away. After the present controversy has passed away we would not despair to see all parties unite in some such scheme. At present it is folly to seriously consider it, much more to hope it could be completed in time to serve us for the crisis at hand. Chances in Committees. Washington, December G. —The principal changes in membership of the Senate com mittees are those caused by the resignation of Senator Morrill and the death of Senator Caperton. Windom becomes chairman of the Committee on Appropriations, vice Mor rill, and Blaine is made a member of this committee and also of the Committee on Naval Affairs, of which Secretary Morrill was a member. Dawes is assigned to the place vacated by Morrill on the Indian Com« mittee. Boutwell retires from the Committee on Commerce and from the special committee to examine the several branches of the Civil Service, Dawes taking his place on the former, and Harvey succeeding him as chair man of the latter. Mitchell, of Oregon, is marie chairman of the Committee on Trans portation Routes to the Seaboard, vice Win dom, who resigned, but retains his place on Claims of Railroads and of Revision of Laws Committees. Chaffee is placed on Territor ies, Patents, and Mines and Mining, and Teller on Claims and Pensions. THE l'RICE OFFERED FOR TREASON. Mr. Hewitt meant business when he sum moned those eminent Democratic "Reform ers" to proceed to Louisiana. The necessary appliances, as was supposed, were immedi ately brought to bear to secure for Tilden the one electoral vote required to make him President. The field was carefully scanned, and Judge Levissee, a native Louisianian, was singled out as the Republican elector whom it was believed would most readily respond to overtures to betray his high trust and sell himself for a price. A round one hundred thousand dollars was offered if he would vote for Tilden, or cast a ballot for Blaine or Grant, which would amount to the same thing, as in the latter event the election would be thrown into the Democratic House, where Tilden would be declared President in a jiffy. But the Democratic "Reformers" mistook their man. The bribe, big as it was, was no temptation to the true-hearted, incor ruptible Louisianian. He was one of the few men of his State loyal to the country in the time of rebellion, and his loyalty to the great party which saved the country remains stead fast and unshaken to-day. *But that Levissee was not corrupted and made to betray his party was no fault of the "Reformers" in the interest of Tilden, who sought by the most potent of their weapons used in the re cent political struggle to bring that about. The Republicans are the saviors, not the des troyers, of the Republic. In their ranks are no assassins to strike at its life, nor Arnolds to betray it. Thank God, the safety, the honor of the nation survives, and Hayes will see to its perpetuity. HAYE HAD A PLENTY. Dispatches inform us that Ben Hill in formed Wood and others, in the Democratic caucus, that thp South had had plenty of re bellion, and he proposed now that those who were so fierce to call for it should undertake to carry it on. There was truth and solemn earnestness in what Hill said, and we fancy something of sarcasm, bearing in mind the brave threats made by Northern Democrats before Lincoln was inaugurated, and the Southern hopes, based thereon, followed to an early grave. There has been a marked change in the tone of Southern Representa tives in Congress since the war. They no longer deal in bluster and bullying and threats. They know that, though slow to wrath, the North can and will fight. Sherman's march to the sea lay through Georgia. Without a doubt the South has had enough of rebellion. Shooting negroes, or walloping them into the support of the Democratic ticket, is something they are used to and willing to perform for the success of the National Dem ocratic ticket, but when you mention rebel lion, with such leaders as Grant, Sherman and Sheridan still living, and hundreds of thou sands of trained soldiers at their back, or ready to spring at their call, this thought creates a nausea at once, and we are glad that the mouth-pieces of these political blath erskites were spiked for once. Let Fernando Wood go home to his constituency, the draft rioters of 1863, and preach his doctrines. He could find plenty of followers for any crime that he might propose. But let those who don't want to fight keep their mouths shut about it. Such is Hill's recommendation to Northern Democrats, and he knows what he is talking about, and means what he says. We have a man of few words but many deeds at the head of the nation, and though our army is small it could grow to half a million at a day's notice. So these represent atives of the foreign districts of New York city might as well keep quiet and listen to reason. The Republicans want only what is right, and that they will have, cost what it may. ______ THE BROOKLYN HORROR. One of the most appalling tragedies that ever shocked the heart of our people was that which occurred in Brooklyn a few nights since. Over three hundred human beings were cruelly slaughtered in a few moments. The coroner's jury has not yet rendered its verdict to show where the criminality rests, but there is a fearful weight of it that rests somewhere, and that should be placed where it belongs without any attempts at