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Helena weekly herald. [volume] (Helena, Mont.) 1867-1900, May 10, 1877, Image 4

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THE WEEKLY HERALD
S. E. PISE...........................Editor.
THURSDAY, MAY 10, 18ÎT.
last AA'D most IA AICkSHIKLE.
Among other late items by slow freight, we
hear that the Southern Pacific Railroad has
reached the Colorado river in the vicinity of
Fort Yuma, thus touching the western boun
dary of Arizona. Thus another captive is
released îrom confinement, and poor Mon
tana is left almost alone in its isolation of all
the States and Territories. New Mexico has
a railroad on its northern border pushing on
from Colorado, while at least three other
lines are converging from other directions
and will soon pass its borders. Washington
has a piece of railroad from the Columbia to
Tacoma on the Sound, and plenty of ocean
and river steamers, and though rather off
from the lines and hives of immigration, her
citizens can live even now surrounded with
all the luxuries and comforts of an old set
tled State. f
Wyoming borders on two States and has a
first-class railroad through its entire length.
Dakota also rests against two sovereign
States, and is penetrated to the center by the
North Pacific Railroad in addition to another
from the south east as far as Yankton, be
sides the Missouri wriggles through it diag
onally, furnishing an immense extent of
river bank for steamboat wharves.
Behind all the rest, but yet far in advance
of Montana in facility of access is Idaho,
but the Central Pacific Railroad at Kelton
cannot be more than twenty-five miles from
the southern line of the Territory, while the
nearest approach of the iron rail to our near
est border is at least 450 miles. All of the
other Territories without an exception touch
at least one State in some part of the cir
cumference, but poor Montana is touched
only by three of the weakest of the Terri
tories. Weak as we arc, we are stronger
than our neighbors, though they have the
support of abutting States. It is worth some
thing to have a State for a neighbor, for then
there can be some assurances that adjoining
localités with similar interests will be rep
resented in both Houses of Congress, and
the States seeking their own benefit will ex
tend some share there of the neighboring
communities. Poor Montana has not a
neighbor to help her, if they were eager to
do so. We had almost forgotten that,
though so far disconnected from the substan
tial iron rail, we do sometimes for a few mo
ments hold converse with the active world
by a fragile wire suspended by still more fra
gile poles. But this is something, and we
would not be guilty of making our solitude
appear more lonely than it is. It is some
melancholy satisfaction to gaze upon the
standing poles and hear the wind murmur its
dirges over the monuments of the deferred
and disappointed hopes.
There is another gleam of light and hope
from the north, too. Though other Pacific
roads hang in lofig and doubtful suspense,
there is a chance for the construction of the
Canadian Pacific in advance of all the rest.
It is worth consideration in connection with
the proposed line to Benton, whether it would
not be well to extend the line on north to
meet this most hopeful link between the great
lakes and the greater ocean. Both Winnipeg
and British Columbia are enterprising, thrifty
colonies, and we could develope with each
much profitable trade. A reciprocity treaty
will probably soon obliterate the only restric
tive bar. There is a portion of the year when
this connecting road would bring much trade
to the river, and would always serve our
northern neigbors a good turn in keeping
railroad freights at fair rates.
If, like Idaho, we had a railroad within 25
miles of our borders, we would not have
waited six months to have had a connecting
line inside our boundaries, but 500 miles is
beyond our developed wealth and resources.
Looking at the map and considering the gen
eral features of our situation, it does look as
though Montana was chosen by fate to be
the last of all the Territories to be reached
by the tide of settlement, enterprise and com
merce ; but after all this is not so, thanks to
the Missouri river, the wealth of our mines,
and the energy of our people. Montana is
better off to-day than Wyoming and Idaho,
with their sole dependence upon the extor
tionate monopoly of an unrivalled road, better
off than Utah, with its Mormons, and New
Mexico, with its (greasers, or Arizona, with
its deserts and Apaches.
