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THE WEEKLY HERALD.
S. E. FISZ,.......................... Editor. THURSDAY, SOVtMaEH 22, 1877. Have we a Cæsar among us ? Miss Auce Blaine is recovering from her wound. Em peror William is to have a golden wed ding next spring in Berlin. Gl! ÎI.S, if you want a good man to kiss, there 's the General, he's Sherman. Oa key don't say what has become of Old Gai-v fith-a-Wart-Under-lIer-Ear. Joj in Russin says that wars in civ iILzed State s are wholly the fault of women. Kate Clanton*, the actress, recently di vorced, has married Chas. A. Stevenson. A Territorial people have no rights which a paternal government is bound to respect. Lydia Thompson should always take her oeneîits on Friday when playing Robinson Crusoe. _ The Pioneers take no more kindly to the Stump Tax than the Pilgrims did to the Stamp Act. The Alta California says Mr. R. H. Freer, of West Virginia, has been confirmed Secre tary of Montana, rice James H. Mills. As farce we can see, Mr. D. Boucicault, there will yet comedy when you will know the difference between a tragedy and some thing funny. Here we are hanging on the ragged edge of bleak December, and not a stick of stove wood with which to warm one's tees or boil the tea-kittle ! Stanley, the African explorer, and 1*20 followers were brought to the Cape of Good Hope in Her Majesty's store ship Industry, which also takes them to Zanzibar. The battle fields about Richmond have been already mostly reclaimed by nature, and at Cold Harbor, Fair Oaks, Seven Pines aud Malvern Hill scarcely any traces of fight are seen. A comparison of ancient manners and courtesies with those of modern days is to be laid before young folks in an article by Gail Hamilton in the December number of St. Nicholas. _ Marshal Wheeler and District Attorney Anderson are corresponding with the Wash ing authorities with a view to mitigate the hardships of the order relating to wood and lumber seizures. Repp.esentative Scales, Chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs, has introduced a bill to transfer the Indian Bureau from the custody of the Interior Department to the War Department. The principal amendments of the Senate to the Army Appropriation bill were concur red in by the House, by majorities varying from four to ten. The limit of recruitment is fixed at 25,000 instead of 20,000 men. A correspondent describes Clara Morris as "the actress that arouses a fellow's and his girl's better nature—the actress that makes the wife and husband bunch up to each other and feel glad that things are &9 they are." The name of Senator Morton's family was originally Throckmorton, and their ancestry is traced to the Earl of Throckmorton in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. The Senator's father dropped the first syllable of his sur name, and the son adhered to the example. The Connecticut Republicans are jubilant. At the recent election they secured both branches of the Legislature, and as half the members hold over and participate in the next Senatorial election the importance of the victory will appear. A Republican is almost certain to be chosen in place of Eaton. RELEASING THE WOOD. Several thousand cords of wood—the prop erty of Beveridge, Constance, and others— were released under bond to-day. All seiz ures under the order from Washington will follow the same course, and the fuel supply will probably not be materially affected by the recent proceedings either as to the quan tity daily offered for sale or the market price of the commodity. A good deal of sympathy has been expressed for the woodmen, and especially for the poor, who were expected to suffer most from the effects of enforcing the order at this particular season of the year, but we think the worst of the danger is over. The wood dealers, we trust, will now act wisely, and shun every attempt to "corner" or combine to put up the price of fuel. The Marshal and District Attorney act only as they are expressly instructed, and their cor respondence with the Department, it is ex pected, will result favorably to the interests of our people. A careful calculation is made of the prob able results of the census of 1880, aud the conclusion is reached that the nation will then have a population of about 47,000,000. This will be an average increase the country over of about 21 per cent, for ten years. This is deemed too large by the Cincinnati Times, which thinks the next census will show onlv 45,000,000. AX AMAZING BLINDER At this time of the year, when the people of the Territory are engaged in procuring a ! supply of firewood in anticipation of the cold ! weather which we are led to expect by our former experience late in December, there I comes an order, we hear, to the proper law I officers of the United States from Washing | ton, directing the seizure of the wood from ! which alone the supply must be met, and on I Saturday and to-day some thousands of cords j were seized by the U. S. Marshal. We do ! but feebly describe the feeling over this trans I action when we say that it creates a profound sensation. That the U. 8. Attorney or Mar shal are blameable lor this we