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REPORTED SPECIALLY FOR THE HERALD BY WESTERN UNION TELEGRAPH COMPANY. General Sheridan's Annual Keport. Chicago, November 17.—Lieuteoant Gen. Sheridan» in his annual report to the Adjutant General of the Army, dated October 27th, gives a detailed account of the operations of the army in the West and on the Rio Grande during the past year. He concludes by say ing : In the Department of Texas the usual troubles on the Rio Grande have occurred. Cattle run loose by the thousands on our side of the river, and the Mexicans and Indians cross over and steal them. This gives rise to all kinds of criminations and recriminations and international questions, which, with the continual revolutions, make an unsettled con dition of affairs on that border. The troubles on the Rio Grande border, the Indian out break on the Western frontier and New Mex ico, and the Indian wars in the Departments of the Platte and Dakota, have kept the small and inadequate force in this division in a constant state of activity, and almost with out rest night and day. Some of the cavalry regiments have, during the spring and sum mer, traveled in pursuit of Indians and for the purpose of protecting exposed settle ments, a distance of over 4,000 miles, and the hard work and wear and tear upon both men and animals in these frontier campaigns can be fully appreciated only by those who are familiar with the country operated in, who know its character, the long distances to be overcome, and the great difficulty of furnish ing supplies. This condition of affairs is not only true for the past year, but it has been nearly the same thing for the past ten years, and I think I can safely say that for tins length of time no men have ever worked harder or shown a higher sense of duty than the little army which defended our rapidly extending Western settlements. The expense and very great loss of life attending these operations has arisen principally from being obliged to use an in adequate force to perform services which to accomplish quickly and properly required at least double its numbers. If the companies had all been filled to one bundled men each the additional expense would not have been so great in the end as it has now proved to be with companies rang ing from thirty to lorty men. Then the In dian troubles might have been settled prompt ly, and there is a strong probability that they would not have occurred at all. I therefore respectfully recommend an increase of all the companies in the service to one hundred men each. I believe it would be true economy and at the same time it would enable the army to satisfactorily perform the work required of it During the last two years the ratio of loss of officers and men in proportion to the number engaged in this division in the Indian wars has been equal to or greater than the ratio of loss on either side in the present Russo-Turk ish campaign and the late civil war in this country. While the Indian troubles in this division are over for the present, I cannot say that they are finally ended. Complications are still liable to arise, and our experience should teach us to be betterjprepared for them than w T e have hitherto been. Only a very few of the requests made by the exposed settle ments and their Territorial representatives in Congress have been complied with, even when I was compelled to recognize the jus tice of these demands, on account of the ut ter inadequacy of our small force to garrison the points for which troops were asked. mm *4 44*** ** — - Heath of' lion. tieo. A. Baufffi. Chicago, November 17.—The telegraph announces the death of Hon. Geo. S. Bangs, at Washington, at 3 o'clock this morning. Ia this city, where he was well known, the news causes universal regret. He formerly held the position of U. IS. sub-Treasurer here, but his fame was chieliy acquired and earned through his connection with the fast mail service, which he probably did more to im prove than auy other one person. ^ *4 4^nt ►► ^ - Failures. New York, November 17. — Conrad Pap pen husen, late owner of the Long Island Railroad, has failed, and to-day filed a peti tion to be adjudicated a bankrupt. His lia bilities are $3,500,000; assets, $7,500,000, mostly in stock of the Long Island Railway. What the assets will realize is very uncertain. Cincinnati, November 17.—W. Kinney & Co., bankers of Portsmouth, O., made an as signment this morning. Their assets and lia bilities are as yet unknown. — -« »► -- The »liver Bill. Chicago, November 14.—The friends of the Silver bill iu the Senate are very confident that it will pass that body by a decisive ma jority. Senator Jones says that he know's 44 Senators who will vote for its passage, and that he believes it will go through when a vote is reached by a two-thirds'vote. The opponents of the bill assert that they can pre vent any action at this session. of New \ouk, November 17 .—Warrants were issued to-day for the arrest of the pro prietors of the Fifth Avenue, St. Nicholas, Astor House, Hoffman House, Brunswick* Delruonico, St. James, Grand, Gilsey and Winchester Hotels, charged with violating the excise law by selling liquor on Sunday. KaviiitfM Bank »iiNpended. Newark, (N. J.) November 17.