In spite of the foul slander of Senator Ing
alls, who characterized its waters as "too
thick for a beverage and too thin for naviga
tion," the Missouri river is better than the
Euphrates >r the Nile, or even than the
Danube. It is and always will be the chief
artery to furnish life-blood to Montana com
merce.
The Sultan*» Proclamai !•
London, April 27. —'The following is the
text of the Sultan's proclamation to the army:
"As Russia has declared war, we are forced
to take up arms. We have always wished
peace, and have listened to the advice of the
Powers in this respect. But Russia wants to
destroy our independence, and so if Russia
attacks us, God, who protects right and jus
tice, will grant us victory. Our soldiers will
defend with their blood the country gained
by their ancestors, and by the help of God,
will maintain the independence of the nation.'
The Sultan will go to the army and raise the
standard at Kalafat, and he is ready to sacri
fice his life for the honor and independence,
of the country.
is
CUSTER COUNTY.
We are glad to learn that a different con
clusion has been reached in regard to the
powers of organizing new counties, and that
commissioners have been appointed who will
complete the organization of the new county
of Custer, formerly called Big Horn. It is of
great importance that civil law should enter
simultaneously with settlement, and that men
should become accustomed to uphold and
obey law from the first organization of a new
society. Some kind of government is needed
and will exist, if not according to law then
in defiance thereof, appealing to a principle
that lies at the foundation of civil law itself—
self protection. In the earliest stages of so
ciety in new Territories, civil law is not only
slow in making its entry, but as often at first
falls into weak hands who neglect or abuse
it. We esteem it an advantage that officers
should at first be appointed rather than elec
ted. It will offener result in the selection of
good men. Until men have acquired some
permanent interest or residence in a locality
and become acquainted with the character of
men about them, they have no interest in
elections and will either not attend the polls
or throw their vote for the first man who asks
it. Those who seek for an office on their first
entrance to a country, are rarely fit for the
positions they seek. They are carpet-baggers
in the worst sense of the term, soldiers of
fortune, seeking places to make money, and
not very careful how it is done. At the first
organization of a new county it needs more
than ever men of prudence, thoroughly iden
tified with the more permanent interests of
the country. If its officials are only inter
ested in stirring up strife and making busi
ness for the sake of drawing fees, a county
esu soon be overwhelmed and crippled by a
debt and honest men become disgusted by the
sight of legalized robbery carried on in the
sacred name of law.
We are glad to know that Custer county
starts out early with civil government admin
istered by those who seem to have been wisely
chosen. It can hardly be otherwise than
that the permanent establishment of military
posts of such magnitude and the presence of
4,000 soldiers could fail to attract a large set
tlement of those engaged in various capaci
ties of supplying the wants of such a large
body of men. Fort Ellis has in a large de
gree supported Bozeman and Gallatin county,
but there will be at least four times as many
soldiers in Custer county this season as ever
were in Gallatin. Some will think it unwise
to organize a county for a people whose stay
is so precarious. If the posts should be re
moved soon, the population dependent thereon
would soon follow. While this is mostly
true, yet we think there is very little chance
of the posts being removed for many years.
We know of no place in the country where
they can possibly be needed so much as there.
We do not know the sincerity of the present
pacific movements of the Indians. We do
know that the Sioux are the strongest, bravest
and most dangerous of all the Indian tribes,
very unlikely to remain quiet long at any
time, and easily recalled to the war-path by
the prospect of a good chance.
Some think there is prospect of a war with
Mexico. It is undoubtedly the wish of many
who have not lost their relish for military
life and have never found good positions in
civil life, but our President and his Cabinet,
it must be remembered, no longer represent
the military feeling or interests of the nation.
If very anxious for war we might find cause,
but it can as easily and more justly as well as
profitably be avoided.
Everything indicates a long reign of peace
and the troops are very likely to remain in
the valley of the Yellowstone for many years.
