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Helena, Montana, Thursday, November 22, 1877. No. i THE WEEKLY HERALD PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. FISK BROS., - Publishers. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION, Terms for the dAIi'.y herald. ity Subscribers (delivered by carrier) per month, $3 00 BY MAIL. O e copy one month.......................... 3 00 One copy three months ........................ 6 00 One copy six months........ 12 00 « me copy one year..............................22 00 TERMS FOR THE WEEKLY HERALD. One year ........................................I® 00 S x months...................................... 3 80 Three mouths...................................2 80 THE TEN LITTLE ORASSIIOPPEH8. Ten little grasshoppers Sitting on a vine ; One ate too much green corn. Then there were but nine. Mine little grasshoppers. Just the size for bait; A little boy went nshin': Then there were "'ut eight. Eight little grasshoppers Stayed out atter 'leven ; A white frost nipped one. Then there were seven. Seven little grashoppers Lived between two bricks ; There came a hurricane, Then there were six. Six little grasshoppers Found an old bee-hive ; One found a bumble-bee, Then there were live. Five little grasshoppers Hopping on the floor; Pussy took one for a mouse, Then there were four. Four little grasshoppers Found a green pea ; Had a light about it, Then there were three. Three little grasshoppers Sighed for pastures new ; Tried to cross the river, Then there were two. Two little grasshoppers Sitting on a stone; A turkey gobbler passed that way Then there was one. One little grasshopper Chirped good-bye at the door; Said he'd come next summer, With nine millions more. Half-Breed Beauties. Intermarriages With the "pale face" at Standing Hock Agency are quite frequent. The interpreter, a white man, has an Indian wife. He has been with them ten years, and is a man of intelligence and quiet, gentle ways. One of the daintiest of feet, wearing a number one boot, is owned by a young half-breed girl of sixteen years, the daughter of Mrs. Galpin, an Indian woman, now the widow of a white man, a resident of this agency. Mrs. Galpin never speaks a word of English, declines to do so, though she un derstands it very well. She is a woman of superior mind, and highly respected by both the whites and Indians. She has four daugh ters. Two of them are married to white men, one of them is Mrs. Harmon, the wife of Capt. Harmon, post-trader at Fort Lin coln. Mrs. Harmon has a fine face, and her dark eyes and hair, with her pale,J yellow complexion, give her a most sinking appear ance. She has a good figure, and is decidedly a handsome woman. She and her sisters are well educated, with easy, graceful man ners. Miss Annie, the youngest, and the owner of the pretty little feet, lias also dainty hands. She is as brown a9 a berry, with large, saucy black eyes, regular features, and a dash of style that is very fascinating. The family are Catholics, and the daughters were educated at a convent. A. TROUBLESOME JOUE. What, wns Supposed to be a Mock Mar riage Turns out to be the Iron Clad Arrangement. [New York Special.] An elderly and well-dressed lady, Mrs. David Manning, called at the office of Mr. Suedeker, clerk of the city court of Brook lyn, to-day, to obtain advice in reference to the mock marriage of her stepdaughter, Miss Clara Manning, on August 25th, to A. M. Rodage, in Unionville, a town in the Cats kills. Miss Manning, who is only 17 years oui, went to Unn.n ville to visit friends. She was invited to the house of Mr. Brundage, " ho is a farmer. During the evening it was proposed to celebrate a mock marriage be tween Brundage and Miss Manning. The parties stood up, and a gentleman read the marriage service. At the conclusion Brun inftn u r ? 1C v hG la ? y that sli e was his law ful wedded wife, and that the ceremony had been performed by the pastor of the ITnion ville Methodist church. The giil refused to' acknowledge Brundage as her husband He persisted that she was his wife, and presen ted her with the marriage certificate, which she took home to Brooklyn. Mr. Snedeker examined the certificate and pronounced it regular, an announcement which threw the stepmother into great excitement. She said that Brundage was an awkward, ungainly fellow, at least six feet two inches in height, and that he knew' nothing above pigs and cows He W as wealthy, bnt not a suitable match for her stepdaughter, who was polite, refined, and highly educated. Mr. Snedeker advised that the young lady be sent to her , vvho ' he saif1 ' consolingly, would probably lie a much better match for lier rn 1 SO t me Clty swe11 wilh more polish titan Cntffug a Hedlclae Stone. [From the Charleston (S. C.) News.] A number of ladies and gentlemen assem bled at the tent of General Hunt, in Summer ville, on Friday last, to witness what is sel dom seen in America, or in any othW Country —the cutting and dissection of a bezoar, or medicine stone. At the appointed hour the beautiful gem was placed on the table, in spected ani admired by all present. Prof. Holmes then gave a short description of the bezoars found in Eastern countries, compar ing them with those of America, or more properly of South Carolina. The name be zoar