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I 3?! r-r %ü«ï ui .j-j y »PjX W«s» Volume xi. Helena, Montana, Thursday, January 18, 1877. No. THE WEEKLY HERALD PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY MORNINO. FISK BROS., - Publishers. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. tekms for the daily herald. Cily subscribers (delivered by carrier) per month, |3 00 BY MAIL. o nn < )ne copy one month.......................... One copv three months ........................ ® XX One copy six months........................... ** JC; One copy one year.............................. ** w TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. ( >pe year ........................................ Six months...................................... „ ^ Three months............................... . ••• 1 w THE MINUET. [Mrs. Mary Mapes Dodge, St Nicholas, Jannary.] Grandma told me all about it, Told me. so I couldn't doubt it, How she danced—my grandma danced !— Long ago. How she held her pretty head, llow lier dainty skirt she spread. How she turned her little toes— Smiling little human rose!— Long age Grandma's hair was bright and sunny; Dimpled cheeks,loo—ah, how tunny! Really quite a pretty girl, Long ago. Bless her! why, she wears a cap, Grandma does, and takes a nap Every single day ; and yet Grandma danced the minuet Long ago. Now she sits there, rocking, rocking, Ahvavs knitting grandpa's stocking— (Every girl was taught to knit, Long ago.) Yet lier tigure is so neat. And lier way so staid and sweet, I can almost see her now Bending to lier partner's bow, Long ago. Grandma says our modern jumping, Hopping, rushing, whirling, bumping, Would have shocked the gentle folk Long ago. No—they moved with stately grace, Everything iu proper place, Gliding slowly forward, then Slowly courtseyine' back again, Long ago. Modern ways are quite alarming, Grandma says; but boys were charming— Girls and boys, I mean, of course— Long ago. Bravely, modest, grandly shy— What if all of us should try Just to feel like those who met In the graceful minuet Long ago? With tiie minuet in fashion. Who could fly into a passion? All would wear the calm they wore Long ago. In time to come, if I, perchance, Should tell my grandchild of our dance, I should really like to say, " We did it, dear, in some such way, Long ago. A Literary Curiosity. What strange infatuation rules mankind,— Chatterton. What different spheres to human bliss as signed.—Rogers. To loftier things your finer pulses burn,— Sprague. If man would but his finer nature learn;— Dana. What several ways men to their calling have,—Ben. Johnson. And grasp at life though sinking to the gr a ve.—Falconer. Ask what is human life ! the sage replies, —Cooper. Wealth, pomp, and honor, are but empty toys ;—Ferguson. We trudge, we travel, but from pain to pain,—Quarles. Weak, timid landsmen on life's stormy main ;—Burns. We only toil who are the first of things,— Tennyson. From labor health, from health content ment springs;—Beattie. Fame runs before us as the morning star, —Dryden. How little do we know that which we are ; Byron. Let none then here his certain knowledge boast—Pomfret. Of fieeting joys too certain to be lost ;-Wal ler. For over all there hangs a cloud of fear,— Hood. All is but change and separation here.— Steel. Du. Soiiliemann continues to make new discoveries. In the tomb recently opened at Myceuæ he found a large golden mask and an enormous breastplate of gold. He also found the body of a man, wonderfully pre- served, especially the face. The head was round, the eyes large, and the mouth con- tained thirty-two fine teeth. There is, how- ever a difficulty about preserving the remains. There were also found fifteen bronze swords with great golden hilts—a mass of immense golden buttons splendidly engraved ornamen- ted the sheaths of the swords ; also two great golden goblets and a great quantity of other objects in gold, articles in earthenware, a carved wooden box, several articles in chased crystals, ten large cooking utensils of bronze but no traces of anything in iron or glass. --imi I —-- A scientific paper tries to show that the dark spots on the moon are simply great grazing pastures. We have a poor opinion of the man who explores in that direction for stock ranges. Montana and not the moon is the place to look for the succulent bunch- grass upon which sleek cattle feed and fatten and chew the cud of plenty in solid satis- faction the year round. Sliver as an Ilnllmlteu Legsi Tender. [From the San Francisco Chronicle.] Most of the enthusiastic supporters of the Bland Silver bill were ardent triends of that measure because they believed that silver was bound to become cheaper than greenbacks, and expected, when the bill became a law, to be able to pay off their creditors in a debased currency. The learned and enlightened Franklin Landers did not, indeed present this view of the matter in advocating his bill. On the contrary, he enlarged on the happy effect which the "double standard" would have in preventing fluctuations iu silver. But all the same—his followers wanted silver as an un- limited legal tender because they thought it would be "cheap