We rejoice at it, for it will lead to the im
provement of our rivers, the permanent set
tlement of our waste country, the interposi
tion of an effectual barrier between our pres
ent settlements and danger from Indians, and
still further it will help to hasten the day
when the North Pacific in some hands and
by some agency shall be pushed westward
from its present terminus. It is not impro
bable that before the present season is over,
we may be getting our Eastern mails by way
of the Yellowstone.
George Alfred Townsend is mad, and
says: "The representative dead-beat is the
American humorist. It is he who is engaged
in the painful and laborious task of degrad
ing our newspaper literature with his far
fetched quirks and ineffectual puns ; his de
testable ribaldry and strained after conse
quence in the turn of a frivolous paragraph.
He is a moral and mental dwarf ; his mind is
an ash-heap; his language is poppycock.
When men wrote good English the whipping
post was universal. It flourished all through
the period)of Shakespeare, Messinger and Mil
ton. It was a warning to fools. Since it has
been suppressed, humorists steal forth,
like that courtier fellow in King Lear, to
prick old Kent, whose loyalty has got him in
the stocks. Humor, its reality, is of heaven's
own condescension ; it is kind in its cutting
ness, your good mother cutting your hair.
But this is not humor that is dumped into
most of the newspapers—-this laborious gnaw
ing away at words and perversion of conclu
sions."
General Butleb is preparing a new speech
on the greenback question to deliver at the
extra session, if general business of any kind
is taken up. If not, then next winter. He
says that he has made up his mind that the
whole currency question shall be reopened
again and argued from the foundation up.
From the manner in which he refers to the
speech he intends to deliver, he evidently re
gards it as one that will raise the dead.
is
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in
THE RESURRECTION AND THE JLIFE.
There was a cynic who, on reading " The
Resurrection " in the New North - West, ob
served that the editor of that paper had never
slung any large amount of mud, but develop
ed a remarkable capacity for eating it. It
wus a shallow observation, and only illustrates
the proneness of men to take a narrow view
of passing events. The editor*of that paper
wholly loses sight of the impulse of the At
torney General in furnishing this letter to
Secretary Schurz, and treats it as if it was a
merely personal quarrel between Potts and
himself, which, if he forgave, no one had a
right to complain of. The fact is that letter
is a revelation. It betrays an ignorance of
the duty and mission of the government, and
shows how utterly unconscious the writer is
of the idea of civil service reform. Accord
ing to Capt. Mills' own account, the Attorney
General had joined a ring of thieves and plun
derers in Montana, and was using his power
to shield them from the consequences ot their
larceny. Captain Mills saw this liason of
Plunder and Power, and mildly divulged it to
aid the government.
Whereupon the»Governor, with character
istic stupidity, as he could not consign the
editor to the flames, nor prescribe for him
the rack and thumb-screw, proposes to visit
upon him the Gubernatorial wrath and he
invites the aid of the General Government
to the crusade, hoping to deprive Capt. Mills
of $52 wages for some well done work.
And lest the Government should decline to
engage in so small a performance, he writes
to the Attorney General that Mills had abused
him roundly, hoping to excite his animosity
against a private citizen of Deer Lodge so
that he would launch the national cannon
against the New North - West and destroy it—
utterly. Capt. Mills' own statement of the
case is the Governor's certain conviction.
That cartoon of Nast's in the last Harper's
Weekly of Jackson riding a blind swine, as
serting that the spoils belong to the victors, is
a feeble exhibition compared with the one
which the Governor makes of himself on
Capt. Mills' own showing. The Governor
wants not only the spoils but revenge, and he
does not hesitate to lie in an official communi
cation to obtain it, so Capt. M. says.
A crusader of ignorance, he would smother
all independence of thought, expression and
action. He has aspired in all his action in
Montana to be what he was toward Captain
Mills, in the instance which Capt. Mills so
sweetly forgives—an official bully. He has
never once given expression to a noble
thought, Dor warmed himself or others with
a noble endeavor. His lofty speech is yet
unspoken ; his inspiring poem is yet unsung.
