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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
a. E. FISK,.......................... Editor - THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1817. GOVERNOR CHAMBERLAIN. The only unpardonable offense of which he is guilty in the eye of the native South Caro linian is his northern birth and his earnest efforts to defend the blacks of his State from the unbridled violence of the Sabre Clubs. Many who n»w sneer at Chamberlain were not many months past loud in his praises for refusing commissions to the son of .Chief Justice Moses, and another of utterly unfit character and qualification, for Judges. If Chamberlain had been influenced by any narrow or selfish motives, he could easily have secured his own advancement, and been received into fall fellowship by the native whites. It would have been easier, safer, and pleasanter for him personally. We have neither seen nor heard anything in any of Chamberlain's actions for several years past which would lead us to think that he has acted from but the highest and purest motives in endeavoring to promote honest govern ment for his State, to reconcile race differ ences, and elevate the character and intelli gence of all the citizens of his btate. It he has been ambitious, he is to be commended for it. The only pertinent question is, "Has his ambition been of a high and honorable nature, and has he pursued it by worthy and commendable means?'' We think he is en titled to an affirmative answer on both peints. He has fought corruption in his own party. He has openly and successfully opposed the unworthy and incompetent, not secretly, but bravely facing his opponents, and elo quently appealing to their sense of justice and honor. Having vanquished in fair fight the de based elements of his own party, he showed himself equally ready to encounter the hos tility of those who were determined by violent means to deprive the blacks of their right of free suffrage. It has been a most bitter and not a bloodless fight. Had it not been for auxiliaries from Georgia, we do not believe the reign of violence begun at Hamburg would have gained the headway it has. But ever since that line of policy imported from Georgia has been adopted, South Carolina has been a, scene of disorder and violence that would disgrace even the plains of Bul garia. We think Gen. Grant has done' less than the case required by way of interfer ence. It would hardly transcend the bounds of propriety to declare the whole State in insurrection and re-establish military govern ment. If any man is to be pitied as well as to be admired for his pluck and perseverence in face of difficulties, we believe it is Gov. Chamberlain. His address at his late in auguration is eloquent, however it may raise the sneer of the Independent. We admire Gov. Chamberlain the more, because he did not consult his personal safety and ease, and like Gov. Ames, or Bullock of Georgia, flee from his post. We hope he will stand his ground against all odds and fight out tne battle to the final end. We believe the sense of justice of the entire North will soon wake up to see the importance of the contest. It is no lessjthan this. Shall the rights conferred by constitutional amendment on the black be a dead letter and a mockery,, or shall it be interpreted to mean just what it says, and will our National Government guarantee a Republican form of government to every State? It is useless to say that such a thing exists now in a large part of the South. There is no more freedom in most Southern States to-day than under the government of the Emperor of Russia. It may be difficult and disagreeable to discover and apply the remedy*, but it must be done, and now is the time to begin, while such a man as Chamberlain is ready at the hazard of his life to lead the way. His integrity, ability, elo quence and courage deserve sympathy, ad miration and hearty support. In a recent Indiana railroad accident, one of the passenger coaches, Occupied by many of the first citizens of Lafayette, was precip itated down a thirty-foot embankment, mak ing several revolutions in the descent. Hap pily none were killed, but nearly every one was more or less bruised and injured. Among these were the editors of the Courier, Jour nal , and Dispatch of Lafayette. Democrats will suffer disappointment if they construe the action of the Florida Su preme Court as in any way affecting the electoral vote of that State. It stands for Hayes on the face of the returns, and the recanvass ordered, even should it extend be yond the State officials, w'ould in no wise change the Presidential result heretofore an nounced. _ . "Snakes are reputed crawling around Grant's boots," says the Independent. The Hewitt copperhead variety, for instance. But they don't appear to crawl much. The Pres ident mashes 'em at once, as he would any other viper. A susceptible but bashful young man at the concert was impressed by the Peak family head-irear. "It reminds a fellow," said he, "that he ought