money." M. Cernuschi is one of the stanchest and most consistent ad- vocates of the double standard, and yet be admits that it would be disastrous for the United States to set up silver as an unlimited legal tender unless a majority of the great commercial nations would co-operate in the movement. He evidently perceives that such individual and isolated action on our part would simply cause the nations having com- mercial transactions with us to send silver here to exchange for goods which could be sold in other countries for gold. There is a prodigious amount of available silver which would promptly respond to such an invita- tion. In England, Germany and France there is not less than $200,000,000 of silver ready to be precipitated upon us tbe^moment we declare it a legal tender alternative with gold. At present the discussion of the theo- retical advantages of the double standard iu Congress is utterly unprofitable, because we can do nothing in this matter alone. England, Germany, Holland and the fecandanavian countries have virtually abandoned the silver standard, and we cannot set ourselves up against the whole world. --—--— Terrible Destitution in Brooklyn. The suffering among the poor in Brooklyn this winter is likely to be very great. Mayor Schtoeder is of the opinion that, including the relief that will be needed for those left destitute by the great fire, there will be needed from $300,000 to $400,000 to keep the peo- ple from actual starvation. Large numbers of men are out of employment and have pawned or sold everything that they could spare, and must be dependent iu a great measure upon the generosity of their more favored townsmen. In the course of his re- marks Mayor Scbroeder says that he knows of one widow, with four little children, who live in a tenement house with not enough clothes to cover their nakedness and with hardly any furniture. Yesterday there was not a morsel of anything to eat in the bouse. "A man that I helped last winter," continues the mayor, "writes a letter to me saying that he had to send his children to school without any f ood yesterday. He says that his family, consisting of four children, himself and his wife, must perish unless something is done for them." - ——»-*♦ WM I — - John Randolph'» Impudence. The current talk concerning the disquali fication of electors recalls the manner in which John Randolph asserted his right to a seat in Congress to which he was not eli gible. W hen he was elected for his first term, he was under the age of twenty-five, and Henry Clay knew the fact. When he made his appearance in the House _ he was interrogated by Mr. Clay as to his years. The gentleman from Roanoke, haughty and im patient then as in later years, simply answered : " I refer you to my constituents for a reply." The impudence of the man closed the mouths of all the members. Mr. Clay did hot push his inquiry, and John Ran dolph held his seat undisturbed. Mr. Conway, in his London letter to the Cincinnati Commercial , relates an annecdote of Richard Grant White. Mr. White was re ceived in England warmly by all ranks of society, by scholars, artists, musicians, but Conway leaves receptions and toastings for this: "He visited his friend Julian Haw thorne, who lives at Twickenham on the Thames, which even American readers will remember as the site of Pope's villa ; and while there, having his violoncello, he used to go into the nursery and play for the little Hawthornes, to their great delight. When he went away one of them asked her mother if he would ever come again. Mrs. Haw thorne said she hoped he would. 'Oh, that's nice,' wa 9 the reply, 'for he's better than the organ man ; he makes the music and you don't have to give him a penny*—rather a doubtful compliment in return for lhe lofty musician's good nature. But Giant White fiddling to the grandchildren of Nathaniel Hawthorne is not a bad picture./ Tiie merry jingle of the sleigh bells, the sparkle of the crystal snow in the lambent light of the moon, and the confiding creature that nestles closely to him beneath the buffalo robes, tenderly clasping.his left hand in fyers while his right holds the reins, constitute the winter night's poem that is floating through the doting lover's soul, and leave him in doubt whether to let go long enough to get his handkerchief out, or draw his coat sleeve across his nose. A new counterfeit $1,000 greenback has come into the possession of the Treasury detectives. The note was discovered recently and the plate upon which it was printed is said to have been in existence for two or three years, and is believed to be the work of the notorious Tom Ballard, now undergoing a 30 years' sentence of imprisonment for counter feiting. The counterfeit an excellent one* Boston Joke : The following conversation took place recently in a hotel: "Waiter? 'Yes, sir." "What's this?" 