Helena, Montana, Thursday, November 22, 1877.
THE WEEKLY HERALD
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
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THE TEN LITTLE ORASSIIOPPEH8.
Ten little grasshoppers
Sitting on a vine ;
One ate too much green corn.
Then there were but nine.
Mine little grasshoppers.
Just the size for bait;
A little boy went nshin':
Then there were "'ut eight.
Eight little grasshoppers
Stayed out atter 'leven ;
A white frost nipped one.
Then there were seven.
Seven little grashoppers
Lived between two bricks ;
There came a hurricane,
Then there were six.
Six little grasshoppers
Found an old bee-hive ;
One found a bumble-bee,
Then there were live.
Five little grasshoppers
Hopping on the floor;
Pussy took one for a mouse,
Then there were four.
Four little grasshoppers
Found a green pea ;
Had a light about it,
Then there were three.
Three little grasshoppers
Sighed for pastures new ;
Tried to cross the river,
Then there were two.
Two little grasshoppers
Sitting on a stone;
A turkey gobbler passed that way
Then there was one.
One little grasshopper
Chirped good-bye at the door;
Said he'd come next summer,
With nine millions more.
Intermarriages With the "pale face" at
Standing Hock Agency are quite frequent.
The interpreter, a white man, has an Indian
wife. He has been with them ten years, and
is a man of intelligence and quiet, gentle
ways. One of the daintiest of feet, wearing
a number one boot, is owned by a young
half-breed girl of sixteen years, the daughter
of Mrs. Galpin, an Indian woman, now the
widow of a white man, a resident of this
agency. Mrs. Galpin never speaks a word of
English, declines to do so, though she un
derstands it very well. She is a woman of
superior mind, and highly respected by both
the whites and Indians. She has four daugh
ters. Two of them are married to white
men, one of them is Mrs. Harmon, the wife
of Capt. Harmon, post-trader at Fort Lin
coln. Mrs. Harmon has a fine face, and her
dark eyes and hair, with her pale,J yellow
complexion, give her a most sinking appear
ance. She has a good figure, and is decidedly
a handsome woman. She and her sisters
are well educated, with easy, graceful man
ners. Miss Annie, the youngest, and the
owner of the pretty little feet, lias also dainty
hands. She is as brown a9 a berry, with
large, saucy black eyes, regular features, and
a dash of style that is very fascinating. The
family are Catholics, and the daughters were
educated at a convent.
A. TROUBLESOME JOUE.
What, wns Supposed to be a Mock Mar
riage Turns out to be the Iron
[New York Special.]
An elderly and well-dressed lady, Mrs.
David Manning, called at the office of Mr.
Suedeker, clerk of the city court of Brook
lyn, to-day, to obtain advice in reference to
the mock marriage of her stepdaughter, Miss
Clara Manning, on August 25th, to A. M.
Rodage, in Unionville, a town in the Cats
kills. Miss Manning, who is only 17 years
oui, went to Unn.n ville to visit friends. She
was invited to the house of Mr. Brundage,
" ho is a farmer. During the evening it was
proposed to celebrate a mock marriage be
tween Brundage and Miss Manning. The
parties stood up, and a gentleman read the
marriage service. At the conclusion Brun
inftn u r ? 1C v hG la ? y that sli e was his law
ful wedded wife, and that the ceremony had
been performed by the pastor of the ITnion
ville Methodist church. The giil refused to'
acknowledge Brundage as her husband He
persisted that she was his wife, and presen
ted her with the marriage certificate, which
she took home to Brooklyn. Mr. Snedeker
examined the certificate and pronounced it
regular, an announcement which threw the
stepmother into great excitement. She said
that Brundage was an awkward, ungainly
fellow, at least six feet two inches in height,
and that he knew' nothing above pigs and
cows He W as wealthy, bnt not a suitable
match for her stepdaughter, who was polite,
refined, and highly educated. Mr. Snedeker
advised that the young lady be sent to her
, vvho ' he saif1 ' consolingly, would
probably lie a much better match for lier
rn 1 SO t me Clty swe11 wilh more polish titan
Cntffug a Hedlclae Stone.
