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reported specially for the herald by WESTERN UNION telegraph company. the WAR IN EUROPE. A General European War not Im probable. The War in Europe. Liverpool, May 5.—A London correspon dent says : Greenwood, editor of the Pall Mall Gazette , is about to take a position as correspondent of the Times. This indicates a change in the Times' attitude on the Eastern question, Greenwood being strongly anti Russian. Bucharest, May 5.—The official journal publishes a letter from the Prince to the Pres ident of the Council, announcing a contribu tion of $20,000 from the civil list towards campaigu equipments tor Roumanian officers. The Senate had adopted a bill postponing }»ay ment of commercial acceptance until the end of the war. The Chamber of Deputies have adopted a bill for the organization of militia and a national guard. A meeting of the Kuropean-Danube commission, appointed for the 7th inst., cannot be held, as the Turk ish and Russian delegates decline to attend, and the British and French delegates left Galatz before the port was closed and cannot return. Vienna, May 5.— St. Petersburg advices say that great distrust prevails against Eng land. The batteries on the Baltic are being repaired and armed, and hundreds of tor pedoes are ready for the Gulf of Finland and a number of houses have been reserved for quarters for troops. -►* Bombardment of Ibrail. Chicago, May 5.—The IMer-Ocean this morning publishes the first genuine special cable telegram ever published in a western paper. It is dated London, and occupies nearly half a column. The points are as fol lows : Importance is attached to the bombardment of Ibrail, as to which party committed the first belligérant act. If Turkey, then Rou mania has a valid excuse for joining Russia, and will embrace it. Austria hesitates to protest against the closing of the Danube, which violates the Paris treaty. The blockade of the Black Sea begins to day. In Asia, the fact that the Russian cavalry have left Wladikausfcam and occupied Baya zid, nineteen miles south of Mount Ararat, and the fact that the Turks have withdrawn to Vostock, is gravely significant, consider ing the treaty lately 'concluded between Rus sia and Persia. The Armenian Christians sympathize with Russia. Various large meetings were held in Eng lish cities on Friday night, to protest against England's interference, and to sustain Glad stone. Sir William Northcote, the great traveler, has just arrived, and says Turkey's strength is greatly underestimated. She has now over 400,000 soldiers in European Turkey alone, well armed, drilled and disciplined, and wildly enthusiastic. Enfftamr«* Policy. London, May -5. —Thomas Carlyle, in a letter to the Times, says : Rumors prevail that Desraeli, despite the Queen's neutrality proclamation, intends to send an English fleet to the Baltic, or do some other feat which shall compel Russia to declare war against England. Latterly the rumor lias shifted from the Baltic and become still more sinister on the eastern side of the scene, where a feat is contemplated that will force not Russia only but all Europe to declare war against us. This latter, he says, he has come to know 7 is an indisputable fact. He advises taking charge of the route to India, steering clear of copartnership with the Turks. England should feel it an ignominy to be connected with Tur key. Carlyle protests against the newspaper outcry against Russia, which he says pro ceeds from ignorance and jealousy. He calls the attention of the friends of their country to his statements, lest in a few weeks the maddest tiling that the British government could do should be done and all Europe be in the war. Foreiicn News Items. Paris, May 5. —Russia is making efforts to raise a loan here. The Russian Senate ha9 decided that the Moscow' Tribunal of Commerce has a right to adjudge Dr. Strasburg, the railroad specula tor, a bankrupt, and has issued an order that Strasburg leave the country. Minister Simon, in a speech pointed out the scrupulous manner in which Italy had ob served the law of Papal guarantees. The Italian Ambassador called upon Simon and thanked him for the manner in whicii be had referred to Italy. Onkey Hall. New York, May 5.—A letter from Louis J. Jennings to a friend in this city, says Ex Mayor Hall refuses to receive letters sent in his care, or to see any American newspaper. ---— M«*vy Snow Storm. Oji am a. May 5.—A letter from Dead wood 6a >' 8 snow has fallen daily. Seventeen inches of snow fell in one day and night. Prospect tog is retarded on account of the cold weather. A surveying party from Kerney to Deadwood have just arrived—distance 240 miles. Effect of Postponing the Extra Session« Washington, May 5.