to come right to the point with the girl he's courting. Guess he will do it, too." After declaring all bets "off," Mr. Mor rissey declared himself off—for Albany. The distinguished Democratic statesman has gone out of gambling for the winter, and will con fine himself strictly to law-making. the senate controls the court. The concentrated attention of every legal mind in the country has been turned to the examination of the constitutional provisions for counting the electoral votes ever since it became evident that the result depended upon the selection or rejection of certain votes claimed by competing electors. Though it can not yet be said that matters have become ful ly and clearly settled and agreed upon, such progress has been made as to assure the country that the Senate will not put itself in the power of the House at all by vacating its own premises to count the votes in the Hall of the House. But as precedent fully justi fies, the House will be invited to the Senate Chamber, and then when the count begins, it can be continued to the close without the possibility of interruption. Should the House undertake to usurp authority in ordering which votes shall be counted, or in ordering that the votes of certain States shall be rejec ted, it will not be allowed to stay the pro, gress of the count, and if the House further insists that the joint rules are still in force, and in pursuance of such interpretation with draws to its own hall to consider the question, the Senate will probably go on with the count to the end, whether more or less of the Rep resentatives remain. Full consideration of all the phases of the question lead us to the conclusion that the President of the Senate controls the count ing, but is himself controlled by the Senate, whose officer he is. In having intrusted the returns to the chief officer of the Senate, it was as much as placing them directly in the Senate's hands. It is for the Senate alone and beforehand to direct its officer which re turns to count. All such questions must be settled in advance, so that when counting commences it may continue to the end with out interruption. This theory of the Senate's power over matters placed clearly in its control and over its own officer seems wholly consistent. As long as the duty rests with the House to choose a President in case of no election, it would be wildly improbable that the power would have been entrusted to the same body to create the vacancy that théy were to fill. The report of the Senate's committees now investigating the election and its results will settle the whole matter. If it is believed that Tilden has fairly won and is justly entitled to a single electoral vote beyond his 184, the President of the Senate will be so instructed and so the vote will be counted. But the House will have nothing to do but come into the Senate Chamber and look on. They can stay until the count is over, or go sooner if they choose, but will never have a chance to choose Grant's successor or determine whether any State vote shall be counted and in what way, or in whose favor it shall be counted. The House Sargeant-at-Arms has Barnes, Telegraph Supt., under arrest, and hastens with his prisoner toward Washington. Will Barnes produce the Republican private cam paign telegrams? Probably not, unless so directed by the President of the Company, which now seems unlikely to be done. The House, then, will order Barnes to prison, where he will stay for a spell in expiation of his offense. His imprisonment would be short. The House ordering it has but two short months to run, and, after that, Barnes is again a free man. Randall is rash. His order closing up the House bar-room shows be is becoming more and more reckless. The Speaker may lead the Democratic Congressmen to water, but he will never—no, never— be able to make them drink it. Randall is liable to find himself confronting a small sized rebellion directly. _ On the 27th, the House Committee ap pointed on the subject, reported a resolution declaring that the President of the Senate has not power alone to count and declare the electoral vote. The resolution is discreet in not claiming that the House has anything to do with the count. Speaker Randall has ordered the closing up of the House bar-room. Isn't this act in contempt of the body over which he pre sides? We expect next to hear that the Democratic majority has "gone back on" the Speakerjf Joint Rule decision. A Mississippi paper—the Southern States— calls frantically for volunteers and rifles. "Tilden or war" is its cry. The arrival back of Jeff. Davis, perhaps, inspires this yell for blood from his native State. The order of the Supreme Court of Florida in calling for a recanvass of the votes, ap plies, as we understand it, to State officers only. The Presidential Electors are not af fected thereby. Medical men say that when a man is full of whisky he can't freeze, and appearances indicate that a number of our citizens are ex pecting a mighty cold snap. Tilden never won a wife by