[From the Charleston (S. C.) News.]
A number of ladies and gentlemen assem
bled at the tent of General Hunt, in Summer
ville, on Friday last, to witness what is sel
dom seen in America, or in any othW Country
—the cutting and dissection of a bezoar, or
medicine stone. At the appointed hour the
beautiful gem was placed on the table, in
spected ani admired by all present. Prof.
Holmes then gave a short description of the
bezoars found in Eastern countries, compar
ing them with those of America, or more
properly of South Carolina. The name be
zoar was, he said, derived from the Persian
words, "pa zahar," which signifies against
poison. In the East they are called medicine
stones; in Africa, bag-stones or charm-stones.
The specimen exhibited on this occasion is
about the size of a large hen's egg, of a mot
tled yellow color, with a tint of brown, hav
ing its entire surface highly polished. The
polish is natural, caused by the action of the
muscles of the stomach of the animal in which
it was found upon each layer of mineral mat
ter deposited. A piece of scantling having
been prepared and mortised with a cavity just
large enough to contain the stone, it wa9 im
bedded therein firmly with plaster paris, the
better to prevent flaking or crumbling, to
which, from its laminated and brittle struc
ture, it is peculiarily liable. With a very fine
and highly tempered saw, it was then c«*t
longitudinally through the middle, which
took but a few minutes. During the cutting
some little excitement was evinced a9 to what
the nucleus or contents of the stone would
prove to be. Upon opening the bezoar the
nucleus proved to be a large and perfect
acorn, which, several gentlemen present im
mediately recognized a9 that of the white
oak. It was covered by four layers of laminae
of a mineral substance, composed generally of
phosphates and carbonates of lime and irorf,
and some silex. The mold of the acorn is
very perfect, having all the external mark
ings of the fruit. There are two impressions,
apparently made by the teeth of an animal
before swallowing the nut. Acorn9 are a
favorite food of Carolina deer. During the
autumnal months their tracks are almost al
ways to be found under the oaks of the forest
which have borne acorns. Thi9 is the third
specimen of a bezoar that ha9 been cut and
examined by Professor Holmes, and we be
believe the only ones ever dissected in Amer
ica. The nucleus found in the first bezoar
was a flattened ball or buckshot with a frag
ment of the skin and a few hairs ; the ani
mal had undoubtedly been wounded six years
before it had been killed, as there were six
layers or laminae of mineral*matter surround
ing the buckshot. The second bezoar cut
contained a pebble of quartz.
Julea Verne Emulated.
It will be remembered by all who have
read Jules Verne's ßtory, "Hound the World
in Eighty Days," that ne introduces a very
remarkable sceue upon the Northern Pacific
Railway. It is discovered that a bridge over
a creek has been broken down, and the pass
engers and engineer hold a discussion as to
what shali be done. The engineer thinks
that by putting on a full head of steam, he
can carry the train over the creek, and finally
it is put to vote, and the passengers pro
nounce in favor of the experiment. They
all take their seats; the engineer backs the
train several miles; then he pulls the throttle
valve wide open, and rushes forward ajt a
hundred miles an hour. There is no time
for reflection; the creek is reached in a mo
ment; and the engine, followed by the train,
takes a tremendous, flying leap, alighting
safely upon the rails on the other side of the
break. We have always considered that
story as the stiffest and toughest railroad
yarn extant, but yesterday the Vallejo train
nearly succeeded in emulating Jules Verne',8
miraculous occurrence, for it is reported
that, coming to a place where a culvert had
been burned out, leaving a gap in the track,
the engine fairly jumped over the break, and
alighted on the rails on the other side. Un
fortunately the tender and the passenger cars
failed to follow suit, and their was a smash
up, but it is evident that with a little training,
California locomotives might be taught to
jump over creeks as well as those on the
plains; and if the same agility could be im
parted to passenger cars, the dangers of rail
road travel would be reduced to a minimum.