—The Peo ples' Savings Bank, which was started iu 1871 , 18 su . s Peuded. There is about $50,000 due depositors. The assets if realized are enough b> pay in full. 6 9(111 Burned. Fall River, (Mass.,) November 17.—The Borden City Mill, No. 1, burned this morning, was a brick structure erected in 1872. It contained 36,000 spindles, employed 450 hands, and was running on full time. All kinds of rumors are afioat as to the origin of the fire. One is that two boys with lamps attempted to light gas and dropped the lamp, which was broken. The watchman passed through the mill a short time previous to the fire and all apparently was right. No other persons were known to be in the room dur- ing the morning. Soon after the fire was dis- covered it is said a dull, heavy explosion oc- curred in the fourth story which blew out all the windows. This was followed by another explosion in the third story, with a similar result. The man having charge of the gas main says he had turned on the gas but a few seconds before the fire was discovered, and he thinks it could not have escaped in any quantity to cause an explosion. It is stated that 400 bales of cotton and a quantity of doth are burned in the ruins. The Hook and Ladder Company's carriage was damaged by falling walls. The loss on the mill and cloth is about $450,000. ---,4 40^ ^--- The Border Troubles. Galveston, November 17.—Information has been received at headquarters from the border that several large parties of Indians, one of them composed of thirty-five bucks, have crossed over into Texas to raid. Gen. Ord has notified the frontier people at the various points where the raiders are expected to be on their guard. This is the most for- midable invasion that has been attempted yet. The Indians were seen twelve miles west of Fredericksburg yesterday, and have stolen a lot of horses in this neighborhood. The citi- zens are in pursuit, and the military have been notified.^ This is supposed to be one of their large parties reported on raids. This party is going westward. --ii »► ^ — FORTY-FIFTH CBS. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Washington, November 17.—Atkins re ported back the Army Appropriation bill with the Senate amendments, recommending concurrence in some of the amendments and non-concurrence in others. Atkins explained that the Senate amendments were mainly im material, the chief point of difference be tween the two houses being the clause limit ing the army to 20,000 men and limiting it to 25.000 men. The House then proceeded to vote upon the Senate amendments. The amendment reducing the appropria tion for expenses in the Commanding Gen eral's office from $3,000 to $2,500 was con cuired iu. The next amendment was one striking out the clause providing "that four full cavalry regiments shall be kept upon the Texas fron tier," and inserting instead of it a proviso "that cavalry regiments may be recruited to 1.000 men, and that sufficient cavalry force shall be employed in the defense of the Texas frontier." The following Democrats voted with the Republicans in the affirmative : Aiken, Bene dict, Lockwood, Hart, Gause, Mackey, Wil liams, of Maryland. Williams, of Delaware, Culbertson, Mills, of Texas, Gidding, Sch leisher and Throckmorton. The recommendation of the Committee on Appropriations was not to concur, but Fos ter moved to concur, which was agreed to by 140 to 126. On the 25,000 clause the Republicans voted solidly in the affirmative, and were joined by Williams, of Michigan, Williams, of Dela ware, Culbertson, Schleisher, Gidding, Mills, Throckmorton, Luttrell and Randolph. The next amendment of the Senate was to insert 25,000 instead of 20,000 in the clause prohibiting recruiting of the army beyond that number. Foster moved to concur, w hich w'as agreed to by 134 to 130. The next amendment of the Senate was to strike out the words "of whom four full cavalry regiments shall be kept in service on the Mexican frontier in Texas," which was concurred in without opposition. The para graph now reads: "For the purchase of horses for cavalry and artilley and for Indian scouts and for such infantry as may be mounted, $200,000; provided, that cavalry regiments may be recruited to 100 men in each company and kept as near as practicable at that number, and a sufficient force of cav alry shall be employed in the defense of the Mexican and Indian frontiers of Texas ; pro vided, that nothing herein contained shall authorize recruiting of the number of men on the army rolls, including Indian scouts and hospital stewards, beyond 25,000." The amendment striking out the appropria tion of $50,000 for the conversion of 10-inch smooth-bores into rifles, was non-concurred iu. The bill now goes back to the Seuate for action on such amendments as were not concurred in. L. S. Metcalf was then sworn in as Repre sentative from the third district of Missouri, taking the iron-clad oath. Stephens introduced a bill for the financial relief of the country and to facilitate the re turn to specie payments, without materially affecting the commercial business and gen eral industries of the people. Referred to the Committee on Banking and Currency. It provides that the Secretary of the Treasury shall have prepared one issue of exchequer bills of various denominations to the amount of $350,000,000, and that they shall be used