was, he said, derived from the Persian words, "pa zahar," which signifies against poison. In the East they are called medicine stones; in Africa, bag-stones or charm-stones. The specimen exhibited on this occasion is about the size of a large hen's egg, of a mot tled yellow color, with a tint of brown, hav ing its entire surface highly polished. The polish is natural, caused by the action of the muscles of the stomach of the animal in which it was found upon each layer of mineral mat ter deposited. A piece of scantling having been prepared and mortised with a cavity just large enough to contain the stone, it wa9 im bedded therein firmly with plaster paris, the better to prevent flaking or crumbling, to which, from its laminated and brittle struc ture, it is peculiarily liable. With a very fine and highly tempered saw, it was then c«*t longitudinally through the middle, which took but a few minutes. During the cutting some little excitement was evinced a9 to what the nucleus or contents of the stone would prove to be. Upon opening the bezoar the nucleus proved to be a large and perfect acorn, which, several gentlemen present im mediately recognized a9 that of the white oak. It was covered by four layers of laminae of a mineral substance, composed generally of phosphates and carbonates of lime and irorf, and some silex. The mold of the acorn is very perfect, having all the external mark ings of the fruit. There are two impressions, apparently made by the teeth of an animal before swallowing the nut. Acorn9 are a favorite food of Carolina deer. During the autumnal months their tracks are almost al ways to be found under the oaks of the forest which have borne acorns. Thi9 is the third specimen of a bezoar that ha9 been cut and examined by Professor Holmes, and we be believe the only ones ever dissected in Amer ica. The nucleus found in the first bezoar was a flattened ball or buckshot with a frag ment of the skin and a few hairs ; the ani mal had undoubtedly been wounded six years before it had been killed, as there were six layers or laminae of mineral*matter surround ing the buckshot. The second bezoar cut contained a pebble of quartz. Julea Verne Emulated. [Record-Uuion.] It will be remembered by all who have read Jules Verne's ßtory, "Hound the World in Eighty Days," that ne introduces a very remarkable sceue upon the Northern Pacific Railway. It is discovered that a bridge over a creek has been broken down, and the pass engers and engineer hold a discussion as to what shali be done. The engineer thinks that by putting on a full head of steam, he can carry the train over the creek, and finally it is put to vote, and the passengers pro nounce in favor of the experiment. They all take their seats; the engineer backs the train several miles; then he pulls the throttle valve wide open, and rushes forward ajt a hundred miles an hour. There is no time for reflection; the creek is reached in a mo ment; and the engine, followed by the train, takes a tremendous, flying leap, alighting safely upon the rails on the other side of the break. We have always considered that story as the stiffest and toughest railroad yarn extant, but yesterday the Vallejo train nearly succeeded in emulating Jules Verne',8 miraculous occurrence, for it is reported that, coming to a place where a culvert had been burned out, leaving a gap in the track, the engine fairly jumped over the break, and alighted on the rails on the other side. Un fortunately the tender and the passenger cars failed to follow suit, and their was a smash up, but it is evident that with a little training, California locomotives might be taught to jump over creeks as well as those on the plains; and if the same agility could be im parted to passenger cars, the dangers of rail road travel would be reduced to a minimum. The EHiijjuAges of the World. As time goes on the languages spoken in the world will steadily grow fewer. Three hundred years ago Cornish was beginning to disappear as a spoken language, and a simi lar fate is now being experienced by the Breton, in many respects a kiudred dialect. A Breton sailor told a traveller that three generations of his family were alive—his father, who only spoke Breton ; hhnself, who spoke French and Breton, and his son, who only spoke French. Bo in Ireland every year the number of those speaking Irish decreases. Twelve years ago a tourist in Kerry met a well-dressed young man of the farmer class on a country road, of whom he asked some questions, which were an swered very politely, but very little to the point. At length he said : "Truth is, sir, I can speak very little English." Asking some well to-do peasant women in Clare for some milk, they made signs for him to wait and called a man, who interpreted. The rising generation, however, nearly all speak English, except some on the wild Atlantic washed Islands. In the Isle of Man it is as described in Breton. The Welsh, however, stick to their vernacular, and when you get into a rural district in a country not con tiguous to the English border, you might almost as well be in Russia. THE SHERMAN FAMILY. The tieneral's Familiar Ways and His »'lie's Reserve—Join» a Busy Man. [WäsLihgiön CoFreepondtihGe Albany Journal, f At breakfast, day before yesterday, while discussing my matudinal watties and