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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
3. E. FISK...........................Editor. THIBSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1877. THE NEW YEAR. The opening year is usually dedicated to new resolutions, at least by those who have not lost faith in themselves and given up the fight. It is a convenient occasion for turn ing over new leaves, and we would not sa) the least word to discourage any one from so doing. Resolves will not stand alone, but will need constant watch and support all through the year. We have sometimes fancied that uttering a resolution or swearing to it, as we have known to be done, gave an independent self-existence to something that of t itself deserved respect and admiration, and that would be self-sustaining. Buch reso lutions have in themselves about as much substance and virtue as soap-bubbles. These look very fine when the sun-light transfuses them and makes them seem all goal and purple with rainbow hues. Such bubbles can be detached, and impelled by a favoring breath, will rise and soar away for a second in grand style. The first rude shock, how ever, cuds all their beauty. We hope the resolutions that our readers have formed for this New Year are not of that variety. It is not a very hard thing when a man wakes up from a spree with a parched tongue aud bursting headache, to resolve that he will never drink another drop of liquor as long as he lives. Poor fellow, if his mouth aud head would only feel so all the time to remind him of the pains and penalties of dissipation, perhaps he would keep his resolutions. Such resolutions made at such times are a sort of sop thrown to that old Cerberus, the conscience, which will often wake up and growl furiously, long after he is supposed sleeping his final sleep. So we simply wish to remind our readers that making resolutions and keeping them are very different matters. One only takes a minute, the other long, weary, watchful days and nights. Rut this is about the same rel ative value, as is the time and labor expended on each. To those who are novices in the business, we would sugges"; that it it is uot wise at first to make too many. Nor is it generally best to say much about them. Write them down in a diary that no one but yourself ever sees. Public possessions are sometimes good things to add further tone, and moral conduct after a fair start has been made. But it is a poor way to begin. Self respect and confidence are the first things needed to make a mau. When lost, they are the hardest things to win back. It would be almo. t as easy to begin life anew. Men, unconsciously to themselves, get fashioned into bundles of habits and are never aware of their bondage till they try to break away. So, having formed but few resolutions, and having modestly pledged one's best efforts to stand by them, we next advise such to keep out of those places and associations where temptations are most likely to he met, Aud even this is not enough. Provide something in the place as a counter irritant. Lay out the money you used to spend in the bondage of appetite, in good books and papers. Acquire a taste and am bition for semething higher and better. This will be the best security. The Egypt of Indiana is stout for Tilden, and is preparing to "resolute" to any extent at the Democratic convention called for the 8th of January at Indiauapolis. The following are some of the classic names of the towns of that cultivated region promising to send full delegations: Crowbait, Gabtovvn,Liekskillet, Polkpatch, Buckskin, Rear and Caarge, Shoe string, Babytown, Shanghai and Stretchet. Baltimore American . It must have been an amusing scene in the Democratic Caucus at Washington w'hen Henry Wattersou was speaking against impeaching the President as impolitic, to see Fernando Woad turn on him and demand if he had uot privately ad yised him (Wood) to introduce such a reso lution, and to see Watterson confess that he had. The removal of artillery and small arms from Jefferson Barracks, St. Louis, is evi dence to the New York World that the Government has a settled policy to disarm every Democratic city. The forcible inaugu. ration of Tilden, in consequence, is not so fiercely threatened as a few days ago. The loss of the ocean steamship Circassian, adds one more to the long list of marine dis asters, occurring during the past year. The Circassian went ashore in a blinding snow storm off Long Island. A salvage crew of twenty-nine men, employed in removing the cargo, perished in sight of hundreds of people who vainly tried to save. In each of four counties of Texas one Re publican vote, and one only, is returned. Georgia even beats that. The returns of seven counties fail to show a single Repub lican ballot. The vote in each county was the majority, and all for "Tilden and re form." Additional details of the Lake Shore rail road horror will be found in our telegraphic report. The charred remains of between thirty apd forty of the victims have been recovered and identified. Many others have been reduced to ashes, or are past