screening any one. The dead cannot be restored to life, but the occasion can be improved to pre vent other similar disasters. Two great de fects are evident at the outset. There was insufficient egress, and the ceiling was com posed of painted canvas that took fire at once, and enveloped the living mass beneath in a shroud of flame so suddenly that life was ex tinct before time for escape was allowed. How is it, too, that there was no apparatus ready for instant use to extinguish fire, with some one at hand to put it to work. Those who invite the attendance of 9uch assem blages should be held responsible to a certain extent for their safety. After all the fearful lessons heretofore given, it is a still greater crime that such a death-trap as this Brooklyn theatre existed anywhere in the world. Have they no inspectors of public buildings in King's Courts to stand between the greed of property owners and the exposed public. Any building where such an accident is possible to happen ought to be torn down or closed up. Such inflamable drapery ought never to be tolerated in any public building. These painted illusions are easily converted into the most fatal realities. Shall this awful sacrifice be accounted an inscruta ble Providence or a hideous crime for which some one is responsible and ought to be ex emplarily punished. THE ELECTORAL COUNT. Kansas. Topeka, (Kas.,) December G.—The Elec toral College voted for Hayes and Wheeler. Louisiana. New Orleans, (La.,) December G.—The Electors voted solid for Hayes and W heeler to-day. Maine. Augusta, (Maine,) December G. —The Maine Electoral College voted for Hayes and Wheeler. Minnesota. St. Paul, (Minn.,) December G. —The 5 Minnesota Electors voted for Hayes and Wheeler. New Hampshire. Concord, (N. H.,) December G.—The Electoral Colleges cast their votes for Hayes and Wheeler. Wisconsin. Madison, (Wis.,) December G— The Elec toral College to-day cast 10 votes for Hayes and Wheeler. Illinois. Springfield, (111.,) December G.—The Illi nois Electoral College cast her 21 votes to day for Hayes and Wheeler. Massachusetts. Boston, (Mass.,) December 6.—The Elec toral College of this State cast a unanimous vote for Hayes and Wheeler. Rhode Island. Providence, (R. I.,) December 6.—The Presidential Electors met to-day and cast 4 votes for Hayes and Wheeler. Colorado. Denver, (Col.,) December G.—The Presi dential Electors for Colorado met here to-day and cast their votes for Hayes and Wheeler, and appointed Otto Mears messenger. Ohio. Columbus, (Ohio,) December 6.—The Ohio Electors assembled at the Senate Chamber at 12 o'clock and cast their 22 votes for Hayes and Wheeler. Benj. F. Wade was unani mously chosen as messenger to carry the official notification of the result of the vote to Washington. South Carolina. Columbia, (S. C.,) December G.—The Hayes Electoral College met at noon and cast seven votes for R. B. Hayes for President and seven votes for W. A. Wheeler for Vice President. C. C. Bowen was chosen presi dent of the college. Oregon. San Francisco, (Cal.,) December G.--Later advices from Salem, Oregon, confirm the re port that the Governor issued certificates to O'Dell and Cartwright, Republicans, and Cronin, Democrat. The latter declined to show his authority at the meeting of the Elec tors, and the Republicans refused to recog nize him. Cronin then elected Jno. T. Miller and John Parker, Republicans, Electors, and proceeded himself to cast the vote, two for Hayes and one for Tilden. The Republicans or ganized, Watts resigned, and was at once re elected, and the votes were cast for Hayes and Wheeler, which, with their sworn state ment and copies of the abstract of votes cast in the State, certified to by the Secretary of State with the seal attached, were sealed and sent on. Intense excitement prevails. An out break was expected by many, who went to the State House prepared for any emergency. The Republicans are holding an indignation meeting this evening. Vermont. Montpelier, (Vt.,) December G. -Aldrich, contesting elector, appeared this morning with counsel before the Electoral College. The counsel informed the College that Aid rich wished to take part in the deliberations and protest against Henry N. Sollace taking part. Roswell Farnham objected to hearing outside parties, and the college proceeded to ballot. Aldrich offered his votes for Tilden and Hendricks, but they were refused. The 3 votes were declared for Hayes and Wheeler. Aldrich calied the special attention of the chairman to the fact that he offered his vote. George Nicholls was appointed messenger to carry the votes to the Piesident of the Senate. The college refused to hear anything from counsel for Aldrich and adjourned. Aldrich submitted a protest to the electors of Ver mont against the action of the board in per mitting Sollace to vote and excluding him from voting. Aldrich asked Nichols to carry his vote to Washington and was refused. He then appointed himself messenger and signed his own certificate of votes, which was in common form, and gave Nichols notice that he should go to Washington at the same time he did and present his votes and fight it out in Congress. Aldrich has not been sworn in as an elector. Arkansas. Little Rock, (Ark.,) December 6.—The Electors voted for Tilden and Hendricks. Delaware. Wilmington, (Del.,) December G.