looking across the room between mouthfuls at Uie bulldog face of "Hamburg" Butler, wonder ing whether 1 could ever accustom uiySelf to look at it without suddering, there came a little rustle aud a seuse of unwonted interest into the full diniug room, and glancing over at the left door of entrance I saw the tall, lithe figure of Gen. Sherman enter, just that moment iu from his long journey, and cross ing the room, he took his seat at his old table, at the head toward the window 7 , just across from Judge Key. Each table seats about eight persons, and pleasant little groups grow up as the affinities assert themselves all over the great dining room. The General's en trance was the signal for an informal ovation. He is looking in splendid health—better than when he went away. All our military gen tlemen attire themselves in quiet citizen's dress, except on occasions of distinction. Handsome Colonels Audenried and Tourte lotte, of General Sherman's staff, sit respec tively at his right and left. The General's family are not here at present, but a part of them at least will join him here this winter. It is greatly to be regretted that Mrs. Sher man is such a strong Romanist. She desires no intimate friendships outside her own church ; she is a plump, matronly, lady-like woman, but there always séems a veil be tween one's heart and her. Her devoteeism seems to accentuate all the more the General's well-known love for gaieties. He is the very antipodes of his brother, the Sec retary, in this. I never have seen John Sher man at the theatre, very often at church (the Epiphany), but rarely at a reception. He i9 one of the busiest of men, and tije most se rious. The General has a light, gay manner, and goes into little enthusiasms over each new actress who makes a hit here. He has a lik ing for opera bouffe, and a very great enjoy ment of the Germans and receptions of the society season, where he is always an honor ed and petted guest. Mrs. Sherman rarely goes out with him, but usually his eldest un married daughter. The years have told upon him in his whitened beard and furrowing face since he led our hero boys marching through Georgi-ay ; but his heart is eternally young. While the Secretary's my favorite of the two distinguished brothers, infinitely more satisfactory and dependable for a thoughtful woman to talk with, yet the Gen eral must be recognized as a type by himself: one of the characteristic and extraordma.j men of the country. The statistics of Failures. The Mercantile Agency of Dunn, Barlow & Co. gives the total number of falures in the United States, for the first nine months of 1877, at 6,565, with liabilities ot $141,952, 256, against 7,020 failures, and $156,272,800 liabilities for 1876. In Canada the failures iu 1877 have been 1,046, with $20,904,976 liabilities, against 1,256 failures and $17, 686,150 liabilities, in 1876. Divided into periods of three rnonths } the failures for 1877 have been as follows : First quarter, 2,869 failures, with $54,508,074 liabilities ; second quarter, 1,880 failures, with ' $45,068,097 lia bilities; third quarter, 1,816 failures, with $42,346,085 liabilities. The circular says : "The failures in the third quarter of the present year are less, both in number and amount than for either of the two preceding quarters, and that they are also less in very marked amount than for the corresponding quarter of last year. For the past nine months the totals show a similar gatifying decrease. Taken in connection with the im proved business in merchandise which the autnmn months have thus far witnessed, and the certainty tfiat a great crop of produce Î9 now being marketed at a good price, the hope may be entertained that the worst effects of the depression have been seen." A Furious Clock. [From the Geneva Chronicle.] We had the pleasure of inspecting, the other day, at the establishment of Messrs. Golay-Leresche & Sons, Place des Berguedf a most handsome and ingenius silver clock. This clock, which is of the sort known as chronométré a fusee, marks the hours and the half seconds. To the left of the large dial is a plate whereon are marked the signs of the zodiac ; lower down are two smaller dials on which are indicated the days of the month and the days of the week respectively. To the right is an enameled piate which is con nected with an aneroid barometer and acts as a weather-gauge ; another gives tbe tempera ture. The casket in which the clock is enshrined is oruamentud at it* extesim angles with four figures symbolic of the lour seasons. The interior is adapted for the reception of jew elry and other objects of price, and the whole is surmounted with a beautifully-carved group in frosted silver. Nor is it a silent group. On a spring being touched there emerges from the hollow trunk of a tree a little bird of exquisit plumage that whistles the first bars of a lively measure. A shepherd, seated on a rock, continues the tune with his pipe ; the little bird answers, and the concert con tinues until each whistled and piped three times. Whilst this is going on a cat comes from a corner and creeps softly towards the bird and bounds on bis prey. At this mo ment both disappear and the music stops. The attitudes of all are thoroughly natural. The fingers of the shepherd move to the tune, when playing