recognition. The Louisiana Legislature convened in New Orleans to-day. BAIT EOR GUDGEONS. We see by this morning's Independent that >Ir. Samuel Word, of Virginia, is a great and truly good man. On the same authority we are enabled to state that he was a member of the last Legislature. Not less certain is it that he was a leader therein. If we may be lieve the same authority, Mr. Word towered in that august body a veritable Colossus. We have a vague memory that we have read in our morning contemporary something very like this before. We think on several separate, distinct and different occasions this opinion of Mr. Word and his deserts, with out variation of degree or form, has been ex pressed by the present editor of that unselfish aud fair-minded newspaper. It is not proba ble that this stout reassertiou of these com mon, every-day facts, these repeated affirma tions of Mr. Word's excellencies, are born of a suspicion that there is doubt of their verity. Perish the thought. Nor is it more probable that the repetitions arise from doubts iu the miud of the editor as to their entire truthful ness. Far from that. Mr. Word is the lion in the Democratic jungle, the Leviathan in the Democratic deep, the Jonah in the Dem ocratic belly. That was a vicious interpréta tion which a Democrat this morning put upon the puff of Mr. Word in the Independent, when he intimated that the editor of that pa per had a job set up in which he wanted Mr Word's assistance ; that this respectful men tion of Mr. Word's merits was a tocsin of alarm to the tax-payer ; that it was high time for the political police to shadow the Inde pendent outfit. We heartily condemn such imputations, and when again asked, as we were this morning, "What does that pecula tor want to purloin ?" we shall reply again, " We do not kno w. " We only wonder, as do Mr. Word's other admirers, why we could not ex tract from the Independent last September some intimation of the transcendent genius with which we are to be overshadowed in a few days. When the honors of the party were to be distributed we heard never a mention of Mr. Word's ability, deservings, or ambitions. Perhaps there is in that ominous silence and this fulsome adulation some circumstances of suspicion, but we scornfully reject the con clusion to which they point. We assure Mr. Word that the praise is genuine; that last autumn's silence wa9 an oversight ; that there are no jobs in the near future ; that the many superlatives of our morning contemporary do but feebly express its real admiration, aud that we Republicans surrender ourselves con fidingly to his hands to do with us as to him shall seem meet, only beseeching him to be merciful to us sinners. TWO PRESIDENT». There is an occasional lunatic who thinks that two Presidents may be inaugurated next March, one in Washington and the other in New York. It W'ould on some accounts be quite appropriaie to have a special President in New York City. The classes that seem to be in the ascendency there are essentially bad, with little sympathy with the rest of the na tion, and we feel very sure that the rest of the nation would thrive very much better iu every way for a political sep aration from its corruptions. But, neverthe less, its geographical situation renders it nec essary to retain it, and the one who sets up his Presidential throne there will have a short and less successful reign than Jeff. Davis had in Richmond. This is a large country, but after all,though it were twice as large, it would be altogether too small for two Presidents. The evidence now b^iug taken in Louisiana will probably satisfy all honest men which way the Presi dency ought to be decided. We are willing to leave it to the Senate, where the constitu tion and laws leave it, for final decision, and we do not believe a majority of the Senators will vote to count Louisiana for Hayes unless satisfied that he has a good, clear title to claim it. There are some weeks left yet for donbt and uncertainty, but there is the same time for discovering the truth and settling down on a wise and satisfactory course to a quiet settlement. In no event do we believe two Presidents will be inaugurated in any part of the United States. Here is a motto for the Democratic indig nation meetings. It is from Old Bullion, who used to be accounted good Democratic au thority : "The troubles of the country spring from uneasy politicians ; its safety lies m the tranquil masses." The halls of the House and Council are being comfortably, conveniently, and even elegantly arranged, under the personal super vision of Secretary Callaway. They will be completely equipped and in readiness for occupation by the last of the week. Prop. Huxly is wrong when ho says America does not appreciate her great men. He should remember the laurels with which a grateful country has decked the brows of a Morrissey and a Proctor Knott. The Independent recently claimed 500,000 popular majority for Tilden. It came within 345,603 of being correct—a trifle nearer the truth than it usually gets. The total Presidential vote foots up 8,425, 977, divided as follows : Tilden, 