courting, and we doubt if he stands any better chance to win a vote by it. The New York World tried hard to whip Ben. Hill into the war traces. Our advices show that there's Ben. Hill to pay ever since. The Rochester Democrat has a wild rumor that some daring person is about to take the Field—meaning Kate. ***—————— —1 . Thompson with a "p" is on the war path. He's the Democratic ch airman in Ohio. HARKING DOGS SELDOM BlTE. The experience and observation of many years is expressed in this maxim, and it rarely fails to cover the truth. We use it to apply not only to those who swear loudly that they will inaugurate Tilden by force, but to those would-be assassins who send letters to President Grant threatening his life unless he does to suit the sender. Both classes are rank, arrant, blatant cowards. Men who are very brave in the mouth are correspondingly cowardly at heart, and so, too, those who are truly brave allow their actions to speak for them. This is even true of successful assassins. They never adver tise their intentions by sending threatening letters; rather they court the opportunity by disarming suspicion. The character of the men who speak of fighting is not the kind that creates any seri ous danger or anxiety. Those Democrats who could fight do not wait to do so, while those who would lead the advance in a retreat from the face of real clanger are clamorous for strife. The tone of the press, the price of gold, the quiet unconcern of the masses of the people, all assure us that there is no fear or cause to fear violence. The single class that does the threatening is insignificant in numbers and still more so in courage. Even this insignificant class remove all possible danger by advertising their plans and in tended victims. The malice of their hearts, which might become dangerous by accumu lation, is dissipated as fast as formed in frothy but numerous threats, and never at tains any other rank than moral crime. It is only the biting dogs that need to be muzzled; those that simply bark can only become dis agreeable to the ear. RISE IN SILVER. The fact that silver has risen in the Lon don market is thought by the Independent to be traceable to the passage of Bland's silver bill through one House of Congress. With about as much propriety it might have been attributed to the changes in the moon. The silver bill has not yet become a law, and we fancy the rapid appreciation to near the gold standard will very materially cool the ardor of its friends, who took to it principally be cause they thought they saw in it a chance to swindle the public creditors. Our objections arose from totally different considerations. We object to silver as the standard because of its liability to fluctuation. We rejoice that silver is rising in the mar kets of the world, and hope it will continue to rise, not by giving it any fictitious value at home, but by its increased demand for cur rency in India and China, and its extended use in manufacture aud the arts. The mine and mill owners can now be congratulated that their prospective advantages aud profits are not to come from an indirect tax on other industries and will not be completed with national dishonor or partial repudiation. We are glad, too that the principal motive for rushing through this Bland bill is with drawn, and time will be taken maturely to consider the question of a double standard in connection with an early resumption of spe cie payments. Beauty's buttes—Sugarloaf bats. Crook's wdnter campaign has drawn to a close without conclusive results. Stanley Mathews will contest Banning's seat in the next Congress. Banning is the latest of the Democratic Congressmen who shouts, "The Government or gore." _ Hendricks Hoosiers will hail the hour when they are permitted to make havoc with Hayes' hirelings. Seven young men broke through the ice on the Ohio River yesterday, 29th, and were drowned. __ A fire in St. Louis yesterday destroyed the St. Louis Drug Company's warehouse, corner of North Second street. Loss heavy. The morning paper refers to the advance of silver in London, and says : "This is the legitimate result of the silver bill which is soon to become a law." We refer to the peace prospects in Europe, and the promised speedy settlement of the vexed Eastern question. This is the legiti mate result of the late Turkey raid in this country. _ The eccentric Cronin will please take no tice that in Sharpe agt. Dawes the Queen's Bench decision has been reversed on appeal. The lower court held that one director was a quorum, and could take the chair and pass several resolutions, including a call of 4s. 6d. per share upon the capital of the company, and ending with a "vote of thanks to the chairman." The higher court rules that his action was not valid, and that one share holder cannot meet and attain the dignity of a quorum. ______________ A frightful railroad accident, attended by almost unprecedented horrors and loss of life, occurred on the Lake Shore line, near Ashtabula, Ohio, yesterday. Over one hun dred persons