to the bird bis head turns in that direction, the latter flutters its wings and opens its mouth in the most correct way im aginable, and tbe way puss darts on her prey is true to life. AN HONEST MAN. "Over this Coffin Arches a Bow of Unques tioned Integrity." Eloquent Tribute of ï)r, Bayïiss at Morton's Funeral. Oliver Perry Morton was an honest man. No man in this country ever had such chances to enrich himself at the public expense, but there is at this point absolutely no dimness ou the glory of his career. Over this coffin arches a bow of unquestioned integrity. With abundant opportunity to die worth millions he chose to die in comparative indigence. If an honest man is the noblest work of God, then this casket holds what is mortal of one of God's noblest works. His hands are clean. He has stood against the tide of dishonest schemes and schemers—a Gibraltar against the sea. He believed and acted upon the belief, that it is better to go poor to an honored grave than to go by questionable fortune to a splendid burial. After his re turn from Oregon he said to his secretary : You must be very careful in making up the accounts, for I am sick aud cannot look af ter them, and then added : I would rather die than have a blot on my name. Battle scarred, obdurate as he was in political strife, on this subject he was as scrupulous as a Puritan and as sensitive as a woman. This man's honesty comes like sweet harmony into the discord of public greed and unscrupu lousness for the nation's sake. In his mode of life he was rigidly plain and simple. He refused to attend a court o i c be cause he would be obliged to go in court dress. If Senator Morton were alive he would not desire me to stand here and say that he was a Christian iu the ordinary sense of the term. If there was anything he despised it was a man who made a profession of Christianity insincerely and aimed to U9e his relation to the church as a means of political prefer ment. He did not make a minute study of Christian evidence, but he took the system as a whole. He saw how the religion of the bible meets the demands of a man for an in telligent faith in the Supreme Power which rules the universe. At his own table he had a silent blessing after the manner of the F*ie let* some one were present on whom he could call to perform that duty orally. As death approached his wife said : "Oliver, are you not afraid to die?" He said, "No." "Do you love your Savior?" she asked with emphasis; he answered, "I do," and added, "and my wife and boys." But time hastens. The solemn hour is here. The grave waits for the mighty, and though we weep and wonder where we can find another like him, we must prepare for the solemn knell of "earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust," Massillon at the funeral of a king of France, stood before the vast assemblage holding in his hands a golden urn which contained a lock of hair from the head of the silent monarch. Slowly he raised his band and stood motionless and pale as a statue until awe hushed the people to the stillness ot death. Minutes passed; some thought he was struck dumb before the august multitude. At last he said in tones which thrilled men with deep solmnity, "God alone is great." The death of this son of power is a blow which makes a nation reel, but as w*e stagger backward from the shock let us be grateful that we may lean against tliis pillar of truth from which springs an arch of hope that spans all worlds. Still the Lod God omnipotent reigneth ! - —§ M ►► ■ ' -* How Gould Travels. Not long ago a New York Tribune repor ter waylaid a special train which was trans porting Jay Gould aud Sidney Dillion out West on their annual tour of inspection of the Uniou Pacific and its branches. He found these railway princes in one of the latter day combination cars, which serve for sleeper, drawing room, and dining car. Mr. Gould had with him a short hand secretary and a telegraphic operator. Mr. Dillon only his short hand secretary. Mr. Gould explained to the reporter that every hour in tbe twenty - fou when absent from New York he was in communication with friends and brokers of that city. His telegraph operator had ail the necessary instruments attached to one of the tables in tbe car, with ground and connecting wires running through one panel of the car. On arriving at a terminal station, Mr. Gould notified bis fiiends in New York upon what line of road he would be the next twenty-four hours. Should they desire to communicate with him the dispatch was directed to the care of the train dispatcher of that road, who, upon its receipt, knew just where Mr. Gould's special was, and dropped the message down one station in advance. The operator at that station would signal the special and deliver the message. Upon its receipt the special would immediately pull out, and Mr. Gould would consider and digest the message. If it needed reply, he would dictate to his short hand assistant, who would translate for the operator. When the reply was ready, the engineer would be signaled, the train stopped and in two minutes the main wire would be hauled down, cut, attached to the instrument, and the message winging its way to New York. To twist the wire together, let it up, and start the train was only the work of an other minute. Mr. Gould