do not believe. It will be said in extenuation of this crime (for that is its name) that it accords with the letter of the law. So it accords with the let ter of the law not only that all liquors west of the Mississippi river as far south as the Osage river shall be destroyed, but also that every man. woman and child in Montana be removed therefrom. No palliation or ex cuse can be given by pleading the United States Statutes, which, in this instance, un der these circumstances are (and were in tended to be) "more honored in the breach than in the observance." If a new policy were to be inaugurated it should be announced iu advance. It should not come unexpect edly nor in an exigent moment. There can be no greater governmental folly than to un dertake by snap procedure to interfere with facilities by which alone these people can obtain their supply of fuel. No money can be made trom it for the Government. It can supply under salaried agents with a pittance of fees, but what has already been done be fore it can be corrected will bear fruit in subjecting women and children and invalids to the biting cold of the coming winter. It is too late to leave the country this fall, for the snows cover the the ranges which hem us in, and there is no transportation for twenty thousand men, women and children. It is idle to expect that this proceeding will continue, but before its folly can be demon strated and the slow processes of govern mental action be set in motion incalculable injur}* will be done. To undertake to make a little money out of the timber in Montana to pay a few placemen would be the pettiest of petty statesmanship. What a broad states manship requires and what the culture and experience of the distinguished Secretary of the Interior leads us to expect is encourage ment to build up commuuities in remote dis tricts; to encourage grazing, mining and ag riculture: to give to them American hopes and homes, and to endeavor by generous leg islation and administration to inspire patriot ism and thrift, and to compensate by excep tional liberality toward these pioneers the deprivations incident to life so far from the centres of social aud commercial activity. We wonder if our cattle fatted on govern ment grasses, the fish grown in government waters, the prairie hens and buffalo belonging to the government are all to be seized, and if it is proposed that the government occupy the buildings of stone and mortar from the public domain. We wonder what statute au thorizes a dispensing power in any officer here by which dry timber or the kindling wood in our kitchens is not seized. We won der if the government is to become a small huckster in trades fatal to enterprises and governmental excellence for the sake of cre ating places for officers, who shall swarm in large numbers to eat out the substance of thrifty, substantial and patriotic communities. We wonder if it is proposed to seize the desks, counters, tables and bouses builded of timber cut on the public domain. We w*on der if it is the design of the government to smother the smelting and milling enterprises which induced the presence here of the peo of this Territory. We wonder if it is propos ed to freeze the soldiers, the Assay Office, the Custom House, the Collector's office, and em phatically to freeze out the courts. We won der if civil service reforms require of those who build empire that they shall fight hostile Indians all summer and die of the winter's cold. We wonder what indicia of reform is found in a refusal to notify these people of this intended raid some mothis in advance of these terrible winters and giving them some terms, matured in advance, by which we can get out of the country or pro vide ourselves with a supply of necessary fuel. As we contemplate this matter the subjects of wonder grow upon us, and we are stunned and amazed at the tolly which dictated so wonderful an attempt to squelch the civiliza tion of the West. Perhaps the government means to vacate five or six Territories, de stroy mining and other enterprises, reduce to poverty a million free men, and turn over this domain to Sitting Bull and Joseph. It has been said that during the last summer the Surveyor General's office has been relieved of all duties pertaining to the preservation of timber, and that by the influence of Mr. Ma ginnis, Mr. William Nowlan was appointed a special agent of the government for this pur pose, and that he has been giving a small por tion of his time to this matter. We trust there will be no riots, but we fear that a speedy culmination of the folly will alone preserve order and maintain law. New York Democracy is very indignant over the proposition to disfranchise the non tax-payers. The proposition is a bad one, but it is only a legitimate result of long con tinued Democratic rule in New York, that those who have any property left should seek to protect themselves against official plunder by disfranchising their corrupt and worthless plunderers ; the movement is the worst ad vertisement Democracy has ever had. DOWNFALL OF KARS. The capture of Kars, of which our dis patches inform us, virtually ends the cam paign in Armenia, and