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Helena, Montana, Thursday, May 3, 1877. No. 24 THE WEEKLY HERALD PUBLISHED EVEKY THURSDAY MORNING. FISK BROS,, - - Publishers. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. T F It MS FOR THE DAILY HERALD. City Jx'bscrll'ers (delivered by carrier) per month, f2 •SO BY MAIL. < i n.e ,'Opy one month.......................... 3 00 One r<ipv three months ........................ 6 OQ One ciipy six months........................... 32 00 « me copy one year..............................6X 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. no year ...... <: • montiis---- 1 t.M'-- HiOllillS. ...... §5 00 .....3 SO .....2 50 the si\(;i:irs ntizi . The tall house lowers grimly. Deformed by smoke and rain; And the bleared sunshine dimly Winks on the v.indow-pane. Though sore and numb her lingers. And slowly lades the light, The girl nor rests nor lingers, Dut sews from morn'till night. Her bright voting face is sunken, And fails'lier gentle breath; Her fair young form is shrunhen, To lit the robes of death. And I think ol the woodland shadow« That she has never seen ; Ot the wonder of song in the meadows, When all the w'orld is green. But now the close lips quiver, The nimble bands are slow. The voice she dreams of ever Kings in the room below. The mad voung poet is singing, With only a crust to eat ; But a fountain of light is springing Up from the narrow street. And whether he sings in sorrow, Or whether he sings in glee, He hopes that the world to-morrow Will list to his melody. And I think though his heart were burning With words no man e'er said, The world would be turning and turning If to-morrow he were dead. Only, both late and early. The girl, as maidens will, Dreams when the voice comes clearly Up to her window-sill. A brave face has she found him. A manner frank and gay, And long ago has crowned hin With myrtle wreath or hay. A good sword clanging loudly, A plume on waving hair, A cloak that drapes him proudly. Such as the players wear. So whether in glee or sadness He sings, he has won the prize. When lie brings the light of gladness To a dying maiden's eyes. [—Blackwoods. Tin* Demi Sea of America. There are no fishes in the Great Salt Lake. The only living thing beneath its waters is a worm about a quarter of an inch long. This worm shows up beautifully under the lens of a microscope. When a storm arises, the worms are driven ashore by the thousands, and devoured by the black gulls. We found a pure stream pouringjjiuto the lake. If was tilled with chubs and shiners. The fish be came frightened and were driven down the brook into the briny lake. The instant they touched its waters they came to the surface belly upward, and died without a gasp. The water is remarkably buoyant. Eggs and po tatoes float on it like corks. Mr. Hood and myself stripped and went in swimming, I dived into the lake from a long pier, which had been built for the use of a small steam boat that formerly plied upon the waters. The sensation was novel. The water was so sally that my eyes and ears began to smart, so buoyant that I found no difficulty in float ing, even when the air was exhausted in my lungs. As I struck out for the beach I felt as light as a feather. In spite of all that I could do my head would fly out of the water. The lightness of the water and sulging of the waves forced my fèet from under me. A person who could not swim might be easily drowned in five feet of water. His head would go down like a lump of lead, while his feet would fly up like a pair of ducks. The water is as clear as Seneca Lake—so clear that the bottom could be seen at a depth of twenty feet. When we reached the shore and crawled out upon the sand in hie light of the sun, our bodies were thickly ' ov ued with salt. We were compelled to go !!' small stream from which we had driven elmhs and shiners, and wash off In fresh 'a er before we could put on our clothes. nr i »air was filled with grains of salt tha V ' U - ' u ?, t * K ' gashed out. The Mormons oct ' 1S!t Lake in droves for the !c Many say their health i b y having salt upon their bodies ami dressing without wiping themselves. Alfalfa. tough before cutting it. Alfalfa should cut as often as possible—even,' will grow that last-as it u a p!am ^»t will hear cutting often and will yield all the better f or , u - .'Y ben the .P la nt reaches a certain night, if it is not cut it does not grow thicker and taller, but the strength is Upended in making the stalk woody and tough. Alfalfa hay, cut when the plant is young, is tender palatable, and is much better feed than when h has been left too long before cutting. So says an experienced farmer with whom we recently conversed on the subject.