kindly added that he used his private signature, which insured right of way for his message, which were al ways in cipher. Of course Mr. Dillon availed himself of Gould's facilities, when ever necessary, for his business. ALL SORTS. Welch is 72. Marshal MaoMaiion was the sixteenth of seventeen children, He was born June 13, // 1808. Tüe President has appointed John O. Smith, of Ohio, to be Consul General at Montreal. "No, ma'am," said a grocer to au applicant for credit, "I wouldn't even trust my own feelings." The Wisconsin Republicans estimate their majority at nearly double that given Presi dent Hayes. Beware of the devil fish. If he once reaches out for you with one of those ihirty-five loot feelers, you'll feel him. At Shreveport, Louisiana, the Republicans elected their candidates for Mayor and Ad ministrators by 600 majority. Miss Anna Dickinson is lying seriously ill of congestion of the brain at the residence of Mrs. Gen. Cbatfield, Elizabeth, N. J. A San Francisco artist has just succeeded in getting a picture of the race-horse Occi dent on a full run. It must be iu fast colors, then. Seven-eighths of the entire population of America are in debt to each other. Well, in deed, may our people be called tbe sturdy owemanry. The employees of the Omaha Smelting Works, numbering 100 men, are on a strike against lengthened hours of work without in crease of pay. Fernando Wood is the best poker player in Congress. He can bet $1,000 on v pair of nines without the least indication that he is bluffing. The Washington Republican wants Chief Joseph senttoVVest Point as professor of. Indian tactics, and to teach the cadets how to fight the aborigines. The subject of Mr. Beecher's sermon Sun day was, "Make not haste to be rich." No ; a man is a mean cuss who wants to skip along faster than $400 a night. The Republican Deputies, while giving the French government no pretext for difficulty, have determined to accept no cabinet con trary to parliamentary rules. The President of Bolivia kicked one of his Cabinet recently "with tropical ardor," for saying at a public dinner that the Executive had disgraced the national flag. G. W. Smalley's London letter to the New York Tribune says that Minister Pierre pont will return home with the good wishes of the people, and eulogistic farewells of the press. Japan is making extraordinary progress in educational matters. Nearly a hundred Amer ican and English teachers are in the employ of the government, and last year 8,000 new schools were established. Col. Chas. G. Green, for many years ed itor of the Boston Post , celebarted his golden wedding the other day. Among the presents was a heliotyped fac simile in miniature of the first issue of tbe Post , framed in gold. Alexander McAlister left his home at St. Stephens, N. B., fourteen years ago, and his friends at last gave him up as dead, but he returned the other day to say that he was a New Zealand farmer, and worth $70,000 or $80,000. Electric candles are the sensation in Paris. They emit no heat or smoke whatever, while in brilliancy they hold the same relation to gas and oil lamps as sun to moonlight, and they cost only one-fifteenth as much as gas. It is hailed as one of the greatest discoveries of the century. New York Tribune: "Mr. Prisidint,' said a delegate iu the "lndepenpent" Demo cratic Senate Convention on Wednesday ev ening, "I think we should adjourn until Sat urday night. There are as nfinny as fifteen diligate8 here in this convention who are absint." Washington is uncomfortably crowded with statesmen who expect to be the next candidate for the Presidency, apd there are plenty more scattered about the country in governors' chairs aud judge's benches. This great and glorious republic will never go to ruin because of the modesty of its sons. An old farmer, one of Judge Poland's early associates, recently called upon him at Lyndon, Vt., and was invited to take dinner at the hotel. When the old man took his seat at the table one of tire waiters laid a bill of fare before him, but he promptly handed it back, saying, "Judge Poland settles my bili." The entry of a noted desperado into Lou isville the other day, in custody of an officer, is said by a local paper to have been scarcely less conspicuous than the visit of the Presi dent and the occasion of quite as rauch ex citement as the advent of Barnum's circu3. A desperado in custody is a very rare sight in Kentucky. This is the kind of conciliatory advice the Raleigh News feels moved to give : "If the colored people or North Carolina want to get along well they must quit politics. The less they shall have in future to do with politics and politicians the better for them in a men tal, moral and material point of view. The charge that John Welch, the new Minister to England, is a Cuban slave-holder, is denied. It is explained that the creditors' lean once held by Mr. Welch's firm ol\ a Cu ban plantation w'as secured by recording the title in their name. Tbe firm subsequently sold out their claim, and if it still stands in their name, as possible, it is because the plan tation is on the border of the insurrectionary district, and the present owners have failed to change the record in order to secure them selves by means of the respect to Amcrk an property by both parties to the struggle.