were either killed outright, or perished by drowning and horning. Among the wounded recovered from the wreck, many were shockingly mangled and beyond the hope of recovery. Oar telegraphic report contains a full report of the terrible disaster, including a partial list of the dead and wounded. TELEGRAMS REPORTED SPECIALLY FOB THE HERALD BY WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. DISASTER AND DEATH. A Frightful Accident on the Lake Shore B. B. Every One in Five of the Passengers Killed. Victims Impaled in the Wreck and Burned, Drowned or Frozen. Cleveland, December 29. —An accident is reported at Ashtabula, Ohio, on the Lake Shore road, by which seven coaches, and all the baggage and express cars were burned. About one out of every five persons were killed. Ten o'clock p. m.—The scene of the acci dent is a few rods east of the depot. The iron draw bridge spans Ashtabula creek 75 feet above the water, and on both sides are high banks. Snow has been falling almost constantly for the past forty-eight hours, and now a driving storm is raging, making it very difficult to get news from the wrecked and burning train. Conductor Henn left Erie for Cleveland an hour late, and neared the bridge at Ashtabula about 8 o'clock Very few par ticulars can be learned at this hour, but as surances are given that the citizens of Ashta bula, with a competent corps of physicians, are doing everything possible for the suf ferers. The following is a partial list of the wound ed ; Geo. W. Waite, wife and son, of Ash tabula, badly hurt ; J. W. Martin, wife and mother, thought to be from East Avon, N. Y., fatally injured ; J. M. Murray, Hartford, Coun., injured ; W. H. Vockberg, Buffalo, N. Y., injured ; H. W. Shepherd, Brooklyn, N. Y., leg broken ; Bernard Sawyer, White hall, N. Y.; Thos. C. Wright, Nasnville, Tenn.; W. L. Brewster, Westchester, N. Y,; Mrs. Lew, Delaware, Ohio, slightly hurt; Robt. Monroe, Rutland, Mass., badly hurt; Edward Truworthy, Oakland, Cala., badly hurt. It is feared that Mr. Truworthy's wife and daughter were both killed. R. Austin, Chicago, bruised; R. K. Arnold, Chicago, slightly hurt. The child of Mrs. Mary C. Bradley, of San Francisco, was killed. A Mr. Barlow, supposed to be connected with Woods' museum, Chicago, is badly hurt. Mi nerva Bingham, Chicago, dangerously wound ed; A. Burnham, Milwaukee, slightly burned. The storm has somewhat abated, but the weather is fast growing colder. It seems that the falling train and bridge smashed the ice in the creek, and those not killed by the fall or burned up by tne burning cars were held down by the wreck and drowned before they could be extricated. Many, too, will be or have been frozen. All the large hearted citizens of Ashtabula are at the wreck, and as many as can are working to rescue those not already dead, While hundreds of strong arms stand ready to relieve those who become exhausted. The work goes on very slowly. At this time we are unable to learn the names of the killed, except the little babe of Mrs. Brad ley. It is known that there were a large num ber of Eastern people on the ill-fated train. It is said the coaches were all well filled. The express messenger for the American Express Co. is missing, and the local agent at Ashta bula fears he is among the killed. A special train, with physicians, nurses and everything for the comfort of the wounded at the wreck, left Uniou depot at 10:3® o'clock. The weather is still growing colder at Ashtabula. Only four bodies so far have been taken from the debris. The night there is quite cold, and now that the snow has almost stopped, it is nearly as light as day. Mary Frame, of Rochester, N. Y., is fatally injured. It is estimated that there were 175 passengers on the ill-fated train. At least one-third of these were burned to death or frozen. The train was drawn by two engines. One engine re mained on the bridge and everything else went down, The engineer and fireman on the engine that went down were badly, but not seriously, injured. The work of remov ing the dead still goes on very slowly. No more bodies have been recovered. It is im possible to get the names of tlie killed. The list of wounded will be swelled considerably. Public and private houses have been thrown open to the wounded and destitute. As near as can be ascertained there are 52 wounded. The fire is still burning. The train is known as the Pacific Express. Cleveland, December 30, 2 a. m. —A 'special relief train has arrived at the scene of the accident. There are now known to be seventy-five persons in the wreck, bat cannot learn if any are alive. It will be daylight be fore much can be done towards getting out the dead. 2:30 a. m.—Railroad men ai me wreck give the opinion that not less than 100 have perished. No names of the killed yet ascer tained. Some of the wounded are reluctant to give their names. Reporters from the city say the scene baffles description. The latest dispatch gives the number of wounded at 60, among them Walter S. Hayes, Lexington, Ky., D. H. Clark, Westfield, Mass., Mr. Lyons, N. Y., all slightly ; Henry Champlin, Cleveland, badly ; Mrs. Frame, Rochester, not expected to live. New York, December 30.