— Stockton Independent, March 5 . ^ FORTY-ONE YEARS IN A CAVE. Death of Austin Sheldon, the Hermit of the Hoosic Mountains—Voluntary Seclu sion with his Bible. Ten Years Without Seeing a Human Pace Buried in a Snow Drift and Frozen to Death. [Special Correspondence of New York Times.] Dingman's Ferry, (Penn.,) April 2. —Aus tin Bheldon, who has lived for 41 years the life of a hermit in a cave in a lonely place in the mountains nine miles south-east ol this village, was found frozen to death in a deep snow-drift near the entrance of his cave on Friday evening last. A terrible storm of snow and wind had prevailed in the mountains for two days, and Tuesday evening, contrary to his custom, Sheldon had visited the cabin of some hoop-pole cutters, about a mile from his abode, to buy something to uat, behaving been without food for two or three days. The cutters invited the hermit to remain with them all night and not attempt to brave the fury of the storm by returning to his cave. He had not spent a night from his cave since he inhabited it, and he refused to stay at the cabin. The snow piled in such drifts before the storm was over that no communication with the settlements outside could be ob tained until Friday. The cutters themselves were nearly frozen to death. The hermit, although nearly 72 years old, managed to reach to within a few feet of his cave, when he was overcome and buried ten feet deep by the snow. His features were fearfully dis torted, and his knees were drawn up to his chin. It does not seem credible that this man, who buried himself in the wilderness for over half his life, and who at last met so terrible a death" might have lived in ease and luxury, and died surrounded by friends in the best society. He was born near Stony Creek, Conn., in 1806, and when he was 26 years old married a lady named Tuthill, the daughter of a wealthy gentleman living near the city of Hartford. Sheldon's family was the lead ing one in the town of Bradford, where he has a brother and sister still living. His wife died 16 years after their marriage, and Shel don soon afterward disappeared. He had always been au enthusiast in religion, and had often expressed a wish to go to heathen countries as a missionary. His friends be lieved he bad gone to some such country, and never hearing from him thought he had died there. Forty-five years ago the country in the northeastern part of Pennsylvania was still in great part a primitive wilderness. Lum bermen had commenced invading the forests, however. In 1838 a party of prospecting lumbering men made a camp on the northern slope of the Moosic mountains, in Wayne county, Penn., and one day discovered a cave occupied by a man, miles from any human habitation. He said he had lived there a year, and had been roaming the forests of Connec ticut, Vermont and New York looking for such a place as his cave for five years. He gave his name as Austin Sheldon, but told nothing of his past. The lumbermen grow ing more plenty, he left his cave and was heard of no more by them. In 1843 two hunters discovered a man liv ing in the cave near which the hermit was found dead on Friday. This was Austin Sheldon. He told them he had not seen a human being for ten years. He continued to live there, but nothiug was known about him until last summer, when a paragraph ap peared in the New York Times , mentioning the fact that a man named Austin Sheldon was living as a hermit in a cave in the wilder ness of Pike County, Penn., his past beiDg a mystery. This item was seen by Sheldon's relatives in Connecticut, and a brother and sister visited his cave. They offered him everything that wealth could bestow if he would leave his cave and go home with them, but he refused. From these relatives the facts as to Sheldon's early life were learned. Sheldon seldom left his cave, and then only to obtain fish, game, rootsjjor berries for his food. At the time ot his death he w r as bent and wrinkled, with long, matted gray locks, and a beard reaching almost to his waist. The clothes he wore he had not taken off his body for twenty-two years. They were tat tered and ragged, and held together by hick ory witbes. The hermit never washed, and liis face and hands were encrusted,with dirt. His cave was about eight feet square, dark, damp and loathsome. He slept in a rude chair, surrounded with bones, tilth and rub bish of all kinds. He was very taciturn, speaking willingly only on the subject of re ligion. It was his boast that he had read his Bible through nearly one hundred times, and that he communed personally with God and the ancient prophets. When he walked he used a long staff, and his old, well-worn Bible was fastened to his leathern girdle. Forest fires frequent]}' swept over the moun tains about the hermit's cave, and many times it was surrounded on all sides by fire. The hermit, saying that he was in the hands of God, never voluntarily sought safety when thus imperiled, and courageous natives often saved his life at the risk of their own. He was often saved from death by freezing in the same manner. His only explanation of his living in the wilderness alone was that he wanted nothing to take his thoughts from God. As he had considerable money, accor ding to his relatives, at the time he left Con necticut, many believed that he buried it about his cave. The daughter of a Jewish vocalist, who leads the world of fashion in London, is known as the Countess of Waldegrade, wife of Lord Carlingford, her fourth husband. She s immensely rich, and has no children. Aa Important Di**coverv. The most serious drawback to the utility of iron in the arts and industries has always been its liability to deterioration or destruc tion by rust. Ever since the application of that metal to shipbuilding invention has been racked for a preventative of this insiduous enemy, but without avail, and of late a re turn to timber has been seriously contempla ted by ship-builders. It is now, however, announced by the London Tunes that an English chemist, Professor Barff, has dis