4,290,187 ; Hayes, 4,042,726; Cooper, 82,926; Smith, 10,138. Tilden's popular majority, 154,397. Those who are anxious to have two Presi dents inaugurated should remember that Mexico has now three Presidents, and yet she is not happy. GROUNDLESS ALARMS. Democratic papers pretend to find evidence of a grand conspiracy to disarm the Demo cratic cities of the country and concentrate the army around Washington and New York, in readiness for the 4th of March. On the other hand, some excitable Republicans think they have evidence of the actual enlistment of men throughout Indiana, Illinois, Ohio and New York, for the avowed purpose of forcibly inaugurating Tilden. We commend the wisdom of the Union Leaguers of Illi nois, who advise no attention to be paid to these rumors of Democratic organization, believing that a counter-organization would excite the public mind and might bring on a collision, of which there is no possible dan ger if no notice is given to wild stories. It is a matter of a very different kind for the Chief Executive of the nation to act. He is charged to see that peace is preserved, that danger be anticipated, that treasonable plots are exposed and conspirators apprehended and punished. It would be neglect of its first duty, if government should allow rebellion to plot and ripen anywhere in the country. If government stores are in any possible danger anywhere they should be moved to places of safety. There is little danger, we apprehend, in St. Louis, but the United States Arsenal at Rock Island is near by, and is the proper place for the storage of war material. We suppose it has been accumulated at St Louis with reference to shipping up the river to the seat of the Indian war, but as there is now less prospect of as much being needed for that purpose, it is being moved to the proper place of storage at the United States Arsenal. We do not think that St. Louis is half as much a point of danger as New York City, or as other places in the West. While we do not altogether credit the story that Tilden has enlisted 30,000 men to fight for him, and has them now under drill and pay, we are satis fied that it could easily be done, and that there are plenty of unscrupulous mischief makers to stir up trouble and precipitate an other New York riot. But the people may rest quiet, for if anything of the sort is on foot, every movement is known and watched, aud on the first open act there will descend a heavy hand with crushing weight. Rebel lion is like fire. Prompt action at the earliest stages is sufficient to extinguish it. The army is perfectly reliable and thoroughly well officer ed. If other aid is needed, the organization of the Grand Army of the Republic could fur nish hundreds of thousands of veterans at a day's warning. The country at large is in little danger from such soldiers as the rabble of New York City would make. They could burn and de stroy property and create abundant mischief in the midst of such a populous city, but we do not believe that even an attempt of the sort will be made, and if made it will make no sort of headway. The expectant Demo cratic office-holders make the most noise, but they are not dangerous in war. The country is going to be satisfied with the decision of the Senate and the action of its President, and we apprehend that Hayes will be inau gurated as peacefully as Grant was,and with in three months all will be as quiet and peace ful as ever our nation was. The Legislatures of Illinois and Missour met at 12 m. to-day, January 3d. Gov. Hayes' message was read in the Ohio Legislature to-day. Multiply 987654321 by 45, and see what a curious result of figures it gives. The ashes of the cremated are said to make an excell eût fertilizer for sunflowers. James Gorden Bennett, Jp.., has never yet been sued for breech of promise. The Tenth Legislative Assembly of Mon tana convenes in this city on Monday next, January 8th. A Kansas girl of sixteen puts a bullet into an apple at fifteen paces. All the men raise their hats as they pass her by. The Boston Transcript , (Ind.) styles Hewitt's announcement of Tiden's election "a piece of sheer falsification." The oldest Mason in the United States is Capt Hiram Ferns, of Fond du Lac, Wis., now eighty-six years. He joined in 1815. The sourest vissaged man in Wisconsin owns the largest cranberry patch in the State. His friends are exclusively confined to sugar dealers. Miss Ella Simpson, a daughter of Bishop Simpson (Methodist Episcopal), has just mar ried the Rev. C. W. Bundy, a clergyman of Philadelphia. The most unhappy man in the city of Rochester is the owner of the white bull-dog who tried to bite off the wheels of a freight car while the car was in motion. Now this is sad. The St. Louis Times wants to know "Where did Ben Hill bury his dead ?" These fellows tarn tail and fight each other at the drop of a hat. Herlonaly Sick. New York, December 31.