— It having been un derstood for several weeks that an extra ses sion of Congress would be convened on the 4th of June, the military authorities antici pated no trouble, having taken for granted the army appropriation w'ould be passed by the beginning of the next fiscal year, and business would proceed as usual. Therefore no difficulties were anticipated nor mentioned. The postponement of the extra session was a great surprise to them, and nearly every chief of a bureau in the War department sees some difficulty ahead, all of which they mentioned to the Secretary of War this afternoon. Sec retary McCrary has directed the Paymaster General to prepare a statement showing the number of men whose terms will expire be tween July and October 5th. Such statement will be submitted to the President, and the subject of an extra session of Congress will again be considered by the Cabinet on Tues day next. It has been suggested that the difficulty in regard to the pay of discharged men might be overcome by discharging 250 men prior to the first of July, whose terms of enlistment will expire between July 1st and October 15th. About $900,000 will be required to pay this number of men, and upon examination it has been ascertained that there is not sufficient money to the credit of the army appropriation fund of the present fiscal year. To make such payment, therefore, the plan had to be aban doned. Decoration Day. Washington, May 5. —The arrangements for Decoration Day at Arlington are complet ed. Brig. Geo. Nathan Goff, Jr., West Vir ginia, has been selected orator; William Carleton, of Michigan, poet, and the Rev. Clay McCauley, lately called to the First Uni tarian Church, of this city, Chaplain. The committee will arrange for the ceremonies at the Solpier's Horae Cemetery, where 7,000 soldiers are invited. surrender of Indians. Chicago, May 5.—A dispatch from Camp Robinson, dated yesterday, says a courier has just arrived, bringing a letter from Red Cloud, who says he will reach the Agency early Sunday morning, with Crazy Horse's village. An Indian w'ho arrived at his camp, reports forty-three lodges of Cheyennes and four of Sioux has surrendered at the camp on Tongue River. Sitting Bull was on Dry Creek, north of the Yellowstone. Ex-President Grant. New York, May 5.—Want of time pre vents Grant from accepting the reception from the Union League Club. Chicago, May 5.— Arrangements are mak ing to receive General Grant, towards whom a warm friendly feeling prevails among all classes. New York, May 5.— Seligman, the banker, will give a dinner to ex-President Grant next Tuesday. Broker's Commissions. New York, May 5. —The Stock Exchange has again raised brokers 1 commissions and charges for buying or selling. The stocks for any one not a member of the Stock Ex change, but who is a banker, broker, or active dealer, is to be £ instead of 1-16. Investors are still charged £th, and other charges as between members of the Exchange are the same. koeking; Death. Washington, May 5.— Mary Mills, widow of George Mills, was found dead in her room at Orange, yesterday, surrounded by dirt, rum and beer. In the room was a satchel containing nearly $7,000 in government bonds, $200 in bills, 4)500 in English annui- ties, and deeds to real estate valued at $10,000. -- —§ i—> » i - Fires. New' York, May 5.—The furniture store of H. J. Farrington was damaged by fire this morning to the value of $25,000. Utica, New York, May 5.—The Franklin Cotton Mill, at Sangnoit, was burned last night, loss $75,000; insurance $10,000. The fire was caused by the explosion of a lantern. Robbery. Boston, May 5. —Burglars entered the res idence of Harrison Prescott, at Newton Cen tre last night, and robbed the safe of $21, 000 in Government bonds. Failure. New York, May 5. —Wm. Foster has made an assignment. Liabilities $455,000 ; assets $83,000. Specie Shipments. New York, May 5.—The specie shipments to-day were $1,050,000 in gold, and $350,000 in silver. ^ ^ It is now positively affirmed that the build ings being erected for the Paris Exhibition of 1878 will be completed in time for the formal opening. All the w orks in connection with the foundations in the Champ de Mars are now completed, and the stone works of the paviilions is prepared for the metallic domes. On this part of the site alone there are two thousand men engaged night and day. On the Trocadero the progress made is still more remarkable. The outlines of the palace are clearly traceable, and the visitor can already form some notion of the fine spectacle when finished. From the top of the grand rotunda a magnificent view will be had of Paris and the windings of the Seine. -——— The Princess von Bismarck is described as a tall, graceful woman of about fifty, with splendid eyes and features, combining strength with delicacy. Her manners are most gra cious and sympathetic. LUXURY ON THE RAIL. a The Dlflerence. We have been frequently asked : What is the difference between a railroad dining car aud a Pullman Hotel car ?" That there is a vast difference is well known by these who have had occasion to use either ; but the un traveled public are not fully advised as to the points of difference. The old-fashioned rail road eating-house is, alas ! too well known ; its peculiar, hastily-eaten meals have been partaken of by too many thousands to be for gotten. The dining car, then, is this well known eating-house placed on wheels, at tached to the train at the usual meal hours, and hauled along for thirty, forty or sixty miles, until the meal has been served, when it is set off on a side track, and