covered what is believed to be a complete cure for rust. If the facts as alleged are borne out by further experiment it is unneces sary to state that this will rank as one of the most important discoveries of the age, and tiiat it will have absolutely incalculable ef fects upon commerce, navigation, architec ture, manufacture, and every branch of in dustry. Professor Barff is said to have dis covered that when iron is exposed at a high temperature to the action of super-heated steam, a black oxide is produced upon its surface, which is harder than the metal itself, which adheres to it as closely as its own particles, and which completely resists the effects of water, weather and acids. In the experiments already made it has been found that by the exposure of iron to the action of superheated steam at 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit, for six hours, an oxide is pro duced which defies the rasp, and which no amount of exposure to weather will affect in any way. It will be at once apparent that the practical results of such a discovery must be bewilderingly important. It will not only remove all the drawbacks upon iron as at present employed, and enhance its value with its durability, but it will open to it new avenues of usefulness which have hitherto been closed against it by its tendency to rust. In increasing the permanence of iron it will increase its strength, and thus render public travel safer under a variety of cir stances, both by land and water. In fact there is nothing into which iron enters as a material the condition of which will not be improved by Professor Barff's discovery. In the language of Colonel Sellers "There's millions in it !" Oaltey SI all's family. Despite all the rumors of domestic unhap piness, Mr. Hall and his wife were very de voted to each other, and he gave great atten tion to the maintenance and education of his children. Outside of his own family there were many dependent upon him for support, and one person who was once a millionaire, would, if it were not for Mr. Hall, h ive been an object of charity. Mr. Hall's professional income has been large, but his family ex penses, his disbursements on behalf of suffer ing friends and other persons needing assist ance, and investments in theatrical enter prises, left him a very small balance. Years ago be provided for his family in case of bis death by insuring his life; and the policy has been increased from time to time until it now amounts to $60,000. Mrs. Hall has some property of her own ; one daughter has learned the trade of a milliner, another is an accomplished music teacher, a third is an educated drawing mistress and one of the leaders at the Cooper Union Art School. The son, a bright youth of about fourteen years, is learning printing and phonography, and was being trained by bis father in the gen eral duties of an editor and journalist. In addition to these special branches the chil dren of Mr. Hall are finely educated. -4 ►* New York limes: It would be impracti cable to give in this place a list of the popu lar quack remedies for cats. They are as numerous as the infallible remedies for con sumption and quite as useless. Stones, coal, bottles, crockery of all sorts, bootjacks, other people's boots, borrowed books and firearms have all been recommended as infallible rem edies for cats on the back fence. That among these quack remedies there are several which may have a slight sedative action may be frankly admitted. If a bootjack or a bottle be suddenly applied to a cut, the cat will tem porarily disappear. The difficulty is, the tea is sure to return the moment the effect of the bootjack or bottle has passed off. Like all other palliatives, the best of these so-called cat cures have only a temporary effect, and if often repeated, they lo«e their power and have ro effect wnatever. St. Louis Globe-Democrat : One day, just after King Solomon had written a column of solid nonpareil wise and moral proverbs, he took his oldest son by the elbow, led him down the back stairs of the palace, through the back yard, past the wood-shed, out .into the alley, backed him np behind Ahitophel's wood-pile, looked warily around to see that no one was listening, aud whispered into the young man's ear : "My sou, a little office iu a spread-eagle life insurance company is bet ter than a cart-load of preferred stock in t' e Ophir mines." Aud then the monarch threw his head one side, drew in his chin, shut ODe eye and gazed at his offspring in silence. Three year3 afterward, when the Great He braic Consolidated Stormy Jordan Life As surance Company, of which the intelligent young Prince was President, went into bank ruptcy, the young man was able to let his fa ther, who was a little short at the time, have 275,000 shekels for ninety days on his simple note of hand. ,. ►» 4Mb*——— The newest novelty in gloves is the out growth of a model w'hich has been recently patented, and for evening wear bids fair to supersede all others. It is made without the slit in the palm of the hand, and is buttoned on the outer side from the seam which us ally occurs there. It is an improvement on the old style, inasmuch as the glove is re lieved of the gap, which greatly disfigures the fit of the glove, particularly on a plump hand. The Wife of a Fainons American Pioneer Mrs. Biennerhasset, the wife of Blenner hasset, who came over from