places Asiatic Turkey at the feet of the Czar. Until now this great stronghold has resisted all attempts reduce it by seige or carry it by sterm. Russian per se verence and courage have finally triumphed, and with the fall of Kars is celebrated the first conclusive achievement of the war. The fruits of the victory c mnot be calculated merely by the spoils and trophies of battle wrenched at probably considerable cost of life and large expenditure of money from the vanquished Turks, but must be reckoned by the moral effects and results antici pated aud almost certain to follow iu the full attainment of a conquered province. It is a blow vastly more significant than any yet inflicted on the Moslem cause, and will be immediately felt not only in the Ottoman Empire, but in England, whose possessions bordering Armenia and included in the Ind ian Empire it will deem to be menaced and its hold in the East placed in jeopardy. The capitulation at Kars transfers to Russian possession the citadel and fortifications, in cluding the city itself and its inhabitants. Three hundred connon and a large amount ot war munitions, numerous standards, etc., are some of the trophies of which the victors speak. The garrisons, nearly equal in num bers to their assailants, endeavored to effect their escape in the direction of Erzeroum, but the fleeing and demoralized Turks, promptly pursued by the Cossacs, were over taken and turned back, surrendered prisoners of war. The victory was overwhelming and complate, and ends substantially the struggle of Russ and Turk in Asia. the Timber qfestion. The action here of Government officers in seizing wood cut from the public lands sim ply extends to Montana the order from Washington some time ago applied and en forced in other States and Territories. Of interest in this connection is the reference of Commissioner Williamson to this subject in his report soon to be submitted to Congress. He says that special agents to detect timber trespassers iu the State of Minnesota, report 01,708,504 feet of white pine logs cut and re moved from vacant public lands in that State —50,957,808 feet were taken from 1808 to 1870. Some 4,751,705 feet were cut in Wis consin. Twenty-nine civil suits have been instituted—nineteen have terminated in favor of the Government, and the progress of the others indicate a probable favorable termina tion in these also. After investigation, twenty-two cases of trespass have been re ported from Missouri, and suits will be brought in consequence. In Minnesota some 25,000,000 feet of logs were seized by the United States Marshal and placed in booms in the Mississippi river, near Minneapolis. Extensive suits have been commenced in Colorado against individuals, also against railroad and mining companies for timber cut and taken ; and reports from Utah, Mon tana, Arizona, and other Territories and States on ..he Pacific coast, indicate extensive depredations there. Regardiug the stoppage of future depreda tions, and the protection of timber, the Com missioner makes the following suggestions: First. That Congress legislate to withdraw all lands chiefly valuable for pine timber from the operation of the homestead and pre-emption laws, and from all manner of sale or disposition, except for cash at fair appraised value. Second. That the Secretary of the Interior be authorized, by Congress, to sell at just valuation timber from public lands in mining districts, where mining laws are now in force ; also to sell it from any unsurveyed land not mineral, when needed for actual settlement, before the public surveys are ex tended over such lauds. Third. That Congress enact a law provid ing for the care and custody of timber lands unfit for agriculture, and for the gradual sale of timber growiDg thereon, and also for the perpetuation of the growth of timber upon such lauds by such needful rules and regula tions as may be required. Further, that Con gress be requested to legislate for the ap praisement and sale of such timber land as it may deem best to sell ; also providing for the care and custody of such lands until sold, and to provide for more specific legislation fortfines and punishment for trespass on the timber on all public lands, defining the na ture of the action, and by whom to be brought. The Commissioner further suggests the propriety of legislation, authorizing the United States Marshal or his deputies to seize timber cuMfrom the public lands, withot hav ing to resort first to the tedious process of obtaining writs from the courts ; also to pro vide a method for the sale of timber seized and for the disposition of the proceeds. The latest Eastern j border news will be found in our interesting letter from the Big Horn, printed to-day. Colonel Brackett and his Second cavalry troops are now in oc cupation of the new post. Detachments are still out on escort, guard scouting, and other active field duty. A budget of Indian, mili tary and other news is entertainingly presented. The w'riter pleasantly depicts some of the landscape and other scenes about the Big Horn. Other letters from this source are promised during the winter months, now close at han d. The "Brie-a-Brae" department of the De cember Scribner has another installment of Mr. Stockton's take-off on the Complete Let ter-Writer. OUR BIG HORN LETTER. Progress of Building at the Big Horn Post —Fight Between the Crows and Nez Perces —Autumn Weather—Buffalo Hunting—Military Detach ments—The Route to the Union Pacific Rail road. Big Horn Post, M. T., Nov. 10, 1877. At last the houses at this post are approach ing completion, and on the second of this month Col. Brackett moved up from his camp on the banks of the Little Horn, and was the first officer to occupy quarters at the new post. These quarters are commodious and convenient, and in years to come this will be a most desirable station for both offi cers and men. It is now a lone out-post in the heart of the Indian country, aud in the best portion of the Indian country ; but in a few years it will be surrounded with settle ments and good farms. Already many white men have moved in and a new town is spring ing up near the mouth of Big Horn river, bearing the high sounding name of Big Horn City. If white men could be allowed to take up farms on the Crow Indian Reservation, I believe the future of this region would soon be definitely settled, greatly to the advantage of all concerned. On the 27th of last month seventeen Crow Indian Scouts arrived here from the Agency. While on their way they met four Nez Perce Indians who were making their escape from Gen. Miles, and, falling upon them, the Crows killed three of them, the fourth mak ing his escape. The Crows were very proud of this achievement and approached the fort shouting, firing their guns, and running their horses. They have thus added their number to those of the Nez Perces who had already fallen, and contributed their share toward the destruction ot Joseph's band. With red and white Navajo blankets, their Vermillion leathers and beaded buckskin, these Indians make a most picturesque appearance, and are not outdone in this respect by any red men on this continent. They have the most in tense hatred for the Sioux, brought about by the wars which have been carried on against them for many years past. Their lodges on the banks of the Big Horn make a pretty scene, half hidden as they are amid the leaf less trees and bushes, with their hardy ponies laiieted out near by. Away off beyond are the Yellowstone bills, and on the intervening plain are pleanty of buffalo. So wild a scene is befitting so grand a frame as that made by the gray rocks of the mountain chain. The cavalry bugles wake the echoes in the morning,bringing to mind Tennyson s beauti ful line9 : "0 hark, O heart how thin and clear, And thinner, clearer, farther going ; O sweet and far from cliff and scar, The horns of Elfland faintly blowing: Blow, let us hear the purple glens replying: Blow, bugle; answer, echoes, dying, dying, dying." This i 9 all poetical enough, but the steam whistle at the saw mill rousts everybody out at an extremely early hour in the morning, and then we all proceed to the top of the bluff and commence work on the new quar ters. The autumn weather has been de lightful thus far, and we have been able to continue work uninterruptedly up to this time. The cottonwoods in the river bottoms long since shook their yellow and brown leaves, while the red bushes and cream colored grass show that the fro9t has already been at work. The hill sides are brown and russet, with here and there clusters of black sage sticking up near the rocky ledges. The river bottom is filled w*ith great trees whose branches look gaunt and dreary enough. The old Indian and buffalo trails stretch in long black lines over hill and dale, looking like huge tangled threads laid on here and there leading to and from the water courses. Some of these trails are very steep, and this morn ing I saw an Indian ride up the almost per pendicular bank of the Big Horn river, along one of them, in search of some strayed horses. The bluffs in rear of the post are very steep indeed, and, if horse or man falls over he will either be killed or drowned in the river. Buffalo still swarm iu this section and the Indians seem content to kill only as many as may be necessary for their immediate wants. In this respect they are different from white men, who often boast of the great number of these animals they have killed in a day, a kind of glory which I wholly fail to appreciate. After a man ha9 enough for food, why is it necessary to kill any more ? Aside from the absolute cruelty of the act, there is the wanton destruction of so much valuable food which might do a suffering immigrant and his family a world of good. I have no patience with these wholesale slayers of buffalo, and think they ought to be put out of the way as public nui sances. We all know by this time that it does not require as much skill to kill a buffalo as it does a Texas cow, and the world contains no other so absolutely stupid a crea ture as a buffalo calf. Killing buffalo can scarcely rank as a reasonable pastime in any sense of the word, the merest tyro being as successful as the oldest hunter. The companies of the Second cavalry at Tongue river post have been sent off to guard