The EHiijjuAges of the World.
As time goes on the languages spoken in
the world will steadily grow fewer. Three
hundred years ago Cornish was beginning to
disappear as a spoken language, and a simi
lar fate is now being experienced by the
Breton, in many respects a kiudred dialect.
A Breton sailor told a traveller that three
generations of his family were alive—his
father, who only spoke Breton ; hhnself,
who spoke French and Breton, and his son,
who only spoke French. Bo in Ireland
every year the number of those speaking
Irish decreases. Twelve years ago a tourist
in Kerry met a well-dressed young man of
the farmer class on a country road, of whom
he asked some questions, which were an
swered very politely, but very little to the
point. At length he said : "Truth is, sir, I
can speak very little English." Asking
some well to-do peasant women in Clare for
some milk, they made signs for him to wait
and called a man, who interpreted. The
rising generation, however, nearly all speak
English, except some on the wild Atlantic
washed Islands. In the Isle of Man it is as
described in Breton. The Welsh, however,
stick to their vernacular, and when you get
into a rural district in a country not con
tiguous to the English border, you might
almost as well be in Russia.
THE SHERMAN FAMILY.
The tieneral's Familiar Ways and His
»'lie's Reserve—Join» a Busy Man.
[WäsLihgiön CoFreepondtihGe Albany Journal, f
At breakfast, day before yesterday, while
discussing my matudinal watties and looking
across the room between mouthfuls at Uie
bulldog face of "Hamburg" Butler, wonder
ing whether 1 could ever accustom uiySelf to
look at it without suddering, there came a
little rustle aud a seuse of unwonted interest
into the full diniug room, and glancing over
at the left door of entrance I saw the tall,
lithe figure of Gen. Sherman enter, just that
moment iu from his long journey, and cross
ing the room, he took his seat at his old table,
at the head toward the window 7 , just across
from Judge Key. Each table seats about
eight persons, and pleasant little groups grow
up as the affinities assert themselves all over
the great dining room. The General's en
trance was the signal for an informal ovation.
He is looking in splendid health—better than
when he went away. All our military gen
tlemen attire themselves in quiet citizen's
dress, except on occasions of distinction.
Handsome Colonels Audenried and Tourte
lotte, of General Sherman's staff, sit respec
tively at his right and left. The General's
family are not here at present, but a part of
them at least will join him here this winter.
It is greatly to be regretted that Mrs. Sher
man is such a strong Romanist. She desires
no intimate friendships outside her own
church ; she is a plump, matronly, lady-like
woman, but there always séems a veil be
tween one's heart and her. Her devoteeism
seems to accentuate all the more the
General's well-known love for gaieties. He
is the very antipodes of his brother, the Sec
retary, in this. I never have seen John Sher
man at the theatre, very often at church (the
Epiphany), but rarely at a reception. He i9
one of the busiest of men, and tije most se
rious. The General has a light, gay manner,
and goes into little enthusiasms over each new
actress who makes a hit here. He has a lik
ing for opera bouffe, and a very great enjoy
ment of the Germans and receptions of the
society season, where he is always an honor
ed and petted guest. Mrs. Sherman rarely
goes out with him, but usually his eldest un
married daughter. The years have told upon
him in his whitened beard and furrowing
face since he led our hero boys marching
through Georgi-ay ; but his heart is eternally
young. While the Secretary's my favorite
of the two distinguished brothers, infinitely
more satisfactory and dependable for a
thoughtful woman to talk with, yet the Gen
eral must be recognized as a type by himself:
one of the characteristic and extraordma.j
men of the country.
The statistics of Failures.