—Cardinal Mc Clo8key's health has grown steadily worse ever since his accession to the highest posi tion in the American Caiholic Church. His illness, according to the statement of his physicians, is peculiar. The publicity attend ing bis high position is in every way against his instincts. The responsibilities attending his duties as Cardinal bear heavily upon him. reported specially for the herald by WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. THE RAILROAD HORROR. In the Valley and Shadow of Death. A Hundred Women and Children Among the Hapless Victims. Additional Names of the Wbunded and Recognized Dead. Cleveland, December 30.—The following is the latest from the wreck at Ashtabula: The haggard dawn which drove the darkness out of this valley and the shadow of death sel dom saw a ghastlier sight than was revealed by the coming of morning. On either side of the ravine frowned the dark and bare arches from which the treacherous timbers had fallen, while at their base the great heaps of ruins covered the Hundred women and children who had so suddenly oeen called to their death. Three charred bodies lay on the thick ice or bedded in the shallow water of the stream. The fires smoulder in great heaps where many of the hapless victims had been all consumed, while men went about in wild excitement, seeking some trace of a lost oue amoDg the dead or wounded. A list of the saved aud wounded having been already sent, the sad task remains of discovering who may be among the dead. The latter task will be the most difficult of all until the continued absence of here and there a friend will allow of but one explanation—that he was among those who took this fatal leap. All the wit nesses so far agree as to the main facts of the accident. Suddenly, without warning,the train plunged into the abyss, the forward locomo tive alone getting across in safety. Almost instantly the lamps and stoves set fire to the cars, and many w r ho were doubtlessly only stunned and who might otherwise have been saved, fell victims to the fury of the flames. The following is just received from Ashta bula : General Superintendent Payne is here. He says there is no prospect at present of ascertaining the names of the killed and wounded. The railroad folks are doing what they can to get the names, but it will be late before anything will be known. Un the arrival of the train the surgeon of the road organized a corps of assistants, and made a tour of the various hotels where the wounded were attended to. Such help has been given to each as was possible. All that human skill could do to save life was done. The scenes among the wounded were as sug gestive . almost as the wreck in the valley. The two hotels nearest the station contained a majority of the wounded, and they were scattered about on temporary beds, and on the floors of the dining rooms,parlors and of fices. Towards morning the cold increased and the wind blew a fearful gale, whieh, with the snow that had drifted waist deep at points along the line, made all work ex tremely difficult. At six o'clock the beds in the sleeping car of the special train were made up, and such of the wounded as could be moved were transferred thereto. The bridge was a Howe truss, built entirely of iron, and was eleven years old. It was 69 feet above the water, and bad an arch 150 feet long, the whole length of the bridge being 157 feet. It has been tested with six loco motives, and at the time of the disaster was considered as being in perfect condition. The iron of the bridge is twisted in endless con fusion. with that of the cars, while the loco motive is a wreck in every part. C. S. Carter, of Brooklyn, N. Y., was sit ting in a palace car, with three others, when he heard a window in front break, and al most instantly the car began to fall. As he went down, he sat as still as he could and held on. When the car struck the bottom of the ravine, he found himself almost unhurt, though a gentleman with him was instantly killed, and a Mr. Shepard, of New York, had a leg broken. The front of the car was much lower than the rear, and the flames in front began to eat their way up and spread with great rapidity. He with great difficulty got Mr. Shepard out, the broken leg impeding their progress. When Shepard was fairly out, Carter returned to the assistance of a woman who was calling for help at the front of the car. He got her out. After reaching a hotel, he found himself severely bruised in several places. In the great peril of the hour a man rushed down to the scene of the dis aster ready to help. He saw a woman strug. gling for life and went to her assistance. He carried her by main force to the solid ice, and then, urged by the cries of the mother, went back to the rescue of the daughter, three or four years of age. The wood in splinter ing had caught the child in its grasp, and the fire completed the horrible work. The man was compelled to see the child enveloped in flames, to hear her "Help me, mother!" ring ing out in the agony of death and on the ears of the cruel night. In a moment she was lost, swept up by the sharp tongues of fire, while her mother in helpless agony fell to the earth in a deadly swoon. Had it not been for the fire probably not one-third would have been lost. The water / in the creek is only about three feet fieer / T is thought