the Nez Perce Indian prisoners on their way to Fort Abraham Lincoln, where the Indians are to be kept during the winter. Detach ments from the same regiment have been sent out from here to guard the bay cutters in the upper portion of the Little Horn valley, and to look out a new and more direct road across the country from this place to the bead of navigation on the Missouri river. So ail are busy enough, and there is no danger of their rusting out for want of use. Many of the mechanics that were at work here have been sent down to the Union Pacific railroad, their work being completed for the winter. These men are under charge of Lieutenant Coale. The road down is not over three hundred and forty miles iu length, and some fiue day there will be a mail line from Medi cine Bow, or Rock creek, via this post and Bozeman to Helena, it being in fact along the old Bozeman trail which the Government tried so hard to establish several years ago with such disastrous results. There is no doubt that the authorities are in earnest in endeavoring to open this country so that it shall be of some benefit to the nation. B. II. liOYEKXMEXr RELIEF. Of the citizen volunteers of Missoula county who bravely bore their part iu the battle at Big Hole, over a fourth of their number were either killed or wounded. Some proper recog nition—some adequate recompense—for ser vices performed, for wounds sustained, for lives freely sacrificed, is due from Govern ment. These men gallantly rallied to the standard of Gibbon when the veteran hero had but a paltry soldier squad w ith which to confront a wily, alert aud thoroughly armed foe of three times his own force The fam ilies of the dead and the maimed who sur vive are entitled to substantial reward. They cannot be pensioned, but in a measure they can be recompensed by an act or acts of Con gress voting them monetary relief. We should be glad to see a movement looking to this end started in Missoula county. It would meet with the promp moral aid of the whole Territory. Gen. Gibbon, we are sure, would cordially favor any reasonable plan having in view so laudable a purpose. General Sher man could also with certainty be relied on to promote all efforts in the direction suggested. Thus inaugurated aud directed Delegate Maginnis could undertake the work in Con gress with every assurance of success. Let the Mis-soulian aud the substantian citizens of the county start the movement aud push it to its consummation. Territorial News. [From the Missouhau, 16th, in?t.j A. G. England, one of our thrifty farmers, raised over 5,000 bushels of grain this sea son. E. G. Maclay, of the Diamond R, w hich company has the contract for government transportation in this Territory, came down Tuesday to see to the removal of the Seventh Infantry from fort Missoula. He did it in good shape, the soldiers of the Seventh start ing within an hour after those of the Third arrived. The parting of the Seventh regiment trom the family of the late Captain Logan was deeply affecting. The children were born iu the regiment, and strong men shed tears as they bid farewell to the wife and little ones of a beloved comrade and officer. W. E. Bass states that, on account of his reputation as a fruit man, he has received application for fruit trees from all sections of the Territory, some of them even coming froma9 far as the Yellowstone. Henry Chambers is decidedly of the opin ion that the best interests of Missoula county demand the early construction of a wagon road to Bannack, to open up for us new markets, and to extend our business relations with other parts of the Territory. . In making his charge to the grand jury, at the opening of court last Monday, Judge Knowles gave it to the jury to make diligent inquiry of all violations of the law in the matter of selling liquor to Indians, and he instructed the jury that selling liquor to half breeds was a violation of this statute. He also gave the jury strictly in charge the mat ter of inquiring into violations of the statute concerning the sale of liquor to soldiers. Southern Montana Items. The following items we find in our \ irgmia City exchange : The Highland fiume company deposited 800 ounces of Alder gulch dust at Banker Elling's on Thursday. Mr. B. S. Marshall, who has been spending a couple of months on the coast, returned to Sheridan last week. We are sorry to learn that Judge W . A. M. Young broke his leg, while jumping from a wagon near Twin Bridges a few dajs ago. We have not received full particulars ot the ay last week, two of Carey wagons were overturned in the ad river, near Point of Rocks, nage was done to cigars and tobac were on the wagon. The teams njured. . W. B. Long, who was appointed elder of this 31. E. church district t annual conference, has been trans Nebraska, and is now pastor of the jrch at Fairbury, in that State, nday, as Dr. I. C. Smith was driving gulch, and passing over the narrow itween Central and Nevada, s frightened by an Indian, and ian pitating the buggy over the dec ch was about ten feet deep. •as very much bruised, but we are iarn, not seriously in jura, an , - "Vntther the horse or iround again. Neitntr we