for the redemption and payment of outstand ing legal tender notes, and that such ex chequer bills shall be receivable in payment of all public and private duties and shall be fundable in three per cent, bonds. It directs the Secretary of the Treasury to give public notice of the proposed redemption of legal tenders, and to redeem them in exchequer bills when presented in sums of ,$50 and its multiples, which exchange shall continue until the 1st of January, 1879. It also pro vides for a series of three per cent, bonds, payable in coin in thirty years, after which time the bonds are to be sold or ex changed at par for coin or exchequer bills, and are to be also exchangeable after the 1st of January, 1879, for such legal tenders as may be outstanding. It also provides that all exchequer bills and coin received in payment for these three per cent, bonds shall be used in retiring the outstanding bonds bearing a higher rate of interest, and in order to meet the interest which is payable in coin until the exchequer bills and coin be on par, the Secre tary is required to procure coin by sale in Europe or elsewhere of the 4 and 4£ per cent, bonds already authorized. It empowers National Banks to hold their legal reserves in three per cent, bonds, and provides that their stock shall not be assessed by State authori ties above their par value. Important Mining; Suit. Deadwood, November 19.—One of the most important mining cases in the Black Hills court has just been decided by a jury who remained out less than fifteen minutes. The case w'as a suit against the famous Alpha mine by W. C. Bennett for the recov ery of a one-fourth interest he claimed to have purchased. The verdict was rendered in favor of Pinney, Lorton & Co., the origi nal and present owners of the mine. A committee of the workmen who are in possession of the Keets mine waited upon the district attorney -this morning with a proposition that they would abandon the property provided they were assured of im- munity from criminal prosecution. This the district attorney refused to do, and the com- mittee retired. It is probable that they will evacuate the mine to-morrow. The soldiers who were to assist Sheriff Bullock in this case have not put in an appearance yet though they are reported to have been within ten miles of the city for the past three days. - — .< M — Republican Caucus. New York, November 13.—The Times' Washington special on the Republican cau cus says : It was one of talk exclusively no action being taken on any subject. Various versions of the proceedings have been pub lished here, but they are mostly wrong. The only Senator who was personally and violent ly hostile to the President was Conkling. The prospect of a rupture between the Presi dent and Senate is entirely dissipated. That the result of the caucuses has been satisfac tory to all the Senators and it can not be said there is much regret that the President did not make some decided concessions. Murder In Ctiurch. Philadelphia, November 18.—During ser vices at the Church of the Ascension this morning, Alexander B. Sayers walked up the aisle, drew a pistol and shot his wife, who occupied a pew several feet in advance of where Sayres was sitting. She now lies at the hospital in a dying condition. Sayers was arrested. Both parties were regular at tendants at the church, but had been separ ated for two years. Her husband has al ready served a term in prison for breaking her arm. * Order From General Shermau. Washington, November 20.—Gen. Sher man has issued an order from the headquar ters of the army in which he says : The President is much concerned to find before him for action the proceedings of court raar tials, in several cases where officers have been tried for violation of the 38th article of war which provides that any officer found drunk while on duty shall be dismissed from service. The President desires it to be made known to the army that he cannot be led to underrate the magnitude which the crime alluded to is likely to produce on the public service. No person addicted to it can expect to be entrusted with any respon sible duty, aud a person who cannot be trusted had not better be continued in office. It must, therefore, be understood that any clemency which may have been heretofore extended by mitigation ur commutation of sentence cannot hereafter be relied upon as a basis for hope of a like favorable action. After this warning a vigorous execution of sentences imposed may be expected. The Heels Mine Troubles. Cheyenne, November 20.—There are now but nine men in the Keets mine, at Dead wood, the rest having been captured by the sheriff and his deputies as they came out for wood aud fuel. The soldiers that are to as sist in dislodging t lie belligerents are now at Crook City and are expected to arrive on the scene of action to-morrow. Horse Thieves Captured. Cheyenne, November 20.—The intrepid Scott Davis started, with a few others, from Lance creek four weeks ago in pursuit of a gang of horse thieves who have been oper ating on the Black Hills stage line for some time. He telegraphs to-day from Green river that he overhauled two of them with twelve head of stock at Alkali station, on the Sweetwater stage line, about twenty miles from there, and after a sharp fight captured one thief and eight horses. The other thief escaped in a wounded condition. This chase was made over rugged country a distance of 400 miles. THE EASTERN WAR, Great Victory for the Russians The Capture of Kars. London, November 19.