His letters are the laughing stock of all who
know any thing of them between the two
oceans.
President Hayes' respeeful mention of the
mistaken, intemperate, but honest zeal of ex
Senator Wade is a model of the new era, and
shows that under his administration there is
to be the freest scope for opinion and its ex
pression, and that the day of such men as
could write in an official communication of
Capt. Mills as a "mud-slinger," and invoking
on him for discharging what he considered
a patriotic duty, Executive revenge, has pass
ed away. Captain Mills may forgive all this,
but it is every other person's business.
No man who knew the province of govern
ment ; no man who was deferential to others'
opinions ; no man who was not content to be
a spy and tattler, could have been guilty of
that letter. Gen. Devens so regards, it and if
Mills forgives, there are many left who think
a Governor should not slander, persecute, or
whine officially at a little healthy criticism,
who do not forgive, and who have a right to
insist that such coarseness shall content itself
with the inconspicuous position of private
citizenship.
—Continuing our ride up the Ruby valley
from the Hot Springs three miles, we reach
ed Mr. James E. Callaway's stock ranches
just in time to be about half an hour too late
to meet with the proprietor, he having left
for his Sweetwater farm. We found a labor
er in charge of the premises, who showed us
around through the commodious corrals,
stables and barns. Mr. C. is one of the cat
tle kings of this section, and has in his herd
some very fine thoroughbreds. A thorough
bred bull which we saw in the pasture is a
very large animal, and though not in as good
condition as some others, haying roughed it
through the winter, is looking well. We also
noticed some excellent yearlings sired by him.
Mr. C. has three stock ranches, well fenced,
and most excellent hay lands. The dwellings
upon his farm are small but cozy. He lives
in Virginia most of the time, but brings his
family out to the country for a few months
during the summer season .—'Correspondence
Husbandman.
In the District Court, the case of Annie M.
Dyas vs. James J. Keaton, an action for de
famation of character, attracted unusual in
terest, and the court room was crowded from
the beginning to the close of the trial. About
one hour after the case waa given into the
hands of the jury, a verdict for $5,000 for the
plaintiff was returned. This was the full
amount asked, and was the fullest vindication
the law could give. Miss Dyas has a large
circle of friends throughout the Territory,
who will be glad to learn that the verdict is
in full accord with public sentiment, and that
she bas passed the fearful ordeal of a slander
suit unscathed—with a reputation unsullied
by the slightest breath of slander.— Husband
man, 3 dinst.
MODEL REFORMER.
The child-like simplicity and naturalness,
to say nothing of the originality and novelty
of the suggestion with which the editor of
the Independent urges for Civil Service Re
form that our Delegate in Congress should be
consulted, and he alone , about the appoint
ments to be made by the Administration in
our Territory, is altogether worthy of one
who declaims furiously against monopoly
while exercising one of the most obnoxious
and oppressive kind. Why ! bless your poor
innocent heart ; this sort of reform that you
recommend is exactly the same that General
Butler is the champion of. Who knows tne
wants and wishes of his constituency so well
as their representative in Congress ? This is
the fundamental principle upon which our
Congress has been turned into a great bro
ker's shop for the disposal of patronage to
the neglect of their proper duties, and to the
general disgust of good citizens as well as to
the degradation of our Civil Service. Of
course, says the Independent man, it is not
expected that a Republican Administration
will appoint Democrats to office, but then the
Democratic representative is the only proper
one to designate good men for office among
his adversaries. This is funny philosophy,
but before its advocate can expect to see others
converted by such reasoning, it would look
better to see him try it for himself in hom
eopathic installments.