by some that when it is dragr■^ number of bodies may be found. / A stock-drover is another witness as 2 0 ^ rapidity with which the fire did its/ Wor ^ e He says he was one of the first ou^ 0 f t[) ] wreck, and that five minutes had not elapsed before the whole thing was in flame^ There was a family on board named Bq nne t , m tbeir way from New York State to Jefferson Ashtabula county. The father and mother got out of the wreck. The children were only saved by being passed from the arms of one man to another over the pile of burning wood. One of the four was seriously iuju r _ ed, and all of them scorched slightly. On Saturday morning, the mother, who was en den te, gave birth to a child, the event bein<r hastened by the excitement she had undergone. Mrs. Frame, of Rochester, who was so badly burned about the lower part of the body, is in a precarious condition, and it is the opinion of Dr. Schneider that she has but a slight chance for life. Shepard, whose res cue is previously described, had one of his legs fearfully crushed, so much so that it bad to be amputated. Nearly a complete list of the wounded is at hand. It is remarka ble that those not killed were generally but slightly hurt. The only Californians on the list are J. A. Thompson, injured about the head ; A. Maitland, back and head ; Edward Tnworthy, Oakland, California, ribs broken. The list gives the name of 62 who either es caped or received injuries which were more or le9s serious. The dead list can only be ascertained when it becomes gradually ap parent that those who were known to have been passengers on this ill-fated train do not make their appearance. Ashtabula, December 31.—During the en tire day over one hundred men have continu ed the labor of clearing away the debris of the wreck of the train and bridge in Ashta bula river. The labor was rewarded by the recovery of only two more bodies, and some unrecognizable burned pieces of flesh, and the belief is gaining ground that many of the passengers were totally or almost wholly con sumed. Many persons have arrived here from the East and West in search of infor mation regarding missing friends. Little sat isfaction can be given them. Telegrams are also being constantly received asking for news of absent ones. The boxes in the freight h«use containing bodies were numbered to day and white paper labels placed upon those that had beon identified. There are 36 bodies, or masses of charred and blackened fleslf, in the building. Of these the following are supposed to be identified : Mrs. E. Cook, Wellington, Ohio; Maggie L. Lewis, St. Louis, Mo. ; Lucy C. Thomas, Buffalo, N. Y.; Mrs. G. E. Palmer, Binghampton, N. Y.: Isaac Meyer, Cleveland, O.; Burdel Meyer, D.,S. Waite, Buffalo N. Y.; Clarence Gage, Charleston, Ills.; M. P. Coggswell, Chicago; T. M. Hart, Akron, Ohio; D. A. H. Wash burn, Cleveland, Rector Grace Episcopal Church ; L. J. Barnard, Buffalo ; Miss Min nie Mixer, Buffalo; L. C. Crain, N. Y.; Mrs. George Martin, Huron Street Hospital, Cleve land ; George A. Perrington, express mes senger, Buffalo, M. Y.; John Pickering, Chicago; Wm. Clemens, Bellevue, Ohio. Ashtabula, (O.,) January 2.—There have been no bodies recovered to-day. The woun ded are doing as well as could be expected. Robert C. McIntyre, the conductor, at the Coroner's inquest, which was resumed this morning, testified that the fire spread with such great rapidity that the citizens, who used every exertion to prevent the spread of the flames, were baffled in tbeir attempt by the fierce wind. James L. Palmer, who was on the ground early, says the steamer with proper manage ment could have gained control of the fire in a very few minutes after starting. Witness heard the conductor say there were 160 pas sengers on board the train. The conductor testified yesterday that there were but 131. CONGRESS. SENATE. Washington, January 2.— Mitchell intro duced a bill to amend the act granting a por tion of the United States military reservation at Salt Lake City for cemetary purposes. Re ferred to Committee on Military Affairs. Chaffee introduced a bill to extend the act of July 2d, 1862, to the State of Colorado. Referred to Committee on Public Lands. It refers to the grant by the act mentioned, to each State of land equal to 30,000 acres for each of its Senators and Representatives in Congress, the proceeds of the land granted to Colorado to be used for teaching the theory and practice of mining, instead of agriculture and the mechanical arts, as in other States. Ingalls introduced a bill to enable the cen tral branch of the Union Pacific Railroad Company to submit its claims against the United States under existing laws to the Su preme Court He gave notice that he would offer a bill which Senator Wright will call up to-morrow, declaring th e true intent and meaning of the Union Pacific Railroad acts, etc. A number of bills and petitions were pre sented and referred. The Senate having no ouorum adjourned until to-morrow. ^ Louisiana A flairs. New Orleans, December 31.—There is little excitement to-night in regard to to-inor ____ m.A tt Q tnmns are all ordered to rt