— A Veran-Kaleh special says : Kars was captured by 15,000 Russians, who climbed the steep rocks, ram parts, and walls, and stormed an equal num ber of desperately fighting Turks in a head long flight over their ditches. The attack had been originally fixed for the 13th, but w'as postponed owing to the bad w'eather. The principal attack was made on the south ern forts. General Lazenhoff, who com manded the right wing, consisting of the 4th division, assaulted the Hafiz Pasha fort, crowning a steep, rocky height. General Count Grabbe, with a regiment of Moscow grenadiers and a regiment of the 19th divis ion, attacked Hafiz in the center, the Kban Tohea, Sauvarri aud Tabia, the three towers and citadel. The Ardahan brigade and an other regiment of Moscow grenadiers, under Generals Roop and Komaroff, forming the left wing, assaulted fort Inglis, on the north. The attack began iu the center at 8:30 on Saturday evening, when Count Grabbe led his brigade against the Khauli redoubt, aud he himself fell dead at the first onset, pierced by a bullet. Captain Knead Micki, of the 39th regiment, was the first to enter the redoubt at 11 o'clock at night. His sword was cut clean out of his hand aud his clothes were pierced. The redoubt surrendered early in the morn ing, and then three towers almost simultane ously with the capture of the Khauli redoubt. Fort Sanvarri and fort Hafiz Pasha w'ere car ried by assault by daylinght on Sunday. General Lazareff's troops had made progress as far as the capture of fort Karidigh. The other forts, especially Arb-Tabia, on the east, and Takmah-Tabia, on the west, maintained a stubborn resistance until 8 o'clock, when all the garrisons w Lieh could escape fied towards Erzeroum, but these were subsequently over taken by the dragoons and Cossacks and brought back as prisoners. A special dispatch dated Veran-Kaleh, Sunday evening, says: The fortress and city of Kars, with 300 cannon, stores, am munition, etc., fell into Russian hands. The Turks lost 5,000 iu killed and wounded and 10,000 prisoners, and many flags. The Rus sian soldiers made but trifling booty, and spared peaceful citizens, women and chil dren. General Louis Melekoff directed the battle. During the day Grand Duke Michael was present also. The former entered the city at 1:10 Sunday morning. A Russian official dispatch, dated Bogot, Saturday 17th, says: New's has just been received that a detachment of Cossacfcs and infantry succeeded in driving the Turks out of Rosalie Pass by turning their fortified positions on Moragaidah. The Turkish camp there was captured. General Skobeloff, dur ing a skirmish on the night of the 16th, re ceived severe contusions from fragments of a shell. He had already received similar con tusions on the night of the 15th. His wounds, however, are not dangerous, and he continues to direct the fire maintained against the Turk ish positions. London, November 20.-The leading Turco phile journals speak of the fall of Kars as the most serious catastrophe of the war, and concedes that Turkish resistance is practically at an end, unless Meheinet, winter, or chance will prevent the fall of Plevna. A public meeting is called to express sympathy for the Turks in their present desperate condition. The terms of peace are à subject of great discussion, no doubt being expressed as to the desire of Turkey to make peace in the event of the surrender or destruction of Osman's army. In the peace discussions the attitude of Germany is creating much anx iety. It is thought that Russia w ould be wil ling to grant acceptable terms, but fear is ex pressed that Germany may urge Russia to demand terms which England could pot per mit to be accepted. Much uneasiness is felt here. The impression prevails among finan cial men that while the end of Turkish resist ance is at hand, the settlement of the terms of peace is full of peril for Europe. England is more alarmed at Germany than Russia, not knowing where to secure allies in case of a rupture with the former. France is not ready for a foreign war, and is greatly embarrassed by the magnitude of her domestic difficulties. A correspondent at Belgrade telegraphs that General Horvatovich has informed the Servian government that if it wishes to join in tue war it should do so immediately, as the Turks are throwing up strong entrench ments, mounted with heavy Krupp guns, all along the eastern frontier, and are also con centrating troops near Clissouraand Tiruova, and may any day determine on an invasion. Russia is urging Servia to co-operate in the war in view of the operations for the relief of Plevna, which Mehemet Ali is expected to commence during the last week in Novem ber. A correspondent says it is believed that Osman Pasha can hold out until the begin ning of December. Constantinople, November 19.—A report is current here that the Russians have made an assault en Plevna and been repulsed. EnglaiHl Urge«! lo Hectare War Against Russia. Chicago, November 21.