England seventy five years ago, and settled on a beautiful is laud in the Ohio, and who was ruined by his conspiracy with Aaron Burr against the Uni ted btates, was in all respects a very accom plished lady. Her figure, tall aud command ing, was molded in the most perfect propor tions. Her features, over which was spread a most brilliant complexion, were beautiful A strong mind, highly cultivated, gave to those features that inimitable grace which in telligence alone can confer. Brown hair, profuse and glossy, dark blue eyes, and man ners both winning and gracef ul, ever attrac ted attention to her, even in the most brilliant circles. She was very charitable to the sick and poor in her neighborhood, often carry ing to them those little delicacies which could nowhere else be obtained. She had been brought up by two wealthy maiden aunts, who had taken great care to instruct her in all the useful arts of housewifery, which education she found to be of inestimable val ue in her new home. She invariably dressed like a lady, in the most elegant manner. Her ordinarily head dress consisted of a turban folded very full, in the Oriental style. It was of rich silk, sometimes white, which was her favorite color in summer ; iu the winter, pink or yellow. A very intelligent lady, who was familiar with society in Washington, and who had visited in the courts of Europe, writes, "I have never beheld any one who was equal in person to Mrs. Biennerhasset in beauty of person, dignity of manners, elegance of dress —in all that is lovely or finished in the female person—as she was when queen of of the fairy isle. When she rode on horseback her dress wa9 of fine scarlet broadcloth, orna mented with gold buttons ; a white beaver hat, on which floated the graceful plumes of the ^ostrich, of the same color. This was sometimes changed to blue or yellow, with feathers to harmonize. She was a perfect equestrienne, always riding a very spirited horse with rich trappings, who seemed proud of his burden. She accomplished the ride to Marietta of fourteen miles in about two hours, dashing through and under the dark foliage of the forest trees, which then covered the greater part of the distance, reminding one of the gay plumage and rapid flight of some tropical bird winging its way through the woods.— Ilarpeer's Weekly for February . Ills True Story. [From the Detroit Free Press.] A citizen was yesterday halted near the Soldiers' monument by a frank-faced old man who had a fence picket in one hand and an old boot in the other. He said he wanted ten cents to buy bread with, and the citizen re plied : "I don't know anything about you. There are lots of dead beats and imposters around." "See here," said the old man, as he laid the picket and boot down, "I live on Croghan street, and I can take you to forty men who know it. We haven't had anything in the house for a week. Day before yesterday I began eating the pickets off the fence, while my wife commenced on a bedroom door. I knew everybody would think I was a liar, and so I brought one of the pickets along. There's the marks of my teeth to show tor themselves." "Yes, looks as if you had bitten in there," replied the citizen, as he scanned the picket. "I don't like 'em," continued the old man. "The slivers kinder catch as they go down, and the paint gives the heart-burn. After two meals I changed off on to brick bats. I see you are astonished, but truth is my motto aud here is the proof." He pulled out a piece of brick and held it to the citizen's nose. There were tooth-marks and no chance for argument. "They'don't agree with me," sighed the old man. "The per cent, of nutriment does not hurdly come up to my standard, and a bad taste lingers in my mouth. 1 only ate half a dozen and then changed off to old boots. I take one like this, soak it over night in strong lye, shake out the pegs in the morn ing, and then we boil it with an old bone, sprinkle in a little bran, and the soup fills up if nothing more. This is the fourth old boot, and 1 suppose I could get along all right for a week or so, but to-day is my birthday, and I thought l'a like a.little bread to sort o' com memorate the occasion. The citizen looked at him, mouth open, and not a word to say. "1 suppose I might skirmish around and find an old piece of buffalo robe and bake it for dinner* but if you had just as soon lend me ten cents I think I'll accept it." The citizen handed out the money like a man irya dream, and stowing it down in his pocket the old man picked up the boot and smelled of the heel, lifted up the picket and bit off a sliver, and said, as he moved away "If you ever get down to brick bats call on me for a loan." — t -*4 ----- (■raceUreenwuwl on the South. Grace Greenwood doesn't have much faith in the Southern talk of peace and union. Writing from Waghington she says the spirit of the South " is like that of a cer- tain belligerent old Yankee, who, in a fair fight with a neighbor, was so seriously hurt it seemed likely that be would never recover. His old antagonist visited him and by his bedside expressed a wish that there might be peace between them. 