The Mercantile Agency of Dunn, Barlow
& Co. gives the total number of falures in the
United States, for the first nine months of
1877, at 6,565, with liabilities ot $141,952,
256, against 7,020 failures, and $156,272,800
liabilities for 1876. In Canada the failures
iu 1877 have been 1,046, with $20,904,976
liabilities, against 1,256 failures and $17,
686,150 liabilities, in 1876. Divided into
periods of three rnonths } the failures for 1877
have been as follows : First quarter, 2,869
failures, with $54,508,074 liabilities ; second
quarter, 1,880 failures, with ' $45,068,097 lia
bilities; third quarter, 1,816 failures, with
$42,346,085 liabilities. The circular says :
"The failures in the third quarter of the
present year are less, both in number and
amount than for either of the two preceding
quarters, and that they are also less in very
marked amount than for the corresponding
quarter of last year. For the past nine
months the totals show a similar gatifying
decrease. Taken in connection with the im
proved business in merchandise which the
autnmn months have thus far witnessed, and
the certainty tfiat a great crop of produce Î9
now being marketed at a good price, the
hope may be entertained that the worst effects
of the depression have been seen."
A Furious Clock.
[From the Geneva Chronicle.]
We had the pleasure of inspecting, the
other day, at the establishment of Messrs.
Golay-Leresche & Sons, Place des Berguedf
a most handsome and ingenius silver clock.
This clock, which is of the sort known as
chronométré a fusee, marks the hours and the
half seconds. To the left of the large dial is
a plate whereon are marked the signs of the
zodiac ; lower down are two smaller dials on
which are indicated the days of the month
and the days of the week respectively. To
the right is an enameled piate which is con
nected with an aneroid barometer and acts as
a weather-gauge ; another gives tbe tempera
The casket in which the clock is enshrined
is oruamentud at it* extesim angles with four
figures symbolic of the lour seasons. The
interior is adapted for the reception of jew
elry and other objects of price, and the whole
is surmounted with a beautifully-carved group
in frosted silver. Nor is it a silent group.
On a spring being touched there emerges
from the hollow trunk of a tree a little bird
of exquisit plumage that whistles the first
bars of a lively measure. A shepherd, seated
on a rock, continues the tune with his pipe ;
the little bird answers, and the concert con
tinues until each whistled and piped three
times. Whilst this is going on a cat comes
from a corner and creeps softly towards the
bird and bounds on bis prey. At this mo
ment both disappear and the music stops.
The attitudes of all are thoroughly natural.
The fingers of the shepherd move to the tune,
when playing to the bird bis head turns in
that direction, the latter flutters its wings and
opens its mouth in the most correct way im
aginable, and tbe way puss darts on her prey
is true to life.
AN HONEST MAN.
"Over this Coffin Arches a Bow of Unques
Eloquent Tribute of ï)r, Bayïiss at Morton's
Oliver Perry Morton was an honest man.
No man in this country ever had such chances
to enrich himself at the public expense, but
there is at this point absolutely no dimness ou
the glory of his career. Over this coffin
arches a bow of unquestioned integrity. With
abundant opportunity to die worth millions
he chose to die in comparative indigence. If
an honest man is the noblest work of God,
then this casket holds what is mortal of one
of God's noblest works. His hands are clean.
He has stood against the tide of dishonest
schemes and schemers—a Gibraltar against
the sea. He believed and acted upon the
belief, that it is better to go poor to an
honored grave than to go by questionable
fortune to a splendid burial. After his re
turn from Oregon he said to his secretary :
You must be very careful in making up the
accounts, for I am sick aud cannot look af
ter them, and then added : I would rather
die than have a blot on my name. Battle
scarred, obdurate as he was in political strife,
on this subject he was as scrupulous as a
Puritan and as sensitive as a woman. This
man's honesty comes like sweet harmony into
the discord of public greed and unscrupu
lousness for the nation's sake. In his mode
of life he was rigidly plain and simple. He
refused to attend a court o i c be
cause he would be obliged to go in court
If Senator Morton were alive he would not
desire me to stand here and say that he was a
Christian iu the ordinary sense of the term.