—The Times' 1 Lon don special says: The leading Turcophile newspaper here demand that England shall declare war at once against Russia. It says that if the English people are bent on sacri ficing their renown among the nations, as well as their wide-spead dominions, because Turkey is not better governed than Russia, then no warnings nor writings on the wall will avail to save them. Russia has now vir tually conquered Armenia. Persia next falls under her domination. The ways to the east, west and south are open. India will thrill with suppressed excitement which no famine subscriptions will calm. The Czar is on the road to the Dardanells, and the England of Nelson and Pitt sits w'atching the drama in a state of sentimental indecision. There is much excitement among the lead ing English Turcopliiles, but the masses are quiet. The Russians are concentrated w'est of Plevna, between the Isker and the Vid, cov ering the roads leading from Plevna to Wid din, Veratga and Orchaine. A large portion of the troops sent to General llidestky, at Shipka Pass, have been recalled and are now stationed on Gurko's left, cast of Telio, to threaten the flank of the army moving from Orchaine in the region between the Isker and the Vid. Every point of egress is covered with troops and entrenchments, aud so dis posed as to present a front to Mehemet Ali. The Turks are equally active iu organizing an army of relief. Troops are being drawn from exery part of the European field. Part of the Turkish Shipka Pass force has been withdrawn, and all the reserves which were accumulated at Adrianople. Even one-half of a corps on the Servian frontier has been added. There have also been new levies from the depots at Constantinople and Phili poplis. It is certain that Mehemet Ali has an army of nearly 55,000 men, many of whom are veterans. The Turks have brought up every available man and will probably make their effort at once, as the Russians are daily increasing in strength by the arrival of new levies. The approaching struggle is likely to be the greatest aud most desperate of the war, and will probably be decisive. The latest from Bulgaria reports incessant fighting between the posts near Orchane. There was heavy cannonading yesterday at Plevna, which is thought by many to mean an attempt to carry the place by assault. ^ 44 4 «£»> ►► ■■ - Attempted Asaasl nation of Emperor William. Berlin, November 19.—A Pole has been arrested here on suspicion of intending to attempt the assassination of Emperor William and Prince Bismarck. J udicial investiga tion has been instituted. The Pole who was arrested on suspicion of intending to attempt the assassination of Empörer William and Prince Bismarck has been recognized as a forger w'hom the police had tracked from Westphalia. -<4 ; — Safe Blown Open. New York, November 19.—The World says : The safe in the Fifth National Bank, at the corner of Third avenue and 23d street, was blown open at high noon on Sunday by burglars, who got away with $5,000. Benton Items. From our Benton exchange of the 16th inst., we clip the following items : Mr. T. C. Power is expected home this month. Major Ilges distributed rations to the Gros Ventre Indians on Thursday. Prairie fires, said to have been ignited by Kootenay and Pend'Oreille Indians, are rapidly consuming the grass north and west of Benton. A number of cattle are also re ported burned. Mr. W. Kisselpaugh informs us that he has leao id, but not sold, his establishment at Wolf creek to Mann & Anderson. The firm are now keeping a first-class house and af fording their patrons unlimited satisfaction. Judge Hedges, of Helena, our very excel lent Territorial Superintendent of public schools, arrived in town on Tuesday and re mained over one coach. It afforded us no little pleasure to make the acquaintance of so sincere a friend to the educational interests of Montana, as the Judge has proved him self to be since assuming the duties of his responsible position. Fry's bill to amend the Bankrupt law pro poses to repeal the Bankrupt act of March 2, 1867, and all the supplemental acts on that subject, and to enact in lieu thereof the fol lowing: Be it enacted, etc., that whenever any debtor, individual, firm or corporation in fail ing circumstances shall make a voluntary surrender or assignment of all their property, assets, estate and effects for the benefit of their creditors, without preference or without having given any preferencein contemplation of bankruptcy, under the law of the State in which such debtor shall reside, or in which the principal office of the corporation is lo cated, such debtor shall be discharged from all further liability for debts existing at the time of such assignment or surrender : Pro vided, the assigned estate and effects shall be sufficient in amount to pay—per centum of such debts ; And provided further, That this act shall not apply to any debts owing in any fiduciary capacity. Sec. 2. The evidence of discharge shall be the certificate, under seal of the court having jurisdiction of the accounts. It was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. It is eighteen hundred and odd years since a Christian gentleman named Paul wrote to one Timothy : "I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence." And now as many as twenty-nine women are advertised in the Chi cago papers as conducting religious services and preaching on a single Sunday.