Now we have no objections to the Presi
dent's consulting Congressmen about appoint
ments, not even though they belong to the
opposite party. In very many cases we would
think this source of information should be
resorted to as the best to be had, but when
any one seriously advocates that the Con
gressman or Delegate should be first, always
and only consulted on such matters, you have
paved the way for the most corrupt and de
graded system of Civil Service ever practiced
or conceived of. In the first place it de
bauches the elections, when it is understood
that the Congressman has control of the Ex
ecutive Audience Chamber. The Congres
sional aspirant begins his canvass by appor
tioning public positions in exchange for sup
port. It is truck and dicker from first to last.
It leads to the packing of cau<|usses and
conventions, and results in dictation to the
public who shall be candidates even.
In the next and principal place, it interferes
with, and almost entirely monopolizes the at
tention of Congressmen to the neglect of the
most essential duties of their position. They
are deluged with applications for office, in
volved in every contest among rival aspi
rants, driven to practice deception, or resort
to disgraceful subterfuges to keep peace in
the party and secure a re-election till they
have no time to study the measures before
Congress for intelligent action and voting.
There is no way to have Congressmen of
any use in maturing legislation until they are
relieved of all care, distraction, and respon
sibility in the matter of appointments. On
the soundest principles that human experi
ence has disclosed for our guidance, we would
have it made an offense punishable with se
vere penalties to importune a Congressman
for his influence for an office, and for him to
exercise his influence for such purposes.
What sense is there in providing in the
constitution that Congressmen shall be ex
empt from arrest for everything except the
highest crimes, during their attendance at the
sessions of their houses and in going and re
turning, if they are to be exposed and arrested
at every street corner at any hour of the day
or night by a hungry horde of office-seekers,
drawn away from duty, threatened, bribed,
and distracted, left without time or patience
to attend to their legitimate duties. It looks
like neglecting the weightier matters of the
law for the tithes of mint
Lastly, this system interferes with the pro
per discharge of the appointing power by the
chief responsible officer. When a Congress
man recommends for office, it is tacitly re
cognized that his support of administration
measures is contingent upon the attention
paid to his recommendations. It results in
dictation on the one side and blind subservi
ence on the other, else it is war and interrup
tion of business. We desire to see every de
partment of government left free as possible,
to feel to the utmost the sense of responsi
bility for the discharge of its own proper du
ties. There is no such a thing as civil serv
ice reform possible while appointments are
dictated by Congressmen. When this evil,
together with lobbying, are stamped and pun
ished as crimes, civil service reform will be
well advanced towards maturity.
The President has decided hereafter not to
permit the names of persons designated to
be postmasters to be made public until the
day of the issuance of their commission.
According to the practice hitherto, several
days have intervened between the time the
appointment was determined upon and the
issuance of the commission. These days
have been used by the opponents of the per
son appointed to defeat him, and have re
sulted in bringing unpleasant political pres
sure to bear. This is to be stopped by the
new regulations.
Over 600 amateur journals died their
death's last winter in this country. The boys
who fondly hoped to stand under the hat of
Horace Greeley are now striking out in
another direction.
General Sherman proposes to allow some
of our ablest young officers to go abroad and
serve as volunteer aids on the staffs of the
commanding Generals.
a
TELEGRAMS
REPORTED SPECIALLY FOR TEE HKHAT.n B'y
WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY.
The L»w in Relation to Desert Lands.
New York, May 2.—The World's Wash
ington special says : The dispatch from San
Francisco announcing that a party of capital
ists had secured large tracts of land in that
State under the act of Congress passed at the
last session providing for the sale of desert
lands in certain States and Territories, and
intimating that the act itself was a job, has
caused inquiries into the bill itself and the
manner of its passage. It was approved by
the President on March 3d, and came out of
conference and passed both houses on that
day. Senators Sargent, Oglesby and Kelly
were the managers of the conference on the
part of the Senate, and Messrs. Luttrel, Lane
and Crounse in the House. The act only
applies to California, Oregon and Nevada,
and the Territories of Wyoming, Idaho, Utah,
Arizona, Washington, New Mexico, Dakota
and Montana. It is very evident that a com
bination of persons could secure lands which
could be made valuable under this act. and
there is no doubt that the act was smuggled
through Congress without its real purport
being known. At the time, it is said, that
Morrison denounced it as a job, though the
Record fails to record him.