'Ttsbean soup, sir." "No matter what it has been, the question is—what is it now?" [New York Letter to Washington Capital.1 One tigure among the mourners attracted the attention of all who knew Claude Bur- roughs. Scarcely more than a week ago this actor, dressed in the height of fashion, might have been seen any pleasant afternoon on Broadway or the avenue in the company of a young lady to whom he was understood to be engaged. She, too, was always attired iu the extreme of fashion and in the pictur- esque dress which it is the privilege and the pleasure of the elegantes of the period to array themselves, and looked half like some Wat- teau shepherdess who had stepped from some Dresden bit iu which she hail been im- prisoned to seek her mate, like another Gala- thea. Her tete rousse was crowned by a coquettish hat, her petite form was clothed in a dress that fitted to perfection, and her dainty boots went tic-a-toc as she walked on by the side of ber companion. Who would have recognized in the suffering girl, veiled in crape and bowed down with grief at the solemn services of Sunday, the animated belle, all life and gayety, who was wont to turn all heads as she passed ! The watchers who sat all Saturday night beside the coffins of Murdoch and Burroughs as they laid in state in Irving Hall, opened in the wee sraa' hours the casket that contained all that was left of the latter to place in it some flowers from the tribute of the poor bereaved father. And then some kind soul who knew the ro- mance of the dead actor's life, and remem- bered it, plucked a few violets from a simple cross that bore the words, "Dear Claude," and put the flowers gently with the poor disfigured body. - m -* m - Great Men's Drinks. [Pall Mall Gazette.} Frederick the Great, like a good many other persons, had a particular affection for Tokay. Napoleon preferred Chambertin, but liked black coffee better. Peter the Great thought Maderia the best of wines, but regarded brandy as superior to all other drinks. Marshal Richelieu held Medoc in the highest honor, and Rubens had the strange taste to esteem Marsala the finest of wines. John Bart, whom the French per sist in imagining to have been a great admiral drank contusion to the English in bumpers of Beaune. Rabelais thought that "the divine bottle" never looked more admirable than when filled with Chablis. Marshal Saxe had a decided predilection for champagne, while the severity of Cromwell's countenance is said to have occasionally relaxed at the sight of a pipe of Malmsey. The Emperor Charles V., would plan his champagnes and devise more stringent laws for the repression of heresy over a flagon of good Alicante wine. His rival, Francis 1, consoled himself for the loss of everything but honor with a cup of Xeres. or as we should say, a glass of sherry. Henry IY., whether a Catholic or a Protes tant, was faithful to the vintage of Suresnes. In more recent times the genius of Goethe was often fired with a bottle of Johannisberg. Humboldt studied and wrote unpleasant things about his friends under the gentle in fluence of Sauteme. Talleyrand often owed an hour of good nature to Chateau-Margaux. Wasbington journalism. [From the Washington Telegram.^ The new Democratic daily will not make its appearance till Wednesday morning. The name originally determined upon. The Con- stitutional Union , is regarded as too heavy, and will be curtailed to simply The Union, Simultaneously with the advent of the new Democratic daily may be expected the demise of The Chronicle , the administration organ. Its indebtedness exceeds $50,000, and for some time past strikes have been of frequent occurrence in the composing room. Recently the news and city editor deserted the paper, and since that time it has been run by boys. The Chronicle is a joint stock company, and has been peculiarly managed. About two years ago a dividend of $20,000 was declared on a nominal capital stock of $100,000 and paid the stockholders, while at the same time the liabilities of the concern were fully $30,- 000. Every piece of machinery in the building is mortgaged, and a large number of judgments, varying from $25 to $1,500 have been filed against the company. Ex-Senator Harlan still holds some stock in the company, but has had no hand in the management of the paper for over a year. - ^ ii l€>i »- *-- El vine in Ice for u Year. The Newark Advertiser has this story : Fish are cold-blooded creatures, as every one knows, but the proprietor of the Fourteenth Ward House, on Murray street, has a sample of the piscatorial tribe which for coolness is equaled only in scientific annals. He is of diminutive size, a minnow in fact, and was brought to the establishment embedded in a block of ice, some two inches below tbe sur face. He had evidently been frozen in when ihe ice w as formed last winter, and has been firing a comfortable though inactive existence ever since. That he was alive, has been alive, and is alive at present, is demonstrated by the fact that when removed from his icy home yesterday morning and placed in water he paddled off comfortably and easily, evi dently enjoying a release from his long im prisonment. The little fellow has been liv ing a fife of suspended animation for nearly a year at least, but though it has retarded his growth, he is evidently in a healthy condi tion. ^ | m _ A memento of the Granger movement in Ilfinois came into court at Springfield in that State, last week, in the shape of a verdict for $1,250 damages against the Toledo, Wabash