—The Electors voted for Tilden and Hendricks. Indiana. Indianapolis, (Ind.,) December G.—The State Electors voted Tilden and Hendricks. Connecticut. Hartford, (Conn.,) December G.—The Electoral College voted for Tilden and Hen dricks. Maryland. Annapolis, (Md.,) December 6.—' The vote of the Electoral College was for Tilden and Hendricks. Alabama. Montgomery, (Ala.,) December G.—The Democratic Electors met to-day and voted for Tilden and Hendricks. Missouri. St. Louis, (Mo.,) December G.— The Elec toral College voted for Tilden and Hendricks. Frost was represented by an alternate, and Conway, Republican Elector, offered his cer tificate, which was tabled. New York. Albany, (N. Y.,) December G.—The Elec- toral College voted for Tilden and Hendricks and then took a recess. At 12j o'clock the college reassembled, completed its work, and then adjourned. ---- «4 ---- FLORIDA. Republican doctoral Majority. B.'iO. Washington, December G. — The following dispatch was received this morning : Tallahassee, December G. To Hon. Zach. Chandler: Hayes' majority is 930; Stearns' majority three hundred less. Both the Republican Congressmen are elected. (Signed) W. E. CHANDLER. Chicago, December 0.—The Journal's Washington special says: Stearns telegraphs to Senator Conover, from Tallahassee, this afternoon, that the majority for the Hayes electors was 930, for State officers 540, and that both Congressmen are elected. The Board of Canvassers were unanimous. Washington, December 0.—The follow ing has j ust been received : Tallahassee, December G. The count is just finished. Hayes' major ity is 930. The Republicans elect the Gov ernor, Lieut.-Governor, and both Congress men. All quiet. LEW WALLACE. Florida Electoral Yote. Tallahassee, December 7. —A quo war ranto was issued and served on the Ilayes Electors yesterday before they cast their votes. Also, a bill of injunction was ob tained in behalf of Governor Drew against the members of the Canvassing Board, and the order granted restraining them from com pleting the canvass on the basis of the vote canvassed by a majority of the Board for Electors. Attorney-General W. A. Cocke, a member of the Canvassing Board, protested against the action of the board in certifying to the majority of votes in favor of the Hayes Electors, and denounced it as a criminal and gross falsification of the returns on file in the office of the Secretary of State. He also gave certificates of election to the Tilden Electors, stating therein that the returns on file can vassed by the board showed a clear majority for the Tilden and Hendricks Electors. The Democratic Electors met at the Capitoi in the office of the Attorney-General and cast the vote of the State according to lew. They also signed a petition to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, stat ting their legal election and praying thattky might be recognized as Electors. The Republican Electors ca9t their vote for Hayes and Wheeler, and C. H. Pearce, (colored) was selected as messenger to con vey the returns to Washington. Fiorina Canvassing Board. Tallahassee, December 8.—The Canvass ing Board concluded the canvass for Gover nor and members of Congress, with the fol lowing result, the Attorney-General refusing to sign the canvass : For Governor Stearns, 458 majority ; Lieutenant Governor Mont gomery, 304 majority. For Congress, Pur man, 275 majority; Bybe, 114 majority, all Republicans. .--— «. 4* —----- Slile Shows in Florida and Sonfli Caro lina. Savannah, (Ga.; December 6.—A Talla hassee special says : Cooke refused to sign the Hayes electors' certificates, and protested against the action of the other two members. He then issued certificates to the Democratic electors, who cast their vote for Tilden. Columbia, (S. C.,) December G. —The Democratic electors met at noon and cast the vote of the State for Tilden and Hendricks. Result in Louisiana Promulgated. Chicago, December 6.—The Pout's New Orleans special says : The Returning Board to-day promulgated the returns sent last night. The Republicans have majorities in both houses. McEnery, who still claims to be Governor, o-day issued a proclamation calling on the Democratic electors here to give the State to Tilden and Nichols. Democratic Slue »now oi Farce *nd t «*»»• « cdj In Iioiiisiana. New Orleans. December 6.— The Dem ocrats bearing certificates from McEnery voted for Tilden and Hendricks. Nicholls, proclaiming himself duly elected, issued an address to the people of Louisiana, counseling peace, complimenting them upon their forbearance, and expressing confidence in the final vindication of truth and justice. Quiet in Sonth Carolina-Oregon Kn*»» r Chicago, December G.—The Journal' Washington-Columbia dispatch, dated mid night, says : All is quiet. Chamberlain will be inaugurated at noon to-day. No trouble is anticipated. The report that the Governor of Oregoc would refuse two electors certificates, create an excitement and uneasiness among the Be publicans. An examination of the statute? shows that the remaining elector has a rig to fill the vacancy if declared, unless t 11 Governor declares that Tilden s elcctois elected. This would complicate matter Senator Mitchell contradicts the report a > ( ' 1 the action of the Governor of Oreg on __-r *» m Paying Back Elect*«»» Met* New York, December 8.—John M'>n — began paying back all money plai n ,!1 hands on the Presidential election t' M a -