is by the next train hauled hack to its starting point, and so it runs a few miles for each meal. To get meals in this car the passenger has to work his way through the train while it is under full motion —pass from car to car, running the risk of falling between the platforms, and finally finding the car at the rear of the train. Then comes the meal, which must be hur ried through with to give a chance for other hungry passengers to t^ie your place, and you must force your way back to your seat, and again run the risks of your platform pas sage while the train is at full speed. In such cars you pay seventy-five cents for each meal, even if you take or need only a cup of coffee and a cracker. Bear in mind, in no case do these dining cars accompany the train from starting point to destination. They are al ways "cut off" and taken on as we have de scribed. With the Pullman Hotel car the case is different in every respect. These cars are sixty to sixty-six feet long, have sixteen wheels under each, are built strong, so as to insure quiet, steady running, without the us ual unpleasant side motion. Each hotel car contains, in the order named, the following compartments : 1st. A cosy, neat and clean little kitchen, fitted up with a range, an ice and meat box, rows of shelves covered with bright silver and brighter glass ware, and all the appliances needed for preparing a sumptuous meal. 2d. A compact china and glass closet, in which is kept the table ware and the table linen, cutlery, etc. 3d. A passage way, cutting off the kitchen and china closet from the rest of the car, and forming an air chamber to prevent the smell of the cooking victuals from reaching the sa loon portion of the car. 4th. The grand saloon. This is fitted up with twelve, fourteen or sixteen sections, with space for tables between each, and in these the meals are served. You, while on this car, own the space you occupy as much as you do your room at home, and no one can hurry you while at meals, nor are you forced to give it up to allow any other per son to occupy it. At night, as if by magic, this saloon is changed into a boudoir, and here your couch is prepared, and here you rest yourself, isolated, and as separate from your fellow-travelers as you would be in your own bed-chamber. 5th. An elegant drawing-room, with room for six or eight persons. This is found alone in these magnificent cars. In it you or your family or party of friends may be as secludec as you please, or you can slide open the end and have the company of those in the grand saloon. 6th. Charmingly arranged lavatories are partitioned off, and arranged in two distinct compartments for the separate use of ladies and gentlemen. These lavatories are supplied with pure water, clean towels, combs, brush es, and, in fact, everything the most dainty may desire for the perfect performance of an elaborate toilet. 7th. Then follow conductor's and porters' rooms, linen closets, etc., etc. It will thus be seen that this car is, as its name implies, a perfect modern hotel, with all of its appliances and comforts complete. This car is taken on at the commencement of the journey, and is part of the train to its destination. In it you get your sleeping com partments and your meal accommodations, while neither encroach upon the other. En vious dining-car employees, who are paid to decry this form of Hotel car, cannot, with anything like truth on their side, give any valid or conclusive reasons for preferring the dining to the Hotel car, and they only chatter in favor of their dining car because they are paid do do so. These Hotel cars have run from New York to San Francisco and back with the Emperor Dom pedro —with Jarrett & Palmer's party, that traveled at almost lightning speed—with many a party of Cali fornia bonanza kings ; and all join in pledg ing their honor that the cars are incompara ble. Two lines of these celebrated cars run be tween New York and Chicago, and one line only between Chicago and Omaha. It may r»e needless to say that this last named line runs over the steel track of the Chicago & North-Western Railway. That these cars are attracting a large share of the California travel, both ways, might easily be conjectur ed. Any road deserves to be patronized that is enterprising enough to give the traveling public such facilities as are freely tendered by the Chicago & North-Western Railway on its California line. We have neglected to say that, in these Hotel cars, the meals are a la carte—you pay for what you get, and nothing more ; and this at very reasonable rates.