Mass Meeting »I Eouisvllle, Ky.
Louisville, (Ky.) May 2.—The following
explains itself:
To His Excellency , R. B. Hayes, President of
the United States :
The citizens of Louisville, irrespective of
party, in mass meeting assembled, joyously
give glory to God on high, and thanks to
your patriotism that the Union is once more
perfect and complete in every part—a union
of hearts and a union of hands—and earn
estly pray that God m his mercy may forever
vouchsafe peace, prosperity and happiness to
the American people.
(Signed) CHAS. D. JACOBS, Mayor.
Assassination Again Rife in Mississippi.
Washington, May 2.—The Mississippi Re
publicans are excited over the assassination
of Judge Chisholm, John P. Gilmer and A.
McClelland. These men were leading Re
publicans, and among the largest property
owners in that section. They were natives
of the South and served in the Confederate
army. Chisholm and Gilmer have held re
sponsible positions in Mississippi. After the
war Chisholm advocated the acceptance of
reconstruction, and early became an active
Republican. He was probate Judge of tiffs
county before the rebellion, and was elected
Sheriff of Kemper county after reconstruc
tion, which office he held till fall, when he
was a Republican candidate for Congress in
the Third District. Gilmer was State Senator
three or four years. It is believed that the
assassination of these men was the result of a
pre-arranged plan, and that the assassination
of Grilly a short time previous was seized
upon as a pretext for arresting Chisholm and
Gilmer, in order that they might be disarmed
and killed. Chisholm leaves a wife and sev
eral children. Both of these men testified be
fore the Senate Committee on Privileges and
Elections in February last, and previous to
leaving this city stated to friends that they
would be murdered upon returning to Mis
sissippi because of the testimony they gave
before the Senate Committee.
Labo» Riot In Virginia City, Nevada.
Virginia City, (Nev.) May 2.—Great ex
citement prevails here to-day over the pros
pect of a labor riot. J. D. Bardwell, the
man who organized a co-operative mill and
mining company to practically reduce miners'
wages to three dollars per day by securing
them employment and taking their notes for
$100, payable in installments of one dollar
per day, was notified by the miners' union
that he must desist, and on the written notice
were the words, "A word to the wise is suf
ficient." He was stopped by a crowd of men
in front of the post office at 11 a. m. to-day,
and asked to explain his conduct, when he
ran through a tinshop and fled down the
canyon, followed by several hundred men.
Lynching and shooting were freely talked of.
A party are still on his track and it is believed
he will never return alive. Tne miners hint
ominously of a labor riot. The iron moulders
are on a strike, and will parade the streets to
night with a band.
►* ---
The Iuctians..
Chicago, April 27 .— The Tribune's special
from Red Cloud Agency, Nebraska, says :
General Crook will leave here to-morrow for
Chicago, to consult with Sheridan upon the
Indian matters in this Department, and will
probably extend his visit to Washington. He
will be accompanied by Colonel Forsythe of
Sheridan's staff. Couriers continue to arrive
daily from Crazy Horse, reporting bis ap
proach to this agency with all his people. He
will doubtless be here within a week, when
the Sioux war may be considered at an end.
Crook goes East, it is supposed, to arrange
for a permanent reservation for the Sioux.
———a--—
The President*» Opinion.
New York, May 2.— The Tribune's Wash
ington special says : The President said to
Dr. Loring, member select of the present
House, that he did not anticipate the exti a
^session would have a disturbing influence
upon the country, nor did he believe the Re
publican candidate would be elected Speakei.
He does not expect his Southern policy w ill
disintegrate either party, but that it will have
a softening effect upon the Southern peuple

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