and Western Railroad Company for charging more than the legal rate. This is the first verdict that has ever been obtained in the State against a railroad company for violation of the "Granger" law, [From the Worcester Press.] All who have had the privilege of being drawn on a jury must be familiar with thi9 quaint old Norman-French expression, used by the Sheriff or his representative when opening court. But few have been lucky enough to listen to such an exordium as came upon the astonished ears of the Mans fields and O'Connors of Muskingum from the lips of a compatriot of Bismarck. William Ruth is Sheriff of Muskingum county, O. He is also of the Teutonic per suasion. When he was ignorant of his du ties and greatly troubled about the way of opening Court he confided his troubles to Congressman Southard and several young members of the bar, and they coached him in his duties, giving him to understand that he was a higher official than the Court itself, and that Judge Frazier, of the Common Pleas was in the habit of interfering with the Sheriff in a manner that no well-regulated Sheriff ought to tolerate. "Py shiminy, ish dot so !" said the functionary. "Yell, yust vait till I opens de gourt, and he find dot Bill Root is not Pense Lloyd by a chug full." When the Court came on Sheriff Ruth veri fied his prediction. For weeks he had been practising his opening speech, and Judge Frazier turned to him with a look of judicial dignity and said : • "Mr. Sheriff, open the Court." Mr. Ruth struck an attitude and began : "O yez, hear ye eberybody und der peoples in sheneral dat der honorable Gourt of Com mon foesäions, in und fer der honorable poddy of Muskingum county, ish now in pleas, nnd dat its doors are open for to hear der gom plaints of all der yeomanry und gommon und take gognizance of all misdemeanors und - "Hold on there! Hold on there, Mr. Sheriff ! What is the meaning of all this rig marole?" exclaimed Judge Frazier. "Shudge, shust hold a little on," returned the Sheriff. "I'm Bill Root, der Sheriff of dis gounty, und I know my business to trans act in dis gourt, und any gauses to present for its honorable gonsideration will now ap proach und dat same make known, unci may God Almighty haf mercy on your souls, und all off mit your hats way quick ?" By the time the Sheriff concluded even Judge Frazier was roaring with laughter. It took the Constable half an hour to restore order. The first case was called, and the Judge said : "Mr. Sheriff, call Peter Jones, John Smith and Sa»-a White three times at the door." Advancing to the door and opening it about three inches, he pitched his voice to the highest key and began : "Peter Shones, Shon Smit, Sara Vite, Sara Shores, Peter Vite, Sohr. Smit, come into Court mit your dree dimes. Your honor, dey gone hom." Judge Frazier. That will never do. Call them three times—one at a time. Sheriff Ruth. Mr. Shudge, shoost look here. Dat is when you make foolish mit me. You say call dree times vonce, and den you say call dem vonce dree times, und you say dat ish worsh and worsh. If you yant Peter Shones und Shon Smit ùnd Sara Vite vonce dree dimes or dree dimes vonce, you better call dem yourself. I not dot kind of foolish ness. Sheriff Ruth retired to Fred Ditner's and refreshed himself with sundry glasses of lager, while the Constable called the wit nesses. _ ^ ^ | ^ _ A Smart Young Man and a Smarter Falber. [From the Virginia, Nev., Evening Chronicle ] Some weeas ago a young scapegrace in this city, who had left his parental roof in New York under a cloud iu 1865, concluded to put up a job on tbe old gentleman and make a raise. He accordingly telegraphed to his father in New York : Mr. -: Your son Walter was killed in the Con. Virginia this morning by a falling cage. What shall we do with his remains ? M. L. BARKER. Almost immediately a telegraphic order came for $150 and the laconic reply : " Bury them." The fictitious M. L. Barker froze to the $150 and went on a royal spree, and a few weeks afterward wrote to his father over his real name as follows : Dear Fatiier: I have just learned that an infamous scoundrel named Barker sent you a fictitious account of my death and swindled you out of $150. He also borrowed $85 from me and left the country. I write to in form you that I am yet alive, and long to see tbe old parental roof again. I am in some what reduced circumstances: the accumu lation of the last five years having been lost —a disastrous stock operation—and if you would spare me $200 I will be ever thankful for your favor. Give my love to all. Your affectionate son, WALTER. A few days later the young man received the following : My Dear Son : I have buried you once, ond an end of it. I decline having any more transactions with a corpse. _ ____ Yours in the flesh, FATHFR. The old man evidently knew whereof he spoke. ^ | | m _ Christmas morning they stood before the altar and the music of their marriage bells was sweeter to them than the music of the spheres. Christmas morning, four years later, a bald-headed man jumped out of bed, half distracted, and wanted to know why his wife was such an infernal fool as to put a Christmas h orn in t hat^boy's stocking . To elect