— TA* Tribune , April 7th , 1877 . Somebody writes to a rural paper to ask "how long cows should be milked ?" " Why, the same as short cows, of course." Facta About the Black Hills. Except perhaps San Juan, no part of the country is receiving more vigorous attention from newspaper correspondents than the Black Hills. There is a vast amount of nonsense and exaggeration in the Eastern journals on the subject, and many erroneous impressions are conveyed by the publication ef letters which on their face bear evidences of the ignorance of their writers concerning the subject in hand. A gold or silver mine is still something so new and vague to the minds of the general public, that nothing is easier than self-deception as to the true or prospective value of such properties, and ex citements, which rarely fail to result disas trously, at least for a time, are easily inaugu rated and still more easily stimulated. Probably the Black Hills and the Big Horn country, including the yet unexplored country below the Missouri in Southern Montana, is the last gold field that will be opened in the West. For many years past it has been thought that these localities were rich in the precious metals, but the Sioux have held heir own so well heretofore that very few parties have been able to explore or prospect within the limits of their reservation. These districts are, however, now at last open to the miner, and the work clone there during last year has given such evidences of their wealth that the rush this season will neces sarily be large, and perhaps unprecedented. In view of this, some well-supported facts concerning the new fields will not be without value. The districts yet known to be rich in gold are not more than a dozen in number, and, even should they pay as well this year as last (which is not to be expected) cannot possibly sustain a population of over 3,000 souls. The yield of precious metal last year, according to the most liberal estimates, did not exceed $1,000,000, and in all probability fell much below that figure. In a new country where money cannot be duplicated by bank ing facilities, where there are no oppoztu nities for the support of middle-men in man ufacturing or ore reduction, and where agri culture has gained no foothold, so that every thing needed must be imported, a very much larger production of raw material is required to sustain life than otherwise. Expectant emigrants to the Black Hills should look this point squarely in the face and weigh it well. If they go, there are absolutely no chances to obtain work, and they must look to their own resources entirely for support. The cost of living is about double what it is in the States, and fifty per cent, greater than in the majority of old mining camps. Every new man who comes to the Hills without a pur pose, and the means to carry that purpose into effect, will be a dead weight on the country and a stumbling block in his own way.— Engineering and Mining Journal. Sprln?. The wit of the St. Louis Globe Democrat, thus portrays the advent of spring : " Now dawns once more the era of fresh butter, new laid eggs and cackling hens. Again burst into bloom the hcpatica and the hand organ. Immature veal invades the %mguin ary market, and melancholy cows go lowing for calves that are not. Chickens make love under currant bushes, and the chameleon tree-toad warbles his vesper hymn from the imperial poplar. Litters of vernal piglings suddenly populate old hogsheads in sheltered nooks. The cowslip blossoms in the vale, and cats wail their ballads of platonic love and their wild songs of impending conflict from the whitewashed battlements of the hen-coop. The robin pipes his roundelay in the sleeper's ear at dawn, sweet as the sol emn song ascending from the choral throat of the unannointed cart-wheel. Turtles shout to each other across intervening marshes, bragging of posthumous terrapin soup ; the raven glances down with calm serenity upon the arable land ; and the unawed angle worm gazes pathetically up as he rolls from the verge of the avenging plowshare. It is spring. ^ - Another good story is told on Senator Flannagan, of Texas. When he left Wash ington he took with him as baggage a barrel of whisky. Before reaching home his barrel of whisky was challenged, and he was accused of traveling with suspicious baggage. He valiantly defended.his property, and said that it was "Congress water," and had been pre scribed for the preservation of his health: Judge Schaeffer, of Utah, unpoetically de cides, first, that Ann Eliza lacked eighteen of being Brigham Young's lawful wife, and is therefore not a rightful suitor for divorce from the prophet ; secondly, that her cohab itation with him was, in the eye of the law, menial service, and as such gives her claim to reasonable compensation only, which com pensation she has already more than received in the shape of alimony. So Mrs. No. 19 walks out of court. a Postmaster General Key has decided upon the trial of a new scheme of adver tising for his Department. He has accepted the proposition of a firm of advertising agents to procure thé' advertising of mail lettings at ten per cent, less than the Department would pay the newspapers direct. Some of the newspapers do not like it, and Mr. t Key him self regards it simply as an experiment, to be continued if it works well, if otherwise to be dropped. Germany regards the Danube as a German river, and the question is, will she allow its month to fall into the hands of Russia and eave all her great interests in the fruitful valley to be controlled by the Slavic Power? is in at BLOODY DEED Murder of Louis Ell—Escape of ttie : Mur derer—The NlierllT in Pursuit. One of the most brutal murders that ha» ever occurred iu this Territory was