If there was anything he despised it was a
man who made a profession of Christianity
insincerely and aimed to U9e his relation to
the church as a means of political prefer
ment. He did not make a minute study of
Christian evidence, but he took the system as
a whole. He saw how the religion of the
bible meets the demands of a man for an in
telligent faith in the Supreme Power which
rules the universe. At his own table he had
a silent blessing after the manner of the
F*ie let* some one were present on
whom he could call to perform that duty
orally. As death approached his wife said :
"Oliver, are you not afraid to die?" He said,
"No." "Do you love your Savior?" she
asked with emphasis; he answered, "I do,"
and added, "and my wife and boys."
But time hastens. The solemn hour is
here. The grave waits for the mighty, and
though we weep and wonder where we can
find another like him, we must prepare for
the solemn knell of "earth to earth, ashes to
ashes, dust to dust," Massillon at the funeral
of a king of France, stood before the vast
assemblage holding in his hands a golden urn
which contained a lock of hair from the
head of the silent monarch. Slowly he raised
his band and stood motionless and pale as a
statue until awe hushed the people to the
stillness ot death. Minutes passed; some
thought he was struck dumb before the
august multitude. At last he said in tones
which thrilled men with deep solmnity,
"God alone is great." The death of this son
of power is a blow which makes a nation
reel, but as w*e stagger backward from the
shock let us be grateful that we may lean
against tliis pillar of truth from which
springs an arch of hope that spans all worlds.
Still the Lod God omnipotent reigneth !
- —§ M ►► ■ ' -*
How Gould Travels.
Not long ago a New York Tribune repor
ter waylaid a special train which was trans
porting Jay Gould aud Sidney Dillion out
West on their annual tour of inspection of
the Uniou Pacific and its branches. He found
these railway princes in one of the latter day
combination cars, which serve for sleeper,
drawing room, and dining car. Mr. Gould
had with him a short hand secretary and a
telegraphic operator. Mr. Dillon only his
short hand secretary. Mr. Gould explained
to the reporter that every hour in tbe twenty -
fou when absent from New York he was in
communication with friends and brokers of
that city. His telegraph operator had ail the
necessary instruments attached to one of the
tables in tbe car, with ground and connecting
wires running through one panel of the car.
On arriving at a terminal station, Mr. Gould
notified bis fiiends in New York upon what
line of road he would be the next twenty-four
hours. Should they desire to communicate
with him the dispatch was directed to the care
of the train dispatcher of that road, who,
upon its receipt, knew just where Mr. Gould's
special was, and dropped the message down
one station in advance. The operator at that
station would signal the special and deliver
the message. Upon its receipt the special
would immediately pull out, and Mr. Gould
would consider and digest the message. If it
needed reply, he would dictate to his short
hand assistant, who would translate for the
operator. When the reply was ready, the
engineer would be signaled, the train stopped
and in two minutes the main wire would be
hauled down, cut, attached to the instrument,
and the message winging its way to New
York. To twist the wire together, let it up,
and start the train was only the work of an
other minute. Mr. Gould kindly added that
he used his private signature, which insured
right of way for his message, which were al
ways in cipher. Of course Mr. Dillon
availed himself of Gould's facilities, when
ever necessary, for his business.
Welch is 72.
Marshal MaoMaiion was the sixteenth of
seventeen children, He was born June 13, //
Tüe President has appointed John O.
Smith, of Ohio, to be Consul General at
"No, ma'am," said a grocer to au applicant
for credit, "I wouldn't even trust my own
The Wisconsin Republicans estimate their
majority at nearly double that given Presi
Beware of the devil fish. If he once reaches
out for you with one of those ihirty-five loot
feelers, you'll feel him.
At Shreveport, Louisiana, the Republicans
elected their candidates for Mayor and Ad
ministrators by 600 majority.
Miss Anna Dickinson is lying seriously ill
of congestion of the brain at the residence of
Mrs. Gen. Cbatfield, Elizabeth, N. J.