—The Times' Cleveland special says : About eight o'clock this evening the express train on the Lake Shore R. R. went through the bridge about a quarter of a mile east of Ashtabula station, where the road crosses Ashtabula creek. The train included eleven cars, and was drawn by two engines. A bliuding snow storm was falling, driven before a fuiious gale, which made it impossible to see more than a short distance. Of eleven cars, six were coaches and dining-room cars, all of which went down a sheer plunge of 75 feet, and, as far as can be learned, were burned. There were 175 passengers on the train, of which be tween 30 and 40 were killed outright. The number of wounded is not reported at this hour, and no names can be ascertained. A special train, with officers of the road, all the physicians that could hastily be summoned, and appliances for the care of the wounded, left Cleveland at 3 o'clock. The conductor of the train was in the baggage car, and is safe. The driver of one of the engines, Fol som by name, has a leg broken. No cause for the accident can be ascertained. The train, while moving slowly, broke through the bridge, and everything, but the leading engine went down. The killed are estimated at CO, with many wounded. The cold and storm are very severe, and the work of re covering the bodies progresses slowly. The scene is described as terrible beyond prece dent. Cleveland, December 30, 2:25 a.m.—Mrs. Knowles, of Cleveland, has been found, and is at one of the hotels in a dying condition. A hundred strong men are now standing around the wreck, waiting for the flames and heat to subside. 3 a. m.—Nothing more from the Ashtabula disaster. Those at the wreck say they have to wait until daylight before doing anything towards recovering the bodies. --mo» I —I +» m - WADE HAMP TON. He sends a Messenger Bearing a Letter to President Elect Hayes. Columbus, (Ohio,) December 29.— Judge Mackey, of South Carolina, is Here, bringing the following letter from Wade Hampton to Governor Hayes : Executive Chamber. Columbia, S. C.,) December 23d, 1876. f Dear Sir :— I have the honor to enclose a copy of my inaugural as the duly elected Governor of South Carolina : In view' of current events and the official sanction given to gross misrepresentations of the acts and purposes of a majority of the good people of this Commonwealth, I deem it proper to declare that profound peace pre vails throughout this State ; that the course of judicial proceedings is obstructed by no combination of citizens thereof, and that the laws for the protection «if its inhabitants in all their rights of person, property, and citi zenship are being enforced in our courts. While the people of this State are not want ing either in spirit or means to maintain their rights of citizenship against usurped power which now defies the supreme judicial au thority of the State, and have faith in the justice of their cause, they propose to leave its vindication to the proper legal tribunals, appealing at the same time to the patriotism and public sentiment of the whole country. The inflammatory utterances of a portion of the public press render it perhaps not inop portune for me to state that although the people of South Carolina view with grave concern the prospects of a critical conjunc ture of affairs of our country which threaten to subject to the extreme test the republican system of government itself, it is their firm and deliberate purpose to condemn any solu tion of the existing political pj-oblems that involves the exhibition of an armed force, or that move through any other channel than the prescribed form of the constitution or peaceful agencies of the law, trusting that a solution may be had which, while maintain ing the peace of the country, shall do no vio lence to the constitutional safeguards of popular rights and will tend still more firmly to unite the people of all the States in an earnest effort to preserve the peace, to sus tain the laws and constitution. I am, very respectfully, Your obedient servant. (Signed) WADE HAMPTON, Governor of South Carolina. His Excellency R. B. Hayes, Gov'r of Ohio. p. S.—As a settlement of the vexed poli tical questions which now agitate the public mind must ultimately depend upon yourself or your distinguished competitor for the Presi dency, I have addressed a letter similar to this to His Excellency, Governor Tilden. Yours, WADE HAMPTON. Silver Disbursement». Washington, December 28 .—The amount of silver disbursements from the Treasury t«> date aggregate $25,511,509, of which $15, 395,512 w'as for the redemption of iractiomd currency, and $10,115,996 was silver paid in lieu of notes and checks. The amount paid by the Assistent Treasurer in New York, $7,596,607; in Boston, $3,537,030 ; in Phila delphia, $3,164,430; in Sr. Louis, $1,475, 082; in Cincinnati, $2,280,257; in Chicago, $2,638,977; in Baltimore, $991,012.