perpetra ted in the vicinity of the Tetoif river, on the afternoon of Wednesday, the 2d inst. A Frenchman named Louis Ell, well known in this community, was butchered in a most brutal manner by a man named John Brown, formerly of Bismarck, and for some time a resident of Missoula county. Ell had attach ed some furs belonging to Brown, for a debt which the latter refused to pay. On the day following the seizure the two men met on a hill near the Government Coulee, when Brown plunged a sharp-edged butcher knife into Ell's abdomen, and wrenching the wea pon sidewise, almost severed the unfortunate man in twain, killing him instantly. The murder was evidently premeditated, as Brown had his horse ready saddled, and the moment the bloody deed was done he mounted and started, it is supposed, for the boundary line. Sheriff Rowe started iu pursuit of the wretch, as soon as possible after the news came to Benton. LATK1L 08 i 8hiC6 the above waf in print we have re ceived the following report from a halfbreed who was an eye-witness of the murder: The two men had been to the halfbreed camp ou the Teton, but were returning to Benton. Our informant was standing at the door of his tent when the men rode away together, and. he heard one of them call the other a lisi:* He next saw them dismounted. Ell was on the ground and Brown was in the act of drawing the knife from his body.. The wounded man got upon his feet and came to wards the half breed camp, followed by Brown, who, no doubt, intended to finish his victim. The halfbreed, our informant, attempted to interfere, but Brown flourished his knife and told him to keep off or he would serve him the same. The halfbreed then went to his tent for a weapon, and returning met Brown at the door of the tent. A tussle ensued, iif which Brown was knocked down, and the knife with which he had.stabbed Ell fell on the ground and was picked up, by .the half breed before the murderer could recover 'L Brown, however,.managed to reach his horse and make his escape. Ell died about fifteen minutes after reaching the tent. LATER STILL. Sheriff Rowe captured Brown at a point about seventy miles up the Marias river. The murderer is in Benton jail.— Denton Record r 4th inst. Tn» Steamer Germania, the ocean racer of the White Star line, has just made the extra ordinary time of seven days, eleven hours and thirty-five minutes, from Queenstown to New York. This is six and a half hours faster than any previous passage, beating the time of the City of Berlin made in 1875. The Germania held the championship pre vious to the fast run of the City of Berlin, having made it in July, 1875, in seven days, twenty-three hours ond seven minutes. She has now beaten her old time more than eleven and a half hours. During her last run she made an average of fifteen and three quarter miles per hour, and frequently over four hundred miles per day. The New York Times believes that the par ties of the immediate future will still be Re publican and Democrat, and says: "Parties are neither made nor destroyed in the off hand manner; they are created or modified by events that are beyond individual control. The supposition that the Whig party may be restored to life by a system of internal im provements and other measures with which, in by-gone days, the party was identified is among the wildest of the ideas now afloat in certain Southern newspapers." Brother Fitzgerald says, in his Home Newspaper : The present "hard times" in California are pinching many in an unwonted way, but they are not without their compen sating benefit. They will help to correct the careless habits of "flush times," now departed forever. A large class of early day Califor nians spent the dollar they had and also the dollar they hoped to get. Everybody had great expectations, and everybody had credit. Things are changed now. Vague and vision ary expectations are giving way to sober cal culation on a basis of fact. Credit must have a support in the way of character or property in sight. Extravagance will be checked. The loafer will have to go to work. Reckless speculation will be diminished. Businesss integrity, tried in the fire, will be at a premi um. The slow and steady gains of system atic industry will reward the worthy. These are benefits which will, in some measure, compensate California for the new' experi ence of real "hard times." Jay Gould lives right among the fashion ables, but he never goes into society. His name never appears on the list of officers at public meetings. He drives out, but he is seldom recognized, for his face is not a famil iar one. He is the power in Wall street, yet is rarely seen there, all his business being transacted by telegraph. He never dissipates, but he can take a glass of wine or smoke a. cigar with thorough satisfaction. In appea;*. ance he is one of the plainest rich men to>bs , seen in New York. There are few residences in Now York more tastefully or more richly furnished than bis. It is in the center of the fashionable churches, but he is not a regular ,, attendant at any of them. It is the little things that tell. ; Throw shot at a man's window and he i* eg pa&d ep# you threw beans.