A San Francisco artist has just succeeded
in getting a picture of the race-horse Occi
dent on a full run. It must be iu fast colors,
Seven-eighths of the entire population of
America are in debt to each other. Well, in
deed, may our people be called tbe sturdy
The employees of the Omaha Smelting
Works, numbering 100 men, are on a strike
against lengthened hours of work without in
crease of pay.
Fernando Wood is the best poker player
in Congress. He can bet $1,000 on v
pair of nines without the least indication
that he is bluffing.
The Washington Republican wants Chief
Joseph senttoVVest Point as professor of.
Indian tactics, and to teach the cadets how
to fight the aborigines.
The subject of Mr. Beecher's sermon Sun
day was, "Make not haste to be rich." No ;
a man is a mean cuss who wants to skip along
faster than $400 a night.
The Republican Deputies, while giving the
French government no pretext for difficulty,
have determined to accept no cabinet con
trary to parliamentary rules.
The President of Bolivia kicked one of his
Cabinet recently "with tropical ardor," for
saying at a public dinner that the Executive
had disgraced the national flag.
G. W. Smalley's London letter to the
New York Tribune says that Minister Pierre
pont will return home with the good wishes
of the people, and eulogistic farewells of the
Japan is making extraordinary progress in
educational matters. Nearly a hundred Amer
ican and English teachers are in the employ
of the government, and last year 8,000 new
schools were established.
Col. Chas. G. Green, for many years ed
itor of the Boston Post , celebarted his golden
wedding the other day. Among the presents
was a heliotyped fac simile in miniature of
the first issue of tbe Post , framed in gold.
Alexander McAlister left his home at
St. Stephens, N. B., fourteen years ago, and
his friends at last gave him up as dead, but
he returned the other day to say that he was
a New Zealand farmer, and worth $70,000 or
Electric candles are the sensation in Paris.
They emit no heat or smoke whatever, while
in brilliancy they hold the same relation to gas
and oil lamps as sun to moonlight, and they
cost only one-fifteenth as much as gas. It is
hailed as one of the greatest discoveries of
New York Tribune: "Mr. Prisidint,'
said a delegate iu the "lndepenpent" Demo
cratic Senate Convention on Wednesday ev
ening, "I think we should adjourn until Sat
urday night. There are as nfinny as fifteen
diligate8 here in this convention who are
Washington is uncomfortably crowded
with statesmen who expect to be the next
candidate for the Presidency, apd there are
plenty more scattered about the country in
governors' chairs aud judge's benches. This
great and glorious republic will never go to
ruin because of the modesty of its sons.
An old farmer, one of Judge Poland's
early associates, recently called upon him at
Lyndon, Vt., and was invited to take dinner
at the hotel. When the old man took his
seat at the table one of tire waiters laid a bill
of fare before him, but he promptly handed
it back, saying, "Judge Poland settles my
The entry of a noted desperado into Lou
isville the other day, in custody of an officer,
is said by a local paper to have been scarcely
less conspicuous than the visit of the Presi
dent and the occasion of quite as rauch ex
citement as the advent of Barnum's circu3.
A desperado in custody is a very rare sight
This is the kind of conciliatory advice the
Raleigh News feels moved to give : "If the
colored people or North Carolina want to get
along well they must quit politics. The less
they shall have in future to do with politics
and politicians the better for them in a men
tal, moral and material point of view.
The charge that John Welch, the new
Minister to England, is a Cuban slave-holder,
is denied. It is explained that the creditors'
lean once held by Mr. Welch's firm ol\ a Cu
ban plantation w'as secured by recording the
title in their name. Tbe firm subsequently
sold out their claim, and if it still stands in
their name, as possible, it is because the plan
tation is on the border of the insurrectionary
district, and the present owners have failed
to change the record in order to secure them
selves by means of the respect to Amcrk an
property by both parties to the struggle.
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