'Yes, neighbor,'was the reply, ' I've buried the hatchet, but I've left the handle sticking out, and if I get well, all this goes for nothing.' " - mm +4 ^ - Anna Dickinson says that though she never was a "raving beauty," she neverthe less "expects on the stage to do all that is re quired of me in love making," and she re quests her stage lovers not to treat her as "a touch-me not," and as if she has no more passion than there is in an empty claret bot tle. Brothers in law— The Bar Association. Unpleasant flowers of spring trade—The croakers. Palace cars with bath rooms are the latest —rushin' baths, so to speak. To keep the head cool and the feet warm —wear an ice hat and tight boots. Mon. Peter C. Shannon has been reap pointed Chief Justice of the Territory of Dakota. When a man of talent is made a knight in England, he modestly remarks that it was a Sir-prize to him. A citizen of Minneapolis, Minn., says that if he is ever to be Mayor of the city, the of fice must seek him, the same as his creditors do. I A Union moulder, who lias been arrestee? in Troy for disorderly conduct, is named Canary. They ought to send him to Sing Sing. ' # Genkral Ignatikf received a salary of $92,000 while Russian Minister at Constanti nople, and had 21 functionaries under his control. Notwithstanding Sec'y Schurz's avowed hostility to rings in the Interior Department, it seems his first act has been to select A Bell as bis assistant. The Graphic claims that there is too much of irreverent and unromantic detail in the statement that Senator Davis covers 125 square inches when he sits down. A young lady who has suffered from "bag gage- smashers" bas bad her trunks covered with flannel this season, having heard that flannel was a good chest protector. Catnip has begun to show its green leaves above the cold earth, and now why can't the felines cease their racket for a while as they steal down upon the juicy provinder. Josh Billings says : "The mewl is a Jar gei bird thsu the guse or turkey. It has two legs to walk with, and two more to kick with, and wears its wings on the side of its bed." A poor young man remarks, that the only advice he gets from capitalists is " to live within your income whereas the difficulty he experiences is to live without au income. Mr. T ilden has informed' David Dudley Field that any further attempt on his part to induce him to operate with the quo icarranto process will result in a permanent rupture be tween them. The quantity of air inhaled and exhaled by an adult in twenty-four hours amounts on an average to about 360 cubic feet or 2,000 gallons, making an aggregate of 730,000 gal lons in a year. A bill to allow husband and wife to testi fy against each other has been killed in the Indiana Legislature It is feared that if legal permission was given nobody else would have a chance to say anything. The Porte cannot persuade Russia to with draw her troops from the banks of the Pruth. If his Sultanship would engage Wade Hamp ton to talk to the Czar a short time the thing might be accomplished. Before pardoning convicts, Governor Cul lom, of Illinois, publishes all applications for pardons, with the names of the signers. It has a decidedly cooling effect on the habitual signer of everybody's petition. Referring to the manner in which Mr. Clark Adams has manipulated the roll of the next House, the New York Tribune suggests that he evidently thinks himself a bigger man than the whole Electoral Commission. Insanity, once unknown among the ne groes, has become a great and growing affle tion. To relieve it Virginia has established an Insane Asylum for Negroes—the only one in the world—where more than 300 of them are cared for. It is hoped that not a cent of the several millions about to be expended for Indian sup plies wilt be used to purchase fixed ammuni tion. To give the Indians fixed ammunition is worse than giving a raving lunatic the free dom of society. A manufacturer at Pittsfield, Mass., who exhibited carriage rugs and blankets at the Centenmal Exhibition, has received orders from Booth America, Norway, Sweden and Russia, and has been obliged to enlarge his mill to supply the demand. As a cheering instance of educational pro gress in Texas, it is stated that all boys over five years of age, attending public schools in that State are now imperatively required to take off their bowie-knives and revolvers be fore entering the school-room. The best advisers in the world say marry young, but Moody tells the Boston girls never to marry at all, rather than to marry misbe lievers, and this in the face of the fact that there are 70,000 girls in the Old Bay State who cannot, get husbands at any price. Dr. Dio Lewis, having eaten all the oat meal food to be «-Waini-d in Massachusetts, is now going to settle in Ban Francisco and eat all the sponge cake, mince pies, scalloped oysters, and other delicacies the market af fords, for the purpose of curing a bad case of the dyspepsia. Officers in the .army of Saxony are not allowed to marry until they are assured of an income of about $250 per annum, and, al though they are expected to live in good style and to dre98 in such a manner as to be at any time presentable at court, this is thought to be enough for their comfortable support. Some one sensibly says: The most agreea ble of all companions is a simple, frank man, without any high pretensions to an oppres sive greatness ; one who loves life, and un derstands the use of it; obliging alike at all hours; above all, of a golden temper, and steadfast as an anchor. For such a one we gladly exchange the greatest genius, the most brilliant wit, and profounde3t thinker.