a United States Senator, the Nicholls' Rump Legislature has a method of its own to secure a quorum. The White League is utilized to capture unwary mem bers from the regular Legislative body and hustle them unceremoneously into Nicholls side show. Further seizures are interrupted, and the regular Legislature preserves its quorum. AEE SORTS. A fair count—Vassar has 385 girls. Swear not at all, except to swear off. Senator Conkling can repeat whole poems from memory. "A tripping down Broadway" is usually followed by a trip-up. Freemen's writes—Signatures to the De claration of Independence. A Maryland jury declared that a man had come to his death " by an unknown wagon." A young lady who took to tight lacing some years ago says she is gradually waisting away. Mrs. Secretary Fisii is not the only fash ionable woman in America who is wearing her last year's bonnet. The Boston Bulletin, suggests "Mated and Cremated " as an appropriate head for the " Marriage and Death " column of the future. We hope the ladies will so much regard the public weal as to discard the "pull back" for the next forty days. It impedes leg-islation. Mr. Darwin's last book seems to be an able book, but the author does not satisfac torily explain the connecting link between a bay horse and a bay window. The time i9 here when the man who scat ters the contents of his ash barrel on the sidewalk is more charitable than he who shares his greenbacks with the poor. Mrs. A. T. Stewart has bought the chimes which rung in Machinery Hall at the Cen tennial Exhibition. She intends the bells for the Episcopal church at Garden City, New Jersey. The Toledo Blade says : "The battle field of Tippecanoe has been closed." It's about time. We believe the line of de fence was marked out there by Gen. Harrison nearly half a century ago. President Smith of Dartmouth College tendered his resignation to the Board of Trus tees last Friday. The board declined to ac cept it, and voted him a vacation. President Smith is about 72 years of age, and has pre sided over the college for nearly 13 years. A Boston Boy ou liens. Hans is curious animals. They don't have no nose, nor no teeth, nor no ears. They swallow their wittles whole and chaw it up in their crops inside of 'em. The outside of hens is generally put inter piliers and made inter feather dusters. The inside of a hen is sometimes filled up with marbles and shirt buttons and sich. A hen is very much smal ler than a good many other animals, but they'll dig up more tomato plants than any thing that ain't a hen. Hens is very useful to lay eggs for plum-pudding. Bet yer fife I line plum-pudding. Skinny Bates eat so much plum-pudding once that it set him into the collery. Hens has got wings and can fly when they are skart. I cut my Uncle Wil liam's hen's neck off with a hatchet and it skart her to death. Hens sometimes makes very fine spring chickens. Tbe Boy and tbe bot Cbestn ut». A small urchin just large enough to wear pants, and probably with his first pants on with pockets, stepped up to a street stand and purchesed five cents worth of hot roast ed chestnuts. The chestnut-vender, pitying his tender years, assisted his customer to empty the measure into his little pocket. Soon the nuts began to feel warm—they be came uncomfortable—they burned, and the little fellow could stand it no longer, and commenced to dance up and down with pain. The chestnut-vender tried to extract the nuts, but his band was too large to get into the pockets. The cries and antics of the sufferer increased. The Italian became excited, and with commendable ingenuity, seized him by the heel and shook him, head down, until the chestnuts rolled on the sidewalk. With tears of joy the boy went iu search of his mother. —Hudson Republican. __■ i&Z»- »»• ^ ■ - River nnd Harbor Expenditures. Washington, January 12.-The President's message to the House concerning the river and harbor expenditures, closes with the report of the Secretary of War, which recalls the President's message on the subject last August, declaring that no money should be spent on any work not purely national, etc. This principle governed the action of the chief engineer, who asked the engineers in charge of the various works what works could be postponed for the present. Their answers indicated that about $4,500,000 would be required. This was not a great saving, and consequently the Secretary, under orders of the Presdent. directed tbe chief engineer, who was well able t<> judge <>t the require ments, to make allotments from the appro priations aggregating not over $2,000,000, taking care that no new works should be begun and none continued not purely national in character. The $2,000,000 proved too little, aDd the President, after a long inter view, authorized the chief engineer to in crease the amount to $2,237,000, to which sum there have been small additions since, and there may be a few more yet. The Sec retary defends the President's action, which is authorized in the bill itself which was not mandatory, and he used his discretion to meet the condition of the treasury. Deatn of an Act res». New York, January 11 .—Lucille Western, the well-known actress, died here to-night.